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1737562 



REYNOLDS Hlf^TORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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3 1833 00868 1 1 i'3 



BIOGRAPHICAL 

AKD ... ' ' 

MEMORIAL EDITION 

OK Tur. 

/' HISTORICAL i' 

ENCY CLOPEDIA 

OF 

mLINOIS, ^" 

^^^^^^ Ills - 

■■'■ ■ Mh-''^''cSi'':m ■■ - 

' BY 

New TON- Bateman, LL. D. Palm. Selbv, A. M. 



Special Auth(;rs and Contributors 

VOLUMK II. . / ^ 

IITLUSTRATED ' 

W^ - 

CHICAGO 

M li N S E L I, F I- B L I S H I X G COMPANY 
HU BLISHERS 

1915 



1737562 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



801 



CHARLES WILLIAM SPENCER. 



It is the old adage whicli tells us tliat "opiwr- 
tunity kiiocks once at each man's door," that 
at least one time in a man's life lie is given the 
chance to grasp adventitious circumstance and 
through it place himsolf in a position to rise to 
recognition in the field openiil up before him. 
This is undoubtedly true, as can be proved by 
thousands of successful careers, but the man 
who waits for the knock of opportunity will 
be found far in the rear of the individual who 
has the ability to make opportunity when his 
less ambitious fellows have allowed it to .slip 
through their grasp. The modern man of busi- 
ness has little use for the man who waits for 
something to "turn up." He realizes that it 
takes but mediocre ability to take something 
that has already been developed; and it is, 
therefore, that the man who makes a place for 
himself, not the man who takes a place vacated 
by others, is the one who creates the greatest 
demand for his services. Some men there are 
who can follow but one line; their abilities 
seem to have been developed in but one direc- 
tion, and oftentimes they never discover their 
proper field of activity until it is too late, until 
the best of their power has been cojitributed 
to a vocation which their inclination and inher- 
ent abilities have been wasted upon. It is the 
man who realizes his proper field, who is pos- 
sessed of the courage to grasp the opportunity 
presented in that direction, who rises above his 
fellows and eventually attains distinction, just 
for the reason that he has these qualities. 

The career of the late Charles William 
Si>encer, of t^bicago, was one which, for" Its 
record of opiwrtunities grasped and achieve- 
ments attained, may stand as representative of 
the busy life which has made this Illinois city 
the metropolis which it is. His career was 
closed by death when he was still in the prime 
of life, yet, considering the disadvantages 
which he had been forced to overcome, he had 
accomplished as much as many men would have 
con.sidered it an achievement to effect in a 
lifetime of earnest and assiduous endeavor. His 
youth was one of constant and necessary labor ; 
his early advantages of the slightest, yet he 
made himself a recognized factor in the activi- 
ties of the great city in which he made his 
home, and was able at all times to cope with 
and hold his own in the competition, trying 



and merciless, which has made Chicago famed 
•throughout the world for its men of strength of 
purpose, self-reliance and unremitting perse- 
verance. 

Charles William Speuoor was an Englishman 
by birth, liis natal day being April C, ISU'J. 
He was three years of age when he accom- 
panied his parents from Kent, England, to 
Canada, and two years later became a resident 
of the t'nited States when he was brought to 
Chicago. His education in his early years was 
decidedly limited, as his parents were in humble 
circumstances, and when he was eight years old 
he began to contribute his share to the family 
exchequer by bringing home the wages earned 
by him as a cash boy in the store of Carson, 
PirJe, Scott & Company. Earnest and industri- 
ous, careful of his employers' interests, always 
ready and anxious to learn, he earned promo- 
tion until he was placed at the head of the 
cash boys in the department, and what was, 
for him, infinitely better, gained the attention 
and help of Jlr. Woods, the general manager of 
the store, who, seeing in the boy one whom his 
acumen told him was bound to develop, had 
him given good educational advantages. From 
that time his rise was rapid, and for sixteen 
years he remained in the employ of this large 
Chicago house. On leaving their employ, he 
established himself in a bicycle business, but 
one year later gave evidence of his good judg- 
ment by selling out his small business to enter 
the employ of the Illinois Central Railroad 
Company. Here again his services were appre- 
ciated by promotion, and he eventually became 
traveling passenger agent for this great rail- 
road company, lieing so employed until the time 
of his death, which occurred May 14, 1911, 
after a stroke of apoplexy. Mr. Spencer's 
career was too short to develop the full power 
of a man of his inherent ability, yet he was 
everywhere recognized as one who had won the 
confidence of those associated with him by 
accomplishing all, and more, than had been 
asked of him. His private activities had left 
him but little time to devote himself to public 
life, but his support was given unreservedly to 
the Republican party. He belonged fraternally 
to the National Union and to the Masons, and 
with his family, he attended the Episcopal 
church. 



802 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Mr. Spencer was married Deceuilier IT, 1000, 
to Miss Miuerva MauOe Iviefer, who was boru 
In London, Ohio, and was educated at Evan- 



stou, and to this union tliere were horn two 
sons: Charles William, Jr., who died at the 
age of three mouths ; and Virgil. 



EUGEXE KINCAID BUTLER. 



It is claimed by many students of biography 
and of econouiie conditions, that technical train- 
ing is not necessary for the develoiiuieut of 
successful men and women. These claims are 
based upon the tact that so many of the great- 
est men the country has ever produced, esi)e- 
cially along tiuancial and industrial lines, have 
been es.sentially self-taught, and trained only 
in the school of experience. Certainly true it 
is that men who have obtained their education 
through their own efforts, and while gaining 
their living, are apt to appreciate its worth, and 
make, oftentimes, better use of the knowledge 
thus obtained, than do those to whom are oi)eu 
the doors of universities. Chicago is the home 
of many institutions which owe their present 
l)rosporous condition and world wide recogni- 
tion, to the sagacity, far-reaching policies and 
intimate knowledge of conditions, to men to 
whom an academic training was not given, but 
who have been graduated from the higher 
school of practical acquaintance with the matter 
in hand. One of those men worthy of much 
more than passing mention is Eugene Kincaid 
Butler, whose connection with the McCormlck 
Harvester Company extended over a period of 
thirty-two years, and with other concerns for 
some years longer. 

I']ugene Kincaid lUitler was born on a farm 
in the vicinity of Rome, X. Y., June S. lS4o, 
a son of Ezekiel and Eunice (Shaw) r.utler, 
but removed with his parents to Whiteside 
County, III., In childhood, and there received 
a preliminary educational training. Later he 
studied in the high scliool of Kenosha, Wis., but 
soon left, called to assist his father in agri- 
cultural work. The limitations of farm life 
were irksome to the ambitious young man, and 
in 1S0.5 he came to Chicago, obtaining a position 
as salesman wiih C. H. and L. J. MeCormirk. 
His knowledge of agricultural conditions and 
his acquaintance among the farming class, aided 
him materially in his work, as he sold direct 
to the farmers. Until ISOS he continuetl with 
this concern through its various changes, first 
in field work, then as .superintendent of the 
factory, and as secretary and general manager, 
holding the last named position for many years. 
He commenced to work for C. 11. and L. J. 



McCormiek at a salary of $J0 per month, as 
a clerk in an agency othce of the comiiauy, in 
a small town in Iowa. In a very short time he 
became local agent in tliis othce, and from then 
on his advance was almost meteoric and at the 
time of his retirement he was general manager 
of the tvmpany. In 1!J01 he became interested 
in organizing and served as a director of the 
Brownsville, Te.xas, Land and Irrig.ation Com- 
pany, a corporation owning :i7,000 acres of rice 
land, of which 7,imk:i acres were at once put 
under cultivation with canals extending more 
than -K) miles, and a pumping jilant with a capa- 
city of 100,000 gallons per minute. In 1902, 
Ml'. Butler purchased the controlling interest 
in the Keystone Company, manufacturers of 
farm imiilements at Sterling, 111., and succeeded 
in bringing that concern to a high commercial 
standing, and after putting that enterprise on 
a paying basis, he disiwsetl of his interests and 
severed his connection as president of the cor- 
poration. He was also a director in the Iowa 
National Bank at Des Moines, Iowa, and dur- 
ing his active career, which covered more than 
four decades, few men have reachtnl a broader 
plane of activity and usefulness. In the last 
few years, he has practically lived retired, and 
is now enjoying the results of a well spent and 
meritorious bu.--iness life. 

Mr. Butler was married at Gcneseo, 111., 
March .5, ISiiT. to Miss Sarah R. Ohnstead, and 
they have had four children: Hubert W., 
Frank, Robert S. and Edward Earle, the second 
dying in infancy. .Mr. Butler belongs to the 
I'mim League and Kenwood clubs. In politics 
he is a Republican, but has never desired i^ublic 
othce, his energies liaving been devoted to his 
business and many public-.spirited actions. 
For nearly half a century he has been a resi- 
dent of Chicago, and his love for the city has 
liil him to advocate many movements looking 
towards its advancement and civic betterment. 
His charities have Ijeen many, but few of them 
are known to the public, for he is modest in his 
benevolences and somewhat retiring in dispo- 
sition. 

Life has given niiieli to .Mr. Butler, but he 
has earned the distinction and prosperity 
which are his. \cver has he been known to 




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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



803 



slilrk !i duty, or to be other than tboui;htful 
uiid ei'!i.->ltlcrate for t.'iose unUer his suporvirsiou. 
The enterprises witli wliieh he lias been cou- 
lucteil, litive all been soiinil, legitimate concerns 
anil he left all of tliiui better for his assot-iation 
with their nianaijeuient. Lwkins back over his 
career, it niu?^t be a source of pleasure to him 



to reflect that his advancement was gaineil 
through merit and knowled^'e and not by pull- 
lug down another, or wrecking the work of a 
competitor. Taking him all in all, no higher 
praise can be bestowed upon him than to say 
that in every respect he is a true man and a 
dependable citizen. 



ALFRED LANDON BAKER. 



The bunking house of Alfred L. Baker & Co. 
has obtained, in the community, after nearly 
twenty years of e.xisteuee, a most enviable rep- 
utation for stability and integrity. It belongs 
to the New York Stock Exchange, the Chicago 
Stock E.\chauge and the Chicago Board of 
Trade. Alfred Landon Baker, the founder of 
the tirm, was born in Nova Scotia, April 20, 
1^59, while his parents, Addison and ilaria 
(Mudge) Baker, residents of Boston, were tem- 
porarily living in that locality. His father was 
engaged in the wholesale canning business in 
Boston. He did not live to see his sou attain 
to mature years, and the mother is no longer 
living. 

Early in his youth, tlie family mcved from 
Boston to Eynn, JIass., and Mr. Baker was 
graduated from the I.ynn High school in 1S7G. 
.\fter his graduation, at the end of his sixteenth 
year, he was a clerk successively in a woolen 
house and for a boot and shoe firm, and later 
became private secretary to the treasurer of 
the Amory and Langdon Manufacturing Co., 
whose offices were in the old Suffolk Banking 
building in Boston. During this time, in order 
to get ahead more rapidly in the world, Mr. 
Baker studied law, evenings, and was admitted 
to the bar of Essex County when he was twen- 
ty-two years of age, and then opened an office 
in I.ynn under the firm name of Baldwin & 
Baker, attorneys at law. At this time he was 
a member of the city council and was on the 
school board. In the fall of 1SS5. when in his 
twenty-sixth year, he left Lynn for Chicago 
and, shortly after his arrival, formed a part- 



nership, for the practii-e of law, with Eouis 
M. Greeley under the lirm name of Baker & 
Ureeley. in l.bUG he decided to enter the bank- 
ing business and founded the present banking 
and brokerage hrm of Alfred L. Baker & Co. 
Mr. Baker is a member of the Xew York Stock 
Exchange, the Chicago Board of Trade and the 
Chicago Stock Exchange, and was president of 
the last mentioned institution for three years 
from l^OS to VJW. He is vice president of the 
National City Bank of Chicago, and of the Calu- 
met lie Chicago Canal it Dock Co. He was presi- 
dent of the Jlerchants Club of Chicago in VMo 
and president of the hoard of trustees of the 
Lake Forest University in 1907 and I'JUS. For 
the last two years he has been president of 
the City Club. He is also a member of the 
Society of Mayflower Descendants and the So- 
ciety of Colonial Wars. Mr. Baker is chairman 
of the present Citizens Terminal I'lan Com- 
mittee which successfully rai.sed ?UiO,000 for 
the comprehensive study of the entire terminal 
situation in Chicago. 

On June G, lt-'J4, he was married, at Chicago, 
to Miss Mary Corwith, a daughter of Henry 
Corwith of Chicago, and has two children, 
namely : Isabelle, who was born in li'-OT ; and 
Mary Landon, who was born in li>01. 

Although devoted to his business Mr. Baker 
believes that the devotion of a good jKirtion of 
time and thought to 'the interests of the com- 
munity is of equal importance and not incon- 
sistent with one's personal success. Beading 
and the game of golf are his recreations. 



In an age that is essentially commercial, it 
Is refreshing to discover a few whose lives 
have been spent in scholarly pursuits, and 
whose pleasures centered in deep and protluctive 
studies. Such men even though their span of 
years may have been brief, in dying leave be- 
hind them records that stimulate others to fol- 



W ALTER DANIEL JOXES 

low in their f 



in tlicir loiitstei's and emulate their cxam- 

always attracted to it men of more than or- 
dinary ability, for in its study and prosecution 
those of scholarly habits ami logical minds lind 
congenial exTression, and from it have come 
some of the most m>ted men this ojuntrv has 



804 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



ever known. 'Within recent years many of tlie 
legal lights of Illinois and other luiddle westtru 
states have sought Chicago, where they have 
advantages and opportunities not to he found 
elsewhere. The ^train of mefropulitaii life has 
been too great for some (jf thorn, who in striving 
to live up to their convictions of profession:)! 
honor and to meet the demands of their clients, 
have broken down and passed away from the 
scene of their activities. Such was the c.ise 
with the Irtte Walter Daniel Joues, brilliant law- 
yer, profound scholar and desirable citizen. Jlr. 
Jones was tiorn at Crawfordsville, Montgomery 
County, Ind., May 19, 1SG2, a sou of CJcorge 
Jones. The latter was a native of Crawfords- 
ville, where he spent his useful life, developing 
into a farmer who spcH.ialized on wheat grow- 
ing. He married there and had three childreu, 
namely: Edward, Margaret and Walter Daniel. 
Walter Daniel Jones was educated in the 
common schools of Madison Towusliip, in his 
native county, and later went to Wabash Col- 
lege and the State Normal school, thus prepar- 
ing himself for the profession of teaching, with 
the end in view of becoming a lawyer. For 
ten years he studied and taught, becoming prin- 
cipal of the Linden graded school, and was 
graduated from the legal aepanmeui, of the lu- 
dianaix>lis University in ISOG. Following this, 
. Mr. Joues was admitted to the Montgomery 
County bar, the appellate and United States 
courts, and in 1001 to the Department of the 
Interior at Washington, D. C, and continued in 
practice in Indiana until 1003, when he came to 
Chicago, for the lirst year being in the otiites 
of the law lirm of Rosenthal, Hurst & I\irsel 
in the Chicago Title & Trust building. He then 
opened an oflice of his own, and continued in 
active practice in the Ashland building, until 
his death, July S, 1914. Mr. Jones, or as he 
was familiarly called, "Judge" Jones, was a 
recognized authority upon questions pertaining 
to bankruptcy and corporation law, and during 
his latter years his practice was principally eon- 
fined to the federal courts. In all of his work 
he was ably seconded by his wife, a lady of 
much more than average ability. In fraternal 



circles Mr. Jones was well known, for he was 
one of the most enthusiastic of. Odd I'eliows, be- 
longing to every branch of that order, including 
the encampment of Cantpu, aud was I'ast 
Grand, ex-clerk and acting Chief Patriarch. In 
addition he was a JIaster Mason, and belonged 
to the Modern Woodmeu of America and the 
Sous of Ben Ilur. His proniiuence in his pro- 
fession led others to make him president of the 
Indianapolis Lawyers' Association, aud chair- 
Bian of the Chicago Lawyers' Association, aud 
In these organizations, as in those of a more 
social nature, Mr. Joues was admittedly one 
of the most ]K)pular members, and deservedly 
so, for his striking personality aud natural 
geniality won for hiui friends among his asso- 
ciates wherever founcL After coming to Chi- 
cago, Mr. Jones tiecame a convert to. the doc- 
trines of Christian Science and found much 
comfort and pleasure in his belief. 

Walter Daniel Jones was married to Etta 
Marie Biown, born on the farm of her father 
in Montgomery County, Ind., December G, 1SG4, 
a daughter of Levi and Amanda (Bolser) 
Brown, natives of Ohio and Germany, respec- 
tively. The fiithcr was n farmer of Montgom- 
ery County, Ind., and a man of substance in 
his ;.-ommvi};':y. A^trcr t^oir location at Chicago, 
Mrs. Jones was admitted as a member of her 
husband's oftice force, and was his competent 
assistant until his death. Not only was Mr. 
Jones an able educator, logiciil lawyer and 
pleasing companion, but he was also a deep 
thinker aud student of the Bible and the works 
of William Shakespeare. So thoroughly did he 
master both volumes, that he became a ready 
reference guide and never failed to answer 
promptly any questions asked of him regarding 
cither. He took a pride in his studies in these 
directions, and could quote at length from 
either. Keeping in such close touch with the 
two greatest masterpieces of the English lan- 
guage, his conversation and thoughts were 
tinged by the lofty and spiritual tone of them, 
and his character was broadened and sweetened 
thereby. 



ALBERT GOLDSPOHN. 



A record of the professional career of Dr. 
All)€rt Goldspolm of Chicago shows that he has 
been an honor to his calling aud a valuable 
addition to the ranks of those who are labor- 
ing to bring about necessary changes in the 



management of civic affairs. A man of deep 
learning, jirofound in his ideas, practical in 
his suggestions. Dr. Gcldspohu has naturally 
taken a notitble place among his associates. 
For many years he has figured prominently in 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLIXOIS. 



the medical profession of Chicaso, and has 
maintained througlioiit Iiis entire career a iii^lj 
stundard of etiiies and lionoratile practice. He 
is a wortliy member of tlie Cliicago Medical 
fraternily and is looked upon as one of t!ie 
alile pliysieians and snr;^eoiis of tlio city. Tlie 
sidrit of progress wliich has tieen the dominant 
factor 01' the nineteenth and the oi)onins years 
of tlie twentieth centnry has l>een manifest in 
uo connection more stron^'ly tlian in the med- 
ical profession where investiiration and re- 
search have brought forth many scieutilic 
facts and principles, solving nature's secrets. 
Step by step Dr. Goldsi>ohn has l^ept i)ace witli 
the march of improvement and while numbered 
among Chicago's earlier pliysieians. he is called 
with the capable and etticient members of his 
profession, owing to the fact that he ha.s ever 
kept in close touch with the most advanced 
work that has been done by the leading men, 
not only here, but in foreign countries. Pr. 
Goldspolin has displa.ved a remarkable capabil- 
ity along educational lines and his compre- 
liensive knowledge of anatomy and the com- 
jionent parts of the human body and the on- 
slaughts made upon it by disease makes his 
jnrigment most valuable in surgery to which 
he has in later years practically devoieu lii.s 
-speiitie attention. 

Dr. Goldspohn was born in Dane County, 
Wis., Septeml)er 2.'?. IS.j], a son of William 
and Frederika (Kohnmann) Goldspohn. lie 
received his educational training in the pub- 
lic schools of his native ~state and at the Xorth- 
westcrn College at Xaperville. 111., being 
graduated from the latter institution in 1ST."). 
with the degree of M. S. In early childlioofl. 
ho had decided upon entering the profession 
of medicine, and accordingly after completing 
his course in the Northwestern College, he ma- 
triculated in raish Medical College of Cliicago, 
in which he took a thorough course, being grad- 
uated in 1S7S with the degree of M. D. After 
his graduation he was an interne at the Cook 
County Hospital for nineteen months, at the 
close of which period, in ISTO. he established 
himself in the practice of medicine at Des 
Plaines, Cook County, 111., where he continued 
until ISS.".. Wisliing to obtain a more thorough 
knowleilge of medicine and surgery, he went 
abroad and pursued post-graduate work in sur- 
gery and women's diseases in five of the most 
noted nnlvcrsities of Germany, during ISS.'i, 
1SS7 and again in 1809, thus coming under 



the instruction of some of the most eminent 
phy-siejan, .ind surgevjns of ihe oid world. 
Since Issj, he has t,eei: a wortliy representa- 
tive of the medic-yl [ircfe^sion ut Chicago, and 
his work has broiigUt him to a high standing 
in ills profe.ssion. Since 1892 he has been 
professor of diseases of women in the Post- 
Graduate Me<lieJii School of Chictigo, and was 
attending surgeon in tiie department of dis- 
eases of women and alidoinlnal .'urgery to the 
German lIost)ital until I'MXi. lie (vas also at- 
teudiP.g .surgeon in the department of diseases 
of nowea and aiidomlnal surgery in the Post- 
Graduate Ilospilal ^>f Ciii'-ago, and since 1900, 
he ba.s been surgeon in chief of the Evangelical 
Deaconess Hospital of Cliicago. He is the 
author of nearly half a hundred original themes 
on various suDjects in .surgery and diseases of 
women and is one of tlie most skilled and pro- 
ficient along these lines in his profession. 

Dr. Gohlspohn is a man of broad information 
along many line.^, and in his profession he has - 
kept in cl'i.=-e tonch with all that research is 
bringing to light. He is a member o*' the Chi- 
cago Medical Society, the Chicago Medico-Legal 
Society, the Chicago Gynecological Societj-, the 
Illinois State Medical Society, the Mississippi 
Valley Medicj.; A;;sociatlon, the American Medi- 
cal .Vs.sociation, the American Association of 
Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the Inter- 
national I'eriodieal Congress of Obstetricians 
and Gyn"co!ogists. Dr, Goldspohn is a Repub- 
lican in his political views, though independent, 
and usui''ly casts his vote for men whose poli- 
cies nro for the best interests of the country 
regardless of party tics. He is a member of 
the Evangelical Association and is numbered 
among the best citizens of Chicago. A well- 
read man, his great pleasure is found in the 
further study of medicine and its allied sci- 
ences. He holds to liigh ideals in his profes- 
sion and is constantly seeking to broaden his 
knowledge that his labors may be more effective 
and with discriminating intelligence, selects the 
best methods for the treatment of individual 
cases, th<> soundness of his judgment being 
manifest in the excellent results which follow 
his labors. Dr. Gold.spohn resides at No. 2118 
Cleveland avenue, and maintains his office at 
No. 2120 Clevel.ind avenue where he has an 
extensive and lucrative practice. 

Dr. Goldspohn was married in 1,S.S7 to Miss 
Cornelia F. Walz. a native of Stuttgart, Ger- 
many, who died in IWl without issue. 



806 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLLVOIS, 



si:meon h. busey. 



lu tlie family of Kusty the traditions of abil- 
ity, honor and worth left by tlxoso wlio have 
gone beyond sot a worthy precedent which the 
present generation, and that from which it 
spranj;, have followed, to which they have added 
a life chapter that must prove an inspiration 
and a positive incentive to those destined to 
come after them. Among the most notable ex- 
ponents of the family's integrity and business 
capability was Simeon H. Kusey, a represeutn- 
tive of the State of Illinois, who left a lasting 
imprint on the commercial, territorial, finan- 
cial and social institutions of Champaign 
County. 

Simeon II. I!usey was born OctoI)er 24, 1S24, 
at Greeucastle, Ind., the eldest son of Col. Mat- 
thew W. Busey, who was one of the early 
large land-owners in the county. It was in 
1832 that Matthew W. Eusey came to this part 
of the state, buying considtTable property at 
that time, and it was largely through his gieat 
Influence that the location of the county seat 
was secured to Urbana. Simeon II. Busey was 
nine years old when he came, with his parents, 
to Illinois with the purpose of making Urbana 
hio future home, nnd here he enjoyed the re- 
maining years of his youth. Although tlie avail- 
able facilities for education were then limited 
in the extreme, by heeding the advice of his 
parents and by making the best use of each op- 
portunity, he acquired, not only a superior busi- 
ness ability, but a culture and refinement that 
lifted him to a position of much personal re- 
gard among his friends. By foreseeing the in- 
crease tliat would inevitably come in the v.t-lue 
of Illinois farm lands, and by making a large 
acreage throughout the county his property, he 
was assured, by this venture of a financial in- 
dependence. Xot content with such enterjirise 
alone, he assisted in the organization of the 
First National Bank of Champaign, later sell- 
ing his interest in that corporation to become 
a co-founder with his brother. Colonel Samuel 
T. lUisey, of Busey's Bank of Urbana. This 
Institution has become a synonym tlirough the 
surrounding territory for sound banking, square 
dealing, and unquestioned financial standing. 
The judgment of long experience in banking, 
which Mr. Biisey invariably associated with his 
work, made his name, as a backer of other 
works of like character, desirable. He was a 
charter member and a director of the Banker's 
National Bank of Chicago until the time of his 



death; and v.-ay also Id-^ntiHed with one of 
I'eoria's most proiHluer.a bsnks. The success 
that attended these connections fully attests 
the s;igacity of Mv. Bu.s.-y. 

On Scptfijibcr 22, Ic-iS. Jfr. Busey was mar- 
ried to Miss Artemisia Junes. To -Mr. and .Mrs. 
Busey were born eiglit children, of whom the fol- 
lowing u:,med are now living: .lohn W., who is 
a banker, fra-mcr and sto.-kraisiT of I'enfield, 
Chajupaign County; Mr.s. Augusta Morgan, who 
was rorttierly o; Minnc-aiwlis, Jlian., is now liv- 
ing in Urbana; V.\'.7.::\Kih V.. who married Ozias 
Riley, postmaster ;-.f lli.inipaign. 111.; Matthew 
V.-., who is president of Busey's Bank ; George 
v.. who is retired; James B., who is a farmer 
and banker of Mahomet, III., and Alice J., who 
is Mrs. Gus Fieeman of Urkma. Wiliianj H. 
died November 27, I'l'to. Mrs. Busey died July 
IS. ]0I4, at the age of eigbty-sLx years. Up to 
within a few montlis of her death she seemed 
as young and sprightly as she was many years 
before. .\o matter liow ambitious the person, no 
career could excel that of Artemisia Busey. 
Hers was a noble one, for she reared eight chil- 
dren to manhood ami womanhood, and to each 
she represented the ideal of (Jnd-fearing mother- 
hood. 

In his religious atllliation, Mr. Busey was a 
Baptist, belonging to the First Baiitist Church 
of Urbana. One phase of his social life com- 
prised bis high membership in the local chap- 
ter of the Masonic order. Politically he wag 
a Democrat, and in the years 1'>70-7S repre- 
sented his district in the Thirtieth General 
Assembly, having been elected on the ticket of 
that party. During the political campaign of 
isnc, the business principles to which he ad- 
hered classed him as a Gold Democrat, and he 
was the candidate of that branch of the party 
for trustee of the University of Illinois. In all 
of his many activities Mr. Busey not once 
neglected the interests of his home town and 
his efforts and good judgment largely con-' 
tributed to the city's growth. He was sui->er- 
visor or his township for several terms, and 
represented the city as alderman for several 
terms. He was one of those whose active work 
secured the location of the University of Illi- 
nois at T"rbana, and also the location of the 
railroad running Iietween I'eoria and Indianap- 
olis, now a part of the Big Four system. The 
charitable work that Mr. Busey accomplished, 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



807 



jn his quiet, unassuming way, is highly indica- 
tive of the man, for he did these many arts of 
kindness from the very fullness of his heart. 
To have received rraise, or any but simple, 
heart-felt th:inl>s, for the l;indnesses he joyed 
in rendering, -.vould have been anything but 
pleasing to the spirit in which he worked. He 
was a man whom one could not well fail to 



respect, for he always looked his conscience 
straight in the face, read its dictates, and then, 
seeing his course of action marked out, fol- 
lowed the path of right living. Death claimed 
him June 3, 1001, but when he departed his in- 
fluence for giKjd kept hand in hand with the 
memory he left behind him. 



GEORGE F. Mcknight. 



That New York state has given Chicago some 
of its most solid and reliable men whose actions 
have materially assisteil in the development and 
advancement of the city, the records most clear- 
ly prove. Those who hail from the Empire 
State never lose their pride in it, but at the 
same time gladly devote their time and energy 
towards solving local iiroblems in the place of 
their adoption. Among those who during ni:iny 
years of wise usefulness proved himself an 
honor alike to the state of his birth and to Illi- 
nois, vras the late Capt. George F. McKnight, 
statesman, ofticial, substantial business man and 
public spirited citizen, who fought for his 
country in times of war and peace. Captain 
McKnight was born at Buffalo, X. T., March 9, 
1S,37. a son of George and .Susanna (Wheeler) 
McKnight, the former of whom was born in 
Massachusetts, of .Scotch descent. During his 
mature years he was a beef and pork packer. 
After his demise, his willow married James W. 
Sanford, originally one of the well known 
steaniboiit men on the great lakes, but later a 
real estate dealer of Buffalo, X. Y., where he 
died in 1S0.5, being at that time the dean of 
his line of business at Buffalo. 

Unlike many, Captain McKnight did not at- 
tend either an academy or college, his educa- 
tional training being confined to that given in 
public school Xo. G, Buffalo, Imt naturally a 
student, he increased his store of knowledge up 
to the time of his death and became one of the 
best informed men of his locality. After leav- 
ing school, he became check clerk on the Buf- 
falo docks, and later steamboat clerk for the 
Troy & Krle line of boats operating on the 
great lakes. Still later, he engaged as steam- 
boat clerk with the Buffalo & Cleveland Steam- 
boat Company, remaining with this concern 
until he lieean work with the engineering corps 
in the enlargement of the Erie cannl, which 
occupied him for a period of three years. Then, 
from IS-'iS until ISOl, he was a clerk in the 
wholesale leather house of John M. Hutchin- 



son of Buffalo, and at the same time, he was 
a member of the Buffalo Vulunreer Fire de- 
partment. 

When his country was in need of his services, 
he resiionded to its call, and in ISCl enlisted 
in Battery G, First Xew Y'ork Light Artillery, 
known as "Frank's Battery," despite the fact 
that his health was not such as to warrant his 
exi>osing himself. His services were of such 
value that on March 3, 1S(>.j, he was commis- 
sioned captain and given command of the 
Twelfth Xew York Independent Battery, Light 
Artillery, and so served until the close of the 
Ciril war, when he was honorably discharged 
at Washington, D. C. 

After leaving the army. Captain McKnight 
locatetl in Xew York City and was there en- 
gaged in an oil business until l«no. in which 
year, realizing the opportunities of Chicago, he 
came to this city, which continued his home 
until death claimed him. Upon his arrival at 
Chicago, he embarked In a fire insurance busi- 
ness, but in 1S79 organized the Lake Gas Com- 
pany, of which he was treasurer, secretary and 
general manager, so continuing until ISSS, when 
he became interested in the iron trade, and 
later in a real estate business. Always an acute 
judge of human nature, it was but natural that 
Captain McKnight .should take an active part 
in politics, and he was a potent factor in the 
work of the Republican party. His services 
received signal recognition at the hands of the 
late Governor Richard Oglesby, who appointed 
him a member of the Board of Erjualization, 
and his handling of the duties pertaining to this 
ottice was so masterly that he was re-appointed 
upon several occasions, continuing in office 
until HW.5. When the Town of Lake was an- 
nexed to Chicago in June, ISS!), Ca[itain Mc- 
Knight was elected one of the first two alder- 
men to represent the Thirty-first ward in the 
city council, and was re-elected to the same 
ottice upon the expiration of his first term. An 
extremely useful member of the Republican 



808 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



club of hi.s wnnl, he was calleil upon iiuiny times 
to reiiresent the interests of his iiarty in city, 
county and state conventions, as a delegate. 
His military service made him interested in 
various orjianizations <>f a patriotic character, 
and he belongetl to tlie Grand Army of the 
Republic, the Miwy of tlie rotoinac Society awl 
the National I'uion Society. Socially he was 
a member of the Illinois Club, and of the Home 
Club of Englewood. having belou;j:cd to the lat- 
ter from its urirani/.ation. 

- On October 22, 1S<>'., Captain McKnit:ht was 
united in marriaiU'e with Miss Caroline G. Case, 
a daushter of Captain Lyman and Rebecca 
(Kug^'les) Case, and granddaughter of Judge 
Almon Ruggles of Ohio. Captain Case was for 
a number of years a commander of vessels and 
steamboats plying on the great lakes. While a 
stern disciplinarian, he always tem[>ered his 
judgn.ient with christian charity, and was held 
ui> as an example to those who came after him. 



Judge Ruggles, one of the i)ioncer justices of 
the Western Reserve, was a man of unusual 
parts, whose wise and calm administration of 
affairs made his name a synonym for justice 
and e<iuity. A strong Aliolitionlst, he gave his 
energies to the forwarding of that cause, and 
had a [lowerful inlluence in shaping sentiment 
over a wide section. Captain and Mrs. Mc- 
Knight became the i);i rents of a son, Sauford C, 
a young man of more than ordinary calibre, 
whose devotion to his parents gave added value 
to their lives. 

Captain McKnight. after a life filled with 
useful dee<ls and Idndly charities, died on April 
0, 1010, and his loss was felt by 'his community 
in no light degree. He had so identified him- 
self with its growth that many depended upon 
his action and advice, and in his pas.sing, the 
peo[il ■ ho knew and honored him. felt a per- 
sonal .-os that was demonstrated in many ways. 



LEWIS M. SMITH. 



The wonderful growth of realtj- values in 
Chicago during the early 'eighties brought to 
the forefront a class of men who for general 
ability, astuteness and driving force have been 
unsurpassed iu the aunaU of tiade in this coun- 
try. It is well to say that conditions develop 
men, but it is better to say that men bring 
about conditions. Chicago owes what it is to 
the men who have had the courage to persevere, 
to act wisely and to keep their operations clean 
in one of tlie most diflieult fields of endeavor. 
Kach section of the city can boast of a business 
man who has been practically its builder, and 
on the South Side the name of Lewis M. Smith 
is nearly as familiar as the i)rovcrbial house- 
hold word. More than thirty years ago he 
embarked in a business that returneil him some- 
thing more than twenty-si.\- dollars a mouth for 
his labors; today, the firm of L. .M. Smith & 
Brother is probably second to none in Chicago 
in the amount of business handled in a year. 
Mr. Smith came to Chicago and found a prolific 
field; yet it was not so prolific that had he 
been other than steadfast in his faith, firm in 
his convictions and courageous in the time of 
trials, he would have sunk into oblivion witli 
the mediocre men who form the vast majority 
that are clashed as failures— the losers in the 
battle of life. In his case, conditions of their 
own accord did not favor him; ho made them 
what he wished them to be. 



Jlr. Smith is a .^' -igander, born at Adrian, 
August 2fl, 1S.V., a . ii of Martin M. and Ann 
(Stevens) Suiith. the former a native of Con- 
necticut and the latter of Glasgow, Scotland. 
The materi'a! gi-andrnthe*", James Stevens, emi- 
grated to America during the latter 'thirties 
and took up his residence in Connecticut, figur- 
ing for many years as a prominent merchant 
and financier of that State. During the early 
'fortie.s, the paternal grandfather, Calvin 
Smith, moved to Michigan, eudgrating from 
Connecticut overland tlirougli New York, via 
the Erie Canal, and driving an ox-team from 
Detroit to a f.irm wlii. h he purchased near 
Mount Clemens. Here he engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits and became one of the weJl-to-do 
ami iulluential citizens of his county. His 
deatii occurred dnrin;; the early 'fifties, while 
ills wife survived him until 1S72. having main- 
tained her residence on the old homestead. The 
old farm of 14."i acres is still owned by Mr. 
Smith of this review. Both families were 
prominent in the colonial epoch of this country 
and were intelligent, earnest and honest people, 
ever ready to do their part in tlie world's work 
of civilization and progress, (.'ahin Smith was 
a soldier in the War of 1.^12, and bis father, 
Thuid Sn;ith. in the Revolutionary war. The 
maternal am estors were also patriots to the 
cause of freedoju and took an active part in the 
Revolution. On boih sides of the family Mr. 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



SiiiitU"s ancestors possessed unusual nieehauioal 
ahllity. Martin M. Smith, tUe fattier of Lewis 
M. Smith, invented the coil sprinsj; and made 
and installed the Hrst springs usetl on railroad 
and street cars. Thi.s sprins is placed in the 
truck above the journal to relieve the jar of 
the coach and is now in general use all over 
the world. Martin M. Sndth enlisted in the 
Civil war, but was shortly thereafter dis 
charged on account of disability. He died in 
ISiiT and his wife passed away in Chicago about 
ten years later. They were the parents of four 
sous : Calvin S., for many years president of 
the I'eiin Mutual Life Insurance Company, at 
Chicago; Lewis M. ; f'rank M., who is associ- 
ated with his brother in the real estate busi- 
ness ; and I'red C, president of the Royal Enam- 
eling and Stamping Works, at Des Tlaines. 

Lewis -M. Smith received his early education 
In the pulilic schools and iirepared for the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, but on account of ill heallh 
in the family did not enter college. lie went 
to Minnesota and engaged in teaching school 
during the winter of lSSO-1, but the call of the 
city proved too strong to be resisted and he 
came to Chicago and engaged In the real estate 
business at Oakland square and Thirty-ninth 
street, v.i'.ere he has since continued. He has 
occupied his present oflice for twenty-two years 
and is now at the head of one of the most 
flourishing real estate concerns in the cit.v. lu 
the spring of 1S.SC his brother, Frank IM., be- 
came a.ssociatod with him, and thus was 
founded the firm of L. M. Smith & Brother. 
They devote their attentiou almost exclusively 
to residence proi>erty, but have done some 
buildiug. Mr. Smith is the author of the reform 
in leasing to tenants during any month of the 
year or during any period of time. He was the 
first Soiitli Side man to open a local renting 



agency, p'-o..;|,e..tive tenants having been previ- 
ously obliged, at a great inconvenience, to go 
to down-town olnces for information. The firm 
of L. JI. Smith & Brother holds nienil)ership 
in the Chicago Ue.il Kstuto r.oiird and is always 
prominent in iMovemi-vitf seeking to promote 
the interests of proiwvt.v 'iwirrs. 

Ou January i. 1S,SS, .\ir. Smith was married 
to M,!?s Mai-;- I'ettllK)ne, a i:H-ii/i.i>r "f an early 
Michigan fannly. One >,>n was iiorn to this 
union: Lewis Pettiliojie .Smitl;. now a student 
of riia elementary dfpartn:eiit of the Iniversity 
of Chic."igo. 

A sp'endid iy;.o of th- alort, enterprising 
man whose rec-or.l is i.r'xif th it success is ambi- 
tion's answer, Mr. SnUtli has figured promi- 
nently in tlie interests of his a<lopted cit.v. He 
is a Republican in his iiolitical afliliations, and, 
altiiough he has nevei aspii'od to public ofiice, 
has shov.ii an active interest in the success of 
his party. In lS.S-1 he was secretary of the old 
Oakland Repul'lican < lub. during lilaine's cam- 
paign, rhe largest orgaiar-ratior. of the kind in 
the State, and was associateil with such men 
as General Torrence, L. II. P.isby, Hon. R. W. 
Durhtini, John R. Bensley. Jnnies R. Mann, 
E. W. Hale, William H. Rand and other old 
Hyde Park citizeu.s. Mr. Smith is a member 
of the .Masonic frarernUy. iipiug cuuiiectcd vvitU 
the Bl'.ie Lodge, Chapter. Comniandery and 
Shrine. He also holds membership in the Chi- 
cago Athletic Club, the Bankers Club and the 
Midlothian Country Club. Clear-sighted and 
energetic- in business, Mr. Snnth has never 
failed in his allegiance to Chicago. .V generous 
contributor to worthy objects, a faithful and 
loyal friend to measures of a public nature and 
a man whoso roconl stands today without stain 
or blemish, Mr. Smith is eminently worthy of 
his name of representative citizen. 



BENJx\MIN FRANKLIX BERKIAX. 



Life seems to shower upon some men distinc- 
tion of magnitude, and yet it is but seldom that 
such honoi-s come to the nndes'.rving. A man 
must be worthy before he is singled oul from 
his associates for advancement, and he is re- 
quired to maintain that same high standard to 
retain what he has already gained. Especially 
is this true with reference to those promotions 
on the Ijench. Before a njan can attain to a 
judgeship, he must have given years to study 
and training, as well as to successful practice 
at the bar. In addition, he must show that he 



is qualified by natural ability for the serious 
duties pertaining to snch an honored otiice. 
When he is thus elevate<l, his appointment con- 
fers a distinction that he rct^iius as long as 
he lives, for it is the hallmark of his dignified 
capability. Such a man was the late Judge 
Bcnjaniin Franklin Berriau of Quiucy, who for 
years was one of the leading attorneys of that 
city, and I'roli.-ite and Ccunty Judge of Adams 
County, 111. He was l.oru iu New York City, 
October 'J. l^:!ii, a .son of George W. and Han- 
nah (Uniwer) I'-erriau. 



810 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLLVOIS. 



In ISIS, George W. Berrian, with au uucle, 
made a trip overland to western Illinois, and 
there made the acquaintance of John Wood, 
the tirst settler and final founder of the city 
of Quincy, who hiter was distinLniished as Gov- 
ernor of the State of Illinois. Mr. Bi-rriau 
was deeply impressed by the new cou;itry, and 
a year later, he demonstrated his faith In it hy 
purchasing a quarter section of land in what 
later became the northern portion of Quincy, 
now known as the Primrose Addition. It was 
platted by Judge Berrian, and what is called 
Berrian Park was donated by him to the city. 

The Berrian family came west in 1.S44, and 
settled at Quincy. At that time. Judge Berrian 
was fourteen years old, and the youngest of 
the family of three sons, namely : George W., 
Jr., who died in 1S9S; William, who died in 
180(5, leaving two children living in the East, 
and Judge ISerrian. . Growing up in the new 
community in which his parents had elected to 
live, Jud.w Berrian developed with it, and 
his actions inlUier.eed local history. He was 
one of the first aldermen to repri?sent the 
Fourth Ward of Utah City in lSu7, and was re- 
elected in ISoS and in ISGO, and in ISOO was 
tnade its chief executive head. During his ad- 
ministration as mayor, ho introduced many re- 
forms, including cash payments for city ex- 
penses instead of vouchers, which custom had 
prevailed. AVhile discharging the duties of 
these offices. Judge Berrian studied law, in the 
office of Wheat and llarcy, was admitted to 
practice and in l.STG was elected county judge, 
with Probate jurisdiction, holding that impor- 
tant oilice for seventeen years. Possessing as 
he did the true judicial mind, he made his de- 
cisions fearlessly and creditably, and seldom 
had an appeal sustained against any of them. 
His legal lore was profound, and he added to 
his professional learning, a deep insight into 
human nature, a broad comprehension of the 
requirements of the times and took a pride in 
keeping abreast of them. 

Judge Berrian was twice married, first to 
Miss Charlotte Elliott, who died May 20, 1>-G;{, 
leaving three children : John G., Hannah M., 
now the wife of Lyman JlcCore, present county 
judge of Adams County, and Benjamin F., Jr., 
all of Quincy. On January 2S, ISOs, Judge Ber- 
rian was married (second) to Genevra Nance, 
born December 11, lS-14, daughter of Cleinont 



and Permelia (Watson) Xance. One son, Clem- 
ent N. Berrian, was born October IS, 1SS3, and 
died October 2.", 1011. A full sketch of this 
young man will appear elsewhere in this work. 
Judge Berrian was connected with the Masonic 
fraternity, having attjilned to the Knight Tem- 
plar degree. In politics he was a Democrat, 
and always gave hi.s party loyal service. In 
religious views he was a Unitarian. His death 
occurred July 15, I'JU, as the result of a sud- 
den attack of heart disease. He was with his 
son, Benjamin F., Jr., taking measurements of 
some land near his home, wliich he had just 
sold, when lie was stricken down. His death 
came as a shock to the community, and was 
deeply deplored by his countless friends. Hard- 
ly had his family realized their loss, when an- 
other member was taken away, the son and 
brother, Clement N. 

During the many years lie was associated 
with Quincy, Judge Berrian always had its 
interests at heart, and could be depended upon 
to give sound advice, as well as material aid 
to those movements which were designed to 
prove of benefit to the majority. In platting 
Primrose Addition, Judge Berrian opened up 
new territory, and encouraged the location there 
of first class peoiile by giving them the beauti- 
ful little p;irk liiai beaia his iiame. His services 
as a public otliclal were valuable, and he ren- 
dered them as a duty he owed his citizenship. 
With his associates, both at the bar and on the 
bench. Judge Berrian was a favorite, for he 
always was willing to assist professionally those 
less fortunate than himself, and also gave them 
his ready sympathy and cordial good will. 

His last days were overshadowed by an af- 
fliction which fell upon his idolized youngest 
son, but with true Christian fortitude, he shoul- 
dered the burden, and endeavored to render 
the load lighter for the other members of the 
family, especially his wife, whose life was 
desolated by the trouble. Now that both 
husband and son have been taken away, Mrs. 
Berrian with fortitude bows to the Divine Will, 
and takes comfort in the memory of the blame- 
less life and distinguished record of her hus- 
band, and knows that she shares with thousands 
who profited by his kindness of heart and abil- 
ity as a lawyer, while the thought that as a 
judge, he threw about her and those of the 
coramunit.v, the protection of the law as he in- 
terpreted it, must be gratifyiuL-. 



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HISTORICAL EN'CYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



811 



CLEMENT NAXCE BERRIAX. 



When the Angel of I>eath spreads his sable 
wins^ over a houi^ehold, takinf; away a loved 
nicmlier, deep sorrov\- results, and it is ditlicult 
to understand the workings of Divine Provi- 
dence, especiallj- when a young life is cut 
short. In the course of nature, the old pass 
away. They have lived out their lives, 
exiK'rienred their share of joy and trou- 
ble, and are ready for the last change. 'Wheu 
a young man, in the very tlower of life, is 
stricken down, something appears to be wrong 
with the universe. The late Clement Xance 
Eerrian, of Quincy, was just twenty-eight years 
old when he was taken from the midst of his 
family, and the wound made by his leaving will 
never entirely heal. Time mercifully touches 
with soothing fingers, else life would not be 
endurable. 

Mr. Berrian was born in Quincy, 111., Octo- 
ber IS, 1SS3, a son of Benjamin F. and Genevra 
(Xance) Berrian. He died in this city, October 
2."p, 1911. The preliminary educational training 
of Mr. Berrian was secured as a pupil in the 
>Iis>es Dean school at Quincy, and he devel- 
filrt.-d Into a bright youth, with brilliant promi.-^e. 
V.'ljon o;-ly nineteen years old he was prepared 
ftir (utrance upon a course at Leland Stanford 
lniver.-.Ity of California, and was looking for- 
ward to it with the pleasure a studious youth 
naturally would e.xperience, when he was 
stricken with a disease which lasted for years, 
finally cutting short bis life. Mr. Berrian had 
tuberculosis of the spine, and for much of the 
time he was entirely helpless, dependent upon 
the care of a faithful nurse. 

In the majority of cases, such an aflliction 
would have turned even a naturally cheerful 
disposition gloomy, but not so with Mr. Berrian. 
In the midst of agonizing suffering, he never 



lost that happy outlook on life which was so 
characteristic of hlui, and ever had a pleasant 
word for those who canje to see him. For nine 
years, he lived under the heavy clouj of af- 
fliction, and yet the sunshine of his beautiful 
nature shone forth and illuminated the dark 
places for those who loved him. Ever practic- 
ing rigid self-control, his sufferings were scarce- 
ly realized e.Kcept by his physician and nurse, for 
he hid his agony, and turned a smiling face to his 
world. As he grew older, Mr. Berrian began 
to have that keen insight into human nature 
th.'U often characterizes those similarly atllicted, 
and in his case he put his powers to good use. 
Never as happy as when ministering to others, 
he came in time to be the c-onfidant of those 
of his former associates, who in the midst of 
their activities had but little time to under- 
stand others or even themselves, so came to him 
for !td\ico and comfort. His sympathy was 
broad and his tenderness boundless. Xo won- 
der tiiat he was beloved by all who knew him. 
The memory of the affection all displayed at his 
funeral will be a source of comfort to his be- 
re.ived family, who, although recognizing the 
fact that his death must have been a happy re- 
lease, still sorrow tor him unceasingly. 

Clement Xaace Berrian was not permitted 
to be a power in the outside world. Xo great 
deeds of valor are Inscribed against his name 
in the archives of the world's history, but his 
name and memory will live in the hearts of his 
friends, and the influence of his beautiful life 
will spread over a constantly widening terri- 
tory. Such an influence is never lost, but 
extends on and on over the surface of the sea 
of life until it reaches the horizon which di- 
vides liiimauity from divinity. 



EDWARD LESTER BREWSTER. 



No history of Illinois and its prominent men 
contains a name more worthy than that of the 
late Edward Lester Brewster, for during many 
years he proved himself a man of financial 
genius, of high business ethics and human un- 
derstanding, and never failed to do his full 
duty as an individual and citizen. Although 
more than three years liave passed away since 
Mr. Brewster was called from the scene of life, 
he lives in the memory of his many friends 
as a high type of American citizen. He started 



out in life without much assistance from the 
outside, but through his ability and determina- 
tion to succeed, rose to prominence and well 
deserved prosperity. 

Edward Lester Brewster was born at Brock- 
port, Monroe County, X. Y., June 22, 1842, and 
was a lineal descendant of Elder William 
Brewster, who was one of the leaders of those • 
who sailed for the Xew World In the May- 
tii'wer. and. as elder in the church, encouraged 
his fellow colonists at Blymouth both by his 



812 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Iireaching ami exam[)le. The late Kclward Les- 
ter Brewster was a desL-eudaut iu the tentli 
generation, the record being as follows: Wil- 
liam Brewster, born at Scrooby, England, in 
loCO, died in 3044. Jonathan Itrewster, eldest 
son of William, born in lobo, died in li'.."i!). 
Benjamin Brewster, sou of Jonathan, born in 
1C21, died in 1705. Jonathan Brewster, son of 
Benjamin, was born in 1G<!4. Joseph Brewster, 
son of Jonathan, was born in lU'JS. Simon 
Brewster, son of Joseph, born iu 1720. died 
April S, ISOl. Simon Brewster, Jr., or 2ud, son 
of Simon, born May 1, 17")!, died July 27, IS-tl. 
On December 20, 1770, he married Jleuitabel 
Belcher, and their second child, Henry Brew- 
ster, was born June 2S, 1774, and died March 
7, ISoS. On December S, 1790, Heiny Brew- 
ster married Rebecca Lestrr, and their tifth 
child, Frederick William Brewster, was bom 
January 5, 1S07, and died February 13, ISilO. 
On October 2, 1S33, he married Caroline S. 
Smith. His second marriage took place July 
10, 1S41, to Janette Downs Tyler, and they 
• had one son, Edward Lester Brewster. Hon. 
Henry Brewster, the grandfather of the late 
Edward Lester Brewster, was a distinguished 
jurist and for many years a presiding judge in 
Genesee County, Is'. Y. Mr. Brewster's parents 
were bt'rn in the state of New York. 

The boyhood of Edward Lester Brewster was 
spent in his native place, where he attended 
the public schools and a collegiate institute 
which flourished at that time, but when he 
was fifteen years old he began clerking iu a 
dry goods store. After a year he left his na- 
tive village and, although but si.Kteen years old. 
secured a clerkship witli the largest insurance 
agency at Buffalo. The two succeeding years 
he speut in that city were of profit to him, for 
he gained an excellent knowledge of business 
methods through Ids office duties, and attended 
a connuercial college at night. So well qtiali- 
fied did he become that he found no dilHculty 
in obtaining employment upon his arrival in 
Chicago, in Xovember, isco. His first engage- 
ment was in the banking bouse of Edward I. 
Tinkham & Company, and from that day on 
Mr. Brewster was either directly or indirectly 
identified with the banking interests of Chi- 
cago. During the eight years following the 
discontinuance of the above mentioned house, 
Mr. Brewster was variously eniploy..>d, first as 
a money broker, next in the service of the 
Galena & Chicago L'nion Railroad Company 
prior to its consolidation with the Chicago & 



^■orth^^estern Hailroad Company; then as con- 
fidential cierk iu the Third National Bank, 
where he remaiued two years. Id January, 
litis, in connectiou with Samuel V. Farring- 
ton, Mr. Brewster established the whole.sale 
LTocei-y house of Furrir.gton & Brewster, at 
the corner of Dearborn and .«outh Water 
streets. This business was suc-ussfuUy carried 
on and, although heavy Io.,ers in the great 
fire of jS'l, the firm p;.;d every dollar of their 
obligations at niaturily and continued in busi- 
ness as ticfore. On July 1, 1872, Mr. Brewster 
retired from tlio firm to engage iu a general 
bankitig and brtikpr,:!;.. i.nsiness. which, from 
his early trainii,- and his personal taste for 
financiering, he found more in the line of his 
anibilien than merchandisin:r. He esta!)lished 
the firm of AVronn & Brewster on Wabash ave- 
nue, in tIjQ vicinity of Congress street, but- in 
the spring of isr;'. removal was made to Xo. 9e} 
Washington street. This new venture proved 
profUabie to Mr. Brewster, and greatly to his 
credit be it said that the firm successfully 
weathered the great financial panic of that 
.vear. and remained in active existence until 
January, 4s7(;, when it was dissolved. Mr. 
Brewster iunuediately opened a new oflice at 
Xo. 101 Washington street, and continued alone 
in the same line of business. His operations 
iucrear-i'd niiiidly and he soon found it neces- 
>ary to estal'lisli himself in more commodious 
quarters, which ho found at Xo. 104 Washing- 
ton street. I-'rom tlien on he grew in public 
favor as a judicious and thoroughly reliable 
finaiicii r. l'ros[)erity came to him as a nat- 
iinil sdiiience, .so that he was enabled to ab- 
sorb the Chicago business of the house of 
Wyinie & Day of New York (successors to A. 
O. Slaughter), bank.-rs, in 1S.S3. Charles 0. 
Yoe, who had been a trusted employe of Mr. 
Brewster for a iieriod of years, was now taken 
into partnershii) under the firm name of Ed- 
ward L. Brew.-ter & Comiiany, which continued 
as such from that time on. The firm remained 
in tlie Grannis Block, to which they had re- 
moved on the purch.-ise of Wynne & Da.v's busi- 
ness, initil it was destroyed by fire, February 
li). l.sN.'i. when they took new premises at the 
corner of Dearliorn and Washington streets. 
When the new Board of Trade building was 
completed Mr. Brewster, recognizing the shift- 
ing of the business center, established a branch 
office by two jirivate wires, thus securing means 
of instantaneous and absolutely private com- 
mnnii-ations lietween the two ofilces. He was 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



813 



an iuUiiential member of tbe IJoard of Trade 
from, li>73, aud also of the New York Stock 
i;\fhaij;,'e from ISSl, aud was one of the priu- 
illial projectors aud charter members of the 
Cbii'ugo Stock Exchauge, wbicli has now be- 
come ouo of the very importaut iustitutions of 
the city. Mr. Brewster was for many years 
u member of the goveruiug committee aud ex- 
ercised an important influence in shaping tlie 
jKilicy <if tlie exchange, and was at oue time its 
jircsldent. He was a stockholder in many of 
Its large enterprises, banks and corporations 
In and about Chicago, but uniformly declined 
a place in the directory of any. except the Chi- 
cago Edison Company, and its successor, the 
Commonwealth Edison Company, which stock 
Is owned by many of the wealthiest men in 
the city, of which he was a director from the 
organization of the company until his death. 
It generates and sells electricity for power and 
lighting throughout the city of Chicago, and 
Is the largest electric-lighting corporation iu 
the world, representing a capital of more than 
seventy million dollars. 

The offices of Edward L. Brewster & Com- 
ji.'iny. when ou the corner of Dearborn and 
Miiiiroe streets, were, perhaps, the most com- 
|i!«-te 11. r.rrar.gcinent and olejinnt in appoint- 
menls of ni\y in tbe city, and there, during 
the busy hiinrs of the day, many of the richest 
111.'! nio^l influential men were in consultation 
with Mr. Brewster concerning their various 
interests entrusted to his management in the 
monetary markets of the world. In 1801 the 
oflices were moved to the Home Insurance 
Building, but since 1900, have been maintained 
at their present location, in tlie Merchants 
Loan and Trust Building, where they have spa- 
cious and commodious quarters not excelled 
by any in the city. Tbe members of the firm 
enjoy a world-wide reputation for honesty and 
straightforward business dealings and at tbe 
present time their clientage is one of the mo=t 
extensive and hichest class in Chicago. Mr. 
Brewster's reputatiou for honorable dealing and 
business sagacity brought to him the patronage 
and friendsbiii of many of the afHuent and 
most influential men in Chicago. Outside of 
his business cares he enjoyed the pleasure of 



siK-lal relationships, and his name was found 
in the membership of the Chicago, Calumet. 
Union and Washington Bark clubs, and the 
Chicago Athletic Association. He was also a 
meuiber of tbe Union League and iletropolitan 
clutis of New York City. From time to time he 
indulged in travel, visiting the leading centers 
of interest in i:urope. Iu July, 1004, upon Mr. 
Brewster's r.'tirement from active business, the 
firm was succeeded by Kussell. Brewster & Com- 
pany. Edward I', ilussell was admitted into 
the old firm in ISOC. and Walter S. Brewster 
in 1S09, while C. L. Beniston joined the new 
firm in 1007. 

Ou November 12, 1SC6, Jlr. Brewster was 
married to Miss Mary, daughter of Hiram Niles 
of Buffalo, N. Y., and they became the parents 
of six children, of whom only two. a son and 
daugliter, are now living: Walter Stanton and 
Pauline. Mrs. Brewster still maintains her 
home in Chicago and is well known in social 
circles. She takes an active and helpful part 
in charitable work, and is a lady of great refine- 
ment. Ilor friends are as numerous as her ac- 
nuaintancos. and they entertain for her tbe 
warmest regard, .\lthough quiet and unosten- 
tatious in manner, Mr. Brewster had many 
warm friends, and those who knew him well 
could not help but recognize in nim a man of 
earnest i>urpose and progressive principles. He 
was widely known as a man of substantial 
worth, who^e judgment was sound and sagacity 
clear. Few men of the country were better in- 
formed concerning the financial problems which 
are always an issue in the management of large 
interests. He always took a deep interest in 
Chicaso's v,elfare. never hesitating to advance 
or oppose a7!y measure or project which in his 
jiidirnient merited endorsement or opposition. 
His success was the logical sequence of tbe 
natural unfolding and developing of his native 
r^owers. Public-spirited and charitable, he fos- 
tered movements which in his judgment would 
work out for the betterment of humanity, and 
relieve the needy. His death, which occurred 
March 21, 1011. removed from Chicago one of 
its most admirable citizens. In his life were 
those elements which, when properly developed, 
give to a man's ago and country untold benefits. 



WALTER STANTOX BREWSTER. 



Chicago has long been distinguished for high 
rank in her banking and brokerage system, and 
in this field of activity the business here is 



represented by many men of high standinz and 
nation.'il prominence. Among the alert and en- 
terprising finanriers of this city, who, during 



814 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



the last eighteen years have utilized tlie oppor- 
tunities olTered for business preferment and 
attained thereby a notable success, and whose 
career is typic-al of modern pro^'ress and ad- 
vancement, is Walter Stanton Brewster, of tiie 
firm of IJiissell, Brewster and Com[pany, bankers 
and broilers. 

Mr. Brewster was born at P'vanston, III., Sei>- 
tember 4, li-72, a son of Edward Lester and 
Mary (Xiles.) Brewster, a siietch of whom will 
be found elsewhere in this worl;. He received 
his education at St. Paul's School of Concord, 
N. H., and Yale University, bein;:; graduated 
from the latter institution in 1S05 v.'ith the 
degree of A. B. In ISOG he entered the employ 
of his father, and in ISOO he was admitted to 
the firm, it then being Edward L. Brewster 
and Company, thousli succeeded in July, lOOl, 
by Russell, Brewster and Company. He is gov- 



ernor of the Chicago Stock Exchange, and a di- 
rector and chairman of tlie executive committee 
of tlie United Charities. He is a member of 
tl;e Ciiicago, University, Onwentsia, and Saddle 
and CT,-cle clulis of Chicago, anil the University 
and Yale clul)s of Xcw York city. 

xMr. Brewster was married at Chicago. Jan- 
uary 24, lt)0:>, to Miss Kate Lancaster, a daugh- 
ter of Eugene A. and Helen M. (Hutchinson) 
Lancaster, of Chicago, and to this union two 
children were born: Sarah and Edward L. 
Prominent in financial circles of the city, Mr. 
Brewster is looiied upon as a man of sound and 
discriminating judgment. He is interested in 
all that pertains to modern progress, and ad- 
vancement along material, intellectual and 
moral lines, au<l his charities e.^tend to many 
worthy enterprises. 



William Vaugu Moody, fwct, was born at 
Spencer, Ind., July 8, IsdO. He graduated at 
Harvard University in 1S0.3, and afterwards be- 
came an instructor in Eugiisli literature at the 
University of Chicago. He wrote several vol- 
nnips of poctrv of e:^ceptional merit, and was 



willia:\i yaug^" bloody. 

fWCt 



reckoned l>y a recent critic as among the hand- 
ful of genuine p>iets wljom America of later 
years may justly claim, and was by way of be- 
coming a dramatist of unusual ixiwer. He died 
at Colorado S]. rings, Colo., Octol^er 17, 1010, at 
the earlv age of forty-one years. 



EDWIN HARTLEY PRATT. 



The physician of tiMlay not only is a trained 
man wliose every faculty has been brought to 
the highest perfection, but tie is also one whose 
vast experience with in'ople and affairs en- 
ables him to act with the etliciency of a really 
first-rate man, and to energize all those with 
whom he comes in contact. He does not work 
for .spectacular results, but sane, sound prog- 
ress, not only in his profession but in other 
directions. To him, and his associates, belongs 
the credit for practically all the advancement 
made in civic sanitation and tlie obliteration of 
many dread diseases which formerly were 
deemed Incurable. Through the scientific dis- 
coveries of the medical jirofession, such scourges 
to mankind as yellow fever, tuberculosis, 
typhoid, malaria, and various functional dis- 
orders, have been brought under intelligent con- 
trol, and the day is certainly not far distant 
when cancer, and other maladies of like order, 
will he understood and easily cured. Such re- 
sults have come from aggressive and self-sac- 
rificing labor, not only on the part of the few 
who come into public notice, but tlie [irofesslon 



as a whole, for no other band of men so truly 
work togetlier as do tlmse who are devoting 
them.selves to medical science. One of the men 
who stands high among the physicians and sur- 
geons of this class, is Dr. Edwin Hartley Pratt, 
of Chicago. 

Edwin Hartley Pratt was born at Towanda, 
Bradford County, I'a.. Novemlier B, 1S4!?, and 
is a son of Leonard I'ratt, M. D. and his wife, 
Betsey (Belding) Pratt, both of whom traced 
their ancestry to English origin. Dr. Leonard 
Pratt for many years a physician of note in 
Illinois, desired his son to enter his own pro- 
fession, and with this end In view, the youth 
was given an excellent elementary education, 
first attending a district school at Rock Creek, 
Carroll County, 111., then going for a year to 
Mount Carroll Seminary, and another year to 
Wheaton College. He then entered the second 
year of the preparatory department of tlie Chi- 
cago University, and subsequently completed his 
collegiate course there, being graduated in the 
class of 1S71. receiving his degree of A. >L Al- 
though he felt an iiiciiiiiition towards the law, 



niSTOKICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



815 



the jouug man yielded to Lis father's wishes, 
and entered Ilahueu:aiin jredic.U College, with 
which liis fatlier had been connected for many 
years. After heing graduated therefrom in 1S73, 
an valcilictorian of his cla.-s, Ur. Pratt was 
uiniointed demonstrator and adjunct professor 
of anatoujy of this college, hut before he ac- 
ceiittni, he did ijost-graduate worlc at Keeae's 
school of anatomy, and Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege of rhiladelphia, Ta. 

In lST-1, Dr. I'ratt was elected full professor 
of anatomy and demonstrator of anatomy of 
llahnemaim Medical College of Chiaigo, and 
continued in these positions until the spring 
term of 1677, when he accepted the anatomical 
chair in the Chicago Homeopathic Medical 
College, resigning in 1SS.3 to take the chair of 
isurgery. It was during his initial period of 
service with this well-known college that the 
members of the Homeopathic school were ad- 
mitted to the wards of the Cook County Hos- 
pital, and Dr. I'ratt was then elected a mem- 
ber of the attending surgical staff of the hos- 
pital. It was while handling the complicated 
nnd obscure cases of a college clinic, that Dr. 
I'ratt made a discovery which has at once 
marked an era in the treatment of chronic dis- 
(•a^< s iiiirl made his own name famous. Fov 
this dlM-(Pveiy iji ISSO the old Cliicago Univer- 
^lty conferred u|ion him the honorary degree of 
I.I* D. This new method of treatment, to 
wlilch Dr. I'ratt gave the name of orificial sur- 
pery, was pronounced a marvelous success, and 
the spread of tlie new idea brought so many 
Inquiries that he organized a class of his pro- 
fessional brethren in order to instruct them in 
this work. These classes became a permanent 
feature of Dr. Pratt's practice, and were held 
semi-annually for one week, during which time 
he publicly operated on the difficult cases that 
were brouglit before him. His treatment was 
so evidently beneficial that the Chicago Homeo- 



pathic College estulilished a chair in oriticial 
surgery, and this example lias been followed by 
sewral of the foremost medical colleges of the 
country. He is also the founder, publisher and 
editor-in-chief of the Journal of Orificial Sur- 
gery, to which he contributes a monthly series 
of articles ui)on this branch of surgical work. 

For several years Dr. Pratt was at the head 
of the Lincoln I'ark Sanitarium, an institution 
that he established in ISSO for the treaUnent 
of difficult and critical cases by the new i)hilos- 
ophy, and which has attracted patients from 
all parts of the country. He also conducted at 
a later date the I'ratt Sanitarium, on Diversey 
avenue, a suialler, although a well-known re- 
sort for the treatment of chronic diseases. As 
an example of the position held by Dr. Pratt in 
t!ie medical circles of the country, it may be 
said that he is an horforary member of tha Mis- 
souri State Metlical Society, the Ohio Medical 
Society, the Kentucky Medical Society, and the 
Southern Association of Physicians and Sur- 
geons and many other neighboring state organi- 
zations. He is an active member of the Illinois 
State Medical Society, the Chicago Academy 
of .Medicine and the American Institute of 
HomcHipathy. In addition, he is an honorary 
president of the American Association of Ori- 
ficial Surgeijus, one of the largest medical so 
cietics of the United States, and of which he is 
the only member to be thus distinguished. 

Socially he is a valued member of the Chicago 
Automobile, the Illinois Athletic and the Evaus- 
ton Century clubs. A pioneer in his si)ecial line, 
lie has accomiilished a wonderful work, laying 
foundati<^ns and making ready for the inevitable 
recognition throughout the world of the truths 
he has brouglit to the light, and long after his 
earthly career is ended, his name will be asso- 
ciated with his profession and those who come 
after him in it will profit by his genius and 
generosity. 



JAMES MESSEK JENKS. 



Recognized as the metropolis of the Middle- 
West, Chicago has for many years been accepted 
as one of the industrial centers of the world. 
Its geograiihical location and trade advantages 
make it undoubtedly the largest grain and 
produce market in the United States, if not of 
the civilized world, and its rapid growth and 
development along these and kindred lines, has 
been largely due to the ceaseless elforts of coiii- 
mlssion merchants who have devoted themsel'.es 



towards its advancement. They have also done 
valiant service in developing the large agri- 
cultural districts which look to Chicago as a 
market. Among the successful grain merchants 
of this city who during the past score of years 
have utilized the opportunities offered at Chi- 
cago for business progress, and thereby attained 
enviable i)rosperity, is James Messer Jenks 
whose record a.s an alert" and reliable operator 
in this field of activity ranks with the best. Tlie 



816 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



jiossibilities of surcessful att.iiiuiient constantly 
incite to the exercise of eni'ijjy and perseverance, 
and it is usually true tliat tliose who stand bi:j;h- 
est in public esteem are tlie men wlio have 
devoted their lives to deep study and close 
application and at the outset of life placed due 
valuation upon honor, iutei;rity and deterndna- 
tion. With these qualities as a capit.il, Jan:os 
Messer Jenks entered upon his business career 
and has won during' the years which have en- 
sued, a notable position anions his associates 
in the business and financial circles of Chicago. 
He started out as many other now prosperous 
men, with a determination to make his life a 
successful one. There is no better proof of 
a man's real worth and character than the 
oi)inion entertained for him liy his associates, 
for they Unow him as he is at heart. The salient 
features of the career of James Jlesser Jenks 
may be deduced from the fact that he is held 
in the same esteem !iy his business associates as 
by those with whom he is socially related. 

James Messer Jenks was born nt Crown Point, 
. N. Y., July 14, 1850. He is descended from 
Joseph Jenckes, a noted eusineer of AVales who 
came to America at the rei]uest of the first Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts to build the first fire 
enj;ine and apiiaratus for the city of Boston. 
Another member of the family was a dis- 
tinguished inventor and was one of the first to 
make application to the United States patent 
office, having invented a scythe for cutting hay. 
In time the orthography of the name underwent 
a change to its present form. Benjamin I,. 
Jenks, the fatlier of James M. ,Teid<s, was a 
native of Xew Hampshire, and was engaged in 
business in the east as a lumberman. Later he 
made his way to the center of the lumber dis- 
tricts of the Middle West, removing to St. Clair, 
Mich., in 1S"j(j. His death occurred at Fort 
Sanilac, Mich., about ISOS. He had married 
Amanda Messer, a native of Xew Hampshire, 
who was born at the old homestead of her family 
at North Sutton, granted to her ancestor. James 
Me.sser. and his brothers, by King George IT. 
of England. Mrs. Jeid^s long survived her hus- 
band, i)assing away atiout 1>^'X>. In a family of 
five children, James M. Jenks was the eldest. 
Three of these children .still survive, tieing : 
Prof. Jeremiah W. Jenks, professor of political 
economy, a noted writer and government agent ; 
Martin L., a grain merchant of Duluth. Jlinn. ; 
and James M. Those deceased are: Roliert H., 
a prominent lumberman of ('level. lud, dliio. died 
February 20, i;ni ; and Hester P., died June, 



i;ao. Prof. Jeremiah W. Jenks tiist taught In 
Illinois as professor of languages and literature 
at Mt. Morris College, at .Mt. .M.irris. during 
1S70, 18!>0 and ISbl. From is^r, to issi.i he was 
professor of political scieiuv an.l Fn-'lish litera- 
ture in the I'eoria High Scli.",|. and held tlie 
same chair at Kno.\ College, tJaUsliuig, 111., 
from ISSO to 18s;i. 

The public scIuxjIs of St. Clair. Jricli.. pro- 
vided James M. JenUs with his early educational' 
training, he attending them from the time he 
was six years old until he entered Pennacook 
Academy at Concord, X. H., but owing to his 
father's death was forced to leave school in 
180S, and begiu sufiporting himself. In order 
to do this, he entered the employ of Woods & 
Company, lumber manufacturers, at Fort Cres- 
cent, Mich., and atiout tliree years later he went 
into business for himself, assis'ting in establish- 
ing the firm of .1. Jenks & Co., general merchants 
and manufacturers at Sand Beach, now Harbor 
Beach, Mich., where he continued for ton years. 
M the expiration of that [icriod he tiirned his 
attention to handling grain at Port Huron. Mich., 
and has since continued to operate in this line. 
For three years he continued at Port Huron, 
when he went for an additional three years, 
to ilinr.eaiKiIis. In l<f>l he arrived at Chicago, 
and here organized his present firm which op- 
erates under the name of The Nye & Jenks Grain 
Company, continuing at the head of the Chicago 
office. James Bradley, another member of the 
firm, has al.so been associated with the active 
management for a number of years. The busi- 
ness shows a healthy and steady growth from 
year to year, and the firm is numbered amonS 
the leaders in this line at Chicago. .Mr. Jenks 
is a member of the Chicago Board of Trade, and 
also of Minneapolis, Duluth and -\ew York City. 

On July 20, 1S7S. James Messer Jenks and 
Nellie L. Neill were uniteil in marriage at Port 
.\nstin. Mich. She is a daughter of Captain 
Thomas Neill of the above mentioned city. Mr. 
and Mrs. Jenks have had one dau^diter — Max- 
well B., who marrieil Captain I'^aac Newell of 
the Twent.v-second United States Infantry, now 
detailed as tactical ollicer at West Point. Mr. 
Jenks is an indepen<leiit in iKjlitics, voting ac- 
cording to his conscience and judgment. His 
club afliliations are with the Illinois Athletic 
and the Union League. The family residence, at 
No. 'jl'.r, Deming place, is one of iiuiet elegance, 
and is often the scene of deli'-'htful social gather- 
ings, where a charming hos|iitality is dispensed. 
The personal acrjuaintance of Mr. Jenl;s is nee- 






,, , 4f^ 






•esf*- 






/ 



\ / 



Wii^^..s.::<uai. ^^ . Ji-^ . . ^ , t..i4<t g fe iuii£.^i^ rfift,»ifrnt,T-,n,'Hn.i ■^rftgSJ'.salnilSati&tt 



(^^^-'j'^^-^-^A 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



817 



airily n liir^'P oui'. f<ii- lie couies into contict 
nil iiit'ii i»f imti' fiiMii all over tlie couiiti'v. His 
,lri( i.f K'xxl fi-llowsliin lc:i(ls him to exert liiiu- 

.1 111 rcii'lt-riu- tliu lives of others bri-hter ami 



easier, and he is always foimd ready and will- 
in!.' to lend his efficient assistance to those 
measures whieh he believes will work out for 
tlie betteniii'iit uf the majority. 



\V^V1.TER COLYER. 



Wiillir (Ailyer, who is secretary and business 
ii;:inaL-.T of the .\lbi"ii Shale ISrifk Company, 
aud eii.ii:.'ed e\tciisi\uly also in fruit growins. 
was born in IMwards County, 111., July 10, IS.jt). 
II.' Is 11 son of William Colyer, born in Edwards 
I'ounty, in ls22, and a grandson of Edward 
C.ily.T. wlio was one of the original members 
<if tlie English Settlement, in the Illinois coun- 
try, having acconiiianied the Flower and Birk- 
b<Hk colonists from Surrey. England, to Ed- 
wards County in ISl?. From ISSO to 190r. he 
(levotcHl his time principally to journalism, edit- 
ing nn<l publishing successively the Albion 
Ni'ws, tlie Edwards County Xows, and the 
.Mblon Journal. In politics always a Ropub- 



licaii. he took an active interest in the affairs 
of the Illinois Kcimblicau Editorial Association, 
.•111(1 at the lU'publican national convention of 
ls9G assisted in writing the gold standard into 
the national Ifepublican platform; has toured 
old Mexieo ten times, has written many articles 
descriptive of that country and has land hold- 
ings in the Tampico valley. He is vitally in- 
terested in local and Illinois history and for a 
number of years has been a member of the board 
of directors of the Illinois State Historical So- 
ciety. In imo. together with other parties, he 
organized the .Vlbion Shale Brick Company, 
which operates with a paid capital of ?200,000. 



RUFUS BLANCHARD. 



?:iifiis r.lancliar.l, historian and cartographer. 
\.,.> l.orii al I.ytul..h,,ro. X. 11., March 7, 1S21, 
«•« ..f Ani.izlah and Mary (Damon) Blanchard. 
lie aii.-nde<l the aiademy at Ipswich, and also 
<4'iiiinitl i'lstructiou from private tutors, show- 
lri» a great fondness for books from his early 
%i.ii-s. ^Vhi!e still a youth he entered tlie estab- 
l!>h:iii'nt of Harper Brothers in New York, and 
there formed the acquaintance of many of the 
tilorary men of the time, among other.s, Benson 
.1. I.iissing, the historian. He was married, 
alumt IS.'.'!, to I'ermilla Farr, at Albany, N. Y., 
who was fatally injured a few hours after the 
marriage in a railway wreck; and in ISoS. to 
Annie Hall, at Buffalo, X. Y. While in New 
York he was, for a time, in the employ of the 



map hcii-e of the Coltons, then the largest 
establishment of its kind in the country. Mr. 
I'.lanchartl aiterwards removed to . ChiragOi 
where, in lS."i3, he opened a general book and 
map store at No. r)2 LaSalle street, which was 
later continued exclusively as a map making 
and publishing business. He made his home in 
Wheaton, a few miles west of Chicago, where 
he lived t!ic remainder of his life. In the gi-eat 
tire of 1S71, his place of business was destroyed 
together with the plates of many valuable maps. 
His works include: "A Historical Map of the 
United States," "Tlie History of the Northwest 
and Chicago,'' and many historical maps. He 
died at Wbeaton. January .?, i;»Oi, 



WILLIA^E RUSSEI.L LOCKWOOD. 



The late William Baissell Lockwood of 
Quincy was a man whose efforts were directed 
towards the improvement of the commercial life 
of his home city. He believed in the impor- 
tance and dignity of business life. Mr. Ixick- 
wo<xl was born in Quincy, .Tanuary 2S, 1S.">1, a 
son of William R. and Sarali (Vincent) E<ick- 
wood. Good blood flowed in the veins of Wil- 
liam Russell Lockwood, for his father. Col. 
Lockwood, was a son of David and Comfort 



(Russell) Lockwood. and was born at Smyrna, 
Del., February 24, ISlo. In August. 1S44, 
Col. Lockwood came to Quincy, and until the 
outbreak of the Civil war pursued a peaceful 
career in that city as a business man, engaged 
in handling harness and saddlery. Feeling 
that his services were required, he enlisted, 
and served as lieutenant-colonel of the Thirty- 
third Illinois Volunteer Infantry, remaining in 
the service until 1SG4, when on account of 



818 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



falling liealtli he wiis compelled to tender Uis 
resiguatioii. However, he was a man of aotlon, 
and in ISTG, when he was elected justice of 
the peace, he administered justice so Impar- 
tially that he was retained in ottice until his 
death, August 31, 1S92. His wife, who hore 
the maiden name of Sarah Vincent, was a 
native of Northumberland County, Pa., and a 
cousin of Bishop Joliu U. Vincent of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. She passed away 
August 10, ICMJO, leaving one sou to survive 
her, the other two being deceased. These sons 
were: Robert C, born April IS, ISIG, died at 
Denver, Col., March 7, 1S95; Vincent, born 
September 7, ISJs, died in childhood; and 
William Russell. 

Mr. Lockwood secured his preliminary edu- 
cational training in the schools of Quincy, fol- 
lowing this with a course at Erie, Pa., leaving 
.school when fifteen years of ago. From boy- 
hood, he was active in business life, and was 
associated with the firms of Kingsbury Broth- 
ers, George J. Metzgar and Brown and Pope 
of Quincy, during the years between ISGG and 
1S74. In the latter year, Mr. Lockwood became 
traveling salesman for the agricultural imple- 
ment firm of Pope & Baldwin. In 1S^^1, he 
became a paitnei in this concern, and when a 
year later, Mr. Baldwin died, the style became 
Pope, Lockwood & Co., which was c-ontinued 
until the business closed in 1S91. On June o, 
1S93, Mr. Lockwood became a director of the 
State Savings, Loan and Trust Company, and 
later its vice president, on April 15, 1S97, which 
office he held until he resigned. Too strenuous 
effort by this time had impaired Jlr. Lockwood's 
health, aud he went to Buffalo Lilhia Springs, 
of Virginia, hoping to receive some benefit, but 
was taken seriously ill before reaching his des- 
tination. After some months' sojourn at Old 
Point Comfort he returned to his home. A 
second attack prostrated him, in irK)!, and he 
was sent to Bad Xauheim, Germany, for 
treatment of heart disease. The treatment 
there afforded him temporary relief, and ho 



made two additional trips subsequently, one la 
1!W2, aud one in I'JCH*, but the troulde was too 
deep-seated for a cure to be effected, so that 
when in February, 1010, he was again pros- 
trattil, he could not rally, and death ensued, 
he passing away March G, 1910. Ills physicians 
attributed his immediate cause of death to a 
complication of heart disease, including hard- 
ening of the arteries. 

The first marriage of Mr. Lockwood occurred 
December 0, ISKi, wheu he was united with 
Ella Moffet. She bore him a son, Erasmus 
Moft'et, on May 5, ISSS, who died on July 31, 
of the same year. Mrs. XxKkwood died Feb- 
ruary 25, 1S97. The second marriage of Mr. 
Lockwood was to Miss Kate Wells, daughter 
of Edward and Mary B. (Evans) Wells. With 
the death of Mr. Lockwood, Quincy lost an 
honored citizen. He was a man of quiet, un- 
ostentatious manner, who accomplished much. 
Considering the st.\te of his health for so long 
prior to his demise. Although often suffering 
intensely, he hid his pain and stroie to malce 
others happy about him. A maa of keen busi- 
ness sagacity, he prospered, and yet at the same 
lime established a reputation for integrity and 
unflinching honesty o> purpose. His true 
worth was early recognized by his fellow citi- 
zens, who would doulitless have honored him by 
election to some resiionsible office, but he did 
not care to enter pulilic life. The example he 
set in bearing patiently the burden laid upon 
him by his failing health is well worth follow- 
ing by the younger generation. Unselfishness 
towards others is a wonderful developer of 
character, and Mr. Lockwood's was beauti- 
fully rounded out. and his memory is cherished 
by the many with whom he had business rela- 
tions as well as those who came closer to him 
in social intercourse. While no public works 
stand as a monument to him, much of the ad- 
vancement in commercial conditions in Quincy 
can be traced to his connection with the busi- 
ness life of the city. 



BENJAMIN REYNOLDS DE YOUNG. 



Varie<l interests directed with dignified capa- 
bility, coupled with a keen sense of duty in 
either war or peace, are characteristics which 
make not only for good citizenship, but also for 
successful and progressive advancement. Chi- 
cago affords any ambitious man an excellent 
field for his operations, aud in no line are there 



more openings than those connected with realty 
transactions. One of the.se typical Chicagoans 
of high merit and recognized worth is Capt. 
Benjamin Reynolds De Young. He was born at 
New York City, August IS. 1S43, a son of Ben- 
jamin and Emily (Warwick) Ue Young, who 
removed to Pennsylvania when Captain De 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOI- 



819 



Youn^ was a cbild, or In ],S4-1. Attendiug tlie 
[,ubllc scliools of that city, lie also learnt\l tbete 
the iprliiter's trade, and followed it until his 
oiillstiiiint for service in the Civil war, in 1S02, 
when Iw enrolled in the One Hundred and Foi'.r- 
tit'nth I'ennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and 
was stxin promoted to the rank of captain. He 
jMirtlclpated in the battles of Chaneellorsville. 
Kn-derlrksliur- and Gettysburg and many other 
hotly contested battles and siilrmlshes. After 
the war, Captain De Young came to Chicago, 
and in ISTO he was appointed quartermaster of 
till- I'liitod States army, which office he held for 
a year, bting stationed at Pembina, N. Dak., 
tlien resi^-ned his commission and returned to 
Chlca.TO. For some time thereafter he was con- 
nected with various insurance companies, and 
In l.s.s(> formed the firm of B. R. De Toung & 
Compel ny, real estate agents, of which he is the 
executive head, and has so continued to operate 
heavily in realty transactions in this city. In 
ISSS, he was selected by a large English syndi- 
cate of London to appraise the properties of 
breweries and elevators purchased by them in 
tlil.s c-ountry. Captain De Young has also been 
prominent politically as a Republican, as In 
l***^;. he was elected assessor of the South Town 
<.f Cblnivro, and was re-eleeteil three times iu 
.•((Mtvvli.n. He has also served on valuation 
cotumlttees of the real estate board, for he is one 
whctse business judgment is recognized, and his 
(IiH-lsimis regarded as sound and reliable. Cap- 
tain De Young was one of the organizers, in 



1S77, and .served as captain and major of the 
Sixth Illinois .National Guards. During the 
Columbian Ex[i^i.sltl('H l!\ 18'J3, he was a mem- 
ber of the flnancc committee. He belongs to 
Columbia I'ost, G. A. li., and to the Western 
Society of the Army of the I'otoniae. Socially 
he is a member of the Lnlon League Club. 

Captain De Youu^' -Ays married at Philadel- 
phia, Pa., to Miss Kilzabeth Farnou of that city, 
and they have had one daughter, Sadie, who is 
now Mrs. Arthur \'.'. I'.riutnall, of Glencoe, 111. 

The sut.stantial v.-orth of Captain De Young is 
uiiauestioncd, and his keen judgment and thor- 
ougli knowledge of real estate make him a valued 
member of any buiice.ss circ'e, and his advice 
is heeded. During the time that his country was 
in sore need of his services, he did not .shrink 
frcun what he regarded as his duty, but risked 
his iife and health, and continued in its service, 
duritig a part of the reconstruction period, out 
iu the bleak bills of D;iki>ta. Life has been full 
of experience for Captain De Young, and his 
career a noble one. His friends are numbered 
by le^'ions, and he has few if any enemies. 
Countless numbers have protited through his gen- 
erosity of b'th material assistance and sage 
advice, and luiless he knows that a party is 
utterly unv.'ortby, he never turns an applicant 
for help away euiptyhanded, and sometimes not 
even then. His lirm transacts an immense 
amount of business annually, upon the same 
basis and honorable policies of the executive 
head. 



FRANCIS ADAM SIEIJER. 



The medical profession is for mankind, and 
Its greatest problem is to secure honest and 
faithful performance of [irofessional obligation. 
Whatever may be the favorite line of profes- 
sional work, the physician cannot overlook the 
fact that he and his associates are a body of 
organized men laboring for the conmion good 
of humanity. Because so many of the most 
eminent of the world's physicians and surgeons 
recognize this, progress is constantly being 
made. The discoveries made by one are shared 
by all for the common good of humanity, and 
thus it has been that remedies have been dis- 
covered for so many of the diseases which were 
once declared incurable. One of the men who 
has added luster to their profession and to the 
city in which their activities have been centered 
is Dr. Francis Adam Sieber. He was born at 
Neisse, Silesia, Germany, March 2S, 1S41, a son 



of Paul and Frances (voa Peickcrt) Sieber. At- 
tending tlie College of Neisse and the Univer- 
sities of P>oun and P.reslau, all in Germany, 
Dr. Sieber was a well-educated man even prior 
to his service in the German-Danish war dur- 
ing 1SG4, and with Austria in LSOG. In the 
latter year, he left his native land for he be- 
lieved better opportunities would be afforded 
him in the United States than in Germany. 
Upon his .irrival in this country, he was for a 
time an assistant surgeon at Fort Barker, Kan., 
and then practiced his profession at New York 
C*ity, Leavenworth, Kan., Santa Fe, X. M., and 
since 18S2 has been in an active practice in 
Chicago. From 1ST4 to ISSO Dr. Sieber was 
county physician and coroner of Ellsworth 
County, Kan,, and was railroad surgeon for the 
Kansas Pacific Railroad, now the Union Pa- 
cific, from 1ST3 to 1S79. In 1S73 he was dis- 



820 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



eoverer and founder of lUe Siebor Serum Toxiu, 
a noted iind valuable specific In the treatment 
of blood diseases. lu lSb3, Dr. Sieber was grad- 
uated fi-oui Itush Medical College of Chicago, 
with the degree of M. D., and from 1:>S4 until 
it became the City of Lake View, he was health 
Commissioner of Lahe View. 

While at Santa Fe, X. M., Dr. Sieber was 
united in marriage with Miss Louise Crooks, 
and they became the parents of three children, 
namely : Agnes Isabella ; Paul, who died in in- 
fancy; and Frances May. l)r. Sieber is a man 



who has ever lived uii to high ideals in his pro- 
fession, and is now reaping the reward of his 
years of faithful service. Standing high among 
his associates, he earnestly strives to prove 
worthy of the great trust reposed in his skill 
and ability and the .success which atteuds his 
practice proves that the conlldence he inspires 
is well merited. Broad in his sympathies, ho 
has always given liberally to aid worthy chari- 
ties, and his support can be depended upon in 
the furtherance of njeasures he believes will 
work for the advancement of the majority. 



JAMES SKILES McCULLOUGII. 



Public preferment is not usually accorded a 
man unless he has merited it, for the people as 
a rule inquire into the life and qualifications of 
those whom they elevate to office, and especially 
is this true when the position in question is 
connected with the handling of public funds. 
The late James S. McCullough was a mau whose 
public and private life was without a stain. 
Faithful in the little things of life, he was able 
to discharge the duties of responsibility when 
the occasion arose, and he died as he had lived, 
a true, earnest and patriotic citizen. The scene 
of Mr. McCullougU's efforts vvas in and about 
L'rbaua, 111., but he was greater than his sur- 
roundings, and his fame spread far beyond the 
state, while his memory belongs to posterity. 

James S. McCullough was born at Mercers- 
burg, Franklin County, Pa., May 4, 1S4:'., and 
died June 22, 1914. lie was a son of Alexander 
W. and Elizabeth (Siler) McCullough. The 
father was born February 10, ISIO, in the same 
county as his son, and was there given a district 
school education. Until he left Pennsylvania 
for Illinois, in l.S.>4, Alexander W. McCullough 
worked as a teamster and blacksmith, but upon 
his arrival at Urbana, he settled upon a farm, 
where the rest of his life was spent. He and 
his wife had the following children : James S., 
born May 4, 184.3; Sarah Jane, born July C, 
1S4.-., died July 21, 18.!i2; Adelaide Chambers, 
born Juno S, 1S47 ; Ann Elizabeth, born August 
27, lS4!i; Frederick Frank, born March 0, ]S.-)2: 
Margaret, born October 11, 1S."4 ; Samuel AUiert 
Carl, born April l^i. IS.-?: IScnjamin T., bi.rn 
June 7. lSi:0; and John .*<., born Dcn'omber 5, 
1.S02. 

Reared at Urbana, James S. JlcCuUough ob- 
tained «liat educational advantages he could 
lu the public schools, but much of his education 
was self secured in after life. At the age of 



nineteen years, he enlisted for service during 
the Civil war, in Company G, Seventy-sixth 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and was detailed in 
the Department of tlie Mississippi "and the Gulf 
for three years, during that period taking part 
in the engagements at VieUsbnrg and about 
Mobile, Jackson, Benton, Jackson Cross Roads, 
Vaughn's Station and the Meridian campaign. 
It was during these operations, near the close 
of the war, on April 9, ISUo, that he was so 
badly wounded in the left arm at Fort Blakeley, 
near .Mobile, that amputation at the shoulder 
was -npcpssary. from the effects of grape shot. 
Therefore, wjien he returned liome after his 
final discharge, in July, ISO."), it was in a condi- 
tion that in anotlier would h.ive been a handicap, 
but with him was but an incentive to prove him- 
self able to meet and conquer any misfortune. 
Recognizing the necessity for further instruc- 
tion, he went to school at Urbana for a year, 
and for two years attended the Soldiers' School, 
at Fulton, III. Returning to T'rliima, he became a 
deputy in the otlice of the county clerk of Cham- 
paign County, and so continued until he was 
made county clerk in ls7:_;. and succeeded him- 
self in that otiice until IsOil, when he resigned 
to take ofiice as the Auditor of Public Accounts 
of the State. He was nominated by the Republi- 
cans, and was elected by a plurality of 138,000 
over his opponent. lie served four terms, being 
renominated in 1900 and 1904 by acclamation, 
and in 1908 by a large majority, and by suc- 
cessive elections he held this office until Janu- 
ary, 1013. a longer period than any of his pre- 
decessors. It is a somewhat remarkable fact 
that when he received his nomination for audi- 
tor, he was serving his sixth terra as county 
clerk, and met with no opposition, as had licen 
the ease upon each of the occasions wlien he had 



<»~ ^ ^, ~- V ^ , ^ 4^; g jj ^ ^ 



m=^^m^^^. 






■-^ 






t^as^m" 






at 



'S^^!^^^^/^ 



/- 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



exMjie l.efore the convention for nomination for 
county clerli. 

' On Ainil 2G, ISr.O, Mr. MeCulloinih was mar- 
ried to Mi.<s Celinda Ilarve.v, of Urliana. III., a 
dan^'hter of JIosis D. anil Olive (Towner) Har- 
vey. Moses D. Harvey wa.s born in Union 
County, Pa., November 27, 1S20, the family re- 
movin:; to Stark County, Ohio, in his infnnr-.v. 
He came to I'rbana, HI., in October, IS.TJ, and 
at Sidney, HI., married Olive Towner, who was 
born in Vigo County, Ind. They commenced 
housekeeping at X'rhaua, III., where they spent 
the greater part of their lives. Mr. Harvey was 
a carpenter and cabinetmaker during his active 
life and helped to build the first frame court- 
house and log jail of Champaign County, as well 
as many of the early residences of this locality. 
His death occurred February 4, ISOS, his wife 
dying October 10, 1003. Mr. and Mrs. Harvey 
had the following children : Izora, born Janu- 
ary 1, 1S44, at Urbana, 111.: Hufus Anderson, 
born August 30, 1S45 : Silas Mason, born Febru- 
ary 20, 1.S4S; Celinua, born March 31, 1S50; 
Clifton, born August 3, 1S.52; Charles Edward, 
born December 24, l.?.j4 ; Harriet Frances, born 
Jainiary 0, 1S57 ; 'U'iniam Towner, born October 
2r., 1S."0; Martha Elizabetli. boru Xoveinber 2, 
INOI; Celia Loretta, born March 14, ISW; and 
Harry, born December 11, ISCO. Jlr. and Mrs. 
M<('ullough became the parents of two children: 
I.eandor lycal, who married Martha ilcCauly, of 
Oliiey, 111., and they have a son. James Kichard ; 
and Jessie O., who married Charles H. Meyer, 
and they have two children, Husted and Edith. 
While it may well be said of Mr. McCullough 
that in his public life he won the esteem of a 
state-wido constituency and that his public and 
private life was without a stain, yet it remains 
to be further said that it was in his home circle 
and within the precincts of his immediate neigh- 
bors and among the people of Cham]iaign 
County, where his qualities and characteristics 



were best known and first appreciated, that he 
was most truly loved and trusted. There and 
amidst many of bis own age, who like him. were 
seeking success in life from a laborious ljoyho<xl 
on a new prairie farm, bo from early boyhood 
met and bravely overcame the disadvantages 
and obstacles incident to such surroundings. 
Farm life in Illinois since then has changed 
greatly and may not properly be compared. The 
fencing of the farm, the breaking of the prairie 
sod, in all of which he participated, and the 
scanty acc-ommodations of a. prairie shanty, 
which was his early home, do not commend 
themselves to seekers after an easy job ; but 
when earnestly followed with a purpose to win, 
as was the case with the boy in question, they 
do lay the foundations for sturdy character so 
essential to success in life. From this early 
training and with the solidity of a Scotch-Itish 
ancestry iMCk of hiui, Mr. McCullough came 
forth fully armed and won success. 

In August, 1S02, with many of his neighbors, 
among whom were his boy friends and associates 
of like mold and training, he entered the Union 
army, returning therefrom, as is above said, 
with l)Ut one arm. Unhesitatingly he at once 
set about preiiaring himself for what he could 
do as a clti/.en. Here his neighbors and friends, 
appreciating his efforts, put forth that assistance 
and support, which, well deserved, never failed 
him to the last. Most tender and marked were 
the love and sympathy which bound Mr. Mc- 
Cullough ti) his comrades of the Seventy-sixth 
Kegiment, fully reciprocated by them in return. 
Only a few days before falling under the fatal 
stroke which terminated his life, Mr. McCullough 
summoned such of the comrades of Company G 
as were within call, to his home, where, after 
the serving of a generous banquet, hours were 
spent in such soc'ial converse as such occasions 
invoke, but which in this case called forth tears 
as well as rejoicings. 



TPIOMAS C. BEIi^riXGHA^I. 



For many years Chicago has been the recog- 
nized center of the commercial Middle West, 
bein;; eminently fitted for such pre-eminence 
by its position with regard to the lakes and 
railroad systems. This supremacy, which is rec- 
ognized even In the old eastern cities, has been 
brought about and maintained by the aggressive 
business men who have chosen this city as the 
field of their operations, many of which are 
far-reaching in their results. Among the men 



heloii-ing to this very class of citizens was 
Thomas C. Uermingham, once president of the 
F.enaiiigliam & Seaman Company, wholesale 
paper merchants of Chicago, whose career was 
one tyiiical of the city's progressive spirit, and 
advanced commercialism. He was born on a 
farm in Washington County. Wis.. May 20, 
IS.'iO, a son of Thomas and Ann (Costello) 
r.ermingham. During his childhood he attended 
the public schools of Wisconsin, Init early be- 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



came s:oIf-.-~uiiii<jrtiiit.', aud wliou eighteen years 
old be^rau tlie battle of life ou Lis own account. 
There was no royal road to fortune iu his 
case, for he was essentially a self-made man In 
every respect. 

Having begun his business life in iSilS, as an 
office boy with the paper manufacturing firm 
of Davis, Lawrence & Davis, of iJeluit, Wis., 
Mr. Beruiingham early gained a thorough 
knowledge of the business, and steadily ad- 
vanced iu it, passing through successive posi- 
tions until he became a traveling salesman for 
the firm in ISTO, aud for two years ably repre- 
sented his hou.se upon the road. .Severing hi-j 
connections at that date with his Sr.'St employ- 
ers, he entered the employ of the J. W. Butler 
Pajier Company of Chicago, with which he re- 
mained for ten years. Later he went to Arap- . 
ahoe Count}', Colo., where, for the next dec- 
ade he was profitably employed in cattle rang- 
ing. Changes in conditions in the cattle coun- 
try caused him losses, aud he returned to Chi- 
cago in lSfj2. Although he had practically lost 
all he possessed, he did not permit this to dis- 
courage him, but, re-entering the paper trade, 
was in the employ of several wholesale houses 
until ISftO when he secured an interest in the 
wholesale paper house of 1''. K. Idoudj & Coa} 
pany. Iu rJ02, the business was reorganized 
under the name of Moody & Bermingham Com- 
pany, Mr. Bermingham becoming the president 
aud executive head. Two years later the name 
■was changed, becoming the Bermingham and 
Seaman Company. The company occupies an 
enviable position among siuiilar concerns of its 
kind in the country, and this was gained in 
large measure through the aggressive policy of 
Thomas C. Berjuingham and those with whom 
he was associated, in the above mentioned 
house. New ideas were constantly being intro- 
duced, and carried out, and in many instances 
Bermingham and Seaman C'luiipany leil the way 
in proving the advisability of advam'ed methods. 
As is but natural, Mr. Bcrmiir-'liani's former 



exi>eriences weic of great value to him iu his 
w.irk as the executl\:e head of this concern, and 
his excellent judgment aud knowledge of men 
and aftalrs were constantly being bruught into 
play. 

'Jhomas C. Bermingham was married (first) 
at I;ps Moines, Iowa, Octo!;er 0, ISM), to Miss 
Belie Daughcrty, >vho died January 5, 1012, 
without issue. Mr. Bermingham was married 
(second) March 2S, 1014, to Mrs. Glendora 
(Sc-ark'S) Xutter, the oldest, daughter of Har- 
low A. SoarJes, of Des Moine.s, Iowa. They had 
beer: married less tliau two months when Mr. 
Bermiiigham'i ■ier.th occurred. May 20, 191-i. 

In addition to his paper house, Mr. Bermiug- 
ham had other valuable interests, aud owned a 
large amouat of valuable realty. Although non- 
partisan in polities, his sympathies were in ac- 
cord with the views held by the progressive 
Rfcuublicans, or reform Democrats. He was a 
member of the Chicago Association of Com- 
merce and widely known iu this connection, as 
otherwise in the business circles of the country. 
Although a man of quiet, uuostentatious man- 
ner, he had many warm, personal friend.s, who 
knew and appreciated his earnest purpose and 
iidvaueed princiiiles. A mau of substantial 
worth whose judirment was sound and sagacity 
keen, he never sacrificed a safe conservatism to 
ambition, iu all his career wisely seeking ad- 
vancement on well established business prin- 
ciples. Few men of the country were better in- 
formed concerning the financial problems which 
a'-e iilways an issue in the management of large 
interests. Mr. Bermingham always took a deep 
interest iu the country's welfare, uever hesitat- 
ing to advocate or oppose any measure or proj- 
ect v.-hidi, in his judgment, merited endorse- 
ment or opposition. In short, to condense in a 
few words the character of Mr. Bermingham, 
he was interested in all that pertains to motlern 
advancement, autl was one of the level-headed, 
successful business men and tyiilcal citizens 
of Chicago. 



ALEXANDER CAMPBELL MANX. 



No more genial, better informed or diplomatic 
class of men can be found than those identi- 
fied with the sales departments of the larger 
mercantile and manuf.u turitiL; 1h. ikcs ; for the 
nature of their work di'imiu.lv that they be 
this, with its neces^,:i-y ai 'P'-'iint^ince with 
places, and with jicrsons of differing opinions 



lid tastes. .'Salesmanship is au art, involving 
u lutiiiiate knowledge of psyehologj', aud a 
lan's status as "one of the best" of salesmen, 
:uTies tlie implication of a wide-spread [lOpu- 
irlty, a cleverly trained mind, and a more 
lan ad<(inate maintenance. 
.Viexander Campbell Manu was born in .«;p!u- 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



823 



Inijiljile, Scotlnud, May 10, 1S4-1, a son of Hugh 
Mann liiul his wife, and was one of ten ohil- 
droii. Tlie parents remained, tlirouj-'liout tbeii' 
;ives. in their native country. Tiiree of the 
children lame to .Uuerica to nial;e their future 
house: Jnuies, who located at Einbro, Ontario, 
Oinada ; Koliert, who was first a merchant in 
Knibro, Out., and later became a farmer, liv 
In;; at ."^inicoe. Out. ; and Ale.xander Camjibel!, 
who came also to Embro, Out., and remained 
there for eleven years working in the diy 
HiKjds store owned and operated by his brother 
James. Tliese three brothers are all now de- 
ceased, as are all the other members of the 
family witli the e.\ception of Mrs. Hugh 
Murray, of Glasgow, Scothind. Alexander C. 
Mann came to Chicago in 1S71 to enter the 
employ of Field, Leiter & Co.. with which firm 
he remained for some time, retaining his posi- 
tion wlien it was later succeeded by Marshall 
Field & Co., and long before his death became 
one of the best and most widely known sales- 
men in the middle West, in the wholesale dry 
gmnls department. 

Alexander C. Mann married Sliss Alpina 
At:m's Fvazer, of Melbourne. Canada, on Ariril 
l^S, 1ST2. ^^he was a daughter of Kov. John 
Fni/'T, M. A., and Charlotte (MarUbam) 
Fni/er, t)otli originally of Scotland, who cnmo 
to Chicago in 1872, after a short residence in 



Melbourne, Canada. The Rev^ Frazer and his 
\^ife later returm d to Canada where the rest 
I'f their lives wer-' [mj-sed. i'our children were 
born to Mr. and Jlrs. .\!e.\ander C. JIann : Mrs. 
Archibald I'yntr, of Hoscon, Mass.; Miss Alexan- 
dria Mann, wh.. is living at h.ane ; Hugh C. Mann, 
who is a resident of Cliitr.go; and John J. 
Maun, who is in th& Ktute Auditor's office, at 
Springfield, and who. incidental to his work, 
is ^tuuyiu:; law. 

T'lioug'iuut his life, .Mr. .Mann was a strict 
and ec'riicst churcm.iiui, .-md was a member of 
the Sr .Muln-w-.s ."Society Church (Presbyterian) 
and a trustee "f the .John Crerar Memorial 
Church. Ic w:.s in his home life that Mr. 
Mann found his greatest enjoyment ; and those 
of his mere intimate friends viewed him as typi- 
_cal of ihe tnie .\merican man. Considerable 
property came into bis pos.session, it being some 
twenty-seven years since he built his spacious 
home in Chii-ago. He also owned land in Port- 
age, LaPrairie, Canada. In the later years of 
his !!fe, he v,as troubled with ISright's dLsease, 
and some few weeks prior to his death, went 
south to Ocean Springs, Miss., seeking an im- 
provement in health, but the hopes of his family 
were not rcalizLtl and he died there, December 
2G, IDll Not only his family and his employ- 
eis but also a host of friends deeply mourned 
his departure from life. 



JACOB HAISII. 



The Invention of barb wire and its successful 
manufacture gave an impetus to agricultural 
activities, and as a natural consequence to all 
lines of endeavor dependent upon the farmer 
and his products, which has never been cor- 
rectly appreciated or understood. Xaturally 
the first efforts of the inventor met with oppo- 
sition, for no good has ever been accomplished 
witliout carping from those too ignorant or dis- 
interested to comprehend the merit of a pro- 
posed change. While this opposition necessarily 
retarded tlie development of the business at 
first, the genius who is responsible for the in- 
vention and its world-wide use today, was not 
discouraged, but forged ahead, and now can lie 
justly proud of his courage and foresight. Re- 
alizing the need for an effective and cheap 
fencing, Jacob Flaish, to whom the world owes 
a great debt because he was the inventor of 
the barb wire, kept in close touch with those 
who had need of such a commodity, from l^'u 
to 1ST2, while he was a lumber merchant and 



building contractor. His active brain was on 
the alert to figure out some practicable method 
by means of which n less burdensome material 
could be furnished. At first he thought of plant- 
ing osage orange seed and weaving the ensuing 
growth into plain wire and board fences, using 
the thorns as a .s:ifeguard against the encroach- 
ment of stock. This idea i-ose doubtless from 
the fact that the osage hedges were so largely 
in use dtiring this period. Experience taught 
him that not only was this scheme impractica- 
ble, but tlKit others had been working along this 
same line. While regretting this check, Mr. 
Haisli did not discontinue his experiments and 
finally evolved what is known as the "S" barb, 
and transforming the second story of his car- 
penter shop into a barb wire factory, com- 
menced manufacturing. In order to turn out 
his invention, liowcver, this enterjirising genius 
found it necessary to invent a twisting device 
and a siiool. which is still used, and small hand 
machines for forming the straight wire into the 



824 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



fonii of the letter S. The wire was placed 
upon the market years before a patent was ap- 
plied to protect it. Others were working alon^' 
the same line, but Mr. Ilaish had the ri^'lit iilea 
and the eiier^iy to develop it, and hecame the 
leader and advance awnt of the new era in 
fencini.'. While ho has had imitators, the prin- 
ciples evolved by him have never' lieen chansied, 
but used on all subsefiuent machines, for it was 
his device that made barb wire a merchantal)le 
product. 

The first spool of barb wire shipiied to Cali- 
fornia he packed in a half-liarrel. as the rail- 
road companies refused to handle it unless the 
barbs were covered. A new ditSculty presented 
itself, hut Mr. Haisli proved etiual to it and 
sought to preserve his wires from rust liy jilac- 
in,^ paint in tron;,'hs in front of the twister, 
but, findin^^ that this would not work out suc- 
cessfully, eventually secured a varnish which 
has continued very satisfactory. Many false 
claimants arose, but Mr. Haish succeeded in 
hoUtinj; to his invention, and reaped accordingly. 
As he has himself stated, the followim; sum- 
mary si^es concisely what he has acconipli.<hed : 
"The 'S' barb was my invention and the tirst 
practical and commercially successful barb wire 
introduced. One of my eai'Iy patents shows the 
first iron post for field fence with a .section of 
woven wire. I had in oper;ition the first twist- 
ing and siX)oling device. I sent out to the trade 
the first wooden spool on which barb wire is 
wound, no change since. I secured the tirst dip- 
ping paint for barb wire. I introduced the first 
automatic barb wire machinery. The prinii|iles 
involved in my hand machines for twisting, 
spooling and putting on the liarbs were the same 
as now used in all automatic barb wire ni;i- 
chinery. I introduced a new era in methods 
of advertising which are in vogne today." 

Mr. Ilaish was born near Carlsruhe, (Jerniany, 
March P, ]S27, a son of Christian and Chri-tine 
(Layman) Ilaish. natives of Baden, Gern;;iiiy, 
from whence they emigrated to the United 
States in 1S35, settling first in Pennsylvania, 
but later moving to Crawford County, Ohio, 
which then contained but a small settlement in 
the heart of the virgin forest. Jacob Haish 
came to Illinois soon after the family migration 
westward, and his father joined him on a farm 
whrch he had secured in Du I'age County. P.y 
his first wife. Christian Ilaish had six children, 
Jacob Ilal.sh being the only survivor. Jacob 
Haish had attended school held in a primitive 
log cabin in Crawford County, Ohio, although 



at the same time he was expected to give assist- 
ance witli the woric on tlie farm. Owing to tlie 
fact tliat liis father w.i^ a (arpcntcr, Jacob 
Il.-iisli was given a wd i>ractical training in 
tliat trade, and his natural talent for inventive 
work was tlius stiunilated and developed. Leav- 
ing home at the age of nineteen years, he 
wiirkcd on a farm in Du I'age County, and tlicn 
was in a hotel at Oak Plains, now Maywood, 
111., moving to Naperville, whore, May 2-t, 1847, 
be married .Mi>s .S(,;ihia .Vnn P.rown, a daughter 
of a farmer. The young couple commenced tlieir 
life together on Mr. I'.rown's farm, but within 
two years Mr. Ilaish was able to purchase a 
farm in Pierce Township, Ile Kalb County. As 
his health would not stand the work of the 
farm, however, Mr. Haish went to Kaneville, 
111., and resumed carpentering. In lSr>3, he and 
his wife liecame t)ioueers of Buena Vista, now 
lie Kalli, 111.. :\Ir. Ilaish erecting a tiny home 
for them. .V spur of the railroad was extended 
to ll:c settlement soon thereafter, and the rapid- 
ity «itli which the town grew suggested to Mr. 
Ilaish the (lesiral)ility of establishing a lumber 
yar.I. In connection with his yard he carried 
on his liuilding operations and eventually de- 
xi'liipi'd intu the inventor, manufacturer and 
capit:ilist be is today. His factory now covers 
40,0(X) square feet of floor space, is steam heated 
and electrically lighted. This plant was erect- 
ed at a cost of over !?100,000. Other interests 
controlled by Jlr. Ilaish are the Jaeol) Haish 
State P,ank, which he founded in 1S8-1 ; com- 
panies for the manufacture of a manure 
spreader, a farmer's gas engine, a cream sep- 
arator and vari(ms products connected with the 
wire industry such as nails, staples, and similar 
commodities. 

The success which has attended Mr. Ilaish's 
efforts is wcll-nirrited, and he has ever been 
generous in a^^sisting others. He has given 
l:ir-'cly tow.ir.N (he cause of education in De 
Kalli. .iiid hi-; cliaritics are almost numberless. 
Anion- other donation, was that of .$14,000 to 
the State Normal Scliool, for the library now 
known a-; the Ilaish lilirary, and he has re- 
spondcil generously to appeals from similar in- 
stitutionx. In addition he has erected several 
scliooi liiiildimrs at his own expense, and con- 
tribulrs heavily t.iwai'ds religious orgauiza- 
ti.ms, lie and his wife are members of the 
Methodist I■;pi^copal church, but he does not 
confine his liberality to this denomination. In 
his home life Mr. Ilaish finds his ideal, for his 
wife, wlio has shared his joys and sorrows, dis- 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



825 



.a'nt< and triuniplis with liiiii, is a true 
'11. 'J fricnils thoy have chosen from 
i.k> acpiaintimce are must numerous 
uanii re^rnrd uiul true esteem in which 
Mr^. Ilaish are luM is of tliat f;ratity- 



in-.; sort which has cou^'eniality, strong and wor- 
thy purposes and faitli as the seed from which 
it springs. On May '24, l!n4. Mr. and Mrs. 
Huish celebrated the si.xty-soventh anniversary 

of their niarriase. 



RUFUS EMEPtSOX DODGE. 



17G7562 



life al 



,• path of endeavor de- 
mai^d-i li.'iK-.-iy. fiior^iy. proper preparation, con- 
fil.-iitii u--iiis> and self reliance. Genius may 
b!-.. l.e prf>ent but for permanency, practical 
•lii:illtu-s iiial the homely virtues are necessarj". 
'I.i I he uiidmilited jiossession of these may we, in 
jcirt, nttrlliute the success that has crowned the 
.rVorts of L>r. IJufus E. Dodge, who has figured 
prominently in the medical profession of Chicago, 
for a number of years, and has maiutiiined 
tlu-oughoiit liis entire career a high stiindard of 
pMfe-sioual ethics and scientific principles. 
Kufiis !;mL-rson Dodire was born at Mullet Lake, 
In the upper peninsula of Michigan, August 0, 
l^T.'t. and is a son of Anson H. and Sylva J. (Gee) 
I'.nl^'e. They are worthy descendants of promi- 
1..-I1! I'll! .\'.aTi.-in families, intelligent, earnest, 
I.^ii.-i i.-,.|i!,-. roth the Doilge and Gee fam- 
(;i, . I. .T.' niiresenttd in the War of the Revolu- 
lioij. .,:,.I the paternal great-great-sTandfatUtr of 
l>r. I>h1-.. born in IT.'iO, married a sister of 
General .loseph Warren, who commanded the 
.\iiMT|.-.in forces at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
'I'be early an.'cstors came from England and set- 
Ile^l In .Ma.s-achusetts during the period of Amer- 
ii-in colonization. Ansou I!. Dodge and wife 
ivcre born in Ashtabula County, O., and are 
now residents of Saginaw, Mich., where Mr. 
Dodge is engaged iu a lumber business and is 
numbei'ed among the influential and prominent 
residents of Saginaw County, where he has also 
held imiMjrtant political offices. Of the four chil- 
dren born to Anson R. Dodge and wife, three 
sons and a daughter, but two sons survive, 
Dwight \V., of Saginaw. Mich., and Rufus E., of 
Cbi.a-o. 

The early educational training of Dr. Dodge 
\sas secured in the public schools of his native 
county, and when thirteen years of age he be- 
came a student in the public schools of Saginaw, 
where he i>assed througli consecutive grades to 
his graduation from the high school when eight- 
een years of age. From the time that he was a 
boy he had held to the resolution to one day 
invome a professional man, and chose medicine 
as that most likely to prove congenial and profit- 
able. Therefore, following his grauiiatiun from 



the high school he began making plans as to the 
best method of bearing the expenses of a college 
education and secured a positii.ii with a manu- 
facturing concern with whiih he remained for 
four years, iu this way earning every dollar nec- 
essai-y to carry him through coUei.'e. In 1S95 he 
entered Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago 
and completed a four-years' coui-se, being gradu- 
ated with the class of ISO'.h During his senior 
year he spent six months as an interne in the 
Hahnemann Hospital and this brought him broad 
and i>ractical experience that enabled him to 
readily and successfully discharge tlie duties 
which have devolved upon him in private prac- 
tice. He has been medical examiner for the 
Commercial Life Insurance Company and also 
for the Knights of Maccabees, and is fleet sur- 
geon for the Columbia Yacht Club, of which he 
is a life member. He formerly served on the 
staff of the Hahnemann Hospital but prefers to 
concentrate his energies upon uis private prac-. 
tice and is now serving only on the staff of the 
Rhodes Avenue Hospital. He has business in- 
terests in addition to his professional duties and 
is now chairman of the board of directors and 
treasurer of the Mark Process Company, a 
yi.OOO.OOO corporation, with othi'es in the Fisher 
building. He was also vice-president of the 
Crescent Gold Mining Company. 

On August 16, IS'.K'S, Dr. Dodge was united in 
marriage with Miss Millie M. Cyerlein, of Sag- 
inaw. Mich., a lady of culture and refinement, 
who died March lo. 1n;>."). leaving one son, Anson 
P., who survived his young mother but two 
months. Dr. Dodge is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and also of the Knights of Pythias 
and the Knights of Maccabees. Along profes- 
sional lines he is connected with the Homeo- 
pathic Medical Society, the Illinois Homeopathic 
Medici-1 Society, and"tho American Institute of 
Homeopathy. He is fond of yachting and out- 
door siorts of all kinds. He has maintained his 
office at No. 3.'50O Cottage Grove avemio for a 
number of years and resides at N'o. o3.j E. Thirty- 
fourth street. He has an extensive and lucrative 
practice, holds to high ideals in his i)rofcssional 
service and he is ju-tly numbered amom: the 



826 



?. HISTORICAL ENOYCLOPEDJA OF ILLliNOIS. 



leading professional men of liis city, which is 
distinguished f'-ir high rank in the njudicnl pro- 
fession. Tlie spirit of progrei;s which has het'ii 
the dominant factor of the opening years of the 
twentieth century has hren uiauifesi in no con- 
nection more strongly than in the science of mcill- 
cine. Investigation and research have brought 
forth many scientific facts and established prin- 
ciples, and step by step, Dr. Dodge has kept 
pace with the march of advancement. His pro- 



fessional service has ever been discharged with 
a Iceen sense of conscleuttous obligation and his 
skill has brought him to a prominent position. 
He is inteliigently iuterestcd in all that per- 
tains to modern progress and improvement, not 
on'y aiopg proiessionnl but also material and 
moral iiues, ahvays findiug time to study great 
public (juestions and over ready to lend his in- 
iluenci, for the betterment of humanity. 



ISAAC LEONAllD ELLWOOI). 



In the tieath of Isaac Leonard Ellwood the 
city of DeKalb lost one of its most useful citi- 
zens — ^a man, who not only recognized bis da- 
ties but performed them faithfully, industriously 
and eouseieutiously — one who went even beyond 
this and zealously guarded and in every way 
sought to promote its interests. The city admin- 
istration also lost a counselor whose plaoa it 
will be hard to fill. The loss of such a mar., 
standing for honest government, for opposition 
to gang rule, for careful financial management, 
for efficiency in all matters ijertainiug to the 
city's welfare, and who entertained and illus- 
trated the highest ideal of good citizenship, is 
no ordinary loss. Such men are not so plentiful 
that their passing away is a matter of only 
current interest. Xot alone, however, as a 
public official was Mr. Ellwood an integral 
factor in the activities of DeKalb, but was also 
potent in the busy marts of commerce and trade. 
The bead of one of the city's chief manufactur- 
ing plants, he long held a position of prestige 
among the business men here, and the reputa- 
tion he enjoyed was built up by years of honest 
fultillment of every obligation. 

Isaac Le<inai\l Ellwood was born August 3, 
1S33, at Salt Spring\llle, Montgomery County, 
X. Y. lie traced his ancestry back to Thomas 
Ellwood, the famous Quaker, who was born near 
London in 1030, and who was disinherited! by 
his father on account of his religious belief. He 
received his education principally from John 
Milton, the jjoet, aud it was at his suggestion 
that the beautiful poem, •'I'arailise Regained," 
was written in 1G71. After having written 
'Taradise Lost," Milton submitted it to Ellwood 
for criticism, and after commending it the lat- 
ter said : "Thou hast said much here of Para- 
dise Lost, but what hast thou lo say about 
Paradise Found?" Milton declared that it was 
this question that inspirtnl the writing of the 
latter poem. The name of Thomas Ellwood is 



highly honored \--berever the i^ociety of Friends 
has a footh.old. liis autobiography has been 
printed in this country, and the Quaker poet, 
John Greeclsaf Whittier, honored his memory 
with a menioir. He was greatly persecuted on 
account of his beliefs, but bore all vilification 
and abuse with a maniy courage and patience 
that eventu;J!y won the admiration of his worst 
enemies. The Eliwood coai-ofarms, found upon 
the panels of an old castle in England and 
descvioed in several published works on her- 
aldry, has the motto, Fide et Sediilitate. The 
authenticity of this tradition concerning the au- 
c-ri-;try of the family cannot be indisputably 
verified, for Thomas Ellwood mentioned no 
children in his autobiography, and his brother 
died young, so that Isaac Leonard Elhvood may- 
have descended from an uncle of Thomas Ell- 
wood, but tlie stock is the same. The family 
was established in Anieriai in 1T4.8, when Rich- 
ard Ellwood, his wife and two children, came 
to this country and settled in the Mohawk val- 
ley, near St. Johnsvillo, X. Y. Two years later 
was erected a stone building on what was tlien 
known a.s King's Road. This house, which still 
stands and is in remarkably good preservation, 
is now located near the line of the Xew York 
Central Railroad. The lower story was built 
for defense and the only openings in the wall 
besides the strong door were portholes which 
are still to be seen, as well as bullet holes in the 
woml. At his death, a few years later, Richard 
Eilwood left four sons : Ricliard, Isaac, Ben- 
jamin and Peter, and two daughters, one of 
whom married a Scranton and the other a Van 
Allen. 

Isaac Ellwoiid, the grandfather of Isaac Leon- 
ard Ellwood, had a farui about six miles from 
Fort Champlain, and there his death occurred 
when he was between sixty and seventy years of 
age. John Ellwooil, one of his sons, died at 
Oneida, X. Y. ; another, .\bram, was the father of 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



827 



Isaac L. Ellwood. He married Sarah DeLong, a 
duiitrlitcr of James DeLong, a uative of France, 
nil J ttiey became the parents of seven sons, 
iiniiiely: Chuimcey, deceased, who was at one 
time mayor of i<ycamore. 111.; Reuben, formerly 
of Sycamore and a member of Congress, also 
deceased ; Alonzo, who was the stute j^rand mas- 
ter of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and a merchant of Sycamore, but has passed 
away ; I,ivin;,'ston, who engaged in the practice 
of medl'ine and surgerj- at Schenectady, N. Y., 
until his deatli; Hiram, at one time mayor of 
DeKalb, now deceased; James E., ex-postmaster 
of Sycamore ; and Isaac L. There were also 
three daughters : Mrs. Livingston Walrod, who 
came with her sister, Mrs. Joseph Si.xbuiy, to 
DeKalb County, III., in 183.5, and they resided 
here until their deaths; the other sister, Mrs. 
Allda Young, also dying here. 

Tlie e<lHcational advantages of Isaac Leonard 
Kllw(.>od were somewhat limited, as his parents 
were people of moderate means, and were able 
to secure for their children only a training in 
the rudimentary branches. When still a lad, 
he secured employment at driving a team on 
tlio Krle Canal, at ten dollars a month, and 
Fi!bso<iueiitly he became a clerk and was em- 
phived as salesman until his eiyhUvntli year. 
At that time, tlie country was thrown into a 
^tate of e.xdtement by the discovery of gold in 
California, whence young EUwood made his way 
with other ambitious and adventurous youths. 
Four years of life in the West followed, filled 
with various e.xperiences and varying fortune, 
but eventually, by frugality and thrift, he man- 
nged to accumulate enough to establish him- 
self In business in a modest way and, returning 
to DeKalb, he opened up a little hardware store 
that formed the nucleus for the great business 
lie enjoyed in later years. It was, however, in 
the manufacture of barbed wire that Mr. Ell- 
wood made his greatest fortune. With Josei>h 
F. Glidden, he secured patents and formed a 
partnership for the manufacture of this new 
fencing material, which Mr. Glidden had in- 
vented, ami which still bears his name. The 
subseijuent profits were enormous, but Mr. Glid- 
den disposed of his interests to the Washburn 
»^ Moen Manufacturing Company, of Massa- 
chusetts, in ISTO, and they together, after some 
years of litigation, issued licenses to various 
factories. Later Mr. EUwood bec^ime the sole 
owner of the great industry at DeKalb, which 
he conducted under the style of the I. L. Ell- 
wood Manufacturing Company. Gradually, the 



use of barbed wire became general, not only the 
farmers but the railroads ;ising great tiuantities 
of it. Mr. Ellwoud bad fh" Cuurage tc devise 
and tlis ability to carry ttiKugh to a successful 
cunclusion new ar.d progressive ideas. He spent 
nearly one milUoi: iloHiss in the perfecting of a 
machine that takes the law wire fron> the coil, 
and barbs, twists and spools it ready for the 
trade, and wliea the machine was complete, it 
was found that It would do the work of eight 
men and do it moie iierfectly. This was only 
one of the niachinc-s that made the I. L. EUwood 
Mamifarturiiig Company factory one of the best 
equipped in the stale. He also engaged e.^ten- 
sively in the manufacture of wire nails and 
woven wire fencing but eventually disjiosed of 
his interests therein to the American Steel & 
Wire Coiupauy, a .s;00,0<X),OO0 corporation, which 
was organized by Mr. EUwood, together with 
John W. Gates and John Lambert, and is now 
one of the subsidiary companies of the United 
States Stce; Company. 

It was to the efforts of Isaac Leonard EU- 
wood tl'.at the training school for teachers, long 
recognized as a very desirable institution in the 
center of a locality boasting of the best graded 
and high schools in the state, was eventually 
securf^^, he spending several months at Spriug- 
tield and accomplishing the passage of a bill 
through the Ltgislature, in l&t.j, which provided 
for the Northern Illinois State Xormal School. 
He was made one of the trustees of this, insti- 
tution and was largely rcsi>onsible in having it 
located in DeKalb. Shortly tliereafter, Mr. 
EUwood platted the 1. L. EUwood addition to 
DeKalb, where he erccteil cluli houses and resi- 
dences for the accommodation of the school 
people, and tliis addition he presented to the 
children, with tlie agreement that they would 
install cement walks, a paved street, a sower 
system and shade trees, and to<.lay this addition 
is one of the show places of DeKalb. 

Mr. EllwoiKl was married, at the home of 
William A. Miller at DeKalb, January 27, ISoO, 
to Miss Harriet Miller, and they had seven 
children: William I... Mrs. Harriet Mayo, Mrs. 
Mary Lewis, Mrs. Jessie Uay of Denver, Colo., 
E. Perry, and two sons who died in infancy. 
Mrs. John Lewis has also passed away. William 
L. EUwood for several years was engaged in 
importing and breixling French draft horses, 
making annual tri[is to r"Yance and personally 
attending to the purdiase and selection of his 
stock. lie has entire charge of the EUwood 
stock farms, located in the vicinity of DeKalb 



HISTORICAL EN'CYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



and contaiulns 3,400 acres of land. lie also 
owns -lOO.WO acres of Te.xas land. 

In his iiolitical affiliations, Isaac L. Ellwood 
was always a Republii-an. and tooL a Ueen and 
intelligent interest in affairs of a iiutdic nature. 
On June 5, 19<>2. he was made a member of tlie 
railroad and warelumso commission of Illinois, 
serving thereon for four years, and was also on 
the staffs of Governors Tanner and Yates, thus 
being entitled to the ranU of colonel. In addi- 
tion to the handsome DeKalb residence of the 
family, where Mrs. Ellwood h.-is established a 
museum for tlie housing of the niaiiv interesting 



articles collecti^l in her extensive travels. Col. 
and Mrs. Ellwood had a winter home at Palatka, 
Florida. Whatever success Mr. EUwooil accom- 
Iilished was due to his own efforts. I'Yom small 
beginnings he built ui» his business to colossal 
dimensions by his native ability, his Unowledge 
of men, his courage and foresight and Ins strict 
attention to business. Ills generosity was un- 
bounded and he had an army of pensioners 
almost as large as his army of employes, while 
in a public way the labors he performed in the 
cau.se of education cannot be overestimated. 
They will stand as his 



EDWAUD L. LIAYO. 



Edward L. Ma.vo. M. D., so lived that his mem- 
ory deserves to be periietuated by his contempo- 
raries and his usefulness in his <lay and gen- 
eration recalled as an inspiration to those who 
come after. He was an ideal physician, irradi- 
ating the sick room with the light of a cheerful 
pi-esence, his woi-d and smile frequently banish- 
ing the clouds that had gathered around dis- 
couraged sufferers. He was enthusiastic in the 
following of his profession, was an eager stu- 
dent as long as he lived, and possessed the well 
poised understanding that enabled him to weigh 
fairly and make a settled doc-ision concerning 
every scientific discovery. Edward L. Mayo 
was born June 10, 1S43, at Sycamore, III., and 
was the son of Hon. E. L. Mayo, who early came 
to this section and later served on the bench 
with distinction. Passing creditably through 
the public schools, an interested although never 
a brilliant student, Edward L. Mayo securai an 
excellent wcrkiug education. Having decided 
upon his chosen career by the time he reached 
his majority, he became a medical student under 
Dr. Bryant at Sycamore and contiimed his 
studies with Dr. Garvin, both men of medical 
authority, until prepared for special training 
and necessary exi)erimeut, when he entered Rush 
Medical College at Chicago. He was one of the 
large class that was graduated from that noted 
medical school in ISUS and almost imnietliately 
entered upon professional work, .selecting Malta, 
III., as his initial held of practice. Dr. Mayo 
made lifelong friends during bis seven years of 
practice there and there were many Lo protest 
when, in IST.I, he felt it incumbent on him to 
seek a still wi.ier cinle of Usefulness. Then he 
located at Dr Kalb :i£i(l that city remained his 
home during the remainder of his life, bis death 
occurring tlicrc on March 2. V.nC, in his sixty- 



second year. .Vllbough other fields of activity 
were open to him he remained ever loyal to his 
ciiosen one and ceaselessly followetl the healing 
art until near the close of his owu life, when 
retirement became necessary on account of his 
own failing health. It was only then that he 
consented to give care to himself, he who had 
for so many years watched and battled with dis- 
ease for others, but the genial climate of Flor- 
ida and of California possessed no lasting cure 
and it was his own choice to spend his closing 
days iu bis bonio wh^re a wealth of tender af- 
fection surrounded him to the end. 

In 1872 Dr. Mayo married Miss Alice Ballou, 
a daughter of W. V. Ballou, and two children 
were born to them, a son and daughter, Ross E. 
and .A.lice L. Mrs. Mayo passed away Septem- 
ber 28, ISSO. In 1&07 Dr. ilayo was married 
(second) to Miss Harriet M. Ellwood. a daugh- 
ter of Col. I. L. Ellwood, and one sou was boru 
to them, Edward ilayo. For many years the 
Mayo home on the corner of Main and First 
streets, De Kalb, was the scene of gracious hos- 
pitality, a meeting place for the city's most cul- 
tured and refined, and the center of this home, 
its inspiration, was Dr. Mayo. Xo resident of 
the city was better known, not because of any 
self-exploitation, but rather for those useful 
qualities of citizenship and true manhood that 
caused him to interest himself in evcrythiug 
concerning the public welfare and to give help 
in every direction where responsibilities and 
burdens were lieaviest. It is a generally ac 
ceiited truism that no man of genius or acknowl- 
edged ability can he justly or adequately judged 
on the morrow of his death. Time is needed to 
ripen the estimate upou work which can only 
be viewctl on all sides in the calm atmosiihcre 
of a more or less remote [icrind from the time 




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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 01'^ ILLINOIS. 



329 



of Its (.■oiupietiou. This remark is iu do sense 
J,, ,j,],ri)i'ri;ite to tbe case of Dr. JIayo. His life 
riiiliHl, his work comiiletea, he .still holds a .se- 
iiire pUue in the memory of tho.>e who were his 
ii--.~<K-i:ites, for his labors were of the quality 
jii:!t wll! continue to live for lu.my years. His 
fharitirs were many, but the full extent of his 
libilanthropy was known only to himself, for he 



was no blatant, ostpiitatious giv-r— his charities 
took the form <../ (luiet help, freely given, the 
tru.> philanthrory which a^-Lwl for no return 
or expected it. I'robal.lj no man In his pr.> 
fession in De Kalb county v.-;.s more widely 
known, iiiid certrilnly none li;!d juore friewls. 
He honored his profession uiui was honored by 
it. 



JOIiX jMAETIN IJTTLEJOTI.N'. 



Sclentltic investigation has brought the differ- 
ent scIkkiU (if medicine into closer and more 
hcliiful relations. It is against the ethics of 
the professi<in for any individual to maintain 
secrecy conccriiin;; the method of practice or a 
remcdj used in the restoration of life, and the 
practitioner, therefore, who desires to advance, 
has c\ery opportunity to broaden his knowledge 
iinil base it uikju the most thorough and scien- 
llllc Invi-siigation. Moreover it Is a self-evident 
f.iit that the followers of one school are quickly 
hikI effectively taking up methods introduced by 
other schools and that principles of practice 
f'lrinerly condemned are now being generally 
iiiiiipti-d as time has tested the value of theii' 
wiirth. One is letl to this train of reflection in 
rcvl.wln- llie history of Dr. .lohn Martin Little- 
Ji.hii. w'a'i. suae liXiO, has been president and 
pfffi'-siir of theory and practice of osteopathic 
t.'icrapetitics in the Littlejohn College and Hos- 
pital of Chicago. He has also occupied profess- 
orships in other medical colleges and his 
studies liave covered a wide range. He has not 
sought to confine his knowledge to those 
branches taught by a single institution, and the 
result is that he is able to choose from the vari- 
ous schools and methods of practice that whii h 
he deems most essential and valuable for spe- 
cific cases. Dr. Littlc.iohn has had tlie benetit 
of instruction both in the old world and in the 
new. 

John M. Littlejohn was born in the city of 
Glasgow, Scotland, February 15, ISO", and is a 
son of tlio ]{ev. James and Kli/.aheth Walker 
(Scott) Littlejohn. He is numbered among the 
alumni of the University of (Jlasgow and hav- 
ing studied for the ministry was ordained iu 
1S:)G. He afterward engaged in teaching the- 
ology for a year and then resumed his studies, 
winning ill time the degrees of A. M.. K. D and 
LL. B. Attracted by the oi)portunities offered. 
Dr. Littlejohn came to the fnited States, and 
in the year 18'J2-.3 was a fellow at Colun.laa 



College iu >iev.- York City. He won the degree 
of rii. D. in MUH. and since has been the re- 
cipien- of the hont-n.ry degrees of D. D. and 
LL. I). On the completion oi a course in Dun- 
ham Medical College he leceived the M. D. 
degree, which has also been conferred upon 
him by Hering College. 

From early manhood Dr. Littlejohn has been 
connected with edac-ational work, first as 
teacher in Glasgow Uuivcrsiiy, and later as 
president of Ico.^motmt College, Glasgow, to 
which ixj.viriou he was elected in 18fi0. He sev- 
•ered his connection with that institution on com- 
ing to America and in l,S!»-i he was elected to the 
presidency of Amity College, at College Springs, 
Iowa. Cai-iying his invcstig:i|inn into the field 
of o.steopath.T, he became a^-^n.-iated with the 
American School of Ostenpalliy at Kirksville, 
Mo., in ISOS, as professor of iiliysiologj- and 
psychology, and was al^n dean of the faculty 
from that year until 1000. During the period of 
his residence iu Chicago he has occupieil the pro- 
fessorship of physiology at the Hahnemann 
Medical College and also in the Hering Medical 
College. Kecoming the founder of the Little- 
john College find Hospital in 1!kiO, he has since 
been its president and is profe.-sui- of theory 
and practice of osteoiiathic therapeutics. 7n the 
school he has surrounded himself with an able 
corps of lecturers and teachers and has done 
umch to adv.mce ai;tl pn.miiU-ate the theory, 
scientific jirinciples a]iil methcds of jiractice for 
which tlie school stand.-, lie is t.Mlay one of the 
foremost exponents of osteopathy, not only of 
this country but of the eld world. lie is a 
memt)er of the f:hicago Osteep.ithic A-seciation. 
Illinois Osteoi.athie Society, the American Os- 
teopathic A>>oeiation and the nv-ular Homeo- 
pathic Society, ami is a lifi- member of the 



)uni- 



^f Literatur 



830 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



Great Britaiu in 1S;>!>. lie was editor of the 
Jourual of Science of Osteiipatliy. 10(X»-U<ia, of 
the Osteoputliic World, fruui I'JOo to l':X)o, in 
now editor of tlie BuUetiu Journal of Healtli, 
Cliicago. Dr. I.ittlejohii i.s alt^o a uii'iulier of the 
United Editors" Assoeiatiou of the United .statt s. 
His scientific and literary articles Lave covered 
a wide range and on various subjects lie has been 
heard on tlie lecture platform. He Is author 
of, "CUristian .Sabbatism" (lbU2) ; "TUe T.Jii- 
leal Theory of the Scboohueu and Grotius" 
(three parts) (ISiM) ; "The Evolution of the 
State" (ISOO) ; '-Lecture Notes ou Physiology 
(ISOS) ; "Text-Book on I'hysiology- (IbOs) : 
■"Lectures on I'sycho-Physiology" (IStiO^ ; "Lec- 
tures on Psycho-Pathology" (VOW) ; "Journal 
of the Science of Osteopathy" {V.>W-u) ; ".Science 
■of Osteoiiathy" (ISDD) ; a "Treatise on-Oste- 
opathy" (1002) ; "Principles of Osteopathy and 
Theory and Practice of Osteoiiathic Therapeu- 
tics" (10U7), and "Psychiatry" (lltijM. Ui> 
latest contribution is the result of laboratory 
•experiments conducted tor some years in rela- 
tion to "toxicosis and mechanical obstruction 
as the causes of the so-called malignant di.<- 
«ases," published in the Jourual of the Osteo- 



pathic Asscxiatlon and in the annual bulletin ot 
the Research Institute for JOIO. He is a con- 
tributor on osreypatby in the Encyclopedia 
Americana a 'id the hiicruiitioual 'Congress of 
the Arts and Scietii.-«'s. 

On tho lifh of Ai'gust, i'.W, in Ipswich, Dr. 
Littlejc.lui wa.-, married to -Miss Mable Alice 
Th'juipson, and unto fliem have been born six 
children: .Mary Elizabeth Helen, JIaliel Emma, 
James, Edgar, Jlartin, John Jlartin and Eliza- 
beth Alice. The family reside at Lake Bluff, 
Iliiuois. Hiu-h in brief is the history of Dr. 
John M. Littlejoim, who is continuously carry- 
ing his research far and n ide into the realms 
of science and who day by day learns from ac- 
tual practice and experience lessons that have 
not only been used for the benefit of his pupils 
but have also foruied the basis of writings that, 
widely ri'ad in this and loreigu land.s, have • 
uiaile ills servi';e of unmeasured vahie to human- 
ity. He is actuated by liigli ideals — to know 
irouiething liigher. to do soiiiething better, than 
he has known and done the day before, and 
thus he is constantly reaching out along far- 
ivachiug lines of usefulness for the benefit of his 
fellowiuen. 



CHARLES HENROTIN, 



l^or more than a half century the late Charles 
Henrotin was a resident of Chicago, during 
all of which period he had been prominently 
identified with her commercial and material 
progress and her financial interests, and in no 
less a degree had he been an Influencing factor 
i;i the social life and diplomatic circles of the 
city. He was of distinguished ancestry, inherit- 
ing, with an honorable name, physical strength, 
a fine mental organization and grace of body, 
and these, Improved by broad cultui-e, resolute 
purpose and a life of probity and rectitude, 
carried him to an enviable [ilace in the regard 
and affection of men, and enabled him to 
achieve much for his own reiiutation, for the 
welfare of his country and his adopted city, 
and for the benefit of his contemporaries, tliose 
who have worked for the advancement of the 
best interests of the Illinois metropolis. 

Charles Henrotin was born at Brussels, Bel- 
gium, April lo, 1S43, and was a son of Dr. 
Jose[>h F. and Adele (Kinson) Henrotin, also 
natives of that country. The family emigrated 
to the United States in ISiS, the father en- 
gaging in medical practice in Chicago', shortly 
afterward gaining recognition by his valci.ible 



and se'f-sacriti<-ing services during the cholera 
epidemic that swept the city from ISoO until 
ISoi, and subseuueully became widely known as 
an nble physician and surgeon. He continued 
in actne practice in Chicago until his death, 
which occurred in 1S7C. Further distinction in 
the field of medicine and surgery Is attached to 
the n;'riie through the scientilic achievenients of 
the late Dr. Ferdinand Henrotin, in whose 
hon«ir was named the Henrotin Jlcmorial Hos- 
pital on North Lit Salle .Street, Chicago. 

Brought to Chicago in his fifth year, Charles 
Henrotin pursued his education in the schools 
of this city until IS.'iiJ, when he was matricu- 
lated iu the College of Tournai, in Belgium, 
tliereiu pursuing a four year-s' course, which 
he ...nipl.'t.sl by -ra.ln.itlon with the class of 
ISOn. Ids tastes fnun earliest boyhood were 
extremely liteiary ami this strain iu his nature 
was an infim.nrin- foic,. tliroiiglinut his entire 



ciation uitli (lie (listui-u 
other c.mntrirs. .Mr. H 
Belgium in lsi;o to bcr> 
staff of Oeneral Frciuo 



-hrd 



I ot thi- 
t-tnriiwl 



ui, Mo. Afte 



HISTOKICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



831 



signing that position, he entererl the financial 
tield, with the Merchants' Loan & Trust Com- 
pany, Chicago, of which he became cashier in 
ISOC, succeeding Lyman J. Gage, former secre- 
tary of the Vnited .States Treasuiy. Broad 
and varied exiierieuce in connection with that 
Institution well qualitied him to engage in husl- 
uess on his own account, and in 1S77 he turned 
his attention to the conduct of a private bank- 
ing and brokerage business. His word came 
to be largely accepted as authority upon ques- 
tions of finance, for the character of his busi- 
ness placed liini prominently in the front rank 
among Chicago's financiers. Mr. Henrotin pro- 
moted numerous large enterprises. As a broKer 
he represented the English syndicates for the 
sale of the hi-eweries of Chicago and the Union 
Stock Yards. He dealt extensively in the bonds 
and scrip of Chicago during the period of the 
city's financial embarrassment, from ISTS until 
ISSO, and paid the city interest on bonds for 
the year 1S77, advancing the money for a year 
to prevent default. In ISSl he established the 
first telephone company of Paris, France, and 
afterward financed many important business 
projects not only in this city but elsewhere. 
He was the principal organizer and promoter 
of the Chicago Stock Exchange, was chosen its 
first president, and served for two other terms; 
was also a member of the New York Stock 
Exchange for many years, and was connected 
with the Chicago Board of Trade. High honors 
were conferred upon Mr. Henrotin in public 
and semi-public connections. He was chosen a 
director of the World's Columbian Exposition, 
in 1S92, and was a member of several of the 
most important connuittees connected with the 
management of that great exhibiton. In 1S76 
he was appointed the successor of his father. 
Dr. Joseph F. Henrotin, at the time of the 
lattcr's death, in the office of Belgian consul 
in this city, and in the same year he was fur- 
ther honored by appointment to the office of 
Consul General of the Ottoman Empire, and 
held both offices continuously until his death, 
which occurred July 2."5, lUl-l. 

In ISGO Mr. Henrotin was united in marriage 
with Mkss Ellen Martin, of Chicago, and of 
their family, three sons are living, namely: 
Edward C, wlio is engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits in the state of New York; Charles M., a 
consultiug mining engineer of Chicago, who for 
several years was manager of the De Beers 



Diamond Mine Company, at Kimberiey, South 
Africa; and Xorris 1?., ot Chicago, who is the 
representative of the banking and bond house 
of Harvey Fisk & Company, of Xew York City. 
Mrs. Henrotin was born at I'ortland, Me., July 
0, 1S17, a daughter of Edward Byam and Sara'h 
Ellen (Xorris) Martin, the former of whom 
was born at Camden, Me., in 1S12, and the 
latter at I'ortland, that state, in lS2-i. They 
were married at Portland in 1S4C, and subse- 
quently moved to Xew Haven, Conn., where 
they resided until 1>^;0, then removed to Eng- 
land, settling in the Isle of Wight, where they 
residetl until 3SIJS, when, on account of Jlr. 
Martin's extensive investments in Chicago, the 
family removed to this city at that time. He 
did not live long thereafter, however, dying 
suddenly in 1!^G0. Mrs. ilartin survived her 
husband a number ot years, dying about 1S07. 

Mrs. Henrotin is well known in social and 
club circles, both in Chicago and abroad. She 
was vice president of the auxiliary of the 
World's Fair Congresses ; was twice president 
of the Federation of Women's Clubs of the 
United States; is president of the Illinois Indus- 
trial School for GirliJ, a trustee of the L^niter- 
sity of Illinois, and a member of the Juvenile 
Protective Association. She is a valued mem- 
ber of a number of important social cluhs. of 
which the more prominent are tlie Fortnightly, 
the Chicago Woman's and the Friday clubs. 
She has l»een honored with the decoration of 
the Chefackat of Turkey, the Palmes Academic 
of France, and others of French and Belgian 
distinction. She has long taken a most active 
and helpful part in social and charitable work 
everywhere, her kind heart and -sympathetic 
nature having caused her to respond to the call 
of benevolence. 

Among the decorations conferred upon Mr. 
Henrotin were : The Order of Commander of 
the Medijidec and Commander of the Osmanic 
of Turkey ; officer of the Legion of Honor of 
Belgium ; Chevalier of the Crown of Belgium ; 
the highest decoration of the Civic Cross of 
Belgium, i>resentcd in recognition of his thirty- 
five years of consular service; and Chevalier 
of the Legion of Honor of France. His club 
relations were with the most prominent social 
organizations of the city, including the Ger- 
miinia. Banker's, Chicago, and other cluhs. He 
was recognized as a leader not alone In the 
field of finance, where his operations were so 



832 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



exteusive, but also iu municipal and govern- 
lui'iital affaii-.s, iu tlio social life of the city aud 
in the discusiiiou of tbeuu's of liroad and vital 



sisuilicauoe. IVi^oiially, 
I>rci>osSf.s.sinjr. his luauuei 
paiiiouship chanuiu^'. 



ALBOX ELDREl) WILSOX. 



rrominent amou- the early settlers of 
Greene County were the families of Eldreds. 
and Braces, who came from New York to Illi- 
nois in 1^20, where they entered land and 
encountered all the privations of pioneer life. 
A considerable portion of the land they entered, 
which is now very valuable, is still held by 
descendants of the families. One of these 
and a man who really led, in recent years, in 
all movements looking toward the improve- 
ment of agricultural conditioTis in the locality, 
and set the example of advanced farming, was 
the late Albon Eldred Wilson, an extensive 
owner of Greene County farm land, as well as 
a prominent citizen of Carrollton for many 
years prior to his regretted demise. He was 
born near Quiucy, Adams County, 111., August 
1, 1S42, son of James Hervey and Clara I'ldred 
Wilson, the former a native of Kentucky, born 
uear JIarion, in Crittendon County, December 
29, 1S]4. ■When fifteen years of age James H. 
Wilson came with his parents to Illinois, and 
settled east of t>t. Louis. He attended the 
Slmrtleff College at Alton, and the Illinois 
College at Jacksonville. On November 4, 1S41, 
he was united in marriage with Jliss Clara 
Eldred at the home of her parents, William and 
Ruth Brace Eldred, two and one-half miles 
west of Carrollton, and went to live on their 
farm near Quincy. To this union was born 
■one son, Albon Eldred. Clara E. Wilson died 
at Che>terfleld, Til., October IS. IS.'il, when only 
tweutj-nine years of age. James H. Wilson 
died at Sandoval, 111., .Tanuary 25, ISOO. 

After the death of his mother, Albon Eldred 
Wilson made his home with his grandparents, 
William and Kuth Brace Eldred. In this his- 
toric home, whose descendants have done much 
to secure the development of Greene County, 
many of whom are prominent in agriculture, 
hanking and mercantile pursuits, as well as 
other occupations and professions in the county, 
Mr. Wilson grew to manhood in close com- 
panionship with the youngest nirmlier of the 
family, Elon \. Eldred. Together thoy attended 
the Centerville district school. Mr. Wilson later 
became a student at the Illinois College. Jack- 
sonville, and the .State Normal, at Normal, 
afterwards becoming one of the popular educa- 



tors of Greene County, i'rom ISSO until ISS'i 
he was engaged in the grocery business in 
Carrollton. On April is, lt,^3, he was united 
iu marriage with .Miss Cassie Robertson, at the 
home of her parents, the late John Robertson 
and wife of Jacksonville, 111. Mr. Robertson-s 
parents were early settlers in Morgan County. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wilson resided on their beautiful 
farm at the Bluffs until Noveiuber, ISOS, when 
they purchased the old .Me.xander Lynn resi- 
dence property in Carrollton, and built thereon 
the handsome houjc where they resided at 
the time of his death. Believing in the future 
of Greene County lands. Mr. Wilson invested 
heavily, owning at the time of his death a 
large tract, including much rich bottom land, 
which he improved, leveled and installed thereon 
a pumping plant, thus reclaiming laud that is 
as fertile as any in the state, but which was, 
previous to that time, considered worthless. 
Mr. Wilson aided in laying out and naming 
the town of Eldred and Iu dovelopiug a valu- 
able stone 'pinrvy in that locality, and, largely 
through his efforts and genero.sity, the organi- 
zation of the Baptist church at Eldred was 
made possible. He served on the building com- 
mittee for the erection of this church, and also 
for a time as one of its trustees, although he 
was a member of the Carrollton Presbyterian 
Church, which body he served as elder the last 
twelve years of his life. He was also a faith- 
ful teacher in the Sunday school, and a regu- 
lar attendant at the services of the church so 
long as he was able, .\ctive and generous, he 
is greatly missed. .\ diligent student of God's 
word, he stored up rich truths and precious 
promises, which, during the final days of his 
life, came to him with renewed force. Mr. 
Wilson was a man of high ideals in life, con- 
scientious and honest in all his dealings, his 
word his bond, a lover of home where his loss 
is most keenly felt, kind to those in need, and 
in his every-day life exemplifying the prin- 
ciples which he professed. Interested in every 
good work, he did much to aid in driving the 
linnor interests from Greene County. Frater- 
nally he was a Mason, having been a member 
of the Carrollton lodge. During the Civil war 
Mr. Wilson served for a time in the Commissary 









<N 



(y 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



833 



Dt'iiartuient, his y<juth iirovoiitiiii; his acLtiJt- 
uiict; as 11 soldier. ThiougUuut his life 
lie uilhered to the priuciples of the men he 
cstooiuetl so highly during the stirring times that 
tried men's souls as by tire. He voteO the lie- 
IjuLiUluu tieiiet. At personal sacrifice he ac- 
cepted some of the public offices, serving the 
city of (JarroUton two terms as alderman, and 
the town of t!liiffdale as supervisor. The new 
Court House, which retlects much to the credit 
and honor of the county, was built during his 
term of olUce, he serving on the building com- 
mittee. Xaturally energetic, ilr. Wilson never 
i^pared liimself or failed if duty or busiress 
called. After the Chicago and Alton bought 
the Litchfield, CarroUtoii and Western Rail- 
road, the line running from the Illinois Kiver 
to Litchfield, work was bcguu early oue Sunday 
morning, employes commencing at the rivor, to 
take up the track. In company with Mr. T. C. 
Hussoy, of Carrollton, Mr. Wilson immediately 
took steps to save the road, and had an injunc- 
tion served whereby the line to Eldred, the 
]irincipal shipping point for the western part 
of the county, was retained. 

llealizing the boys of today are the men of 
tomorrow, Mr. Wilson always felt a deep inter- 
cKt in young peori]'^, especially young n\en, 
'.■tiic- (if wiioiu attribute much of their success 
!n )lle to bis kindness and personal influence. 
.\iM.png these is Dr. Chauncey E. Tennaut, a 
prominent young physician and surgeon of Pen- 
ver, Colo., who, coming from his boyhood home 
In St. Louis, spent many summers with Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilson on their farm. Dr. Tennant, 
learning of Mr. Wilson's serious illness, came 
to spend a week with him. During this time 
Mr. Wilson's health improved, and, by the ad- 
vice of the attending physician, Dr. Howard 
Burns, October 1, 1912, Dr. Tennant accom- 
panied Mr. and Jlrs. Wilson to the Bailey Sana- 



torium at Lincoln, Xeb. .M.-, Wil.son had been 
in failing heiUtii for about two years, but he 
seemed to iu;preve, and it was hoped by seek- 
ing a warmer climate iil.s life might be pro- 
longed, but he passe.1 away, from an attack 
of heait failure, October 2.'i, liU2, at 4.00 T. M. 
Dr. Tennaut, although . .bilged to return to his 
busy life, «as in .c-onstaMt communication with 
Dr. Bailey ivbo, Kuowiu- his ability, valued 
his counsel. Dr. Tenuiiut gave to Mr. Wilson 
tlie tender care and uuxhm:^ solicitude of a 
sou, returniiig to Lincoln three days prior to 
Mr. WilS(>n'.s death, he i-ccouipanied Mrs. Wilson 
ou her sad jouniey hoyjp. The funeral was 
held at the late residence on Ma pie avenue, 
October I's. at two o clock X". M., services being 
conducted 1)^ ]te\, W. B. Shirey of the Pres- 
byterian Church. A large lumiber of relatives 
and friends v.ere pros'mt and the.services were 
very impressive. The iiody was gently laid to 
rest in the city cemetery by the loving hands 
of n"plicw.v. 

Since the death of Allion Eldred Wilson, 
tlie Carrollton Jrausoleum has been l)uilt and 
tiie body of Mr. Wilson placed in the Wilson 
-ipartmeut of the .same. 

Mrs. V ilson survives, and mourns the loss 
of an affectionate and devoted husband. Mr. 
Vtilson left a large circle of relatives and 
friends. In the final distribution of his prop- 
erty Mr. Wilson gave ?10,000 for charitable and 
benevolent jmriposes. He is gone, but his works 
live on. Tiie influence of his useful life, so 
unassuming, so beautiful and fragrant with 
love and beneficence, falls like a gracious bene- 
diction on all who knew hira. Earth is poorer 
and Heaven is richer liy his death. What a 
memory to clierisli, and what a reward must 
await such a life. Truly, one of God's faithful 
stewards. 



CHARLES CAREOLI. BOYLES. 



The m;in who can reorganize and build up 
definite relationships with others in his com- 
munity is a benefactor, whether he labors as 
a professional man or as one in whom business 
ijiterests are centered. Progress, aggressive- 
ness, knowledge of men and events, are all 
needed in the life journey. Charles Carroll 
Boyles, of Winnetka, belongs to that class 
which, having made a long and successful trip 
through life, is now enjoying leisure, well 
earned. lie is oue of the early dry goods 



merchants of Chicago, for some years retired 
from the scene of his I'ornier activities, and 
now living in comfort at Winnetka. 

Charles Carroll Boyles was born near Mont- 
pelier, Yt., Oetolicr 0, 1S33, a son of Samuel 
and Mary L. (Barnes) Boylos, the former a 
native of .Massachusetts, and the latter of New 
Hamp-^liire. These parents moved from Ver- 
mont to New Hampshire when their sou Charles 
was about two years old, and there at school 
age he began his education in the public school 



834 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



of his district. At home until eiijlitet'ii years 
of age, he theu went to Saleui, Mass., and 
found employment in a dry goods store, al- 
though prior to that, in spite of his tender 
yeiirs, he had served as assistant postmaster, 
being s>\orn into otlice before beiuj,' of lesal 
age. Leaving Siilem in 1S54, be went to Charles- 
ton, S. C, employed there in a dry goods store 
until 1857, at which time he first came to Chi- 
cago. Strange as it appears today, he, not satis- 
fied with the business outlook among a pop- 
ulation of 75,000, went on to cities farther 
west, finally establishing himself in a dry 
goods business in partnership with Charles 
Gossage at Davenport, Iowa. This partnership 
was of short duration, for a year later Mr. 
Gossage received an offer from his old em- 
ployer, Charles W. DeLand, of Charleston, S. C, 
who had bought the old-established store of 
William Lee, at Cincinnati, Ohio, and he be- 
came a partner in that business. Mr. Boyles 
purchased the' interest of Mr. Gossage and con- 
tinued at Davenijort for several years. Messrs. 
DeLand and Gossage sending for him, Mr. 
Boj'les went to Cincinnati before the Civil war, 
and took charge of the office, afterwards be- 
coming general manager of the business. In 
the fail of IbOG he returned to Chici'gn with 
Mr. Gossage, who had bought an interest in the 
store of W. M. Koss & Co., formerly Koss & 
Foster, then tlie largest store in the West, tak- 
ing charge of the office and finances. This store 
failed in July, ls7i, and Mr. Koss retired, the 
firm becoming Charles Gossage & Company, Jlr. 
Boyles taking a half interest. In October, Ibll, 
the store was totally destroyed by the terrible 



tire, at that time it being located at Xos. lOG, 
lOS and 110 ^tate street. Tlie insurance ou 
the goods just paid the debts, leaving Mr. 
Boyles and his partner nothing. They had good 
credit, however, for their e.'ccelleut records were 
known, and within three weeks their business 
reopened at No. 235 AVest Madison street with 
ample credit iu New York. For three years 
they remained at that location, and then re- 
established themselves at their old numbers ou 
.State and Washington streets iu a building that 
had been erected by Potter Palmer. They were 
the first merchants to establish a business on 
.'^tate street, alsq the first after the fire. This 
firm continued to do business at that location 
until 1SS3, in which year Mr. Goss.ige died, and 
Mr. Boyles soon after sold to Carson, Pirie & 
Company and retired from active business life. 
Soon after he retired he moved to Lake Geneva, 
where he made his home for thirty years, but 
a couple of years ago he came to Winnetka, 
where he now lives. 

On October 12, 1804, Mr. Boyles married Miss 
Hannah Dickinson, a daughter of Albert F. and 
Aim Eliza (Anthony) Dickinson, a sketch of 
whom will be found elsewhere iu this work. 
She was boru at Curtisville, Mass., February 8, 
IS.SS, and belonged to the first graduating class 
of the old Dearborn Seminary of Chicago. 

A man of sterling principles, Mr. Boyles suc- 
ceeded, and not only received his share of the 
material things of this world, but also has won 
and steadfastly retained the friendship and ap- 
preciation of those who know him. Charitable 
iu word and deed, he has made many lives 
brighter through his generosity. 



SHEA SMITH. 



In the great throng of individuals that daily 
surges through the busy street.s of the city of 
Chicago, may be found representatives of al- 
most every section of the country, and as they 
gaze with natural wonder and adnnration. on 
the huge business structures and note the evi- 
dences of comfort, wealth, culture, eiluc-ation 
and civic expenditure on every side, many, no 
doubt, ask the (luestion of how all this remarka- 
ble development and solid advancement has 
been brought about in so short a time. The 
answer is that it is because here have arisen 
men like the late Shea Smith, men who have 
wrought with courage under early haiidicap,s, 
who have built from the bottom with per^istiug 
patience, who liave possessed the broad outlook 



of enlightened understanding and have loved 
their city and been just to its demands while 
struggling to found securely their own business 
enterprises. Such men deserve to be remem- 
bered and their life histories carry lessons of 
incalculable benefit to a younger generation. 
Shea Smith was the founder of the firm of 
Shea Smith & Co., large manufacturing sta- 
tioners, Chicago. He was born at Sandusky 
City. Ohio, July 2G, l&oO, and was a son of 
Kobert A. and I'riscilla (Barker) Smith. Dur- 
ing his later years the father was intcreste^l 
largely in ix=al estate. 

Until he was ten years old Shea Smith at- 
tended the public schools of Sandusky City and 
for three years afterward was a student at 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



835 



Toronto, Canada, auj still later was a pupil in 
a bchool at Watseka, 111. It was probably a 
boyish desire to see sonietbiug of the \vorl<l for 
himself, or a youthful spirit of adventure, that 
led him then to sever home ties and as.'iuuie 
life's responsibilities for himself. He came to 
Chicago and as a newsboy provided for his 
necessities for a time and then shipi>ed as a 
cabin boy on a schooner plying on Lake Michi- 
gan. Finding himself not particularly well 
equipped for a sailor's life, he soon found oppor- 
tunity to run away and ere long once more 
reached Chicago, with which city he was ever 
afterward identified. He had natural leanings 
and these found expression by his seeking a 
position in a printer's shop and he remained to 
learn the business and finally embarked in the 
same himself. Success did not attend him in 
his initial enterprise and he met with several 
defeats before he found himself beyond the fear 
of failure and on the high road to the success 
which subsequently became his. In ISTl he ex- 
panded his printing business and thereafter 
included bintling and the manufacturing and 
handling of stationery, under the firm style of 
Shea Sraitli & Co. The company was incorpo- 
rated in ISSi under the s;ime name. Sir. .Smith 
being the head and front of the busiue!>s at 
the beginning and continuing until his death, 
April 1. 1007. He was gifted with inventive 
genius and became widely known in this line 
first through his invention of the "Impression 
Book," which is a device, now in general use, 
for the copying of letters for filing. His com- 
pany manufactures this, together with numer- 
ous other clever and popular devices in the 
same line and also does a wholesale and jobbing 
as well as a retail business. The high standing 
of this great business house is a testimonial to 
the industry, courage and perseverance of Mr. 
Smith, who fairly won the title of one of the 
"business builders" of Chicago. 



Although personally a man of peace, Mr. 
Smith was interested in miltary uflalrs and for 
a number of years was prominent lu the Illlnoii 
National Guard. He enlisted in the l-lrst In- 
fantry on October t!, iSi.j, and was made Ilrst 
lieutenant on September 4, l.STT ; was promoted 
captain on February 14, lIsT'J, and wa.s made 
major of the Fir.st Uegiuient on October 4, 1SS4. 
He resigned his commission as major on .hily 'J, 
IS*.-., and was appointed .-uljutant on Decem- 
ber 7, laSo. resigning on October lil, 1V.VS. He 
was elected to the Veteran Corps of the First 
Infantry on June 4, ISSO. From an early 
ancestor he inheritefl, perhaps, his military 
spirit and surely the right to be enrolled as a 
member of the Sous of the AuieriiMn Kevolu- 
tion, being a member of the Chirago Chapter 
of the same. 

On September 17, 1S74, .Mr. SunUt was unit.-d 
lu marriage with Miss Kuiiire M. 
Chicago, a daughter of Jonathan 
Clark, both u;;tives of England. 
Clark was formerly a very i>rominei 
contractor in Chicag 



• ■lark, of 
and Alice 
Jonathan 
prominent l)Ullding 
as such erected a 



large number of the older structures In v.hat Is 
known as the "loop." The lollouing .•lilidreii 
wore born to Mr. and Mrs. Smllli: .\rthnr 
Clark, who was born December !>. 1S77: Harold 
Conger, who was born Septemlier -i. I^-mi, ,\\.-,i 
in infancy; Una Gwendoliu, who was l„.ru 
April 13, 1SS5; Alice Koselva, who was b.,rii 
March 2.8, ISSS; and Lester Shea, who was b.^rri 
May C, 1S02. 

Through the uiediuni of the rresbyterlan 
church, of which he was a member, Mr. Sndfh 
distributed much quiet benevolence. Hi' was 
socially inclined and a welcome and coiupanlon- 
able member of such distinctive organizalb'iis 
as the Union League, Press, Chicago Yaelit and 
the South Shore Country clubs. 



CHAELES HENRY SMITH. 



That "self-made man" is a very trite e.vpres- 
slon is due to the fai.t that so few men do gain 
truly notable success, solely through their own 
efforts. When someone does thus break 
through the stereotyped bonds of mediocrity, 
the novelty and surprise in the situation occa- 
sion couH.ient. While opportunity does not 
smile at all men with equal favor, he who steps 
forward and firmly clasps her hand, who has 



grit enough to hang on while she swirl.- lilm 
sometimes clear of firm foot-hoMs, ttir"ii,'li t'l. 
scurrying crowds of frenzied nioney-Mt-lMTs 
will most likely be guided to the g..;il "f h'.' 
ambition. This ability to rccogiii/.e oim" rtunlf.- 
no matter what her disguise, and the i(T.-.i!v, 
willingness to fight his way through any .•!> 
stacle, are the two most salient c!iaracterl*!l.i 
of the man we call "self-made." 



836 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



Charles Henry Smith was boru at Camden, 
Xev\ York, October '2, ISoO. His i>areuts were 
Alfred and Caroline (Pond) Smith, both 
natives of Camden, where the father died when 
the child was but three years of a^'e, having 
been a farmei', and it was with him, in tliis 
worli, that the sou obtained his lirst instruc- 
tions alon;,' economic lines. When the lad was 
fourteen years old, his mother took him to 
Chicago with her, and here they made their 
permanent home. Charles attended tlie public 
schools near liis home, on the west side of the 
city, and, while he was enrolled, made excel- 
lent progress. Kefore finishin;,' the entire 
course, however, he withdrew from school and 
took a position in a gentlemen's fiirnishing 
store, where he remained for about two years. 
He then entered the enjUoy of Murray & Nel- 
son, commission merchants, continuing with ' 
them for lifteou years, but linalty left in order 
to acc-ept a higher po.sition, \\ith Hepburn, Smitli 
& Co. Still later he became a trader for the 
firm of Lamson Brothers, which jiositiou he held 
until 1911, when he retired and devoted his 
energies to his private interests. Mr. Smith 
was the owner of considerable land in Bruns- 
wick County, X. C, and his connection there 
led him, in 1010, to compile and cot)yright a 
map of the county. This was the tirst map 
ever made of that particular district. Aside 
from his laud holdings in the South. -Mr. Smith 
was the owner of a number of strictly modern 
apartments in Chicago, the total value of which 
is very considerable. Mr. .Smith had started In 
business as a clerk, on a very low salary; and 
the independence he enjoyed in the later years 
of his life was due solely to his undaunted 
determination to succeed and his wise discrimi- 
nation in the choice of enterprise. 

Charles Henry Smith was married in the 
Episcopal church, at llacine. on September 4, 
1S78, to Miss Xettie Harding, of Racine, Wis., 



who was a daughter of Joseiih and Kate( Fox) 
Harding. They were natives of England and 
New York, respectively, and they married and 
came west to settle in Waukesha, Wis., before 
the Civil war. At the outbreak of the Rebel- 
lion, Joseph Harding enlisted and ^served 
through the war, in a Wisconsin regiment. 
Some tiuje after the conciusion of hostilities 
he died, and his wife died in 1SG2, and the 
daughter, Nettie, went to Racine, Wis., to live 
with an aunt. Her one brother, Harry Alexus 
Harding, who was connected with the United 
States Government in some experimental work, 
in 1013, accepted a position at the University of 
Illinois. Three children have been born to Mr. 
and Jlrs. Smith, all of whom are now living 
in Chicago: Theresa Catherine, who is now 
Mrs. A. C. Harper; Elizabeth Pond, who is the 
wife of O. A. Chandler of Chicago; and S. 
Knox Smith, who is a member of the Chicago 
Board of Trade. The Smiths are members of 
the Episcopal church, and .Mr. Smith, prior to 
his death, was vestryman, junior warden, and 
treasurer of the local church and, in addition 
lent much valuable assistance in remodeling 
the church edifice. He gave much time aud .sup- 
port to various charitable work, and was one of 
those to help organize the Associated Charities. 
In politics, it was Mr. Smith's custom to cast 
his vote with the Republican party. For over 
thirty years he had been a member of the 
Board of Trade. Mr. Smith died, August 1.3, 
1012, at his residence. No. oG2.j Kenmore Ave- 
nue. The funeral services were held from the 
Church of the Atonement, and his earthly re- 
mains were laid to rest in Rosehill Cemetery. 
In life, he was a man whose mental and social 
attainments not only made him admirable i)ut 
universally well liked as well. His qualifica- 
tions as a man of business were of the sort that 
evolve success despite discouragement. 



ALBERT TRACY LAY. 



The history of a nation is tuidonbtedly a 
record of the lives and accomplishments of its 
leading men, and if this lie true, still ujore so 
is it of any industry. No concern can rise 
higher than its dominating otticials, for ujion 
their energy, sense of values. liusine.--s connec- 
tions and wise and sound policies, is it built 
and expanded. One of tlie sound and conserva- 
tive institutions of Chicago is the Cliamlier of 
Conunerce Safety ^'ault Company, of which 



Albert Tracy Lay is president. Mr. Lay is one 
of the men who through a long and honorable 
career in Chicago, and association here with 
the most representative of the city's men, has 
proven himself worthy of all trust reposed in 
him, and able to discharge any duty imposed 
upon him, no matter how onerous. 

Jfr. Lay is a native of Batavia, N. Y.. and 
was born .Tune IS, l'52."j, a son of George W. 
and Olive (Foote) Lay. .Vfter passing through 



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niSTORICxVL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



837 



Id,- ]iiilillf schools of his native place, Mr. Lay 
liivMii to display thoso qualities which were 
later to raise him to a hi^h position, and be- 
i-Mif self-supiwrtiii?. Like many young men 
of uiiiliitidus ideas, he was not satisfied v. ith his 
lioiiie town restrictions, where he could not dis- 
crn iiiiy future for his talents, and so he left 
It Mild laiiie to Chicago. His choice was a wise 
one, fur at that time this city was heginning 
to stnti h <iut and develop from a country town 
into what It has become, the second city in the 
I'liltrd States. Vpou his arrival at Chicago in 
ls)!i. when then a young man of twenty-four 
years, he embarked in a lumber business, and 
(iiiitlnuetl his associations with this branch of 
trade until ISSS. The firm at first held the 
iiai.ie of Hannah, Lay and Company, but later 
was Incorporated under the caption of the 
Hainiah and Lay Company, of which Jlr. Lay 
was pri'sldent for a number of years. He was 
also vice-iiresident of the Hannah and Lay Mer- 
Mintlle Company, and of the Traverse City 
(.Mlihi^an) State Bank. In December, 1004, 
Mr. Lay was elected president of the Chamber 
i4 ri.r:iiiii-rie Safety A'ault Coniiiany, owners of 
111.' cii.inil'cr of Couiinerce building, and is now 
:•■'.. '.:r^ t'lit THisition with the competent fidelity 
V M. !, li.is always ilistingiiished him. 

l'"f --Uty-live years Mr. Lay has liccn a resi- 
i!.:;l ..f beautiful Highland I'ark, one of the 
iiMiit ilc-lrable suburbs of Chicago, and is one 
of Its pioneers. During the same number of 
v'-ars he has been identified with the business 
liiliTi'sts ,,( Chicago, and throughout his entire 
<;ni-ir lir has always maintained a high stan- 
di id and uutlinching methods of business. Never 
■ lining .-ill of these years can it be justly said 
that he ever profited through the misfortune 



of others, for his life has been too sincere to 
admit of his defrav.ding that he might gain. He 
has been spared to see Chiojigo develop in a 
way that he never iraagiaoii, even in his most 
'langiiine thoughts, and m^y well take pride 
that he has borne no Jiglit part in this advance- 
ment. It was his intertlion ui>oi» coming here 
from the Kast, to introdivx as far as possible 
the methods fr(,iy; the older ?it!es, Into the grow- 
ing one of the Jiiddie West, that he deemed best 
fitted for e.xistiug conditions, and he has seen 
theci adopted and iniiiroved upon. In business 
life he has always followed constructive meth- 
ods and the weight of his character and the 
strength of his InilueDie have aided in bringing 
others to his policy. 

Mr. Lay was married at IJatavia, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary 20, 1855. to Miss Catherine Smith, and to 
this union were born two children : (.)live, who 
becr.me the wife of C. A. H. Mc<:auley ; and 
Katherine, who marri<'d K. F. Clinch. Mr. Lay 
is very fond of outdoor diversions and of 
tlowers. and his home grounds are beautiful 
with blo^isoms in their season. Pronunent in 
the social life of the citj , Mr. Lay entertains 
hospitably, and his home gives forth good cheer. 
He is connected with the Union League, Church 
and Builders clubs, is a member of the Chicago 
Horticultural Society, and belongs to the Epis- 
copal church, rolitically he manifests his alle- 
giance to the Itepiiblkan party, but takes no 
active part in i>olitics, aside from voting for the 
men and measures which in his mind will prove 
most beneficial to the majority. Widely known, 
conceded to be a man of ri[iened judsmeut, re- 
fined tastes, and satiacious counsel, Mr. Lay is 
sought by many, anil his friendshi]) is prized be- 
yond that of most men. 



WILLIA^I PATRICK JOHNSON. 



Trained faculties and an enlightened under- 
standing gained through long as.sociation with 
a i-ertain line of endeavor, in these modern days, 
contribute materially not only to individual suc- 
cess, but towards the growth and development 
of gigantic enterprises. The late William Pat- 
rick Johnson was a man who rose from a humble 
l»osition to those of great responsibility ; who 
administered carefully and well the affairs of 
ciimvrns whose operations affected thousands. 
.Not only did he become one of the towering 
figiu-i'i \n railro.ul history, but he also con- 
tributed much tuwariLs the advanceiueut of 
several manufacturing houses, and his name 



will always be synonymous with dignified capa- 
bility and sterling integrity. Mr. Johnson was 
born at Schenectady, X. Y., June 22, 1S34, a son 
of Alfred A. and S.irali (llichards) Johnson. 

Growing up in his native city, William P. 
Johnson was given su.-h educational advantages 
as were offered by the public schools, which he 
attended until eighteen years old, at which 
time he engaged with the Kutland Railroad, 
and continued in its employ for a period of two 
years. His experience with this road decided 
his future for him, and he came to Chicago 
Uetcrmi.uMl to de\(>te himself to milrnad work. 
For the first si.x mnntlis after his arrival, he 



8.38 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOrEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



was with the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Riillroad, and tUeu, in ISo.'i, he iisswiated him- 
self with the Illinois Central Uaili-oad. So 
marked was liis ahility that he was promoted 
until he was guneral passeu^jer aecnt for the 
road, holding ihat imiiortant position until 
June, ISSO, when he left the Illinois Central 
Railroad to l)ecome soneral passenger agent for 
the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Rail- 
road, and so remained for seven years. At the 
expiration of that period he booamo interestecl 
in the Chicago Indicator Company, which manu- 
factured automatic lights for the interior of 
street cars, which were designed to post the 
name of each successive crossing as it was 
approached, a very convenient device for the 
accomnicrtlation of the patrons of the street cars. 
Three years later, Mr. Johnson was in business 
with W. P. Williams of Chicago^ With the 
organization of tlie National Surface Cattle 
Guards Company, he bi-came its e.xecutive head 
and so continued until his retirement ten years 
prior to his demise. This latter company manu- 
factured sharp-pointed guards to be placed be- 
tween the railroad tracks at country crossings 
to prevent the wandering of cattle acri)ss the 
road's right of way. Mr. Johnson's activities 
were not confined to the actual duties of liW 
oflBces, for he was a man quick to see possibili- 
ties and act upon them. During his association 
with the Illinois Central Railroad he realized 



the need for a suburban service, and established 
and iierfected it. During the Columbian Expo- 
sition, he was one of its commissioners, and 
was enthusiastic in liis work in its behalf. A 
man of (juiet disposition, he yet possessed much 
force of character and determination in carry- 
ing out his plans according to what he deemed 
right and best. The family cherishes handsomo- 
silver services presented to him in appreciation 
of his efforts in their behalf, by both the Illinois 
Central and Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 
Railroads, at the time he retired from each 
company. 

On September 4, ISGl, Mr. Johnson was mar- 
ried to Miss Clara Getchell of Waterville, .Mo., 
a daughter of Otis and Elizabeth (Gray; 
Getchell. Three children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Johnson, namely: Edith G., Maude E. and 
Florence E. The life history of Mr. Johnson is 
completed. Finis is written across the page of 
his endeavors, hut the work he accomplished 
will live for all eternity for it was done for the 
good of humanity, and was untinged by selfish- 
ness or undue desire for personal advancement. 
It is such men as he who prove that the only 
way is the right way, and bring into their every- 
day life the faith they profess in their religious 
connections. Mr. Johnson was ever earnest in 
his adherence to the teachings of the Presby- 
terian church. 



JAMES 0. MASON. 



The record of the accomplishments of some 
men in the brief span of their life's period, 
reads like a romance. Without knowledge of 
all the conditions, it seems almost iiuiHjssible 
that one man could climb so high, or find the 
time to superintend the details of as many con- 
cerns, and yet there are a large number of 
energetic business men who are of inestimable 
value to their communities because of the in- 
terest they excite in financial and industrial 
circles, which is a healthy stimulus to trade. 
One of the men who was connected with many 
of the leading financial and business enterprises 
of Aurora, and who became one of its most 
Influential citizens, was the late James O. 
Mason. Jlr. Mason was born in Fort Ann, 
Washington County, X. Y., February 0, 1S40, 
a son of Orvia T. and Sarah A. (Otis) Mason. 
The former was horn at the same place as his 
son and there learned wagonmnki'ig. He came 
of an old and honure<l English family, founded 



here in the seventeenth century, at Swansea, 
Mass. The mother was also a native of Fort 
Ann. Her death occurred December 31, 1000, 
when she was eighty-nine years old, as she 
survived her husband seven years, he passing 
away in 1S03, aged eighty-five years. Both 
were consistent members of the Baptist 
church. They had five sons and three daugh- 
ters: the Rev. Warren, deceased; Julius, de- 
ceased ; Ellen, widow of R. D. Baker of Aurora ; 
Frances, widow of Warner E. Wright of 
Aurora; James O., deceased; Sarah A., de- 
ceased wife of L. F. Llscom of Hinsdale, N. 
H. ; Orvin T. and John T. 

After a youth spent at Fort .Ann. where he 
attended the common schools of his locality, 
James O. Mason began earning his own living. 
At first he secured employment at farm work, 
and assisted his father in his wagon shop, but 
he was not satisfied with conditions, seeking 
wider fields, and so in ISC^ he came to Aurora, 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ir.LIXOiS. 



839 



ill J tUcrenftpr was devoted to his adopted city. 
Ills IJrst I'liiiiIoyiut'Ut after eoiiiiiijj to Aurora 
WHS as a clerk iu tlie grocery of liubert I'ier- 
iH'iit, but lii.s ability aud auibitiou were too 
Ki.':\t to penult his being tied down to any 
such work, and within three years he was on 
the ri'iid as a traveliULj salesman for Fogg and 
Son, Chicago seed dealers. During the three 
years he spent iu this line of endeavor he 
gained a valuable knowledge of men and condi- 
thms. and use^t it to advantage during the re- 
mainder of his life. 

I..Mving the road, Mr. Mason established him- 
.-(•If In the bakery business, selling at wholesale 
and retail for twenty-seven years, or until this 
concern was absorbed by the National Biscuit 
t\.inpany, following which, Mr. Mason con- 
tinual in charge for four years more. In 1«05, . 
the Aurora Cor.set Company was organized by 
Mr. Mason and some associates and he became 
its treasurer, and carried its affairs on success- 
fully, until it is now one of the leading indus- 
tries of Aurora. lie was largely interested in 
what was at first the Aurora Watch Company, 
tut Is now the Hamilton Watch Company, of 
laiuii-ter. Pa. Kver since its organization, 
Mr Niason was a director of the Western 
I'nl'.d Cas and F.lectric Company. For years 
In- «.!•< \lce-presiiKnt of the German-American 
.Viil.ii.il Hank of Aurora. For a period he was 
ti..iMu<T for the State Home for Girls at 
<;cni\a. 111. He was a director and interested 
hupporler of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
cl.itlon. 

On September 30th, ISTo, Mr. Mason was 
married to Miss Itoma L. Adams, daughter of 
Charles II. and Harriet (Coleman) Adams of 
Fort Ann, N. T. On-j son. Marquis Edgar 
Mason, was born of this marriage. This son 
was educated in the public schools of Aurora, 
the Vniversity of Wisconsin, and the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technologj-, from which he 
was graduated in 1004, and is now a chemist 
of note in Chicago. He married Laura A. Rice, 
a daughter of Dr. and Mrs. M. S. Rice of 
Aurora. Mrs. >''ason, with her son and his 
wife, survive Mr. Mason. Throughout his life. 



Mr. Masou was ideutitled with the Baptist 
denomination, aud not unly save liberally 
toward its support iu money, hut lent his influ- 
ence and contributed Lis rime ro advance Its 
interests. His fratern.il coi-.nejtlons were v.ith 
the Wuubonsie Ludg v I. O. O. F. Poiitically, 
he was a strong Republican, although he never 
would accept public otfice, aside fron.i that of 
city treasurer of Aurora, In whirli capacity 
he rendered servic^ex .so valuable that the city 
benefitted very materially from his adiuiiii.-?tra- 
tiou. He always took a warm interest in the 
Y. M. C. A., and it was largely due to his ef- 
forts and influoDce tlu-t the jfresent beautiful 
Association building in Aurora was erected. 
Successful himself, ilr. M;'.son was always will- 
ing to lend a hand to lielp any young man 
whom he deemed worthy of assistance, and 
there are many succes.sful business niou today, 
who owe their prosperity to Mr. JIason and his 
sage advice. 

Mr. Mason's death, whuh occurred June 24, 
1012, did not come as a surprise to hts friends 
and business associates, as he had not been 
in gtXKl health foi some time. The funeral was 
held at his late residence, on June 27. 1912, 
the Rev. Dr. John L. .Tackson of I'.loomington, 
111., a former nnstor, was in charge of the cere- 
monies, and spoke touchingly with reference to 
Mr. Mason and his life work. The remains 
were laid at lest in Spring Lake Cemetery. 
In the death of Mr. Mason, Aurora suffered 
a very distinct loss, not only in matters of 
social, commercial and industrial interest, but 
in everything that relates to the well-being of 
the city at large. He was domestic in his 
habits and a lover of his homo and family. 
As a business man he was very tliorough in 
his undertakings, was frank and open, and 
kind to his eniployee.s. A man of strict integ- 
rity, he was broad-minded and liberal in his 
views, and yet when convinced of the right of 
a question, steadfast in holding his opinion. 
It will be a long while before his place is filled 
in business circles, and it can never he taken 
in his family, where he was a striking person- 
ality, one to be honored as well as loved. 



ISRAEL PARSONS RUIMSF.Y. 



As the metropolis of the great Middle West, 
and one of the most important connnercial cen- 
ters of the country, Chicago has long taken a 
h-ading part in the history of the day, and has 
attracteil to it some of tlie master minds not 



only in the various learned professions, but 
those who are capalde of controlling the affairs 
of mighty concerns. This feature alone is one 
which lias coiitribut,.d lari-.'ly to Chicago's su- 
premacy, as it is a fact that the interests here 



840 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



domand strcuuous action and trained ability, 
and wluTe men possessing tliesc (lualitles con- 
gregate, success is sure to follow, and a further 
enlargement of business fields and operating 
opiM>rtunities. Xo man ever rose above his fel- 
lows unless he iiossessed something more than 
they, advantages of money, mind or native abil- 
ity, and oftener than ever, the first plays but 
a small part compared to the power of the lat- 
ter. The career of Captain Israel Tarsons Ituni- 
sey, president of the well-Unown commis.sion 
house of Runisey & Company, of Xo. 141 West 
Jackson lioulevard, proves tlie truth <if tlio fore- 
going and points out to others the road to suc- 
cess. 

Captain Ilunisey was born at Stafford. X. Y., 
February 0, ISSO, a sou of .Joseph E. and Lucy 
M. (Ransom) Rumsey. After attending an aca- 
demic school, at the age of seventeen years, he 
left it to become a clerk in a Buffalo dry goods 
store, iu the employ of his uucle, K. II. Howard. 
The spirit of the great citj- Imbued him with 
some of -its resistless force, and he was fired 
with an ambition to make something of his life 
beyond that indicated by mere material pros- 
perity. Feeling that youth was better served in 
the cities further west, he went to Keokuk, la., 
iu lSri7, and there continued clerkiiig, later own- 
ing and running a newsiiaper route from one 
o'clock a. ni. to seven o'clock a. ni. Xever losing 
faith in himself, or ceasing to hunt for suitable 
opportunities, he became manager of a hardware 
store and by order of the owner moved it to 
Chicago in IS.'.T, an<l iu l^.'S left th.-it desirable 
connection to engage with Flint and Wheeler, 
commission merchants, and in this line found 
his life-work. In ISOO. the firm of Flint, Iloyt 
& Rumsey was organiv.ed, this being one of the 
early commission houses of the cit.v. The con- 
cern has develoi^ed into the present one of 
Rumsey and Comiiany, being comprised of Mr. 
Rumsey and his eldest son, Henry .V., he being 
the head. This firm ranks with the leaders in 
this field, and is one of the most extensive re- 
ceiving houses on the board. In addition to 
this connection. Captain Rumsey is also inter- 
ested along other lines, being president of the 
Praiiie State Grain Elevator Company, and a 
director of the Belden Manufacturing Company. 

In ISCl, he was instrumental iu organizing 
Taylor's Chicago Battery, which was in the 
service of the state until mustered into the 
United states service on July 10, isGl, as Conn 
pany B, First Illinois Light .Vrtillery. Mr. Rum- 
sey was elected junior St'cund Lieutfiiant, and 



later senior Second Lieutenant, and served with 
the battery through its memorable career, acting 
as Assistant Adjutant to General W. 11. L. Wal- 
lace at Fort Donelson and Shiloh, General 
Wallace being mortally wounded in the latter 
engagement. During the siege of Vicksburg, 
.Mr. Ruuisey was promoted to the rank of Cap- 
tain, and served as such until the e-\piration of 
the battery's enlisinient in July, ISUl, when he 
was honorably discharged, and returned to Chi- 
cago. He saw much active service during his 
military career, participating in a number oi' 
hard-fou!;ht battles. Including those of Bellmont, 
Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Siege of 
Corinth, Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Tost, 
Siege of Vicksburg, Missionary Ridge, in the 
campaigns of the Army of the Teune.ssee, the 
Atlanta campaign and others. 

Captain Rumsey has been active in reform 
politics, especially in securing high license laws. 
He has served as president of the Citizens 
League for suppression of the sale of liquor to 
minors and drunkards, since 1S77. In 100(j, he 
was instrumental in having passed a state law- 
prohibiting saloons within one and one-eighth of 
a mile of army posts or naval stations. He was 
also instrumental in awakening puldic interest 
and having gambling prohibited in Chicago, some 
years ago. He also waged war on the notorious 
gambling interests in Lake County just across 
the Cook County Hue, to which those desiring 
to gamble could go for twenty-five cents the 
round trip. In less than eighteen months of 
hard fighting. Captain. Rumsey succeeded in rid- 
ding Lake County of what he felt was a terrible 
inculius. X'o citizen of Chicago has accomplished 
more for good government, pure politics and the 
upholding of honorable principles than Captain 
Rumsey. In addition, he has been prominent 
along other avenues, for he served on several 
committees for securing for Chicago the Colum- 
bian E.xposition, and was chairman of the 
financial committee which raised money for 
erecting the Grace and Sixth Presbyterian 
churches, both of which he served for several 
years as an elder. For the past twenty-six 
years he has been an elder of the Lake Forest 
Presbyterian Church. For eighteen years he 
was a member of the Board of Managers of the 
Presbyterian Hospital. His relations with the 
Loyal Legion and George H. Thomas Post Xo. 
5, G. A. R., are useful to his old comrades, and 
he is al.so an honored member of the Union 
League Club of Chicago. 

Caiitain Itumsey was married in ISt'iT to Miss 



HISTORICAL EXCTCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



841 



Mary M. Axtell of Batavia, N. y., and tUoy had 
six cliildreii, namely: Juliet I-ay ; Lucy Han- 
som; Henry Axtell; Jliunie May; Frances, who 
died in infancy ; and Wallace Donnelson. Pub- 
lic spirited and charitable, Captain K\inisey has 
always given generously towards those meas- 



ures which he believes will tend towards the 
betterment of the masses, and carries Into his 
every-day life the principles lie professes in his 
church associations. The family residence is at 
I.al;e Forest and the members of the household 
all are held in the hij:host esteem. 



JOSEPH J. ELIAS. 



While insUinces are many of men who have 
been attracted to .Unerica by the opportunities 
offered to those possessing ambition and de- 
termiuatiuu, and have, through the possession 
of these qualiries, risen to place of prominence 
In the communities in which they have cen- 
tered their activities, it is doubtful if a better 
example of this class of self-made luau could 
be found tliau Joseph J. Elias, of Cliicago. 
Arriving iu this country a poor immigrant lad, 
he has worked with his hands and traveled 
the familiar but difficult roads which chance 
opportunities open to the aspirant from foreign 
lauds ; and, while his numerous business In- 
terests have calle<l for his utmost attention, 
he has not been indifferent to the duties of 
citizenship, as his connection with affairs of 
u public nature will amply testify. It is not 
within liie province of this review to euumer- 
ute the diversified e.xperiences that have 
marked the career of this energetic Chicagoan, 
but brief sketch will serve to show the steps 
by which he has risen from poverty and ob- 
bcurlty to a position where he is looked to 
among jiromiuent business meu for counsel and 
leadership. 

Joseph J. Elias is a Lithuanian, born iu the 
village of Alexandry, Lithuania-Russia, April 
15th, 1S77, one of five children, all yet living, 
of John aud Agnes (Jasulis) Elias. Mr. Elias 
eefured a liberal education in the public and 
high schools of Russia, where ho was grad- 
uated at the age of fifteen years, but, like thou- 
sands of others of his native countrymen, could 
see no future before him in his native land, 
and accordingly, iu 189.^, emigrated to the 
United States. He left his country with a 
capital which he felt assured would care for 
his needs until he could establish himself upon 
a firm footiug In his new home, but while on 
sblp-board the tru.sting Lithuanian lad was 
robbed by unsoriipulous persons, and when he 
arrived at Ellis Island he was absolutely penni- 
less. Through the activities of government 
authorities, he was found a position with a 
Connecticut farmer, and two months later was 



iwssessed of five dollars and a new pair of 
shoes. Sub.sequeutly, for three months, he 
worked as a section hand, with Italian 
laborers, on a gravel train, this employment re- 
imbursing him at the rate of one dollar aud 
thirty-five cents per d.iy. .Mr. Elias then en- 
tered the em[)Ioy of -Vrrey, Maddock & LcK-ke, 
tanners of St. Regis Fulls, X. Y., his connection 
with this firm lasting for seven years and two 
months, -sn here he became a foreman aud young- 
est leather inspector in the United States. At 
the expiration of this time, realizing the need 
of further educational training, he entered 
Notre Dame Universit.v, and for two years 
studied diligently. In the meantime, during 
vacations, he worked in the dry goods store of 
Lederer & Oppcnheimer at Forty-seventh street 
and Ashland avenue, Chicago, as a general 
salesman, and on completing his studies centered 
his whole attention upou his work for this firm, 
his merit eventually winning for him the posi- 
tion of assistant manager. 

In the vicinity of the Union Stock Tard.s, 
Mr. Elias's abilities were not long unrecog- 
nized. At the organization of tlie Union Stock 
Yards State P.ank, he was elected its manager, 
which position he held for the term of four 
years, until he was elected a county com- 
missioner. His active mind and energetic spirit 
have led hiin to interest himself In various 
other ventures of a financial and commercial 
nature. He is now jiresident of the Trince 
^■ytauto Lithuanian Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation. In Win he established the Town of 
Lake Savings Bank and Safety Deposit Vault 
Company, of which he has been president to 
this time, and is the owner of the building 
which it occupies at Forty-sixth and Wood 
streets. In addition, he is treasurer of the 
Commercial Wheat Growers' Company of Can- 
ada, a larce corporation of Winnipeg, Canada, 
and of the Lake Building Material Company, 
of Chicago. His fraternal connections include 
nieniber.ship in the Knights of Columbus, also 
meml)ership in the Knights and Ladies of Honor, 
of which he is a state trustee, and in the Catho- 



842 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



lie Order of Fort-stei-s, and in tlie latter lie is 
chief ninger uf S. D. Court, No. 1077. lie bokls 
nienibersliii) also in tbe Hamilton Club, and in 
the Cosmopolitan Sick Benefit Society. His re- 
li^'ious atliliatiun is with tbe Komau Catholic 
Church. 

Mr. Klias i.s an expert lin-uist, speaking 
Lithuanian, Russian, I'olisli, IJobemian, s;la- 
vonian and English tluently. At this time be 
is chairman of the .State Lithuanian Keiiulilican 
Alliance, and re-elected president of the United 
Lithuanian Societies of Chicago. His entry 
into public life occurred in 1003, when be was 
ar>pointed by .Tuilge Tutbill an honorary pro- 
bation ollicer of tbe Juvenile Court. He was 



apiKunted in June, ICKM!, to tbe oFlice of deputy 
sheriff, and in August of that year became the 
IJepulilicau candidate for county commissioner. 
His subsequent election gave bim a majority 
that left no doubt as to his universal popu- 
larity, which oQice, that of county commis- 
sioner, be has held for the term of four years. 
Within twenty years-, Mr, Elias has risen from 
the penniless, hard-driven farm baud to tbe 
recognized man of affairs ; further commentary 
upon his career would be sui>ertluous. 

On May 21, lOOG, Mr. Elias was married to 
Miss Martha Paskewicz, and they have had two 
cbildren: Leonard and Marcella. 



ARTHUR VERNUM GREEN:yiAN. 



Probably there is no profession that demands 
so much tact, judgment, patience, .«pec-ialized 
knowledge and natural executive ability as that 
of tbe school master, and the man or woman 
who enters into this important field, selecting 
it as his calling, must be prepared to make 
many personal sacrifices, to endure many dis- 
appointment.s, to often spend himself for others 
without apparent gratitude in return, and to 
give the best years of his life without the 
emoluments that equal effort would surely bring 
In any other profession. It is a profession for 
which there are no weights and measures. Tbe 
material with which it deals is rather that life 
stuff upon which impressions are eternal and 
affords the man who would serve the race an 
opportuuity than which there are none greater. 
One who dedicated his life to the work in this 
spirit was the late Arthur Vernum Greeuman, 
who for nineteen years was superintendent of 
the schools of West Aurora. 

Arthur V. Greenman was born at Leonards- 
ville, X. Y., July 3, 1852, but was reared at Mil- 
ton, Wis., whither bis parents, Jonathan V. 
and Euretta G. (Easterbrook) Greenman, bad 
moved in 1S.57. The ancestry is English and 
the ]iarents of Professor Greenman were born 
and mari'ied in New York. From childhood the 
youth was an ambitious student, and after at- 
tending the public .i^chools of Milton he took a 
preparatory course at Milton College and then 
the regular scientific and classical studies of 
the course. It was during his college years 
that the eye difficulties develojied which were 
to handicap Mr. Greenman throughout his life 
60 that for twenty years all his study was done 



through the eyes of others who read, to bim. 
His fitness for tbe teaching profession and love 
of the work helped bim to succeed in spite of 
this overwhelming ditliculty. 

Leaving the state of Wisconsin in 1S7S, Mr. 
Greeuman located in Davis Junction, where he 
taught for two years. For the five years fol- 
lowing be conducted the schools of Creston, 111., 
going in lsS.j to tbe larger schools of Rochelle, 
111. Upon each of these places he left the im- 
jiress of his character. Possessed of the hisb- 
est educational ideals, his schools were brought 
into line with the best and a wholesome educa- 
tional sentiment created. In tbe larger life of 
tbe community, his influence was widely felt as 
an impulse toward progress and an enriched 
life. In ISOO Mr. Greenman became superin- 
tendent of tbe schools of West Aurora and this 
remained hi.s field of greatest effort and achieve- 
ment. With the schools of the city divided into 
two systems, each was of a size to be personally 
supervised, forty teachers being under his direc- 
tion. 

Mr. Greenman always appreciated the advan- 
tage of a small school system and tbe conse- 
quent closer contact between teacher and pupil, 
r-'rom the start he sought to better conditions 
in every way and advance tbe educational 
standard. A thorough student of the science 
of education and po.=se.«sed of a natural instinct 
for child jisycbology, Jlr. Greenman made his 
schools a livins, growing organism resjionsivo 
to the best in the teacher and pupil. A grad- 
uate of one of his schools came to bear a stamp 
of efficiency that could not be mistaken. As 
was natural, a man of his ability attracted 



^l.lM*'' 



it 



r 






i V ■,* 



C^ V, /iZ\.yl^Ct<y,..^^ I 




HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLiiXOIS. 



843 



atteutioii from tUe outside anJ be was fre- 
quently honoi-ed by calls to positions in larger 
cities. These he invariably declined, for his 
heart was centered in his work at AVe^t Aurora 
and he wished to remain and watch the prog- 
ress of his pupils while tUey remained under 
his control and to be able to follow them whea 
they passed out into the larger and more per- 
plexing School of Life. To still advise, to fur- 
ther encourage and to be able to approve, these 
things were near his heart. A close student 
himself, there is no doubt but that he really 
.sjicrificcd his health through his untiring ef- 
fort.s for others and through his passion for 
reading, study and research. When stricken 
with typhoid fever he had no reserve strength 
to fall back upon and he passed out of this 
life on October 0, 1!>J0. The funeral services 
were held on the Friday following his death. 
The entire community mourned the loss of one 
of the most valued citizens, and hundreds of 
his former pupils followed his remains to the 
cemetery, their tears mingling with those of 
kindred. 

A spontaneous and beautiful memorial service 
was held for Jlr. Grceuman in -Vurora, where 
some ot those \>ho had known him best gladly 
bore witness to his worth. Dr. E. C. Colwell. 
president of the Hoard of Education, testified 
toucbingly to the warm personal friendship 
which had always existed between Prof. Green- 
man and the board, declaring that the members 
had always depended upon the noted educator 
for advice and practical assistance. George H. 
Todd spoke upon Mr. Greeuman as a man and 
citizen, declaring that the city would long miss 
him, and that his work would live after him. 
Harvey Gunsel, an old pupil, told of the intiu- 
ence this kindly, learned man had upon his life 
and that of his .schoolmates. Charles P. Burton 
dwelt urton the spiritual nature of Mr. Green- 
man, and held him up as one who had triumphed 
over handicaps that might have intimidated 
one less courageous. Senator A. J. Hopkins 
reviewed Mr. Greenman's educational work and 
spoke of the powerful influence for good he 
had wielded both in the schoolroom and in the 
city. n. D. Judson, superintendent of the Bur- 
lington schools and a close friend for many 
years bore witness to the power of Mr. Green- 
man's personality and the stimulating, enno- 
bling influence he had exerted over many lives. 



His memory «as fi.nher honored at a meeting 
of over 1,0'JO toachery nt .SpriugUeld, December 
20, IttOO, when Mr. Greenman's virtues and 
ability wers extolled by his contemporaries, 
among whom was W. L. Steele, superintendent 
of thy CalesiMirg .schools, who but spoke the 
thought of all present, v.heu he paid tribute to 
Mr. Greeumuu as a jEornuitive influence in the 
life Of tlie as.soci;,Uon and in the educational 
work cf the State. He vras always active in 
the Illinois State Teaciiers' Association, at one 
time was its president and much of its progress 
may be attributed to him and his interest in it 
and it.s members. Many organizations passed 
resolutions of reg'ct, sympathy and apprecia- 
tion, testifying to the wonderful breadth of his 
influence. 

Mr. Greenman was married December 3, 187-i, 
ti> Miss Catherine Calkin.s, and they had one 
daughter born to them, Ella M. As said before, 
Mr. Greearaaa was a deep student of the sci- 
ence of education and, in addition, was a 
teacher by birth and temperament. He was 
a'lro a maker of teachers and the beginner in 
that profi'.rsion was fortunate indeed who had 
bis constructive and stinmlating supervision. 
It was Mr. Greenman who planned and worked 
for tlie estahlishiuent of the departments of Do- 
mestic Science and Manual Training, for he 
was keenly alive to the benefits accruing, and 
long before the taxpayers, or the board itself, 
realized the neec.'^sity of giving pupils training 
along useful and practical lines. To quote from 
a memorial to Mr. Greenman published in 
pamphlet form by the Board of Education: 
■•He possessed in full measure the supreme gift 
of the teacher~tho perfect union of power and 
purixise to put light and joy and truth and 
beauty into other lives. Xo one who knew Mr. 
Greenman will challenge his right to stand with 
the few who combine a natural aptitude for 
teaching with the executive force necessary to 
energize a body of teachers." His prime inter- 
est was in character forming education. Of a 
deeply spiritual nature himself and long a val- 
ued and active niemher of the Now England 
Congregational Church, his religion was of a 
full-lived, virile sort which commended itself to 
both hi^ teachers and puiiils. The lack of moral 
and religious training in public education was 
keenly felt by Mr. Greenman and to him is due 



8U 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



the Impulr^e tmvanl the psycUolo-ical and ptHl- 
agogicul study uf the suhject ol' religious educa- 
tion which has Lieeu made a feature iii the 
various teacliors" associations in the state. His 
-\\OTk is now done ; his book of life is closed, 
ills education here is finished. We shall never 
know how nuich the world ones to the men who 
Jceep clear those two sprini-'s of life — our faHh 
.and cotiraijc. Arthur Vernum Greenman was 



one of these and may justly he described in 
l?rowning"s lines : 

"One who never turned his back but marched 
breast forward, 
Never doubted clouds would break, 
Xever dreamed, though riglit were worsted, 
wrong would triumph, 
Held we fall to rise, are batlled to fight better. 
Sleep to wake." 



JOSEPH SEAHS. 



While over three years have passed away 
since Joseph Scars was called to his final rest, 
he lives in the memory of his many friends as 
the highest type of a loyal citizen and progress- 
ive, reliable business man. He never faltered in 
the performance cf any task that was rightfully 
his, and in all liis business transactions, far- 
reaching and effective as they were, he never 
sought to benefit by the uiisl'ortune of others. 
His life was actuated by high ideals and spent 
in close conformity therewith; his teaching and 
bis example were ever inspiring forces, and his 
humane sympathy and cliarity brought men to 
Iiim in the ties of strong friendship. As a de- 
fender of the American flag during the Civil 
war, as a business man, a philanthropist, a 
friend of education, and the supporter of all 
■worthy movements which have their root in 
wuselfish devotion to the best interests of the 
country, Joseph Sears has left his impress in- 
delibly inscribed upon the history of Chicago, 
and no citizen of this city had in larger measure 
the esteem of his fellows, nor exerted a stronger 
influence for the promotion of good citizenship. 

Joseph Sears was born at Lockport, Illinois, 
March 24, ISio, and was a sou of John and 
Miranda (Blount) Scars. The father was a 
uative of Ontario County, N. Y., of Mayflower 
stock, and was descended from Richard Sears, 
who came from England about 10"0, and settletl 
on Cape Cod. He was also a direct descendant 
of John and Priscilla (MuUins) Alden. His 
educational advantages were those afforded by 
the public schools of his native town, the Gar- 
den City Institute (Chicago), Cauandaigua 
(New York) .\cadeniy, and Bells Commercial 
College. He served in the Civil war as com- 
missary sergeant of the One Hundred and 
Thirty-fourth Illinois Infantry, and later as 
regimental quartermaster with the rank of first 
lieutenant, of the One Hundred an.l Forty- 
seventh Illinois Infantry, serring in the latter 
rank until the close of hostilities. 



Mr. Sears began his business career in ISOS, 
as an employe of X. K. Fairbauk and Company, 
Chicago, becoming a partner in the firm in 1872. 
Up'jn incorporation, in ISSO, he became vice 
president, and continued in this capacity until 
lSt»l, when he organized the KeniUvorth Com- 
pany, and served as its executive head until his 
demise. This company purchased a tract of 224 
acres of land on the shore of Lake Michigan, 
fifteen miles north of Chicago, and laid out the 
town of Kenilworth, now one of Chicago's most 
beautiful suburbs. Here, from its founding, Mr. 
Sears resided with his wife and family until his 
death. 

Mr. Sears was married in Chicago, June :;nt!i, 
ISOS. to Miss Helen Stedman Barry, a daughter 
of Samuel S. and Abigail (Corbin) (Abbott) 
Harry, early pioneers to Illinois from Salem, 
Mass., and highly esteemed citizens of this city, 
and to this union six children were born: John 
Barry, Philip Rasselas, Helen Abigail, Marion 
Loui.se, who died in infancy, Joseph Alden, and 
Dorotliy. The family homestead is still main- 
tained at Kenilworth. 

Mr. Sears was a member of the Chicago Club 
and also of the Military Onler of the Loyal 
Legion. In his political afliliations he was a 
Republican but took no active part in politics, 
aside from casting the weight of his influence 
in support of men and measures, working for 
the public good. The honors and emoluments 
of office were without attraction to him. He 
saw in his cl'.osen field of labor the opiwrtunl- 
ty for constantly broadening efforts, and he 
found enjoyment in the mere accomplishment 
of the task to which he set himself. It is true 
that he desired that success which is the legiti- 
mate reward of all earnest endeavor, but there 
were interests in life which to him were para- 
mount to the mere attainment of wealth. lie 
was public-spirited and charitable, and always 
stuilicd and fostered movements wliich aimed to 
improve the public weal; was recognized as a 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



845 



n:an of eiirnost piiriio>e aud pro^'ri'ssive priii- 
clpl'-s, and was widely kuowu as a citizen of 
substantial worth, whose jud;;uitnt was soiind 
and sagacity keen. Uuassuniiug in his man- 
lier, sincere in his friendship, steadfast and 
unswerving in his loyalty to the right, it is 
but just and merited praise to say of bim as a 
business man, he ranked with the ablest. His 
death, whirli o<-curred January 30, 1012, i-e- 
moved fiom Chicago one of its most wortliy citi- 
zens. In his life were the elements of great- 



ness, because of the use he made of his talents 
and ojiportunities, and because his thoughts 
were not self-centered, but were given to the 
mastery of life's problems and the fultillmeut of 
his duty as a man in relation to his fellow- 
men, and as a citbeu in his relation to his 
country. lie rcn];iins in the memory of his 
friends enshrined in a halo of gracious pres- 
ence and kindly spirit, and he will ever be 
known as one whose etTorts were foremost in 
the advanceuicut of good citizenship. 



BENJAMIN E. BENSINGER. 



Where ambition is satislied aud every ulti- 
mate aim accomplished, efforts cease and enter- 
prise is swallowed up. The possibilities of suc- 
cessful attainment, however, continually incite 
to the exercise of energy and perseverance and 
we find in nearly every case that those who 
stand highest in public esteem and have reached 
a position of power and influence in the busi- 
ness and financial world, are those who have 
devoted their lives to deep study and close appli- 
cation to business. Among those who figure 
liromlnently in the manufacturing interests of 
Chk-iipo, is Henjamin E. Bensinger, President 
of the Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company, 
aud the jiractical head of the most important 
m.inufacluring concern of its line in the world, 
whose record is typical of modern progress aud 
develoimient in this field of activity. In study- 
ing the lives and character of men, wc are 
natur.tlly led to inquire into the secret of their 
success and the motive that prompted their 
action. AVhen we trace the career of those 
who stand highest In public esteem, it is found 
that they arc those who have adhered closely 
to honorable and progressive business principles, 
and have risen gradually, fighting their way in 
the face of all opposition. Honesty, energy, 
efiicieniy, conscientiousness and self-reliance, 
these are the traits of character that insure 
the highest emoluments and greatest reward. 
To these may we attribute the success that 
has crowned the efforts of Beu.jamin E. Ben- 
singer. There is no better indiiatiou of a 
man's real worth and character than the opin- 
ion entertained for bim on the part of his 
business associates and colleagues. The salient 
features in the career of Benjamin K. Ben- 
singer may be de<Uiced from the fact that he 
is respected by all who know him, as much 
in business circles as by those with whom he 
comes in contact in social relations. Mr. P.eu- 



smger has figured prominently In the manu- 
facturing and financiiil interests of Chicago, for 
a number of years, and has maintained througli- 
out a high standard of business principles, bis 
career being the story of laudable ambition, 
unfaltering activity and earnest endeavor to 
reach in the business field a high plane, and 
that the (jualities chosen as chief factors m 
his conmiercial career are resultant, is evi- 
denced through many years of successful opera- 
tions in the house of the Brunswick-Balke-Col- 
lender ComiKiuy, wliich enjoys both local and 
national fame. 

A splendid type of the alert, enterprising, 
aggressive man, Mr. Beusinger's record st;iud3 
to show that energy, thrift and foresight are 
the supremo powers of success. 'While yet a 
comparatively young man, he has had Ijroad 
experience and has attained a high position In 
the business world. Of a family couspicuons 
for strong intellect, imloniitable courage and 
energy, Jir. itensinger was reared among the 
refining inlluenccs ot a cultured home. A native 
of Kentucky, he was born in Louisville, that 
state, Jai'.uary 4. l.Sii8, and is a son of .Moses 
and Eleanor (Brunswick) Bensinger. His edu- 
cation was obtained in the grannnar ami high 
schools. The opportunity of an academir edu- 
cation never came to him, though of the ad- 
vantages afl'ordiil, Mr. Bensinger availed him- 
self to the utmost, and through constant study 
he became well posted and is a man of s(juiid 

observing eye and a retentive memory and lias 
Stored in the recesses of his mind nuuli that 
he has turned to account in his business career. 
At the a'4e of seveidetn years Mr. Bensinger 
became connected with the Brunswick-Balke- 
Collemler Comiian.v — the corporation having 
assumed its present name during the preceding 
year— starting at the bottom of the ladder as au 



846 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



office boy. After three years' connection with 
the conii'iiny, lie became .secretary of the T.en- 
singer Self AOdin- Cash liegister Company, of 
which hi.s father was the fonnder and presi- 
dent, and coutluued in that po.sition until the 
concern went out of existence in ISriO. lie theu 
resumed his connection with the liruiiswick- 
Ballie-Collender Company, of which he was 
elected first vice president in 1003. After the 
death of his father in the fall of VJfH, he suc- 
ceeded to the presidency, since which time, 
owing to his enterprise and aggressiveness, tJie 
company has enjoyed greater growth and pros- 
perity than ever before. This company is not 
only the largest manufacturer in the world of 
billiard and pocket tallies, supplies and bowling 
alleys, but has large factories devoied to the 
'nianulacture of bar fixtures, refriger.itors and 
general cabinet work, giving employment: to 
hundreds of skilled mechanics. These factories 
are located in Chicago, Xew York City, San 
Francisco, Cincinnati, Muskegon, Michigan, 
Dubuque, Iowa, Toronto, Canada, and Paris, 
France; and tlieir products are distributed to 
all parts of the civilized world. 

Mr. Bensinger was married in Cliicago Jan- 
uary 20, ]S9G. to Miss liose Frank, and to this 
union two children have been born : Robert 
Frank, and B. Edward, Jr. 

Politically Mr. Bensingcr gives his support to 
the Republican party and socially he is identi- 
fied with the Hamilton, Chicago Automobile, 
Illinois Athletic, Standard, City, and Lake 



Shore Couritry clubs and is vice president of 
the Associat«i Jewjsh Charities and also a 
member cf t';e Chicago Sinai Congregation. He 
spends his racition^, in foreign travel, making 
a trip to Europy each year, while his iiriucipal 
recreations at hoiiie are golf and horseback 
riding. He is a mnn of dignified and command- 
lug appearance, wh.-> makes triends wherever he 
is kuov.n, and enjoys the entire confidence and 
respect of his associates and acquaintances. A 
descendant of sturdy ancestry, be has displayed 
a capacity for large affairs, which reflects the 
higbest orsdit upon his judgment and indicates 
that he is eminently worthy of the important 
position he now fiils. 

Mr. Bensiiigcr maintains a beautiful house 
at Glencoe, and has his office at No. 029 South 
V.'ai)ash avenue. He and his wife are well 
known In social circles, both in Glencoe and 
(Chicago, where their friends are many and 
ent'Ttain for them the warmest regard. Mrs. 
Bensinger takes an active and helpful part in 
social and charitable work and is an exemplary 
Tioinun of refinement. Mr. Bensinger is inter- 
ested in all that jiortains to modern progress 
and improvements along material, intellectual 
and moral lines. He always finds time for study- 
ing and fostering movements which aim to Im- 
prove the public weal and his charities extend 
to all worthy enterprises. He is never too busy 
to be courtc-ous and cordial and enjoys the 
esteem of all men irrespective of creeds and 
political proclivities. 



HASWELL CORDIS CLARKE. 



During the heydey of life, when a man is 
achieving beyond his fellows and winning favor 
and applause, public honors and i>rivate adula- 
tion, his compelling personality may have much 
influence, but, after he has passed off the scene 
of life, and his deeds, his triuni[ihs, his failures 
and successes are viewed with the cold and 
unbiased criticism that posterity accords even 
Its highest and greatest, his true character 
stands forth and his measure of usefulness to 
mankind is clearly revealed. The student of 
history and biography knows full well how 
often this acid test brings only disappointment. 
When, then, a community, a state or nation 
can point proudly to a man the records of 
whose dally life disclosed true nobility, how 
valuable, how interesting is the story and how 
far-reaching may be its influence. To the mem- 



ory of such a man, Haswell Cordis Clarke, 
Illinois pays tribute. 

Haswell Cordis Clarke was born at Roxbury, 
now a suburb of Boston, Mass., Septeujber 2S, 
1S42, and died at Kankakee, 111., .January 10, 
1900. He was a son of John Jones and Rebecca 
Cordis (Haswell) Clarke, and a grandson of 
Rev. Pitt Clarke, a descendant of English set- 
tlers of this name who were found in Massa- 
chusetts in 1700. John Jones Clarke was a 
lawyer by profession and his record added lus- 
ter to the judicial history of his section of 
Mas.sachusetts. From Norton he moved to Ro.k- 
bury, prior to 1S42, and became the first mayor 
of that city. On the maternal side. Colonel 
Clarke had equally solid ancestry, early Eng- 
li.-^h history frequently, especially in the times 
of the Stuarts, mentioning the name of Has- 



.^" 



^-^ 



4 




\ 



{^t.^^j^ y-i^'-'-^x^ 



7f£L/^ ^ ^£<^/^ 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



847 



well. After comiileting his cour.<e in the Rox- 
bury L:itin School, Ila.s\voll Cordis Clarke ou- 
tered Harvard CoUe^'e in ISo'J, bei-omius a 
member of the class of 1S03. The agitation in 
public afiairs and the development of civil 
war, however, changed the young student's am- 
bition and from the halls of learning he sought 
the battlefiehl, enlisting, when in his junior 
year, without parental consent, and was com- 
missioned second lieutenant of his company. 
Shortly aiterward he was appointed aid-de- 
camp to General Benjamin F. Butler and re- 
mained with that military official on Ship 
Island, below New Orleans, until May, 1SG2, 
when the Union forces entered that city. In 
lS(i3, when (Jcneral Butler was transferred to 
Fortress Monroe, Va., Colonel Clarke accom- 
panied hiui and continued when General Butler 
took command of the Army of the James which 
prepared the way for General Grant to enter 
Eichmoud v.ith the Army of the Potomac. His 
association with his commanding officer was 
mutually preserved, in the bonds of close friend- 
ship and apprcc-iation, broken only by the death 
of General Butler, in 1S93. Colonel Clarke's 
military record was a brilliant one, his service. 
In addition to that above laentioned, including 
the execution of orders en the Mississippi River 
in the bombardment of Forts Jackson and Si. 
Philip, his courage in the long continued siege 
before Vicksburg and on many other occasions 
when emergencies demanded a cool head and 
quick action. On March 13, 1S65, he was com- 
missioned brevet lieutenant-colonel, and was 
honorably discharged and mustered out in Oc- 
tober of that year. 

Tlie close of his military service relieved 
Colonel Clarke of the puldic duties which he 
had willingly assumed and he returned to Bos- 
ton and in 1ST2 received his B. A. degree from 
Harvard College. In the meanwhile, however, 
he had visited Illinois, in IStlS coming to Kanka- 
kee in order to investigate a business proposi- 
tion, in which, however, he declined at that 
time to invest, but, on his second visit to Kanka- 
' kee he became interested in a large flax mill, 
the operation of whlcli claimed his attention 
until the fall of ISCO, when he discontinued and 
turned his attention for one year to the stone 
and lime business. In 1S71, when the First 
National Bank was incorporated, he became 
one of the stockholders and a member of its 
board of directors, and, witli Emory Cobb, his 
brother-in-law, as president he accepted the po- 
sition of cashier. For twenty-nine years Colo- 



nel Clarke continued cashier of this institu- 
tion and became widely known in financial cir- 
cles. Althougli he was not a public man in the 
sense that many use the term, politics and pub- 
lic affairs early interested him and, being the 
man he was, ho could not put aside the peti- 
tions of his fellow citizens when they urged his 
acceptance of olfices of responsibility, which 
meant much regarding the general welfare of 
Kankakee. He was a lover of books and of 
learning and cheerfully served on the board of 
education, and also, watching the best inter- 
ests of his ward, on several occasions served 
as an alderman, and when he became mayor 
his administration of that ollico was so wise, 
just and promotive of good results, that Kanka- 
kee, irrespective of political divisions, recog- 
nized that he was a man of noMe purpose and 
unselfish character. 

On May 5, ISiJO, Colonel Clarke was united 
in marriage with Miss Harriet A. Cobb, who 
was born at Ithaca, in Tompkins County, N. Y., 
June 12, 1S41, a daughter of William and 
Achsah (Bradley) Cobb. William Cobb was 
born at Norton, Mass., June 7, 17So, and died at 
Ithaca, April 22, 1S43. In early life he followed 
farming and continued to be so interested, in 
addition to lumbering, for the greater part of 
his life. He served in the War of 1S12 with 
the rank of colonel. On November 10, ISII, he 
married Achsah Bradley, who was born in Mad- 
ison County, N. Y., and died at the home of 
her daughter, Mrs. Clarke, February 16, 1S75, 
and her burial was by the side of her husband, 
at Kings Ferry, N. Y. Of their family of ten 
children there are but two survivors : Lemi 
Bradley and Mrs. Clarke, the latter being the 
youngest of tlie family. 

In early life. Colonel Clarke was identified 
with the rnitarian church but later became an 
earnest member of St. Paul's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, in which he served for more than 
thirty years as a vestryman. He was a promi- 
nent Mason, attaining the thirty-third degree 
in the craft, and filled all the oflices in his ad- 
vance from the Blue Lixlge. In 1SG9 he was 
made a JIaster Mason and in a comparatively 
short time belonged to the Royal Arch, at 
Kankakee; to the Council at Springfield, and to 
Ivanhoe Commandery, in 1S75, becoming a 
member of the Van Rensselaer Lodge of Per- 
fection, the Chicago Council and the Gourgas 
Chapter. In the same year he entered the 
Oriental Consistory, and on September 10, 1S79, 
received the thirty-third degree. Colonel Clarke 



848 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



was a lover of the tieautiful in art and nature 
and at times withdraw from business and tooli 
an enjoyable trip to sections of bis own land, 
including Alaslca, and in l!-91 spent some 
months in Entrlatid, Scotland, Sweden and Nor- 
way. With his enliirhteiicd luind and broadened 
views he was an ideal host and companion and 
was sought after by social bodies fur member- 
ship. He served on many boards and couimis- 



sioiis in connection with benevolent movements 
and for a protracted i)criod was secretary and 
treasurer of the I^astern Illinois Hospital for 
the Insane. He took an interest in the organ- 
ization known as the Kankakee Club and also 
the Business Men's Club, and served as presi- 
dent of both. When he passed away each citi- 
zen vied with his neighbor in showing honiir 
to his memory. 



WALTER WILLAI^U ROSS. 



To succeed as a member of the Chicago bar 
re<iuirvs more than ordinary ability which has 
been carefully trained along the lines of the 
legal profession, as well as a vast fund of gen- 
eral information and keen judgment with re- 
gard to men and their motives. In a city of 
the size of Chicago there is so much competi- 
tion; events crowd each other; circumstances 
play so important a part in tlie shaping of 
events, that the lawyer has to be a man cap- 
able of grasping affairs with a competent hand 
to effect satisfactory results. Among those 
who have won enviable distinction as a mem- 
ber of the legal profession here is Walter 
Willard lioss, with otfices at Xo. 105 South 
LaSalle street. He was born at Pulaski, 111.. 
Mareh 20, 180G, a son of Edward T. and Ellen 
(Wall) Itoss, natives of Vermont and Illinois, 
respectively. Edward T. Ross came in early 
boyhood to Illinois and attended the Illinois 
College at Jacksonville, 111., and later became a 
lumber merchant and manufacturer. His wife, 
who came of one of the old New England fam- 
ilies, was born in Illinois; her father, George 
T. Wall coming to Illinois during the thirties, 
from Providence, It. I. He had married a mem- 
ber of the distinguisherl Adams family. A 
physician, he followed his profession in Du- 
Quoiu, I'erry County, 111., and continued there 
until 1S02. During hi.s career he opened up 
one of the first coal mines ever operated in 
the state. 

After studying in the local schools, Walter 
W. Ross attended the Illinois CoUci-'e at Jack- 
sonville, 111., and in ISSS was graduated from 
the New Jersey University at Princeton. N. J., 
with the degree of B. A., and three years later 
received his degree of M. A. To further pur- 
sue his legal studies, he entered the North- 
western University law school, of Chicago, and 
at the same time receivwl practical instruction 
in the offices of Lyman and Jackson. During 
ISSO and IS'.X), he attended the Harvard Law- 



School at Cambridge, Mass., and was admitted 
to the bar of the State of Illinois in IS'JO. For 
the following three years he devoted himself 
to a general practice, but in 1S93 he was ap- 
pointed assistant corporation counsel for Chi- 
cago, and the next year was made trial attorney 
for the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Kail- 
way of Chic-ago. In 1800, he formed a partner- 
sliip with his uncle, George W. Wall, a dis- 
tinguished lawyer and jurist, who for more 
than twenty years sat upon the bench. Fur- 
ther honors were in store for the determined, 
fearless young attorney, for in 1001, he was 
made attorney general for the Delaware, Lack- 
awanna & Western Railroad with headquarters 
at New York, but in 100-j he resumed a general 
law practice with offices in both New York 
and Chicago. He devoted much of his time 
from 1005 to 1007 in litigation before the 
Interstate Commerce Commission, and has been 
entrusted with the management and supervision 
of important financial and other interests, in- 
cluding the Yerkes estate. Capable of handling 
large affairs, important interests have been 
placed in his hands, and whether in the courts 
or in the relation of counselor, he has given 
proof of his power in solving intricate legal 
problems or in devising a course of action that 
has its foundation in sound legal wisdom. 

In 3801 Mr. Ross was united in marriage 
with Miss Jane 'Rose Ames, a daughter of 
Miner T. Ames, a well-known coal mine oper- 
ator. Four children were born to them, three 
of whom are living, namely : -A^mes W., Willard, 
and Robert, the other son having died at the 
age of four years. Mrs. Ross is a direct de- 
scendant of Colonel Knowlton. who participated 
in tlie battle of Bunker Hill and was killed 
in tlie battle of Harlem Heights. She is also 
directly descendefl from William Dawes, who 
shares with Paul Revere the honor and fame 
of arousing the minute men of Massachusetts 
to prepare for the attack of the British in the 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



849 



(.[K-iil'iK battles of the Rpvolutimiarj- war at 
I.fxiiii-'ton and Concord. The t'auiily residence 
cif tbe Ikoss family is at Evauston. Mr. and 
Mrs. I!o-s belong to tbe rre.sbyterian cburch of 
that villu^'o. Mr. Koss is a member of a 
number of social orsauizationg, among them be- 
in>; tbe University Club of Chica.^'o, and the 
Kv.niston Golf Club. Endowed by nature with 
vtron^' mentality, be has so used his time and 
tnleiils In tbe acquirement of a liberal educa- 
tion and In tlie jiractice of law that be bas 
won wide recognition as a leading attorney of 
riilciipo. 

.Mr. Koss holds to high ideals in bis profes- 
flon, and his work is characterized by a devo- 
tion to duty that is somewhat unusual. He 



IS a nuin of broad information along many lines, 
and in bis iirofessiou he has kept iu close 
touch with all procedures both of a local and 
a national character. Ilis jirofessioual service 
bas ever been discharged with a keen sense 
of conscientious obligation, and his work has 
brought him to a prominent position. His per- 
sonal acquaintance with the leading citizens of 
note is a broad one, and his siiirit of good- 
fellowship makes life brighter for those with 
whom he comes in contact. Taking it all in 
all be is Interested in all that pertains to mod- 
ern progress and improvements along material, 
intellectual and moral lines and his charities 
extend to all worthy enterprises. 



MARTIN CONRAD. 



It Is not unusual that when a man is forced 
ti, ttart out early to fight life's battles for him- 
^eIt he long bears the marks and scars of tbe 
contest, but to this rule Martin Conrad is a 
distinguished exception. Through his entire 
"■arcer he has maintained a kindly spirit and 
» KTcnerous disposition that is still manifest 
luward nil with whom he comes in contact. 
I Jo <l.w»s not feel that he must con.?tautly be 
t'!i the defensive against his fellownien, but 
mlfiir that be is traveling tbe same road 
with tbein, with opi>ortunities for each to help 
ilio other. Hence be Is today venerably enjoy- 
in,; the allotted three-score years and ten in 
pcrfe( t be:ilth and complete mental and phy- 
Klcal activity. lie has always advocated that 
each individual lias his ministry, consisting of 
tbe faithful performance of daily duties, the 
fulfillment of obligations to one's fellownien, 
and few have a keener appreciation of the good 
<iuallties in others. As n defender of the Amer- 
ican flag in the great struggle for supremacy 
between the Xorth and the South in the Civil 
war, as a professional and business man, a 
friend of education and as the supporter of 
all worthy movements which have their root 
in unselfish devotion to the best interests of 
the country, Martin Conrad bas made an im- 
press Indelibly inscribed upon the history of 
Chicago, and no citizen of this city has in larger 
nieasure the esteem of his fellows, nor exerts 
a stronger influence for progress and advance- 
ment. 

Martin Conrad was born in Oneida County, 
X. Y., January 20, lS-11. a son of Nicholas and 
Mary K. (Paul) Conrad. He came to Chicago 



when a young man and grew up in this city 
during the period of its greatest development. 
His education was obtained ir. the public 
schools, and Lake I'orest (Illinois) University, 
graduating from the law department of that 
institution. Since becoming identified with the 
Peter .Schuttler Com|iany and their predeces- 
sors, Mr. Conrad has filled the ixjsitiou of at- 
torney and general agent. He is also a director 
and a member of the advisory board, and lui^ 
proven himself a careful and valuable coun- 
selor. He is a man of broad information along 
many lines, and besides his connection with 
the Peter Schuttler Company, is tbe author of 
many valuable books and monographs, and for 
many years has been actively atid officially iden- 
ti;iod with some of the state's most prominent 
institutions. 

As a member of tlie Illinois State Board of 
Agriculture since 187S, Mr. Conrad has filled 
tbe position of president or vice-president al- 
most continuously since he became identifieil 
with that institution, and. as evidence of his 
fidelity and valuable services, he has again 
been recently elected vice-president. As trustee 
of tbe University of Illinois for two years he 
filled that position with credit to himself and 
satisfaction to the public, and in the discharge 
of his duties his lompetency and fidelity could 
never be questioneil. Among his more notable 
publications are "Forestry and Profit," "Hints 
on tile Law of Contracts," and "Agency and 
P.ailiuents." Tlie-c liooks are uni(pio, carefully 
written and are valuable additions to any 
library. Mr. Conrad served as a private in the 
Civil war in Company C, Thirteenth Wisconsin 



850 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Infantry. After his discbarge in June, IMij, 
he returned to Chieago and again entered civil 
life. 

Mr. Conrad was united in marriiige at Ra- 
cine, 'Wis., in 1S7T, witii Mrs. Frances A. Os- 
borii, of Chicago, a woman of many admirable 
traits of character, and they reside at tlie Hotel 
Sherman, in this city. Though quiet and unos- 
tentatious in manner, Mr. Conrad has many 
warm friends, and those who know him well 
recognize in hira a man of substantial worth 
whose .nidgmcnt is sound and sagacity keen. 
Few men are better informed on important is- 
sues of the day and few enjoy a higher social 
standing. Tn private life he is genial and 
whole-souled, a delightful host and always a 



welcome guest, and under all circumstances he 
measures up to the highest standards which 
mark tlie individual a serviceable factor in 
the world's work for advancement. He is a 
member of the Elks fraternity and a member of 
the George H. Thomas Post, No. o. Grand Army 
of the Republic. Mr. Conrad is a man who has 
never, in the slightest degree, overstepped the 
absolute IwDunds of justice, and it cannot be 
said of him that he ever sought to benefit by 
the misfortune of others. His humane sym- 
pathy and charities have brought men to him 
in the ties of strong friendship, and his record 
is proof of the fact that success and an honored 
name may be won siuuiltaueously. 



WILLIAM! FLETCHER KEXAGA. 



William Fletcher Kenaga was born December 
6, 1S3-'), near Urbana, Chauipaign County, Ohio, 
and died Xovomber 21, 1012, at Kankakee, Illi- 
nois. He was a son of Benjamin B. and Minerva 
II. Kenaga, and grandson of Christopher Kenaga. 
Benjamin B. Kenaga was a wealthy and influen- 
tial citizen who owned one of the finest farms 
and rural homes in his county. 'SVhile he never 
held public office, he was important in his com- 
munity, and a factor in the Methodist church. 
He was the first agriculturist in the county to 
substitute higher wages to threshers in place of 
the old system of low wages and the usual dole 
of whisky. A man of integrity and high char- 
acter, he was honored and esteemed in his 
neighborhood. His wife was the daughter of 
Rev. Samuel and Ann (Smith) Ilitt, the former 
being a Methodist minister during early days at 
Urbana, Ohio, where Mrs. Minerva II. Kenaga 
was reared and educated. 

Upon the death of Benjamin B. Kenaga, at 
Janesville, 'Wis., the family moved, in ]S.">G, to 
Kankakee County, 111., where William F. Kenaga 
and his brothers operated what is now known 
as the Knos farm, thus continuing until his en- 
listment in July, 1SG2, in Company I, Seventy- 
sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He served in 
all tiie battles in which his command partici- 
pated, with the exception of the siege of Vicks- 
burg, at which time he was on detached duty, 
and was with his regiment uninterruptedly from 
his ftnlistment until April 0, ISH.'i, the day which 
witnessed the surrender of General I.ee to Gen- 
eral Grant. Upon this same day, Mr. Kenaga 
.was wounded in the right leg below the knee, 
and a few minutes later was struck by a minie- 



ball in the left ankle, the bone being shattered. 
He was then in command of Company K, of his 
regiment, in the assault upon Fort Blakeley, the 
outer defense of Mobile. Ala. It was told by 
his comrades that after falling, he rose to his 
knees and waving his sword, shouted to his men 
to rush on and not stop till the garrison was 
captured. From the field he was taken to New 
Orleans, where he was held three days, and then, 
receiving a leave of absence, arrived uL Kanka- 
kee, April 2.3, 1SG5, reaching his destination un- 
conscious, and remaining so the greater part of 
the time until June. In the meanwhile, on May 
2, ISGo, his left leg was amputated. His suffer- 
ings had been long and intense, and it was not 
until late in August, 1''05, that he was able to 
get about on crutches. 

For some time after locating at Kankakee, 
Mr. Kenega was Interested in a grain business 
with his brother, Samuel C, but after being 
elected county clerk of Kankakee County, in the 
fall of 18G5, by the entire vote of the county 
regardless of party, he devoted much of his 
time to the duties of his office, holding it until 
1S94, in which year he was made pension attor- 
ney and afterward engaged in a proliate and 
insurance business. In addition to other inter- 
ests, Jlr. Kenaga became a stockholder in 1S74, 
in the button factory at Kankakee. 

In ISGG Jlr. Kenaga was married to Miss 
Annie Sinclair, who was born in 1S32 near 
Geneseo, Livingston County, X. Y., a daughter 
of John and Margaret (Campbell) Siuclair. 
Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Kenaga : William Christopher, Katharine Jean- 
ette, and Arthur Sinclair. William C. Kenaga 



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HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



851 



wan :-r;idiiate(l from the I'luvoisity of Michigan 
mid is u»w iiumager of Ad-Art Sirvice, of the 
S< rlf'ps-McIIiie newsiiaiier advertisiiiir syndicate 
i.f ( k'M'laiid, Ohio. He iii.irriod Klnora Cole, 
III i;«il, and tlicy liave two children : William 
Siiiclulr KeiKiuM, born March 2!i, l!Xi3 ; and Ar- 
thur Cole Kena;;a, horn Novemher 20, 1011. 
Kiithariiie Jeaiietfe, the second child of Jlr. 
K'-iia^'u's lirst marriage, was graduated with the 
dc~r«>' of A. 1!., from Luke Forest University 
and Willi the degree of A. M. from Radcliffe 
<.'<il!i-L'«'. Cambridge, Mass., and is now an iu- 
!.iru'i.ir In tlie history department of the Poly- 
ledinlc High school of Tasadena, Cal. Arthur 
.^iii.liilr Keiiaga, third child of the first mar- 
rlau'i' of Mr. Kenaga, was graduated from the 
riii\.Tslty of Michigan and from Rush Medical 
CoUi-u'e, Chicago, and for eight years was in an 
jHtive practice at Herscher, III., following which 
lie uioved to Kankakee, 111., v.here he continued 
In practice until his death, February 26, 1009. 
ijuntliig from a contemporary record of Dr. 
Kciiaga. the following gives a true estimate of 
Ills character. •'He had a master mind and his 
p!ore--ional i-UiU was above the average. He 
vv;i^ rr.'i'^'ulzid by his professional brethren as 

. : t t!!" 'est phy.sicians in the county, if not 

i'{ It.' >iiit.>. i:\i'ry man, woman and child in 
i" .- piri oi tlu> county was his friend and his 
d.-.,(li iau>.>; univiT.sal mourning here. Always 
cviirtiHius. alwiiys friendly and outspoken, he 
wielded a strong influence on those with whom 
lie came In contact. His presence in the sick 
riMiiii was an inspiration and many a patient has 
luriifd towards recovery simply by the courage 
he seemed to inspire. He had a brilliant mind 
and was a master In his profession. His friends 
loved hiui for his unvarying cheerfulness, his 
kindness of heart, his unfailing courtesy, and 
thoiightfulnoss for others." 

Mrs. Annie Sinclair Kenaga died in 1870 
at the age of forty-two years, firm in the 
faith of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Ken- 
uga's second marriage united him with 
Miss Nettie M. Sinchiir, who enjoyed the 
distinction of being the first woman county 
superintendent of schools in the S>tate of Illi- 
nois, having been appointed to the position by 
the board of supervisors to fill the vacancy 
caused by the resignation of Fred W. Beecher. 
After serving one full term, to which she was 
later elected, she declined renomination, her 
marriage following soon afterward. She re- 
ceived her education in the college at Geneseo, 
X. Y. Two children were born of Mr. Kenaga's 



second marriage : JIary L., who is Mrs. Frank 
Gardiner, and Annie Margaret, who is Mrs. 
Grant Claiiperton. The former resides at Chi- 
cago, Mr. Gardiner being a member of the edi- 
torial staff of the Chicago Herald; while the 
latter lives at Kankakee, Mr. Clapperton being 
the agent for the Chicago, Indiana & Southern 
Itailroad of that city, 

During his lifetime Jlr. Kemiga served both 
as deacon and elder in the First Fresbyteriau 
Church of Kankakee, to which he and both wives 
belonged. He was identified with leading fra- 
ternal orders, being a member of Kankakee 
Lodge Ko. 3^9, A. F. & A. M.; Howard Lodge 
No. 21S, I. O. O. F. ; Kings Forest Camp, M. W. 
A.; Whipple Post, G. A. R. No. 41 1 ; Loyal Legion 
of the United States, Commandery of Illinois; 
was a charter member of the Hoyal Arcanum, 
of the Grove City Coramandery, and of Whipple 
Post, and held many ollices at different times. 
From 1S92 to ISOo he served as vice-commander 
of the Department of Illinois, G. A. R., and, in 
fact, from the organization of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, took an active part in its work 
and maintenance. Jlr. Kenaga was one of the 
leaders in the movement which resulted in the 
erection of a soldiers' monument in the court- 
house squaro at Kankakee. In 1ST9 he served 
as chairman of the finance committee having iu 
charge the first commemoration of Decoration 
Day at Kankakee, and lield the same important 
office in 3SS5. He not only did much of the 
work attendant urwn the erection of the soldiers' 
monument at Kankakee, as mentioned before, 
but was on several of the committees which had 
in charge the dedicatory services iu 1SS7. An- 
other act of his which deserves special mention 
was that of securing marble headstones over the 
last resting places of the old soldiers. Al- 
though a law allowing such stones to be [ilaccd 
at the government expense was jiassed in 1805, 
no successful efforts were made relative to 
Kankakee's soldier dead, until the matter was 
taken in hand by Mr. Kenaga, who carried it 
through to a successful complftiun. 

Politically he was a Republiftin, and for years 
was chairman of the Kankakee County Republi- 
can Central Committee. From 1001 to 1911, he 
served as president of the Ceniotery Association. 
In ISOO, he was made president of the board of 
education of Kankakee, and was a member of 
the board for many years, a portion of the 
time being its secretary. In ]9<J3, he was candi- 
date for mayor of Kankakee, but was defeated 
by the liquor element. 



852 



IIISTOrJCAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



In coiiiineiitiiig on tbe dcatli of Mr. Kenaga, 
the Kankakee Iteimblican said, in part, as fol- 
lows: "The death of Mr. Kenajra marks the 
jiassing of one of Kankakee's foremost citizens. 
WhiU" for the [last few years he has been in re- 
tirement, for many years he was one of the in- 
flnential men of the county. His political 
strength was so in evidence that on many occ-a- 
sions when he sought office, there was no oppo- 
sition. He was a man of into^irity and honor." 

The Kankakee Democrat said : "Out of re- 
spect for the memory of William F. Kenaga, for 
twenty-four years county clerk, tlie otlice of the 
county clerk was closed this afternoon during 
the hour of the funeral and the county court 
adjourned for the day." 

The Kankakee Gazette said of him : 

"William F. Kenaga was one of Xatu-re's 
noblemen. His kindly disposition drew all men 
to him and his largeness of lieart and helping 
hand extended to all who appealed to him made 
him warm friends without number. Identilied 
from the earliest days of this city and com- 
munity with all that was best, he leaves a record 
for well doing that few men approach and none 
will excel. His death will come as a personal 
loss to a circle of friends rarely secured to a 
man, and his life which was a benediction tu 
those who remain, will always be a sweet mem- 
ory and inspiration to them." 

One who knew and loved him, said of this 
truly good man : "He was honest to a fault, 
and so honorable in his dealing's tliat his word 
■was never disputed or his conduct questioned. 
He was modest and adverse to ostentation and 
publicity, and sought only the kindest and high- 
est in everything. He was tlHiu;:litful for others 
and never purposely woumled or criticised. 



Generous and broad, such men are not easily 
forgotten. It is a heritage of gracious person- 
ality that is more to be treasured than riches 
or spectacular charities or fauie." He was al- 
ways helping others financially, although he 
asked little in return. At his death, many or- 
ganizations and fraternities united in paying 
tribute to his memory by resolutions and at- 
tendance at the funeral. A most beautiful and 
touching memorial address was delivered at the 
funeral service at the First Fresbyterian Church 
on November 27, 1912, and no more fitting end 
to his biography can lie given than the closing 
remarks of a clergyman, a man who knew well 
and thereby truly honored Mr. Kenaga. 

"Is it any wonder that we all mourn the loss 
of this good man today, and feel that his like 
we shall, not soon see again? I cannot close 
without this brief word of application. Oh, fel- 
low citizens, members of this church and con- 
gregation, behold and see the end that awaits us 
all! And when it comes to the iiarting of the 
ways what is worth while as we look back on 
the way God has led us, or forward to the great 
eternity which awaits us— what but personal 
allegiance to God, to country, to liome and to 
church such as was manifest in the life and 
career of our beloved elder, friend and feilov/ 
citizen? What shall avail you and me when the 
end comes if we are not like him to merit ap- 
proval on earth in some such words as these : 
'He was a good man and after he had served 
his own generation, by the will of God, he fell 
asleep.' And from the lips of our Lord and 
Master in Heaven : -Well done, good and faith- 
ful servant, enter thou into the joy of thy 
Lord.' " 



]\IARYIN A. FARR. 



Without the efforts of the real estate men of 
any community, it would be impossible for it 
to attain any prominence, and it this is true of 
the smaller cities, it is all the more so regard- 
ing such a center of industrial and commercial 
activity as Chicago. During tlie past half cen- 
tury, its growth has been phenomenal, and its 
progress has been marked by a series of brilliant 
efforts on the part of the men who have de- 
voted themselves to exjiloiting its advantages 
in every respect, thus inducing the investment 
of capital, and the selection of the city as a 
permanent place of residence. Among those 
who have achieved more than passinc; prom- 



inence as a handler of realty is Marvin A. Farr, 
whose record, as an alert and reliable operator 
In this field, is stainless and enviable. That he 
stands well with his business associates is a 
further proof of his ability and integrity, and 
he is proud of the friendship of many of the 
leading men of the city. Marvin A. Farr was 
born in Essex County, N. Y., iu XSo2, a son of 
George W. and Esther (Day) Farr, and scion 
of one of the old representative Massacnusetts 
families, as he is a direct descendant of George 
Farr, who, with his brother, Thomas, settled 
in Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1C29. The lino 
of descent is through both Thomas and George 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS 



853 



(1). Stfii'u-n (12), Stephen (3), Stephen (4;, 
Stephen (o), Randall (0) niid Geiu-„'e W. (7). 
On the uiatetnal side Marvin A. Farr is de- 
scended from Anthony Day, who came to 
Cloucestir, Mass., in lt5:j.'j. Tbe lineai;o runs as 
follows: Antliony (1), Nathaniel (2), lien- 
jiiudn (3), Jonathan (4), Jonathan (J), and 
Hezallcl (tJ), Mrs. Farr having heec a daugh- 
ter of Bezaliel and Celinda (Day) Day. The 
auifstors of Mr. Farr in all hranches were 
ninnn^' the earliest settlers in this country, hav- 
ing: endgrated in the seventeenth centuiy. George 
W. Farr, the father of Marvin A. Farr, came 
west in the lifties, and located at Grand FLapids, 
MJch., where he engaged in the lumher and mer- 
rantlle husiness. Ilis death occurred there in 
lS<kl, when he was fifty-five years old. His wife 
died several years ago, aged eighty-three years. 
.Marvin A. Farr received his early educational 
training principally in private schools, and at 
Carroll College, Waukesha, Wis., supplementing 
these Inst motions by private lessons and exten- 
sive tnivellhg in the United States and Fnrope. 
After being graduated from Carroll College in 
l.sTl he began his business exi>oriences as an 
oiiEploye of II. H. Porter and James B. Good- 
mnu of Chicago, who were tlien engaged in a 
rrni t->tute and lumber business. Later be be- 
«inic n nienilier of the firm of James B. Good- 
Binn & Co., and in 3892 ho embarked in a real 
t "fate Irjslness for himself. He was also man- 
:i;:(T of the West Chicago Land Company, oper- 
ntlng extensively in subdivisions of west side 
^uburbun property. For over thirty-five years 



he has been actively engaged in the realty busi- 
ness at Chicago, spe<-iali7.ing on handling subur- 
ban and manufacturing properties. He has iong 
been a member of the Chic.-igo Heal Estate 
Board, and has served as its president. While 
devoting himself to real estate, he has found 
time to become interested ab'ng other lines, and 
is now a director of the Chicago Title & Trust 
Company, and is connected with several corpo- 
rations. He is an active member of the Chi- 
cago As.sociatiou of Commerce and is a member 
of the Chicago Plan Comniissicm. His social con- 
nections are with the Union League, Midlothian 
. Country and Kenwood clniis, in all of which 
he has filled various o/lices, and was president 
of the last named club for two years. Iii pol- 
itics he is a I£epublican. In religious faith he 
belongs to the Kenwood Evangelical Church. 

In ISSU Mr. Farr was united in marriage with 
Miss Charlotte Camp, a daughter of the late 
Isaac X. Camp of Chicago. They have two 
children : N'ewton Camp, who was graauatcd 
from Cornell University as a civil engineer, and 
is now engaged with his fafher in the real estate 
business; and Barbara, v>ho is still at home. 
Mr. Farr has olhces in the Marquette building, 
while his family residence is at No. 4737 Wood- 
huvu avenue, v.hcre he and his family entertain 
their many friewK A man of broad ideas, Mr. 
Farr holds his friendships and lends his aid 
to those measures looking towards a further 
development of the city where his influence has 
beeu so potent a factor for many years. 



MILTOX B. TITUS. 



For fifteen years Dr. Milton B. Titus has 
figured prominently in the medical profession 
of Chicago, and has maintained throughout his 
c-areer a high standard of ethics and honorable 
principles. A man of skill and capability, he 
has risen in his profession and has deservedly 
won the iiosition he holds among his fellow 
physicians. Born at Treadwell, X. Y., April 0. 
lSr)8, Dr. Titus is a son of Lewis F. and Lois R. 
(Smith) Titus, who, after the birth of their 
soil, moved to Steuben County, X. Y., and 
became prosperous farming people. Coming of 
e.xcellcnt American stock, they were worthy of 
every consideration, and stood high in the esti- 
mation of their fellow citizens. Lewis F. Titus 
died in ISO?., when forty-seven years old, but 
his wife survived him many years, dying in 
December, 1001. 



Milton B. Titus grew up on a farm where he 
was taught habits of thrift and industry which 
he has never forgotten, and developed his 
physical forces in healthful work. During this 
formative period he attended both private and 
public schools, in Delaware and Steuben coun- 
ties, N. Y., while later he entered Corning Free 
Academy, at Corning, X. Y., from which he was 
graduated as valedictorian, in 187(1. In order 
to earn money sufficient to carry liini through 
medical college, this ambitious young man 
began clerking in a store at Blossburg, thus 
continuing until 1S7D. In that year he began 
the study of medicine, matriculating in the 
medical department of the University of Xcw 
York, from which he was graduated in 1S81, 
his standing in a class of 220 being such that ho 



854 



IIISTOrJCAL EN-CYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



receivoil u casli prize cif .^.'.''O, Imt one utlier In 
the class liavii)- a.s lii^-U a stantliiig. 

ILiviii;,' jirepared liiiuself, Dr. TitiLs be^'aii an 
active iirattice of medicine at Allentown, N. Y., 
where iie remained for seven years and during 
that jieriod was president of tlie Allck-any 
County Medical Society. In l&SS, he moved 
to AVhitesville, X. 1'., where he continued In 
practice until ISOS, but in that year came to 
Chica^'o. where he found a ^'ratifying apprecia- 
tion of his talents. lie maintains an otBce at 
No. 1005 W. JIadison street, not having 
changed his address since locating in Chicago. 
DuriIl^' tills time he has won recognition as a 
well trained and able member of his profes- 
sion, and is thoroughly abreast of the progress 
made in medical science. Dr. Titus has dis- 
played a dignified capability along educational 
lines, but he feels that "his professional inter- 
ests and duties are paramount iu his life. His 
mcuibeisbip with the Chicago Medical Society 
and the American Medical Association is a 
source of benefit and pleasure to him. 

Dr. Titus was married October IS, 1S.S2, to 
Miss Jessie S. Sheflield, a daughter of George 
and Hannah Palmer (Weed) Sheffield, and 
they have bad two sons: George S., and Mil- 



tuu i;.. Jr. Geor-e S. Titufi was born October 
-'S, 1SS4, and married -Miss Manuelite Gott- 
schalk, a daughter of Dr. I^mis Gottschallc, of 
Newark, X. J., being now a resident of Min- 
neapolis, Minn. Milton 15., Jr., was born De- 
cember 7, 1901. Dr. Titus belongs to the 
Methodist Episcopal church, of which the fam- 
ily are also members. The Masonic fraternity 
holds his membership, he having joined the 
order at Wellsville, X. Y. The Titus family 
residence is at Xo. 112 Xorth California ave- 
nue, and is the ho.spitable center of a cultured 
circle, which is entertaiuetl with quiet elegance. 
Mrs. Titus is well known in the social life of 
the city, and takes an active and helpful iiart 
in charitable work. She is a descendant of old 
Xew England stock, members of which figured 
prominently during the Colonial epoch of this 
country, the family having been founded in 
America in 1618. Her ancestral line is traced 
back to George Dennison of Revolutionary 
fame, who served as a member of a Rhode 
Island regiment, and later as a member of the 
General .\ssembly of that state. In both the 
paternal and maternal lines she is eligible to 
membership with the Dauglitcrs of the Ameri- 
can Revolution and the Colonial Dames. 



WILLIAM GORDON S^VANNELL. 



In the death of William Gordon Swanuell, 
which occurred April 20, lS;i2, the city of 
Kankakee lost a man who had ever shown him- 
self reliable and capable in the marts of com- 
merce and trade, and patriotic and public-spir- 
ited as a citizen. Ills long and industrious ca- 
reer brought him financial independence and 
social jircbtige. and at his death he left his 
family the priceless heritage of an honorable 
and honored name. 3Ir. Swannell was born at 
Chateris, Cambridgesliire, England, October 11, 
1S2.3, and was a son of John and Temperance 
(Gordon) Swannell. Xot long after the birth 
of Mr. Swannell, his father made removal to 
St. Ives, Huntingdonshire, England, where the 
mother passed away iu lS2;i. and in ISGO, the 
family went to London, where Mr. Swannell 
received his introducti(jn to business affairs in 
assisting his father and brothers in the man- 
agement of a dry goods establishment. When 
the father died tlie younger men disposed of 
their interests in England and came to the 
Vnited States, and William G. first located in 
Kankakee in 1S4?. For a few years he was 
engaged iu teaching in the country schools 



in and about Momence, his first winter term 
being in Eeebe Township. From 1S51 to lSr.3 
he kept a general store in Jlomence, but iu the 
latter year disposed of his interests and re- 
moved to Kankakee and erected the first busi- 
ness building on the south side of Court street, 
occupying it as a drug store, and later opened 
a second establishment of like nature on East 
avenue. He retired from that business to 
establish the Commercial Bank and erected its 
building in 1S71. Ho disposed of his holding.^ 
therein some years later, and went to Waldron, 
111., wliere he engaged in the manufacture of 
wrapping paper, and through able management 
made a success of a business that had all hut 
failed under its former owners. Mr. Swannell 
was a heavy builder in Kankakee, and erected 
a large per cent of the earlier buildings in the 
city. He was associated with most of the en- 
terprises and improvements which have ma- 
terially aided the cit.v, and with others secured 
the building of the Kankakee & Indiana Rail- 
road, now a part of the Big Four system, which 
has been of such great value to Kankakee. Dur- 
ing the troublesome days of the Civil war, Mr. 



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HISTOKICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



855 



Swanuell served as uiayur of Kuiikakee for 
two tiruis, and assisted materially in securing 
troops from this part of the state. He was one 
of the organizers of the liuilding and Loan 
Association, of which he was president at the 
time of his death. His good taste has left its 
mark in the beautiful Mound Grove cemetery 
and many of the large business blocks. His 
advi'o and counsel in business affairs were al- 
ways valuable and greatly sought. Fraternally, 
he was eounected with the Masons aud Odd 
Fellows, being one of the charter members of 
Howard Lodge, and at one time a representa- 
tive of the Grand Lodge of the State. His 
numerous friendships were evidence of his uni- 
versal popularity. Ever an earnest Christian, 



he was, until within a sliort time of his death, 
senior warden and a Sunday school teacher in 
St. I'aul's iTotestaut Ejiiscopal Church, and was 
always active in its movements, being of a 
generous and charitable nature. 

On October 2, is.jil, Mr. Swannell was mar- 
ried to Miss Laura A. llristol, an aunt of Bish- 
op Frank Bristol, at Knyaltnn, Niagara County, 
N. y., dau^htcT or l.i-wr.'lt and Elizalieth A. 
(Cowles) Bristcil, natives of western Xew 
i'ork, and strvn-', conscientious. God-fearing 
peo[)le. Five children have been born to Mr, 
aud .Mrs. Swannell, namely: Florence, -Mildred, 
Bertha, Winifred and William Gordon, of whom 
Florence and William Goiduu are deceased. 



EREDERICK BARNARD. 



The ordinary man never stops to think what 
he owes to John Gutteuberg who about IJiJT 
invented movable type, or the countless ones 
who came after him improving the art of print- 
ing, until at the present time it has been brought 
almost into a state of perfection. Without this 
art, civilization would have stood still ; the 
newspapers would have never come into e.xist- 
eiica; bool-s would be only of the kind that 
■were jjreservod through the painstaking care of 
those whose jwumauship was readable, aud his- 
tory would be not much more than legends 
haudcxl down from father to son. It is a far 
cry, however, from the invention of the pioneer 
printer John Gutteuberg, to the magnificent 
plants of the modern printing establisbuients 
of today. Nothing seem.s impossible in the 
reproduction art, and countless inventions have 
been perfected until it appears that uotUiug 
further can be accomplished, although those 
who understand all the possibilities of the work 
declare that the end is far away. Chicago, as 
Is natural, is the home of some of the most 
reliable printing houses of the country, and one, 
that has the distinction of being the oldest law- 
printing establishment in the city, is that of 
Barnard & Miller, of which Frederick Barnard 
was not only the senior member, but at the time 
of his death, the oldest employing printer of 
Chicago. Mr. Barnard was born at Somerton, 
Somersetshire, England, October 3, ISrid, a son 
of Qlionius and Amelia (Frampton) Barnard. 

Growing up in his native place, Mr. Bai-n.ird 
was given the advantages of the schools there 
until ]>^-47, when he came to the fnited States, 
and settling at Chicago, began what was to be 



a successful business career, as a newsboy for 
the Chicago Journal. Later he developed into 
a printer, learning his trade in the Journal 
ottice, and became a master iiriiiter in January, 
lioT. In that year he founded the firm of 
Beach & Barnard, which later became Beach, 
Barnard & Company, thus continuing from IsTl 
to 1S'j3, when the present caption was adopted, 
so that this concern is one of the oldest job 
printing h-ji:tes in Chicago, as well as the old- 
est legal printing firm. After the name became 
Barnard & Jliller, the house began specializing 
in legal printing, and have since continued to 
confine themselves to that class of work, their 
accuracy and elhciency having been demon- 
strated through years of successful prosecution 
of their business. Mr. Barnard took pleasure 
in the fact that ho was the oldest "boss" printer 
aud the oldest "ex-newsboy" of Chicago. In 
former years Mr. Barnard was president of the 
Chicago TyiX)thctae, and he was a member of 
the Chicago Historical Society, the Oak Bark 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., the Lincoln Council, the 
National Union and the Old-Time Printers- So- 
ciety, having been a valued member of all. The 
Congregational church held his niembcrshiii, 
and benefited from his generosit.v. 

In 1S.jS Mr. Barnard was married to Miss Jen- 
nie A. McLean of ChicaLro, who sur\ives him. 
Six children were Ivirn to them, namely: Jen- 
nie A., who is deceased ; Bertie, who is Mrs. 
John J. Miller ; Lucy, who is Mrs. W. M. Elton ; 
Alice, who is Mrs. F. M. Wasner; and Edward 
and Frederick, all of whom have lieen a credit to 
their parents. Mr. Barnard had nothincr to 
assist him in his fight with the business world 



856 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



except true grit, a Uetermliiatiou to wiu, ami 
the aliility to work hard and often. It was hi? 
honest belief that what he did any indiistilons, 
thrifty young man can accomplish, esiK!Cially 
when so many advantages are offered th;'.L never 
c-ame his way. He was never satisfied w :th 
what he accomplished, but he kept ok working 
for something just beyond, and as he had abil- 



ity, ho uever failed to grasp firmly what he 
overioo;;. Ha\in5 worked his way up from the 
very bottom of his line of business, he knew 
what to ex;,ect ot his men, and how to make 
due allowance for tbem, and was greatly be- 
loved by fliem as vrell as by his associates in 
the business woild, and in neighborhood and 
fraternal circles. 



CHARLES FREDERICK GUNTHER 



Only in name does Charles F. Gunthei give 
indication of his German birth and parpntage, 
for he is distinctively American in tliought and 
interests. This does not mean that be does not 
feel a love tor the land of his nativity, and ia- 
deed he is recoguized as a man of the wide-t 
catholicity of spirit, to whom all people are a 
subject of interest and all history a field for 
research. To characterize Mr. Gunther and his 
life work in. a single sentence is imixjssible, for 
his interests are of a must broad and xaried 
nature, and while he can give sage advice to 
the young man starting in business, for he 
carved out for himself the path to success, he 
can speak with equal authority concerning an- 
cient civilization and modern scientific investi- 
gations. V.'hile he has traveled widely, he has 
made Chicago his home .'^ince lSt)3, and it is 
In this city that his commercial activities have 
centered. The beautiful town of Wildberg, in 
the midst of the celebrated Black Forest district 
ot Germany, was his birthplace, and the date 
March G, 18.^7. lie was, however, only six years 
of age when his parents came to the United 
States with their family, arriving at New York 
after a voyage of fifty-two days from the port 
of Havre. The family home was established 
In Lancaster County and later .Somerset, Pa., 
and after pursuing his education iu the public 
schools there. Charles F. Gunther began carry- 
ing government mail over a route of forty miles 
to Johnstown and return on horseback for the 
meagre wage of twenty-five cents i)er day. Since 
the spring of ISoO, however, he has been con- 
nected with the middle West, for in that year 
the family removed to Peru, 111., and he there 
had the opportunity to continue his education 
as well as to advance in business training and 
competency. 

In his youthful days he became a clerk in a 
drug jitore and to some extent read mediciue. 
He was also at one time an employe in the 
post ollice at Peru and afterwards became con- 
nected with the banking house of Alexander 



Cruckshant as the local correspondent with the 
faiiious ("tiicago bank of George Smith & Com- 
pany. Ho seeme<J in this connection to have 
found a task suited to his abilities, for he 
worked his way upward and after a few years 
was made cashier of the institution. However, 
he severed his connection with the bank to enter 
the service of BoUlen, V.'ilsoii & Company at 
Memphis, Tenu. They were conducting the most 
extensive ice business in the South, obtaining 
their suppl,? at Peru, 111. Itesidiug below the 
Sfsson and Dixon line and being brought, by the 
impressment of his firm's resources and steam- 
ers, iu the natural course Oi' circumstances, to 
the cause of the Confederacy, he entered the 
Confederate navy service as a steward and purs- 
er, purchasing supplies and transporting troops 
along all tne southern rivers tributary to the 
Mississippi. At length the Union troops ob- 
tained possession of Memphis and New Orleans 
and captured the steamer upon which Mr. Gun- 
ther was serving that had escaped up the 
Arkansas River, and the steamer was burned 
by the Union troops. A year later he was cap- 
tured iu the line of battle in a cavalry charge 
and made a prisoner of war. Soon afterwards, 
however, he was released and returned to his old 
home in I'eru. Later he accepted a position in a 
Peoria bank and his nest change in business 
connection brought him to Chicago as the first 
traveling salesman out of this city into the 
eastern and .southern territory as far as New 
Orleans for the confectionery house of C. W. 
Sanford. He traveled over Ohio, Michigan, In- 
diana, West Virginia and Kentucky, and wliile 
thus employed made his first trip to Europe. 
He afterwards became an employe of Thompson, 
Johnson & Company, wholesale grocers of Chi- 
cago, and later became the Chicago reprcsnita- 
tive of Greenfield, Young & C^ompany. leading 
New York confectioners. In the fall of ISOS 
he opened a retail business on his own account 
on Clark street and thus established the first 
higli-class store of the kind in the city and for 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDlA OF ILLINOIS. 



857 



many years thereafter bis establishniont set 
the standiird for kindred uudcrtaliiuss. 

It was Mr. Gunther who first introduced and 
placed uiion tlie niarliet the caramel, one of the 
most notable of the Auiericau confectiiins. lu 
the great conflagration of 1S71 his store was 
destroyed, but with notable energy and deter- 
mination he resumed the business and on State 
street built up an enterprise second to none in 
Chicago and with few parallels in the counti-y. 
Until recently he has remained proprietor of 
this establishment, which had become a synonym 
to Chicago residents and visitors of all that is 
attractive and artistic in the way of equipment 
and purity in the matter of the product. Net 
only have the confectionery and restaurant de- 
partments been kept up to the highest standard, 
but the [latrons of the store have had an object 
lesson in history in the rare and almost price- 
less portraits and works of art which there 
adorn the walls. Originality has always char- 
acterized the business methods of Mr. Guuther, 
who in fact has nxanifested the spirit of the 
pioneer in formulating and executing plans for 
the development of his commercial interests. 
Many of the supposed ui>-to-date ideas prevail- 
ing among Chicago retail merchants at the 
present time were introduced into the city by 
him and utilized by him many years ago. In 
fact he raised the standard after which many 
have followed. He was the first merchant in 
Chicago to advertise in the local news space of 
the daily journals when all other matter of 
that character was found in the advertising 
columns. He realized how quickly and effect- 
ively such advertising would be brought to the 
attention of readers and thus he instituted a 
plan that has since been widely adopted. He 
was the first merchant in Chicago to introduce 
advertising novelties in his business. More than 
thirty years ago the unique and novel, as well 
as artistic, character of the Gunther advertise- 
ments was as distinctive as the superior qual- 
ity of his product. Many of these novelties 
were brought from Europe by Mr. Gunther, and 
while not originally manufactured fur that pur- 
pose, he readily understood how this use could 
be made of them and. adding his name and 
business address, sent these out to make known 
to the city and country at large the progre.';- 
sive methods of Chicago's foremost confec^ 
tior.er. In the management and direction of 
his business he was very .systematic. No detail 
was regarded as too unimportant to claim his 



notice, nad, moreover, he know the duties of 
almost eve'-j- euiiiiMye and knew when they were 
being properly dls>.!'.arged. A man of great en- 
ergy and >voudorf!il capacity for work, he not 
only founded ;i:..l conducted the extensive manu- 
facturing and nietcautile interests with which 
his name was so long associated, but even now, 
at the age of acveuty-eight years, when success 
is his s'lUicieut to enable him to put aside 
businej-s cares, )?e elves his personal attention 
to the laanagement of. his extensive private in- 
terests and acts as president and active man- 
ager of the Gunther Confection and Chocolate 
Company, the business he founded, and which is 
one of the besJt known concerns in its line in 
the United States. 

Long recognized as the leader in his line and 
as a most successful merchant, it has followed 
as a logical sequence that Mr. Gunther has 
taken an active part in affairs of public mo- 
ment, impi'ovement and upbuilding of the city. 
A remarkable coincident in the life of Mr. Gun- 
ther anil the history of tlie city of his success 
is the fact that he was born the same year, 
mcnth, week and within t\\o days, in 1S3T, that 
Chicago was Incoriwrated. One of the leaders 
01 the Chicago Democracy and with firm belief 
in the democratic principle of equal rights to 
all and special privilege to none, and tariff for' 
revenue only, which latter doctrine has long 
been one of the strong planks in the Democratic 
platform, he has nevertheless eschewed public 
cttice, desiring no such recognition of his party 
fealty. However, his ivllow citizens have twice 
called him to the city council and in 1001 he 
was elected city treasurer, in which position 
his administration was characterized by the 
same business-like and energetic siiirit that has 
gained him prominence and leadership in com- 
mercial circles. 

In ISOO Mr. Gunther was married to Miss 
Jennie Kurnell of Lima, lud., and unto them 
v--eL-e born two sons, Burnell and Whitman, the 
latter of whom is now deceased. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Gunther have long been identified with or- 
ganizations lor the i)romotiou of Chicago's wel- 
fare and he has ever wielded a wide influence 
for progress and improvement. It is true that 
his chief life work had been that of a remark- 
ably successful manufacturer and merchant, 
but the range of his activities and the scope of 
his influence have reached far beyond that spe- 
cial liold and he belongs to that public-.siiirited, 
useful and he'pful type of men whoso ambitious 



858 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



are centered and directed Jn those chnnuels 
through which flow the greatest and most per- 
manent good to the greatest numher. Chicago 
owes to Jlr. Ounther a debt of sratituUe which 
can never be repaid for what he has done in 
bringing to the city and placing upon exhibition 
works of art, relics and historical treasures. 
which visibly teach history and progress of tho 
world. Speaking German, French and Spanish 
as well as Englisli, Mr. Gunther has been ab'e 
to personally conduct investigations in foreign 
fields. For many years he had above his store 
what was in many respects one of the finest 
museums of the country. His success has ena- 
bled him to indulge his love for historic re- 
search to the fullest extent and he has been 
most generous in allowing others to beneUt by 
the collections that he has gathered, collections 
of manuscripts, historic volumes and portraits 
as well as relics of all the American wars from 
Colonial times down to the late Spanish-Ameri- 
can war. His treasures comjirise manuscripts 
of the most ancient writings of the world, from 
the stone rolls of the Assyrian and Babylonian 
periods and the papyrus parchments of the 
Pharaohs, to the present time. He undoubtedly 
possesses the rarest collection of bibles in Amer- 
ica, including a copy of the New Testament 
printed in English (152S), all of the fir.st bibles 
printed in IJnrope and on the American conti- 
nent, such as the Eliot Indian Bible and the 
Martha Washington Bible and the first Ameri- 
can bible by Atkinson in 17S2. The famous 
Gunther manuscripts include u well authenti- 
cated and very rare autograph of Shakespeare, 
and a Moliere and original manu.scripts of 
Goethe, Scliiller, Tasso, Michael Angelo, Galileo, 
Raphael and many other famous characters of 
Europe and America — memorials direct from 
the hands of noted writers, poets, musicians, 
clergymen, politicians and monarchs. In bis 
galleries are the original manuscripts of the 
Star Spangled Banner, Home Sweet Home, Auld 
Lang Syne, Old Grimes, I^ad Kindly Light, 
and many others. Among the majis are the 
earliest ones relating to .Vmerica from l.'OO 
up, and the first edition of Martin AValdsce- 
niueller's Cosmography, l.jOT. which for the first 
time gives the name of America to the new 
world. Of the Gunther portraits jwrhaps the 
most famous is that of Colinnbus by Sir An- 
tonio Moro. painted about 1.j52 from a min- 
iature, then forming a part of the historic 
museum in the Prado Palace in Madrid, Spain. 



Washington Irrius who thoruugbly searched 
the archives of Spain, pronounced this the best 
and truest porrcait of Ooiumbus extant. The 
collection also contains soveuteeu original por- 
traits of U'ashiii-tr.n, including the first ever 
m.ide of him by the eider Peale, and the only 
portrait in existence ot Washingcon's sister 
Betty and her husbau'j, including the two lost 
portraits of George r,u\ Martha Washington by 
Saint Meiu-ri. The relics of George Washington 
cover his entire career, and the de[iartment of 
A.Tjeri'jar.a iu'^'lades iilso rare memorials of 
Abraham Lii'coln and iill other great historical 
characters. In jddilion to all tijis Mr. Gunther 
was instrumental in bringing to Chicago the 
priceless exhibit of Civil war relics. In the 
late eighties be was the prime factor in the 
movement to transport Libby prison from Rich- 
mond. S'a., to this I'ity, and within its historic 
wall^ installed the war museum, acting as presi- 
dent of the Muse mi Association during its ex- 
istence and later becoming president of the 
company that erected upon the former museum 
site the now famous Coliseum. In 1912 Mr. 
Gunther put up the Gunther building on the 
northwest corner of South Wabash avenue and 
Harmon court. 

Mr. Gunthei is not only Democratic in prin- 
ciple — of the .Tcfferson and low tariff democracy 
of Woodrow Wilson but in spirit, and is one of 
the most approachable and genial of men, and his 
unfeigned cordiality has gained for him a circle 
of friends almost coextensive with the circle of 
his acquaintances. He is a welcome member in 
various fraternities, clubs and societies ; a 
Knight Templar Mason, a Noble of the Mystic 
Shrine of Medinah Temple, and uiion him has 
been conferred the Thirty-third, the honor:iry 
degree, of the Scottish Rite. Much of the na- 
ture cf his interests, activities and associations 
is indicated in the fact that he Is a member of 
the Union League, Jefferson. Caxton, Geruianic, 
Cook County Democratic, Illinois Athletic and 
Iroquois clubs, and of the last named he has 
served as president. He also belongs to the 
Geographic Society, is a trustee of the Chicago 
Historical Society and the Chicago Academy of 
Sciences, and is a governing member of the Chi- 
cago Art Institute and belongs to the Alliance 
Francaise. Although largely self-educated, he 
is one of the most widely informed men of Chi- 
cago. There is nothing in his manner that 
would indicate liis consciousness of superiority 
because of his diversified knowledge resulting 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOrEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



859 



froin study and travel, speaking Frencli. Gor- 
luau and Spanish, yet all who know him recos- 
nize the fact that assix-iatiou with him moans 
expansion and elevation. Splendidly preserved 
jiliysically, his mind Is as alert and his Judg- 
ment as keen as It was thirty years ago. He 
helongs to that class to whom advanced years 



do not mean a decrease in mental power. There 
are those who grow mentally and mor.-illy 
stronger as the years pass liy, giving out of 
their rich store or wisdom and experience for 
the benefit of others, and of these Charles F. 
Gunther is a not^ihle representative. 



WILBUR F. HEATH. 



When the history of music in America shall 
I'C properly written few men will be found who 
liave nmre divply stamped their individuality 
ujion the musical development of their period 
tliau did the late Judge Wilbur F. Heath of 
Dniiville. HI. The complete history of his busy 
life would be insiiiving and serve as an example 
to those seeking achievement that can only come 
through persistent and thoughtful effort. Judge 
Heath was born at Corinth, Orange County, Vt., 
June 11. 1S43, a son of Cyrus and .Mary (Hutch- 
inson) Heath, natives of Corinth, Vt. The 
Heath family comes of a long line of distin- 
guished ancestry. The boyhood of Wilbur F. 
Heatli was spent on u farm, but he early dis- 
I'l.iyed an inherited taste for music, and in 
devi'loiilng this he displayed a pluck that often- 
times bore him along and enabled him to over- 
idiiio difficulties that would have been with an- 
{.t.hcr Insurmountalde. One incident will illus- 
trale this. While still a lad he used to amuse 
liis companions by playing for them on the flute, 
find often the preferred numbers v.ere his own 
extemporized waltzes, marches, etc. When he 
was twelve years old the family moved we.st, 
and he remained on the farm near Lihertyville, 
HI., until eighteen years old. With the out- 
break of the Civil war his patriotism was 
aroused, and he finally enlisted in the One Hun- 
dred and Forty-.sixth Hlinois Volunteer Infan- 
try. Choice was given him to accept the appoint- 
ment of lieutenant or leader of the regimental 
band. He chose the latter. 

During his army service Judge Heath com- 
posed much of the music played by the band, and 
was so successful that his band was chosen out 
of a number of others to lead the funeral pro- 
cession of the martyred Lincoln at Springfield, 
111., and Judge Heath led this band. The dirge 
used on that occasion was his own composition. 
When the terrible news reaclunl him of the 
death of his hero, he went to his tent, and lying 
in his bunk, found vent for his sorrow in that 
remarkable number. Mrs. Heath has the origi- 
nal manuscript of this dirge which shows sjiots 



of the candle grease that fell upon tlie ]iaper 
as the young composer worked out his Idea. 

In addition to liis nuisical ability, he was pos- 
sessed of considerable mechanical ability, and 
when his service to his country expired he de- 
cided to become a Iix-omotive engineer, apjilying 
for assistance in securing such a position to one 
of his old friends, a veteran conductor. For- 
tunately for the nmsical world, this friend ap- 
preciated music and Judge Heath's talent, and 
refused to permit Ids abandoning his music. 
Acting upon the advice of the conductor, Mr. 
Heath studied music and at one time thought 
of completing his nuisical education in Europe, 
but being a thorough .\merican, he decided 
ag-ainst this, and his attention was called to the 
possibilities of musical work in the public 
schools. He became thorouizhly convinced of 
the benefit that would be derived through the 
musical e<Uication of the masses, and resolved 
to make the teaching of music to the public 
school pupil his lifework. His theory was that 
the capable teacher must go beyond the mere 
cultivation of the child's ability to hear and 
imit^ite, and deal with his powers to think. He 
believed that the facts of music should be made 
purely objective: that the musical development 
of the ebild should be in harmony with Ids 
mental growth ; that the child should be recog- 
nized as an intelligent being and not treated as 
a musical instrument, the latter being the idea 
emiiotlied in the older methods of instruction. 
In addition he believed that the study of vocal 
music is the ]iroi)or beginning of all music 
study ; that no time is so fitting as the years of 
childhood, no way so reasonable as that in con- 
nection with the regular school studies; and 
that when properly taught, music is as legiti- 
mate and effective an aid in developing the men- 
tal powers of the child as any other study; that, 
in fact, it brings many faculties of the mind 
into such actit)n as is possible with no other 
study. He felt that this great work would 
develop a national musical taste. He took a 
thorough course in voice culture and theory at 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDLA OF ILLINOIS. 



the New England Ciinservatory of Music, .luJ 
was justly pruud of being a luenibor of tlie Xa- 
tioiial Peace Jubilee Chorus. He was called to 
Iowa City, Iowa, where he taught iu a six 
weeks' iioruial of which I>r. II. S. I'erkius of 
Chicago was the priiiciiial. Here he had charge 
of the elementary classes in sight singing ami 
harmony, and so thoroughly demonstrated his 
ability as a teacher of children, that an oppor- 
tunity U) carry out his long cherished plans was 
speedily offered hira, and he was made teacher 
of music in the public school of Marengo, Iowa, 
spending three years there, where the results 
were beyond the exiiectations of those who first 
favored his methotls. For eighteen years he 
was superintendent of music in the iiublic 
schools of Fort Wayne, Ind., with honor to uim- 
self and his pupils ; and he was recognized as 
oue of the most eminent teachers of his time, 
and his skill as a chorus director was widely 
known. 

In order to facilitate his work Judge Heath 
prepared a series of common school music read- 
ers and a set of vocal exercise charts, the latter 
his own Invention. He also wrote and publishexl 
many charming and popular songs, anxpug them 
being '-The Days Are Passing On. Dear May," 
','When Other Days Shall Come," and "The Loss 
of the Sea Bird." In addition he freiiucntly 
contributed to periodicals, his style being clear 
and forceful. He was very active in the promo- 
tion and supixirt of music teachers' associations 
throughout the country. For three consecutive 
terms he served the Indiana branch of the .\sso- 
ciation as president, and was a regular attend- 
ant of the National Association after joining it 
in 1S7S at Cincinnati, Ohio. Fnr thirc years be 
served the association as secretary and treas- 
urer, and in ISSS was made its president. He 
was also on the board of examiners of the 
American College of Musicians for a number of 
years. 

In addition to his nnisical career. .Tudue Heath 
invented and patented several mechanii^iil de- 
vices, and was a business man of niiTe than 
ordinary success, being connected with I'ixley 
Company of I'tica, N. Y., having charge of its 
branches at Oshkosh, Wis., and Ottawa and 
Danville, 111., succ<'ssivcly, and from tlie time 
he located at Danville in ISO.'i until his death, 
Aug\ist 3, 101-1 , he made this city his home. 

Soon after the Soldiers' Home was n-ady for 
occupancy he was asked by the government to 



organize a hiitid, and did so, remaining its leader 
for eleven .years, ivUou he retired, having had 
the same sueoess that marked all of his nmsical 
efforts. In 1;)j2 be was induced to become a 
candidate for municipal judge on the Itepublican 
ticket ami Wf;S elected by a large plurality. As 
a judge anci humanitarian he accuniplished re- 
sults tiuit v.iU undie 'uis name remembered for 
years to come. A Mason of high rank, he began 
his connection wit.'i the order when he entered 
Siunmit City Lodge ITO, at Fort Wayne, Ind., 
!!iid he took the Thirty-third degree at Boston, 
MaiTS., Seiitomber IS, ]rii)tj. He was the father 
of Scottish Kite Ma.sonry at Dunville, as he had 
been at Fort Wajne, Ind., and he 0Ued many 
ofllees in his loyal support of the order. Thought- 
ful of the welfare of others, he verified the 
teachings of the Masonic order and lived the 
creed of the Methodist church, of which he was 
a member. He was an enthusiastic member of 
the Grand Army of the Iteiiublic. 

Judge Heath was married at Berlin, Wis., to 
Emma C. Parmalee. and they had two sons, 
namely: Herbert Williur and Rodney Leon, the 
latter of whom died at Danville, 111., iu 19(X). 
Herbert Wilbur Heath is an advocate of the 
best in all thing.s, is successful iu social, com- 
mercial and farming interest. Mrs. Heath was 
born at Cazenovia, X. Y., a daughter of Albert 
and Sarah A. Parmalee, natives of Clinton, X. Y. 
She was a direct descendant of the family that 
founded Yale University. Mrs. Heath died in 
1S8G. Judge Heath was married (second) in 
1S89 to Katherine AuU Heath, who was born at 
Daytou, Ohio, a daughter of Xicholas L. and 
Julia Ann (Geigcr) AuU, natives of Frankfort- 
on-tl}e->Iain, Germany, and of Funkstown, Md., 
respectively. Mrs. Heath is past Grand Matron 
of the Eastern Star, and is deeply interested in 
charitable work. She is closely identified with 
the best interests of Danville and prominent in 
educational and social life. 

Judge Heath was a man of strong likes and 
dislikes. He possessed a fearless frankness that 
would not suffer him to pretend in the slightest 
degree to anything he did not feel, and he bound 
to himself friends as with cords of steel. In all 
business relations he was known as an hone.st 
man whose dues were strictly paid. Temperate 
in his habits, his private chanirter was without 
reproach, and be was justly recognized as one 
of the best representatives of the highest tyiie 
of manhood. 



R||?nrF^ 






> 









i.^.^:CiS?k'«ka&.^ ^J 



LU.J^9^^Jz7.y:r 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



JOSEPH OLIVER MORRIS. 



High rank in tlie lej:al iirofessiuu lias Ion;; 
distinguished Chicago, and it numliers among 
its nieniljers many men whose adiicvements 
have gained tor theni national pruniinence. 
Among the ambitions, alert and entcriuising 
attorneys who, in the last three decades, have 
taken advantage of the opportunities often-d in 
this city for professional advancement and 
thereliy attained a largo measure of success, Is 
Joseph Oliver Morris, who, however, has not 
entirely confined his activities to the law. 

Joseph Oliver Morris was born August 3, 1SC.3, 
at Chicago, 111., and is a sou of Kdwin E. and 
Aima (Oliver) Morris, both of whom were born 
in England although the Morris family claims 
Welsh ancestry. Edwin E. Morris was born 
near Brighton, County Susse.x, where the family 
has been known for generations. He married 
Anna Oliver, who was born at London Wall, in 
a section made memorable as the birthplace of 
the poet, John Milton. Her ancestry reached 
to the royal Marchant family and also to Oliver 
Cromwell. The family for generations were the 
largest dealers in rosewood and mahogany in the 
world. In 3S.54 Edwin E. Morris came to the 
T'nited States and to Chicago, but In 1S57 re- 
turned to England and there married. With 
his bride Mr. Morris returned to Chicago and 
Immediately began to show the business euter- 
jirise which subsequently made him widely 
known in commercial circles, becoming the 
owner of the Phoenix Coffee and Spice mills, 
which was not only the first but continued tlie 
largest concern of its kind in this city. lie was 
afterward a member of the firm of ilorris, 
Cloyes & Company, iirojirietors of a jiioueer 
grocery house which did an extensive business 
during the Civil war in furnishing supplies to 
the government. Following the cessation of 
hostilities, Edwin E. Morris removed to Cin- 
cinnati, where lie was engaged in the exporta- 
tion of packing house products, being the 
originator of this great industry in opening up 
trade rebitions with Europe. Mr. Morris has 
long lived retired, residing now, at the age of 
eighty-nine years, with his son, Joseph O. 
Morris. His wife passed away in 1S90. 

In the public schcwls of College Hi!!, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, Joseph O. Morris acquired his 
early education, and afterward pursued a jire- 
paratory course at Belmont College, Ohio. On 
the removal of the family to Chicago, he com- 
pleted a course at the Lake View High school, 



where he was gra'liiated in lSs2, and afterward 
spent a year in foreign travel. In lss3 he 
entered uiion the study of law in the office of 
Flower, Iteiiiy iV: (Jregory, the predecessors of the 
present firm of .Musgrave & Lee, with whom he 
spent four years, in the meanwhile attending for 
a short time, the Fniou College of Law, 
identified or attiliated with the Northwestern 
I'niveisity, where he qualified himself to pass 
the state exauiinatiuu that secured him admis- 
sion to the bar in It^s-I. He engaged in practice 
as a member of the law firm of Morris, Ganse & 
CTaig until Is!).", since which time he has prac- 
ticed alone. Si>ecializing largely in corporation 
law, he has rei'reseiited many of the important 
brokerage firms in the country, all members of 
the New York Stock Exchange, in litigation in- 
volving legal technicalities peculiar to the 
brokerage business, and is considered an autlior- 
ity on tliat branch of the profession. 

Mr. Morris, in association with his partner, 
Mr. Ganse, has become heavily interested in 
valuable realty. In ISTiO they purchased a tract 
of 1,000 acres loc'atcd at South Waukegan, in- 
corporating under the name of the South 
Waukegan Land Company, their holdings being 
then valued at .?l,0(.K),(Xiti. They laid out and 
founded the town of Sooth Waukegan and in 
1S04 changed its name to North Chicago. 
Through the panic of 1S03 Mr. Morris guided 
this mammoth enterprise, and in 1S05 disposed 
of the last holdings. In 1000 he purchased two 
large tracts of land at Hammond, Ind., and 
guided this venture successfully through the 
financial difiiculties of I'JOT, so well remembered 
in this city. Mr. Morris is now the owner of all 
the company's stock, the property at the pres- 
ent time consisting of a tract of land one half 
mile in length along the Calumet River, valued 
at 9250,000, a part of which has been platted 
and is now on the market. He has passed 
safely through two great financial panics but 
has so managed his undertakings that he still 
retains many valualde pieces of proi>crty in 
Chicago and vicinity and has invested also in 
California land. Additionally he is connected 
officially with numerous business enterprises of 
the city and country, in which his sound judg- 
ment and keen discriiidnation are recognized as 
valualile elements. Although vitally interested 
in all that pertains to modern progress along 



862 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



every line ami carefully wateliful of the events 
■which, at the pre-seut day, are history luabiii;;, 
Mr. Morris is not an ardeut i)Oliticiau. 

Mr. Morris was married at CiiKiiinati, Ohio, 
May 3, 1.'^U2, to Miss Edith Beatriee Green, a 
daughter of Joseph Green, and four of their six 
children survive: Joseph C, Kdith Marjorie, 
Melissa De Galyer and Constance Olive. For 
a number of years the family residence has been 
maintained at No. li:;S .Sheridan Road, Evans- 
ton, in which city Mrs. Morris is active in social 
circles and iu the literary clubs. Jlr. Jforris 
holds membership in the Hamilton and Auto- 
mobile clubs, Chicago; the T'niversity Club of 
Evanston, and the SUolcie Country Club. His 



church membership is in the Eirst Presbyterian 
Church of Evauston and for twenty years he 
has been a teacher of the Bible class. He has 
devoted umch of his leisure to church and Sun- 
day school work and his labors in that direction 
have beeu particularly unseltish. In former years 
he was very active iu the Young Men's Christian 
Association and was one of the board of man- 
agers and u prime mover in securing the erec- 
tion of the magnificent association building on 
LaSalle street iu 1S03. Ho is a man of broad 
information and of intelligent investigation 
along many lines, living up to his opportunities 
anil ever giving sunietbing of himself to help 
..thers to do the same. 



ClIzVRLES H. BUSHNELL. 



Genius may lie the motive power of success, 
but many who take the trouble to study the 
lives and leading characteristics of the men of 
the country who have accomplished something, 
are led to believe that e.xperience and sound 
judgment must be combined with natural incli- 
nation to produce the best results. In the 
majority of cases where a man has risen above 
his fellows, it will be found that this rise has 
come gradually through pe'^si-tcnt tiv:htiug iu 
spite of all opposition. There are many ipniU- 
ties which help to form the character such as 
self-reliance, conscientiousness, energy and hon- 
esty and they all work together to produce the 
highest standing and most satisfactory re- 
wards. The above is certainly true of the 
successful career of Dr. Charles H. Bushiiell of 
Chicago. In no other profession is the true 
character of a man brought out so prominently 
as that of medicine, and as he really is, so is 
he held by his professional associates and col- 
leagues. All who have the honor of Dr. Bush- 
nell's acquaintance admit that he is respected, 
honored and beloved not only by his associates 
but those to whoui he has long been a minis- 
tering friend. For years he has been connected 
with the medical fraternity of Chicago, in 
which city he has always made his home, and 
his inlltience is strongly felt in his inunediate 
neighborhood. It is an admitted fact that Chi- 
cago is the home of some of the ablest medical 
men of the world, and Dr. r.ushnell has kept 
pace with the march of improvement and by 
personal experiment and investi-'ati'm as well 
as stuily and exhaustive reading, has long been 
classed with the most etlic-ient and dlsnifiod of 
his profession. Dr. Bushnell was born in the 



city which he has so honored. April oU, IscU, a 
son of Dr. Lewis Buslinell, who was born iu 
-New York, January 21, liL'u, but removed to 
I'eoria County, 111., with his parents when thir- 
teen years old. The family came to Chicago 
in Ibi'J, where Dr. Lewis Bushnell was tor 
some years one of the early grocers of the city. 
Later he' was engaged in buying stock for the 
goverume:it during the Civil war, and subse- 
quently turned his attention to the practice of 
his profession. The Bushnell fiimily is nn old 
one in this country, as the grandfather, Anson 
Bushnell, was a soldier of the War of 1S12 and 
descended from ancestors who took part In the 
Kevolutiouary war. Dr. Lewis Bushnell mar- 
ried Harriet Augusta Hitchcock, lioru in New 
York, November 1, 1S27, who still survives. 
She is in full possession of her faculties, and 
is the deliglit of her children and grandchil- 
dren. Dr. Bushnell died April 19, 1907, having 
lived long enough to see his i)lace worthily 
tilled by his son. Dr. Charles II. Bushnell. 

Charles H. Bushnell attended the public 
schools of Chicago, never having had the ad- 
vantage of an academic course owing in large 
measure to ill health, but he has studied faitli- 
fully, gained a boundless experience, and exer- 
cises at all times his excellent judgment. When 
he was only eleven years old he became a mes- 
senger boy with the American District Telo- 
sraph Company, remaining with this or.:ani7.a- 
tion luitil he was fourteen years old. when he 
wa'^ Liiven a clerkship in the .Suiiorior Court, 
imt in about a year, was conjfiplled to resiLtn 
on account of continued ill health, and to go 
into the country where he could get out in the 
open air. After a year's stay on a farm, he 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



863 



felt able to exert himself aud securing tbe po- 
sition of t'uide lit the Ceuteuiiial Expositiou at 
rhiladelphia iu IbTU, not ouly gained the re- 
muneration ottered, but found his experiences 
a liberal eduL-atiou for he was brought into 
contact with many different iieople aud broad- 
ened by his exchange of viewpoint nith them. 
Returning to Chicago at the close of the expo- 
sition this ambitious youth secured a position 
as bookkeeper with the real estate firm of 
Charles A. Kerfoot & Company. However, it 
had always been his intention to follow in his 
father's footsteps, aud as soon as possible he 
became connected with a physician with whom 
he began studying medicine. During the eight 
years that followed, Dr. Bushnell studied at 
night and worked during tbe day, and not only 
managed to save money by his othce position, 
but to support his family, for he had married in 
the meanwhile. In 1&92, however, his eft'orts 
were rewarded as he was able to enter Ben- 
nett Medical College of Chicago, from which 
he w^as graduated in ISOO. He has also done 
post graduate work and has received tbe hon- 
orary degree of JI. D. from the College of Medi- 
cine iuid Surgery of Chicago, which is the med- 
ical department of Valparaiso University, h^oou 
after his graduation. Dr. Bushnell entered upon 
a general iiractice, and since then had devel- 
oped into one of the leading physicians of the 
city. For four years he was attending gyne- 
cologist to St. Anthony's Hospital and Orphan- 
age ; for six years he was attending gynecologist 
to the Frances E. Willard Xational Temperance 
Hospital: also served on the staff of the Cook 
County Hospital for seven years ; and on the 
staff of the Chicago Union Hospital for ten 
years, and is now serving on the staff of Sheri- 
dan Park Hospital. He was likewise gynecolo- 
gist to the Lake View Hospital for four years, 
and has been examiner for a number of fra- 
ternal insurance societies. Dr. Bushnell has 



also distinguished himself as an educator and 
was for four years a member of the faculty of 
tbe medical department of Valparaiso Univi-r- 
sity and tor twelve years of tbe faculty of tbe 
Bennett Medical College, much of the time as 
professor aud head of tbe department of gyne- 
cology and obstetrics. He holds membership 
with tbe Chicago Medical Society, the Illinois 
Medical Society, the American Medical Asso- 
ciation and the Xational Eclectic Association 
and for some time was president of the Illinois 
State Eclectic Medical Association, aud also 
president and secretary of the Cbicago Eclectic 
Jledical Association. Dr. Bushnell Is also a 
member of the Xational Ked Cross Society aud 
of the Illinois State Society for the prevention 
of tubercubjhis. 

Dr. Bushnell was married Xovember 24, ISSl, 
to Ella Clerk Dole of Chicago, and to this union 
three children have been born ; Lewis E., An- 
son C., and Elmer D. Fraternally Dr. Bushnell 
is a Knight Templar Mason aud also a mem- 
ber of tbe Mystic Shrine, and socially he belongs 
to the Hamilton aud the Chicago Autonioljiie 
clubs. 'With one exception he is the oldest 
member of tbe Apollo Musical Club of Chicago 
and is well known in musical circles of this 
city, having taken a prominent part in musical 
affairs since the first May Festival in ISSl. His 
musical talent aud ability and his strongly 
marked personal characteristics have rendered 
him popular in social circles, and wherever he 
is known he is held in high esteem. Dr. Bush- 
nell belongs to the self-made class and is an 
excellent example of what a strong, stendfast 
man can accomplish. He studies deeply upon 
the great questions of the day, and finds enter- 
tainment in lioi'ks, music, travel and congenial 
companionshiii. His iirofessional service has 
ever been discharired with a keen sense of con- 
scientiou-; obligation, and his work has brought 
him amiile recompense. 



LORENZO B. DO^^nXY. 



When it is remembered that the majority of 
people never rise above the ordinary, but live 
out their lives in obscurity, and dying are for- 
gotten, all the more credit is accorded those 
■who have enriched their communities, bene- 
fited their associates, raised a higher standard 
for the generations to come, and demonstrated 
the worth of individual endeavor. The ag- 
gressive, public spirited men of any loralit.v 
plan for the future as well as the present, and 



so sbaiie tlie future of (lie comuuinity. Loren7:o 
B. Dominy was accepted by all as a leader In 
every enterjirise for the pulilic good. In his 
business transactions he was a man of pru- 
dence, safe and reliable, and his advice on busi- 
ness transactions was sought by many. He 
was liliernl iu his dealimrs and many men owe 
their start iu life to his financial aid and eu- 
courai-'onient. 

Lorenzo B. Dominy was born in Madison 



864 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



County, Ohio, Mai 
oriihau by tlie dw 
Hester A. I k>niiii.v 
moutUs old, and w 
maternal g 



lier, 



), 1.^4-1. He was left an 
>t Ills parents, K/.ra and 
Jen he was onlj- sixteen 
eared to inauhuod by his 
Dr. Lorenzo Beaeli. The 



latter, with his family, eauje t(^ Hlinois iu :S.:5, 
and the lad eame with them, the party settling 
in Indian Grove Township, Liringstou County, 
where the grandfather continued to reside till 
his death. Keared a farmer, it was but natural 
that the formative years of his jouth and early 
manhood should be devoted to agrieulture, but 
Mr. Dominy's energetic disposition was not 
entirely satisfied and in 1S70 he left the farm 
and engaged in the hardware business, asso- 
ciateil with his uncle T. A. Deach. Three and 
one-half years later he disposed of this con- 
cern, to assist in founding the banking bouse of 
Bartlett, lleach & Dominy. Ill health necessi- 
tated the retirement of Mr. Bartlett four years 
after the organization, and Mr. Beach subse- 
quently left the tJrm, iu 1S03, so that the bank 
was continued iu Mr. Dominy's name until 
1901, when he admitted his sons-in-law, G. Y. 
McDowell and W. 11. Bane, into partnership, 
the name becoming L. B. Dominy & Co. Though 
changes have been made in the personnel of the 
partnership since Mr. Dominy's death, this 
banking house still continues in the family 
under the same name and is one of the strong- 
est institutions of its kind in Li\-ingstou county. 
In ISO-, Mr. Dominy's far-seeing husiness sense 
I)rompted him to establish a branch house, 
which handled farm mortgage investments. 
The firm was established under the name of 
Dominy and Powell, the junior nieinlior being 
another son-in-law, Herbert Bowell. 

Mr. Dominy was the first mayor of I'airbury, 
and during his occupancy of the executive chair, 
he set a standard which has governed the 
actions of successive officials ever since. The 
city council had him as one of its most effective 
members for several terms, and he was a mem- 
ber of the hoard of supervisors from Indian 
Grove Township for a number of years. At 
his death, the following resolutions were 
adopted by the board: 



"Again we are callc^l upon to mourn the 
death of one who has always been foremost iu 
the afl'airs of this county, L. B. Dominy, for 
many years an active number of this hoard 
from Indian Grove Township, died on July 
27th, I'JOl'. 

"We desire to add our tribute to the memory 
of one whose unusually active life marked him 
prominent for usefulness. His name is above 
reiiroach and he was trusted and respected by 
all. He was always a wise and safe counselor 
in public affairs as well as private. ' 

"Resolved, That this board extends its sym- 
pathy to the bereaved family, and feels with 
the community a keen sense of loss at his death. 

"Hesolved, That this expression and these 
resolutions be si)read upon the records of this 
board and tluit a certified copy be tendered the 
family of the dec-eased." 

On December 27. lSC-1, Mr. Dominy was mar- 
ried to Miss rhehe A. Curl, a daughter of 
James and Lavina (Smith) Curl, both natives 
of Greene County, Pa. Mr. Curl was a car- 
penter and cabinetmaker of Carmichaels, Pa., 
and died Jlay 12, ISfO, his wife passing away 
December 31, lOOG. Mr. and Mrs. Dominy be- 
came the parents of five children. One son, 
Charles L., died in infancy, and the youngest 
daughter. Hazel, died the year preceding Mr. 
Dominy's death, at the age of seventeen years. 
Tliree children, Jennie C. McDowell, Jessie B. 
Powell and Lizzie H. Bane, together with the 
widow and three grandchildren. Hazel Bane, 
James Lorenzo and Marion McDowell, survive. 

With the death of Mr. Dominy, Fairbury lost 
one of its strongest characters. He was a man 
of the people, bluff but kind hearted. He made 
friends on ev-ery side and retained them. It 
may be truthfully said, he had no enemies. He 
was a member of the Methodist church of Fair- 
bury. Before his death, he had anticipated 
building a public library to be given to the city. 
Since then this has been erected by the family 
and presented to the city, fully equipped. It 
is a fitting memorial to his life, quietly and 
steadily continuing an uplift to the community, 
as he would have wished it to be if living. 



JAMES P. LYNCH. 



In the midst of these epoch-making times, the 
recognition of the work of the medical profes- 
sion has c-ome to a fresh and even thrilling dis- 
tinction. Through its skill and knowledge that 
wonderful machine, the human body, is not 



only rehabilitated, but sometimes reconstructed. 
Medical science is elastic, its boundaries are 
limitless, but it is at all times b.eld firmly in 
the grasp of the intelligent men who uncover 
its mysteries. Not only, however, is the phy- 



If =^pe 






i 


-'% Mm:; - 




■ " . ,;"' '^^^' 



^7^--x^cl*^^y"-t7— >-Z/-L^^_/ 



IIISTOrvICAL ENCrCLOPEDlA OF ILLINOIS. 



865 



filclan calleil ufion for material assistance, but 
the ideal mrUical uiau irradiates the sifk cbara- 
lier with tlie li^'lit of his cheerful presence, lift- 
ing his jiatieut out of the slouyih of despond- 
ency into tlic hit'licr plains of sane thought. 
No matter how many patients a physician 
may liave upon liis bauds, be is c.\i)eeted to give 
to each one a full measure of his individual 
thou^'lit and careful consideration, and the con- 
scientious man never pets away from his work. 
Others can throw off the burdens of their every- 
day cares, but the medical man has them witii 
him at all times, as he does their ealis upon 
lilm, so that there is little wonder that so 
many of the skilled physicians tcxlay sink under 
the overwhelming weight, and pass from mortal 
life; the marvel is that so many remain to fur- 
ther aid humanity. One of those men whose 
lives and energies have been thus conserved is 
James P. Ivyncli, of Thirty-first street and In- 
diana avenue, Chicago. 

Dr. Lynch was born in New York City, 
.Tanuary 12, ]S.j7. Until he was eight years 
old. Dr. Lynch lived in his native city, but in 



l^'i-;o kis parents n-.oveu to Chicago, where he 
was g-vec the educational advantages offered 
by the public schools of that place. Having 
decided niK.p. ,". nicllcal c-areer, Dr. Lynch en- 
tered the Beunctc .^J'edlcal College, after tinish- 
iug his academic course, and was graduated 
tUerefroK in IS?,;;. ImiMediately thereafter ho 
enrered upon a i,'C"oral practice, and for over 
thirty years has thus routiniied with marked 
-succe.^?:. l;eeog:ii:5iiig the benefit of meilical si>- 
eiedes to the Eiodorn physician. Dr. Lynch has 
always be<-u active in their supiiort and belongs 
to liie Chicago Medical Society and the -Vnieri- 
can Medical Association. Dr. Lynch has won 
many warm I'Crsonal friends, an<I they unite 
in rendering bim the credit certainly due a 
man of his experience aud natural ability. 
Dr. Ljnch is one who lets his deeds speak for 
themselves, but they are of sullieient impor- 
(<'nce to place him in a leading position among 
the men of his profession on the South Side, 
where h;s reputation as a skilled physician and 
surgeon is widespread. 



NELSON THO?,Ii^SSON. 



The growth and development of any com- 
mu:ilty is largely dependent ui>on the exertions 
of thi.se men v>ho devote themselves to the ex- 
I'li'ltution of real estate. Without their energy, 
vim and progressive ideas no locality will move 
out of the conventional rut; outside money will 
nut lie attracted to it, and property will be 
worth little more j-ear by year. With the ad- 
vent of au enterprising, experienced man well 
ver^ed in the realty business, comes a growth 
that is remarkable. >Lany years have passed 
since initial work was done in this line in the 
older portions of Chicago, but the needs of this 
great metropolis have made necessary a con- 
.stant expansion of the outlying territory, 
while a maintenance of properly already built 
is extremely important. So it is that the work 
of the realty dealer is counted as being among 
the most important factors in the life of this 
city. One of the men v.hose name is associated 
with the development along this line is Nelson 
Thomasson. Nelson Thomasson was bom at 
Louisville, Ky., October 1.", 1S30, a son of Wil- 
liam Poindexter and Charlotte Pierce (I^ioonard) 
Thomasson, the former of whom was a member 
of Congress from Ixiuisville. Ky., for several 
years. During that time he was the only mem- 
ber from the south who voted for the Wilmot 



I'roviso. The maternal grandfather of Nelson 
Thomasson w^s the Rev. L)avid .\. Leonard, who 
was also the grandfather of the late John Hay, 
Secretary of State. 

Nelson Thomasson received his educational 
training in the private schools and academy of 
his native city, and at the age of eighteen 
;.ears left Louisville, becoming a student and 
clerk in the othcc of .Morris, Thomasson & Black- 
burn of Chicago, and later in the office of Jolin 
G. liogers. Judge P.iickner S. Morris was the 
second Mayor of the city of Chicago. In ISGl 
Nelson Thomasson enlisted in the Sturges Itiflcs 
and served in it in the .\.rmy of the Potomac; 
was pi-oinoted to the regular army after the 
campaign in western Virginia, becoming a mem- 
ber of Company K, Fifth United Slates Infan- 
try, and served in New Mexico in the cam- 
paign against the Texans under Sibley and 
Bailey. Later he rode for three years side by 
side with Kit Cars(jn against the Navajos and. 
other Indian tribes of New -Mexico, Colorado 
and Arizona. He was then engaged in the re- 
cruiting service at Chicago and Newport bar-, 
racks. Still later he was on the plains until 
July, ISTO, when he retired from the army, Mud 
locating at Chicago, embarked in the real tstatc 
business, buying and subdividing large tracts. 



866 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



in adUitiou to bundling bis own prni)tTty, and 
reiireseutiug otber beavy realty owners. He 
was made vice-president of the Cliicas,'o ileal 
Kstate Board for 11)10, which honor is one to be 
appreciated, as this body is the largest of Its 
kind in the world. Mr. Thomasson is a meiuijer 
of the Masonic fraternity, having attained to 
the Knight Templar degree, and he also belong,-; 
to the I-oyal Legion and Union League clubs. 
Politically he is a Kepublican. 



On June 10, 1S73, Nelson Tliomassou married 
Miss Aina N'orl.','n of Louisville, Ky., and they 
became the parents of three children, namely: 
Leonard, who is living at Duluth, Minn.; Nel- 
son Thomasson, Jr., t^ho is e.v-ussistant corpora- 
tion coimsel of (.hicago; and Mrs. Elwood Of- 
futt, who resides at Oakland, Md. The latter 
is the motiior o"? Mr. Thomassons three grand- 
children. 



CARI> H. AXDERSEX. 



It is impo.ssible for the conscientious pt!y.=;i- 
cian to arrive at a state of mind where lie is 
satisfied with what be has accomplished, no 
matter bow much it may be, for with an under- 
standing of wliat is awaiting the man of sci- 
ence, the many doors yet uuoiiencd which will 
load to new realms in the amelioration of the 
ills of mankind, and the constant yearning to 
add to his store of knowledge, be, of necessity, 
keeps on striving for perfection as long as life 
remains. It is true that in no otber profes- 
sion or calling is so much constantly denaandixl 
of Its members as that of medicine, and those 
who have adopted it for their lite work often 
find but little leisure and are frequently kept 
In active service both night and day. One of 
the men who has accomplished much out of the 
ordinary in the ranks of the medical profession 
in Chicago, is Dr. Carl II. Andersen, of Xo. 155 
X. State street. Dr. Andersen was born at 
Copenhagen, Denmark, September 21, ISCO. a 
son of Jens and Johanna (Sorenseu) Ander- 
sen. The father was born December G, 1S;51, 
and the mother, February 22, ISC'J, in Denmark. 
Both survive and are now living at Ilingstcd, 
Denmark, where the father is a banker and a 
man of established standing. 

Carl 11. Andersen attended the public schools 
of his native city, later matriculating at Soro 
Academy, near Copenhagen, where he continued 
his studies until he was fourteen years old, 
at which time, young as he was, he took his 
own future in his hands, ran away from home 
and sailed for America. For the first two years 
after his arrival in tlie United States, he lived 
at New York City, where he worked as a boot- 
black and newsboy. Even at that early age bo 
dlsplaycil an ability and industrv that set him 
apart from his associates, and one of his cus- 
tomer.';, noticing these excellent characteristics, 
took the boy to his ranch in Wyoming, where 



he remaiiu>»d for three years, when the desire 
to return to cii^- life became too strong to 
resist and he went to Omaha. Neb., where be 
secured work at a news stand. Without any 
encouragement whatever, during all of these 
changes, he had held fast to an early ambition 
to sometime be a physician, and now, Ln order 
to secure the necessary funds to carry him 
through a college course, he worked nights as 
vroli as (lays, and eventually reached the first 
milestone on his road to fortune. In 1S!X) he 
entered the Johu Creighton Medical College of 
Omaha, from which he was graduated in 1S94. 
Recognizing the great advantages accruing 
from foreign medical study at that time, he 
went abroad and took a post-graduate course at 
Kiel, Germany, which continued through two 
years. Oii returning home he located at Chi- 
cago, where, for one year he was an interne at 
the Chicago Hospital, acting as assistant to 
Dr. Alexander Hugh Ferguson. During the 
Spanish-American war he .served as a surgeon 
in Cuba, and after the close of hostilities 
was stationed for a time at Fortress Monroe, 
■^'a., and following this was sent to the Philip- 
pine Islands where he spent seventeen months. 
Upon his return to the United States, he located 
Ii«rmanently at Chicago, where he has built up 
a large and lucrative practice, and is now 
recognized as one of the skilled and conscien- 
tious physicians and surgeons of this city. He 
belongs to the Chicago Medical and the Illi- 
nois State Medical .societies and the American 
Medical, the Missouri Valley and the Missis- 
sippi Valley Meilical associations, and is a 
Fellow of the Visiting Surgeon's Society. lie 
is also a member of the Physicians' Club, tho 
Surgeon's Society, and tho Pathologic Society, 
and has a chair in the Post Graduate Woman's 
Hospital. Keeping in touch with all recent 
work of his profession, his sound judgment and 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



867 



wide experience enables hiiu to deeule upon 
what is valiialile and that whieLi is unessential 
In Ills practice, 

Ur. Andersen was married March 2:!, 1«>0, 
ti. Miss I'oUy Sickles, a daughter of C. Sicilies, 
and a niece of General SicUles of Civil war 
fame. Jlrs. Andersen died June -2', I'JOi, a lady 
of many beautiful traits of character. Dr. 
Andersen is a member of the Koyal Arcanum, 
the University Club and the Illinois Atldetic 
Association. He belongs to the Lutheran 



church. Holding to high ideals In his profes- 
sional service, his work has always been char- 
acterized by a devotion to duty and with an 
appreciation of the respimsibilities resting upon 
lie is a man of broad information, and in 
ofessiiin he ranks among the leaders, lie 
is interested in all that pertains to modern 
progress and improvements along material, in- 
tellectual ••ind moral lines, and his charities 
Worthy enterprises. 



him. 
his pi 



assist 



JOHX XELSON, 



Inventive genius Is a divine gift, and its exer- 
cise, along useful and humanitarian lines, has 
done much to add to the comfort and happiness 
of the world. The great activity of mind de- 
manded, however, often results in a strain upon 
the physical well-being, and those who have 
done the most for humanity, in too many cases, 
have been called from their sphere of useful- 
ness before they have lived loug enough to reap 
In fair measure the results of their work and 
saeritiees. The late John Nelson, of Rockford, 
111., wa.s a man whose natural talents and prac- 
tical applic-ation of expert knowledge placed 
him way beyond ordinary characterization, and 
tiad be been sparetl to round out the allotted 
span of life of three score years and ten, or 
njore. wipuld have revolutionized the mechanical 
world to a far greater extent than he did, in 
the little more than half a century given him. 
Mr. Nelson was born in the parish of Karrakra, 
Westergotland. Sweden, April 5, 1S30. 

Losing his father when he was but a child, 
John Nelson was thrown upon his own resources 
and had practically no educational opportuni- 
ties, ha^^ng to earn his own living at a time 
when most children are being tenderly cher- 
ished. 'J'his he did, by working at making spin- 
ning wheels, and early proved his mechanical 
skill. Hearing of the better industrial opiwr- 
tunities afforded in America, he left his native 
land for the United States, on a sailing vessel, 
and lantled at New York City, May m. lS.j2. 
From the metropolis of the East he journeyed 
to that of the West, Chicago, and spent a few 
months in that city and its vicinity, finally 
coming to Eockford, where he found employ- 
ment as a turner in a furniture factory. It 
was not long before the inventive skill of the 
quiet young Swede was turned to good account, 
he producing a device called a dove-tail fasten- 
ing. I'rior to this it was impossible to proiv 



erly secure tlie corners of drawers except by 
hand. With his invention, a thousand pieces 
could be preiiareil and put together without any 
change or fiidsh. Mr. Nelson subsequently in- 
vented and iKitented a number of appliances, 
but his real, notable work was done in connec- 
tion with the knitting niachiues for knitting 
hosiery. The first of his machines which he 
patentevl, is now in use throughout the civilized 
world, although subseciuent improvements have 
been made upon the original. The original knit- 
ting machine necessitated one operator to each 
machine, but, with the Nelson invention, an 
operator c-an oiJerate thirty-five machines. 

For some years Mr. Nelson "was the .senior 
member of the firm of Nelson & Burson, but 
later he became vice-president of the Nelson 
Knitting Company, to which he gave much of 
his time and energy, succeeding in placing it 
among the leading industries of the city. Mr. 
Burson wilhdrew from the firm before the ma- 
chine was completed, and had nothing to do 
with the final inventions which perfected the 
machine. The patent is in the name of Jlr. 
Nelson. He was also president of the Eagle 
Boot and Shoe Company, and was interested iu 
other organizations, especially among those pro- 
moted by his own countrymen. 

The inventions of Mr. Nelson revolutionized 
the knitting industry throughout the world. 
While the returns from some of his patents 
were large, his expenses were very heavy, and 
he was constantly experimenting, for like every 
true genius he was never entirely satisfied with 
results. Then, too, he was very charibible, and 
no one ever applied to him for assistance who 
went away enjpty-handod. Especially was this 
true with thuse who came from Sweden, for Mr. 
Nelson ever cherished a warm affection for the 
land of his birth. When death claimed him, he 
was at work upon an improvement for his knit- 



868 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



ting iiiacliine, and it was thought th:it the se- 
vere strain to wliich he suhjected himself, weak- 
ened his powers of resistance so that wl-.r-n he 
was attackeil by typhoid pneuuionia, he was 
not able to rally, and died after an illness of 
ten days, on April 15, iss;l. At tlie time of his 
funeral, tlie Central and Union furniture fac- 
tories, the Knittinji works, the Ilockferd .Mitten 
factory and the chair factory, the Skandi:'. Plow 
works and other establishments, closed tl'eir 
doors out of respect for him and ai'iiieciaiion 
of his genius. 

In 1S.J4 Mr. Nelson married Miss Era Cbris- 
tena Pearson, born .May G, 1S3-J, at Wing. 
Sweden. She came to .\meriea on the same boat 
as Mr. Nelson, and on the long voyage the two 
young people became acquainted. With her 
were her parents, one sister and three brothers, 
but all have passed away except Mrs. Nel?or\. 
The Pearson family located at St. diaries. 111., 
where she continued to reside until hor happy 
marriage, after which Rockford continued to be 
her home. Mr. and Mrs. Nelson became the 
parents of seven children: Alfred, who died at 
the age of thirty-three years; Colonel William, 
who is now president of the Rockford Drilling 
Machine Company; Oscar, wlio is vice-president 
of the Forest City Knitting Company ; Frithiof, 
who died in infancy; Frithiof (known as Fritz), 
who is secretary and treasurer of the Forest 
City Knitting Company : John B'ranklin, who is 
an inventor of attachments on machines that 
make the rib tops on socks; and Anna Catherine, 
who married Samuel H. Reck, secretary and 



treasurer of Ti'o Giaves-Klusman Tool Com- 
pany, Cinoinnnti, Oliio. 

I>uriag.his lifetime .Mr. Nelson was very much 
interested la the welfare of Uie old Swe<Jish 
Lutheran Church, wjw known as the First Luth- 
eran Church cf P.o'kford, to which Mrs. Nelson 
also heloufrs. T.'i-v were the first to put their 
namer, down on the list of nienihcrs of the old 
church. PoUacally Mr. Nelson was a Republi- 
c:iu, but his maiiifold intereits and heavy busi- 
ness cans prevent'il his taking an active part 
in public affairs, although he was always a sup- 
porter of those movements which looked to- 
wards a betterment of humanity and a purify- 
ing of einn ctxulitions. Fraternally he was a 
Mason, belonging to Rockford Commaudery, and 
was also a member of Kent Lodge A. O. U. W. 

Thirty years have passed since Jolin Nelson 
was iaiil to rest, and yet the industry he 
founded through his inventions still goes on. In 
countless factories throughout tlie world, his 
machines are turning out n product that not only 
lessens labor, hut furnishes a cheap, attractive 
and comfortable covering for the feet of those 
who work as well as those vhose lives are shel- 
tered. Thousands owe their means of subsist- 
ence to the genius of this man, wlio, through his 
Invention, provided the instruments for them to 
ciierate. Such a man needs no monument of 
marble or granite. His memory is consecrated 
by his accomplishments in this life, and because 
of his upright, con.scientious, hard-working 
years and his absolute fidelity to what he felt 
was true and right. 



LU^IAN T. HOl^ 



Luman T. Hoy, who is the T'nlted States 
marshal for the northern district of Illinois, 
demonstrates in his life the truth of the 
saying that real merit receives proper recog- 
nition, and that other one, that nothing succeeds 
like succes.s. I'ersistent, conscientious en- 
deavor along legitimate lines has resulted in 
tis case in consecutive advancement and 
added honors, all of which he has faith- 
fully won, for he holds the rcc<ird of never 
having slighted a task or neglected a duty con- 
nected with the several offices which he has so 
ably filled. It is such men as lie who give 
dignity to the service of tlieir country and 
uphold its power and make its laws something 
more than empty phrases of legal lore. Mr. 
Hoy was born in Alden, Mfllenry County, III., 
October 28, ISoO, a son of Marmaduke and 



Catharine M. (Alberty) Hoy, both natives of 
New York State, where the father was born in 
February, 1S21, and his wife in .Tanuary of that 
same year. They were married in Lockport, 
N. Y., in 1S4-1, and the fall of that same year 
they came to Illinois, settling at Alden, Me- 
Ilenry County. They made the long trip by 
way of the Erie can.il and the Great Lakes to 
Chicago, from whence they took teams and 
wagons to convey their household goods and 
themselves to Alden. In the spring of 1845, 
Marmaduke Hoy bought a farm in McIIenry 
County and began farming, thus continuing 
until the fall of lSi;.5, when he was honored by 
election to the office of clerk of McIIenry Coun- 
ty. In order to take charge of the office prop- 
erly, Mr. Hoy moved to Woodstock, the county 
seat, and as he was reelected to succeed himself 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



869 



In ISOO, he held tlie otiicp cl^ht years. After 
the expiiatiou of his second teiui of officv, Mr. 
Hoy formed a partiiershii) with his son, George 
II. Hoy, and the tiriu embarked in a dry goods 
and s-Tocery business at WotKistock, inter en- 
Iarj:iii;.' the field of their oiierations by beconi- 
Inir liankers as well. Two other sons were taken 
into the business, and when the bankins inter- 
ests dominated the others, tlie firm disiiosed of 
them, and devoted themselves to their financial 
institution. Mr. Hoy made Woodstock his home 
until his death, which occurred May 1;", 1912. 
He continued the head of the bank for a number 
of years, and remained in active business until 
within a couple of years of his death. Duilng 
his earlier life he taught school in his native 
state for some years, and was so engaged dur- 
ing the winter seasons after coming to Illinois. 

Marmaduke Hoy was twice married, his fii'st 
wife. Miss Alberty, dying in 1^(12. His second 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Ksther At- 
water, of Lockport. X. Y., survives him, residing 
at Wc-odstock, 111. To his first marriage Eve 
children were born as follows: Sarah D., who 
is tlu' wife ot Dr. E. W. Wilbur of Mesa, Aria;.; 
I.uiiian T., wliose name heads this sketch; 
Ce-irg,' H., who is of Woodstock. 111.; Fremont, 
wli.> N u\<o nf Woodstock; and Jennie, who died 
ut Ibf ago of two years. The second marriage 
of .Mr. Hoy resulted in the birth of two chil- 
dren: Kittie A., who died when seventeen years 
old; and John M., who lives at Woodstock. Mi. 
Hoy was highly respected by all who knew him 
and was one of the substantial and public- 
spirited citizens of liis county. He was a 
staunch Republican in his political alfiliations 
and always took an active interest in the suc- 
cess of his party. Voting for Fremont and Day- 
ton, the first candidates for president and vice- 
president on the Republican ticket after the 
Republican party was formed, he took a pride 
Ju coutinuing his support of that jiarty after- 
wards. Originally, he was a Whig and so 
naturrilly turned towards tlie new party iiimn 
its organization. 

I.unian T. Hoy spent his boyliood on a farm 
in McHenry County, attending tlie district 
schools, and helping with the work on the farm. 
When he was fifteen years old, he removed with 
his parents to Woodstock, the county seat, where 
he spent three years attending high school, tak- 
ing a general course. At the age of eighteen 
years, he embarked in a drug business in that 



city in i>a-taership with A. R. Murphy, and this 
a.^sociation coatioued twelve years, when Mr. 
Hoy par<h:i<et! his partner's Interest, and has 
since thou cnnducied the business alone, although 
since Februj.ry, ISlfO, iie has emplo.ved a man- 
ager to look after the liusiness. In February, 
ISOf), Mr. Hoy ^»ns aiipointed secretary of the 
Illinois State I'.oard ot riuuMuacy, which office 
be fdlod for five years, resigning to acceiit tliat 
of Vaiied Stales Appraiser of Imported Mer- 
chandise at the is)rt of Chicago. He filled this 
position, --try acceptably until July 7, 1900, when 
he resigned to accept his present office, which he 
has filled ever since, with satisfaction to the 
govenmient und distlmtion to himself, being 
re-appointed to succeed himself in August, 1911. 
Mr. Hoy still resides at Wotxlstock, but has his 
office in the Federal Huilding. Chicago. He, 
line his father. Is a staunch Repul)lican, and 
has held many oHices of trust in his native 
county. The first one was that of treasurer 
of Woodstock. Ho then served as an alderman' 
of the city some years, ani' later was elected 
cliairman of the i;epul)lic-an County Central 
Couunittee, and served consecutively for 
eighteen years, during which period he was 
elected and serve.l fourteen consecutive years 
as supervisor of liorr Township, which em- 
braced the City of Wo.Hlstock, in McHenry 
County. During this time be was also a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Central Commit- 
tee, representing the Kleventh Congressional 
district, and the last two years was secretary of 
tha.t body. 

Mr. Hoy was niariied at Palmyra. X. Y.. 
October S"*, l^T.", tn Miss Anna A. Vanderboget, 
a native of Xew York, born in Sodus, that state, 
October 13, l^-», a daughter of Philip and Mary 
(Miller) VanderlK>get. Mr. and .Mrs. Hoy be- 
came the parents of two son'-, namely: Clinton 
L., who was \nnu x.U.h.v 17. is7i;. a practicing 
physifi:in at Tbrc iM.rk-. Mont., and Kugene 
R., wh„ was iH.iii , 



1n7^, 



itto 



uf the 
M:irk's 



at W..o,l-t,.ck. 111. Mr. Il..y is a i 
Ma^.a^lic liatmiity. lirl..iiuing t 
Lodge No. (;:;. A. F. \ A. M. or \\-....<l^to.k, III., 
Woodstock Chapter Nn. ::'■. U. A. .M.. .and Calvary 
Comniandery Xo. S; K. T. He aVo l.el,,ng> to 
the Hamilton Club of Chicago. His wife is a 
member of the Woo<lsto<.k Ciiapter of the Fast- 
ern Star, and also of the Wo^Jdstock Woman's 
Club. 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



JOHN HOWARD BURNHAM. 



Jobn Ilowurd Ciiriiliaui, of Blooiiiiiif:ton, 111., 
was boru in ls.34, in Essex, .Mass., a little 
town which was tal;cu oft" from Old Ipswich in 
ISIO. Ills father was John Buiiihaiii, who in- 
herited the home of John Burnliaiii, who emi- 
grated from Norwich, Eni,'land, to Ipswich in 
1G34. His mother was Sarah (Choate) Per- 
kins, who was a first cousin to Iteiihcn Choate, 
the great New England lawyer and orator. His 
paternal grandmother was a Goodhne. His ma- 
ternal grandmother was a Choate, and Mr. 
P.iirnham possesses genealogies of the families 
of Curnham, PerlUns, Choate and Goodhue, 
carrying his history back to the old English 
homes. 

John Howard Durnham emigiated to Bar- 
rington, Cook Covnity, 111., in Is.-i.".. In is.'iS he 
entered the State Normal University at Bloom- 
ington, from which he graduated in ISCl, being 
the first Cook County craduiitc at that institu- 
tion. The young man enlisted at Normal, 
August 20, ISOl, for service in the Civil war, 
in Company A, Thirty-third Illinois Infantry. 
Mr. Burnham became first lieutenant of this 
splendid student company, and by the later 
elevation of its commander he was promoted 
to be its captain, September 5, 18G2, serving 
until obliged from ill health to leave the serv- 
ice in 1SC3. For one year he was superintend- 
ent of schools in Bloomington, when he re- 
signed to become editor of the Bloomington 
Pantagraph, then in its tenth year, where he 
remained almost three years. 

In 1S67 he commenced contracting for county 
and township iron highway bridges and other 
structures, a line of business in which during 
over forty years he pioneered the introduction 
of Improved bridges in one-half the counties 
of this state and in many of the counties of 
■Wisconsin. He thus acquired a very extensive 
and intimate acquaintance with the geography 
of the state and with very many of its leading 
citizens, as well as with much of the state's 
local and other history. 

Mr. Burnham has antiquarian and historic 
tas'-.cs. In the intervals between business care= 



he wrote, in IsT'.i and ISSO, a history of Bloom-' 
ington and Normal, and thus placed on record 
a great amount of historical information relat- 
ing to these two important municipalities and 
concerning the early history of McLean County. 
In 1.S02 he was one of the most active citizens 
to organize tlie McLean County Historical So- 
ciety, which has long possessed a room in tho 
McT^au County fireproof courthouse, which 
room is now almost entirely filled with an his- 
torical museum of much more than local inter- 
est. This society has publislied three important 
volumes of its transactions, all of which have 
been benefited by Mr. Burnham's careful fore- 
sight during their publication. He has con- 
tinued to be chairman of its e.'i;ectitive commit- 
tee during the twenty-two years of the society's 
e.xistence. 

In 1S82 he became corresponding member of 
the Chicago Historical Society and in 1000 he 
was one of the organizers of the Illinois State 
Historical Soeiet.v. He has been one of its 
most active directors during the whole fifteen 
years of the society's history, and through his 
extensive acquaintance in Illinois, during the 
early days of the society his assistance was of 
considerable importance. His recent paper on 
the "Destruction of Kaskaskia by the Missis- 
sippi River'' is his most important historical 
contribution to the society's publications, 
though his enthusiastic paper at the society's 
first annual meeting on "Local Historical So- 
cieties, Their Field of Work and Their Rela- 
tion to the State Society," may possibly have 
been of more real importance to the society's 
welfare. 

On January 23, ISOG, Mr. Burnham married 
Miss Almira S. Ives, daughter or Mr. A. B. 
Ives, of Bloomingtou, who was one of its best 
known lawyers. He was a son of .\lmon Ives, 
a pioneer of Kendall County, 111. -Mrs. Burn- 
ham was born in the same county and came to 
Bloomington with her father in ]So3. They 
have no children. She is an artist of more 
than local reputation. 



THO^IAS Cr. LAWLER. 

The late Colonel Thomas G. Lawler was one 'Who?" of Rockford. Of him it may truly be 
of the most distinguished residents of Rockford said that his life was full of kindness and use- 
for many years, his name lieing recorded with fulness; his unfailing loyalty, his love of jus- 
two or three others in- the bieimial "Who's tice, his ideals of goodness, his knowledge of 







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HISTORICAL EXCYCLOrEDlA OF ILLINOIS. 



871 



men and his earnestness of purpose, niinle blui 
one on whom all could reli" ; it was reeo^niized 
that he never acted from any motive but the 
best; he exemplified in his c-onduct all the at- 
tributes of the real altruist. Civil war veteran, 
business man, home-lover and loyal citizen, 
Colonel Lawler rounded out his period of life 
ns n tr\ie man, and departin?:, left an enduring 
f cord of military and civil life that all might 
emulate. Colonel I.awler was born at Livcr- 
jiool, Kiife'laud. April 7, 1S34, and died at Eock- 
fnrd. 111.. IN'bniary 3, ICiCiS. When he was ten 
years old, his parents c-ame to Itockford, so that 
lie practically grew up in the city to which it 
was destined he should add such honor in after 
life. From childhood he displayed a strong 
interest in military affairs, so that at his coun- 
try's call for service it was but natural that 
he should early offer his service when our fnion 
was in danger. He enlisted and was enrolled 
ns a private in Company E, Nineteenth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, September 17, 1S61. He 
gave three years and three months of arduous 
and ilatmerous service to his country and he 
was lii>iioralily mustered out at the close of the 
c<.iit!lct. Through merit in camp and field he 
»iis pr.-nintcd to the rank of sergeant, and was 
brcMlfd first lieutenant for honorable scrv- 
Uv. lll> rcL'iment was engaged in some of the 
Mifn-t and njost decisive battles of the war, 
wbbh ict'i ilieir im])riut of victory upon the his- 
t<.>r\ of the preserved nation. He was in the 
battles of Stone River, Chickamauga, Mission- 
ary Itidge, Kesaca, and through the entire At- 
lanta campaign with Sherman to the sea, never 
shirking duty and always distinguishing him- 
self by valiant service; he was twice slightly 
wounded and his clothing often pierced by the 
enemy's missiles. General William Starke Rose- 
crani! jilaced his name on the coveted "Koll of 
Honor" for bravery in the field.. 

After being mustered out. Colonel Lawler re- 
turned to Kockford, where he devoted his tal- 
ents towards the establishment of himself in 
business, and the betterment of his community ; 
actuated at all times by a strong desire to se- 
cure a large moral uplift for .'-elf and comrades. 
Two years after his return from the army, the 
young hero was married December 24, IStlC, 
to Miss Fannie A. Rodd, who survives him, 
residing at the family homestead. No. 21S Kish- 
waukee street, Rockford. His home was his 



refuge and fortress fronj the surgings and con- 
flicts of public life. 

Colonel Lawler was a keen business man, fru- 
gal, quick to see and seize legitimate oppor- 
tunities. Having accumulated some capital, he 
associated himself with other solid men in eo;il, 
fuel and lumber interests, which he aided in 
developing to a remarkable degree. The Rock- 
ford Lumber and Fuel Company was for years 
the largest concern of its kind in northern Illi- 
nois. To the time of his final illness. Colonel 
Lawler was active with his associates in its 
management. In 1S70, his fidelity to his coun- 
try and city was recognizinl by President It. B. 
Hayes in his appointment as iK>stmaster of 
Rockford and for thirty years he practically 
held this resimnsible office. His long connection 
and proi.iineiice with jKist.-iI affairs at Rockford 
received merited and distinguished recognition. 
He was honored from year to year by election 
to the troasurership of the X:itional Association 
of I'ostmasters, First Class Offices, from its 
organization in IS'JS to the time of his death. 
At his death the Deiiartment at Washington 
ordered the acting jiostmaster at Rockford to 
suspend all business of the office from one to 
four-thirty o'clock, P. M., the day of his funeral, 
so that all the attaches of the office might at- 
tend tlie funeral, which they did, marching in 
a body. No citizen of Rockford was so hon- 
ored in his death and burial as Colonel Lawler. 
Flags floated at half-mast on all the public 
schools, the c-ourt house. Memorial Hall, city 
hall, and many other buildings; the entire city 
being in deep mourning for the loss of its dis- 
tinguished citizen. The bells of all the chnrches 
tolled as the cortege passed through the streets; 
the schools were closed, and business was sus- 
pended during tlie hours of the funeral. The 
school children of Rockford, wishing to e.xpress 
their admiration and love for him, gave an 
American flag made of flowers, so large as to 
cover his entire grave. So generous and .spon- 
taneous was tliis giving, that a large sum re- 
mained whii h later was used to purchase a flag 
for each of the twenty schools of the city. This 
flag is used as a patriotic "contest" flag on 
Memorial day an<l goes from room to room in 
the buililing. His luve of the flag was a devo- 
tion ; be was instrumental in having a flag 
placed on every school house in the county. 

Colonel I.awler was eminent in the Grand 
Army of tlie Reiiublic. having been elected Com- 



872 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



uiamler of Nevius Post No. 1, G. A. 11., forty 
times, .-jcrving thirty-seven terms conseciitnely, 
a retoril iiiisuriia.ssed in this great iiatrintic and 
fraternal order. He was chosen Deiiartnient 
Couuiiander in 1881, and the coveted honor of 
Commander-in-Chief of tlie G. A. R. was tie- 
stowed upon liini in 1S04 at I'ittsburgli, he serv- 
ing his term witli added honors. He was tl;o 
first Connnan<ler-in-Chief to visit all the south- 
ern states in a deep spirit of fealty and coij^ il- 
iatiou. His rank of Colonel was gained for 
meritorious service in the Third Kegiment, Il- 
linois National Guard. Colonel Lawler was In- 
strumental in the formation of Company K of 
this regiment, of which he was the beloved and 
efficient drill master, thus continuing until Jan- 
uary 5, 1877, when he was elected first lieu- 
tenant. Later, on November S, 1880, for ef- 
ficiency and appreciation, he was elected colonel, 
and held the office until 1802, retaining an hon- 
orary membership in the regiment until his 
death. Charitable in a marked degree, he was 
particularly generous to old soldiers ; he loved 
his comrades like a brother and none ever suf- 
fered when Colonel "Tom," as he was a.fec- 
tionately called, knew of his need. He was a 
member of the Centennial M. E. Church of Kock- 
ford, serving on its first board of trustees with 
helpful distinction, and as Sunday school suiier- 
intendent with rare efficiency and fidelit.v. 
Colonel Lawler was equally prominent in Ma- 
sonic circles. He was I'ast Master of Hock- 
ford Lodge No. 102, A. F. & A. M., having served 
as Master from 1878 to 18'<r,. He was a mem- 
ber of "Winnebago Chapter No. 24, R. A. M. ; 
Crusader Commandery No. 17, Knights Tem- 
plar; Freoport, Illinois, Consistory; S. P. R. S. ; 
thirty-second degree JIasons, and of Tebala 
Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, Rockford. 
In addition he belonged to Rockford Lodge No. 
e-1, r>. p. O. F., of which he was a charter mem- 
ber, and was on its first board of trustees. 

In politics he was a staunch Republican. Al- 
though ofti'U urged to jiermit his name to bo 
used on his party's ticket. Colonel Lawler con- 
sistently refused, even though at almost any 
period in his history he could have I'oen mayor 
of Rockford or governor of tlie state, had he 
chosen to enter public life. It was his bi-licl", 
however, that he could better ser\e his parly 
and the poofile of his beloved city as a private 
citizen, and no promise of political distinction 
could move him from tins decisoii. 



The folbiv.-ing tribute was pr.id to Colonel 
Lawler by a ct>;iu-,' <le : 

•'TOM" LAWLFR 

"Like the blick eagle, tiu soldier brave 
Wtwso valor helped the land to save ; 
In peace, a leader tried and true, 
Beloved by everyone he know. 

Quick with aid to tlmse in n'-ed, 
Witiioiit deceit or hate or greed, 
A comrado ant] friend on God's own plan, 
'Tom' Lawler was every inch a man." 

This distinguished citizen of Rockford, who in 
life had achieved a national reputation, was 
tenderly laid to re;:^t wrapi)ed in a beautiful 
silk tlag which was presented to him at Louis- 
ville, Ky., in 1S0,">. At that time the flag was 
suspended over both Colonel Lawler and Gen- 
eral Buckner, the latter having been a Con- 
federate soldier during tlie Civil War. To 
lUusti-ato the present close connection between 
the North and South, the flag was dropped to 
cover the two men, who once had been the 
valiant and vigorous exponents of the "Blue 
and the Gray." Colonel Lawler always highly 
prized this flag, and by personal request and 
the wish of the donors, it was appropriately 
used as his final winding sheet. Rockford felt 
the loss of this exemplary citizen, but its iieople 
did not mourn alone, for throughout the state 
and the Union profound tributes of respect and 
admiration wore bestowed, governors and presi- 
dents vicing with c.uh other in paying high 
compliment to his vlrtu<>s and attributes in 
glowing words of well-di'served praise. His in- 
timates knew for a long time that he was suffer- 
ing from enlargement of the heart: this broiight 
on complications that ultimately caused his 
death in the midst of active life when his busi- 
ness and home a.ssociations were of the most 
value. He bore bis illness with the fortitude of 
a soldier, eli'-eiing his family and associates 
up to the final stnig-'le, when be surrendered 
to the CoiLiueror of all uitlmnt a murmur. In 
death as in lil'e. he proved liiiiiself a hem. He 
had the iiatriotism which realizes that there is 
no contribution to be made to a community so 
valualilc as a man whoso sliield is stainless, 
whose helmet glows with eternal sunlight. Such 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



mail leaves behind him soniethlnp: so uiiich 
clier than his fortune, that the rising genera- 
i.n will do well to stand I y his frrave, and 
1 a time of "ild drvc'tinn to unsfrupnioiis 
,(iiiev-"etlini;, reltett mion his unblemished 



Sclf-S.-l(TilM 


•in^- s|.irit of duty. 


well lie sa 


id: 


z.Mied dut> 


•■s stainless shield,. 


■t a star in 


1 lioii(ir"s sky." 



AUGUSTUS FREDERICK XliaiTIXliALK. 



There is, pri'laldy, no better known ti^-nre m 
the Illinois held of education than l>r. Augus- 
tus Frederick Xishtingale. For forty years a 
resident <if Chicago, he has constantly tilled 
hi.-h |Ki-iti"ns of trust and responsibility, and 
has fun ildy imjiressed himself upon the life 
and institutions of the community in a manner 
jilike creditable to himself and productive -of 
lastin;; benefit to the city. He was born No- 
vember 11. 1S43, at Quiucy, ilass., a son of 
Thomas J. and Alice (BracUett) Nightingale, 
and is a descendant of one of the oldest Ameri- 
can families. The environment of the Xew Eng- 
land fathers was calculated to bring out and 
develop all that was sturdy and vigorous in 
l>oth mind and body, and their descendants con- 
tiniH' to manifest the traits of character which 
cnnMed them to survive the hardshii)s they 
were rnnitwlled to endure, and which rendered 
PHvperlty possible In the face of the most for- 
bidiiin:: conditions. Both the Nightingale and 
Hra-kutt families were of early New Kngland 
orl^'ln, and both were prominent during the colo- 
nial e|KHh of this country. 

In the acquirement of his education. Doctor 
Xlnhtiiigale attended successively the public 
s.'hools of Quiucy, the Newbury Academy of 
Vermont ami the Wesleyan I'niversity of Con- 
necticut, being graduated from the last named 
with valedictorian honors as a member of the 
class of ISGG and a member of the Phi Beta 
Kai>pa Society. His ripe scholarship of late 
years has received recognition in the honorary 
degree of Master of Arts, received in ISO!), Doc- 
tor of Philosophy, in 1.^91, and Doctor of Laws 
In 1001. Following the completion of his col- 
lege c-ourse, he accepted the professorshiji of 
Latin ami Greek in the Upper Iowa University, 
with which he was connected for two years. In 
ISfiS he was called to the presidency of the 
Northwestern Female College, at Evanstnn, 111., 
where ho continued until 1S71, and during the 
following year he acted in the capacity of pro- 
fessor of Latin and Greek in Simpson College, 
Imllanola, Iowa. From 1ST2 to 1S74, ho was 
superintendent of the public schools of Omaha. 



Xcl 



to »' 



teen years remained as principal of the Lake 
\'iew hi-'h school. He was then elected assist- 
ant superintendent of the Chicago public schools, 
in IMiii, .and for two years supervised the gram- 
mar and piiuKiry schools of the North Side, fol- 
lowing which, irnm 1MI2 until 1901, he was 
superintendent of all of the Chicago high schools. 
In 1902 he was elected superintendent of the 
Cook County schools, and was re-elected in 1900, 
.serving in this capacity luitil December 5, 1910. 
He has been a trustee of the University of Illi- 
nois since IMIS, and was president of the board 
in 1902 and 190:). He was president of the 
Nebraska State Teachers' AsscK-iation in 1S73, 
and of the Illinois State Teachers' Association 
in 1SS7. while in ISSS he served as president of 
the srcdiidary department of the National i:du- 
cational Association. He has long ranked with 
the considcuous educators of the country i)y 
reasons of achievements in systematizing and 
coordinating the work of the secondary schools. 
From 1^9.5 until 1n99 he was chairman of the 
committee of the Xation.il lOducational .Vssocia- 
tion on college entrance requirements, and iu 
1S9S was iiresident of the North Central Asso- . 
ciation of colleLtes and secondary schools. He 
was the author of '•Requirements for Adnn.ssion 
to Ameriian CoHcl'os,'' and is even more widely 
known bc'-ansc of his work as an editor of one 
hundred volumes published under the title of 
"Twentieth Century Text Books." Governor 
Denoon appointed him a member of the educa- 
tional commission to revise and perfect the 
school laws of Illinois. The honors which wore 
conferred upon him in connection with the sys- 
tem of jmblic education have been well-merited 
and modestly borne. One of the leading Chi- 
cago newspaiicrs said of him editorially in No- 
vendier, I'.ioi',. ■■Doctor Nishtingale has made 
education and the organization and direction 
of educational activities his life work. He has 
been remarkably successful. In almost every 
field of the work from the primary to teaching 
the classics in a University, from grtide to 
sui>erintenilent of liigli schools, from instructor 



874 



HISTORICAL ExXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Ill Greek and Latin to Collese I'lesidcnt, lie has 
left the lUiirk of an earuest student and apt 
instructor, and intelligent oipiuizer and a ju- 
dicious director." 

On August 24, IsiiC, Doctor Nightingale was 
married to Miss Fanny Orona Chase, daughter 
of Itev. C. H. Chase, of New Hampshire, aud 
they became the parents of six children, namely : 
Florence, born Jlay 22, 1808, who hecanie the 
wife of r>r. W. Kutlin Abbott, aud died October 
24, 1912, leaving one son, Augustus Frederick 
Nightingale Abbott, liorn June 2.j, 100(5, who is 
living with his grandfather, Doctor Nightingale ; 
Carl Fred, born September 20, 1809, who died 
Septemlwr 27, 1870 ; Ilarrj- Thomas, born Octo- 
ber 11, 1871, who Is an instructor in Northwest- 
ern University, Evanston, 111.; Jessie Irma, l>orn 
February 27, 1873, who is the Wife of Harrison 
M. Angle, of Evanston, III., and had one son, 
John Harrison Angle, born January 30, 1000, 
who died November, 1000; Winifred, born Oc- 
tober 20, 1874, who is tlie wife of Vaughn Lee 



Alward, of Evanston, 111., and has three chil- 
dren, Winifred Lee Alward, born JIarcli 4, lOOG, 
Vincent Alward. born June 3, lOOS, aud Betsy 
Alward, borji June 10, 1914; and Tearl liomeyn, 
born December 12, 1875, who is the wife of Win- 
ter L>. Hess of Evanston, 111., and the mother of 
three children, Chase Nightingale, born October 
27, 1900, Richard David Hess, born June 2, 1002, 
and Frederick Winter Hess, born November 11, 
1910. Doctor Nightingale resides at No. 916 
Sheridan Road, Evanston, with a summer resi- 
dence at Lake Geneva, 111., and is well-known In 
social circles of the city. He has not been back- 
ward in contributing to movements calculated 
to promote the public welfare and has given 
liberally of his time and means to charity. A 
man of broad learning, his activities have been 
so directed as to best servo his city and his 
State, and few men have succeeded in a greater 
degree in gaining aud maintaining the c-on- 
lidence and regard of their fellow citizens. 



JOHX P. HOPKINS. 



It is not given to every man to excel in both 
business and politics. Every lino of endeavor 
demands certain siiecilic characteristics, and 
few there are who either have so many differen- 
tiating ones, or are able to adapt those they 
possess so as to make them eniineutly tilting 
for divergent avenues of progress. Chicago 
is exacting ; it demands much from its citizens 
before it crowns them with the laurel wreath 
of success. Its civic conditions are such that 
the man who rises to desirable heights in poli- 
tics must have a close and prac'.ical knowledge 
of the needs of each section of this in;meuse 
metropolis. On the other hand its business 
interests are so numerous and many of tliem 
conducted upon so extensive a scale, that it 
would appear that in order to outclass competi- 
tors, it would be necessary for a man to devote 
every effort to the perfecting of his commercial 
aud industrial connection.-. Yet there are men 
of this city whose names are equally well known 
in iX)litical aud business circles, and perhaps 
no one who can honestly lay claim to this 
distinction, is more widely recognized as en- 
titled to the lionor than John P. Hojikins. one 
time mayor of Chicago, and at all tinjcs a suc- 
cessful business man. 

Mr. Hopkins was born at r.uri'alo. N. Y., Orto- 
bor 20, 1858, a son of John and .Mary (Fliiui) 
Hopkins. He "'as educated in the public schools 



and St. Joseph's Academy of Buffalo, but early 
in life became self-supporting, commencing to 
work when only thirteen years ohl. In 1871, 
he enteretl upon a three and one-half year 
apprenticeship with the David Bell Company, 
of Buffalo, for the purpose of learning the ma- 
chinist trade, and was later weighmaster for 
the Evans Elevator Company, filliug that posi- 
tion for two years. In December, L8S0, he 
came to Chicago, and in the following March, 
he associated himself with the Pullman Palace 
Car Company, remaining with that corporation 
for se^•en years, and rising frc)m timekeeper to 
paymaster. In September, ISSS, Mr. Hopkins 
severed this connection to devote all of his time 
to the .\rcade Trading Company, which he had 
established at Pullman in ISS-j, aud of which 
he was secretary. 'The business later developed 
to such an extent that it was reorganized as 
the Socoid and Hopkius Company, and eight, 
general stores were conducted by this concern. 
Mr. Hopkins became president of the Aurora 
Automatic Machinei-j- Company, director of the 
Chicago I'neumatic Tool Company, the Chicago 
and Great Lakes Dredge and Dock Company, 
the Consumers Company and the Peabody Coal 
Company. He is a man of superior business 
(lualifications and few keep better posted on 
current is-:ues. 

In his political connections, .Mr. Hopkins has 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



875 



always been a stanch Deuiocnit and has been 
i'xceeclin?:ly active in the work of his party. 
He was the jiromoter ami organizer of the an- 
nexation movement for a greater Chicaco, and 
as chainuan of the annexation committee he 
conducteil the campaign whicli resulted in the 
annexation of Hyde Tark, Lake, Cicero, Jeffer- 
son and Lake View to Chicago. In ISW, he was 
elected mayor of Chicago to fill the unexpired 
term of Carter H. Harrison, Sr., and discharged 
the duties of that distinguished position capably 
and with fidelity to the best Interests of the 
people. He was chairman of the Cook County 
Democratic campaign committee during 1800, 
ISOl and 1S92, and was vice-chairman of the 
National (Gold) Democratic committee in 1800, 
and chairman of the Democratic State commit- 
tee in 1001, 1002, 1003 and 1004. Pie was a 
delegate to the Democratic National Conven- 
tions of ISOl*, 1000 and 1001, and was one of tlio 
organizers and for four years president of the 
Cook County Democratic Club. 

Mr. Hopkins has been prominently identified 
with the business, financial and political In- 
terests of Chicago for more than three decades, 
and during this time he has reached a broad 
field of useful operation. In business life he 
is alert, sagacious and reliable, while as a citi- 
zen lie is honorable, prompt and true to every 
engagement. Genial and whole-souled, ho is a 
delightful host and always a welcome guest. 



Mr. Ilopliius is a member of the Catliolic Order 
of Foresters, the Catliolic Mutual Benevolent 
Association, Kniglits of Columbus, the United 
States Catholic IIistoric.il Society, the American 
Catholic Historical Society, the Chicago His- 
torical Society, the Hiblioi>liile Society of Boston, 
the American-Irish Historical Society, the Art 
Institute and tlie Field Museum of Natural His- 
tory. Hi^ social associations are with the Chi- 
cago AtbUUc, .Midway, South Shore Country, 
the Gennania, the rullman. Press, and Jefferson 
clulis; and the Illinois Manufacturers Associa- 
tion and the Chicago Association of Commerce 
of Chicago; the Manhattan and Tildeu clubs 
of New York; the American Academy of Polit- 
ical and Social Science of Philadelphia and the 
National Geographic Society of 'Washiugtou, 
D. C. Though quiet and unassuming in man- 
ner, he has made countless warm, personal 
friends, and all who know him recognize iu 
him a man of earnest purpose and progressive 
principles. Always deeply interested in the wel- 
fare of Chicago, he has been one of the im- 
portant factors in advancing its interests, and 
the city owes to him a debt it can never dis- 
charge, inasmuch as he roaterially increased its 
area and aided in bringing to it in large meas- 
ure many of its important industrial concerns, 
while ;it all times he has assisted in raising the 
standanl of its civic requirements. 



JOHN "WILLIAM BARWELL. 



Dignity, sympathetic bearing, scholarly at- 
tainments and a business sense developed far 
beyond the ordinary, are a few of the character- 
istics which distinguish John William Barwell, 
one of the leading figures in the business circles 
of Waukegan, as well as a forceful personality 
in its social life. A man of ripened experience, 
he has brought his knowledge of men and affairs 
to bear upon his conduct of the several concerns 
with which he is connected, to such an extent 
that they have not oiily enjoyed a long era of 
prosperous activity, but they have their influence 
in determining the standards of other houses of 
a similar character. In his career, Mr. Ear- 
well is an earnest refutation of the claim that 
too much mental development is a handicap in 
the business world. Had he been less learned, 
his life history might have beoji entirely dilfer- 



ent. .\s it is, liis scholarly pursuits lend a char- 
acter to all that he undertakes, and not only 
have proven beneficial to others, but vastly en- 
tertaining to himself. 

John William Harwell was born at Leicester, 
England. November 2, 1854, a son of Thomas and 
Elizabeth (llannam) Barwell, natives of Eng- 
land. The father was engaged in marketing- 
agricultural seeds, corn and oil cakes, and so 
continued to operate until his retirement in 1S.S4. 
His death occurred July G, ISOG in England. The 
mother died in ISjS, also in England. The ma- 
ternal grandmother of John William Barwell, 
Mary (Bitkley) llannam descended from the 
Bicklcy family of England, noted for their pos- 
session of the famous Bosworth field on which 
occurred the defeat and death of Richard III 
of Eiigl.ind. 



876 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLLVOIS. 



Until lie was fourteen yrars oUi, Jobn Williuiu 
Banvell attended a privnte school in bis native 
place, but at that time went to Trent Collei:;o 
in Derbyshire, and remained there from 18tW 
to ISTJ. Later he passed the Oxford senior local 
examinations as an associate in Arts. To learn 
the foreign trade, ho engaged in handling cotton 
and general produce in a l)roker's oliice at Liver- 
pool, England, and so continued until ISTG. In 
that year he entered his father's business in 
Leicester, and remained for two years. He was 
a member of the Leicestershire Country Club. 
Then he left his native hind for the United 
States, his objective point being Chicago, pur- 
posing arranging for the sliipment of seeds, oil 
cakes and cotton cakes, from the United States 
to his father and the importing European houses. 
In order to facilit-ate his operations, he became a 
member of the Chicago Board of Trade, and in 
ISSl became connected with E. W. Blatchford & 
Co., in the manufacture of Blatc-hford's Calf 
Meal, which is recognized as being one of the 
best brands of its kind on the market. When 
his father died, Mr. Barwell returned to England 
to settle the affairs of the estate, and upon his 
return bought out the Blatchford interest and 
transferring the business to Waukegan, erected 
his present plant in 1000, and has continued in 
this line of business, having added the manufac- 
ture of poultry foods, and milk substitutes for 
pigs and lambs, to the original product. While 
giving much attention to the multitudinous du- 
ties of his concern, Mr. Barwell has found time 
to be interested in other directions, and since 
Decemt)er, 1012, has been president of the 
Waukegnn National Rank, being ok-ctc.l at t'ae 
time the bank was organized. 

On Oct. 27, ISSl, John William Barwell 
was married to Harriet Frances Porter of Wau- 
kegan, a daughter of Captain Henry E. and Har- 
riet (WHiittaker) Porter. Captain Porter was 
liorn at I^ummerston, Windham County, Yt., 
June IT, 1S23. In ISS^j, he shipjied on the 
schooner Bolivar, at Cleveland, Ohio, as a caliin 
boy. When this vessel touched at Waukcgan, be 
left it, and made it his home, altlionL;li lie cm- 
tinucd to engage in tht-' lake and rivir trade 
until 1S.".0, becomiiig.iu time captain of his own 
vessel. During the Civil war, ho srrved fnmi 
]S0.3-(m as enrolling oflieer for tlie Uni.ui army. 
Later he became a merchant, and for viars was 
thus engaged, althouu'li lie retired in 1V»r,. In 



politics, he was a Itepubiican. His fraternal 
aOiliations were with the Odd Fellows. .Mrs. 
Barwell died January 21, 101">. She was very 
active in church and oua.iiable work, and was a 
member of the Lake County Humane Society. 
She was sincerely mourned by all who had the 
honor of kaowing hsr. Slie e.xerted a strong in- 
fluence for good iu iier (ommuiiity, and was a 
lady of the most bea\i;;fMl traits of character. 
Like hsr husbnad. she was interested in country 
life and enjoyed their attractive rural home on 
the Beach roa<l near Waukegac. 

irr. Barwell vras ? dirci'tor and president of 
the Lake County Tuborcniosis Institute in 1010. 
Although elected alderman from the Third Ward 
of WauKcgan, in 390S. he did not qualify, l)ut he 
gave four years' service as a njemher of the Civil 
Service Commission of Waukegan, to which he 
was appointed in 1010. A consistent member 
of Christ Episcopal Church, be served it as 
vestryman for twelve years, and iu lOH was 
elected Junior Warden. For years he has been 
a nieaibcr of the Lake County Humane Societ.v, 
the American Geographical Society, the Chicago 
Geogranhical Society; is a director of the 
Vraukegan Young Men's Christian Association; 
is a life member of the American Association for 
Judicial Settlement of International Disputes; 
is a member of the Art Institute of Cliicago. and 
of the Illinois Athletic Cluli. In politics he is a 
Republican. - 

A man of profound convictions. Mr. Barwell 
has out into concrete form some of his idea.s 
relative to the controversies arising between 
scientists and those who believe in divine revela- 
tiiiii. Those he has embodied in a scholarly 
pamphlet entitled "Science and Revelation. An 
Outcoiee of the Creeds." If space permitted, it 
would be interesting to quote this remarkable 
document in full, but perhaps some idea of its 
scope may bo obtained from the closing para- 
graplis whifh embody Mr. Barwell's simjile 
creed : 

"A belief in a Bcin- ,.r Perfected Humanity, 
the l)i\ine Hum.ni, 01 uiioiii Science is the mind, 
and I'.cvclatiou the heart, whom we represent 
<in earth,' in whom wc live, who live-; in us, in 
life eternal." 

"That the object of our existence is a per- 
fected Humanity here and hereafter and that -we 
must cimstantly strive to improve ourselves to 
that end." 




-i^ ^ -^. /?^<^^tM-i.ll^ 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



877 



CHARLES KEEPER. 



Aoieric:!, whore total deniocrafv is supposod 
to leigii aud where no lines of distinction are 
drawn other than those of relative, proved 
abOity, has Ion;; attracted the ainl)itious youths 
of foreign countries. In making their home 
here they find their dreams of earnest labor 
■well repaid, come true and their immigration is 
of mutual advantaM. A fair example of the 
case in hand is found in Charles Keefer, who 
nineteen years old, and, relying on his own 
resources, did not only secure a mere sustenance, 
came to New York from Germany when he was 
but made living worth while and, in the years 
of his prime, laid preparations for years of 
i-etlremont. lie fought a good fight, and his 
life story is interesting. 

Charles Keefer was born December 20, 1S4S, 
at lutertnrkheim. Wittenbuig, Germany, a son 
of Christian and Kegina illahn) Keefer, owners 
of stone quarries in the vicinity of their home. 
He was the eighth of twelve children in order 
of birth. While his parents, who are now de- 
ceased, did not themselves come to America, 
they sanctioned Charles' leaving, which took 
place in March, ISOT. On the fifteenth of the 
month, he arrive<l in New York City, and there 
he remained for the space of one year, going 
then to IJnrliuL'ton, Iowa, and occupying his time 
as a painter. When he was twentj''-four years 
old he camu to Chicago, and, after the great 
fire of 1S71, entered the grocery business In 
partnership with lirnest Ilnher, locating on 
North avenue. Subsecjuently they undertook a 
more high-class grocery at tlie corner of Web- 
ster and Lincoln avenues, and received satis- 
factory returns therefrom for two years when 
the partnership was dissolved and Mr. Keefer 
disposed of the property. On September 22, 
1S75, he opened another grocery at tlie corner 
of State and Division streets, and here he was 
engaged for fifteen consecutive years, at the 
close of which time the success he had gained 
amply justilied his retirement from active com- 
mercial lifi'. ]?ack in ISSO lie had laiilt a tour- 
story apartment building at Xo. IIGO North State 



street and another at Xo. 5 West Division 
street, which provided a steady income for him 
during the remainder of his life, and which are 
now contributing to the support of his widow. 
Mr. Keefer had always enjoyed traveling and 
was fortnnate enough to be able to Indulge him- 
self in this matter and made four trips back to 
his old home in Germany, going in 18S.j, 1S94, 
1S07, and 1002. The trip made in 18So was in 
the company of George P. Schert, a dear friend 
for over thirty years. Companionship made the 
visits very enjoyable, and in 1902 Mr. Keefer 
took his wife and daughter to the Fatherland 
with him. All the success Mr. Keefer enjoyed 
and all the privileges he was permitted, he 
earned through the application of well-consid- 
ered thought and grit, for, although he eventu- 
ally inherited a part of his father's estate, he 
was essentially a self-made man. He was a 
member of the I. O. O. F., .\pollo Encampment 
Xo. H3o. for thirty-five years. He also was con- 
nected with tlie Seliwabenverein, a charitable 
society, for twentj-five years, and was long 
identified with the German Lutheran church. 
Politically his afliliation was with the Repub- 
lican party. 

Charles Keefer was married to Miss Marie 
Kurtz of Shakopee, Minn., in 1874. To this 
union there were no children. Mr. Keefer was 
married a second time, Jlay 21, 1S7S, to Miss 
Lizzie Kurtz, a sister of his former wife, who 
had died in 1S77, who, of a family of twelve 
children, was third in order of birth. Three 
children were boru to Mr. and Mrs. Keefer: 
Charles William, Walter Edward and Lillian 
Minnie, all of whom now live in Chicago. 

-Mr. Keefer died October 16, 1010, and his 
body was interred in Graceland Cemetery. His 
life was a splendid example of the accomplish- 
ments of devout purpose. With scarcely any 
cash assets to begin his career in America he 
sought opportunity and met success. He was 
.the type of man that is woi'tby of honor in any 
land. 



ISAAC NEGUS. 



It was at a time when develnpmeut and prog- 
ress were larL-ely in the future, that Isaac Xegus 
came to Kock Island, 111. He had already dem- 
onstrated business ability and shown foresight 
in furthering enterprises in several sections 



where he had a tentative home, but it was not 
until he came to Rock Island that he permitted 
his progressive ideas full development which re- 
sulted in the founding and solid upbuilding of 
many of the important coinmercial concerns of 



87S 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



today. Like many auotlior thoroughly success- 
ful man, he began at the lx)ttom of the ladder 
and while his brain was busy and his ambition 
keenly alive, he woriioJ with his hands and, to 
Ills credit, was never ashamed of those early 
days of industry. 

Isaac Negus was born December 31, 1700, at 
Fabius, Onondaga County, X. Y. There he at- 
tended the common schools and tlien became 
self sujiporting. When the opixjrtunity was of- 
fered, he, in partnership with James Sangler, 
took a ?l.^iO,000 contract as part of the construc- 
tion Work of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. 
In lS2(i he became engaged in a mercantile busi- 
ness, going to Chicago and then to Galena. In 
the latter place he became interested in a gen- 
eral store and in various buiUling enterprises. 
Mr. Xegus came to Rock Island October S, 1S44, 
and immediately became a factor in the city's 
commercial life and laid the corner stone not 
only of his own fortune, but through his enter- 
prise and financial backing, assureil the stability 
and success of a large number of the enterprises 
which have contributed to Hock Island's busi- 
ness supremacy.- He was one of the founders of 
the banking house of Osborn, Xegus & Co., or- 
ganizers of the Rock Island Bank, the pioneer 
banking institution of the city. He v.as one of 
the organizers and part owner of the city's first 
street ear system; was a large stockholder in 
the Rock Island Watch Company; was heavily 
Interested in the Rook Island Stove Comiiany, 
and promoted many other city commercial con- 
cerns. 

Ill the early part of ISTil. Mr. Xegus built the 
uew Rock Island House, on the site of the ftn-- 
nier hotel, which he had owned, also erected the 
Xegus Block in the heart of the city's busines^, 
section and invested in many acres of farm land 
in Henry, fiercer and Rock Island counties, 
with rare foresight purchasing wlieii he C(nild 



secure it for from $10 to .?20 an acre. Much of 
this property still- remains in the possession of 
the family. When he built his spacious resi- 
dence, it was the handsomest private house in 
the city, modern in all its appointments and 
equipped with every appliance for comfort and 
the demands of social life. In this beautiful 
home he enjoj-ed many years of happy domestic 
life. He was widely known and was the friend 
and as.sociate of many of the prominent men of 
his day in this section and at one time was 
president of the Old Settlers Association. He 
was known favorably by river men as formerly 
he had been owner and commander of one of 
the river vessels. Mr. Xegus died Xoveraher 27, 
1SS3. 

Mr. Negus was married November IS, 1S3D, to 
Miss .Terusha Waldo, of Staft'ord Springs, Conn., 
and they had three children born to them : 
Charles W., William O. and Annie Steward, 
William Osborn being the only survivor. 

William Osbuiu Xegus was born May 11, 1S49, 
at Rock Island. He was educated at Rock 
I.sland and there completed the high school 
course. Having a natural bent toward mechan- 
ics, ho became an engineer and for ten years was 
on the river in this capacity, one of considerable 
responsibility and distinction in those days. He 
retired from river life in order to assume the 
responsibility of managing his father's exten- 
sive business interests and under his charge tliey 
all have prospered. About 1890 he took charge 
of the Rock Island House and personally con- 
ducted it for ten years. In 1013 he entirely re- 
modeled the hotel building, making it one of the 
finest hostelries in the country. It contains S-1 
sleeping rooms, three large cafes and every other 
equipment and accommodation found in modern 
hotels iu any part of the country. Mr. Xegus 
is unmarried. 



LY^LAN WARE. 



Chicago is Justly notable for the skill, learn- 
ing and high character of the men and women 
■who make up its medical practitioners and the 
profession here numbers among its members 
those whose scientific attainments .-ire far be- 
yond the ordinary. Among those well known 
here for a half century is Dr. I.yman Ware, 
•whose career is typical of modern advancement, 
liis having been a broad field of medical service. 

I.yman Ware was born at Granville, Putnam 
County, 111., Xoveuiber 11, ISil. His parents 



were Ralph and Lucinda A. (Clarke) Ware, who 
were among the pioneers of Illinois, having set- 
tled in this state in the early '.10s. In his 
native place the youth had academic advan- 
tages and later ho attended the University of 
Mirhigiin. During 1803-04 he served in the 
Civil war, in the One Hundred and Thirty- 
.second Illinois Volunteer Infantry, as hospital 
steward. The e.Kporiences of the battle-ground 
and the field hospital, terrible as they were at 
that time, did not turn the young man from 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



879 



bis deteniiiiiiition to perfect liis knowledge of 
medicine aiul enter into iiractice; on the other 
band, it probulily strengthened his resolve and 
urgeil on his ambition. Accordingly he niatricn- 
lated at the Northwestern University and was 
graduateil from that institution in lSi'.i; with the 
degree of >I. D. Later he entered the medical 
department of the rniversity of Teunsylvania, 
and in isus received the degree of M. D. from 
that in^titution. 

At the time Dr. Ware was a medical student, 
It was not lawful for medical colleges iu gen- 
eral to study anatomy by the dissecting of the 
human body ; and yet, not to be well acquainted 
with the intricacies of the human organization 
was also a professional crime. After Dr. Ware 
had 'entered into active practice, he, in asso- 
ciation with tlie late Dr. .Tohn Woodward (then 
of the marine service, U. S. A.) and the late 
Dr. Henry P. Jlerrinian, were largely instru- 
mental in securing the passage of a law giving 
medical colleges facilities and privileges in this 
connection not before accorded them, which 
resulted in a highly advanced knowledge and 
efheiency in surgical practice. 

In .\pril, 1S0.S. Dr. Ware established himself 
in the practice of his profession in Chicago, and 
continued as a general practitioner, confining 
himself to internal medicine until 1ST4. when he 
went abroad, where he remained for about two 
years in special preparation for the treatment 
of di.seases of the eye, to which special line of 



practice he has since limited himself. He has 
displayed capability along educational lines and 
iu the practice of medicine and ocular surgi-ry 
has shown his tliorougb iV.niiliarity not only 
with old methods but r\;ih the new that are 
constandy being discoTeted and tested. His 
professional service has e,-er been discharge*! 
with a conscientious sen.se of professional obli- 
gation, alwfi.ys reD;embering that he belongs to 
a body set apart, one that more than any other 
is helpful to hiimanity. 

In .Tune, ISVT, in the city of Chicago, Dr. 
Ware was married to Miss Elizabeth A. Law, 
and they have rhree children: Hildegarde, Edith 
and Elizabeth. The faniily home at No. 4424 
Drexel Boulevard is ic a choice location and it 
Is often the scene of pleasant social functions. 

As a man of enlightened understanding and 
civic pride, Dr. Ware takes an interest in all 
worthy public movements, but is no politician. 
He \otes with the Republican party. He is a 
member of the Americ.-m Medical Association, 
the Illinois State Medical Society and the Chi- 
cago Ophthalmological and Otoiogical Society. 
He has translated, by permission. Dr. Fred von 
Arld's ' Clinical Disease of the Eye," which 
has proved most valuable in the study and 
ti-eatJjient of diseases of that organ. The per- 
sona' impression given by Dr. Ware is quieting 
aud satisfying, inspiring confidence and com- 
manding respect. 



JO SI AH STILES. 



Sometimes the greatest prosperity of a ix>pu- 
tous city depends upon specific industries for 
which its location may particularly favor it, 
manufacturing building up one section, ship- 
ping another, the cultivation of the vine or the 
growing fruits or mining contributing to a 
third, all of these bringing wealth aud inde- 
pendence. Who has not heard of Chicago and 
of her great captains of Industry? With 
future transportation lines, with her miles 
of frontage on Lake Michigan and with a rich 
agricultural country to draw upon, keen, 
shrewd, far-seeing men early saw this an ad- 
vantageous point for large business euterprise.s 
and this became the home of the packing in- 
dustry. The Chicago stockyards have been 
heard of all over the world and foreigner.^ 
traveling in the United States, usually are not 
satisfied until they are visited, impi-essions be- 
ing carried away with them of an undreamed 



of business perfection .lud vastness. Almost 
all of the great founders have passed away 
and to each the country has accorded a large 
measure of grateful remembrance, for they 
were a sturdy class of men, who, while they 
sought fortune for themselves, have always 
been credited with personal honesty and busi- 
ness integrity. And such a man was the late 
Josiah Stiles, one of the last survivors of the 
old group, whose death occurred at his resi- 
dence, Xo. 4.S41 Madison avenue, Chicago, on 
March 20, 1013. 

Josiah Stiles was born at Millbury, Worcester 
County, Mass., January 2, 1828, a son of Ver- 
non and Lucy (Goddard) Stiles. His parents 
came of Revolution.Try stock and were natives 
of Grafton, Mass. Josiah Stiles was an'ordixl 
eilucational advantages which included attend- 
ance at Wooflstork Academy, near Thomp.-<'n. 
CoTm., after which ho taught school at Wood- 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



stock and long afterward would sometimes re- 
late amusing incidents that occurred while be 
was, according to custom, "boarding around." 
Another incident of his youthful days which lie 
freijuently meutioned was of niaUing a trip to 
Boston and hearing Daniel W'eli.',ter make u 
speech, the imjiressiou produced never beinj: 
forgotten. 

In 1S.J0, Jlr. Stiles came to the west, a family 
removal being probable, and went into business 
with his father at Itacine, Wis. From there, 
ten years later, he went to Sabula, Iowa, 
where, with his brother, I'erJey G. Stiles, he 
established a packing bu.-iness, and from there 
came to Chicago. Still in association with his 
brother, who remained as manager of the Sa- 
bula plant, in Chicago Mr. Stiles establisheil 
the firm of Stiles, Goldie & McMahon at tbe 
stockyards. In 1SS2 the Sabula plant was sold 
and the Chicago company dissolved but shortly 
afterward the firm of Jones & Stiles enteied 
the packing business at the yards and continued 
aggressive in the business until it sold out to 
the International I'acking Company, ISOo being 
the year. Mr. Stiles then retired from the 
packing business but his retirement was of 
comparatively short duration as, with his with- 
drawal one of the men of soundest judgment 
had been removed from the industry, and the 
International Packing Company wisely secured 
his return and elected him president of the 
corporation. His name and influence had the 
desired steadying effect. lie was long a factor 
in this business, his experience leading from 



small beginnings to one that ga\-e employment 
to thousands and sow his product distributed 
to every nation ou e.irlh. He possessed many 
characteristics credited particularly to New 
England — industry, frugality and clear sighted- 
ness. lie \-\as one of tiie early and long a most 
active member o" the Cbicogo Hoard of Trade, 
and for a time served as its president and in 
recognition of his v-.iluablc interest the board 
presented hini with an honorary gue.-^t ticket, a 
jjarticular mark of api)rc.';iatiou. 

On April 2:;, 1S50, Mr. Stiles was marrieil to 
Jliss Lucy XichoU, a daughter of Capt. George 
1". and Mary (Alton) Nichols, of Thompsoa, 
Conn. Two children wore born to Mr. and Jlrs. 
Stiles: George Nichols, who died In 1007, and 
Lucy Goddard. M'ss Lucy Stiios is a lady whose 
charities are ntauy and she is greatly interested 
in settlement work. The family are members 
of Chri-ofs Reformed Episcopal Church, of 
which Bishop Charles Kaward Cheney has 
charge. Although never particularly active in 
Iiolit:c>;, ,\Ir. Stiles was Dcmiiially a Republi- 
can but frcsiueutly used his own judgment in 
supporting candidates for office. He was a 
trustee of the Old People's Home, and for some 
time president of the board of trustees and con- 
tributed generously to the Gleuwood Industrial 
School for Boys. At one time he was much 
interested in the Old Central Church. He was 
identified fraternally with the Masons and was 
one of the promoters and early members of the 
Chicago and Calumet clubs. 



SIMEON W. KING. 



Hon. Simeon W. King, Vnited States Commis- 
sioner, attoruey-at-law, and notary public, has 
been a pulilic figure in Illinois for many years, 
and his name is honorably linke<l with the en- 
during fame of Abraham Lincoln, his friend and 
assoc-iate, and on the 7tli of October, 1.m;4. when 
he was two months over twenty-two years old, 
was appointed by liini tn the Federal P.eiich, a 
life [losition. lie is als,i the only commissioner- 
of deeds at Cliicago, fur .-ill the stales and ter- 
ritories. British riuvinces, KurojH'. China, 
Japau, Nicaragua and all parts of the world, 
also is commissioner of the Fnited States Court 
of Claims at Washington, District of Columbia. 
He was born in wh.it is called King's oettiou, 
in Morgan County. Ohio, August IS, 1S12, a son 
of Hiram Rogers and Deborah (Wcxidrow) 
King. The father was born in Lancaster 



Count:.', Pa., and the mother in Cecil County, 
Md. They were members of the ."Society of 
Friends and the youth was reared in a home 
of quiet simplicity under the watchful and so- 
licitous care of true Christian parents. During 
his earlier years he attended school at Wilming- 
ton, Del., end afterward spent four years as a 
student in the T. Clarkson Taylor's Academy 
at Wilmiugton, Del., where he was graduated 
with honors. He first came to Chicago, when 
a young man, but soon returned to the F.ast 
in order to prepare for a medical career, 
and -nith this intention entered the Baltimore 
Medical College. Afterward, finding his inclina- 
tions lay more in the direction of the \:\\y, Mr. 
King returned to Chicago, in is.is, inid entened 
the Fnion College of L;iw, from wliich be was 
graduated A]iril 3, ist.i:;, and inmiediately en- 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



881 



torod into pnifticc. He was tirst fomiocted as 
a law clerk witU the ollices of Cioddricb. Fanvell 
and Smith, at that time the leading law firm 
of the city, and it wa>s here that the oppor- 
tuiilty came to him to make tlio aiipiaintame 
of Ahraham I.iucoln, an aciiuaiiitame tli:it 
rilKUed into warm liersonal mutual recrard and 
love, and on the part of Mr. Kiu^' to an aduiira 
tion and devotion that is yet shown in his fidel- 
ity to Jlr. IJncoln's memory. Just at that time 
Mr. Lincoln was deep in the campaign with 
Stcplieu A. Douijlas as his opponent for the 
oflice of I'nited States Senator, and made his 
Chi.-a,i;o headquarters at the otiice of the above 
named law firm. 

It was about this time that Mr. Kin- received 
bis appointment as Commissioner of Deeds fronj 
all the governors of all the states and terri- 
tories, and from all foreign countries; by the 
president of the I'nited States' was appointed a 
commissioner of the Alabama Claims, and alsi) 
commissioner of Deeds for the District of 
Columbia. When but twenty-two years of age, 
Mr. King was appointed L'nited States Commis- 
sioner by the Hon. Judge Thomas Drummond 
on the advice and by the direction of Presidi'i t 
Lincoln, on October 7, lS(J-t ; reappointed by 
Hon. Peter S. Grosscup, July 1, 1S07: reap- 
pohited by Hon. Christian C. Kohlsaat, March 
.'10, l'.X)0; and by Hon. Judges Kenesaw M. Lan- 
dis and George A. Carpenter ; reappointed 
March 27, 1004, March 30, lOOS, and April 2. 
]f>12, his present term not expiring until April 
2, 191G. Now for over half a century, at Chi- 
cago, Hi.. Judge King has served continnously 
as United States Commissioner in and for the 
Northern District of Illinois, while he has also 
continually lieen reapjwinted conmiissioner of 
deeds. Originally the office of United States 
Commissioner in and for the Northern District 
of Illinois was for life, but a law passed June 
30, ISOO, linuted the period of ajipointment to 
four years. Nevertheless, Mr. King has oeen 
continued in office for judicial recognition and 
appreciation has been his and the feeling i-^ 
general that his place can never be. nor shunUl 
be, given to another, during his lifetime. Tlic 
Federal Judges Landis and Carpenter feel tlint 
Mr. King was appointed by Pre>ident Linitiln 
for life and that they propo.se to keep him in 
for life, for he is an honest, good and capable 
judge. 

In his political alllliatiou Judu-e Kin- has al- 
ways been a Republican and in all the national 
campaigns since the one that was made in the 



interests of Abraham Lincoln he has materially 
aided the work of the Kepublican National Com- 
mittee, and in l*~lMi was associated witli Theo- 
dore l;<KJsevelt ill campaign work in Michigan, 
speaking all through that state- for the elec- 
tiuii <if President ■\Villiam ileKinlcy, and has 
also spoken in other states of the United States 
from Minnesota to Massachusetts, and all 
through the South. He Is an elo<iuent speaker 
and each year h.is more invitations to deliver 
aildrosses on Lincoln's birthday, February 12, 
and at other times, than he can possibly accept, 
and when It is made known that he will speak 
in memory of Lincoln, a large audience always 
.awaits him, and there is not a building large 
eiioiigh to hold the crowds to hoar him. He 
not (inly give> addresses on Lincoln in tiie (Ity 
of Chieago, and in the State of Illinois, and 
the Initid St:iic-, but receives invitations to 
slicalc in fiireiu'n countries ou the life of his 
best and dean ^t friend, Abraham Lincoln, whom 
he knew personally and well for over two 
years before lie became president. Judge King 
was in the Kepublican convention at Chicago, 
when he was first nominated for the presidency, 
anil he is also tlie only surviving iiallliearer of 
that Christian and great American citizen, 
whom he feels is the greatest the United States 
has ever produced, or ever will. In speakir.g 
of President Lincoln, Judge King often regrets 
that he knew J. Wilkes Booth, who lived at 
Chicago. He slates that upon one occasion 
Mr. Pooth mentioned tiio killing of Mr. Lincoln, 
aii<l three months later the country was shocked 
by the news that this hitherto ob.scure actor of 
strong Sciutbeni sympathies, had sprung into 
iiotir,. throui.-li the horror of his shooting of the 
President. The facts of this lamentable event 
are known to every school child in the United 
States if iKPt ill the world. Judge King also 
kiH'w I'.ostoii Corbott, who captured Booth, and 
who shot him. Although half a century has 
]la^scd since the funeral of President Lin- 
coln, the events are as clear to Judge King as 
tlKHigh they had happened yesterday. As he 
was one of those selected to bear the beloved 
remains to Springfield, 111., he recalls more read- 
ily tile grief of the jieople of Chicago and Spring- 
tield, and his own feelings when the martyred 
I'residcni was laid to rest, in the city where 
so many of his useful years had been spent, and 
when this sad rite was performed there was 
s.arcrly a word siioken and everybody was in 

.Tudge King has been instrumental in secur- 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Ing uiany much neeiloil reforms and iuiprove- 
ments, and among other thinL,-s wrote the reso- 
lution and had it pa^^sed, when he was a mem- 
ber of the board of supervisors of Cook 
County, and chairman of the Judiciary Com- 
mittee in ISCiS, that established the Cooli County 
Kornial School at Sixty-eighth street, Chicago, 
and hence is called the "father" of that Im- 
portant institution. He was appointed l)y Pres- 
ident .McKinley Ambassador to Turkey at a 
salary of ?10,CK>3 a year, but declined that great 
honor because Turkey and Armenia were at 
war at that time. 

lie has served acceptably in numerous local 
oOices, and on Severn 1 occasions has been ten- 
dered positions of great honor and responsibil- 



ity. Twice he was noiiiiiiated for Representa- 
tive to the Illinois Central Assembly, and was 
also nominated for county conuuissiouer of 
Cook County, but declined on all occasions. Dur- 
ing the Civil war he was appointed by Gover- 
nor ilichard Yates as u member of his staff, 
and was present at the battle of Shiloh, Miss., 
on April 6 and 7, 1SG2. In local affairs he has 
ever been active and interested, and in his 
earliest public life served Cook County in office, 
for seven years being a member of the board 
of supervisors, and county attorney from 1809 
until 1S72, and was also town clerk, ward 
supervisor and jiresident of the Board of Audi- 
tors of South Town, of Chicago. 



DOUGLAS SHERWOOD TAYLOR. 



There were many of the veterans of the Civil 
war who returned from their military service 
men in thoughts and actions who had gone 
Into it boys in years and enthusiasm. The 
stern training given each one who participated 
In that mighty conflict developed all that was 
best in him, the dross being refined and the pure 
gold of his character being separated from the 
baser metals of natural inclinations. Thou- 
sands who might otherwise have been merely 
mediocre were developed into men who later 
commanded vast business interests and left 
names tliat are synonymous with ability and 
strictest integrity. Such a man was the late 
Douglas Sherwood Taylor of Chicago, whose 
operations in realty lines are remenitiered to 
this day, although he passed from the scene of 
his activities many years ago. Mr. Taylor was 
born at Xapoli, Cattaraugus County, X. Y., De- 
cember 31, 1S4G, a son of Kev. Horace and 
Hannah Elizabeth (Coan) Taylor. The former 
was born at Hartford, Conn., March 24, ISll, 
and his wife was born at North Guilford, Conn., 
November 2S, 1S20. Horace Taylor developed 
into a Presbyterian clergyman and was a divine 
of considerable reputation when his untimely 
death occurred in lS'y2 when he was only forty- 
one years old, leaving his .son, Douglas Sher- 
wood Taylor, a child of live years. His widow 
survived him until December 1, 1S70, when she 
passed away at Berlin, Germany. Other mem- 
bers of the family were : Addison Taylor, who 
died when only twenty-two years old from the 
effect of wounds received during the second 
battle of Fredericksburg, Va., while in the serv- 
ice of the I'nion army; and Isabella Klizabeth, 



who was born October 13, 1844, at Morgan, 
Ohio, is the wife of Prof. II. T. Eddy, professor 
of mathematics at the University of Minnesota, 
and they make their home in Minneapolis, 
Minn. The Taylor family comes of Scotch 
origin and its members have always been Pres- 
byterians, many of theui entering the ministry. 
The family was founded at a very early date in 
New York State. 

Shortly following the birth of their son, 
Douglas, the parents of Mr. Taylor moved to 
New Haven, Conn., and there the lad lived, 
attending school until sixteen years old. Al- 
though too young to meet the regulations, Mr. 
Taylor was so imbued with patriotism when 
war was declared, that he enlisted in ISGl as 
a member of Company K, One Hundred and 
Sixteenth New York Volunteer Infantry, under 
Captain Warren I. Ferris. His period of serv- 
ice terminated only with the war, be re-enlist- 
ing, and he attained to the rank of corporal. 
Mr. Taylor was unfortunate in being captured 
and confined in the southern prison for some 
months. After his honorable discharge, feeling 
that his old home did not offer sufficient oppor- 
tunities to one of his amliitions, he came west 
to Chicago, joining an uncle, D. W. Coan, a 
carriage merchant, conducting the largest busi- 
ness of the kind in the west. With him Mr. 
Taylor was bookkeeper until 1S72. 

During this period he had been studying con- 
ditions and values and in that year established 
himself in a realty business in Chicago, on 
Dearborn street between Adams and Monroe, 
later going to Clark and Kinzie, and still later 
to a handsome suite in the Home Insurance 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



883 



buikliiis, wliere lie was wlien (l:»ath cliiimed 
him in ISOO. His mKle-iii-l:nv, William G. 
Ewiim', had invested heavily in sJouth Chi<'ak'i) 
real estate, amouutins to some 200 acres, which 
was bequeathed to Mrs. Taylor I,y her aunt, 
Mrs. W. G. Ewiug, in IsTl. >!r. Taylor added 
100 acres to this tract, extending from the Cal- 
umet Kiver to the lake, in the neighborhood of 
One llumlved and Kishth street. In 1873 he 
be^'an improving this property, and three years 
later built his summer home there, where he 
found enjoyment a portion of each year. Mr. 
Taylor soon realized the necessity for betfr 
Jiiterurlian transportation facilities and built 
tlie South Chicago Uailroad, and as a result 
many of those employed in the mills in that lo- 
cality flocked to the region. Mr. Taylor sub- 
divided his property, building comfortable 
homes that are now owned by those whose in- 
terests are centered there. 

On April 10, 1SV2, Mr. Taylor was mnrried to 
Miss Esther Ewing Green, a daughter of Wil- 
liam Henry and Mary A. (Bearss) Green, and 
niece of William G. Ewing. The latter died a'. 
Fort Wayne, Ind., in 1S54, having made exten- 
sive investments in South Chicago in 1S02. ilis 
willow died January 15, ISTl, also iu Tort 
Wayu.'. Ind. ilrs. Taylor was born at 
l\'rt Wayne, Ind., and was reared there by licr 
aunt, tlie widow of Judge Ewing. Mr. Green 
was a wholesale merchant of P'ort Wayne, Ind. 
Mrs. Taylor entered wholeheartedly into her hus- 
band's plans and did much to develop the region 
Into which they introduced so much. They gave 
a generous support to the Evangelical church, 
and donated not only the ground for the erection 



of the present e<iiti.-e, but the l)ricks as well; 
and also gave the land and bricks for the 
buildin," of the school Which Invars their name. 
Later they furnished this with an e.Kcellent 
library. These are but a few instances of the 
noble si.irit Mr. and Mre. Taylor (^isplayed, for 
they always regarded their wealth as a common 
fund, from whicli to assist others less fortunate 
than they. Mr. Taylor was an enthusiasUc Ke- 
Publican, but never could be induced to hold 
oUice, asifJe from that of a township trustee of 
Hyde I'ark, and n.-ayor of South Chicago prior 
to its B.nne.xation to Chiaigo. Aside from be- 
longing to Columbia Tost No. 700, G. A. R., Mr. 
Taylor was Jiot a member of any association, be- 
lieving that he could better serve his fellow 
men if not hampered by fraternal ties. His 
friendships were warm and many, and once he 
admitted !> man into hi.s heart he would go 
to almost any lcn:.-ths to serve him. His busi- 
ness life was a full one, but he always found 
time to develop a happy home life and maintain 
delightful sficial coiinoctions. 

About ISDS his health brolic and for the fol- 
lowing two years he was an Invalid, but his 
nuiny friends hoped for his recovery, and were 
sadly disappointed to learn of his domi.se Jan- 
uary S, ISnC, at Fort Wayne, Ind., where he was 
buried. With his ]iasslng Chicago lost one of 
its most public-spirited business men. South 
Chicago Inst the father of its ultimate pros- 
l]erUy, and thousands of working men their best 
friend who had tlieir welfare at heart and was 
always ready and hai>j>y to assist them as far 
as lay in his power. 



AVILLIAM CHARLES ITAKTRAY 



EfBclency is the keynote of success along 
every line. It is the symbol, the co-related sign 
and working feature of the marvelous accom- 
plishments of every age and of all peoples. 
Without it civilization today would never have 
paissed beyond the stage of the cave man. None 
of the learned professions would have been 
developed from the faint beginnings of people 
striving for mental advancement, nor would 
the air, the earth, the water, and even the 
heavens over all be bound together to produce 
power and place for each generaiiou. Half-way 
methods cannot succeed in anything. To raise 
anything beyond the low level of mediocrity 
requires skilled and carefully trained knowledge 
and the power to use this to its highest degree. 



In nothing is thi 
the law. Tlie a' 
dead letter; his 
lack of this Imp, 



ruer than in the practice of 
nicy without eflJcieney is a 
•ugress is measured by his 
ant quality, and his failure 



is a foregone conclusion from the beginning. 
Among those who have forged to the front 
among the members of the bar of Chicago, none 
deserves higher praise than William Charles 
Ilartray, for he is a man who has always striven 
to develo)) his natural and acquired talents and 
his knowledge until he had reached the highest 
elliticncy in each line, and this policy, inaugu- 
rated at the beginning of his professional career, 
still continues to animate his actions. 

The birth of Mr. Ilartray occurroil at Evans- 
ton, III., March 27, l.s7;J, he being a son of 



8S4 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



James ami Jlaiy (AUis) Ilaitray. Until ho 
was sixteen years old, he attended the public 
schools of Kenosha, Wis., whither the fuiuiiy 
had moved, but then left his hiiih school course, 
to study under special instructions with a view 
to prepare himself for the legal profession. Eu- 
terin;,' Kent College of Law, he was graduated 
therefrom iu 1SD7 with the degree of LL. B., 
and immediately afterward passed the required 
examinations and was adniittetl to the bar. 
From then on, he has continued an active prac 
tice at Cliicago, at first specializing in probate 
law, but later branching out until now he car- 
ries on a general practice, and has been con- 
nected with some of the most important juris- 
prudent of the state. Professionally he belong.? 
to the Chicago Bar Association and the Illinois 
State Bar As.sociation and bis standing in both 
is unquestioned. 

Not only has Mr. Hartray proved his mettle 
as a professional man, for he has taken a deep 
Interest in civic matters, as a strong Republican, 
and has represented his party in a number of 
important oflices, including that of county com- 
missioner, to which he was elected in 1004, and 
re-elected for three successive terms. During 
his incumbency of that office, he was chairman 
■of nearly every important committee and was 
the executive of the Hospital comuuttee, accom- 
plishing nuich for the charities ; was chairman 
of the Industrial School committee, which has 
charge of the welfare of the children sent to 
the schools by the juvenile court, and during 
the entire period he was on the county board 
he was a member of the finance committee. 
Upon the formation of the joint committee of 
the county board, the city council, and the board 
of education, which included among its mem- 
bers, Judge O. X. Carter, Judge Julian W. Mack, 
Miss Jane Addams, Miss Julia Lathrtjp. Mr.^. 
Enunons Blaine and other very iirominent peo- 



ple, Mr. FJartray was chosen its chairman. This 
committee succec-d(-.i fu sociuing the erection 
of the present juvenile court building, the finest 
and most coujplere of its kind in the country, 
and wa.> also ba-gejy responsible for ihe broad- 
ening, of tlic scope and a<:t!'.lfies of the juvenile 
court and worked out the detail of its present 
system. As ^rr. Hartray has always been 
greatly interested in the charitable and humani- 
tarian mo\-er'iont3 couduc.'ve to the welfare of 
the ycuug, he became one of the organizers of 
the Fra^K-es Juvenile Home Association, for the 
vreatujcnt of children, and served as its presi- 
dent for a considerable period. His wide sym- 
pathies enable him to easily win the confidence 
of children aud therefore ue comes into con- 
fidential relations with them. While he is just 
and merciful, he is too trained a lawyer to con- 
done offenses or deal sentimentally with situa- 
tions. He has expressed his views in illustrated 
lectures on county affairs and few men distance 
liim in eloquence or easy delivery. 

On July 1, 1901, Mr. Hartray was married to 
Miss Ms(r Fleming, who died July 17, 1908. She 
was a daughter of Edward and Johanna Flem- 
ing, and was a charming lady and a beautiful 
character. Mr. Hartray's home is at Evaustou, 
v.here his interests center, and he belongs to 
ni'merous fraternal and social organizations of 
that to«n. Foi- many years he has been an 
acti'-e member of the Hamilton Club of Chicago 
and he also belongs to the Evanston Cluli, the 
Evanston Golf Club, aud the ^yestmoreland 
Country Clul). He is president of the Men's 
Club of St. Mary's Church of Evanston, is a 
member of the Knights of Columbus, the Royal 
Arcniuun. .ind the Modern AVoodmen of America. 
During all his life he has endeavoreil to im- 
prove existing conditions, aud his efforts have 
met with remarkable success. 



D.WID ^lARQUIS HILLIS. 



strength of puriwse, intelligently directed, 
results in iilniost every case in material ad- 
vancement. The man who fluctuates from one 
line of endeavor to another seldom achieves 
lasting success. It is the man who, knowing 
well what he desires to accomplish, forges 
ahead, undeterred, by obstacles, undismayed by 
the chances and changes of life, until he reaches 
his ultinuite goal. It sometimes happens that 
in his enthusiastic endeavors he sacrifices 
liealtli and strength and is withered to his fore- 



fathers before his time, but even then, in his 
brief span of years, he has accomplished more 
than cue who is content to sit still and idly 
watch the army of workers pass by. No man 
can reach heights of prosperity through his own 
efforts if he shirks duty, or seeks to lay upon 
other shoulders the responsibilities belonging 
to him. Great centers of industry develoj) big 
men ; big in the best sense of the word, for 
competition acts as a stimulus to action, and 
brings forth the best iu a man. The late David 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPKDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



88:] 



Muiuuis Ililiis was a man who honored Chicago 
by his ivsidence in that city, and was bouured 
by it in the success he attained iu the midst 
of its piogressivo real estate men. 

David Maniuis Ilillis was boru at Greeus- 
burg, lud., February 15, ISll, a son of David 
and I'atriea (McCounell) Hillis, jiatives of 
Bourbon County, Ky. At an early day the iiar- 
cuts moved to Groensburg, Ind., making the 
trli( in the iiionecr way with a covered wagon 
drawn by horses, and there tool; up governmeiit 
land. This the father cleared and on it built 
his log house in which his sou David Maiiiuis 
Hlllis was born. From time to time, the lather 
added to his acres, and at the time of his death 
was a heavy landholder. After bis demise the 
mother moved to Chicago and died at the home 
of her .son in tliat city, some years later. 

David Marciuis Ilillis attended the public 
schools in his district during the winter mouths, 
and farmed in the summers, until he entered 
lUitler L'niversity, where he took the general 
literary course, and from that institution he was 
graduated in 1801, being valedictorian of his 
(■l:is.s. 

lie Ihon enlfied tiie law depnrtiiionf of Yab> 
t\.l!o-e to study fin- a career in the law, !)Ut 
.ifter one year he became a clerk for Polk and 
Hubl>ell at Des Jloiucs, Iowa. There he con- 
tinued for two years, iu ISOS locating at Chi- 
.Mgo and opening a general law oflice for him- 
.si'ir In the old Honore block on the corner of 
.Monroe and Dearborn streets. As time went on 
he liegan to specialize in real estate law, and 
hniulled the business of John D. Jennings, 
noted as the father of the niuety-niue year 
lease. Mr. Ilillis maintained this connection 
until 1000, when he became president of the 
Champion Iron and Steel Company at iluske- 
gon, Midi., but this concern soon thereafter sold 
to the United States Steel coriwratiou. In 1002, 
Mr. Ilillis retired from active practice, and 
became interested in the Hartford Dei^osit Com- 
pany, of which ho was made president, and so 
coutinued until liis death. Sept.niber 15, 191-t. 
In religious matters he was ;)n inde]iendriit 



thinker, and ettcon years ago was one of tlie 
founders of the Independent Keligious Society 
of Chieag<;,- and gave it his undivided support 
until his death. An ardent sportsmauj a lover 
of books ar,d. appreciative of art productions, he 
de.oteJ his iR-it years to the collection of val- 
uable treasures. lie traveled extensively, and 
was a inp.n of wide li'.irniug' and scholarly at- 
tainments. 

Oil Deeemner 2.S, 1871, Jlr. Ilillis married 
Miss Dora Elma Knights, born at Chicago, Feb- 
ruary 11, 1S45: a daughter of Darius and 
Eliza. (Stevens) Knights, natives of Williams- 
burg, >,". Y . and the vicinity of Buffalo, X. Y., 
respectivei.v. Mr. Kniglits was a carjienter in 
early life and l)uilt the family residence at the 
corner of Lake and Fiftli avenue, but later 
moved it lo the jiresent site of the Advertisers' 
buildin.g. the family coiUiuuiug to reside in it 
during the time it w is being moved. He was a 
cily olhcial. Wliile lie was serving as super- 
intendent of the .>;e\\er dei>artuient of Chicago, 
lie put in a nuir.ljpr of the sewers still in use. 
His ollice was in the City Hall, then located on 
the site of the present Itookery building. He in- 
vented machinery still used ' in cleaning the 
sewers of Chicago. Tlie first of these inven- 
tions to be used, he called the "Garibaldi." 
^Vllen the Maine liquor law was in force in Chi- 
cago, Mr. Knights was city marshal, and was 
marooned in tlie City Hall for three days dur- 
ing the riot tliat ensued. He was also an otficer 
iu the contemporary militia of Chicago. 

Mr. and Jlrs. Ilillis became the parents of tlie 
following children: Dr. Dnvid S., who is now 
practicing medicine at Chicago; and George H., 
who is manager of the Hartford building and 
vice-president of the Hartford DeiKisit Com- 
pany. 

In speaking of Mr. Hlllis. a contemporary 
said: "He enjoyed the complete and absolute 
confidence of all liis business associates. In- 
tegrity was the watchword of his whole career, 
and was the fundamental attribute of his char- 
aifer. He was honest with himself and all 



DUDLEY LYFORD. 



In recalling the life and activities of those 
who once trod the old faniMiar ways with our- 
sehxjs but have now passetl off the scene of life, 
their characteristics are reniemliered, their gen- 
'eroiis impulses are recollected and the real value 
of their intluence is deterniiiied. In such a re- 



the life and |.er.-on,-ility of the late Dudley Ly- 
ford. who for many years was an important 
factor in Winiiehago County. He was born at 
Canterbury-. X. H., Xovcmber G, 1835. a son of 
Th.im.is and i:ii/.a (Greeley) I.yford, and he 



886 



illSTOKICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



died ;it tlie City llosiiital, I!c«.-I<ford, in liis sov- 
entj-iiinth year, following an operation, after 
quite a sie^e of ill licaltli at his Itoseoo lioino. 

■When a hoy of seven years, the parents of 
Dndley Lyford, full of rugged quality of the old 
Granite State, decided to ijiigrate to the now 
west of Illinois. Making the trip with teams 
overland, with the exception of the stretch be- 
tween Buffalo and IndiaTia, they reached Itoscoe 
Town.ship in 1842. The farm claim once owned 
by Dudley Greeley was purchased and here, on 
the hanks of the Rock River, were spent thoso 
early toilsome years of rude but hearty and 
pleasurable living according to many ii.ccouuts 
of pioneer days. It is easy to imagine the 
clearing and breaking of field after field of what 
is now such highly tilled laud. Into all thts 
striving and progress, the youth known as 
"Dud" entered with zest, and bore his ambi- 
tions and part. Many were the frontier temp- 
tations, but many were also the stern and some- 
times crnshing religious teachings which caused 
ujjheavals and searchings of heart in those rig- 
orous days. Only a few of those alive today 
can appreciate what a boy of the pioneer period, 
more than seventy years ago, would undergo 
in taming the then wild country and enduring 
the severe toil and hardships incident to those 
strenuous days. The privileges of schooling 
were meagre, and the demantls of work were 
pressing. One can well believe the ardor and 
hoiie with which a young farmer would throw 
himself into whatever severe labor and social 
recreations were provided in that romance of 
pioneer times. It is not diUicult to imagine him 
crossing the river in his boat, or driving through 
the spring floods, all being counted as part of 
the day's work. 

In April, ise;2, Jlr. Lyford was haiipily mar- 
ried to Miss Enmia II. Ilarley, of Kockton, where 
she was in much favor as a tearlicr. Tlieir home 
life was blessed en tlir farm by tlir birth of 
children, twelve in all, ol whuin seven, four 
daughters and three sous, still survive. It was 
the good fortune and joy of the jiarents to have 
many of their immediate family always at hand 
to share the common home life in tl.c \illage, 
and to see children's children, L'.ouinL' ihj to 
give their added affection, and youthful spirit 
to enliven the almndant days of their grand- 
parents. What a record the forty-nine years of 
a progressive farmer's life ou the old jilace 
make up, the large growing family gi\iug the 
father and mother a lich .scum^ of the alM.undijig 
inter.'sts of life as (heir young pcoi'le devel- 



oiied ami oik' niter the other went fonh to take 
their own places in the useful and enjoyable 
affairs of wider so'.ial and business circles. It 
Is indeed a rare experience when so many 
closely united family friends keep together and 
are able to attend and comfort each other in 
these changing years, which so often sunder 
people v,-ho live in remote parts so far away, 
when sickness and trouble eouie. How fitting 
it was that twelve yenrs before Mr. Lyford's 
dt-miso, be rud his wife should build a hospita- 
ble home to crov.n so conspicuous a site over- 
looking the o'd farm dwelling across the river, 
the scene of life's struggles, successes, sorrows 
and so much abiding 'nterest. Once they were 
settled in Roscoe village, there was more free- 
dom to enter easily into the life of the com- 
munity. It was Mr. Lyford's desire to be near 
his fraternal mates and share daily in the in- 
lerchauge of good fellowship. Many of the 
fr)e:;ds of the family re?i;ember with keen pleas- 
ure tlie Golden 'Wedding anniversary of Mr. 
and Mrs. Lyford, observed in their home a lit- 
tle more than two years prior to Mr. Lyford's 
death. Surely this noble couple could then say: 
"Our cup runneth over, for goodness and mercy 
have followed us all the days of our life." 

Mr. Lyford for many years enjoyed singularly 
good health and showed remarkable liveliness 
and cordiality, and when he became ill there 
were none ^n ho did not miss his presence upon 
the streets and at many places of meeting. He 
was an enthusiastic member of the Masonic 
order, and manifested reverence in following 
its ritual. His was a frank, outspoken nature, 
strong in his convictions, and in earlier years 
was outspoken in voicing them, and yet honest 
in confessing what he lielievcd to lie his faults. 
During his later jears. he was softer and gen- 
tler in his estimate of others, thus be>'oming still 
more lovable in character. .V pnlilii'-spiritod 
citizen, warm hoai'ted and giaicron^ to help and 
sustain by hi.s contributions, the higher things 
of life in the community, his inlluence lives on. 
In one particular neighborhood, Mr. Lyford 
lias always liecn foremost. When death visited 
any home and funeral arrangements were to be 
made, he was ever ready to attend with his car- 
riage and give his personal services. When one 
of the prominent men of his community died, it 
was remembered that when he was stricken, Mr. 
Lyn.rd ha<l feelingly find yet simply declared: 
-II.. will \.v iiiN-cd,- ami this was often said of 
him. <Mu; of his closest friends gave the fol- 









s^ 



"k ^ w ^t n ' -t ift mn 




c^L^..^^txjZ-^^;Cj::nj) Y/y^^'^i- 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



887 



louing testimony as to his clieorful oiitlouU on 
life: 

"It was soon ;ifter uiy coniiiig to IJoscoe that 
I fell In with Mr. Lyfonl one day, a glorious 
day, out in tiio oiu'n. 1 know not what moved 
bini to it, except his inten^^e enjoyment iu lite 
and love of it. He burst out with saying: 'I'd 
lll;c to live right here for a thousand years.' " 
Continuing, the spealcer said: "Jlay God who 
knows the heart and reads man's thoughts, grant 
long life to satisfy him and show him his salva- 
tion where he is gone. Let it he reniemhered by 
us, dear friends, tliat while we abide here in the 
body, we are under a divine disciijline and lu-o- 
tcction. God's blessed laws with obedience 
thereto are principles by which our lives thrive 
aud Come to a gracious fruition. We learn to 
live eternally as the gift of God, if with happy 
accord we follow the divine law of health, of 
Industry, of purity, of benevolence and truth. 



That our hearts may have absolute assurance 
and comfort of hope, we have Christian law of 
building a life comiilete and enduring: "For 
other foundation can no man lay than that 
which is laid, which is .lesus Christ. But if any 
man buildcth on the foundation gold, silver, 
.costly stones, wood, hay stubble; each mans 
work shall be made manifest ; for the day shall 
declare it, because it is revealed iu fire, and the 
Bre itself shall prove each man's work of what 
sort it is." 

'"Not my.sclf, but the truth that iu life I 
have spoken. 

"•Not myself, but the seed tliat in life I have 
sown — 

"■Shall pass on to age.'^ ; all about me forgot- 
ten, 

'■ '.Save tile truth I have spoken, the deeds I 
have done.' " 



FRANK Bi^CIvES. 



If the general consumer ii:nisps a moment to 
examine the smallest of the utilitarian articles 
which he probably handles or continually makes 
use of, he hnds these utensils, objects, tools or 
lij.slrumints so completey fitted for the pur- 
lK>^-s IntendiHl. that he may well be amazed, 
c.-^pivlally if he possesses no inventive talent 
hl::isvlf. I'erhaps it may occasionally occur to 
Mm that s^iiue one, better equipped, must have 
had Wonderful genius in order to make possible 
the fashioning of so complete a thing, from a 
bit of iron, wood or steel, when it becomes pu 
adaptive article that is absolutely necessarj- in 
some branch of industry. The initial invention 
may have been crude, but for any one to so im- 
prove oil this as to practically supplant the 
first tool, by one that can do the work more 
effectively and be produced at less cost, re- 
quires the possession of mechanical knowledge 
combined with inventive talent. The manu- 
facture of nails is one of the great industries of 
the country, and from the days of the pioneers, 
wlien a wooden peg served to inadequately 
fasten the logs of the calkin together, to the 
present cylindrical piece of wire kno^vu as the 
wire nail, progress has been continuous. To 
Frank Kaackes, general sales agent of the 
American Steel and Wire Company, belongs the 
credit of inventing autl introducing what Is 
now known the world over as the standard wire 
nail. 

Frank I'.aackes was l-orn in Germany, March 



9, 18t:;3, and is a son (jf Godfrey and Franziska 
Baackes. In (Jcrmany all cliiklreu are gi^•cu 
excellent educational opportunities and Mr. 
Baackes siient his school period under advan- 
tageous conditions. When he reached his fif- 
teenth year he began to bo self supporting, 
starting to work iu the local wire mills, where 
he continued tor one year and then decided to 
join his older brother, Michael Baackes, who 
was employed at the 11. P. Xail Company plant, 
at Cleveland. Ohio. He reached the United 
States in I'STO and was given employment In 
the above works, gaining oxiierienee in every 
department, and in IScil was made superin- 
tendent of the mill, an unusual promotion for 
one so joung but indicating the confidence he 
had inspired by his capacity. Mr. Baackes 
served as superiutcmlent of that mill until 
1SS4, when he was called to Beaver Falls, Pa., 
to there erect a wire nail plant for the llart- 
man Steel Company. It was while there that 
he became iiiiprcs>ed with the fact that in 
order to extend the consumption of wire nails 
they must be made of such pattern and quality 
as to supplant the cut nails. After much 
wearisome experiment he succeetled, in ISS-ti, in 
introducing what is now known as the standard 
wire nail, which on account of its great holding 
power, rai.idly grew in favor, and iu July ot 
that jcar, Jlr. Baackes organized the Salem 
Wire -Nail Conuiany, of Salem, Ohio, which he 
developetl into a prospering industry. It was 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



absorbed in April, 1S'.>>R, with otlier iihiiits at 
New rhilaileliiliia anJ at FiuJlay, OUio, by the 
American Steel and Wire Company of Illinois, 
and Mr. Haackes was made general manager. 
When this concern was absorbetl in tnrn, In 
January, l^TO, by the .rVnierican Steel and Wire 
Company of New Jersey, he was elected t'eneral 
superintendent, and in i:X»0 was elected ^'eneral 
sales anient and a member of the board of di- 
rectors, and in 1CK*5 became vice president ot 
the company. He piaintains otlices In Cliicau'o. 
Mr. Baackes was tirst married to .Miss Kate 



O'Kourke, wlio is survived by one sou, Godfrey 
D. Mr. Baackes' second marriage was to Miss 
Mamie E. Lut/-, and they have two sons : Frank 
and Karl. Although Mr. Baackes is a notable 
example of wliat is termed a distinctive busi- 
ness man, there is another side to his life and 
he finds recreation in golf, motoring and fishing, 
and enjoys as a member, the activities of the 
Chicago Athletic, Union r.eague, Chicago Auto- 
mobile, Calumet, South Shore and Germania 
clubs. 



CHAJiLES VENN. 



Incomplete indeed would be a history of Illi- 
nois without distinctive mention of that large 
body of men who labor in the broad tielil of 
medical service. Some have chosen a iiarticu- 
lar path and some work under particu- 
lar combinations of method, but all can be 
justly credited with scientific knowledge and a 
due regard for the pre>ervation of the public 
health together with a faithful devotion to 
their own patients that has, on occasion, been 
heroic. To the profession of meilicine, r)r. 
Charles \"enn of Chicago, early devoted his 
energies and after an honorable and successful 
practice of more than thirty-seven years, stands 
as a representative of all that is best and high- 
est in this line of human endeavor. 

Charles Venn was born in Driburg. West- 
phalia. Germany, April 2, ISi'J. a son of Dr. 
Theodore Venn, who was considered one of the 
greatest i)hysiciaus of Germany. For forty 
years he served as city physician of Driburg, 
where he lived, married and reared his chil- 
dren, three of his sons becoming physicians : 
Charles, Ferdinand and Gustav, the last two 
being now deceased. Joseph, another son. went 
into business but he also has iiassed away. Two 
other sons, Clement and Tliecxiore, became 
priests in the Roman Catholic Church, the for- 
mer of whom, now docease^l. for thirty joars 
was the beloved pastor of St. Boniface Church, 
Chicago. Kev. Theodore Venn, for fifty years 
has been pastor of a church at St. I'aul, Minn. 
The one daughter, Seraphine, married Dr. 
Hausleutner, a physician in Germany, and lliey 
have two children. 

Inheritance and environment no doubt had 
Influence in causing Charles ^■enn to choose a 
medical career. Encouraged in his choice by 
his father ho laid a souu<l foundation by per- 



fecting his general knowledge. For nine years 
he was a student in the Gymnasium at Pader- 
borne, iwrsuing a classical course, and upon 
the termination of his academic studies he 
decided to come to the United States and in 
1h;2 readied I'ittsburgb, Pa., after a voyage 
consuming two weeks on the Atlantic ocean and 
a long railroad journey through a country 
which must have seemed interesting to so intel- 
ligent a young man. Immediately he set about 
loiirning the English language, entering St. 
Michael's College, Pittsburgh. In 1SG4 he went 
to St. Paul, Minn., where he secured educa- 
tional work as a professor of languages in the 
Catholic Seminary, under Archbishop Ireland, 
and continued there until ISO". In that year 
he entered St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, 
where he completed a three years' course in 
philosoiihy. He came to Chicago in 1870 and 
began his medical studies and in 1ST3 entered 
Kush Medical College, continuing a close and 
most satisfactory student for the no.xt three 
years and was graduateil with the class of 3STG, 
immediately afterward being elected assistant 
demonstrator of anatomy. In conjunction with 
his duties at the college he entered into active 
private practice and followed this busy life 
until the latter part of 1ST7, when he severed 
his relations with Rush Medical College in 
order to return to Euroix; and study still fur- 
ther in the great medical centers of his native 
land. For one year he remained In Berlin, 
profiting greatly by the thorough instruction 
he there recel\ed, and then \^ent to Vienna 
and profitably spent another year. When he 
returned to America he resumed practice in 
Chicago and has built up an enviable reputa- 
tion for professional reliability. He has always 
been a student and has done his part in research 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



889 



work tbiit has led to great scientific Uiscoveries 
In uieilicinf and surgcrj-. In looking back to 
his early professional daj's lie is led to wonder 
sometimes how i^liysicians withstood the strain 
often jihiced upon their i)hy>ical endurance and 
mental demand, for there was a time wlien he 
was called uiion to make as many as sixty-nine 
visits in one day. 

On January 2S. IsSH. Dr. \enn was married 
to Miss Louise Dinet, a daughter of Joseiih 
DInet. on(,-c prominent in the manufacturing 
liusiness in Chicago. Four children were born 
to this marriage: Tlieodore H., who is in tlie 
electrical business; Charles and Henry L., both 
of whom are in the drug business, all of Chi- 
cago; and Louise, who married Paul Julinke, 
and they have one son, Paul. The comfortable 



family residence stands at No. STT Milwaukee 
avenue, where he also maintains his office. Dr. 
Venn and family belong to tlie Roman Catholic 
church. Heyond performing the duties which 
Dr. Venn feels are the re.-iponsibilities of good 
citizenship, he takes no very active part in 
political matters, his identilication being with 
tlie Democratic p.-irty. .Vfter so long and faith- 
ful performance of professional duties, during 
which he has ever upheld the standard of pro- 
fessional ethics. Dr. Venn may feel somewhat 
gratified to know that he is held In high esteem 
by other memliers of the fraternity and that 
they number him with the ablest physicians in 
a city in which medical ability has reached a 
high point. 



WILLIAM ARTHUR MURDOCK 



Indtlil.ly inscribed on the jiages of railroad 
history, is the name and memory of William 
Arthur Murdock. His modest deportment, his 
kindness of heart and true beneficence marked 
lilni a '-'enfleuian, while his strong intellect and 
louL' txiiericnce, diiected in the channels of 
.railroad business, gained him preeminence as 
one of the most etlicient men in his line of 
wt>rk ill the country. Some years have passed 
siiiiv the death of Mr. Murdock, yet his intlu- 
eme has not ceased to be a potent factor among 
those with whom he was associated. As a de- 
fender of the American flag in the great strug- 
gle for supremacy between the North and the 
South, and later as an efficient engineer in the 
service of the Chicago and Northwestern Rail- 
road, Mr. Murdock was ever true and loyal. He 
was a native of the Buckeye State, born on a 
farm in Perry County, (jhio, January 2G, 1J30, 
and was a son of John and Henrietta (Darling) 
Murdock, who were among the early pioneers of 
Illinois, in 1840 having come from Ohio and 
settle\l in La Salle County. In his boyhotxl 
AVilliam A. Murdock's attention was given to 
agricultural pursuits, he assisting his falher In 
developing the home farm. His education was 
secured in the pulilic schools of La Salle County, 
and, although the opportunity to oI)tain an 
academic education never came to him, he 
learned many valuable lessons through experi- 
ence, observation and judicious reading, and 
was a well informed man of sound and discrim- 
inating judgment. 

In early manhood Mr. .Murdock resiMindi^d to 
the call for volunteers for the Civil war and 



enlisted for a service of three months with the 
Kleveuth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, .\fter the 
expiration of his term of enlistment he reen- 
listed in the Eighty-ninth Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, with wliich he served until the close 
of the war, with a highly creditable military 
record, and was honorably discharged at the 
close of hostilities. 

In ISri.S Jlr. Murdock had commenced rail- 
road work with the Illinois Central Railroad 
and continued with that corporation until he 
went to the front in defense of his country in 
ISiJL After the war closed he again engaged 
with the Illinois Central, but in the same year, 
lS<;o, changed to the Chicago and Northwestern 
Railroad, w ith which he continued without in- 
termission until his retirement because of an 
injury t>ccasioned by a fall in 1908. He had 
been with the company for forty-three years 
and for a half century was connected with rail- 
way interests save for the Intermission caused 
by his service in the Civil war. Mr. Murdock 
was thoroughly optimistic, ever looking on the 
bright side of life, and was a friend to all and 
cherished enmity to none. He was fond of 
younu jKMjiile and delighted in their enthusiasms, 
while with old people too he enjoyed himself 
and was a hospitable host in his own home. 
This was a place he loved and his family was 
inexpressibly dear to him and no other spot 
was ouually attractive. His life was conse- 
crated to the altar of home and this consecra- 
tion hi' never r<ugot. He was a loving husl)and 
and Uin.l neighbor, at all times holding friend- 
shii, inviolate, and his friends loved and ad- 



890 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



mired liini, for his life liaa readied the Liu-hest 
standard of r.ianhond. His jiolitical alle;^iance 
was ever given to the liepulilicau party from 
the time when he cast his presidential ballot 
for Aliraham Lincoln in iSi'O. He was a valued 
member of the Brotherhood of Locomotive En- 
gineers, his membership being in Division No. 
96 for a time, and later in Division Xo. 404. 
He was also a member of the Monoken Club 
and belonged to the Metlio<list Episcopal church, 
these relations indicating the nature of his pri- 
vate activities. As a citizen he was honorable 
and true to every promise, aud his death, which 
occurred January 20, 1001>, removed from Chi- 
cago one of her most worthy citizens. 

Mr. Murdocl; was married at Clinton, Li., 
June 27, 1&S7, to Miss Letitia B. Gunn, daughter 
of James N. aud Elizabeth (Lea) Gunn. Mrs. 
Murdock received her educational training in 
the public schools of Clinton, graduating from 
the high school of that city with the class of 
1S79. Since removing to Chicago, after her 
marriage, she has been a valued member cif the 
social circles of this city and is held in high 
esteem in a number of railroad fraternities. 
Becoming interested in her husband's work and 
In the conditions existing among trainmen, she 
began studying the question and in 1SS7 became 
the founder of the beneficent order known as the 
Grand International Auxiliary of the Brother- 
hood of Locomotive Engineers, a social and 
benevolent as well as insurance society. She 
Is deeply interested in the welfare of the Grand 
International Au.xiliary to the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers, which is a product of 
her own hands and brain. In 1SS7, at a time 
when women were loathe to leave their homes 
to engage in social or other work, Jlrs. Murdock 
organized the Auxiliary for the benefit of the 
wives and widows of engineers who alone com- 
pose its membership. The object of the order 
Is to render assistance in times of trouble, create 
sociability between the families of its members 
and by aiming at high ideals to elevate the 
social standing of its jieoplo. In 1S90 she and 
her associate grand otticers planned and intro- 
duced a form of voluntary relief which was 
adopted by the members and has come to 1 e one 
of the best forms of protection for women that 
Is in existenc-e. She has been elected to suc- 
ceed herself for twenty-six consecutive years as 



Grand President of this Order, which draws its 
membership from every State in the Union, from 
Canada and Mexico. That the crowning glory 
of her life's work will be achieved she believes 
will be when the plan of pensioning the depend- 
ent orphans aud half-orphans of the members 
of this order is complete and in operation. This 
plan was presented by her to the convention of 
the order in Detroit, Mich., in lUlO for consid- 
eration, accepted and adoiited by the delegates 
at Harrisburg, Pa., in 1912 and will go into effect 
in 1915 after the convention in Cleveland, Ohio, 
when rules governing the pension fund will be 
adopted. The organization is unique inasmuch 
as it is absolutely governed by women, Mrs. 
Murdock being the highest tribunal. She pos- 
sesses superior business qualifications and is par 
excellence as presiding otiicer in the organiza- 
tions which she has founded and promoted. She 
is also one of the organizers and is first vice- 
president of the Home for the Aged and Dis- 
abled Railroad Men of America, which is lo- 
cated at Highland Park, 111. 

Mrs. Murdock was born at Elgin, 111., Feb- 
ruary 14, 1S60. Her parents were both natives 
of London, England, where they married, aud 
in 1&04 they emigrated aud located in the city 
of Nov.- York and in 1S50 moved to Elgin, 111. 
In ISGO, when Mrs. Murdock was an infant, 
they moved to Clinton, Iowa, and there the 
father entered the employ of the Chicago & 
Northwestern Railroad, with which he continued 
for twenty-seven years. He then moved to 
Crawford County, Iowa, where he purchased 
land and made that place his home until his 
death, which occurred in 1903, at the age of 
seventy-eight years. His wife survived him 
seven years, dying in 1910, also being aged 
seventy-eight years. Mr. and Mrs. Murdock had 
an adopted son, Morton A. (Lea) Murdock, a 
son of Thomas and Elizabeth Lea. He Is a 
locomotive engineer on the Chicago & North- 
western llailroad and is one of tlie company's 
most respected and trusted employes. Mrs. 
Murdock is a valued member of the West Side 
Co-educational Club; a member of the Eastern 
Star and the Auxiliary to the Columbi^m Com- 
mandery, A. F. & A. M., and also is a member 
of the Women of the Grand Army. She belongs 
to the Episcopal cliureh. 






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niSTOKICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



GEOKGE W. WITT. 



Tbe unxkTii :ij;riciilturalist is a man who 
couiiirebfiids tlio purpose of e.xistiiig agitation 
for the ln'ttoiiiifiit nf the condition of the 
farnier, and is anxions to iiromote proper legis- 
lation iooliin;: towards an amelioration of pres- 
ent aliuses. .Many of tlie most ijrogressive men 
of onr Comity are those who own and operate 
farming laiuls, and some of them have been 
called npon to brin^' their practical ideas into 
tlie condnct of pnlilic affairs. This has resulted 
In tlie securing' for numerous oflices, clean, busi- 
nesslike admliil>trati(ins and the banishment of 
any dishonesty that might have existed in the 
l)ast. One of the men whom his fellow citizens 
delight to claim as a farmer, but who has 
proven himself a man of large affairs as well, 
is the lion. W. Witt of Carrolltou, 111. Mr. 
AVitt was liorn three miles north of his present 
home, near Kane, Greene Connt.v, 111., April il, 
l.SU, n sou of Franklin and Malinda (Perry) 
Witt, natives of Tennessee and Pope County, 
111. Tranklin Witt was brought to Pope 
County, Jll., by his parents when he was a 
child, he being a son of John and Eleanor 
Witt. Later in life, he was married in this 
same county, but in 1S25, moved to what is 
now Crecuo County. Still later, he went to 
Sangamon Couut.v, but returned to Greene 
County in 1S27, and bought and operated the 
Itatten mill. Later, he built a sawmill to the 
grist-mill plant, and operated both in conjunc- 
tion. The power was furnished by .Alacoupin 
creek, and farmers came to the mill for miles 
about. Franklin Witt died here in ISol, aged 
forty-six years. While the capital of Illinois 
was still at Vandalia, Franklin ^\'itt served as 
n member of the State Assembly, and after it 
was moved to Springfield he was then elected 
to the Senate, and re-elected twice, being in 
that office at the time of his oleath, having 
bivn the successful candidate of the Demo- 
cratic party upon all these occasions. His 
bu-^jness operations netted him a handsome 
amount and when he died he owned from 1,000 
to 1,200 acres of land. His widow died in 
l'-"2, having borne him ten children, of whom 
(ic-orge W. Witt is the only survivor. 

(Jeorge W. Witt moved to his present prop- 
erty soon after the death of liis father, bring- 
ing his mother with him. He bought out the 
other heirs to his f.ither's estate, and now owns 
1,000 acres of as good land as can be found in 
Greene County, which he devotes to stock rais- 



ing and general farming. He erected a com- 
fortable, modern house and has one of the most 
desirable couiitry homes in this part of tho 
State. Like his father, an enthusiastic Demo- 
crat, Mr. Witt has been a power iu his party, 
and has been elected to some of the most im- 
portant olUces in this locality. For one term, 
he was one of the most efficient and fearless 
sheriffs the county has ever known, and served 
in the lower house in the I'orty-secoud, the 
Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth general assemblies, 
but was defeated for office when he ran a 
fourth time on account of his activity in secur- 
ing local option laws. While in the legislature, 
he served on some very important committees, 
among others the Committee on Agriculture, 
the Committee on Appropriations, the Com- 
mittee on County and Township Organization, 
the Committee on Horticulture and the Com- 
mittee on liOads and Bridges. He has served 
as a delegate to numerous conventions, as he 
is a representative man of his district. Al- 
ways interested in matters pertaining to the 
advancement of agriculture, he has been presi- 
dent of the County Fair Eoard for years. His 
efforts in behalf cf local option, although win- 
ning him the enmity of many, stand as a last- 
ing monument to his ideas of right living, and 
uprightness of purpose. 

On March 15, 1SG6, Mr. Witt was married to 
Eliza J. Moore, who died in 1S73, leaving a 
daughter, Toinette, wife of William M. Cary, 
a farmer. In June, 1S71, Mr. V.'itt was mar- 
ried to Margaret Gardner who died in 1ST9, 
leaving one sou, Fred T., a farmer. On Sep- 
tember 29, 1S80, Mr. Witt was married (third) 
to Louise A. Williams, daughter of William P. 
and Rachel Jane (Entclish) Williams of Jer- 
sey County, 111. Mr. and Mrs. Witt became the 
parents of six children now living: Kyle, who 
is a mechanic and farmer ; Alta .M., who is the 
wife of Dr. S. F. March of Carrolltou; and 
Rachel J., Adaline E., William Paxton and 
Edna L., who are at home. 

The Kane Methodist Church holds the mem- 
bership of the family, ilr. Witt is a member 
of Hugh De Paine C-ommandery, K. T., being 
Past Master of the .Masonic lodge, and was a 
representative to the Grand I-odge. He has 
also participated in several national conclaves 
of the Knights Templar. It would be difHcult 
to find a man more thoroughly imbued with a 
love of country and appreciation of the import- 



892 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDTA OP ILLINOIS. 



ance of his callini,'. His own succer^s iiroves 
his content ion lUat there is uiore money to l>e 
made in cultivatiut; the soil than aloiii; any 
other legitimate avenue, and he is proud of his 
results. His farm is one of the show places 
of his county, and serves as a model for others 
less ambitious. Haviui; brought his operations 
down to a science he is recognized authority 



upon agricultural (piestions, and his advice is 
sought by many who are trying to intelligently 
work their land, and are willing to view their 
owu activities not only from a personal stand- 
point, hut also from a broader outlook with 
reference to the effect they uuiy have upon 
the community at large. 



JASPER TUCKER DARLING. 



Jasiier Tucker Darliug, of Chicago, presi- 
dent of the I'orter Laud Company, and a vet- 
eran of the Civil war, was born at Charlton, 
Worcester County, Mass., April '22, 18-ls, a sou 
of Elisha and Tamisou (Ward) Darling, the 
former of Sason blood, his family history 
being that three brothers of his name came 
to the American colonies in the early part 
of the seventeenth century. Tamisou Ward 
was of Huguenot estniction, her first recorded 
ancestor, AVilliam Ward, coming here about 
1G20. Many of the Darling family fought in 
the Colonial, Revolutionary and subsequent 
wars, while ou the maternal side, many proved 
their patriotism by military exploits. Artemus 
Ward, a great-great-uncle, commanded the 
American forces at Cambridge, Mass., before 
the arrival of General Washington in July, 
1775, was speaker of the Massachusetts assem- 
bly in 17.Sj, and from IT'Jl to ITO.j was a mem- 
ber of Congress. 

Elisha Darling was an Abolitionist ; his 
home was one of the stations of the L'uder- 
ground Tiailroad. and bis patriotic and liberty- 
loving spirit impressed itself strongly upon 
his son, Jasper Tucker. With two of his broth- 
ers and two brothers-in-law, the lad, then only 
thirteen years old, longed to enter the service 
of his country, in ISOl, but his age forbade. 
He made several attempts, but was refused, 
until February 21, ISCO, when he was accepted 
and was assigned to Company G. Sixty-tusl 
Mas.sachusctts Volunteer Infantry, and as his 
regiment was on the firing line when he rp- 
piirtcd f'U- duty, his service was a severe one. 
Tlicy were kept close to the enemy in the 
trenches at Petersburg, and took part in the 
desperate charge on April 2, which resulted in 
the capture of Fort Mahono. Following this 
they pursued the enemy until the surrender at 
Appomattox, April 9. Mr. Darling then 
marched overland with his regiment from 
Itichmond to Washington and tixik part in the 
Grand lieviesv of May 2:i. His company with 



tive others remained on .Vrlington Heights until 
July 22, ISOO, when they returned to liead- 
ville, Mass., and were mustered out August 1. 
During his career as a soldier Mr. Darling had 
saved a little money and proceeded to invest 
it in a good education. At first he attended a 
grammar school, and then spout two years at 
Nichols Academy at Dudley, Mass. Although 
now prepared for college, he decided to learu 
a trade, and became a carpenter, developing 
later into a contractor, and as such erected 
over fifty buildings for public purposes, mostly 
in Xew England, although the Henry Grady 
Memorial Hospital at Atlanta, Ca., is one of 
them. In 1S92 he became a resident of Chi- 
cago, and since 1905 has been identified with 
the I'orter Land Company of which he is now 
l)resident, with offices in the Unity building, al- 
though the headquarters of the com[iany are 
at Chestertou, Ind. 

In 1900 Mr. Darling became a member of 
Columbia Tost, No. 70C, G. A. 11., and in 1903 
was unanimously elected commander of the 
post. At a banquet given by the post Febru- 
ary 25, 1902, he responded to the toast "The 
Flag," and bis address upou that occasion 
brought him into prominence as a public 
speaker. In an address at L'rbaua, 111., .May 
30, 190S, he spoke earnestly and forcefully 
against the spirit of false teachings that tend 
to corrupt men and lead tUeni away from the 
truth; On January 1. 1910. Mr. Darling ad- 
dressed a camp fire held in Memorial Ilall, 
Chicago, which was regarded as a masterly 
arraignment of certain abuses. At Freeport, 
May 30, 1910, be again gave voice to his senti- 
ments in powerful diction and with enthusiastic 
marshaling of his facts, pleading for the pres- 
ervation of a true patriotism in all its purity. 
At the tomb of Lincoln, on Memorial Day, 1912, 
Mr. Darling paid a beautiful triljute of praise 
to the great Emancipator, which in part is 
as follows: 

"There is no place more Mcred. where lovers 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



893 



of lilierty turn their faces or wend their way, 
than is tliis shrine around which we have 
assembled. He wlio slumbers here bore the 
Cross of Civilization to its loftiest height and 
there consecrated it with his own life's blood. 
The lessons tant'ht by Abraham Lincoln and 
the sublime example of those who sustained 
him throughout the years, will endure as lont; 
as the spirit of free i;ovornment endures. Abra- 
ham Lincoln regarded man as the noblest gift 
of an immortal creation, and his life teaches 
us that justice, integrity and mercy should 
mark his every deed. It was his resolve to 
live only in the Sunlit-zone of absolute truth; 
he al)horred the darkness and he refused to 
walk in tlic twilight of questionable things. 
His wisdom, his far-seoing vision and his great 
integrity enabled him to advance even to the 
vanguard among the world's foremost leaders. 
doing his duty as God had given him to see it. 
He took a land whose skies were dark with 
human bondage; he left a nation blessed with 
liberty and peace. With all his masterly 
strength he grasped the' flag as it was falling 
prone, and i^owerlcss upon the ground. He 
-azcd uiwn it; he saw its stars growing dim, 
iis stripes tattered, its blue field torn. He saw 
vi'n'..'1-fui hands rending it in twain. He un- 
fuil.'<i il; ho held it la-^t; be lifted it toward 
till' ^ky. Only ilarkness mot his ga/e. He 
stirtihid his strong arms higher, holding it 
far above. It pierced the cloud.s. He saw them 
part. He beheld a burst of sunshine; then 
a traitor's blow, and his brave eyes closed for- 
c\or. lUit on high and \^-ritten all over its 
iiiiinoital folds, Justice dipping her pen in his 
oul|ioiiring blood, wrote in letters that will 
never fade. Liberty, Lincoln. The very life of 
this republic rests upon the virtues of Aliraham 
Lincoln's deeds. His works are as the founda- 
tion rock upon which this structure of Ameri- 
can liberty stands. If patriotism sleeps, or 
stands idly by, while that rock is being as- 
sailed, theu another age will cry out in anguish 
even as did the prophet to apostate Israel, 
'Look unto the rook whence ye are hewn.' To 
yon, men and women of America, to you I 
appeal: Go forth and teach true American 
patriotism, the patriotism of Washington and 
the fathers, the patriotism of Lincoln, of Gra7it, 
of Thomas, of Logan, and of the legions who 
fought that liberty might live and that Old 
Glory might remain in the sky. As we go to 
our respective ho7nes lot us resolve anew that 
those who suffered and those who made the 



sacritice shall not have suffered and sacriticed 
iu vain. And of those who perished, and ot 
those who have gone hence, let us out of full 
hearts continue to sing our anthems to their 
undying praise: 

(i-o to tlieir graves, O, Colunil'ia fair- 
Go to tlifir graves and scatter tliere 
Sweet llow'rets of a thousand hues— 
Flow'rets that blo'im in the matin dews; 
.Scatter them— scatter tliem deep — 
Scatter them o'er where heroes sleep. 

Go forth where the far-flung prairies lie- 
Where 'neatli the blue of a bending sky, 
Bricht roses lieam, and beckon atid sa.v — 
Take of our bounties this bcaut'ous day; 

Scatter them— scatter them deep; 

Scatt<n- tliem o'tr where heroes sleep. 



the 



s where the laurel grows— 
vinds sigh— where the tempest 



Whore soft wi 

blows, 
Gather the choicest gifts of God 
That spring from the rich and rugged s 
Scatter them — scatter them deep — 
Scatter them o'er where heroes slcei 

Go to the tomb where the chieftain li. 
Where carved in rock of heroic days 
A story is told — of vict'ries won — 
Honors achieved- of duties well done. 



Then softly appro 
Where the stone 

known" — 
"Unknown"— unkii 
Ho knoweth wliu 



loh that spot pressed down 
lies low, the name "rn- 



the sight of God: 
beneath the sod. 



'Twas a mother's boy— a brave loving lad. 
Who knew no glory save his nation's good ; 
Eartli's iKisom holds him in sacred emiirace. 
Nor time, nor storms shall his glory efface. 
Entwine 'round the tomb and the lowly grave 
Blossoms of beauty for the true and brave; 
Scatter them— scatter them deep — 
Soatter them' o'er where heroes sleep. 

•■In closim; let us look forward with that 
opo which, as it has been said, 'springs eter- 
inl in the lium.in lireast.' A third of a ceu- 
iiry lii'n'o, when the last lingering survivor 
hall have crossed to the other side, if :;rati- 
n.le spraks. she will say: all honor to our 
v'ati.'n'^ soldier (load- A half century honce. 



894 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



when the wealth and iuflueute of this repub- 
lic shall have climbed hi^'her and stlil hishor, 
U truth speaks, she will say: 

ThLj never could have been 

Had uot Abraham Lincoln stood 

Firm as a rock while the battles raged — 

While the blood of iiatriots 

Poured out like falling rain. 

"A century hence, when the deathless deeds 
of our Nation's defenders shall be fully recog- 
nized — when the glory of this government shall 
have reached its highest tide — then, if integrity 
speaks, slie will say : 

This heritage was secured 
Through atoning blood 
Where freedom's pennon flew — 
Where bayonets flashed — 
Where batteries roared — ■ 
Where the earth's torn bosom. 
Crimsoned in martyr's blood. 
Closed over the silent forms 
Of Liberty's dead. 

"A thousand jxars hence, when a higher 
civilization shall have come — when God's hand 
shall bo even more manifest, guiding this his 
cliosen people — may we not believe that a 
Nation-wide patriotism will then speak and 
say : . . 

Had it not been 

For the heroism of those who wore the blue 

In the great struggle between right and 

wrong — 
Had they not rallied and stood 
Like walls of living tire 
Around the Stars and Stripes — 
Then, in those mighty days, 
Sovereign law would have lieen blotted out. 
And constitutional liberty would have perished 
And faded away like a dream of things that 



Like a dv 



lost in the vortex of time fn 



".\s long as nations live and reiniblics en- 
dure, true patriotism will pay homage at this 
tomb. 

Abraham Lincoln! Immortal name. 

That fairest stands among tlie sons of fame. 

"The storms of centuries may svveep an 1 
«urge around this memorial — this altar of pa- 



triotic love; the ravages of time may success- 
fully assail these towering facades; but the 
virtue of his deeds will endure as long as bea- 
con fires burn, making bright the portals of 
this republic redeemed iu a martyr's blood and 
dedicated to better days. These figures, typi- 
fying service and sacrilice; these statues repre- 
senting heroism and patriotism, all these may 
perish and fall, but so long as pulses throb to 
unseltisU deeds, so long as the incense of truth 
burns on loyal hearthstones, the record of those 
who rallied at Abraham Lincoln's call — who 
defied the furies of rebellion, who saluted death 
iu the name of liberty and humanity, their 
record will endure, ever growing brighter and 
brighter, even as a lifted constellation in the 
heaven of man's noblest memory, making clear 
the path up which all peoples of the earth shall 
come in (iod's appointed time." 

Mr. L)arliug is a life memluT of the Worces- 
ter County (.Mass.) Commandery of Knights 
Templar, and also of the Massachusetts Con- 
sistory of Ancient and Accepted Scottish Kite 
Masons, as well as of all the intermediate 
Masonic bodies. He is also a member of "The 
Lincoln Fellowship" of Xew York, and an hon- 
orary member of the "University Alliance In- 
ternational Congress of Arts and Science," with 
olHces at New York. In consideration of his 
public services, and his efforts in teaching the 
true iiatriotism, Coe College of Cedar Kapids. 
Iowa, on June 11, 1013, conferred upon .Mr. 
Darling the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

In 1S70, Jlr. Darling married Miss Sarah 
Winchester of Worcester, Mass. She was a 
most estimable and devoted wife and mother, 
rearing a splendid family of one son and five 
daughters, five of whom are now living, the 
youngest daughter, Grace, having died iu 1912 
at the age of twenty-seven years. Two of the 
daughters and the son are married. There are 
four grandchildren. Mrs. Darling died in 1000. 
In 1010, Mr. Darling married (second) Mrs. 
Sarah Kutberino Ilarwood of Decatur, 111., the 
wid'iw uf Kilburu Ilarwood. .Mrs. Darling is a 
woman of marked intellectual power, and of 
rare executive ability. While living at Deca- 
tur, her former home, Mrs. Darling was identi- 
fied with much philanthro[iie and charitable 
work. For Several years she was |iresident of 
the Macon County Hospital board. In the or- 
-aiiizatlon known as th<' Woman's llelief 



sh. 



f..r 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOP.-.UIA OF ILLINOIS. 



895 



Republican State Committee of TUinols, she 
held tlie ofiice of president. Siie was one of 
the prime niovei's in organizing the SXacou 
County Illinois Soldier Monument .\ssociatlon. 
To carry out that most praiseworthy work, she 
secured a charter and was made treasurer and 



solicitor. Success crowned her untiring ef- 
fort;, and an ini[wsing monument occupies a 
cousficuous place in Central Park, Decatur. 
Mrs. l>iriiug is in full sympathy aud accord 
with tJ;c- literary and patriotic work of her 
hasbaud. 



^VLEXAXDER FRANZ JOSEPH TETZE. 



The artistic temperament begets splendid 
work which is destined to live when it is directed 
by trained faculties and eultur&i taste. Those 
who iHissess talents along artistic lines h.i-se, 
csi>ecially during late years, found expression 
for them in designing and furnishing decora- 
tions for residences and business houses which 
not only afford pleasure to the eye but servo as 
lasting educational factors in the dcveiopmeut 
of the public. Those who are rearing stately 
structures for various purposes recoguize the 
Importance of these decorative artists and en- 
gage those whom they feel certain will give to 
their buildings the necessary beautifying touches. 
Such men are not easy to find, for the demau.ls 
of the day require that a decorator must not 
only be an artist but that he must also rie a 
master of his business in a practical way. Ho 
Muist allow for the ravages of time and a city's 
(•l^lUd^^l atmosphere, take Into consideration the 
cn'ect of artihcial lighting, and the contrasts 
between the decorations and the brilliantly 
dressed throngs which are likely to crowd the 
rooms he is handling. Such a man was the 
late Alexander Franz Josepli Tetze of Chicago, 
who was admittedly one of tlie leading decor;>.- 
tors of this section. 

Alexander Franz Joseph Tetze was born at 
Vienna, Austria, May 15, lsG.3, a son of Alex- 
ander and Frances (Malone) Tetze, natives of 
Germany. The father belonged to the old Von 
Tetze family, originally very strong in Euroix-an 
affairs, but the "von" was dropped when the 
name was transferred to American shores. The 
name Alexander has been in the family for over 
300 years, always being given to the eldest son. 
The educational training of Mr. Tetze was ob- 
tained at private art schools of his native land, 
his parents wisely developing their son's un- 
doubted talents, for he was undoubtedly born 
an artist. In 18S0 he came to the United States, 
and located on HumboKlt boulevaixl, Chicago. 
He associated himself with the P.nmswick-Halke 
Company as desiiiner. continuing with that con- 
cern until he went with Keitum F.ros. Manu- 
facturing Company, becoming one-third owner 



cf it, and being the company's designer. In 
1!X)'2 Mr.» Tetze organized the firm of Tetze & 
jMuileu, manufaeturers of fixtures, aud in I'M-i 
h..» went into a partnership with ^V. D. Plamou- 
dun riuder the n.ime of Plamondou & Tetze, in- 
terior dei.'.:ruL;)rs, and continued this association 
until his death, October 1, 1!)14. This firm was 
recognized as being one of the best in the coun- 
try, aud among other contracts executed by it 
were the following : The decorations for the 
BUickstone hotel, the Louis XVI room iu the 
Anne.x., the Klue room iu the Stratford hotel, 
much of the work for Mar.shall Field & Co., 
Stillson't; new restaurant on Madison street, aud 
the Weeghman restaurants, as well as some of 
the most beautiful and costly apartment houses 
in the city. Jlr. Tetze possessed remarkable 
artistic ability and untiring zeal aud enthusiasm. 
Tie was ever striving to create something better 
than he had hitherto produced, and when cii- 
gaged iu his work he lost all consideration for 
anything el.se, many tiuies sacrificing fiuaucial 
gain iu order to briug about the effects he de- 
sired. Ills work received the highest praise 
from those who are competent to pass upou 
such artistic results, and he admittedly raised 
the standard aud iufluenced others to emulate 
his example. It will be dilKcult to fill his place 
iu the artistie world, and in his death Chicai.'o 
has lost (iue whose life was siteut in an endeavor 
to make more beautiful the world and educate 
the masses to an appreciation of the artistic 
possibilities surrounding them. At the time of 
his death he had just completed decorating to 
his satisfaction his beautiful south side resi- 
dence. 

On August iS. 1!X)0, Mr. Tetze married Mi.-s 
I.illi in .\xe of Montana, a daugliter of Nathaniel 
and Sophia (White) Axe, natives of I'eun,syl- 
vania. .Mr. .Vxe went to California, from his 
native state, in lS4tt, but later located at Dillon, 
near P.utte. Mont., where he became ]u-ouu- 
nently idcntilii'd with large mining interests. 
-Mr. and Mrs. Tetze became the parents of one 
son. namely, .Vlexander Francis, who promises 
to develop nnich of his father's artistic ability. 



896 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 0^' ILLINOIS. 



Mr. Tctze was a mau of jiluasiiig iieisouality, 
and uulil;e many of his piofossiou, was imuiaeu- 
late in dress. A tborouf,'U geutleiuau in tlie 
higbest sense of the word, bo lived u\\ to his 
convictions and never permitted au.vtUinL; of o 



gross nature to aiiproarli bim. Ke was a mem- 
l-er of the r^outh Shore, Chicago Atliletic and 
Germania clubs, aud iu tbcm was greatly appre- 
ciated. 



FREDERICK AUGUST LELTSMAN. 



Medical science has so progressed that ad- 
vances are made iu it almost hourly. Speciali/-- 
ing observation on disease has worked marvel- 
ous changes in methods of treatment ; tireless 
theoretic experiments have proven the truth of 
contentions, and only after results have been 
demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt, are dis- 
coveries given to the public. In the work of the 
past quarter of a century are to bo noticed such 
practical advances as the de\elopment of bac- 
teriology, the partially succ-essful eftorts to wipe 
out tuberculosis, bubonic i)higue. cholera, diph- 
theria, typhoid, spinal meningitis, and similar 
maladies. This marvelous progress has not corae 
naturally, but is the oulc-ome of the tirele.-s, 
aggressive and self-sacrificing work of the men 
who have devoted themselves to the profession 
of medicine. One of the men whoso name will 
ever be associated with this most honored of 
all callings is Dr. Frederick August Leusman, 
whose untimely demi.se cut short a useful career, 
and deprived Chicago of one of its eminent men. 
Dr. Leusman was born at J'.reslau, Silesia, Ger- 
many, Jlarch 12, 1S53, a son of Baroness von 
Steinwehr Leusman and nephew of Baron 
Adolpli Wilhelm von Steinwehr. a general who 
conmianded a division of the Union .Vi'niy dur- 
ing the Civil war, also jiublished a series of 
geographies, map and gaz.-tfeer of tlie Iiiited 
States, his death occurring at Buff alii. New 
York, February 2.j, 1S77. Dr. Leusman was 
graduated from the university of his native 
city in 187(3 with the degrei- of B. A. lie being 
the eldest son, it was the intention of his 
parents to educate him for Forestry so as to 
fit him for the management of their estate, as 
is the Kuropean custom; but he had a great 
desire to study medicine, and after serving in 
the German army ho, upon the death of his 
mother, came to the United States in 1^77. when 
a young man of twent.v-four years, settling at 
Chicago which continued liis home until his 
death August 3. 1013. After locating at Cliiftigo 
he bought a drug store and took a course In 
pharmacy in the Chicago School of Pharmacy, 
and later entered the College of Physicians and 



Surgeons, eoujp!etiug his course hi that institu- 
tion in 1S89. i'ollovving tbis he became con- 
nected 'vith the faculty of his alma mater, 
special ir.ing in genito-uraiary diseases, retaining 
r.hat chair imtil within two years of his death. 
/lis practice v,as -ary large, for he was ad- 
mittedly one of the autnonl'es not only on his 
one specialty, but upon almost all matters per- 
taining to his profession, while bis research 
work wii! continue to be of lasting benefit to 
generations to come. Becoming a Fellow of the 
Academy oH JleUiciiie. he contributed many very 
valuable articles for technical magazines. For 
several jears he was attending surgeon at the 
German Au;erican Ilospiial and professor of 
genito-urinary surgery at the .Tenner Medical 
College. Dr. Leusman founded the Chicago 
Hospital College of Medicine and was its dean 
and professor of surgery. As but natural, he 
belonged to the Chicago Medical Association, the 
Illinois Medical Association, the American Jled- 
ical and Scieutiflc Association and the Irilogical 
Society. He was a Kriger-Verieu, having 
gained this title through service in the Germau 
army. For years he was deeply interested in 
the work of the American Geograiihical So- 
ciety, rud was a man whose activities were 
spread over many subjects, and whose capabili- 
ties apjieared to be equal to alnmst any demand 
made upon them. 

On April 25, 18S2. Dr. Leusman was ni.-irried 
to Mis-; Emily Wild of I,<m(b>n. Kn-land, a 
daughter of Benjamin and Kmma (Towein 
AVild, natives of Germany and Wal.',<. Mr. 
Wild was a jeweler in business at Lond..n for 
fifty-five years. Mrs. Wild dying, the husband 
came to Chicago to join his daughter in ]s;i7, 
and lived at Chicago until his doatli in 1!H)4. 
One of the lovable characteristics of I>r. Leus- 
man was his quiet, undemonstrative philan- 
thropy. Not only did he cheerfully resiiond to 
countless calls made upon him from those whose 
circumstances were such that any adequate 
reimbursement was imiio^sihle, Imt wlien be 
found want in a home he returned, lo.-ided with 
baskets of food and clothing. In his life and 







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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 897 

ipinj; out of those scouri,'f.s 



work Dr. Leusuian [jroved the truth of the .say- 
ing "the medical profession is a divine or.e, for 
It not only c-ures, hut saves," and he took pride 
In the fact that sa much of his effort could he 



directed tovvnrds 
which in the j.ast had wiiwd out whole com- 
munities, and laid waste the work of years. 



RICHAKD S. THOMPSON. 



As an eii.inciit attorney, disUu;,niibhed states- 
man. huiKircd veteran of tlie Civil war, and a 
man of unswerving honesty of imrpose and un- 
hlenilslied moral character, the late Richard S. 
Thc'uiiHon ranketl among the leadiua men of 
• •lil<a;:o. He was horn at Cajio May Court 
lloiix'. Cape May County, N. .T., December 27, 
l,s:tT. a son of Ricliard and Elizabeth (Holmes) 
Thonipson. 

Ulchard Thoiiipson, father of Colonel Thon-.p- 
.'^oii, was horn at Fishing Creels, Cape May 
Cmnily, N. .T., December 3, 1795, and died Sep- 
leiiilier L'T, 1S.J7, at the homestead, t.'ape May 
Court House, X. J. His wife, whom he niar- 
lietl February ir>, 1S23, was born at Cape May 
Court House. X. J.. February S. ISOO, and died 
there January l"., 1S44. He was a member ol" 
the Ceneral Assembly of Xew Jersey, and also 
if till' Council of Xew Jersey, while his busines.s 
lonnectloiis were with shipping interests, as he 
V as a lar^-e ship ouiier. 

l;l.!i.a-d S. Thomps.iii. wlien only thirteen 
\. ir- <i|.l, .altered the Xorristown Academy, I'a., 
iiiid Hum tiiat time until he volunteered iu the 
MTvbe .ii his couutry during the Civil war. he 
pursued tile life of a student, being graduated 
fiiiin the law department of Harvard College in 
IS';i, and admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 
the spring of 1SC.2. For about one year, he was 
a member of Captain Biddle's Artillery Com- 
j.any of rhiladelphia, but in August. 1SG2, in 
twelve days, he enlisted a full company from 
Cinnberland County, X. J., and with it joined 
the Twelfth Xew Jersey Volunteer Infantry, at 
AVoodbury, as Company K. of which he was 
made captain. In September, 1S02, while this 
regiment was stationed at Ellicotfs Mills, Md., 
Captain Thompson was apiwinted a.ssistant pro- 
vost marshal, under General AVood, and on Feb- 
niary 10, ISGo, after the regiment had joined 
the Army of the rotoraac on the Rappahannock 
above Falmouth, Captain Thompson was ap- 
jiolnted judge advocate of a division court mar- 
tial. He was promoted to tlie rank of major of 
the regiment, on Februarj- 2.j, 1S04, and to that 
of lieutenant-colonel, on July 2. ISOi. Colonel 
Thompson partici]iated in tlie fullowing engagi»- 
ments: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Falling 



Srater, Auburn Mills. Hristow Station, Black- 
buvri's Ford, UobiiKsLin's Tavern, Mine l!un, Deej. 
Lictloui. Xorth liank of James Kiver and lieams 
Station. In the last named battle, ou August 
2-j, l.Stj4, he v.-as twice v.-ounded, once iu the 
hand, and later in the side, from which he did 
not rec.ivcr until in .May, im;."!. 

Ou the morning of July ::, l^'"-': at Gettysburg, 
he was plac.-J in comiii.imi of the charge ou the 
Bliss barn made by Companies A, C, D, F and K 
of the IVelfth Xew Jersey Volunteer Infantry. 
They captured tiie barn, took a number of Con- 
federate prisoners, and laid the position until 
several batteries of rlie Conreib-rate artillery 
were concentraird .'..n tlie liaiii. but iu the end, 
the Union iorces took their pri.^^oiiers and re- 
turned to their m.iin line. On June 11. Isill, 
he was placed in command of a lU-ovLsional bat- 
talion at Alexandria, ^'a., with which he re- 
ported to (Jeneral Butler at Ilermuda Hundreds. 
On June 2i:, isi^t. he rejoined his own regiment. 
f)ii .\ugust I'll. 1m;4, Colonel Tliom[i.son was made 
officer of the day by Gener.il Hancock, on the 
north bank of the James Kiver, where he was 
left in command of the corps, pickets and skir- 
mishers during the withdrawal of the troops to 
the south side of the river. For his services on 
this occasion, he received an autograph letter 
from General Hancock, complimenting him for 
the manner in which he preformed the duty as- 
signed him. During December, ISOl. while still 
on crutches. Colonel Thompson was appointed 
president of a general court martial at Fhila- 
deliihia for the trial of ollicers. on which service 
he continued until he tendered his resignation 
on the ground, that being unlit for active duty, 
he felt that those who were iu the fiehl perform- 
ing his duties were entitled to promotion. On 
February 17, lN*!ri. he was honorably discharged 
by reason of wounds re<--eived in battle. He oom- 
niande<l his regiment for a long time with tlie 
rank of lai-tain. and also with the ranks of 
major and lieutonant-coloncl. 

On Juno 7. Isti.-,. he marrii'd .Miss Catherine 
C. Scovel. a dau^'hler of the Kev. Alden and 
Elizabeth Barhor ( Ilntohius,,,!) Sc(»vel. Kev. 
Al(b-u Scovi'l was born at Peru. P.erksliire 
County, .Mass., April 4, IN.)], and died July n;, 



89S 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



]S>SO, at Chica?o. Ilis marria^'e was solemnized 
September 2", 1S27, his wife liaving been boru 
at Princeton, N. J., June 0, ISOS, and died at 
Chicago, November 5, 1S02. 

In October, after their marriage, Colonel and 
Mrs. Tlionipson located at Chicago aud there 
be entered upon the practice of his profession, 
tlius continuing until he retired in 1012. In 
ISOO, be was appointed corporation counsel of 
the village of Hyde Park, then a suburb of Chi- 
cago, and now a part of the city, holding that 
ofTice until 1S7D, when he was appointed counsel 
of the South Park Coniuiissioners, and thus 
continued until ISSO. In 1ST2, as Republican 
candidate, be was elected a member of the 
Illinois Senate for four years, and as senator 



of the Second District of Illinois he became well 
known throughout the state as an able parlia- 
mentarian, and on several occasions the press 
throughout the commonwealth declared him as 
able a one as had ever occuiiicd a seat in the 
Illinois Legislature. 

Colonel Thompson was a member of the Illi- 
nois Conimaudcry of the MiliUiry Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States, the Western 
Society of the Army of the Potomac, the Union 
League Club, the Kenwood Club, the Chicago 
Bar Association, and ranked among the leading 
members of the Chicago bar. St. Paul's Epis- 
copal Church held his membership. He died at 
his home No. 5400 East End Avenue, Ghicago, 
Wednesday, June o, 1014. 



SAMUEL A. TOL]MAN. 



Samuel A. Tohnan. who is the executive head 
of one of the largest and most successful cor- 
porations doing business in the wholesale gro- 
cery trade of Chicago, being president of John 
A. Tolman and Company, wholesale grocers, 
Chicago, is one of the alert and enterprising 
men, who, during the last half century, have so 
utilized the opportunities offered here for busi- 
ness preferment that the fame of Chicago has 
been oxiended to the uttermost parts of the 
civilized world. Nothing so builds up a country 
or section as its commerce and the directing 
forces are those men wliose marvelous foresight 
see the opportunities which their courage ena- 
bles them to seize. As the nicti'opolis of the 
great Middle We.<t, this city stands preeminent 
in many lines, a main one being the wholesale 
mercantile business. 

Samuel A. Tolman was boru at Camden, Me., 
February 5, IS"."), and is a son of Daniel and 
Mary (Achorn) Tolman. In the public schools 
of his native village and at Thomastou, Me., 
Mr. Tolman had e<lucationaI advantages, and 
when he left home to enter a business field, in 
1S52, he cliose a position in a wholesale grocery 
house in Uoston. From there, in 1S.j7, he came 
to Chicago and here established himself in the 
grocery business, in which he continued tnitil 
ISCo, in which year, under the firm style of 
Tolman and Pinkham, he embarketl in the whole- 
sale drug business. In ISOiJ the firm name be- 
came Tolman, Crosby and Citmpany, and later, 
Toluian and King, the latter style continuing 
until February, 18S2, when Mr. Tolman sold his 
interests to John .\. King. Two years later, in 
18-S4, Mr. Tolman again became interested in , 



his former line and In ISSu became rtce-presi- 
dent of the John A. Tolman Company, whole- 
sale grocers, which name was retained until 
Samuel A. Tolman became president of the com- 
jiany, in liXtG, when the name became John A. 
Tolman and Company. 

At Boston, Mass., on August 10, ISGO, Mr. 
Tolman was married to Miss Bessie A. Roberts, 
a member of an exclusive family of that city, 
and they have one daughter, Grace A., who be- 
came the wife of John A. Davidson. Among the 
many beautiful homes and spacious residences 
on Prairie Avenue, Chicago, is that of Mr. and 
.Mrs. Tolman. 

For fifty-seven years Mr. Tolman has been 
actively identified with the business interests 
of Chicago, and in addition to the large enter- 
prise of which he is the head and front, he 
is a director of the Davidson Brothers Marble 
Company and is also on the directing board of 
the Great Northern Hotel Company. A Repub- 
lican in politics, he has supported Its policies 
from principle and not for personal advance- 
ment, for he has never been willing to enter the 
political arena. To advance the general wel- 
fare of his city he has ever felt to be a responsi- 
bility incumbent on good citizenshi|i and he has 
been foremost in encouraging movements prom- 
ising to be beneficial to all rather than a fa- 
vortxi few. Like many men of large affairs he is 
fpiiet and uno.stcntatious iu manner but genial 
and companionable with those admitted to the 
inner circle of aciiuaintauce and friendship. 
In times of business stress he is often consulted 
for he is known to be a man of unusual sagacity 
aud clearness of commercial foresight. 






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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



899 



It may be said that biography is history of 
tLe jmrest type, and to possess a history is what 
distinguishes man from the lower creatures 
about him. From age to age they possess the 
same appearance, unclianging in their instincts 
and habits, except in so far as they have been 
moditied by contact with man, and therefore 
the history of one generation of irrational ani- 
mals is the history of every other. Hut in the 
human rac-e there is progressive change which 
It is the part of bistory to both record and 
accelerate and the duty of the living to per- 
petuate in biographical form for the coming 
generations. In this connection it is a pleasant 
task to slsetch the career of the late Edward 
Ancel Kimball, who, although he lias now passed 
beyojid, lias left his impress upon the com- 
munity in wbieh be so long lived and labored, 
and his memory deeply graven on the hearts 
of those who knew him. Mr. Kimball was a 
native of the Empire State, born in the city of 
Buffalo, Xew York, August 2Tth, ISio, and was 
a son of Lovel and Elvira (St. John) Kimliall. 
He was a direct descendant of Gov. William 
Bradford, of Massachusetts, and Elder Wil- 
liam r.rcwster, both of whom arrived in America 
on the Maii/lQircr in 1020. His lineage is also 
traced back directly to Richard Kimball, who 
arrived in America in IGSJ:, and to Matthias 
St. John, who landed in this country in ICol, 
and the ancestral record, as given below, is to 
be found in the Newberry Library, Chicago. 

From Governor Bradford, the line is traced 
down through his son. Major William Bradford, 
to Uaunah Bradford, who became the wife of 
Joshua Ripley. Their son, Joshua Ripley, Jr., 
was the father of William Ripley, who married 
Lydia Brewster. From her the ancestry is 
traced back to William Brewster and comes 
down in successive generations through Lovel, 
Wrestling, Jonathan and James Brewster to 
Lydia Brewster, who, as stated, was the wife 
of William Itipley, and they became the parents 
of Salinda Ripley. 

In the St. John ancestry, the founder was 
Matthias St. John, who lauded in America in 
1031. The direct ancestors of Mr. Kimball In 
the second, third and fourth generations w(Te 
also named Matthias ; then came Luke, Ezra, 
HoUey and Solomon St. John. The last named 
wedded Mary Magdalena von Beekman (in Ger- 
man "von Bcitnian") and among their children 
was Elvira St. John, who became the mother of 



EDWiVRD ANCEL KEMBALL 

dw 



d A. Kimball. The Kimball ancestry had 
its beginning in .Vmerica with Richard Kimball, 
who landed from the ship Elirabcth in 1CS4. 
The line c<imes down through Benjamin, Rich- 
ard. Job, -Eliphalet and Eliphalet Kimball II, 
who on April 4, 1790, married Salinda Ripley. 
Their sou, Lovel Kimball, wedded Elvira St. 
John and they became the parents of Edward 
Ancel Kimball, whose name heads this review. 
Among the above mentioned ancestors were a 
number of people of unusual gifts, notably 
Lydia Brewster, whose intellectuality and social 
qualities made her name prominent even at a 
time when women were more or less restricted 
in the expression of their talents. Therefore 
to tho.se who believe in heredity, it does not 
seem strange that brilliancy, which was a no- 
ticeable quality in Mr. Kimball's mentality, 
should have been the fruitage of a line of gifted 
progenitors. 

Edward Aucel Kimliall receivfd his early ed- 
ucational training in the public schools of his 
native city and later attended the Massachu- 
setts Mct.aphysical College, from whicli he re- 
ceived the degree of C. S. D. Entering into 
active connection with the lumber trade, he was 
thus lirst associated with business interests and 
later turned his attention to the manufacture 
of paving cement and roofing materials. For 
twenty years he was connected with this busi- 
ess, whicli was lirst conducted under the name 
of Barrett A: Arnold, later becoming Barrett, 
Arnold & Kimball, and finally Barrett & Kim- 
ball. From Is;iO up to the time of his passing, 
August 13, IDO'J, he devoted himself exclusively 
to the study and practice of Christian Soience, 
during which time he was first reader of the 
First Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, and 
also teacher .•ind lecturur on the subject. In the 
latter connection he was one of the ablest and 
best known men in the country and thus gained 
a wide acr|uaintance, winning friends among 
many of the prominent men of America. 

On May s, IsTIi, Mr. Kimball married Miss 
Kate ]iavi(ls,,ii. a daughter of Daniel and Sarah 
i;. (Congdon) Davidson, and to this union were 
born two children: Wallace Davidson, who 
married -Miss Julia Van Rensselaer L;ine, and 
has one ciiiid—Madeline; and Edna, who was 
married May 24, 1013. to Henry Ileileman Wait, 
and has one child— Edward Kimball. .Mr. Kim- 
ball occiipi.'d ;i prominent position in tlic regard 
of those who knew him by reason of the en- 



900 



HISTORICAL E.XCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



teriirlse, iirou'ii'ssiveuess aud reliaLiility which 
bo had ilisplayed iu his business affairs, and 
because of his uueiiuivocal loyalty to any uiove- 
nieut or proji'i-t which he l>elieved to be ri^'lit. 
They felt tbat his investi.u'atious of Christian 
Science were most tliorou^'h, and by his lo.sical 
aud iiersiiasive utterances won to the cause a 
large following. A constant student of the great 



Questions of the day, he found pleasure also in 
literature, art and tr.ivel, as well as in con- 
genial companionship, although the place dear- 
est to his heart was his home. When he passed 
beyond he left here a wide circle of friends, who 
had been drawn to him by his njany excellences 
of Uiind and licart, and iu whose memory he will 
always live. 



HARRY SKEELES. 



I'.usiness reliability has marked the entire 
business career of Harry Skeeles, who is presi- 
dent of ."^keeles Brothers Company, undertakers, 
conducting livery and boarding stables at Xos. 
512T-20 South State street, Chicago. Mr. 
Skeeles is widely known in business circles in 
Chicago, of which city he has been a resident 
for thirty-nine years, and has the distinction of 
being tile oldest living undertaker here iu point 
of continuous years in the business. 

Harry Skeeles was born at St. Ives, Hunting- 
donshire, England, ilarch lo, ISSo, aud is a sou 
of William and Elizabeth (See) Skeeles. The 
parents were English born. In 1SG9, when 
Harry was sixteen years of age, the family inj- 
migrated to tlio United States and iu that year 
located at Momence. 111. In 1S70 they removed 
to a farm near Jlonee, iu Will County, 111., aud 
still later tlicy went to Indiana and the father 
engaged In farming for some years near Good- 
land. When prepared to retire from active life 
lie purchased a comfortable residence at Hem- 
iugton, Ind., which continued his home during 
the rest of life to within a few weeks, his death 
occurring while on a visit to his son in Chicago. 
He was a man of sturdy character, houest and 
dependable, a fine exainiile of English indus- 
trial stability. William Skeeles was thrice mar- 
ried, first to a Miss Hopkins, second to .Miss 
Elizabeth See. and third to Maria rrcuum. 
Hy his tir^t marriage he became the father of 
two children, Thomas and William ; by his sec- 
ond marriage, of two more children, Thomas 1!. 
and Hari'v, tlie third marriage being witliont 
issue. -Ml three niarriages were solemnized in 
England, and the two rirst wives died there, but 
the third wife survived liiin in America fur 
many years. 

Harry Skeeles was two years old when his 
mother died. He remained at home with his 
father and attended the public school and was 
so forward in his studies that he was graduated 
from tlie Woodhni-st High school liefnre accom- 



panying the family to the United States. After- 
ward he assisted his father on tlie farm and 
probably would have made a very creditable 
agriculturist had he not decided to seek a future 
in the city of Chicago, to which he came in the 
spring of ]S7."i. Soon after reaching this city 
he went into partnership with his brother, 
Thomas P.. Skeeles, in a livery business, witii 
quarters at Fiftieth street and Wabash avenue, 
where they conducted a livery aud sales stable- 
for two years, later adding undertaking and 
continued until 1802, when their establish men t 
was destroyed by fire. In the same year they 
resumed business, purchasing the present site 
on South State street, upon which tliey erected 
a fine three-story brick building with stone front, 
fioxKJl feet, and the business has since been eon- 
ducted at tills place. Thomas li. Skeeles died 
in August, 1007, and Harry Skeeles purchased 
his brother's interests from the heirs, continuing 
to carry on the business under the old name 
until February, 1!)13, when it was incorporated 
and became Skeeles Brothers Company, of which 
Harry Skeeles is president, and his son, George 
\V. Skeeles is secretary. They do a general un- 
dertaking, livery and boarding stable business 
and are classed with the most reliable firms in 
their line in the city. 

Mr. Skeeles was married at Goodland, Ind., 
iu 1.S70, to Miss Harriet Sharp, and to this 
union four children were born; i:tlicl, wbo is 
now deceased; George W., wlio is associated 
with his father; Myrtle ('., who is the wife of 
.losciih Xiielle. of Watertown. X, V.; and 
Th imas. who is deceased. The motlier of these 



i-liildreii dieil in ISSi;. Ii 
ried .Miss Fannie L. .M.n 
have lieen born to this ui 
For more than a quai 



Mr. Skeeles mar- 
ml two daughters 
rene V. aud Alice. 
f a century Mr. 
Skeeles has been a member of the JIasonic fra- 
ternity and he belongs also to the Sons of SL 
George. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



901 



CASSIUS CLAY ROGERS. 



The ideal 



lysieian 



rho brings Into 



tlio sick room a clieerfiil presenre, uplifting tbe 
patient from tlie slouL'li of despair, so that in 
tliis manner lie cures quite as miii'li as lie duos 
liy administering medicines. The modern pliy- 
sician under.stands and recognizes the value of 
a strung personality, as well as the achieve 
ments in all the branches of the t.rofessioa that 
are commanding the admiration of modern 
civilization. Many of these discoveries have 
grown out of the fact that the man of science 
hclieves in giving much of himself as well as of 
the contents of his medical case. All the load- 
ing instructors teach that unless the physician 
Is in harmony with the patieiit he cannot hope 
for best results. These ideas as well as count- 
less others are the outcome of years, even cen- 
turies of study, and are freely accepted by the 
men who advocate iirogress in thit: most Jm- 
jiortant of all the learned professions. One 
of the physicians of Chicago, whose name 3? 
as.sociated with much that is important in his 
profession, is Dr. Cassius Clay Rogers. lie was 
horn at Minonk, 111., July IT, t^iV. a son oi 
Alma and Johannah (Kerrick) Kogers. Aftor 
utionding the >ohi)ols of his native place, the lad 
call r.-d \al|Mraiso (Indiana) Tnivevsity, trotn 
whl.h he was graduated with the degree of P.. 
S. in IstiO, and in ISOl the further degree of 
A. IJ. was given him, while in 1907, he received 
the honorary degree of A. M. from this same 
institution. Having comiileted his classical 
course, he taught school two years, the first year 
as assistant principal of the high school at 
Liberty, ilo., and the second year as principal 
of Grecly school of Streator, 111. lie then de- 
cided upon entering the medical profession and 
matriculated at Rush Medical College of Chi- 
cago, from which he was graduated in ISOO, 
with the degree of M. D. Soon thereafter, he 
estal)lished himself in a general practice, but 
gradually came to devote himself to the spe- 
cial branch in which he was interested, and 
for the past ten years has confined himself to 
surgical and diagaostic work, in which he has 
become an expert. From ISOS to 1900, l>r. 
Rogers was assistant surgeon at the Chicago 
Clinical school. He is now surgeon to the 
Frances Willard, Evangelical Deaconess and 
West Suburban hospitals. From >nor, to 1014 
he was professor and head of the depart- 
ment of surgery in the Chicago College of Medi- 
cine and Surgery. From 1001 to IHOS he was 



professor and head of the department of physi- 
cal diatrnosis in the Chicago College of r>ontal 
SuTLMTv, \n t)ie summer of 1007 Dr. Rogers 
went ,abroad, n-id again in I'.Krt), 1010 and 1013, 
pursiiing further studies at Vienna, London and 
Paris, wherf- he- visited many of the principal 
n-.edical schools and hospitals. Formerly a niem- 
licr of tl;c hnsiiital corps of the Second Regi- 
nvjut of lUinois National Guards, he was ap- 
poir^loil a first lieutenant of the United States 
Army Medical Reserve Corps, in February, 1911. 
In addition !o his .servii-es in other directions. 
Dr. Itoge'.-: has contributed some valuable pa- 
pers to medical science, being the author of a 
number of uiouograiihs and valuable articles 
on surgery. In 100!). Dr. Itogers represented 
the Chicago .Medical Society as a delegate to 
the Sixteenth International Jledical Congress 
at Rudapi'st, Hungary ; and attended the Seven- 
teentb International .Medical Congress held at 
r,ondou, Lnghnid, in 1913. Dr. Rogers" special 
study has been along the linos of the surgery 
of the brain and spina; cord, to which subjects 
he has devoted much time in clinics both in 
tliis country and abroad. He was a member of 
the council of the Chicago Medical Society for 
four years, also belongs to the American Med- 
ical Ass(K-iation, the Illinois State, Chicago 
Surgical, the Tri-State, Fox River and North 
Central Illinois Medical societies, and the Mis- 
sissippi A'alley Jledical Sociot.v. In politics he 
is .1 Republican. Ilis religious home is in the 
Methodist cliiircli. of which he is a consistent 
mendxT. Fraternally he belongs to the Ma- 
sonic order, inn ing pa^^sed through the Chapter 
and Council, and is a 'I'hirt.v-second degree Jla- 
son and a sluincr, while he is also a meml>er 
of tlie Knights of I'ytliias. Dr. Rogers belongs 
to tlie Aliilia KaiM'a Kappa, a college fraternity, 
is a relb.w of the .\nierican College of Sur- 
geons, is a member of the I'laygoers Club of 
Chicago, the .\ss<xi.ition of Commerce, in which 
he is serving on the Committee on Drainage and 
Sanitary Kirniciuy, the Art Institute, the T. M. 
C. A., Hamilton Club, the Chicago Automobile 
Clul). .\lli:in<,. Fraucaise, and the South Shore 
Country Cluli. 

On .Vpril 17. lOOl, Dr. Rogers was married at 
Chicago to Miss Rcna P.. Richards, and they 
roi.le at No. :;-J|(i Washington boulevard. A 
man ..f the highest ideals. Dr. Rogers has al- 
ways lived up to them, and set a standard of 
excellence diliiinlf of attainment. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



JOHN R. PORTER. 



No man can die without leaviii- a mark upou 
his time and eouimuuity, whether y;ood or evil. 
.Some tliere are who f;o tlirouL,'li life jraiuiiii; 
prestige with every change, rounding out their 
period of u-sefulness with dignity and capability. 
While their position in the history of the coun- 
try may not have been an imposing one, 
yet their memory is enduring because of the 
acknowledged good that they accomplished. The 
record of such a life cannot be effaced, for its 
influences are tremendous. The city of liock- 
ford has a number of these impressive records 
of man's accomplishments, from which has 
grown the city's present proi»ortions, for no 
community can be greater than its citizens. A 
man who jilayed well his part in the drama of 
life, never shirking a duty assigned him, or 
trying to avoid a responsibility, was the late 
John R. Porter. Mr. I'orter was born at Ful- 
ton, Muskingum Count.v, Ohio, iii Iboo, and died 
at Itockford, 111., October 2S, isn.j, after many 
years of successful endeavor liere as a druggist. 

Early in life Mr. Porter removed to Zancs- 
ville, Ohio, where he entered into the drug 
business with W. A. Graham. The latter was 
connected later on in life with extensive bank- 
ing interests at Zanesville, Ohio. In 1S39 Mr. 
Porter came west to Rockford, 111., where he 
established the large drug store now conducted 
by his son, Ilosmer C, who succeeded him at 
his death. Coming to the city at the time he 
did Mr. Porter was able to take advantage 
of the opiwrtunities offered by any growing 
place, and dcveloi>ed them sanely, always main- 
taining a golden mean in his operalioiis. Pos- 
sessing as he did the essential (jualities that go 
so far towards the makeup of a successful busi- 
ness man, he achieved prosperity, and died a 
wealthy man. It was obvious that such a man 
would take an active part in municipal affairs, 
although he did not desire public preferment, 



for he was a family man in its truest sense. 
All his life he was adequate to any contingency, 
and was held in the highest esteem by all who 
knew him. 

In October, IbOl, Mr. Porter married Lucretia 
y. Ilosmer, daughter of Stephen R. and Lucy 
A. (.Spicer) Ilosmer, natives of New York and 
Ohio, resi>ectivel.v. Mrs. I'orter was born in 
Muskingum County, Ohio, but was married at 
Zanesville. She and Mr. Porter became the 
parents of the following children : Charles II., 
of Chicago; Ilosmer C, of Rockford; Lucy May, 
deceased; William, of Walla Walla, Wash., and 
Frances, wife' of Lewis JL Sands, of Arizona, 
issue, Lewis .M. and John 1". Charles H. mar- 
ried a Miss Earle, of Rho.le Island, and they 
have tliree children. Ilosmer C. married Mar- 
garet P.utterworth, and they have three sons 
and two daughters. Mr. I'orter was a Knight 
Templar, having passed thro\igh the Blue Lodge, 
Royal Arch and Chapter. The Congregational 
church held his membership and he did not 
fail to carry out its teachings in liis everyday 
life. He was a successful business man, a 
brave fighter for civic improvements, a citizen 
whose life was shaped by the sentiment of local 
pride and actuated by motives of pure patriot- 
ism. Mr. Porter took a doeii interest in every 
movement for the betterment of his community. 
His charm of manner was acknowledged, his in- 
tegrity inflexible, his capacity for winning 
friends and keeping them boundless. The pass- 
ing away of such men as Mr. Porter is a heavy 
blow to those whose privilege it is to be in in- 
timate association with them, l>ut his family 
have had the consolation that bo did not live 
in vain, and that without his useful, helpful 
life the world would be just that much the 
wor.se, while those wiiom he so ably assisted in 
every way would have been doubly deprived of 
much that made existence worth while. 



I\[ICHAEL TIOFF^EAN. 



Self-made men are to be fuund in every 
country but nowhere have they developed as in 
tlie United States for the opiKirtunities here 
afforded are so much better that one who pos- 
sesses energy, ambition and thrift can rise far 
above his beginnings and take a place among 
the successful of earth. In the career of the 
late Michael Hoffman tliis was clearly demon- 
strated and his record jiroves that a man need 



not depart friim tlie strict jirinciples laid down 
in the Golden Rule to achieve the rewards of 
this world. A man of towering ambition, he 
never allowed his desire for success to cloud 
his appreciation of the rights of others and as 
a result he made and retained the warm per- 
sonal friendship of many and the enmity of but 
few. .Mr. Hoffman was born at Thalexweiler, 
West Prussia, Germany, about twenty miles 



mm^'^'^i mmmi^^'^ ' W^ 



- 






■— ^-ra 



M. 



'i^«>^i?M.y^^«Mii^te^;<^iii^m^s^^ii&^ 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



903 



from the frontier, Itetemliei- 12, 1S12, and Iv.xC 
the misrortiiue to lose his futlier wlieii still a 
child. What educational advantage.s he had 
were secured in his iiati\e land whicli he left 
in May, 1S33, and on .Tuly 'Jl of that same year 
he landed in New York City, haviii- made the 
trip in a sailing vessel which necessitated sev- 
eral months on the voyage. For some four 
years he remained at New York City working 
In various wtwlen mills, and then in is:\~ he 
started for Chicago which had just been incor- 
jiorated as a city. Where he could, he traveled 
on tlie Erie Canal, but made the greater portiou 
of tlie long trip on foot, and was the only one 
of the party of twelve who set out for Chicago 
who i>ersevered long enough to reach his des- 
tination. Perhaps this trip is typical of his 
course In life. He succeeded because he did not 
give up, but went steadily ahead toward a de- 
sired goal no matter what the obstacles. His 
journey was broken by a short stay at Detroit, 
Mich., and another at LaSalle, III., but in No- 
vember, 1S37, he reached Chicago and immediate- 
ly secured employment on the Illinois and 
Michigan canal which was then in process of 
construction. With the cold weather, however, 
work was discontinued uix)n tlie canal, but ^^r. 
Hoffman found other work, peddling water 
whicli he hauled from the corner of Lake and 
State streets. On May 1, 1840, he entered the 
employ of William E. Ogden and was received 
at the latter's house as a boarder. .Vlthoiigh 
he left Mr. Ogden's employ in November, 1S44, 
the friendship thus formed was not discontinued 
until death separated the two, and Mr. Hoffman 
always looked up to and admired the older 
man. As soon as he had sufhcient money. Mi-. 
Hoffman began investing in realty, and in 18-14 
embarked in a general teaming businesss, and in 
1850 established a gardening business. The lat- 
ter venture proved very profitable and he con- 
tinued in it until ISTO. As time went on he 
continued his investments in real estate and his 
judgment was justified as his property in- 
creased so in value as to make him a man of 
considerable means. Among other purchases 
he had bought a large tract of land between' 
State and Dearborn streets near what is no^v 
Goethe street, and had also invested in i>roperty 
ou Chic-ago avenue, and in some wooded land 
on the outskirts of the city. He sold his Chi- 
cago avenue property just prior to the fire of 
1S71. During that terrible conflagration, seven 
of his houses were burned and he suffered 
heavy losses, but he held his other pieces of 



Lintinuod to increase in value 
e was recouped for his other 



property win 
so that in ti 
losses. 

In NoveUiber, ls4l, .Mr. Hoffman was married 
to Miss .Marie Kchternacht, born in ISIU, a 
descendant of the best type of the German 
aristocracy. In 1840 slie was broui;ht to Chi- 
cago by her parents. Mr. and Mrs. IloH'maii liad 
eight children of whom two survi>e: ,lohn V., 
who is a retired couunission merchant of Chi- 
cago; and .ALirgaretha, tlie widow of the late 
Dr. Frederick Kolir of Chicago. Mr. Hoffman 
was a resident of Cliicago for more than half 
a century, liguriug prominently in the business 
interests of the city. I'ul.lic-spirited and char- 
itable he always studied and fostered move- 
ments whicli aim to improve tlie public weal. 
He ranked with the best citizens of his adopted 
city and when he was removed from It by 
death, .'^eiitemlier :,, ISDI, Chicago lost one of its 
best and most useful men. Mr. Hoffman was 
one of the original members of the Old Settlers 
Club which was organized at Chicago in 1S47. 
He was one of the etirly members of the German 
Catholic Church of Chicago, being first con- 
nected with St. .Mary's parish, and later for 
many years was a member of St. .Toseph's par- 
ish, and always lived in close sympathy with 
the noble teachings of his faith. He contributed 
generously to the supiKjrt of his church, assist- 
ing in erecting the original building in the first 
parish, and was active in all the benevolent 
and charitjible work of the churcli, Kemember- 
iug his own early struggles, he was ever willing 
to lend a helping hand to others, and many have 
just cause to be grateful to him. In every sense 
he was a lovable, kind-hearted Christian gentle- 
man, and should each jierson to whom his chari- 
ties were extended jilaee but one rose upon his 
grave he would .slcej) amid a pyrainid of flowers. 
Mrs. Margaretha I!ohr, daughter of Jlichael 
Hoffman, and widow of Dr. Frederick Rohr, 
was born at Chicago November 0, lSo9, and 
was educated in the public schools of this city. 
On May 2.j, isso, siie married Dr. Frederick 
Uohr who was born at Kenosha, Wis., August 
'jr,, iv.-,S, a son of Nicholas and Marie Rohr. 
Dr. Hcbr was educated in the public schools 
of Kenosha, the training school of Watertown 
and liennett Medic-al College of Chicago from 
which he was graduated in 1SS2 with the degree 
of M. D. Subseriuently he was graduated from 
Itush .Medical College, and then spent two years 
abroad studying at Vienna and Heidelberg 
under some of the most distinguished physlcian.s 



904 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



and surtreous of tliose cities. T'i)on his return 
to ChicM^o lie lic;:an an active practice which 
terminated with his death, January 27, 1011. 
Dr. Kohr t»elonged to the Wiscon.vin .Societj- 
and the Germania Club. Dr. and .Mrs. Itohr 
became the parents of tire children : Frederielv 
W'., who was ),'i-aduated from the Chicaso Latin 
School in 1!J07, tlie I'niversity of Chicai;o in 
1012, and the RnsU Medical Collew in 1014, 
with a decree of M. P. ; .Vdele, who in -Ma.v, 1012, 
became the wife of William U. Elden. western 
acent for the Lidserwood Manufacturius Co. 
of Chicago; Herbert .T., who is a student in the 
Lane Technical School of Clnc:ii,',,; nnd (Jeorgo 
and Otto who are deceased. 

In the death of Dr. Kohr, Cliicauo was bereft 



of a valuable citizen, a skilled and conscientious 
l)hysician and surgeon and one who was a friend 
to every worthy enterprise. While some years 
have elapsed since the demise of Dr. Rohr, his 
influence has not ceased to be a ftotent factor 
among those with whom he associated. His 
labors for many years were a tangible element 
in the medical profession of Chicago, and have 
left their impression upon the history of his 
wjuntry. Mrs. Kohr still maintains her home 
at Chicago, and is well-known in the social 
circles here. She takes an active part in 
charitable work and is an e.\emplary woman 
of refined tastes, and her friends are as 
numerous as her acquaintances and entertain 
for her the warmest regard. 



BENJAMIN F. RUBEL. 



lu order to make successful such large busi- 
ness enterprises as rule the commercial world, 
there must be men of great ability, keen com- 
mercial sense and unlimited industry, first to 
be found, later to foster and subseQuently to 
bring to completed imixirtance tliese same con- 
.cerns. Among such men stood the late Benja- 
min F. Rubel, who was identilied for years 
with some of the leading business concerns of 
Chicago, was likewise connected with social 
and religious bodies and was deeply interested 
in various charities. Benjamin F. Rubel was 
born September 17, 1860, at Chicago, and died 
at his home. No. 4337 Grand Boulevard, in the 
same city April IS, 1S13. He was a son of 
Isaac and Frances (Strauss) Rubel, who came 
to Chicago in 1S50. The surviving brothers 
and .sisters are: Maurice. Isadore. Harry, Mrs. 
Kmma (Kul)el) Block, and .Mrs. Clara (Kubcl) 
Kaufmanu. 

During the boyhood of Benj.uiiin r. Itubel tlie 
family lived on the West Side, CTiicago, and 
he was mainly educated at the Marquette pub- 
lic school. He entered into business soon after 
leaving school, with the firm of Isaac Rubel 
& Son, his -father being the senior member of 
this firm, and remained until 1S07, in these 
years learnir.g .ill about the manufacture of 



steam fittings. His tastes, however, lay in an- 
other direction and after leaving his father'.s 
works he entered into partner.ship with Giacomo 
.VUegretti, organizing the Rubel and Allegrettl 
Company, wholesale and retail dealers and 
manufacturers of candy. When this firm was 
finally dissolved, Mr. Rubel took over the retail 
Imsiness interests and continued in this line 
until his death, becoming widely known as a 
manufacturer and dealer in fine confectionery. 
He had additional business responsiliilities and 
interests and was sole owner of the Fleisch- 
nian Floral Company, which he had entirely 
controlled for twelve years. 

Mr. Rubel was a member of tlie Chicago Sinai 
Congregation. He was probably one of the 
most conscientiously charitable men in the city, 
giving generously wherewr need was brought 
to his notice and was one of the phiianthropists 
who assumed heavy responsibilities in regard 
to the Chicago Helu-ew Institute, the Dc Borah 
Boys' Club and the Miriam Girls' Club. He 
enjoyed social relaxation and was a valued 
member of the Illinois Athletic and the Stand- 
ard clubs. Aftsr an illness of but one week. 
Mr. Kubel passed away dying from an attack 
of pneumonia. He was laid to rest in Rose 
Hill Cemetery. Mr. Ruliel was unmarried. 



ALEXANDER HUGH FERGUSON. 

The men who have devoted their lives to the noted for their skill, kindness and great gea- 

onerous but niost worthy profession of medicine ero.s-ity. Among the distinguished physicians 

and surgery should receive the homage of all. and surgeons whose career graced the historj- 

The great body <if physicians and surgeons of of the medical [irofession of this city was the 

Chicago is largely represented by men who are late Dr. Ale.tander Hugh Ferguson. He was 



ti'M\'"-- \- 






'^^i^ \ 



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I 



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J ' 



/ 



Willi iM'^^^-"'''^-'™" 



,^iS.iiita.^«fi>^ 



^.J^^V^^^t 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



905 



a native of Ontiirio, Canaila. Ixjrii February 27, 
iSoo, and was a son of Alexamler and Annio 
(McFadyen) Ferj:ruson. both natives or Arjiyle- 
shire, Sfuthind. Dr. Ferjiiisou received his lit- 
erary education in tbe lioikwood Academy and 
the Manitolia CoUoj^e of his native country. He 
began teachin- scliool at an early a?e, follow- 
ing thi.s vo<ati(>n some years, and later was in- 
structor in the Manitoba College. He subse- 
quently entered tlie medical department of Trin- 
ity T'niversity of Toronto, Canada, from wliich 
institution he was graduated in ISSl, with thy 
degree of -M. 1'-. and later in the same year re- 
ceived the degrees of M. D. and C. M. froui 
the same institution and abso earned by coni- 
I>otitive examination a Fellowship degiee. Dur- 
ing this year he visited a number of the noted 
American hospitals and in ISS'J lie visited those 
of London. Edinburgh, Glasgow and Berlin, tak- 
ing a course at KocU's laboratory in tbe lattei- 
place. In 1S81, Dr. Ferguson began tbe practice 
of his chosen profession at Buffalo, X. T., but. 
after a short stay at that place ho returned to 
Winnipeg, Manitoba, where ho resumed the prac- 
tice of medicine and continued in practice at 
that city until July, 1S04. He took an active 
part and was in^^trumental in founding the .Man- 
itoba Medical College, in wiiicli, for three years, 
he was professor of physiology and histolugy, 
and professor of surgery from 1S.^(J to 1S04. lie 
was a member of the general staff of the Win- 
nil>eg General Hospital, surgeon-in-cliief of the 
St. Boniface Hospital and cliief oijcrator at the 
Brandon and Mordon hospitals ot Manitoba. He 
was the first president of the Manitoba branch 
of the British Medical Association, and was a 
member of the rrovineial Board of Health. In 
December, 1893, he was elected professor of 
surgery in the Chicago I'ost-Graduate Medical 
School and Hospital. He also served as sur- 
geon to the Chicago Post-Graduate Hospital and 
to the Click County Hospital for the Insane. 
In 1900 he became professor of clinical surgery 
in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, the 
medical department of the University of Illi- 
nois. He was surgeou-in-cbief to the Chicago 
Hospital for ten years and was consulting sur- 
geon to the Cook County Hospital and to tbe 
Mary Thompson Hospital. He was appointed 
First Lieutenant of the United States Medical 
Reserve Corps in 1911, and filled the position 
with distinction and honor. During his m my 
years in practice he devised many imporlant 
operations which arc ackuowledgid evorywiicre 
by surgeons and whiLh gave him au interna- 



tional reputation in medical circles. In 1900 
he was decorated by the late King Carlos of 
Portugal, Con;iiuinder of the Order of Christ 
for his exceiii-ncy in surgery. He received a 
higli and gre;itly deserved honor in 1910 by 
being eiecled to f./e presidency of the Chicago 
Jfedical Society, ;;n office In the medical world 
second only in importance to the presidency of 
the .^nif-ricau .Mvdical Association. He was a 
member of the Bi'itisb Medical .\ssociation, the 
International Surgical Aasociation, the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, the American Surgical 
Association, the Illinois State Medical Society, 
the Chicago <;.vui'.'oiogii-al Society, the Chicago 
Suryiea! S(i;ieiy, fellow of the Chicago Academy 
of .Medicine and the American A.ssociation of 
Obstetricians and Gynecologists, also e.x-presi- 
dent of tbe Tri-State Medical Association and 
the Western SurLjical and Gynecological Asso- 
ciation, fellow of the Southern Surgical and 
Cynccological .-Vssc-iiation, and member of the 
Mis-issipiu \'a!ley Medical Association, honorary 
nienilier -Miiliigan State Medical Association, 
Wayne County Medical Society and Jlichigan 
Tract .Meilical Association. Outside of the 
purely professional field he was a member of 
the leading literary and social clubs in Chicago, 
Including the University Clnli, the Press Club, 
the South Shore Country Club, etc. Dr. Fergu- 
son was a ujember of the Presbyterian church, 
and n thirty-second degree Mason, and had the 
n-iieit of all who knew him. He stood high in 
bis priifessiiiii as a physician and surgeon and 
liad njany friends. 

I)!-. I'VrmiMin was married in 1SS2 to Miss 
Sarah Jane Thomas of Nassagaweya, Canada, 
and to this union two sons were born, I\an 
llavelock and .Vlexander Donald. Dr. Ferguson 
was devoted to his profession in which he 
achieved many honors by his industry, liis un- 
limited energy, his con.scientious work, his i>cr- 
severence and his unwavering courage. He was 
public spirited and charitable and always found 
time in his busy professional career for study- 
in- and fosterin- movements which aimed to 
improve the public weal. His death which oc- 
curred October 20, 1911, from septicaemia, due 
to lilood i^ii^oninu' contracted while performing 
an oi'cration at St. Luke's Hospital during the 
sunnnrr ut 1911, removed from Chicago one of 
it^ m..-t eminent and skilled surgeons. His 
bciHMiIeni >■ was unostentatious and genuine and 
tli.'ie i- nothinu' in the .story of his life to show- 
that he cM'r fur a mou:ent sought to compass 
a L-ivcu end fur the puriiose of exalting himself. 



906 



HISTORICiUj ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



He cbauipiiineil measures and aided the suffer- 
ins and accepted as his reward that tlirill of 
delight which always acoouipanies victories 
achieved. It is but Just to say of him as a 
professional man that he ranked with the ablest; 
as a citizen be was honorable. proni|it and true 
to every engagement; as a nian be enjoyed the 
esteem of all creeds and political proclivities; 
as a husband and father he was a model worthy 
of all imitation. lie was unassuming in his 
manner, sincere in his friendship, steadfast and 
unswerving in bis loyalty to the right. Through- 
out bis career of useful professional life bis 
duties were performed with the greatest emo 
and scientific accuracy. He spoke kindly o.*" his 
friends and neighbors and professional col- 
leagues and was always quick to see and api>re- 
ciate the good in others. He was never too busy 
to be courteous and cordial and yet he never 
allowed anything to interfere with the ca-eful 
and honoral)le conduct of bis profession. Mis 
life, in short, in its various phases was well 
balanced and made him highly esteemed in all 
those circles where true worth is received as the 
passport into good society. 

His two sons, Ivan Havelock and Alexander 
Donald, are worthy descendants of a distin- 
^ruished father. The former and eldest son, Ivan 
Havelock, was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
July 14, 1S84, moving to Chicago with bis par- 
ents when ten years of age. His early literary 
training was obtained in the pulilic schooln and 



later in the University bigli school of Chicago, 
from which he was graduated, t^ubseuuently he 
attended the University of Illinois, ami later 
entered the medical department of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago, in which he was a student until 
lOOiJ, when lie was compelled to aUiudon his 
studies on account of ill health. !<inee the death 
of bis father in 11)11, lie lias devoted his time 
to the management of his fatlier's estate. lie is 
a member of the Delta Upsilou fraternity and 
of the Colonial Club of Chicago. Following in 
the professional footsteps of his father, is 
Alexander Donald Ferguson, the younger son, 
who is also a native of Winnipeg, Canada, and 
born April 10, ISSG. He received his education 
in the Michigan Military Academy, at Orchard 
Lake, Mich. In 1007-OS he was manager of the 
Chicago Hospital under bis father and in 
September of the latter year he entered the 
College of rhysicians and Surgeons, University 
of Illinois, and was graduated from this insti- 
tution in 1912 with the degree of M. D. In 
December of the same year he began the practice 
of bis profession with offices at No. 32 North 
State street, where he has since continued with 
success. Dr. Ferguson was married in Chicago, 
September 25, 1912, the lady of his choice being 
Miss Dorothy Williams of Chicago. He is a 
member of Phi Rbo Sigma and Delta Alpha 
Kpsilou fraternities and of the Colonial Club of 
Chicago. 



NILES THEODORE QUALES. 



The broad field of medical senice, profound 
research, useful teachings, skillful surgery, main- 
tenance of public health, as well as the manifold 
duties ]icrtaining to a general practice, all com- 
bine to make of the physician and surgeon a 
man of broad ideas and consummate ability. 
In order to take up his i)rofession at all, the 
medical man must first be well grounded in the 
ordinary courses, and then follow years of in- 
dividual effort Ixith as to jiractice and theory 
before be can at length take bis place in the 
long line of men who )u-c-s i.iiward tii\Naiils 
the goal of distinction. All do imt rcaili it, for 
many fall out, but those who liei.'oiiie known in 
general practice -or along special lines have to 
keep abreast with others of the same mind and 
bent, not resting until the desired end is gained. 
The history of the Chicago medical profession 
shows many instances of merit rewarded, and 
ability recognized, and in few cases more so 



than in that of Niles Theodore Quales, one of 
the eminent physicians of this city. 

Niles Theodore Quales was born at Hardan- 
ger, Norway, Januaiy 17, 1S31, and died at Chi- 
cago, III., May 23, 1914. He was a son of 
Targiles J. and Gurine (Tioflet) Quales, most 
excellent poojile to whom he owed his early 
educational training in private schools. Later 
he attended the Agricultural Institute of Hard- 
anger, from which be was graduated in ls.51. 
Still later be entered the Hoyal Veterinary Col- 
lege at Copenhagen and was graduated there- 
from in ISuO, following which he held a govern- 
ment position until 1859. In that year he re- 
signed his position to emigrate to the United 
States, and upon landing in this country came 
direct to Chicago. Upon his arrival here he 
obtained employment at a railroad ofTice until 
bis enlistment in August, ISr.l, for service 
in defense of his adopted country, as a member 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



907 



of Compauy B, First Illinois ArtiUory, thus 
contiiiuiiij,' uutil IM-J, when he was; iilaceil on 
(lutacheil duty at General Sherman's HeaJnuar- 
ters, heinu; put in i harge ot the veterinary 
hospital at Nasliville. He was alsn an assistant 
at the [lost hospital, and so continued until his 
term of service expired. During' this period of 
usefulness ho beiran studyin- lucdieine and later 
matriculated in Itusli Medical CoHe^'e, Cliicairo, 
from which he was graduated with his degree 
In ISGO. Soon thereafter he became house 
jihysiciyn and sur;.:eon of the Cook County 
Hospital, thus continuing until ISC", when he 
estalilished himself In a general practice, in 
whidi he reaped many returns. For some 
years he was connected with the North Side 
Free Dispensary and was made city physi- 
cian in 18GS. Later he was physician to 
the Scandinavian Immigrant Aid Society, and 
from 1S70 to l.'^VT, he was surgeon to the 
United States Marine Hospital. Dr. Quales was 
the j>rime mover in establishing the Norwegian 
Tabitha Hospital and was head physician of the 
same and a member of its board of trustees. He 
belon-ed to the Chicago Medical society, the Hli- 
nols State Medical society, the Scandinavian 
>redical society, which ho has served as presi- 
dent, and the American .Medical Association. A 
religious man, he was one of the founders of the 
AVicker Tark Evaut'elical Lutheran Church, and 



tlie Lutlioran Deaconess's Hospital, of which he 
had been attending pliysician since 1004. In 
addition he was one of the founders and later 
the president of the Norwegian Old People's 
Home S(]cu>ty, and a member of the board of 
liircetars of tile CliNagn Fvangelical Lutheran 
Seminary at Mayun„(l, III. On Ajirll 1, 1010, 
Dr. gualcs received the Order of "St. Olaf 
from Haalion VII, King of Norway. 

Dr. Quales resided at No. 1051 Fowler street, 
where he maintained his olljce, and although he 
hud long jiassed the span allotted mankind, he 
ciiiii iiiueil in active |,r.ii|iee. a numlier of his old 
jiatients clinging to him and relying upon his 
skill. 

In rs70 Dr. Quales was united in marriage 
with Miss Carrie Lowson, and they became the 
parents of three diildren; Iver L., Martha, and 
Nellie TiUth. 

Ever since he received his degree Dr. Quales 
devoted himself, his time, energy and life to the 
preservation of putilic health and the alleviation 
of human ills. His had been no easy task, nor 
had it always been remunerated as was befitting 
his high standing and undoubted great work, 
and yet he cheerfully accepted the disadvan- 
tages, made the countless sacrifices asked of 
him, and felt compensated by his realization 
tliat his life had not been lived in vain. 



TRAXCIS LANGE. 



The Rev. Francis Lange, pastor of St. Josa- 
Iihat I'olish Koman Catholic Church of Cliii ago, 
is one of the scholarly, able and conscientious 
priests of this cit^, whose influence over his 
people has been gained through earnest work 
and a thorough comprehension of their needs. 
Strangers in an unknown city, these foreign- 
born people need the comforting advice and 
kindly care of their priests much more than 
those who understand every phase of cosmo- 
politan life. Thus it is that those of the clergy 
who are assigned to parishes such as the one 
mentioned above have difficult tasks before 
tbcin, but none fail, for they are men of unusual 
ability and dignified capability who know how 
to reach their people and hold their confidence. 
Father Lange was born in German Poland, We-t 
Prussia, December 13, IS.jT. His preliminary 
education was received in the village schools of 
Doiuatowo, while he attended the gjmnasium 
for his classical courses, in the city of Neustadt. 
On November 1, 1SS4, he landed in New York 



City, and soon thereafter began the study of 
]ihllosoiihy at St. Francis seminary, Milwau- 
kee, Wis. In iss'i, lie entered St. Mary's semi- 
nary at P.altimore for his theological studies, 
and in ISSS was ordained to the priesthood at 
Chicago, liy the late Archbishop Fechan in the 
Cathedral of the Holy Name. On September 28 
of the same year he became assistant jiriest of 
the church of St. .Alary of Perpetual Help of 
Chicago, remaining there for ten useful months. 
On Seiitemlier 1-), IssO, he was apiKiinted pas- 
tor of St. .Tosapliat's parish, now an irremovable 
reitcrship. Father Lange built the present 
churrh ediii< e. a fireproof structure costing ?140,- 
IHMi. 'J'he parish n(p'.v comiirises over 1,000 fami- 
lies. „r a tntal (,f ',.CmK) souls. The excellent 
sehoiil. condurteil in conjunction with the 
church, is under the supervision ■of fourteen 
sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth, and 
there are 0-10 pupils enrolled. The societies con- 
iiei-ted with tli(^ church number seventeen and 
the .Sodality of St. Joseph has ninety members. 



908 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



all of whom have the iiiUiie of Joseph. The 
men's Teuiiierauce Sudiility has 400 inemhers, 
while the LaUies' Sodality has S3.j memlieis. 
Thf Vouiic; Ladies' Sodality has 4riO uienibers. 
Till' iiarish was organized in Slay, INM, and on 
Jlay H, I'.MHi, tliey celebrated the twenty-fifth 
anulveis.uy, when tlie Uightltev. I'aul I'. lihode 
irantiticated. In ]!»i;{ Father Lan.^'e erected a 
new St. Josapliat hall schot)l building at a cost 
of $7:.',000, which in addition to the old scliool 
will accommodate 3S0 extra impils, and tlie liali 
will scat f;00 people. 

The present St. Josapliat elmrcti editice is 
the first absolutely fireproof structure built in 
Illinois for religious purposes. Father Lange 



is assisted by two priests in lUs worlc, but he is 
the center about whou' ali revolves. A man 
fitted liy long (raining, r-.vperience and natural 
inclination for his ivorlv, be has aciiieved won- 
ders in his parish, ?nd not only has l)rought 
a!>out many material iiiiprovcnjcnls, but has 
awalicued and kept nUve a steady (lame of en- 
thusiastic intererC, iiuii iirida on tlie [lart of his 
people. He has taught Uier;: to tal<e their re- 
ligion into thea- everyday life and make others 
better l)ecause of it. The influence of such a 
u;an and those he teaches is unlimited and must 
always work our f-.r tbe bettenneut of hu- 
manity. 



LEMAX D, DOTi^ 



. In every great industrial organization there 
are uien holding re.sponsible iwsitions who a'e 
constantly placed before the public and given 
the bulk of the credit for whatever success is 
attained. Behind these men, however, are the 
men who actually do the work. We hear but 
little of these men, but in reality they deserve 
a large share of this credit. Leman D. Doty 
was one of these men who, for years, held an 
important position with the Illinois Steel Com- 
pany of Chicago, and who assisted in founding 
and building up the city of Gary, Indiana, and 
the huge industry carried on there. 

Lenian D. Doty was born in DansvilU-, X. Y., 
October 3, 1,S40. lie was a son of GcNirge and 
Emma (Uottom) Doty, natives of tlie state of 
New York, where tlie father was a mercliant dur- 
ing his early life. Later, the family moved to 
Amboy, 111., where Leman D. Doty spent his 
boyhood, from the time he was ten years old un- 
til he entered business life. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of Amboy, and, de- 
ciding to become a telegraph operator, learned 
telegraphy and was made operator for the Illi- 
nois Central Railroad at Scales Mound, 111., 
where he remained for si.v years. During this 
period, by hard study and the improvement of 
his time, he learned l)ool;keeping, which enabled 
him to accept a position as accountant for the 
Champion Furnace Company at Champion. Mich. 
His association with tliis firm was terminated 
by the destruction of the plant by fire in 1874, 
following which he went to Lshpeming, Mich., 
to accept a position as acc<nintant in Austin's 
Market House, a birge wholesale and retail es- 
tablishment, lie reuiained with this firm for 
three years, when he was offered a i")siticpn a.s 



boolikeeiier for W'^stlake & Bronson, Cry-goods 
merchant.^, in Manjnette, Mich. In ISSO Mr. 
Doty leturned to Isiipeming where he entered 
the otlices of the Cleveland Iron & Mining Com- 
pany a.s general accountant, remaining there 
until l.S-SO, when iie came to Chicago and entered 
what was destined to be his life work, the steel 
industry, and became an official of the Illinois 
Steel Company liy being apl)Ointed distributing 
agent. Within two years he was promoted to 
purchasing agent, which position lie held until 
his retirement in I'JIO. His death took place 
.May 24, l!a4. 

On September 0, IST::, Mr. Duty married Miss 
Harriet L. Harvey of Mt. Clemens, Mich., daugh- 
ter of Noah and Lydia (Colo) Harvey, natives of 
the stale of New York. Mr. Doty is survived by 
his wile and four children : Lenian E., who Is 
assistant .•iuiierinteiident of tlie coke plant of 
the Illinois Steel Comiiany, at Gary, Ind. ; Eva 
L., who is the wife of IJev. S. S. Thompson, now 
in the rbilippine Islands; Harriet M., who is 
the wife of F. B. AVirt, an architect of Chicago ; 
and George II., who is in the real estate business 
in Chicago. 

During his long association with the Illinois 
Steel Company, Mr. Doty became closely identi- 
fied witli its poli'ics, kiicw personally all of those 
oflirials whose niimes will be linked in history 
with tlie steel industry, and was most highly 
ajipreciated and esteemed by them. As an indi- 
cation of the high regard in which he w.is held 
by his fellow directors and associates in the 
Illinois Steel Company, they preseiite<l to the 
family, .after liis death, a beautiful memorial 
volume bound in leather. As a further token of 
re.-peit, the offices, of which lie formerly had 



?■> ^- -; '3S2?..T^^^^s^-' ^?v 






\' % 



■^^ 




■.-,c<^ 



IIISTOmCAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLIXOI^^. 



909 



were olof^ed on the 
i-ry urticlal of the eui: 



ihnr;:o 
anil ev 
services. 

Mr. I>..t.v w:is a Meth..di.^t in 
liiMl a U.i.,iMi.an in politics. II 
the bife'liest stanJards and ideals 



of his funeral 
y attended the 

reli;,'iuus faith 
was a man of 
aid endeavored 



to assist others to attain them. In the death 
of Mr. Doty, the Illinois Steel Comiiany lost one 
of its most valued exeintives, Chiea^'O one of its 
most e-xemplary eiti/.en-, and in his family it 
eaused a vai ancv which ean never he tilled. 



ALOIS IIUXKELEK. 



In lomhin- upon matters of inii>ortanee rela- 
tive to the liusine.ss f;rowtli and develoi.ment of 
(.•hlia-o wldeh has risen to second place amou;.; 
the iiiit-'hly cities of the Country, it is but fittinj: 
to dwell upon tlie services rendered by those 
caiitaias of industry who have made possible 
present existing conditions. Without their vim 
and enterprise Chicago could never have 
reached its present promiuence, for no city or 
country can be greater than the rank and file 
of Its citizens. These men have rendered iu- 
tstimable assistance to their communities, deal- 
ing direct with stout realities instead of offering 
vague theories, and consequently have achieved 
reiuarkalile progress in their business enter- 
prises. These representative men have come 
from all over the world to participate in the 
fornintiou of a miglity empire of industrialism, 
and one who has borne well his part in the city's 
achievements is Alois IlunUeler, proprietor and 
owner of the Hotel Kigi at the corner of Adams 
and Clinton streets, Chicago. Mr. Ilnnkeler 
was born in Switzerland, Schoctz, Kt. I>uzeru, 
December 25, IS.JS, a son of JoIkiuu and Kath- 
arina (Kneubueher) Ilunkeler, loth natives of 
Switzerland, born in ISlti and 1820, respectively. 
These parents married in Switzerland, and spent 
the remainder of their useful lives within it^! 
confines. Always farmers, they became exten- 
sive landowners and people of substance in 
their own country. 

Alois Ilunkeler grew up to earnest, industrious 
manhood in his native land, receiving a sensible 
educational training there, but when he attained 
his majority, he began an apiirenticeshiji to the 
butchering trade, which, wlien completed af- 
forded him the means of acquiring a good liv- 
ing. In compliance with the laws of his coun- 
try, he served his period in the Swiss army and 
was a loyal soldier. In 18S2 he decided to seek 
his fortune beyond the seas, and came dii-eci 
to Chicago. Soon after his arrival in this city, 
he obtained employment with Kudolph Weber, 
as a butcher, remaining in this connection for 
four months, when he went to St. Louis. Mo., 
where he continued to follow his tra<le. with 



John Kiicr^tel, l)iit within a short time returned 
to Chicago. In time he .secured employment in 
a dairy and later in a brick yard, and during the 
winter of l^V',-4. worked in the packing-house of 
Libby, .McNeil i: l.lbhv. In the spring of 1N84, 
he formed :'. partnirshiii with Fritz Stettler for 
the jiurpose of conducting a milk business in 
Chicago, and so continued for eighteen months, 
when the partnerslilp was dissolved, each 
member t>f the hrni continuing in business In- 
de])endently. 

In is>.") Mr. Ilunkel.-r returned to Switzerland 
and after a visit of several months he returned 
to Chicago, the same boat bearing Miss Kliza 
Kneubuehler, an old sweetheart of his. She was 
born Septendier 21, 1S(^0, a daughter of Joliann 
and KlizaVictb f Stoker) Kneubuehler. These 
young people were married soon after their ar- 
rival in Chicago, on May 27, ISSn. , Soon there- 
after .Mr. Ilunkeler jiurchased a lot on Melrose 
avenue, Chicago, and erected a small house, and 
this continued to be the family residence for 
four years. Later he rebuilt the original house 
making it a two-story frame structure, and in it 
he carried on a milk business, handling the 
product of thirty cows, and selling mill; and 
dairy goods. In isso Mr. Ilunkeler sold his 
ndlk business, rented his property and with his 
wife and a son \\\w had been born to them, 
made an<>Uier trip to Switzerland. They en- 
joyed a fuiir months' reunion with their rela- 
tives and then came liack to Chicago, where In 
November, l^s.j. m,., ii„nkekM- enjbarked in a 
first-class buffet business on Citnal street, near 
Van r.uren. where he remained for nine months, 
and thi'U secured the corner location at Canal 
and \'an Huren strerts. Tliere he continued for 
many .vnirs. and did a large business. From 
IMi-l to IMiv he was also interested in handling 
horses upcn an e\t. nsive s'-ale, buying in the 
ccmntry and sliippin- to Switzerland and Bel- 
gium, niakiu'.' one or two trips in coiniection 
with this line of business each year. In ls;is 
he sobl his Melrose avenue projierty. and in 
is'.iil sold his buflet business, soon thcr. 'after 
buying a line residen^'c ]in»perly on Taulina 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



street. He theu practically retired for several 
jears, but as he was a man of active luiMts and 
fertile bralu, lie liet:an lookin;; about lor an- 
other profitable investment, tiudiu^' it in the 
sprint; of 11X1.3, when he secured a ground lea.se 
of ninety-Tiine years on the proivrty at the cor- 
ner of AdauiS and Clinton streets, on which he 
erected a handsome three-SvJory and basement 
brick hotel, modern in every respect, containing 
thirty-six bedrooms, a fine buffet and restaurant 
and barber shop. Here he established himself 
in business as a hotel man, naming his proi)erty 
the Hotel Rigi. This hostelry has become very 
well and favorably linown to the traveling pub- 
lic and Mr. Hunkeler has enjoyed a large and 
profitable patronage since the inception of his 
house. He now has an option on the ground, 
and has arranged for the purchase of it. 



Mr. and Mrs. Hunkeler have become the par- 
ents of seven children, of whom only three are 
living: Hans, Emil and I'aul. Mr. Hunkeler 
belongs to the Masonic fraternity, and is a lead- 
ing member of the Schweizer Mannerchor of 
Chic-ago, and a number of other Swiss societies 
in the city. The success which has attended 
Mr. Hunkeler has not been achieved along any 
royal road to fortune, but is the outcome of per- 
sistent, intelligent and thrifty endeavor along 
lines with which he was acquainted. He has 
dealt fairly and honorably with everyone, and 
tiis business associates regard him with personal 
friendship. His countrymen in Chicago look to 
him for leadership, and his influence among 
them is iwwerful and is directed towards ele- 
vating them and making of them good citizens 
for their adopted country. 



]\IARY AUGUSTA (GAGE) PETERSON, 



AVithin the past quarter of a century the 
gentler sex has made rapid strides forward. 
Although always recognized as the Intliience 
behind the workers of the world, it has not 
been until recent years that a woman was per- 
mitted to give full scope to her ability and 
demonstrate her power to cope with almost 
every phase of life. The work has just been 
commenced, although there are a few who have 
forged ahead of their companions and already 
made their names stand for much that is ele- 
vating and learned in the world's work. One 
of these scholarly and capable women is -Mrs. 
Mary Augusta (Gage) Peterson, whose efforts 
In behalf of the conservation of forestry, and 
the proper development of educational facili- 
ties and charitable movements, have made litr 
a national character. Jlrs. I'eterson, v.idow of 
the late Peter S. Peterson, was born at lioston, 
Mass., October 2, 1S44, and is a worthy product 
of that most learned city. Both families are old 
in this country, John C.age and Kichard Kim- 
ball having arrived in the Colonies in ]G;jO, com- 
ing from England. John Gage was a member 
of the staff of Governor Winfhrop, the first 
governor of the colony of -Massachusetts. She 
laid a good foundation for her educational train- 
ing in the excellent public schools of Boston, 
later attending Abbott Academy of Andover, 
Ma.ss., for two years, and Mt. Halyoke College, 
from which she was graduated as well as from 
the State Normal School of New York. 

On October 127, ls(i:'>, Mrs. Peterson was mar- 
ried to Peter S. Peterson, the pioneer nursery- 



man of Chicago. Ho had founded the nursery 
that bears his name on Lincoln and Peterson 
avenues, Chicago, the largest nursery devoted 
to ornamental purposes in this country. When 
they were married the husband was still in a 
struggling state, and Mrs. Peterson took hold 
with a ready vim which characterizes her ac- 
tions. As long as her husband's business aiid 
family required attention, Mrs. Peterson devoted 
herself to them, but hers was too well developed 
an intellect to lie fallow, and she soon began 
Interesting herself along educational, religious 
and charitable lines. Naturally fond of nature, 
and having had her perceptions sharpened by 
her association with her husband's work, she 
became interested in the study of forestry, and 
traveled extensively to pursue her research work. 
In time she collected one of the finest and most 
complete libraries in the world on forei^try and 
the conservation of the natural resources of the 
country along this line, and has received signal 
recognition not only from her own people, but 
those of foreign lauds. Mrs. Peterson was chair- 
man of the forestry department of the general 
federation of Women's Clubs for many years, 
and since lt'07 she has lieen frequently called 
upon to present her views upon the lecture 
platform, not only relative to forestry, but other 
sulijects to which she has given time and at- 
tention. Slie it was who was selected to make 
the address on "forest conservation" at the open- 
ing of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacifie Exposition at 
Seattle, Washington, in IIK^X In addition Mrs. 
Peterson has been for years identified with the 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



911 



devolopiiieiit of tUe mauiial training school move- 
ment, especially that devoted to the domestic 
sciences, and is well iKjsted with ref,'ard to 
what has been accomj dished l>oth here and in 
Euroiie. She was doejily interested in the 
domestic science department of the Armour 
Institute, from' its inception nntil It was dis- 
continued, and she was one of the body of 
wonieu who took under adviseuioiit the desir- 
nbility of its separate' maintenance. Since it 
has been conducted by a board of women 
.sek'cte<l from various clubs, she has been an 
ollicer, and as the School of Domestic Arts and 
Sciences, it is known all over the country as one 
of the best institutions of its kind. Since I'Jtio 
Mrs. Peterson has been either a director or trus- 
tee of Mt. llolyoke College and gave to it Peter- 
son Lodge to be used as a home for its retired 
teacliers, some years ago. Jlrs. Peterson was 
one of the organizers and incorporators of the 
Chicago College Club in 1007, continuing her 
active membership ever since, while at the same 
time she has served it as an officer. For several 
years she has been president of the Mt. Holyoke 
Alumnae Association. 

About forty years ago Mrs. Peterson fouiiJt^ 
the r.owmanville Sunday school, from wliich the 
jirest'nt Congregational Church has grown, and 
she is now one of its most liberal supi>orters and 
active uiemlier.s. Not only has she taught P>ible 
study classes on Sunday, but several evenings 
during the week, and she is frequently called 
upon to address audiences upon religious and 
udssionary subjects. Devotedly attached to her 
late hu.sband, Mrs. Peterson has since her mar- 
riage displayed a deep interest in Swedish 



art, culture and advancement. In her home she 
has some notable collections which disi)lay the 
arts and crafts of Sweden, while she has often- 
times lectured upon these interesting subjects, 
thus enlightening and broadening public opinion. 
IJecogiiition of her services to the Swedish peo- 
ple in -Vnierica was given by King Gustav, who 
conferred the Order of Vas;i upon her son, Wil- 
liam A. Peterson. This honor was the outcome 
of a recoMunendation by the Swedish minister 
nt Washington, setting forth the state of affairs 
to his ruler. In addition to her other labors, 
Mrs. Peterson has found time for literary work, 
and is tlie author of the "Nature Lover's Creed,*' 
which is in use in the public schools throughout 
the I'nitod States, as well as of other equally 
creditable writing. 

In order to inform herself firsthand upon the 
questions whicli were interesting her, Mrs. Peter- 
son has traveled extensively, having visited the 
Holy Land and Egypt twice, and Europe many 
times. Her home is in Chicago, and her resi- 
dence at Lincoln and Peterson avenues is one 
of the most beautiful and comfortable in the 
city. As her inclinations have led her, she has 
remotleled it, and it is filled with trophies of her 
travel.s. Her choice library of rare books finds 
a fitting setting, as d(> her collections of objects 
of art, baskets, lighting devices of all periods, 
of Indian relics, and from tlie windows can be 
seen the e.\quisite grounds, artistically laid out 
■with a view to affording pleasure to the eye. 
The whole home Is an epitome of the life and 
mentality of the owner, and from it she radiates 
a iKiwerful influence for good and a moral and 
intellectual uplift. 



JOHN HALL SHERRATT. 



The study of the life and accomplishments of 
a successful man, is full of educational value, 
especially when such a person has achieved 
tangible and practical re.sults, and has raised 
the standard and set an example which goes 
to form a real bulwark of Americanism. A 
comprehensive knowledge of such a man brings 
appreciation of him and his motives, and when 
he is one who has already answered the eternal 
roll call, gives his memory that credit due it 
seldom awarded to the living. The late Captain 
John Hall Sherrait, a leading factor in the 
commercial and social life of Rockford for 
many years, and a man wlio was honored by 
election to tlie higliest oUice within tlie gift 
of the citv, was one who never shirked a duty. 



but marched ahead to meet and conquer any 
enemy, either jiersonal or one which threatened 
nation or comnumity. Ilis battles were many, 
for he never ceased to lie a soldier in the army 
of Common Welfare, but in the end victory 
perched upon his standard and went with him 
into the Great Beyond. Captain Sherratt was 
a native product of Winnebago County, was 
born within its confines in 1S45, and passed 
from this mortal life in Philadelphia, Pa., 
.March 1-", V.nOC. He was a son of Thomas and 
Lydia (Hohnes) Sherratt, natives of England, 
early settlers of Winneliago County. They had 
two daughters and three sons. Captain Sher- 
ratt licing the second in order of birth. The 
elder brother, Thomas, was a very brilliant 



912 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



scholar. lie onlistod in the yeveiity-fuurtli IIU- 
nois Volunteer Infantry, as Oid Caiituin Slier- 
ratt. Tlie elder luother had already entered 
college and Juhu had iiassed examination for 
entranee at the time of enlistment. The former 
was injured in the battle of i<tonc liiver and 
tent home on account of disability. He finished 
his coUese course, puriiosing to devote his tal- 
ents to the practic-e of his chosen profession, the 
law, when death claimed him, at the age of 
twenty-two years. As he had never fully recov- 
ered from his injuries, he was as truly a victim 
of the k'l'cat Civil war as thou.irli he had been 
killed on the battle field. 

Captain Sherratfs early educatbrn was in the 
Hockford schools. When only seventeen years 
old, he enlisted in Comi'any K, Seventy-fourth 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered 
into the service on August 7. 1S(C. Althout;li 
he enlisted as a private his conspicuous bravery 
resulted in successive promotions until at the 
ape of nineteen years, he was, a captain, beins 
placed at the head of a company in the Forty- 
second United States Colored Troops, in \SfA. 
On January 31, ISOO, he was mustered oiit of 
the service, havin- been a brave and valliant 
soldier. 

Returninsr to Kocktord where all his Interests 
centereil, he embarked in the insurance busi- 
ness and found its requirements admirably 
fitted to his capabilities, so that lie entered a 
broad field of useful endeavor, bocomins secre- 
tary of the Forest City Insurance Compauy, 
January 3, ISSO. and later was made its execu- 
tive head. During' a trip to California in ISsO, 
admirers of his ability and business acumen 
had him placed upon the ticket of his party for 
mayor, entirely without his consent or knowl- 
cdcc. He was elected by an overwhelming ma- 
jority and the first intimation he had was the 
news that he was mayor-elect of Kockford. 
Altboucrh he had not soupht the honor, Ca])tain 
Sherratt made the city one of the best ma.vors 
it ever had, and the people rose in a body and 
demanded that he consent to run for a second 
term, but he felt that he could not conscien- 
tiously pive the city what he felt it required, 
and at the same time continue to discharge the 
heavy duties be had already assumed, and so 
declined further honor. In addition to his 
operations alonpr insurance lines. Captain Sher- 
ratt served as iiresident of the Third National 
r.ank of Rockfor.l from ISOT until his untimely 
demise: was a director of Kockford Colle:jre 
from 10<"K) to 10(i2, when lie was made president 



of the board of trustees. For years, he was one 
of the most el'ieiciit members of the library 
board, and playcl a couspicmms [lart in the 
furtherance of every iiublie measure looking 
towards the bettermeut of conditions iu his 
beloved city. From the organization of Nevius 
Post and Legion, lie was an entliushistlc mem- 
ber and was the first president of the IJockford 
Country Club, of which he was also the organ- 
izer. During the Spanish-.Vmcrican war, Cap- 
Sherratt was luesi.lent of the Winnebago 
County Army and Navy League. At the time 
of his death, he was senior vioe-conimander of 
Chicago Post of the Ixiya! Legion, in which he 
took a deep interest. In spite of bis material 
successes, it is cbiimed that he was essentially 
a soldier, and only a business man because of 
necessity. 

On July 0, isTa, Captain Sherratt was united 
in marriage witli Harriott E. Wight, daughter 
of the llou. James .M. Wight, one of the well 
known attorneys of Kockford. Captain and 
-Mrs. Sherratt were happily mated, having many 
common interests, and were devotedly attached 
to each other. His death severed not only the 
ties of matrimony, but a friencbship that was 
sacred In its character, so close and intimate 
had it been. P.oth loved books and travel, and 
as they rounded out their useful happy lives 
together, they became more and more congenial, 
and looked forward to passing the evening of 
tlieir existence, hand iu hand. C.iptaiu Sher- 
ratt was a life-long student, possessing most 
wonderful powers of concentration. Iu his 
homo he felt that l)usine.ss should never be 
mentioned. Tliat was the jilace for his family 
and friends and he always delighted in l)ei7ig 
n host, and was a gracious one. Captain Sher- 
ratfs health failed him. and he sought relief 
at the Medico-Chirurgical Hospital at Philadel- 
phia, but in vain. In spite of skilled surgical 
aid. he sank to rest, regretting to the last the 
impossibility of jias^in- his last moments at 
PoHcford. His remains were returned to this 
city of his love, am! lay in state at Memorial 
Hall. All vied with each other to render him 
honor. JIayor Jackson apiiointed a committee 
to prepare and engross suitable resolutions ex- 
Iiri'ssins tlie sympathy and regret of the city 
government. The council atteniled the funeral 
services in a bixly. The flag for which he had 
risked his boyish life and ha.l ever afterward' 
supiwrted with his manhotxVs [lurpose. floated 
at half-mast over the city, while all that was 
mortal of this truly great man lay in Memorial 



f-;^ ^■r ^B TS SBWW i ^yy ^r-''"''^?'^" 



?: ^IJj^jgiSW'Wfjai'-*^'-'* 



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HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDTA OF ILLINOIS. 



91:5 



Ilnll wliore he had so often been on fdnner c'ca- 
iilons. There was; not a dry eye in the vast 
coueourse that gathered to look their lar^t unon 
his beloved face, wlien his many vinucs were 
toiicliln^'ly siK.ken of in tlie able funeral ;id- 
(Iress. rractieally the entire eity folli«we.l the 



funeral •, ortege lo tiie eemetery where now lies 
the hmiy of Captain Si.erratt, but his soul bad 
already return^;^i to tlie IMalUT who hiul sent it 
here to dwell for a too brief period in an earthly 
teneuient, as unsullied as on its natal niurri. 



ALBERT JOHN OCIISInER. 



Anion;; those men whose names have (igiirfd 
prominently in eonneetion with the medical prc- 
f.-:slon of Chicago during the last quarter rit a 
ontury and whose labors have proved niist 
valuable and effective both in private practice 
11 ml in college and hospital work is Dr. Albert 
J. Ochsner, whose career is typical of modern 
jirogress and advancement. Dr. Ochsner was 
born iu Barabc>o, Wis., April 3, I'^.IS, a sou of 
Henry and Judith (IJottiuger) Ochsner, early 
pioneers of that state, and earnest iuteliigcnt 
people who were ever ready to do their part iu 
the world's work for civilization and progre.ss. 
The educational advantages of Mr. Ochsner 
were those afforded by the public schools of his 
native town and the I'niversity of Wi-^consin, 
he being graduated from the latter institution iu 
l!<5i4 with the degree of B. S. Ho also re- 
ceived tlie degree of I,L. D. from that institu- 
tion in 1!I0;). Having decided ui«.n the practice 
of surgery as a life work, he accoidingly matric- 
ulated at the Unsh Medic-al College, and was 
graduated from that institution in assf. with the 
degree of M. D. After graduating from Rush 
Medical College, he became interne in the Pres- 
byterian Hospital. He then studied two semes- 
ters in the t'niversity of Vienna and one in 
the University of Berlin. Upon returning from 
abroad, he became the chief assistant to Tro- 
fessor Charles T. Tarkes, at the head of the 
surgical department of Paish Medical College. 
This position he held until the death of his 
chief three years later, when he continued in 
this same position under I'rof. Nicholas -Senn 
for four years, the latter having been appointed 
to the chair made vacant by the death of Dr. 
Parkes. 

Xo better indications of a ni.inV- real worth 
and character, and of his skill and proficienry 
can be estalilished thau the opinion entertained 
for him on the part of hi.s professional col- 
leagues and the eminent positions he tills in the 
colleges and ho<|iit;iN of tiif city. Dr. (i.li.-ner 
is chief surgeon to the -\ii_'nst:nm ;uid St. .M.-iry's 
Hospitals, Professor of Clinical .Surgerv in the 



Medio'.l Department of the Cniversity of Illi- 
nois, tb-j Ciilk'gc of I'hysicians and .Surgeons of 
Chicago. He Is a fellow of the American Sur- 
gi ■;;! .S(yi;'ty. a member of the Southern Surgical 
aiid tJyne'oioglc-al Society, the American Med- 
ical .Vssociatiou, American Clinical Society, Chi- 
cago Medical Socictj, Chicago Pathological So- 
ciity and the Ciiicago Surgical Society, of which 
he is e.K-president. Ur. Ochsner is a niau of 
broad information along many lines, and besides 
his valuable service in the colleges and hosiiitals 
of Clii' ago, be is the author of many works, of 
wiiich the most important are "Handbook of 
Appendicitis," "Te.\tbo'.>k of Clinical Surgery," 
a book on '•Hosiiital Construction" and a book 
0:1 "Kxophthalmic Goitre," and also numerous 
monograplis on surgir-al subjects. He holds to 
high ideals in his professional service and his 
work is characterized by a devotion to duty. 
His professional service has ever been dis- 
charged with a keen sense of conscientious obli- 
gation and his skill is evidenced througli results 
which have followed his labors. 

Dr. Oihsner was married in Chicago April 3, 
IS.'^S, to Mi.ss Marion Mitchell, of that city, a 
lady of culture and retinemeut, and to this union 
two children were born, namely: Albert Henry 
a;i<l Bertha. 'J'he family home at Xo. 2100 
Sedgwick street is a hospitable one where good 
cheer always abounds and where the doctor and 
bis family deliglit in entertaining their many 
friends. While Dr. Ochsner has i)cen promi- 
nently identified with the medical profession of 
Ciiicago for nearly three decades, he has like- 
wise taken an active interest in the city's wel- 
fare, and never hesitates to advocate or oppo.se 
any measure or project which, in his judL-nient, 
merits endor.senieut or opposition. Though 
quiet and unostentatious in manner, he is rec- 
o-'iiizcd as a man of earnest purpose and pro- 
gros-ive prill. ■ipk..s, and no citizen of this city 
li:is in Irrgcr im-Msure the esteem of his fel- 
lows, nor e.\ert> a stronger influence for the 
I roiiiotioii of ;;,,od citizenship. He is a meiiiluT 
of the liiiversity, (Jcrmania and Jracniierchor 



914 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



clubs and is interested in all that 
modern advun'oment and iniprovei 
material, intellectual and moral line 



aim to luiiiri 
ties are nu 



fo-itered movements which 
inihlic weal and his charl- 



JOIIX S. METCALF. 



The exacting conditions of twentieth century 
progression have resulted in specialization in 
every line of industrial and consti-uctive aeti\~- 
ity. Men of conspicuous aliility have proved 
beyond question, by experiment and consecutive 
action, that the best and most productive re- 
sults are secured by a single-hearted devotion 
to some particular line. Th-' reason for this 
Is palpably evident. With .so many competitions 
It is an impossibility for any one man to be- 
come an expert in all lines, and therefore those 
who aim for the stars take the logical method 
for reaching heights unattainable to those who 
are content with the lower rounds of the lad- 
der. The late John S. Metcalf, founder and 
president of the John S. Metcalf Company, en- 
gineers and builders of grain elevators, was one 
of the first of his profession to recognize the 
truth of the statement that he who dissipates 
his energies in all directions readies no definite 
goal, and for the past quarter of a century con- 
fined his operations exclusively to the building 
of grain elevators. 

The birth of Jlr. Metcalf occurrwl in Sber- 
brooke. Province of Quebec, Canada, March 7, 
1S47, and he died March 4, 1012, a( his residence, 
Xo. 1023 Maple avenue, Evanston, 111. He was 
educated in the district schools of Cookshire and 
the academy of the same place, and in ISTO, 
desiring a broader field of endeavor, c-ame to 
the United States, and locating at Indianapolis, 
Ind., commenced upon the work which was ulti- 
mately to yield him such large results and a 
distinction that was practically international. 
He organized the company that bore his name 
some forty years, and founding it uixin broad 
princii)les, built it up to immense proportions 
upon the same lines, adhering closely to his orig- 
inal ideas throughout the remainder of his life, 
holding always that nothing but the bo.<t is worth 
while. Among important building contracts 
carried out by his company may be mentioned : 
the llurlington elevator at St. Louis, the C. B. & 
Q. elevator at Ea.st St. Louis, the Missouri 
Pacific at Kansas City, the Southern Pacific at 
Galveston, the Grand Trunk devat.irs at Port- 
land, Me., Midland, Ont., and Montreal, Canada, 



the Manchester Ship Canal elevator at Man- 
chester, England, and the Canadian Pacific ele- 
vators at Victoria Harbor, Ont., Canada. Many 
of these buildings are immense and their con- 
struction involved the expenditure of millions 
of dollars. They are all recognized as being 
the most perfect of their kind, and exponents of 
the best methods of etliciency in rapid handling 
and proper storage of grain. Social by nature, 
Mr. Metcalf belonged to the Union League Club, 
the Chicago Engineers Club, the Montreal En- 
gineers Club, the Western Society of Engineers, 
the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers and the 
American Kailway and Maintenance of Ways 
Association. His professional knowledge and 
ability fitted him to be a valued member of the 
clubs of his compeers, and he was honored by 
them both as an engineer of exceptional ability 
and a man of high character and delightful 
personality. 

In 1S73 Mr. Metcalf was united in marriage 
with Alice S. Hichey, who survives him. Jlr. 
and Mrs. Metcalf had four daughters, three of 
whom survive him, namely : Mrs. Charles C. 
Bonar of El Paso, 111.; Mrs. P. E. Thomas of 
Somervillc, Ma.ss. ; and Miss Kate L. Metcalf of 
Evanston, 111. The funeral services held over 
this truly remarkable man, at his late residence, 
were presided over by the Rev. Dr. Clarke of the 
Second Presbyterian Church of Evanston. The 
remains were tenderly laid to rest at Kose Hill, 
but the spirit of the man lives on, and dominates 
the lives of not only his own family, but those 
with whom lie was associated in business or at- 
tracted to him socially. A good judge of human 
nature, Mr. Metcalf seldom made a mistake in 
his choice of friends, and it is a noted fact that 
those whom he depended upon in his busi- 
ness operations, were men of high character, 
thoroughly responsible, and able to carry out 
whatever diities were assigned them. Charitable, 
kind-hearted, genial, Mr. Metcalf will long be 
remembered as one of the leading spirits of 
Evanston, and a prominent figure in the busi- 
ness world. Countless numbers mourn the pre- 
mature tei-raination of this useful, honorable 
life just when it was at its richest fruition. 




'SS -*f <aK- T -VT'-^ 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



WILLIAM HENRY DEXTER. 



Pelf liclp has aceouiiilished about all the great 
tliliiRs in the world and the door of opportunity 
h;is ^'pnerully been iipened l>y the men who have 
found success awaiting; tlieiu within. In every 
city every year there are thousands of youuf? 
men who cherish ambitious In one direction or 
anothiT, liut liow few ever reach the top of the 
ladder. It retpiires a brave heart to fii,'ht one's 
way throu;;li discouragements, temptations and 
momentary failures, but that many have suc- 
ci-cded is jiroved li.v the long list of names hon- 
ored iu tlie business world thronjjh life and re- 
called with resiiect and admiration after their 
work In life is over. These remarks are par- 
ticuhirly applicable to the late William Heury 
I>e\ter, who for many years was prominently 
identified with the manufacturius interests of 
Chicago, and the loss of such a man to city, busi- 
ness circles and family, is irreparable. In every 
relation of life he recognized his duties and per- 
formed them faithfully, industriously and con- 
scientiously. He was a man who lent his in- 
Uuence to every good and worthy cause as a 
citizen and every enterprise with which he was 
connected benefitted through such association. 
In his own line of work he built up a vast busi- 
ness through his power of organization and his 
ready recognition of the practical needs of the 
world. In the conduct of this business he bo- 
came a recognized factor in the manufacturing 
world and through the methods he employed se- 
cured well merited esteem. He had a wide ac- 
quaintance with men of capital and influence 
and with a broad outlook and from his wealth 
of experience, often counselled with them. 
When Chicago lay in ashes he was a boy but 
later years reveal him as one of the potent fac- 
tors in the upbuilding of the present mighty city. 

William Henry Dexter was born at I'leasaut 
Prairie, Kenosha County, Wi.s., April IG, ISCO. 
He was a sou of Walter L. and Catherine (John- 
son) Dexter, the former of whom was born in 
Kenosha County, a son of John Dexter, who was 
one of the history-niaking men of Wisconsin, to 
which state he moved from New Tork, in pio- 
neer days. The Dexters aaiuired large bodies 



of land and the father of the late William Henry 
I>exter still lives on the farm on which he was 
born. Catherine (Johnson) Dexter was born in 
Ireland. William Henry Dexter was the ehlest 
born of his parents' family of six children and 
was given no educational advantages beyond 
the o[iportunities in the Ccjuntry schtxds. Had 
it been otherwise he might have been highly 
successful in privfesslonal life, as in j'outh he 
cherished an ambition to become a physician. 
As a first step in that direction he became a 
clerk in a drug store in Kenoslia, but subse- 
quently returned to the home farm and took 
over its management and remained there until 
he was thirty years old, when he came to Chi- 
cago. Accciiting the first promising position that 
offered, he entered the employ of a stone quarry 
company, but later became an accountant and 
afterward general manager for the Wisconsin 
Dairy Company of Chicago and continued until 
1894, when, with a Mr. Devlin as a partner, he 
went into the business of selling butter. This 
oiiened up what he realized might be made a very 
profitable business and within a few years he em- 
barked in the manufacture of this necessary com- 
modity, establishing his factory at Xo. 121!) 
Wabash avenue, Chicago. He mnde a specialty 
of tlie manufacture of sweet, wholesome, pure 
butter, doing a wholesale business entirely, and 
through his energy and enteri)rise so expanded 
the business that his house became supply for 
distribution all over the United States. He had 
so busy a business life that it left but little time 
for outside interests, but he was widely known 
in commercial circles and, had he so desired, 
might have been known in public affairs. The 
country needs men of his calibre, men honest, 
efficient, far sighted, keen and resourceful. 

Mr. Dexter was married September 20, 1S94, 
to Miss Marianna Whyte, who was born in Ot- 
tawa, Canaila, a daughter of Eobert and Ruth 
(Henry) Whyte. Three sons were born to Mr. 
and -Mr.s. Dexter: Howard W., Walter E. and 
Robert W., all of whom, with their mother sur- 
vive him. Mr. Dextcr's death occurred June 1, 
1914. 



GEORGE LEINING]']R. 

George Leinlnger, M. D., superintendent of the through the study and efforts of modern 

Chicago State Hospital for the Insane, at Dnn- physicians are astounding the world and per- 

ning. 111., ably fills a gravely im|iortant posi- haps along no line have scientific experiments 

tion. The achievements of medical scienc-e been followed by greater results than in the 



916 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



better umlerstniuliii;; of iiiental defectives, the 
amelioration of their coiulition, and, in many 
eases their ultimate cure and restoration to the 
activities of normal life. Many iiliysicians and 
surseon.s have well trained minds and technical 
manual skill, necessary adjumts lo success in 
the i)rofession, but by no means all possess the 
.steady nerve, the unerring jud^'ment, the special 
power of diagnosis which is in continual de- 
mand in exercising care and medical supervi- 
sion over the demented. Dr. Leininirer has 
proved to be possessed of these Qualifications. 

George Leininger was born at Archbold. Ful- 
ton County. Ohio, Jlay 2, is.in, and is a son of 
John and Mary (Bender) Leininger. After at- 
tending the public .schools in his native place 
and reaching the iioint when a choice of life 
work became advisable, he decided upon the 
study of medicine and after proper preparation 
entered Wooster University, at Cleveland, Ohio, 
and was graduated from that institution in 
1S81 with the degree of M. D. lie entered into 
practice at Ked Wing, Minn., In l.SSC removing 
from there to Chicago, where he engaged in 
medical practice, and for several years was 
on the faculty of the Xorthwestern Dental Col- 
lege as professor of anaesthetics, and from I'^OS 
to 1S95 he was police surgeon. For some years 
Dr. Leininger was also president, treasurer and 
a director of the International Chemical Com- 
pany. As an educator Dr. Leininger was capable 
and his lectures were well attended by the stu- 



dents, in his private practice lie gained tlie con- 
fidence of the high and lowly and since assuming 
the duties of his present responsible office, has 
still further added to his iirofessional reputation. 
Dr. Leininger was married at Bremen. Ind., 
in ISsl, to Jliss Mathilda Schuster, and they 
have three children : Leonard .1. G., Otto Wil- 
liam and Emil A. II. A Democrat in his 
liolitical atliliation. Dr. Leininger has been a 
faithful party adherent and is a prominent fac- 
tor in the Cook County democracy. For .several 
years he was a member of the Democratic Coun- 
ty Central Committee and also of the Democratic 
County Central Committee, being addition- 
ally very closely allied in political feeling 
with the German-American element in Cook 
County. In 1S97 he was elected collector of 
West Town, Chicago, and in ISOS, was elected 
supervisor, and in 1000 and 1902 was an alder- 
man from the Si.xteenth Ward, and was chief 
surgeon of the coroner •of Cook County in 1900- 
1901 and 1902. On April 4, 1913, he was elected 
superintendent of the Chicago State Hospital 
for the Insane, at Dunning, III. During his 
twenty-eight years of residence in Chicago Dr. 
Leininger has proved his worth as a business 
man and citizen and at the same time has not 
overlooked the opiiortuuities for arousing pub- 
lic sentiment in favor of higher ideals, wider 
outlook and better ways of advancing human 
happiness. 



RALPH W. KING. 



'J'here are several reasons why the proiirietor 
and owner of the old and well establistied hay, 
grain and feed house of the It. W. King ('<pm- 
pany, Ralph W. King, has succeeded in lite — 
energy, system and practical knuwledu'i'. The 
range of his activities is now large, but from 
the beginning of his career Mr. King ha- siiiirVit 
to work steadily and well for ultimate results, 
and has never been content to labor merely for 
the present. His offices and elevat<ir at Boot 
and La Salle streets, Chicago, are a landmark 
for many of his older customers, just as lie and 
his house stand for sound, honest business deal- 
ing and good service. Mr. King was bom at 
Tliree Biver.s, Mich., October i;. isTl. a s,.ii of 
Jas|ier and Helen L. (Greene) King, both na- 
tives of Ohio, where the fatlier vas liorn in 
Maumee County, November 11, \s?,3, and his 
wife in the saiue county, November ]';. l^.'JT. 
The paternal great-grandfather of Mr. King was 



a mitive of Germany, who founded the family in 
America. He was one of the body of Hessians 
employed by the English in their fight against 
the Colonists, and while in one of the engage- 
ments of the Revolution, was taken prisoner. 
The principles for whicli the Colonists were 
lighting then became clearly understood by the 
gallant .soldier and ho cast his lot with the 
Colonists, and the last two years of tlie con- 
flict fought on their side. After the war he 
settled in I'ennsylvania, later going to Maumee 
County, Ohio, entering a large tract of land 
from the government, which remained in the 
hands of his descendants for many years. 

William King, a son of the founder of the 
family in this country, and grandfather of 
Italfih V>'. King, was born in Maumee County, 
Ohio, where he spent his life. During the War 
of lsl2, he served bravely as a soldier, as did 
his father. Jasper King, a son of William 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



on 



Kln^' mill father of lialpli W. Kiii),', luariicil in 
his uative county in lN4!t. Soon aftt'i- the cIono 
of the Civil war, in Isim, he moved to Three 
Klvers, Mich., where he estahli-sheU himself In 
a U!ereantile business and cuudneted a I'anu 
In eonjniiLtion with his store, tlie foniirr licini; 
adjaeent to the villaw. lie continued in busi- 
ness until Is^T. ulien sellin;:, he moved to Chi- 
ca;;o, wliere hr nsided until liis d.'atli, uliieh 
iKvunivl .\oveiui,ei- Uu, i;mi3. His widow suhse- 
(|uentl.v moved to I'asadeua, Calif., where she 
now livis. This was a warliice race, for Jasper 
Kin;:, lolidwiny: the e.xamiile of his father and 
grandfather, fought for the defense of his coun- 
tr.v, as a soldier during the Civil war, organ- 
izing the tirst coiuiiauy in his part of Ohio, 
Comiiauy L, Thirty-third Ohio Vohuiteer In- 
fantry, of which he was made cajitaiu. Later 
he was promoted to the ranli of colonel of the 
regiment, and was discharged as such. Colonel 
Kiiig and his wife had the following family: 
Mary, Julia, Rose. Lillian, Harriet, John W., 
Charles G., Laura and Kalph \V. 

ICalph W. King received his preliminary liter- 
ary training iu the public schools of Michigan, 
and the Cook County High school, being grad- 
uated from the latter in 1SS9. Afler finishing 
his school course, he became a salesman for 
Marshall Field & Comiiany, remaining in the 
employ of that company until the fall of 1S92, 
when he established his present liusiness at the 
location he still occupies. Since tlien he has 
developed his business from the initial small 
concern it was to the flourishing comjiany of 
today. This house is one of the largest of its 
kind in Chicago, and its financial strength is 



e<iual to the volume of its business. In Is'Ji;, 
-Mr. King built an eie\ator ou his site with a 
capacity of S.j,OW bushels, one of the largest in 
this part of the State. 

On June iiO, 1M)T, .Mr. King was united in 
marriage with Miss Xclora S. Hordeii of Chi- 
cago, boru in this city, September 1, 15.77, a 
daugiiter of Seymour S. and Nelora (Andrew:,; 
liorden. Mr. and .Mrs. King have become the 
parents of four children: Jasiicr S., I!al[)h W. 
Jr., \\iiiifred" and Helen. .Mr. King belongs to 
the Masonic fraternity, iu which he is past mas- 
ter of Windsor I'arlc Lodge Xo. ^ac, A. F. & 
A. .M., Chicago Chapter .No. 1-J7, 11. A. M., 
A|jo11m Commandery Xo. 1, K. T., Oriental Cou- 
sistcuj and Medinah Temple. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Klks. Socially, Mr. King belongs to 
the City, Illinois Athletic, IJotary and Chicago 
Motor clubs. Iu connection with his business 
interests, Mr. King belongs to the Chicago 
Hoard of Trade, the Feed Dealers' Association, 
and the Association of Commerce. 

A man of unusual business capacity, his years 
of orderly and abundant work have resulted in 
acipured wealth and the sane enjoyment of it, 
and he has at the same time maintained his 
interest iu securing and preserving the welfare 
of his couHuuuity. He has given a strict atten- 
tion to his business, couductiug it with a 
thoughtful and intelligent management which 
could not heli> but bring about satisfactory re- 
sults. Mr. King keeps himself thoroughly posted 
on public events and matters of general interest 
and is highly esteemed as a forceful, substan- 
tial man and eicellent citizen. 



DAA^ID W. AVER ILL. 



Among the members of the medical fraternity 
who, through their attainments and activities 
have occujiied important places in the com- 
munity and their profession, none stood higher 
than the late Dr. David W. Averill, of Chicago, 
whose death occurred August 2, ls<Y2. A skillful 
practitioner in both medicine and dentistry, he 
was also for some years engaged in the manu- 
facture of proprietary medicines, and in every 
walk of life was a citizen whose career was a 
credit to himself and his community. Doctor 
Averill was born in Canada, of Scotch parentage, 
and inherited the sturdy virtues of his ancestors. 
Self-educated, he began life with no other re- 
sources than the talents with which nature had 
endowed him. He determined to direct his 



energies into tlioso channels wherein keen in- 
tellectuality as well as close application are de- 
manded, and, having prepared himself for col- 
lege, entered the Jefferson Jledical College of 
riiiladelphia, from which he was graduated. 
The breadth of his course was indicated in the 
fact that the degrees of Doctor of Medicine and 
Doctor of Dental Surgery were both conferred 
upon him. He was a classmate of the famous 
American dental surgeon. Doctor Evans, who 
became a leading practitioner at Paris. France, 
where his success was such that at his death 
he left an enormous fortune. 

Fnilowing his graduation, Doctor Averill came 
to the Middle We.sf, settling fii-st at .Mineral 
I'oint. Wis,, where he opened an otiice. He 



918 



HiyXOEJCAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



made friends readily because <>t a genial nature 
and unfci.:.'ned cordiality, and this, towtlier 
with his skill in liis ijrofessions, soon enabled 
him to acriuire a tine practice. I'.elieviiii,' that 
a larger city would afford hiiu a still greater 
opportunity, he removed to Ottumwa, Iowa, 
where he came to be regarded as one of the 
leaders in both the field of dentistry and that 
of medicine. Still he sought a wider scope for 
his labors, and subsequently came to Chicatjo, 
where for a number of years he was en^'uged iu 
the manufacture of a proprietary medicine, 
anti-morbitic, a remedy which he made from 
his own fornuila. As a result of careful and 
intelligent business management, success came 
to him and at his death he left a substantial 
competence. He passed away August 2, 1802, 
at the age of fifty-two years, and was laid to 
rest in Oakwoods cemetery. 

Doctor Averill represented a high type of 
citizenship, was a kind-hearted, lovable man, 
and enjoyed the coufideuco of all who knew 
him. Many traits of his character suggested a 
superior individuality and an Influence that 
was elevating to all who came within Its radius. 
He held membership in the lOpiscopal church, 
and found in its teachings the motive of his 
conduct. While a resident of Ottumwa, la., 
Doctor Averill was unitefl in. marriage with 
Jlrs. Thomas Doney, whose maiden name was 
Addle M. Morse. She Is a native of Streets- 
boro, O., and is a daughter of Andrew J. Morse, 
a native of New York, who came to Chicago 
about ISCO. Mr. Morse married Mary Packer, 
a daughter of .Tesse and Amy ((.Jould) Packer, 
the latter being a daughter of Thomas and 
Amy (Weatherhead) Gould. Thomas Gould 
was a son of Lieutenant Stephen and F.sther 
(\Yilder) Gould, and was a native of Sutton, 
Mass. He joined the Minute Men at Warwick, 
Mass., at the time of the war for Ai.iericau 
Independence, and continui'd in the Ilevolu- 
tionary struggle through an extended period, 
winning a lieutenant's coniniission. His wife 
was a daughter of Captain Aaron Wilder, who 
was also an active .soldier in the Continenlal 
Army. Andrew J. Morsi', father of Mr.s. Aver- 
ill, was educated for the ministry, being or- 
dained In the Methodist church, and for some 
years afterward engaged in i)reachlng. At tin 
time of the gold excitement in California, he 
made his way to that state, where he remain'vl 
for several years, and ui-on hi^ return to the 
Middle Wc'^t settled nt CbicaL'.., wh.^re he was 
engaged in a cooperage business. Mrs. Averill 



was educated at Willoughby, O., and at Talnier's 
Academy on State street, which she attended 
after the family's removal to Chicago. In 
early womanhood, she became the wife of 
Thomas Doney, a native of P.-iris, France, and 
a sou of Thom.-is Doney, Sr., the celebrated steel 
engraver, who, on coming to America, resided 
for a time in New York, but later removed to 
the West and r.assed away at KIgin, 111. Thomas 
Donej-, Jr., became idcntiticd with the wholesale 
grocery trade of Chicago, being a member of 
the firm of Sayers, Gilmore and Doney, whose 
place of business was at Xo. S.'i South Water 
street. He died at Chicago. His only child, 
Henry Eugene Doney, entered the employ of 
Marshall Field and Company, in the wholesale 
house, where the young man was assigned to 
duty in the cashier's office. He advanced rapid- 
ly, and before long was offered the position of 
auditor with Fowler Brothers, meat packers. 
He was subsequently placed in charge of the 
finances of that firm at Albany, N. Y. ; was with 
Morris Bros., of Chicago; later was employed 
at the refining plant of Davis & Jacobson, at 
Denver, Colo., and their successors, a large 
German syndicate, until falling health necessi- 
tated a change, and he took charge of the man- 
agement of an extensive farming property be- 
longing to his mother near Momeuce, 111. He 
was married at Denver, Colo., to Mrs. Ava Gris- 
wold. By a former marriage, with Miss Helen 
Gross, he became the father of one son, Ileury 
Eugene, Jr., born .lanuary 19, 1S90. 

After the death of Doctor Averill, Mrs. Aver- 
ill became the wife of William 11. Eastland, 
whom she survives. She makes her home at 
Chicago, and is well-known and prominent in 
social circles of the South Side. She is a mem- 
ber of the Daughters of the American Kevolu- 
tion. In the management and care of consid- 
erable property, she has shown rare business 
ability. She takes a most heli.ful part in char- 
itable work, and has been president of the 
Womens' Relief Corps, the Auxiliary of Colum- 
bia Tost No. 175. of the Grand Army of the 
liep'ililif, doing much active service in the work 
of that organization; and is a valued member 
of the Arche and I'nity clubs, being chairman 
of the philanthropic work for two years in the 
Arche Club and she has held other positions 
on the committees of this club. In religious 
matters she holds member.ship in McCahe 
Memorial .Methodist Church at Fifty-fourth 
street and Washington avenue. 









-^ 



V 






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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



919 



HE Y WOOD COFFIELD. 



Eilucatiuiuil work is vfiy exjutin;,' In tho de- 
inana it iii:ikf^ on its dcvotofs. Ostensibly the 
duty of till' iJtMl:i;;c;,'ue is to install a in-actical, 
workln;; knowledire for each of his jiupils; hut 
e<inally inn'oftant is his correhitive, tliont;h 
less (lircit fiim-tion, of instilling character and 
worlliy inecepts thronj,'h his unavoidable, I'or- 
honal Inllnence. The first duty calls for a man 
of knowledw and of siieclalized traluin- ; the 
siMMud fiT a callable and conscientious person 
whose life and mode of living provide a lit cri- 
terion for the younger generation. When a man 
conililnes the possession of these attributes 
with the exclusion of strongly detrimental char- 
acteristics, the early, formative years of future 
citizens may be safely intrusted to his care. 
Such a man is Heywood Cotfield, born near 
ArenzviUe, Cass County, 111., January 10, 1SG3, 
a son of Kev. Alfred and Hester I>. (Wagle) 
Cotlield, natives of Xorth Carolina and Illinois 
respecti\ely. 

During the tirst twelve years of his life, ITe.v- 
wockI Colheld's home was in the vicinity of 
ArenzviUe; but in his thirteenth year his pa- 
rents removed to Humboldt, Xeb., and there the 
family spent tlie next decade. He received his 
education in the public .schools of Illinois and 
Nebnisku and in Chaddock College, from which 
he was graduated with the degree of Ph. B. 
Ijiter lie took a short course in a business col- 
lege, which has since proved of considerable 
value to him in various ways. Teaching became 
his chosen vocation and since his first position 
he has taught over thirty years. He was first 
engaged in the ungraded schools, but subse- 
quently became either principal or superintend- 
ent of larger, more important institutions. He 
had charge at Verdon, Xeb., two years; at 
ArenzviUe, 111., for five years; at Mcrodosia, 111., 



for six years; at Cliandleiville, 111., for four 
years; at Girard, 11!., fnr three years; at ri>- 
per Alton, 111., for one year; at Edwardsville, 
lU., for four years, and at Wliite Hall, 111., 
where he has been for the past two years and 
has inaugurate<l a splendid system of school su- 
pervision and management. Much of Jlr. Cof- 
field's work has been in institutes and normal 
schools, and he is at [iresent recognized as a 
progressive leader in tliat department of tlie 
educational tield. 

In lss-1, Mr. Collield was married to Miss 
rii.K'lie i:. IJrandow, of Humboldt, Xeb.. and 
to him and his wife has been born one son, 
Alvin Itay, "ho was graduated from the White 
Hall High school and is now teaching. The 
family are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, while socially Mr. Coflield is affiliated 
with the Masonic order and the Odd Fellows 
fraternity, as well as numerous teachers" organ- 
izations. He has written many articles for the 
press, especially for school i>eriodicaIs, and has 
an interesting and delightful record as a lec- 
turer. At one time he undertook the editing of 
a newspaper, but the work proved distasteful to 
him and, after a little more than a year, he 
left the staff and devoted his entire Interest to 
school work. Mr. Coflield has had very agree- 
able suc<ess in his chosen line of work. From 
the start he was exceptionally fitted for the 
duties and responsibilities involved, and he has 
invariably given his best efforts toward the bet- 
terment and growth of the institution in his 
charge. He has had a personal interest where 
some other might have felt only a business obli- 
gation, and he has left behind him, in tlio 
hearts of his former students and in the rec- 
ords ami traditions of the schools a warm ten- 
derness and respicct. 



WASHINGTON POETER. 



Chicago is the home of many of the kind of 
men who when a struggle between the two sec- 
tions of the country was precipitated, left the 
individual interests for the larger and more 
humane ones of the nation, and resiionding to 
the call of President Lincoln, flocked about the 
flag, and followed it to the front, sliielding it 
with their bodies, and protecting it with their 
arms. Xot only did a number of these men 
who are now honored veterans of the Civil war, 
prove themselves brave soldiers during their 



military service, but coming back home they 
develoi>ed info citizens of worth and l)usiness 
assets ill their communities. Some attained to 
wealtli and high standing, perhaps all the more 
because of their stern training as soldiers, and 
from the depths of their wholesome hearts they 
still feel and respond to whatever appeals to 
their patriotic spirit. Among those who have 
become thus distinguished whom Chicago is 
very proud to acknowledge and accept, Wash- 
ington Porter occupies a foremost place, not 



920 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



only as a puLilio-spiriti'd cltizon, piuiifer fr\iit 
nieithaiit aud siKi- ess fill business uiau, but also 
as a vetfi-aii of the Civil war. lie is a product 
of Illinois, for he was lioni in Uooiie County, 
OttolaT L't;, :.s43, a son of Thomas \V. and ClKir- 
lottc (I.ani-) I'orter. The.se parents were otit of 
the ordinary, and tlieir induence no doubt 
materially assisted in the sliapiuj^; of their son's 
character. Horn in County Xorfollv, Kny;land, 
thoy received colleiriato educations, both being 
graduated from leadin;,' institutions of learnini; 
in tlieir native land. Marrying in IM'O they 
souj-'ht broader opiiortuiiities beyond the sea, 
and comin- to the United States in l-^.'iii tl;ey 
spent a short time on Loni; Island, X. Y., from 
whence they soon niovc'd to I'.ull'alo, where -Mr. 
I'orter found the oi>eiiinj,' for which lie was 
seelcing, and established himself in a mercantile 
business in that city, conducting a general store 
there until 1.^07. In I'J.OS, intlucnced by accounts 
of the newly opeiied-up territory of Illinois, he 
came to Boone County, and securing a large 
tract of government land, devoted himself there- 
after to farming and stock raising, dying upon 
his iiroporty in l.SS'J, aged seventy-nine years, 
lie had the misfortune to lose his wife in l.ST:!, 
she passing away aged seventy-three years. A 
man of e.xceptional business ability, he suc- 
ceeded remarkably well in his undertakings aud 
died a man of large meau.s. At the same time 
he gained for himself a well-merilcd reputation 
for sagacity and sound judgment, and his ad-- 
vice was sought by those who desired assistance. 
After the formation of the Kepublicaii jcirty ho 
gave it a devoted service, although he cnuld 
not be prevailed upon to accept of pul'lic oilice. 
Thomas W. Porter and his wife bee i me the 
parents of nine children: Thomas \V., Henry, 
Jharlotte, Anna, Itobert, James, IHizabcth, 
Washington and Frederick C, all of whom are 
deceased except Washington I'orter, whose name 
neads this review. 

Washington Porter liist attended the public 
schools -of his iiiUive county aiul then ciifered 
the Belvidere High school. Although hut a boy 
hi years Mr. Porter was old enough to resimud 
to the call of jiatriotism and Air.;ust lo. l^r,2. 
enli.^tcd in Company I'., Niiiety-tittli lllimiis 
Volunteer Infantry, serviuL: until llie close of 
the Civil war, being in a.tion at Chrwiii. ion's 
Hill, Sio-e of \-irksl.urg ami the i;cd Kiver Kx- 
pedition, and was wounded in the eir-':iu'enii'nt 
at (iiintown. Miss.. .June ID, lsi;i. He was 



mustered out of tlio army in June. ISCa, on 
account of the v,oii!id rereiveu in battle. 

Although always a man of action II. was not 
until he came to Chi«i;;o I bat Mr. Porter began 
to prove his mettle. Establishing himself in a 
fruit business, tvom tlie st;;rt he began lo sec a 
pace his competitors have found hard to equal. 
It was lie who shiiipcd the Srst carload of fruit 
to Chicago from Califoruia, aud was so im- 
pressed with the po.ssibiliti.'s of that st.ite for 
fruit grov.-iii.g, that he furnished the money for 
plantiD:; the drst orchard and vineyard in 
Fresno County, Oaliforuia, iu ISOO. He also 
brought to Chicago in that same year the first 
full crtrload of baiiaiuis I'roiu Panama and the 
first carload of litiic.^ froui Mexico and South 
America tliat ever came into the city. Mr. 
Porter was insfrumeutal in establishing and 
maintaining a largo fruit trade between the 
Pi'.cilic .States and those of Central America 
and through Chicago with Kurojie. He con- 
tinued to oi>erate along these extensive lines 
until 1;)C1, when he disposed of his business, 
aud since '.hen has devoted himself to handling 
liis pri\at8 investments, which consist to a 
large degree of Chicago realty located in the 
central part of the city. 

As a director of the World's Columbian Ex- 
pasilion Jlr. Porter rendered that Iwdy aud 
Chicago iiualuable service, and was a member 
of the •■ommittee appointed to wait upon Con- 
gress to secure legislation favorable to this city. 
A member of the Ways aud Means Committee 
of the exposition, he did much to make the ex- 
posititiu the magniliceiit success it wa.s. As a 
member of this committee he was chairman of 
the sub-committee who sold the Columbian half- 
dollars for ten thousand dollars for the World's 
Fair to Wyekoff, Seamans & Benedict, manu- 
facturers of the liemiugton typewriter. Pro- 
gressive in his ideas .Mr. Porter has lieen one of 
the leading factors in promoting the Lake Front 
pormanent improvements, and is a firm advocate 
of the -aty Beautiful" plans. It is safe to 
say that no movements which had for their 
olijeit the betterment of his city, country or 
Stale, have been promulgated durim: the past 



rry 



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try, Cliica^'o Athletic 
aiHl the Geort'f II. Thorn 
lieiiiL' us poiuilar ill them 



IIISTOrxICAL EXCYCLOPPJDIA OF ILLINOIS 
ic and CaUiuiet Golf cluhs 



921 



I'ost Ni 
he is i 



;. A. K., 

outside 



world, for he jwssej^se.s that pleasing personality 
and coiiiuianding mentality that win and re- 
tain friends. 



JOSEPH COLL BRADEX. 



When the entire story of the huildiuj,' of the 
greiit Ltraina;.'e Canal ptK's into history, the 
name of .Insepli Coll I'.niden will he identified 
with it hetause of his indefatigahle lahors, con- 
tinued tlirough ten years as a memher of the 
Iniard of trustees of the Sanitary District of 
Chlia^'K nud as chairman of tlie Engiueerin? 
Committee. His entire service on tliis board 
CT-ivered ten years, during which period his fore- 
.-.iijlit, his judgment, his prudence and regard 
for necessary economy in the use of public funds, 
made him an invaluable public official. When 
lie retired from the board of trustees in order 
to give attention to his personal business affairs, 
his withdrawal was felt as a great loss to this 
board of public utilities. While his name must 
over U) closely associated with this great and 
successful enterprise, it is prominently ideuti- 
lied with other lines, particularly insurance. 
Joseph C. I'.iaden was born at Joliet, 111., Jan- 
uary •-".>, ls.-,s, a son of Joseph Long and Jane 
(Coll) I'.raiieii, and a grandson of Walter 
liraibn. It is not necessary for men who have 
lH:>.inally achieved much to recall the deeds 
of luiMstors to add to their laurels but, if such 
Were the cas?, Mr. Braden had reason to be 
jiroud of the name he bore. His father, Josei)h 
Long ISrailen, was a prominent and intlueutial 
man in Illinois, was presidential elector when 
Abraliaui Lincoln was made president, and a 
leader in Republican politics. For thirteen years 
he was the able editor and also the proprietor of 
the Joliet Reiniblican; also served that city as 
postmaster, and at the time of his death, Feb- 
ruary 10, ISiJO, had been chosen by President 
Johnson for the high ollice of Minister to Spain. 
Attending the public schools of Joliet and 
taking a business course at Xotre Dame Uni- 
versity, South Bond, Ind., Joseph C. Braden 
thus laid a solid foundation and imbibed practical 
Ideas that he soon developed into entire self- 
supporting independence. Ho started out from 
college with no false ideas, from the very first 
maintaining a high regard for the dignity of 
labor, and this had been one of the prinri|)les 
of his life. In him Labor bad always found a 
friend and the working man a defender. In 
youth Mr. Braden was employed as a clerk in a 



mercantile establishnieut and also was a laborer 
in the Joliet Boiling Mills and still later served 
for about two years as one of the guards at the 
Illinois State I'rison at Joliet. For a short 
I/cricHl Mr. Braden then read law in the otiice 
of Judge KUwood, of Joliet. In 1S79 he em- 
barked in the Insurance field, forming the insur- 
ance agency of I'ark ic Braden, and built up tho 
largest business in that line at Joliet Over- 
tiikeii by severe illness, however, he sold his 
interest and in February, ISSl, came to Chicago, 
which city was his home and the scene of his 
laliors until death. His former beautiful home 
stands on Prairie avenue. Having become 
thoroughly interested in the insurance business, 
Jlr. Braden for a time was connected with the 
firm of .Aloore & James, in this line, in ISOO 
becoming associated with the Northwestern 
-Mutual Life Insurance Company, of Milwaukee, 
Wis., and later with the Connecticut Mutual 
Life Insurance Comiiany, which connection he 
retained to the time of his death. He was prob- 
alily one of the best known men in the insurance 
world in the northeni part of the United States. 
Politics, especially in the Thirty-second Ward, 
Chicago, interested him as a high minded, pub- 
lic spirited citizen. As a strong Republican, In 
which political faith he was cradled, his value 
was fre'iuently emphasized. In 1S94 he was 
made Central Committeeman (County) of the 
Thirty-second Ward and later became secretary 
of the Cook County Campaign Committee, and in 
LSI."!, secretary of the Republican City Campaign 
Committee, during the candidacy of Hon. George 
B. Swift for Mayor of Chicago. In 1S95 Sir. 
Braden was ele(te<l by a ma.iority of about 
-H),WO as a meml'er of the board of trustees of 
the Sanitary District of Chicago. For a decade 
following .Mr. Braden gave the best that was in 
him to tlie manifold responsibilities which this 
jiosition entailed, his personal business interests 
in tho meanwhile being put aside. In 1S90 he 
was aiipointcd chairman of the Engineering 
Committee, the most important committee of the 
drainage board, his energ.v and persistence 
largely furthered many of the most important 
measures, co-o[ierating heartily with other mem- 
bers of the board in every way. 



922 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Mr. Bnuleii was marrieJ [)0(.fiiilier 10, 1Sn4, 
to Miss Isabel Strin-ticld, a daiiKhter of Dr. 
F. M. ami Agnes (Munsou) Striugtield. This 
faaiil.v is in direct line of descent from Oliver 
Cromwell. The maternal grandfather of Mrs. 
Braden, Owen Mnnson, was a veteran of the 
Civil war and for thirteen weeks was a (irisuner 
In Libhy Trisou. It was during this time that 
he became known as the "Yankee p.salm singer" 
to thousands of his unhappy fellow prisoners 
whom he comforted and cheered by his inspiring 
singing. Four children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Eraden : Agnes Grace, who is Mrs. Paul 
Chapman, of Chiciigo; Jean Louise, who is de- 
ceased ; Frances Marian, who is Mrs. Edgar A. 
Boon of Chicago, and Josephine Cornelia, well 



known in society circles in Chiiago. A treasured 
possession of the family is the silver plated 
shovel witli which Mr. Braden dug the last shovel 
full of earth that opened the great Drainage 
Canal, that triumph of construction, the benefits 
of which are uncalculaMc. For many years 
prominent in Masonry, Mr. Braden was a mem- 
ber of Apollo L(xige, No. (U2 A. F. & A. M., 
Fairview Chapter, Mt. Joy Commandery No. 53, 
K. T., and Oriental Consistory and Medinah 
Temple, lie had the personal tastes of the 
wholesome American man and belonged to the 
Chicago Athletic Club, to the Hamilton and 
Sheridan clubs and was a charter uienibor of 
the South Shore Country Club. 
Mr. Braden died April 15, 101-1. 



CHARLES FREDERIK ERIKSON. 



The life of a good man teaches a lesson not 
easily forgotten, and the record he made while 
living continues to wield a powerful Intlueuce 
long after all that is mortal of him has been 
returned to the dust from whence it sprung. 
The good that men accomplish certainly does 
live after them, giving to their deeds an immor- 
tality that is infinite, and beyond the power 
of perfect comprehension in a human state. The 
late Charles Frederik Eriks-^n was one of those 
men who s[ient himself in the service of others 
and whose ambitions were centered about 
achieving those reforms which would lead to 
a moral uplift and advancement along all lines, 
especially for liis own people. He was the owner 
and imblisher of the Swedish Tribune-News of 
Chicago, and one of the leaders among the Swed- 
ish-.Viuericans of this city. Mr. Erikson was 
born at Halleberg, Sweden, May G, 1800, where 
he was reared, and given a public school edu- 
cation, being graduated from the high school 
course. In 1SS7, the ambitious young man left 
Sweden for the United States, confident that 
in the latter country he would find the freedom 
not given in his own land. After two years 
spent in Marinette, Wis., he reached Chicago, 
which was to be the scene of his life work, un- 
happily terminated when he was in his [irinie 
of useful manhood. Upon coming to this city. 
he became connected with the Chicago Herald, 
and in 1S0.3 went to Omaha, Neb., where for four 
years he conducted an advertising agency. In 
1S07, he visited the exi>osition at Stockholm as 
a representative of the Trans-.Mississippi Com- 
mission. 

During this time he had become an important 



factor in politics, and at one time was candi- 
date for the oflice of city comptroller of Omaha. 
In lSt»0 he returned to Chicago, where he con- 
tinued his advertising activities, and in 1903 
bought the Tribune, an old run-down Swedish 
paper, and later purchased the News, a similar 
journal. Combining them, he immediately in- 
fusetl now life into these two almost defunct 
papers, publishing them under the name of the 
Tribune-News. From then on he devoted him- 
self to the development of his organ, and suc- 
ceeded so well that at the time of his unhappy 
demise the paper had a paid circulation of over 
05,0(Xi, which Is remarkable when it is remem- 
bered that this journal is conducted almost ex- 
clusively in the interests of the Swedish people. 
Mr. Erikson was also a stockholder in the Union 
Bank of Chicago. 

On February 27, ISDo, Mr. Erikson was mar- 
ried to Miss Selma Dahlstrom, born at Omaha, 
Neb., a daughter of Andrew G. and Mary 
(Soderberg) Dahlstrom, both natives of Sweden. 
Mr. Dahlstrom came to the United States in 
ISGO, and his wife in 1SC4, and they were mar- 
ried at Omaha, Neb., in ISGS. His death oc- 
curred at Omaha, in November, 1S97, when he 
was sixtj--one years old. Mrs. Dahlstrom sur- 
vives and makes her home with her daughter, 
Mrs. Erikson. The latter was educated in the 
common and high schools of Omaha. Four chil- 
dren were born to Mr. and Mrs. Erikson : Leon- 
ard, Marie, Stanley, and Caryl, born October 21, 
191.'?, seven months after her father's death. 

Mr. Erikson held membership in the Illinois 
Athletic, the Tress, The Advertising >[en's and 
the Swedish clubs, all of Chicago. He was a 



y 



I * i / 






i^-gt^.4^<^S^W^ 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



923 



membiT ot the King Oscar I.oO^'o of Masous, St 
Cecilia Cliapter, St. Hcruard Conuuauilery, a!.s-3 
a Sliriiier. lie was an atteiulaut of tbe L'ni- 
tarian cliurdi towttier witli his family. Mr. 
EriUson was a sreat lover of cliiUlreii and was 
very ipliilaiithiopic in an unostentatious way, 
never looVcin;; for praise, hut doing what lie did 
out of liis own kindness of heart, in many in- 
stan<es his faudly never knowing of his good 
deeds until told of tliem after his death hy those 
who bad benefited by them. Mr. Erikson was a 
lueiulior of the Chicago School Board and at bis 
death the lioard ordered tbe flags be at half- 
staff on every public school building in the city 
for ten days as a mark of respect to his mem- 
ory, and a special committee was appointed to 



attend to the proper details relative to the 
funeral and drafting of resolutions. This com- 
mittee was composed of Joliu J. Sonsteby, 
Charles Sethness and William Uothmauu. Mr. 
Erikson passed away JFarch 15, lf>13, and the 
funeral was held at his late residence, 5439 
Magnolia avenue, on March 10, and interment 
was made at Rosehill. He was buried with 
Masonic honors and tlie prelate of King Oscar 
Lodge olliiiated. The floral offerings of tbe 
Chapter, Couimandery and Shrine were most 
beautiful. The members of the Board of Edu- 
cation were in attendance, as well as a large 
concourse of relatives and friends who knew and 
loved this truly good man, whose passing leaves 
a void not easily filled. 



JOHX ELLIS GILMAX. 



During the jjast forty-two years Dr. John 
Ellis Ciilman has been enj,-agcd in the practice 
of mnlicine at Chicago, 111., and by his devotion 
to the duties of his profession, his close study 
and his pronounced skill, has won a lil)eral and 
rejiresontative practice. His talents and execu- 
tive ability have gained him recognition, espe 
dally among his fellow physicians in the school 
of Homeopathy, of which he is an honored advo- 
cate. He has maintained throughout his entire 
career a liigh standard of professional ethics 
anil honorable principles. 

or a family conspicuous for strong intellect, 
indomitable courage and honesty of purpose, 
Dr. Gilman was brought up amid the surround- 
ings of a cultured home. He was born at Har- 
n)on, a suburb of Marietta, Ohio, July 24, 1S41, 
a son of Dr. John Calvin and Elizabeth C. 
(Fay) Gilman. Owing to the fact that his 
father was a skilled physician. Dr. Gilman, the 
son, perhaps, naturally turned towards the prac- 
tice of njcdiciue. He attended the public schools 
of Marietta, and studied his early professional 
lessons under the guidance of his father, and 
when, at the age of seventeen years, his father 
ilii'iJ. he continued his medical studies under 
an elder brother, also a distinguished member 
of the profession at Marietta. Later be pur- 
sued his studies under Dr. George Hartwell, of 
T(jledo, Ohio, and continued und^-r his pre- 
cc|itorship until matriculating in the Ilahno- 
niann Medical College, of Chicago, where he 
took the entire course, being graduated tbere- 
fi->m in 1S71 with the degree of M. D. Soon 
thereafter he began the practice of medicine 
at Chicago and has continued in active practice 



here ever since. He was the first physician to 
offer his services for relief of sufferers in the 
great fire of 1S71, and was appointed by the 
Relief and Aid Society secretary of its com- 
mission on sick and hospitals. He held the 
chair of physiology, sanitary science and hy- 
giene, and afterwards the chair of materia 
medica in the Hahnemann Medical College of 
Cliicago from 1SS4 to IfKM, when he was retired 
with the title of professor emeritus. In 1906 
he introduced the X-ray in therapeutic practice, 
and afterwards used it in treating cancers, per- 
forming the first surgical operation in which 
the X-ray was ever used. For years his inter- 
est in Hahnemann Medical College has been 
profound, and he not only has given it his 
valuable services as phy.sician, surgeon and in- 
structor, but has wielded his facile pen in its 
support and that of the school of medicine which 
it represents. In addition to his expert medical 
articles. Dr. Gilman contributed regularly for 
many years to both the Evening Post and the 
Evening Journal, of Chicago, and was assistant 
editor of the Chicago Art Journal and editor- 
in-chief of Tbe Clinirpie. While he writes as a 
man of science whose studies have led him far 
afield In the world of profound thought, he is 
sufficiently a master of the art of letters to 
present his subjects in an easy, entertaining 
style that has won for him widespread popu- 
larity as an author. It is not given to many 
men to excel in so many divergent lines, but 
Dr. Gilman has found time to indulge his love 
for tlie fine arts, and was mainly instrumental 
in building up and maintaining the old Crosby 
Opera House Art Gallery. For years he has 



924 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



been an laiuorwl niomlier of the C'liicajio Press, 
the Chicago Athletic and the Tah tte and Chisel 
clubs. He holds to the highest of ideals iu his 
professional service and his work is character- 
ized by a cuiiscientious devotion to duty and a 
display of knowledge that is remarkable. His 
work has brought liim before the people of Chi- 
cago iu a way that will not easily be forgotten. 



and he has never been found lacking in any of 
the essentials of the truly great man. 

In IStJO Dr. Oilman was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary D. Johnson, a daughter of 
William Johnson, of Westborough, Mass. Dr. 
and Mrs. Oilman have liad one sou, William T., 
who is also numbered among the eminent phy- 
sicians of Chicago. 



hp:xr\^ baird favill. 



Where aspiration is gratified and every ambi- 
tion gained, it is not unnatural for effort to ter- 
minate and energy to lose itself in indolence. 
The possibilities of successful attainment, how- 
ever, continually act as an incentive to the ex- 
ercise of persevering effort and it is found in 
nearly every case that those individuals who 
have reached the highest places iu public 
esteem and a position of recognized inlluence in 
the professional or business world are those who 
have apiilicd tliemselves to continuous study and 
close application. The able, the prosperous and 
the most prominent men are not as a rule those 
who start out with the ambition to achieve 
something phenomenally great, but tlio.se who, at 
the outset of their careers, place a just valu- 
ation upon honor, integrity and high Ideals of 
citizenship. Those qualities formed the capital 
of Dr. Henry Baird Favill, of Chicago, when he 
entered upon his professional duties, and with 
this as a foundation he has built up an envi- 
able reputation in the ranks of his chosen call- 
ing. Step by step he has kept pace with the 
advancements which have marked the spirit of 
progress in the medicjil profession, and, while 
classed among Chicago's later physicians, he is 
also numbered among the most able and eflicieiit, 
owing to the fact that his thorough training, 
his inherent inclination and his constant study 
of methods and discoveries of this and other 
countries have placed him jireeniinent among the 
men who have devoted their whole energies to 
the alleviation of the sufferings of mankind. 

Dr. Favill was horn August 14, ISW, at Mad- 
ison, Wis., and is a son of Dr. John and Louise 
(Eaird) Favill. He was given a liberal and 
thorough education, and doubtless inherited his 
Inclinations for the profession from his father. 
On completing his elementary course, he entered 
the University of Wisconsin, where he com- 
pleted the classical course and was graduated 
from that institution with the class of 18S0, 
receiving tlie degree of Bachelor of .-Vrts. Owing 
to the fact that his father was a prominent and 



skilled physician. Dr. Favill was brought up 
under the environments of the profession and 
the training and discipline were valuable to him 
during the formative period of his life. In early 
boyhood he decided to follow in the footsteps 
of his father and eagerly embraced every op- 
portunity which would qualify him for profes- 
sional service. Soon after completing his lit- 
erary education, he matriculated iu Itush Med- 
ical College, Chicago, in which he took a thor- 
ough course, and was graduated from this insti- 
tution in 1st:), receiving the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. His standing in his class may be 
Inferred from the fact that when a vacancy oc- 
curred on the staff of internes of the Cook 
County Hosi>ital during his senior year, he was 
appointed to fill the position. Returning to 
Madison, Wis., he then engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession with his father, and 
when the latter passed away, some eight months 
later. Dr. Henry B. Favill continued in prac- 
tice alone. He was for three years connected 
with the law school of the University of Wi.s- 
consin. as lecturer on medical jurisprudence. 
In 1S'J3 lie accepted in\-itations from the Chi- 
cago I'olycliuic and Rush Medical College to 
come to this city and fill the respective chair.s 
of medicine and of adjunct professorship of 
medicine in tliose institutions. At the same time 
he entered upon private practice in tlie city and 
has since continued therein with marked suc- 
cess. In ISDS Dr. Favill was chosen to fill the 
Ingalls professorship of preventive medicines 
and therapeutics in Rush Medical College, and 
in lOTO was appointed professor of therapeutics 
and as attending physician at St. Luke's, I'as- 
savant Memorial and Augustana hospitals. His 
work in this connection is important, while his 
private practii/e and consultations are o.xten- 

Dr. Favill is a member of the American Acad- 
emy of Medicine, the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, the Illinois State Metlieal Society, the 
rhysicians' Club of Chicago, the Chicago Path- 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



925 



oIofTical Society, the Wiseousin State Medical 
Society and uuii>cro>is other urjaiuzations. He 
lias been president of the ChicajJio TulteiTidos^is 
Institute for six years. He was president of the 
Chicago Medical Society in 1007 and l!XtS; w.is 
chairman of the council on health and imMio 
Instruction of the American Medical Associa- 
tion ; president of the National Society for .Men- 
tal HyKicne, and has held various other impor- 
tant offices. Both as a public speaUer and a 
writer, Dr. Favill is clear and forceful, ond 
while not a prolific author, some of his publi- 
cations are recognized as among the mos-t val- 
uable contributions to tJie literature of the pro- 
fession. Among the best knowi) of these are : 
"Treatment of Chronic Nephritis" (15>!17) ; 
"Treatment of Arterio-Sclerosis" (1S9S) ; '-Mod- 
ern Methods of Medical Instruction" (ISSS) ; 
"Toxic Correlation" (1S9S) ; and "Rational 
Diagnosis" (ISOO). Dr. Favill has rendered a 
great service to the profession and to the pvib- 
11c in his constant labors for the eievation of 
the professional and ethical standard of his 
calling. By reason of his position as medical 
educator and as an officer or member of some 
of the most influential medical organizations, he 
hns had unusual opportunities for exerting his 
liiMueiico for the elevating of his calling, and 
his nccumiilishmonts in this direction constitute, 
I-crhaiis, his greatest contribution ^■J the med- 
ical histcry of his time. 

Dr. Favill served for some years as president 
of the City Club of Chicago, an organization 
numbering 2,000 members, having as its mala 
Iiurpose the investigation and improvement of 
municipal conditions and public affairs In Chi- 
cago. During his administration, the club com- 
pleted a splendid new home on Plymoiith court 
and Is now in a highly prosiierous condition. 
He has also served as a member of the civic 



industrial committee of the Chicago Association 
of Couimcrcf, a coiiimittee which has always 
been active and effective in its specified work. 
For three yoar.^ he was president of the Jlunic- 
ipal Voter."/ T.eague, an influential organization 
working for an honest and efficient city coun- 
cil, iind wa.s one of the first directors of the 
Bureau uf I'iiblic I-^fficieucy, organized for the 
purpose of Improving the etheiency of local gov- 
erimienlal agencies. In the charitable field he 
has niwnys been active. He is now a director 
of the United Charities and is associated with 
the iiji'.ii.igement of various other charitable and 
I'hilantKropI-.' organizations of the city. 

Dr. Favill wai married in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
in IbSo, to Miss Su.san Cleveland Pratt and to 
this union one child v.as born : John, a grad- 
uate of Yale University and of Harvard Med- 
ical Schfvol. -Mrs. Farill is well known in social 
cir<-U'i; of the North side. She takes an active 
and interested part in the charitable and social 
work, and is a woman of much refinement and 
g-race of manner. Her friends are to be found 
all Over the city, having been drawn to ber by 
an appreciation of her many admirable qual- 
ities of mind and heart. Dr. Favill is well 
known In club circles, being a valued member 
of the University, the City, the Commercial and 
the Saddle and Sirloin clubs. Besides his pro- 
fessional work, he is interested, to quite an ex- 
tent, in stock farming and stock raising, and 
owns a fine tract of land near Madison, Wis., 
where he is developing a herd of pure-bred Hol- 
slein cattle. A man of scholarly tastes, of 
genial temperament and kindly disposition. Dr. 
Favill holds an enviable position in the fstccm 
<if tho'ie with whom he comes into contact by 
reason of his irreproachable life, as well as by 
his professional attainments and success. 



RUSSELL BKOUCIITOX. 



The art of healing is as old as man, but it has 
been given to moderns to penetrate into the 
mysteries of Divinity, and comprehend that 
much that onee was accounted criminal and de- 
praved is but the outcome of ill health, and 
should be carefully treated as such. Especially 
is this true with regard to drug and liquor ad- 
dictions. Once, not so long ago, the victims of 
cither habit were ostracized, set apart as some- 
thing to be shunned, but now, owing to the 
beneficent teachings of some of the medical fra- 
ternity who were Christ-like in their forgiving 



methods, these ailing ones are tenderly treated 
and brought back into the paths of right living 
and healthy habits. Among those for many 
year.-: associated with this magnificent work of 
reclamation, carried on in a practical manner, 
none stood higher than the late Dr. Russell 
Hroughton, who from 1001 until his lamented 
death in 1012, was at the head of the sanitarium 
bearing his name at Rockford. 

Dr. Broughton was born May IC, 1S42, at 
Rr'cine, Wis., and died at his sanitarium in 
Rockford, 111., April 4, 1012. He was a son of 



926 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLIXOIS. 



John and Amanda (Critliu) liroiighton, natives 
of Iloosic, Kensselaor County, X. Y., where the 
father was horn May 0, ISIG, and the mother 
March S, 1820. Tlie former passed away at his 
home in Alliany, Wis., April 2S, IsOi), hut his 
widow survives, having attained to tlie re- 
markable age of ninety-three years. She makes 
her home at Brodhead, Wis. She and her hus- 
band were pioneers of Green County, Wis. 

Like so many men who afterwards attained 
to distinction, Dr. Broughtou was a farmer's 
boy, and spent his youth working on his 
father's bome.stead. lie attended the public 
schools, and took a course in Bryant & Strat- 
tou's Commercial College before commencing 
his study of medicine in Evansville. Wis., 
with Drs. J. M. Evans and C. M. Smith. 
Entering Rush Medical College, Clii<ago, he took 
the course there, and was graduated therefrom 
with his degree in 1S(J0, and for many year.-; 
was actively engaged in a general practice at 
Brodhead, Wis. In the meanwhile bis attention 
was directed towards that branch of his iiro- 
fession in which he later became so eminent a 
specialist, and in 18U0 ho went to Dwight, 111., 
to become associated with the Leslie E. Keeley 
Institute at that jilace. For the ne.xt decade 
he was one of the leading meuiliers of the 
faculty, devoting much time and study to 
nervous di.seases, especially those caused by the 
excessive use of stimulants and drugs, gaining 
an experience that could hardly be eipialed. 
In 1901 he came to Itockford, and for a short 
period was identified with the liansom Sani- 
tarium, but soon cstal)lished the one that bears 
liis name, and continued as its active head until 
death claimed him after sixty-nine useful 
years. 

The Dr. Brougliton Sanitarium (incoriMj- 
rated) is beautifully located on Jiock River, 
and is designed for the treatment and cure of 
opium and other drug addictions, including al- 
cohol and special nervous disea.'ies. It is at No. 
2007 South Main street, and the grounds com- 
prise twelve acres, with a frontage of 400 feet 
along the river. The .sanitarium building is 
one of the finest and most comfortalile in the 
country. It has a stone foundation, and is 
three stories in height. The ca[ntcity of the 
institution is forty-four patients, it being Dr. 
Broughton's policy to accept a linuted number 
so as to give all bis personal attention, and 
this will be nnaintained by his succesisor. Dr. 
George A. Weirick, formerly his assistant, now 
in full charge. There is a commodious annex 



to the main huibiing .-aid others will be added 
as UL-eded. 

It was Dr. I'.roiigliton's coutentloii, and he 
admirably carried out thi.-- th-ory in his prac- 
tice, that opium, morphiae, alcohol, heroin, 
Jiyoscine, codeine, cocaine, chloral and other 
toxie drugs habitually u.sed, produce diseases 
which readily yield to 'Jioderu methods and sys- 
tematic treatmc'it; that the so-calied craWng 
or desire for alcoholic stimulants, in the aver- 
age case, i.s easll.v corrected, without shock, in 
two or three days, by a system of nou-alcohollc 
ni>'d)Ci!tio:i : and, in about three weeks, each 
patient is restored t.i a condition of health 
characteristic of hinjself. 

r»r. Brougliton was a man wlu. ever was alive 
to the cal'.-i of humanity and patriotism. He 
w;is a veteran of the Civil war, enlisting in 
May. isij-i. in Comiiany C, Fortieth Wisconsin 
Aolunte^r Ijifantry, at Milton, Wi.s. His cou- 
n.^-tioa Milli the W. \V. I'attou Tost, G. A. li., 
at Brodhead, Wis., wa.s a source of pleasure to 
him, and was never severed. Although he left 
Brodhead, he maintained his a.ssociation with 
many Interests there, and kept a warm place 
in his haart for those with whom he was aftil- 
iated for so many years. Dr. Broughton, at the 
time of bis demise, belonged to the Winnebago 
Medical Society, the Illinois State Jledical So- 
ciety, and tile American Medical Association. 
While at Brodhead he belonged to Bicknell 
Lodge, A. F. & A. SL, and was also connected 
with Evansville Chapter, of Evansville, Wis. 
For four years he gave valuaijle service as a 
member of the L'nited States Board of Pen- 
sions, being exandner at Brodhead. 

In ]s(iO Dr. Broughton was united in mar- 
riaL-e with .Tulia A. Smiley, at Albany, Wis., she 
bi-iuj a (l:iu;;liter of tlie Hon. Daniel Smiley. 
Dr. Bniuu'btoii is .survived by the following 
children: William S., in the treasury de- 
liartment at Wasliin.'ton, D. C. ; and James 
i:., of Parker. Ariz.: as well as by his 
brnthers ar,d sisters. John, Albert, Eugene, Mrs. 
D. .M. F.ntield, .Mr.s. Hannah Peed and Mrs. Hat- 
tic i;raliam, and bis aged mother. Dr. Brougli- 
lou v.as a conscientious memlier of the Baptist 
chunli. havin- attiliated himself with tliat de- 
nomination at P.rodhead. Wis. Tlie funeral 
services were rouducted liy the Itev. R. B. 
Davidvun u{ tlic Fir.v1 Paptist Cliunh of Rock- 
ford, wliili- reiin'sentatives rnuii Patton Post, 
G. A. l;.. and P.i.kndl I.,mK'c. A. F. & A. M., 
were iircscnt. and ioil,i\,..d tlic remains to Green- 
wood Cemetery, wbd'e W. .V. Loveland deliv- 



r 



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f-. 



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L 



^^U,.^^,,,^i,.,.^.j^:M^i 



fl. fj '^ '^^^ ^1^'^ ^•n^-l'^^ 



niSTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



927 



ered au oration in behalf of the Masonic fra- 
ternity. Mrs. IJroiightou dioj October I'J, 1914. 
With the interment of all that was mortal of 
ItusscU Bruughton in the beautiful cemetery 
ended Lis career as a mortal, but the iutluenee 
of his magnificent work will never cease. All 
over this broad laud are men and women who 
remember his name in their niglitly prayers, 
and cherish a reverential love of the tender, 
wise physician who raised tliem from their 
moral degradation and placed them where their 



Maker had intended them to be. The life of 
such a man cannot now be correctly estimated. 
The good he accomplished in his less than three 
score years and ten is accumulative, and will 
increase with each succeeding year. While gone 
from this human life, he has left behind him 
an institution that will continue his life work, 
and cause a perpetual remembrance of his 
charity, kindness and love of humanity that is 
the most lasting memorial a man can secure. 



ALFEED T. EIDE. 



Where aspiration i^ satiated and every aim 
realized, effort ceases and enterprise loses itself 
in torpid inactivity. The chances of successful 
attainment, however, continually encourage the 
exercise of perseverance and energy, and it is 
usually found that the individuals who have 
reached a position of influence in their various 
lines of endeavor, and who stand highest in 
public esteem, are those who have devoted them- 
selves assiduously to close study and applica- 
tion. Perhaps not all who stand foremost in 
the business or professional world began their 
careers with the expectation of accomplishing 
great things, but those who have accomplished 
them have placed just valuation upon honor, 
probity and energy. Those qualities formed 
a part of the capital with which Dr. Al- 
fred T. Eido entered upon his career in the 
prolific field of medicine, in which he has won 
for himself a reputation of an enviable nature 
among the younger- members of his honored call- 
ing in Chicago. This city has always been 
distinguished for bigh rank in medicine and 
surgery. The profession liere represented has 
Dumiiered among its members many men whose 
work has gained for them national prominence, 
and Doctor Eide may be said to be strictly 
representative of the physicians of the Illinois 
metropoli.s. 

Alfred T. Eide was born at Morris, 111., Octo- 
biT 5, I'S."?, a son of EUing Eide. who, for years 
was largely instrnu'cntal in building up the 
Eogan Square and Humboldt Park divisions of 
the northwest side of the city. Elling Eide 
was born in Bergen, Norway, July 11, 1S59, and 
came to the I'nited States in ISTS, settling at 
Morris, 111., when a young man of nineteen years. 
There he married Martha Erickson who was 
also a native of Norway, and they became the 
parents of five children: Alfred T., Bertha C, 
who is living at home with her parents ; Violet, 



who is a gradu:ite of the Chicago Conservatory 
of Music, and is now teaching that art in this 
city ; Iver O., who was for some time a student 
under his brother, and is now studying at the 
Chicago College of Medicine and Surgery; and 
Irwin, who is deceased. 

As a lad of sis years. Alfred T. Eide became 
a pupil in the old Talcott school on the west side 
of Chicago, where ho jiursued his studies until 
nine years of age, when his parents removed to 
the Logan Square district and in that locality 
he continued his education to the age of four- 
teen years. He then left school and for one 
and one-half years was in the employ of the 
Chicago grocery firm of Charles Slack & Com- 
pany, leaving that place to accept a position in 
the ofllce of Cyrus II. McCormick, president of 
the McCormick Harvester Company, where he 
continued until 1001. At that time he fully de- 
cided to make the practice of medicine his 
life work, and acconlingly went to Valparaiso, 
Ind., where he entered the university as a 
student in the prer>aratoi-j- and scientific depart- 
ments. He continued his studies there for two 
years and had he remainefl for four months 
longer would have received the degree of Bach- 
elor of Science. In 1904, however, ho entered 
the Chicago College of Jfedicine and Surgery, 
and was graduated from this institution with 
the degree of Doctor of ^^edicine in 190S. Soon 
afterwards he opened an office on Logan Square, 
where he continued in the general practice of 
me<licine and surgery until 1910. At that time 
he removed to No. 4019 Milwaukee Avenue, in 
order to bo near the plant of the Sellers Manu- 
facturing Company, for wliich he was chief sur- 
geon. He has maintained an oftlce at this ad- 
dress to the present time, and enjoys a large 
private practice, being regardeil as one of the 
leading memlK^rs of the profession on the north- 
west side of the city. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Doctor Eide is well kiiowu iu maiiy fraternal 
coi.uectious. He bclougs to tlie Kui^'litb of 
Pytbias and the Iridei>endent Order of Odd 
Fellows, holds niembership in the Ivni^'hts of 
the Wlute Cross, the Sons of Norway, the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, the Koyal League, 
the "Woodmen of the World and the Tribe of 
Ben Ilur, and also is affiliated with tlie Deutsche 
Guild. lie helonss likewise to the rro;,'ressive 
Club and to the Alpha Nu Chapter of the Thi 
Delta, of which he was one of the organizers. 
He is a director of the Fraternity House Asso- 
ciation and a member of the Chicago Medical 
Society. His father is a thirty-second degree 
Mason and a Shriner and his mother and sisters 
arc members of the Eastern Star. The Doctor 
Is serving as medical examiner for the local 
camp of the Woodmen of the World and the 
Modern Woodmen of America, the Sons of Nor- 
way and the Knights of the VTiiitc Cross. He 
giver, stalwart allegiance to the Trogrossive 



party, and his religious faith is that of the 
Methodist church. He has always enjoyed out- 
of-door sports, and for three yours was a mem- 
ber of the college football team. He greatly 
enjoys travel and his interests reach out along 
the broader lines that are not confined by the 
local limitations of one's home district. Doctor 
Eide keeps in touch with the trend of modern 
thought and progress, having ooe of the largest 
and most uivto-date complete X-Ray equipments 
in Chicago, and doing research work along the 
lines of stereoscopy, and not only takes deep 
interest in matters in the strict path ot his 
profession, but also along other progressive chan- 
nels. From his earliest boyhood, he has made 
the most of every opportunity which has pre- 
sented itself, and his career has been marked 
by constant advancement. Few men today 
stand higher in the estimation of the profession 
in Chicago, and none in the esteem of the gen- 
eral public. 



ALBERT BLAKE DICK. 



One of the distinguishing features of Chicago 
is the location here of firms devoted to the ex- 
clusive manufacture of certain patented articles. 
In former days all the larger interests of the 
country were centered in the East, but this 
metropolis of the Middle West has proven itself 
the logical center of distribution, and conse- 
quently many of the level-headed business men 
of the country are establishing their plants in 
close proximity to the unsurpassed transiwr- 
tation facilities both by the lakes or over the 
many suburban railroad systems which con- 
verge here. A firm that for many years has 
been firmly founded and has a clear field is that 
of the A. B. Dick Company, manufacturers of 
Thomas A. Edison's mimeographs and sniiplies. 
Of this concern the leading factor is its execu- 
tive head, Albert Blake Dick, whose life Is 
given in brief review in this article. 

Albert Blake Dick was born in Bureau County, 
111., April 10, IS.'O, a son of Adam and Kebecca 
(Wible) Dick, who removed to Galesburg, 111., 
in 1803, when he was a child. There ho received 
his educational training, but his real expe- 
riences came after he started out in life for 
himself as ho necessarily early learned to be 
self-reliant. Tn ls72 he entered as an employe 
the firm of George W. Brown and Company, 
manufacturers of agricultural implements, at 
Oalesburg. and remained with that concern un- 
til 1S79, when he became associated, in the same 



line of business, conducted by Deere & .Mansur 
Company, of Moline, 111., remaining for four 
years, and during the latter part of this period 
also was a partner in the Moline Lumber Com- 
pany. In 1SS3 he established his present com- 
pany as a lumber concern, under the caption of 
A. F!. Dick and Company, with headquarters at 
Chicago. This name continued until he incor- 
porated the business in April, 1S.S4, as the A. B. 
Dick Company, of which he was made presi- 
dent, and is also its treasurer, and a member 
of the board of directors. When the lumber 
Interest was sold in 18S7, the attention of the 
corporation was turned towards the production 
of Mr. Edison's patents, and it is now the ex- 
clusive manufacturer of both the mimeographs 
and supplies. In addition to liis connection 
with the company that bears his name, Mr. 
Dick is a director of the Buda Company, and 
the National City Bank. He is a trustee of Lake 
Forest Eniversity, and was treasurer of that 
institution for eight years. 

On January 2."), ISSl, Mr. Dick was married 
at Galesburg, 111., to Miss Alice S. Mathews of 
that city, who died May 2.?, ISSo. They had 
one daughter, Mabel E. In June, 1002, Mr. 
Dick was married at Geneva, Switzerland, to 
Miss Mary Henrietta Mathews, of Galesburg, 
111., and they have had four children : Albert 
E.Iake, Jr., Charles Mathews, Edison, and Shel- 
don. 



V 






X: 



(^^.\l^(...-cJ^^t-^<--^ 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



929 



For more tlum thirty years Mr. DieU has 
been associated with the conjmercial interests 
of C'hiiago, and has always maintained the high 
standard lie raised at the liegiuuiDg of his 
career, that of never profiting by any dishon- 
esty, and of giving to every man his full due. 
lie Is a memtier of the Chicago, University, 
City and Oinventsia dulis. A man of broad 
ideas, he endeavors to carry them ovit not only 



in his business life, but as pertaining to his 
civic duties, and no man is more willing to 
extend a helping hand to those less fortunate 
than he. Surrounded liy the elevating in- 
fluences of a luii)py liome, supported by the tried 
friendship of a number of his associates, Mr. 
Dick-s life is a full one. and his genial influence 
is felt wherever he is known. 



WALTER ALLEN DANIELS. 



In some men the business sense is remarkably 
dcveloiK?d, and tlirough it they reach an em- 
inence not attained by those who try to control 
affairs for which they have no aptitude. It is 
now generally recognized that no one reaches 
unusual success who works against his natural 
inclinations, and when competition Is so stren- 
uous, men need every assistance that developed 
talent can give in order to take profitable ad- 
vantage of offered opportunities and to be able 
to develop legitimate business chances. Espe- 
cially Is this true in Chicago, where, although 
the field of oiwratiou is broad, the rivalry is 
intense, and the man v,-ho distances others must 
be on a constant strain to win the race of life. 
.Such a man was the late Walter A. Daniels, 
wliose activities along several channels made 
his name ii well known one in Chicago business 
circles. 

Walter A. Daniels was born at Milford, Mass., 
June 2S, 1802, a son of Newell and Isabelle O. 
(.Stone) Daniels, the latter of whom was in the 
direct line of descent from John Alden, familiar- 
ized by Longfellow's poem, "The Courtship of 
Miles Standish." Until he was thirteen years 
old, ilr. Daniels attended school in his native 
place, hut at that age was brought west by his 
parents, to Jlilwaukee, Wis., and at sixteen 
years of age, he came to Chicago to become a 
student in the Chicago Art School. Being a 
resident of Chicago at the time of the great fire 
of 1871, he was unfortunately a victim and lost 
all he j.ossessed. Kealiziug that this city would 
not recover from the calamity for some time, he 
decided to seek another field and he went to St. 
I.ouis, JIo., thence to San Francisco, Cal., but 
soon returned to Chicago, and from tlien until 
his death, he made this city liis continuous 
home. 

Mr. Daniels was associated with Samuel I.. 
Crump Company, starting with the Lake;.ide 
I'rcss, of Cliicago, when it was located at Jack- 
son and Clark streets. Following this, he was 



one of the organizers of tlie Hinds Ketcham 
Company, of New York City, high class color 
printers, and represented his firm at Chicago 
as resident manager, while at the same time he 
acted for tlie -Milwaukee Lithographing Com- 
pany, of Milwaukee, Wis. His association with 
these firms resulted in his being cho.sen as resi- 
dent manager and a member of the board of 
directors of the United States Printing Coni- 
jiany, and in VMCi, he was made general sales 
manager for tliis same company, the position 
being created for him as a recompense for his 
faithful servic-e to the concern he had so ably 
represented. After two years, however, he re- 
tired from the printing business, which he had 
followed for forty-one consecutive years. His 
energy and love of action, however, forbade his 
remaining idle, and soon ho organized a great 
enterprise in the moving picture film industry, 
known as the National Waterjiroof Film Com- 
pany, of which he was president and general 
manager. He had successfully launched this 
company and placed it ujion a firm foundation, 
and then retired from its management, feeling 
content with his achievements. He w;as a man 
of unusiial abilities, and perhaps one of hi.s 
dominant characteristics all through his business 
life was Ills facility of attaching his employes to 
him and thereliy securing from them a « illing, 
faithful and cllicient service. He kept in close 
jxTsonal touch with them, and each man em- 
ployed by him felt tliat in Mr. Daniels he had 
a firm, cordial friend. He did more tlian this, for 
wlien he met a ynnm; man whom he recognized 
deserving, lie felt it his pleasure as well as a 
duty to rcmlcr him assistance, and many who 
t'Mbiy <icinpy re pnusilile jiositions or are at the 
hiad of liusiiHss ci'iicerns, owe their advance in 
life to tlie kiiHlly sympathy and generous prac- 
tical aid of Mr. Daniels. 

On Fetiruary 18, 1878, Mr. Daniels was mar- 
ried to Miss Joan K. Shane, who was born and 
reared at Pittsburgh, Fa., and came nf a 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



prominent Pennsylvniiia family of En^Misli 
descent Mr. Daulnls took great iileasure in liis 
home and was at his best witliin bis family 
circle. His interest centered there, and he was 
so content to spend his leisure moments in his 
home, that he took but little part in club or 
Ijolitical life. From boyhood he evinced his lo%-o 
of art and science, and carried out many of his 
ideas in his business. Cordial, sympathetic and 
broad in his views, Mr. Daniels was a man who 
nmde and retained many friends, and his com- 
petitors recognized his sterling worth and gave 
him credit for the unflinching integrity that 
would not permit him to stoop to any mean 
action or countenance anything that was un- 
worthy. His death occasioned deep regret among 
his business and social acquaintances. The 
funeral service was held at his late residence 
Ko. 4022 Sheridan Road, January 10, 101. j. 
The body was cremated at Graoeland Cemetery 
and Interred at Milwaukee. 



A contemporary review of him written at the 
time of his death reads in part as follows, and 
is a tilting close to tliis mention of his life: 

"To those of us who have known Mr. Daniels 
intimately and who have been concerned with 
the condition of his health for the past several 
weeks, this knowledge is not surprising, but to 
the vast number of his friends and acquaint- 
ances in the I31ni world, tlie news of his rather 
sudden death will conic as a shock. It was 
truly a great privilege to know W. A. Daniels. 
His dominant passions were his home and his 
friends. His love of both was ever apparent. 
From early boyhood he engaged in business on 
his own account .and prospered because of his 
abundant faith in mankind. He loved men. By 
the strict application of modern business rules, 
he amassed a considerable fortune and remained 
active in business for the pure love of the game, 
until about Thanksgiving of last year." 



WILLIAM LOWRY COPELAXD, 



There is no city in the world whose physicians 
stand higher than Chicago. These professional 
men have matured their natural ability, broad- 
ened their experiences and increased their 
knowledge until they stand at the apex of the 
men whose lives are spent in alleviating the 
ills of mankind. One of these men of wide- 
spread reputation is Dr. ATilliam Lowry Cope- 
land, who for thirty-five years has made Chi- 
cago his center of operations in his field of en- 
deavor, and contributed largely towards the 
city's pre-eminence. I»r. Copeland was born at 
St. Catharines, Out.ario, Canada, .Tanuary 7, 
1S51, a son of William Lowry and Deney 
Prudence (Moore) Copohmd. His literary train- 
ing was received in the public schools of his 
native city, while he prepared for -medical col- 
lege under Drs. Cross and Downey, leading 
physicians and surgeons of St. Catharines, this 
diseiiiline proving most valuable to him during 
those formative years. Later, as soon as ready, 
he matriculated in Mrflill College at .\r.)nlreal, 
and was graduated from that Institufiiui of 
learning, in 1S72, with his degrees of M. D.. C. 
.V. In addition he passed examination in On- 
tario College of I'hysicians and Surgeons the 
same year, and then spent a year in the London 
(losiiitals, where he obtained the degree of M. 
R. C. S., Fngiand. He afterwards served for 
several months as house surgeon in Reading 
(Berkshire) Hospital, and visited other hos- 



pitals in Great Britain and Ireland before re- 
turning to his homo at St. Catharines. Thus 
through close application, he obtained a com- 
prehensive knowledge both in surgery and ma- 
teria medica. Soon after returning home, he 
began a private practice at his birthplace, and 
was for five years physician and surgeon to the 
St. Catharines General and Marine Hospital. 
In 1S70, ho came to Chicago, and since then 
has given this city the benefit of his skill and 
knowledge. When the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons was established at Chicago, he became 
a member of the di.spcnsary staff and served in 
this capacity for five years. Dr. Copeland was 
further honored, in lSS-1, with the appointment 
of professor of anatomy in the College of Dental 
Surgery, and in 1802, was appointed one of the 
attending physicians to the Cook County Hos- 
pital. In 1000, he was made professor of 
anatomy in the Chicago College of Medicine and 
Surgery. Dr. Copeland has di.splayed a capa- 
bility along educational lines equal to his skill 
in the operating room, and he is ranked among 
the successful surgeons of the country. Pro- 
fessionally he is a member of the American 
Medical .Vssociation, the Chicago Jledical So- 
ciety, and the Therapeutic Club. In politics he 
is a Democrat. The Presbyterian church holds 
his membership and jirofits from hi.i generous 
contributions. The Ilnyal League and Xorth 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS 



931 



America n Lulon furuish lilin with fraternal 
relatious. 

In 1S75, Dr. Copelaml was married nt St. 
Catharines, Ontario, Cauafla. to Miss Mary St. 
John, a dau^j'hter of .sauiuol I-. ami Martha 
(Seaman) St. Jolui of St. Catliarines, ami they 
have had two dausliters, namely : Maud, who 
married C. A. Ileiiinm-r; and Kelie, who lo un- 
married and resides witli lier parents. In his 



general j.rictiee l»r. C<>i.ely;id maintains his 
office at No. 20 E. Washiustou street, where he 
has an extensive i^ud lucrative initronase. His 
home is at No. ai4,-i Warren avenue. Dr. Cope- 
land has Ions heeu v.i)aracteri/c-d as a man of 
hisrh ideals whose research work equals his 
e.xertion -.vi;!) regard to his practice. He is 
hroad-mindt.i and cnarlt.ible and one of the most 
hi;;hly rt-speded !i.emlic-rs of his [profession. 



GEORdE C. AMERSOX, 



When ambition has been satisfied and cacli 
separate aim fulfilled, there is no further in- 
centive to effort, and j)rogression ceases. Tnc 
possibilities of successful accomplishment, hov,-- 
ever, urge forward those who stand highest iu 
Iiublic esteem and have proven their right to 
be ranked among desirable citizens. Such men 
have unvaryingly given to their work cloPe. ap- 
plication and demonstrated their possession ot 
the characteristics of honor, integrity and de- 
termination. Such a man is Dr. George C. 
Amerson, who for a number of years has fig- 
ured among the eminent men of his profession. 
Up Is a worthy member of the Chicago medical 
friitiTnity and is reco'jnized as an able ph.v- 
hlii.ni and surgeon. He was l>orn at Chicago, 
Ni.Mjiil'.M- s, 1S77, a son of William and Matilda 
II. (S. Iiaubc!) Amerson, the father a native of 
Kngland, born in London, September 21, isll, 
and the mother a native of Tennsylvania. They 
were among the pioneers of Austin, Illinois, as 
they settled there when it was a mere village. 
There the father develoi)od into a successful 
business man and public official, serving very 
acceiitably for a number of years as a member 
of the school board and also as police magis- 
trate. Although now living retired, he keeps in 
close touch with civic matters, and can always 
be depended upon to support those measures 
that will advance the general welfare of his 
community. Mrs. Amerson died September 21, 
1006, when sixty-one years old. She and her 
husband were the parents of nine children, 
namely: John, Matilda, William II., Edmund 
J., Mary Ida, Harvey S., George C, Delia G., 
and Lucy II., of whom the first two are now 
deceased. 

Dr. Amerson attended the piiblie schools of 
Austin, and was graduated from its high 
school in the class of ISOS. Following this he 
entered the Homeopathic College of Chicago, 
and was graduated therefrom in 1002. Dr. 



Amerson the:; received an appointment as in- 
terne in the Coiik County Ilo.spital, and for 
eighteen njonths gave to his duties a faithful 
service, and gained a broad, varied and iiractical 
experience. .Still later, he took a post graduate 
course at the College of I'hysicians and Sur- 
geons, the medical department of the University 
of Illinois, and v^as graduated from the latter in 
1001. He tlieu began a general practice, thus 
i.-outinuing for three yc.irs on West Madison 
street, but since 1007 has linnted his practice 
to surgical work, for which he is eminently 
fitted. In 1011 the degree of A. M. was con- 
ferred upon him by Valparaiso University. His 
work and the skill he di.splayed in his opera- 
tions resulted In his appointment as attending 
surgeon of the Cook County Hospital and he 
held that otlice for seven years, his term expir- 
ing in January, 1013. He was also attending 
surgeon at the Frances E. Willard Hospital 
until October 1, 1013, when he resigned to ac- 
cept the position of staff surgeon to the West 
Side IIosi)ital of Chicago. He has been attend- 
ing surgeon to Garfield Park Hospital from 1004 
to date. Dr. Amer.son began teaching in the 
Chicago College of Medicine and Surgery in 
lOOr,, and is now professor of surgery iu that 
Institution. He has displayed a capability along 
educational lines equal to the skill which he 
manifests in the operating room, and is raiiidly 
forging his way to the front among the older 
surgiv.iis of the city. Dr. Amerson was made 
assistant surgeon, with the rank of captain of 
the Illinois National Guard, and was as- 
signed to the First Infantry. He belongs to 
the Chicago Medical Societ.v, the Illinois State 
Medical Society, the Tri-State Medical Societ.r, 
the Americ-an Medical Association, and the Na- 
tional Association of Military Surgeons. On 
January 1, 1012. ho was elected Grand Presid- 
ing Seni,>r of the I'ld Chi Medical Fraternity, 
the largest medical fraternity in the world, of 



932 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



^yhif■h he has heeu an active member for five 
years. He is also a member of the Hamiltou 
CJub of Chicago. 

On October 3. TJOi:. Dr. Amcrson was iinitea 
in marriaire with .Miss Isabel L. Cuyle, a 
daughter of Charles Coylo of Chica^'o, and tliey 
have a son, AVilliam Palmer, born Octolior 0, 
1907. Dr. Amerson holds meuiborship with Aus- 
tin Lodge No. 2.J0, A. F. & A. .M. ; witli the 
Tril)e of Ben Ilnr, and is also a nioniber of the 
Eoyal League. He is a Republican in political 



faith, and the Methodist Cliurch is his religious 
home. His recreation sports are lishing, hunt- 
ing, baseball, and similar outdoor entertain- 
ments, while he travels considerably. Holding 
to high ideals in his profession, Dr. Amerson 
devotes himself to his conception of duty, and 
lieeping himself fully abreast of current events, 
both in his profession and outside matters, is 
able to enlarge his field of accomplishment, and 
e.\ert a further iulluonce for moral uplift and 
the betterment of existing conditions. 



JOHN B. LENNOX. 



John B. Lennon, who is a member of The 
National Commission on Industrial Relations, 
was born in Wisconsin, October 12, 1S49. He 
is a very active and prominent labor leader. 
For twenty-four years lie was secretary of the 
Journeymen Tailors' National Union and resided 
for some years at Brooklyn, N. Y. Tn IStK) the 
headquarters were removetl to Bloomingtou, 111. 
During his long official connection in this body 
he rose rapidly in the estimation, not only of 
the union labor interests, but also of the best 
representatives of men of all political parties. 
He has now, for twenty-six years, been treas- 
urer of the National Federation of Labor, one of 



the strongest and most conservative of labor 
organizations. He has been exceedingly fortu- 
nate in retaining the confidence of the union 
labor organizations, and by his cautious, con- 
servative and wise advice has obbuned a re- 
marlcably high degree of general public confi- 
dence. This confidence was illustrated most 
emphatically Iiy President Taft, in 1912, who 
appointed Mr. Lennon to his present i)Osition, 
and tills confidence was, if possible, still further 
emphasized by President Wilson, who, in 1913, 
reaiipointed Mr. Lennon upon this commission, 
where ho has continued to merit general con- 
tiilence. 



EDWIN S^IITII CONDIT. 



Some men are horn optimistic, with a love of 
their fellows in their hearts, and are worliers 
who labor for the delight of accomrilisliment. 
Such men learn the lessons of life direct from 
the sources of contemporary knowledge. Mature 
years have no terrors for them because with 
them come added experience and multiplied 
ability to meet and conquer olistacles. The es- 
sentials which help to form real history are 
not always those which are emblazoned upon 
the pages of printed matter, but the everyday 
events, each one of which bears its part in the 
progress of the world. If it be truly said that 
all men are born equal, and commence their 
lives with the same opportunities, then indeed 
must credit be given those who forge so far 
ahead of others with whom, in the beginning, 
they were equal. One of the men who in his 
life exemplified the philosophy indicated above, 
and whose death left a community sorrowing, 
and large business interests suffering, was the 
late Kdwin Smith Condit of Chicago. 

Edwin Smith Condit was born at Centralia, 
111., August 2, ISoS, a son of Edwin Smith and 



Harriet Newton (Mitchell) Condit, the former 
born at Northville, N. Y., October 19, ISIS, and 
the latter at Parsippany, N. J. Edwin Smith 
Condit, Sr., was a lumber merchant and banker 
at the place of his birth, but soon after his mar- 
riage moved with his wife to East St. Louis, 
111., and six years later to Centralia, the same 
state. He became the o\>ner of the Condit 
Lumber Company, and president of the First 
National Bank of Centralia, which latter insti- 
tution later became the Old National Bank, and 
he was interested in other affairs of Centralia 
where his death occurred in 1901. 

Growing up at Centralia, Edwin Smith Con- 
dit, the younger, attended its excellent schools 
and later the Illinois University at Champaign, 
111., where he took a general course. Return- 
ing to Centralia, he went into the lumber busi- 
ness with his father, and also handled real 
estate extensively. Still later he was with 
the Old National Bank for many years, when 
he organized tlie Merchants State Bank of Cen- 
tralia, and in 1901, assumed the duties pertain- 
ing to its cashier. In 190f;, Mr. Condit came 



r 



*^M^... 










r;^ v:-^^ 



'^. '• S-' 










HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINX'IS. 



933 



to Chicago to beconif niaiianer of tlu> Southern 
Plantation Development CoiiipMny, arid was oao 
of the first men to force the (levelopmcnt of 
property values at Gary, Ind. In this work he 
fouiul congenial ai-tivily ami handled h-.TCi-- 
realty interests until his tleath, December IT, 
1911. 

On March li!, 1>^«.1. Mr. Condit vvas united In 
marriage with Miss Rena Trice I'ullen of Cen- 
tralia, a daughter of Burden and Lucilo 
(O'Broussier) (Gox) PuUen, natives of New 
Jersey and Kentucky, respectively. Mr. Pullen 
was born June S, 1S33, in Mercer County, X. J., 
but was taken to Middleton, O., in lSo9, by bis 
father, who was a fruit farmer. From that 
place, Mr. I'ullen came to Centralia in ISoO, 
making that city his home until his demise. 
Having been trained in raising fruit. .Mr. Vullen 
established himself as a fruit grower after 
coming to Centralia, and specialized in grow- 
ing strnwlierries and peaches. On December 
10, 1S57, ho married Lucile O. Ge.\-, who came 
of French descent, and they had nine children, 
namely : I.ucien C, ilrs. P.eua Condit, Mrs. 
Maud Abbott, Dlanebe, .Mrs. .May Jrarsli.ili, 
Fred, Rome B.. Burd G. and ilrs. Lillie Bed, 
the last named, Blanche and Mrs. Abbott lieing 
deceased. .Mrs. I'ullen died at Centralia, in 
IVJ], and on September V.i. 1803, Mr. Pullen 
married Mrs. Anna E. Russell of Clinton Coun- 
ty, III., who survived him. .^ir. I'ullen was a 
charter member of the First Baptist Church of 
Centralia, and was a man of deep religious 
convictions. First a Whig, Mr. Pullen later 
bociinio a Republican, and finally a Democrat, 
and served as vice-president of the State Board 
of Agriculture. He was one of the Commis- 
sioners appointed by Governor Altgeld to take 



charge of tiie Illinois exhibit at the World's 
Columbian ?:>:no5in^':i of IS'.'J, anil was chair- 
man of the Committee oa Horticulture and 
Floriculture. For twenty years he served on 
the State Board of Agriculture, retiring at the 
e.vpiration of that pervvi. lie was also a trus- 
tee of the University of Illinois, and was named 
as i.'hairman of the Committee on Clrounds. In 
a busine.-:s -,vay he ^ as eonnpi'teil as president 
with the Centralia Ico and Cold Storage Co., 
and assisted in the organization of the Mer- 
chants State Buck, which he also served aa 
president. The death of this representative cit- 
izen and high njibcl-rd Christian uuin occurred 
July l;S, 10]. 'J. 

JIf. Condit was a liepnblican, as was his 
fathcT, who served Centralia as police magis- 
trate from JS09 to 15SG, or a period of twenty- 
eight years, and he was also alderman, city 
coi lector, supervisor, and held other offices, 
as his judgment was valued and his services 
appreciated. His sor, w!k>sc name heads this 
revicv.-. did not aspire towards a public life. 
Both were very consistent in tlieir support of 
the Presbyterian church, to which they be- 
longed. The father was a Mason of thirty-four 
years" standing at the time of his death. The 
son was a member of the Chicago Athletic, 
South Shore and Colonial clubs of Chicago. In 
fraternal circles he was a Knight of Pythias 
and Elk. A man of parts, ho developed his 
natural capabilities, and assisted other.s in do- 
ing likewi::e. Mr. and Mrs. Condit became the 
parents of the following children: Julius 
Stvawn, who is engaged in a real estate busi- 
ness at Gillespie, 11!.; G. Pullen. who is also in 
a real estate business, at Gary, lud. ; and Cecil 
O., who is at hitme. 



KARL SCIiURZ YROO^LAX. 



Karl Schurz Vrooman was born at Macon, 
Mo.. (Utolier 2Z<, 1S72 ; was graduated at Har- 
vard University and also at O.'vford University, 
England. He has large landed interests in 
McLean County and his permanent home is in 
r.loomington. III. He has made a special study 
of social and governmental problems, and has 
given to the public, through son.e of our first 
class literary magazines and other publications, 
in the most charming and convincing manner, 
clearly illustrated ideas of advanced and ad- 



vancing thought and culture. Besides a number 
of other publications, he is author of "Taming 
of the Trusts," and of able palters upon the 
country's most iniix)rtant railroad problems. 
He appears likely to have a brilliant future. 
.Vt present (lOl.o) he is doing good work as first 
Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture, Wash- 
ington, D. C. His speeches and writing? are 
attracting increasing attention all over the 
United States. 



934 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



JAMES AUDUBON BUEHAXS. 



It is smnutiuics found that efforts die away 
aud euteriirise becomes eiiiiulfed iu inertia wlioii 
tlje individual jrains liis desired goal, wtiile, on 
the otber hand, the chances for successful attain- 
ment continually cncouraw the exercise of per- 
severance and enertiy. In almost every case, 
those who have reached the hi^'hest positions in 
public confidence and esteem, and who are 
accounted among the most influential in busi- 
ness aud professional lines are those whose lives 
have been devoted, without cessation, to deep 
study and close application. It is proliable that 
the law has been the main highway l)y which 
more men of merit have advanced to prominence 
and position in the United States than any other 
road, and it is not unusual to find among the 
leading citizens of a community a legal |>racti- 
tiouer. To respond to the call of the law, to 
devote every energy in this direction, to broaden 
and deepen every possible highway of liuowledge 
and to finally enter upon this chosen career and 
find its rewards worth while^snch has been the 
happy exixirience of James Audubon Burhaus, 
one of the leading legists practicing before the 
Chicago bar. Mr. Burhaus has gained honor and 
position iu his profession through the applica- 
tion of honesty, energy, perseverance, conscien- 
tiousness aud self-reliance, and has kept abreast 
of his calling in its constant advancement; but 
it is not alone as a lawyer that he is known to 
the people of his adopted city, for he has also 
attained distinction as a tinaucier, has con- 
tributed largely to literature, has numerous club 
connections, and, greater than all, perhaps, has 
given freely of his time, his money and his 
energies, in jiroinoting religious and charitable 
movements. 

James A. Burhans was boru on a farm in 
Laporte County, Ind., October 28, 1852, a son 
of I'eter and Martha Hunt (Andrews) liurhans, 
the former a son of William and Jane (DePew) 
Burhaus, formerly of Ulster County, N. Y.. and 
the latter a daughter of James 11. and ."^arah 
(Whitehead) Andrews, of Knglish ancestry. 
Both families were prominent in the colonial 
epoch of this country. A very complete and 
extensive genealogy of the Burhans family was 
published about the year ISSO, tracing the de- 
scent of nearly all of the name in this country 
back to the jirogenitor, one Jacob Burhans, who 
came from Holland in 1U€0. William Burhans 
was a farmer by occuiiation, and was one of the 



p.-oMiinent and inlluential men of the day aud 
locality in which he lived. 

The youthful days of James A. Burhans were 
spout upon a i;irii'. iu LuUe County, Ind., to 
which his parents liad moved when he was a 
child; and iieis he (rrev.- to maturity, well 
nourished by the plain but hardy fare and 
strengtheutQ hy tl'.e lalvorious duties attached 
to farm life. Tie secured bis early literary 
training in the public schools, and this was 
latfr sujiplenientod by a course in the business 
co":!:'.;e at > alparaist*. Ind., and by four years of 
study in De I'auw University. Greencastle, Ind., 
from \\hich he was graduated i:i ISTo, with the 
degree of Bachelor ot Arts. He at once entered 
uiioii a careful preparation for the practice of 
law as a student in the Northwestern University 
law scboo"., Chicago, which, iu I'^T", conferred 
upon him the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Sub- 
seQUPhtly he received from De l'a\iw University 
the hc-iiorary degree of Master of Arts. Long 
previous to the completion of his college course, 
he had entered upon the profession of teaching, 
obtaining his first school wheu eighteen years of 
age. In following that profession, he largely 
secured the funds necessary for the acquirement 
of his own education, yet other labors during 
his college days and the summer vacations also 
hcliied to supiily the funds. While pursuing his 
law course, he worked and slept in a Chicago 
law oUice. The elemental strength of his char- 
acter was thus shown in his determination to 
secure advancement and the means cm[iloyed 
thereto. Immediately followiug his graduation, 
Mr. Burhans opened a law office in Chicago, 
where he has since been engaged in practice. He 
has made substantial progress as a member of 
the bar, specializing iu the department of law 
relating to real estate nud municipal bonds, and 
in his field of practice he has largely been re- 
garded as an authority and has secured an ex- 
tensive clientage. His contributions to legal 
literature include "The Law of Municipal Bonds, 
and a Digest of the Statutorj- Laws Governing 
the Investment of Corporate and Trust Funds," 
imblished in ISS'J. This work was accepted and 
used as an authoritative handbook by many 
state departmeuts, especially in tlie eastern and 
Xew England states, iu their examinations in 
passing on the investments of savings banks, 
trust companies, insurance companies, etc. He 
has for many years been one of the rec-ognized 
authoriti(>s on municipal bond laws, his practice 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



935 



in that line and examinations as attorney for 
leudini; bond broliers and liaiiUers in Cliiea;,'0 
and otlier cities coverln- niiinicipal bond issnes 
from almost every state iu the I'niou, ineluding 
many lar^ro issues, extending into the millions. 
In addition to his activity in connection with his 
profession, Mr. Bnrhans is also interested in the 
real-estate and mortpiL'e loan business, originally 
ns a member of the tirm of .VIulre^vs & Hurhans, 
later Andrews, Hnrhans A: Cooper, and after- 
ward Cooper & Itiirhans. 

On October 7, 1870, at Valparaiso, Ind., Mr. 
I'.urlians ^^■as married to Miss Jessie I'ierpont 
Smith, of that city. They have no children of 
their own, but a son of a deceased brother was 
adopted and educated by theui. Dr. I'ercy A. 
Jiiirhans. now a practicini' dentist at Tulsa, OkUi., 
who in 1005 married Daisy McDonald of Chi- 
cago. Tliey also provided a home and assisted 
In the support of a number of other orphan 
relatives. Throughout their entire lives they 
have licen guided by a siiirit of helpfulness that 
has found tangible expression in many gcwd 
deeds. 

The legal and financial concerns, the ediua- 
tional, political, charitable and religious inter- 
ests, which constitute the chief features in the 
life of every city, have all prospere<l by the sup- 
[xirl and ciMiperation of James Audubon P.ur- 
li.nns. While he has won distinction in the law 
and made valuable oo'.itriliutions to legal litera- 
ture, his life has never been self-centered, but 
has reached out to the broader interests which 
nfCect inen in sociological and economic relations 
and at nil times has cast the weight of his in- 
fluence and aid on the side of progress in those 
coiuie<-tions. He has been particularly well 
known through his efforts in support of Sunday 
school work and of tlie many organized chari- 
ties which take cognizance of the needs of the 
individual and the couununity. Like all men to 
whom life means more than the attainment of 
material wealth, .Mr. Burhaus has ke|)t informed 
on the political questions related to the welfare 
and progress of his country, and in national 
ptilitics is a Republican, while at local elections, 
where no issue is involved, he casts an independ- 
ent vote. AVhile in college, he became a member 
of the Beta Theta Ti, and while attending law- 
school was elected to the membership of the I'hi 
Delta Phi. His membership relations also ex- 
tend to the Union League Club of Chicago, the 
Chicago Bflr Association, and the .Methodist 
church, and in religious and charitable work and 



enterprises he has alwa\s taken an- active part. 
For nine yciirs Mr. I'.urlians was superintendent 
of one of the largest Sunday schools of Chicago, 
that of tlie Oakland Methodist Church, and no 
religious activity has been dearer to his heart 
than the Sunday school work. For five years 
he was associate superintendent of the Chicago 
Waifs' Mission, then meeting in the Armory on 
the lake front, and later was assmiate superin- 
tendent of the ICvan^loii I'irst and Epworth 
Meth(«list Sunday scIkkiIs. I'or twenty years 
he served on the executive committee of the 
Cook Cciuiity Sunday Scho<d Association and at 
dillerent times was its treasurer and president. 
In ISsO he was one of the American secretaries 
of the first World's Sunday School Convention, 
in London, Fngland, and he and Mrs. I'.urhans 
were meml>ers of the fourth convention, held in 
Jerusalem in VMii, and of the .seventh, held in 
Zurich, Switzerland, in 10i;j. Mrs. Burhans is 
well known in social circles of Chicago. At the 
time of her marriage she was a primary teacher 
In the public sclicmls, and she has always been 
prominent and successful as a primary Sunday 
sch<K>l teacher and worker. She acted as super- 
intendent of the primary department in the Oak- 
land .Methoilist Church of Chicago, for twelve 
years, from Iss.T until 1807, and for a numlxr 
of years thereafter occupied the same position 
in connection with the i:vanston First Methodist 
Church. She was county primary Sunday school 
secretary for Cook County for several years and 
state jirimary secretary of Illinois for two years. 
In ]',Mi4 she was appointed as the special repre- 
sentative of the Illinois State Sunday school 
convention at Jerusalem, but unfortunately on 
this trip to the Orient she sustained an injury 
on a ralcstine steamer landing which resulted 
later in making her an invalid for a number of 
years, compelling her to give upi most of her 
active work. Aside from his labors in behalf of 
the Sunday school, Mr. Burhans has been identi- 
fied with many organized movements of the 
church and independent charities. He has been 
Iiresident or endowment fund treasurer of the 
.Mi-thoi'i-st ICpiscopal Old Peoples' Home from its 
or'.-aiii.-.Ui( n; was president of the Epworth 
Children's Home, and has long served either as 
Iiresident or vice-president and endowment fund 
treasurer of the Methodist Deaconess Orphan- 
age at Lake Bluff. He is likewise president of 
the Amanda Smith Industrial Home for Colored 
Children; president of the Agard Deaconess 
lU-si Home at Lake Bluff; and vice-president 



936 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



and treasurer of the Chic-ago Deaconess Homo, 
and vice-iiresideut of the De^s I'laiues Camp 
Ground Association and tlio Chicago Boys' 
Club. He is serving as a trustee of the 
Wesiey Hospital, and for several years was 
president and chairman of the executive 
board in charge of its operation. He has 
also been a member of the boards and an 
active supporter of the City Missionary Society, 
the Chicago Training -school, the I'acilie Garden 
Mission, the Chicago Tract .Society, and a number 
of similar organizations. In fact, wherever he 
has seen the opportunity to extend a helping 



hand to a fellow traveler on life's journey, he 
has done so. The analytical mind of the lawyer 
has pointed out to hina the most effective ways 
of aiding others, and his .sound judgment has 
been a valuable factor in the control of organ- 
ized charities and movements for moral progress. 
.Mr. Burhan's life has been full of le.ssons — les- 
sons of purit.v, of patience, gentleness, industry 
and forbearance. These he inculcates daily, not 
alone by the easy words of counsel, but by the 
calm and steady light of an example which has 
illumined each act and word, and wliich has 
cast its Influence upon all around. 



WILLIAJM 0. DAVIS. 



William O. Davis was born of Quaker parent- 
age, in Lancaster County, I'a. In Is.jT he taught 
the first school in the district now occupied by 
the town of Normal, and here he married Eliza, 
oldest daughter of Jesse \V. B'ell. For the benefit 
of his health he joined a Pike's I'eak expedition 
at the time of the Colorado gold excitement in 
lS.oO. In ISaS he purchased an interest in tlie 
Bloomington Daily I'antagraph. becoming sole 
owner February 21, ISTl. He was remarkably 
industrious and painstaking and ajiplied himself 
to all parts of a newspaper business, including 
the editorial work, and astonished the news- 
paper publishers of the state by his masterly 
understanding of all the numerous and necessary 



details of the iiriuting business. He saw the 
circulation of the paper increase to 15,000 cojiies. 
The I'antagraph Printing and Publishing Com- 
pany was, in ISSO, an outgrowth of his manage- 
ment, and it has become one of the largest, if 
not the very largest printing establishment in 
the United States located in as small a place as 
Bloomington. His strongest points were his 
wonderful power of attracting to his employ 
young men of ability, and of training them to 
habits of industry and honesty, and inspiring 
them with zeal for work in behalf of the public 
and thereby with love for their genial aad kindly 



JAMES MONROE WALKER. 



It Is not a now statement to make, in the 
words of the great essayist, Macaulay, that 
"the history of a country is best told in a rec- 
ord of the lives of its people," nevertheless, it 
Is so true that it will bear repetition. The his- 
tory of the State of Illinois would read revy 
differently to posterity were the records of the 
achieveiijents of its notable men eliminated, 
and it is but just that they should be recalled 
and put into enduring type. In the gre-at repre- 
sentative city of Chicago have lived men of 
mark, who, in various avenues of usefulness, 
h ive won honors, prizes and emoluments that 
entitle them to respectful and admiring remem- 
brance. Among these stands James Monroe 
Walker, who for thirty years was before the 
public and was recognized as one of the aldest 
lawyers of his day. James Monroe Walker 
was born in the village of Clareraont, Sullivan 
County, X. H.. February 14. ISi'O, a .'fln of Solo- 
mon and Charity (Stevens) Walker, and one in 



their family of thirteen children. The New 
Hampshire hills offered but few opportunities 
to a farmer- with a large family for which he 
bad to provide, so in lS3u, Solomon Walker 
moved his, by slow stages, to what was then 
the far we.st, settling on land about twenty 
miles from Detroit, Mich. In the hope of being 
able to enter a profession, the then fifteen year 
old lad, James Monroe Walker, worked hard, 
but it was not until he was twenty-two years 
old that he felt at liberty to resume his studies, 
having in the meanwhile earned the money to 
enable him to do so, and he then entered Ober- 
lin College, at Obcrlin, Ohio, subsequently be- 
coming a student at the University of Michigan 
at -Vun Arbor. From the latter institution, 
which he bad entered as a sophomore, he was 
graduated in 1S40, devoting the last year of 
his course to the study of law, there being at 
that time no s[iecial department of law, such as 
now forms so important a branch of this great 





'■Z-L. 



'^2^.6. 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOI'EDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



937 



liislltutitiii of loarnlng. FoUowins his graiUia- 
tlon, .Mr. \V;ilkei- cutured tbo (iilice uf hU frieiiil, 
Juil-'e i:i)b(.'it S. Wilsou, ami cue year later was 
iiiluiitteil tu the bar. At that time he became 
Junior uiembir of the firm of Sedgwick & 
Walker, attorneys of Ann Arlior. lie advanceil 
rapidly, and two years later was cliosen prose- 
ciilin-' attoruL'y of Washtenaw County, Mieh.. 
.•Ill i.ilicr 111' sati-lacturily continued to fill until 
IV,".:;. Ill tli.it year lie and his partner removed 
to Lliirami. where they became attorneys for 
the .Miihiu'nii Central Railroad, and at the same 
liiuc bc:;:in Living' the foundations for a larire 
private practice. They were soon afterwards 
appointed general solicitors for the road. In 
]SC>t;, Mr. Walker began purchasing, for the 
I'.ostou men who controlled the Jliohigan Cen- 
tral Kailroad, the right of way for the Chicago, 
Uurliugton & Quiucy Railroad, and on its com- 
pletion, he bt?came its attorney, counsel and 
general solicitor. For a time he was acting 
president for the Leaveuwortli, Lawrenc-e and 
Galveston Railroad, and in ISTO, he succeeded 
James F. Joy as president of the Chicago, 
Burlington &- Quincy Railroad. Owing to im- 
paired lieallh, Mr. Walker resigned this latter 
oltice in IsT.j, but remained its legal advi-;er 
until Ids death. In the meantime he had ne- 
;.-otiatcd fof tlie absorption of the Rurlinglon 
.Mini .Mi--..iii-i River Railroad, and other import- 
ant <ha!i'-fs and acquisition? in the railroad 
jiroiH'rty owned by the Boston syndicate. He 
also organized the Illinois Stock Yards, and 
the Kansas City Stock Yards, and was president 
of both, as well as of the Cliicago & Wilming- 
ton Coal Company from tlie time of their in- 
ception until his death. 

In the lueantime, Mr. Walker severed his con- 
nection with Mr. Sedgwick, and became the 
senior member of the firm of Walker & Dexter, 
and later of Walker, Van Arman & Dexter, and 
still later of Walker, Dexter & Smith. Corpora- 
tion law, however, interested Mr. Walker to the 
greatest extent, and as he had specialized on it, 
in J SOU, he withdrew from the general field of 
law, and afterwards, as long as he remained in 
practice, devotetl his energies to the numerous 
corporations of Illinois and other sections which 
claimed his expert services. He became a 
recognized authority on corporation law. a field 
not particularly attractive to the general prac- 
titioner, and one in which only a highly trained 
attorney could meet with success. His duties 
at length became so onerous that his health was 
impaired, and his death occurred January 22, 



ISSl, at his licautiful huiue No. 1720 Prairie 
avenue, Chb-ago. He was a man of great in- 
tellectual strength, an omnivorous reader, and 
enjoyed the beautiful things of life, typified by 
music, literature and art, and surrounded him- 
self and family with tlio luxuries that this side 
of his nature deuiandcd. 

James .Miiiiioc \\;i:ki,.r w;in married December 
r>, ]■-■-.:., to .Mi.s r.liz:, \, M-uMi, a daughter of 
John l: aii.l lanny (Itansun, ) Marsh, of Kala- 
niazix), .Mi. Ii., and i.iif daughter and two sons 
were born t... Ilinii, namely: Mary Louise, Wirt 
Dexter, an.l .lames Ransom. The daughter, 
who is now i|ec..a-ii|. was the wife of the well 
known Chi..i;.'u aicbitcct, John Weiborn Root. 
Wirt Dexter is also deceased. James Ransom 
marriwl Miss Louise Meeker, a daughter of 
Arthur B. Meeker of Chicago, and they have 
three sons, namely: James JL, Arthur Meeker, 
and Wirt Dexti'i-. Mrs. Walker continues to 
occupy the lamil\ ivsidencr on I'rairie avenue, 
and as aUva\-, is interested heljifully in social 
and charitable work. 

The death ,.( .Mr. Walker call.Ml forth many ex- 
pressions of lii'_'li esieem. Qunting from those 
of the stockholders of tlie Chicago, Burliugtou 
& Quiucy Railroad Company, the following is 
given: "That we recognize in Mr. Walker a 
man whose high character was a perpetual as- 
surance that the intei-ests coiilided to his charge 
would be administered with fidelity and lienor; 
tluit anion- tlios,. who have added in their sev- 
eral ways in the L-rowth of thi.s company from 
a strugu'liui.' :iiid leeble coriioration to its pres- 
ent niaguitu.le. to .Mr. W.alker, perhaps as much 
as to any other, from his length of service, his 
high apiu-eciatiou of the sa.-redness of delegated 
trusts, and liis liapj.y faculty in the manage- 
ment of atfairs, belong the credit of such ex- 
tended gruwtli and u.sefulness of his powers, 
and wlien we might have hoiied for him years 
of honored i.a^e as a crown of his laborious life, 
yet recognizing that life is not lueasured alone 
by lenirth of days, we feel that, in successes 
achieved and results accomplished, liis work has 
lieen one of conspicuous fidelity and value, and 
that he h is entered into his rest, leaving a rec- 
ord wiu-tliy of the most studious imitation." 

The Chira-o Commercial Club passed equally 
appreciative resolutions, and the Chicago Bar 
.•Vssoci.-ition prepared a memorial setting forth 
liis ailinirablc qu.iliti(>s in every relation of life. 
His personal .•iniuaintaiices included the lead- 
ing men of his own city, and of otlier sections, 
and his friendship was sought because he was 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



genial, coiuiiaiiiouahle and sincere. Burdened 
as he was In his yontb with cures and resion- 
elbllltles, through his ability and enerjry, he 
made these seeminj; disabilities stepping stones 
on his onward jiatli, and evor felt pride in the 
fact that his success in life depended iii>on 
his owii exertions. No better ending to the 
brief recital of his work and admirable char- 
acteristics, could be given than that quoted 



from the words of one who knew him very 
thoroughly : "As a lawyer, Mr. Walker possessed 
unusual logical power, lie was not an elo<iuent 
advocate, but a most clear, keen and accom- 
plished reasouer, and was a valuable assistant 
to the bench in the administration of justice, 
the highest position the lawyer can aim to 
occupy." 



FRANCIS B. BADT. 



It is diflicult for an outsider to appreciate the 
work accomplished by one of those men who are 
essentially an outcome of twentieth century 
progressiveness, the electrical engineers, for the 
public generally has no realization of the im- 
portance of the work of those who labor for the 
service of mankind in this special direction. Xo 
man can enter upon this important field of en- 
deavor without a careful and complete prepa- 
ration if he expects to succeed. His training 
must include a sound knowledge of mathematics, 
physics, chemistry, hydraulics, mechanical engi- 
neering and electricity, while he must have a 
practical knowledge of geology, surveying and 
architecture, and be fully acquainted v.-ith the 
nature and strength of the materials whicli he 
may be called upon to use. The history of Chi- 
cago's achievements along electrical lines shows 
that here have gathered the master minds of 
this Important profession, aud among them all 
none ranked higher in any respect thaa the late 
Francis B. Badt, who was acknowledged at the 
time of his death to be one of the leading elec- 
trical engineers of the United States. 

Francis B. Badt, like many of the solid, suc- 
cessful men of this country, was of foreign 
birth, being a native of Prussia, whore ho was 
born in 1849. After being graduated from the 
royal gymnasium of his native country, he 
entered the army in ISCW, being in tlie artillery 
branch. Two years later he was graduated from 
the military academy, and was made a conunis- 
sioned officer that same year. During l'^T0-71, 
Mr. Badt distinguished himself in the Franco- 
Prussian war and was decorated by his emperor 
with the much prized order of the Iron Cross, 
to gain which a German soldier has often risked 
life and everything save honor. Following his 
active war experience, Mr. Badt attended the 
school for officers of artillery and engineers and 
the Imperial Teclinical HiL'h school, from which 
he was graduated in 1ST2, and was honored by 
the emperor by being commissioned as an officer 



of Ordnance. He was later made a first lieutenant 
and served as such on the committee of Ordnance 
and Arms, being directly under the minister of 
war, and then served in the gunnery school for 
officers of artillery. After an honorable period 
of military service he resigned and came to the 
Uniteil States, arriving hero in ISSl, with a 
desire to put into practical service the training 
he had acquired. 

Upon his arrival in New York City, Mr. Badt 
connected himself with the I'nited States Electric 
I-lghting Company as superintendent of con- 
struction, and remained with this concern until 
November, ISSS, during which period he had 
traveled for his company in Europe to gain a 
first-hand knowledge of the electrical industry 
in various countries abroad. Leaving the United 
States Electric Lighting Company, Mr. Badt 
came to Chicago, and for nearly a year was with 
the Western Electric Company as superintendent, 
leaving this concern in October, 1SS9, to become 
district engineer in Chicago for the United 
Edison Manufacturing Coinpany. Resigning this 
position in November, ISOO, he became manager 
of the power and lighting department of the 
Thomas-IIoustou Company of Chicago. When 
this latter company consolidated with the Edison 
company under the name of the General Electric 
Company, Mr. Badt continued with the new cor- 
poration as manager until March, 1SP4, when he 
resigned to become general manager with the 
Siemens & Haiske Electric Company of Amerit-a. 
After he was made a director, secretary and 
treasurer of the company, he gave it a still 
further faithful service until September, 1S07, 
when he resigned and organized the F. B. Badt 
Company house, which occupies an enviable 
jiositiou f.mong those of a similar nature not 
only in Chicago, but the country as well. Wliile 
he was associated with the Siemens & Haiske 
Company, Mr. Badt had charge of many of the 
contracts of his company, aud furnished a num- 
ber of large generators for the C. T. Yerkes 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



939 



htri-ot ndlwiiy iKiwcr stations in C'liica'jio. His 
kn.ix\lf(l>;i' anil in\uti<iil apjilii-Mtiou of it niatle 
lilm ail fXiK'it and ns years went on he 
vas ii;f;ite(l!y talletl into cases to eive autbori- 
tallvc testimony relative to iini'Sti'iiis involving 

s!tiil\lii^' cliTirir street railway inei-lianisin 
Mii'l inv.iitcil a iinnilier of iniiirovenients ou nj)- 
]!laiiies in u-i-, on which he took out Jiateuls. 
He was a valuiil contriliutor to tlie teehiiie.il 
1 11 -s ami was the author of some very important 
!•.-■:. V pcrtaliilnu- to his profession, among them 
1 •!:!„• ••The I'ynanio Tenders IlaudhooU.'' 
■Till- Itill Hangers Handbook," "Incanaescent 
Wiring Handbook," and "Electric Transmission 
Handl.iKik," It is interesting to note that Mr. 
I'.ailt as early as 1S07, made a very exhaustive 
ri'iHirt for some private individuals in connection 
with a Hying machine. Invented by A. M. Herring, 
which, viewed in the light of today's knowledge 
of the future of airships, seems phenomena;. 
Although at that time the majority of iteople 
lind no conception that flying machines could be 
made practicable, from this report it is easily 
Mi'u that Mr. Ttadt foresaw what wa.s to come to 
pass, and clearly indicated the lines along whicii 
iidvancement must be made. 

On November 2, 18^0, Mr. Badt was united in 
marriage willi Klizabeth Agnes O'Dounell, and 
they had two daughters, Frances and Ernestine, 
whn, with .Mrs. Badt survive. Mr. and Mrs. 



Badt celebrated their silver wedding anniversary, 
on Xovemtier 2, 1'J^J, and a surprise party was 
organized by tueir irioids. The family resi- 
dence is one of the OiOs'. beautiful in its locality, 
and for years has beeu the center of a charming 
siKial life. Ilerv; Mr. Badt passed away April 
1-', I<il3. after a somewhat protracted illness. 
His loss was deeiily ivit not ouiy in professional 
circles, but by the or.tr.idn world as well. He 
belonged to the Amerii-an lustHute of Electrical 
Enjiineers, the W'esttrn Society of Engineers and 
the Electric Club of Chicago, as well as the Union 
League Cluii of Chicago and the Midlothian 
Country Club. 

Electricity is an iir.seeu force which through 
Intelligent compliance with the laws that govern 
it, has been brought to a point where it is utilized 
as never before for the comfort and happiness 
of mai!, through the efforts of just such men as 
Mr. Badt. He was a person of marked liberality 
and public spirit. His principles were those of 
the sturdiest kind of honesty, and in various ca- 
pacities he was most active in successfully guid- 
ing the affairs of large corporations, his com- 
plete cud rapid. comprehension of business propo- 
t-itions as they were presented to him seemed 
intuitive. His word had a value above parch- 
mout or legal furmalities, and his place will be 
hard to fill, and his loss will be felt for years 
to come. 



JULIA (GREENE) SCOTT. 



.Mrs. Julia (Greene) .'Jcott, who has earned an 
enviable national reputation through her ef- 
forts towards advancing the interests of the 
National Society of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, was born in Danville, Ky., 
which is the location of Centre College, of which 
her father. Dr. Greene, was president. She is 
the widow of the late Matthew T. Scott, who 
was a wealthy land and mine owner, at Clienoa, 
McLean County, 111., which town he laid out and 
platted about lSu4. He gave the new town of 
Chenoa the Indian name of his native state, 
Kentucky, "Chcnowa," but, in spite of his earnest 
efforts, the United States rostoflice Department 
has always insisted on dropping the "w" in the 
name. He ]iurchased from the United States 
poverninent and from others, several thousand 
acres of fine prairie land, and his widow is the 



owner of over lO.CwX) acres in Illinois and Iowa, 
which is new being farmed as far as possililc, 
in accordanre with the most modern plans for 
.igricultural (lcveloi)nient. Jlrs. Scott, whose 
hon>e h:is been in Eloomington for over twenty- 
five years, is an educated lady of fine presence 
and high character, and has always taken a 
leading part along patriotic, educational and 
social lines. She was vice president general of 
the National Society of the Daughters of the 
American Bevolutiou for two years and was its 
national president for two terms, from 1009 to 
ir»13. Her management of the financial and 
other ditlieult matters in this important organi- 
zation was remarkably successful. The society's 
headi|uartcis are in the city of Washington, 
Distrii-t of Columbia, in the new and elegant 
building known as "Continental Hall." 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



NOR MAX C. THOMPSON. 



X. C. Thompson was, when iu liis liriiiic, a 
notublt' pei-soiiaUty iu liixklurd, Uoiiuri'd uiid 
iutliieutial. He was a man of lituraiy tiiltiire 
and had siathered iu his houie the laiwst jirivate 
lilirary in iiockford. lie was active iu the gen- 
eral life (if the city and it is reuienibered that 
he hecanie enoujih interested in pulitics in InnO 
to accept the i)resi<Ien'y of the Ciarlield and 
Arthur Campaign Cluli. In connection with 
manufacturing .Mr. Tiioiui'sou was engaged 
many years in lianking. ■I'he X. ('. Thomi)sou 
Bauk was on East State street and by odd 
coincidence of place was in the same building 
where now tlie Manufacturers" National r.ank 
is located, of whicli Norman V. Thompson, liis 
sou, is iiresideut. Mr. Thompson was born at 
Kno.Kville, Ga., May 2.">. 182*, a .«on of Norman 
B. and Sareiih (Ruggles) Thoini)son. natives of 
Toultney, At., and Barro, Mass. Tlie father 
was a man widely read, and possessed of at- 
tributes which placed him above his associates. 
His grandfather was county judge at I'oultiiey. 
Vermont. 

Amid intellectual surroundings Norma;i C. 
Thompson grew up, attending the academies of 
his native place until prepared to enter the 
Troy Academy. Later he entered Yale College 
as a niemlx?r of the class of 184!), from which 
he was recalled home on afcount of the ter- 
rible loss sustained by his father in a fire which 
destroyed his mercantile business at Aniericus, 
Ga. Following this the l"ai:iily moved to Terry, 
Ga., where they remaiuod several years. ,\fter 
the death of his eldest s.'U .-ind tlie illness of 
his remaining child, >. C. Thompson left tlie 
South to make a home iu the North at Itock- 
ford. 111., where they arrived in IS."".? and where 
Mrs. Thompson's father and brothers were set- 
tled. After bavins e-iabii.hed his wife and 
son there he returned to Peiry where he cb>sed 
out his business, coming back to Rockfurd. He 
and his father. Norman I!., entered into a bank- 
ing hu.-^iness under the title of Thompson & Co., 
private bankers, which contlnu.'d until Isci^,. 
In the meanwhile the fath.T and son began 
manufacturing agricultural imiilcaents and 
were in business until issj. ,i,,ii,.j business as 
N. C. Tliomp.sou .ManufaeHirin- C.i. during bis 
career as a manufacturer he luanuraetmcd ihi> 
M. L. Gorham Self Kinder. He left many in 
stitutions behind him wliieh hi< liberality In 
earlier days phieed uiion a sound foinnl.itlon. 
Both he and his wife were very active in<<iidiers 



of the First I'resbyteriau Church, teaching iji 
the Sunday school, iu wliich he was superin- 
tendent for twenty-five years. They also saug 
iu the choir and otherwi.se exerted themselves 
for the good of the cause. Jlr. Thompson 
donated liberally to the support of this church. 
He was always interested in and frefjuently 
suggested imiudvemcnts in the city aud was a 
man of such high standing that his ideas had 
weight. A Republican, he gave his party loyal 
and effective supiKirt and was active in both 
bnal .-uul national affairs. At one time he was 
treasurer of Rockford and was a member of the 
city council for a number of years. He was 
instrumental in orL:anizing aud carrying on suc- 
cessfully the imlilic library and no one ever 
called iiiMiii him for hel]> in vain as long as ho 
was al)le to meet the demands made upon his 
sympathy aud generosit.v. Through all of his 
later years .Mr. Thompson was hampered by the 
result of an accident in ll>i\i when he was 
thrown from a buggy and so seriously hurt that 
in addition to being confined to his bed for a 
long period Iii> bore with him until death marks 
of his accident. 

On .'JeptendHT 24, lS.-,,3, Mr. Thompson was 
united in marriage with Laureutia J. Blackmer, 
born at Barnard, Vt., August oO, l.s32, a daugh- 
ter of Hiram and Phoebe (Townsend) Black- 
mer, both natives of Vermont, who moved to St. 
Charles, 111., in ]s.-.j, and to Rockford in IS.jT. 
Mr. Blackmer was a grain commission merchant 
for many years. Mrs. Thomi)son was educated 
at Thetford Academy aud in New York City at 
a private .seminary conducted by her uncle. Rev. 
.loel Blackmei-, whose name was brought before 
the people of New York in the early fifties when 
he ran on a temperance ticket for mayor. Jlrs. 
Thompson went south after completing her 
studies to aet as teaeher and governess and 
there slie met .Mr. TU.mip.-ou. They had eight 
children; Charles Ernest, who died at the age 
of two years; Norman Frederick, who is presi- 
dent of tlie Manufacturers' National Bank of 
Rnekfoid, and is mentioned elsewhere iu this 
work; Georire Warren, who died in 10O4, aged 
forty liM' years; .\.rthur i:dward, who resides 
at Clii. :,_-,,; Flnrenee, who died iu ISS?, aged 
tweiitytiiree years; .Xoniia Cornelia, who is at 
lioir.e with Ihm- inotlier ; Amos Lawrence, who is 
at Telle Ibiute, liid. ; and .Mary Leonora, who 
died at llie a. re of si >c years. Mrs. Thompson is 
now in her eighty-third year and is in excellent 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



941 



health, possessiiif; her faculties in a remai-Ualile 
degree, reatlinj; without grlasses and takiag a 
det'p Interest in all that goes on about her. bhe 
is as proud of the family into which she married 
as of her own and is well-informed relative to 
it, stating that the first of the Thomiisuu fauiili- 
to arrive in the American Colonies came here 
in vaj, since wliicli time its members have 
siu-eatl from New Kn.irlaml, where the first set- 



tlement was made, to all [larts of the country 
and wherever iound they have always been 
men and women 'if atijlity, integrity and promi- 
nence. Mr. Thonip.sou died July 4, ISOS, as he 
);ad lived, a loyiU, honorable and Christian 
geatleniun. himI he is remembered with sincere 
aiipreciation by those with whom he was as- 
s.Mjiated for t^o n!;'iiy tisoful. generous .vears in 
the city of Kockford. 



NORMAN FREDEEICM THOMPSON. 



'I'rue alMircciation comes to those who have 
nobly .'Striven to win approval honorably, fron. 
the men who understand and can properly ex- 
pre.-^s theii' confidence. The life of Xoriuan 
Frederick Thompson of Itockford mirrors on its 
surfaie much that is conducive to a high stand- 
urd of business operations and little that can be 
criticised. As president of the llaniU'acturers 
National I'.auk of Roekford, and as a director of 
the Hursoii Knitting Company and the Kockford 
Life Insurance Company, he has demonstrated 
mid Is still proving his elK'-iency and high 
f-apabilily. 

Mr. 'I'licmpsoii is not a native of Ilockford, 
iilthoiigh he was but a year old when brought 
from his l)irthplace at I'erry, Ga., where he 
came inio the world June 27, ISoO, to this city 
by his parents, the late Xorman C. Thomiison 
niid bi.s wife, now his widow, Mrs. Laurentia J. 
(Ithickmer) Thompson. He owes his early edu- 
cational training to the schools of Roekford, in 
wliich he studied until eighteen years old. Later 
he entered Yale University, from which he grad- 
uated in the class of ISSl with the degree of 
A. B. Returning to Roekford, he was associated 
with his father in his banking and manufactur- 
ing enterprises, but later went to New York 
City to assume tlie duties of assistant secretary 
and treasurer of the Equitable Mortgage Com- 
pany. When this company was reorganized into 
the Equit^able Securities Company, Mr. Thomp- 
son -was made treasurer, hut in 189S returned to 
Roekford to be vice-president of the ^^anufac•tu^- 
ers National Bank of this city. His connections 
with the bank were of such a nature that his 
services were rewarded by his election to the 
presidency of it in l!)0('i, since which time he has 
continued its executive head. 



Mr. Thoiiip.sou was marri'^l January 10, ISSo, 
to -\U3S Adaii'ie E. i-Jniersi'ii, a daughter of Ralph 
Emerson, for many years one ol the largest and 
wealthiest mair.ifacturers in the United States. 
Mr;?. Thompson was born at Roekford, August 
13, ISoO, but received her educational training 
al; Wellesley (Mass.) College, from which she 
was graduated in ISSO. ,She served many years 
as tiustee of the institution. Her daughter also 
attended the uuither's alma mater, while the 
sous were sent to Vale, the university of their 
father and grandfather. Mr. and ilrs. Thomp- 
son have had three children : Xorman F. Jr., 
sec'ietary and treasurer of the Burson Knitting 
Company, was born .March 14, 1SS4, graduated 
from Yale in IDOO, and married Margaret .Shel- 
don October 30, 1014; lialph Emerson, superin- 
te:iclent of the Gillette Safety Razor Company, 
Boston, Mass., was born February 1, ISSS, and 
graduated from Yale in 1000, married Emily F. 
Baruum, on December 27, 1011, and they have 
a daughter, Gretcheu .\daline, born October 1, 
1912, who is the only grandchild in the family; 
and Adalyu I''niers(jn, born December 4, ISsO, 
married to Alan C. Dixon of Chicago, Octol>er 
12. 1912, died February o, 1915. 

As -was his father. .Mr. Thompson is a Repub- 
lican, and served K.x-kford as city treasurer 
from JO(i| to V.ny.': 1 rali'mally he belongs to 
the local lodge of Kll;s, while socially he is a 
member of a number of college societies, and 
the Roekford Country Club and the University 
clubs of both Chicago and Roekford. Through 
his ancestors he is a member of the Colonial 
Wars Society, the Society of Mayflower Descend- 
ants mid tlie I'aronial Order of Runnemede. 



Dudley C. Smith was born at Shclbyville, 111., 
l>ecember 0, ISo.l. He carried on an important 
mercantile business and early became possessed 



DUDLEY C. S^llTTT. 



ts near Shelbyville. He 
ri raising troops f^r the 
ntered the military serv- 



942 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



ice as early as April 22, ISGl, as captain of 
Company I!, Fourlecntli Illiuois Iiifautiy. He 
was a brave, entliusiastic, active ami eliicieut 
officer, and was so severely wounded at tlie bat- 
tle of Sliilob, in IniG, that be was obliged to re- 
tire fri)in the army. On his recovery, in 1S(JJ, at 
the orgtinization of the One Hundred and Forty- 
third Illinois Infuntiy, be was made its ci.l.inel 
and served during the full term. Colonel .><nulh 



removed to \orniaI, HI., in ]<(», since which 
time, in addition to caring fur large landed and 
other interests, he bus given much time, thought 
and very liberal fmanciiii assistance to religious, 
educational and l)enevolent institutions. This 
aid has not been contiiied to local objects. He 
is a gentleman of culture, an eloquent si)eaker, 
and possesses tine literary taste. 



JOHN FRANKLIN GOODWIN. 



It is one of the deplorable facts of our exist- 
ence, a tact recognized by men and borne out 
by figures, that some of the most cogent inllu- 
euces in our lives, some of the men who have 
the most influential bearing upon individuals 
and affairs, are taken from us when their work 
is but, comparatively, commenced. There is 
something infinitely sad about the death of a 
man who has labored assiduously ; who has 
had a definite end in view ; who lias devoted 
all of his capable energies in the effort to reach 
a certain goal ; who has seen his ambitions 
almost realized, and then has had to succumb 
to the insidious attack of the enemy wlio lies 
in wait behind — and that after he has niet and 
defeated the multitudinous enemies whom he 
has met and overcome in front. And still it 
is not all defeat that he leaves behind. There 
is the clear-cut and vivid picture left of his 
triumph over difficulties; the color of the pic- 
ture in which is depicted the awakening of his 
self-reliance in his own abilities crnnot fail 
to leave its les.son ; and the etching, though 
perhaps uncompleted, shows v.hnt the final 
drawing would have been had the Master Artist 
seen fit to complete his work— the niasten'iet'e 
titled "A Man." There is no further need to 
Introduce the name of John Franklin Gooilwin 
to the citizens of Minonk. 111. They will rec- 
ognize his connection with the foregoing few 
statements. Fie lived his life, he lived it clean, 
and there are many aside from his immediate 
family and friends who deplore his loss as a 
loss to the connnercial and industrial life of 
Minonk, HI. 

John Franklin Goodwin was born at Minonk. 
111., December 2S, ISTO. and was a son of 
Edwin G. and Frances (Ratcliff) Goodwin, na- 
tives of England. The father is deceased, but 
the mother is still living and resides in Minonk. 
On completing his education in the public 
schools, Mr. Goodwin entered the cniplny of 
his father, in the hitter's brick-yard, and sub- 



seipiently purcluised the elder man's interest 
in the bUMUess. t^everal years ago a partner- 
slii]] was formed, when Mr. Goodwin took into 
the venture his brothers, Arthur and Bert 
Goodwin, the lirm at that time becoming 
known as the Minoiilc IJriek and Tile Company. 
The Clark and I'ickard brick and tile yard 
was later purchased by this concern, and John 
F. Goodwill continued as the active directing 
head of the company until ill health caused 
his retirement from active business life. Mr. 
Goodwin was the ideal business man, sane in 
his investments, but courageous in grasping 
opportunities ; unbending in his decisions, but 
in his decisions just ; forgiving in another's 
delinquencies, hut unassailable in his personal 
dealings. To use a colloquialism: "A man to 
tie to." It may seem a mere biographical 
phrase to say: "his home was his castle," and 
yet such was the case with Mr. Goodwin. He 
loved his home above all else and found his 
true happiness there. Yet he was not indiffer- 
ent to the pleasures to he found in the com- 
panionship of his fellow-men, and the high 
esti.'em and regard in which he was held by 
bis brother members of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, in which he held membership 
in Bliss Eucamimient and Allen Rebekah Lodge, 
and the Morris Lodge of Masons, of which he 
was master for five years, bear clotiuent proof 
of his general popularity. When ho passed 
away, March 10, 101."., Minonk's btisiness and 
social circles mourned. 

On February 10, llX«, .Mr. Goodwin was 
married to Mrs. Gratjo (Minger) Heinrichs. 
born in Minonk, daughter of Jacob and Lena 
(Bouk) Heinrichs, natives of Germany. Mr. 
Minger was for some years a grocery merchant 
in Minonk and is now deceased, while his widow 
still survives. r.y her first marriase Mrs. 
Goodwin bad two diughters: Sophia, the wife 
of Joliu r:yaii. of Minonk; and Henrietta, who 
resides with her mother. 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



943 



WILIJA:y[ H. DOOLITTLE. 



A man devoteil to the hishest ideals of his 
humane profc^^sion, of iironiinence and wealth 
yet unspoiled l>y his position and prosiierity, 
whose life was tilled with kindly thoughts and 
deeds, a man of sterling Integrity and proliity, 
who tyi/ificd in his everyday life the highest 
type of Christian character, was the late Dr. 
William H. Do<.ilittle, of Woodstoek, whose death, 
June 10, 1012, was a distinct loss to the Illinois 
medical profession, lleared on a farm, he early 
adopted iuedicine as the field of his activities, 
and so faithfully and assiduously did he lalwr 
in his chosen noble calling that he rose to the 
very forefront among the physicians of his day, 
while as a citizen ho was no less honored and 
respected. 

■\Villiani ir. Poolittle was born at Marshland. 
Tioga County. Ta., December 10, 1S50, a son of 
Dr. Darwiu C. and Eliza M. Doolittle. His early 
education was secured at Windsor Academy, 
Windsor, X. Y.. following which he became a 
student in the roughkeepsio (X. T.) Business 
College, and then for a few years was in the 
lumber business with an uncle In Pennsylvania. 
The family came to Illinois in ISOO and settled 
on a farm near I;idgefiold, but subsequently Dr. 
Darwin C. Doolittle removed to Chicago, where 
iu the city's business center he opened a phar- 
macy. He conducted this establishment for sev- 
eral years, but eventually turned it over to his 
sons, Herbert and Darwiu, who operated it in 
partnershiii, the father then coming to Wood- 
stock practically to retire. He died a few years 
ago at an advanced age, honored and respected 
by the entire community, while his widow still 
survives and makes her home in Woodstock. 

After some preparation, William H. Donlitlle 
entered Hush Medical College, Chicago, where 
lie was graduated with his degree in 1S70, and 
following this entered upon the practice of his 
profession in Chicago, where he succeeded in 
building up a large and representative practice, 
with two city offices, and In addition acted in 
the capacity of head surgeon for the X. K. 
Fairbanks Manufacturing Company. In ISOO, 
on account of failing health, occasioned by his 
uninterrupted devotion to the self-sacrificiug 
duties of his profession, he was compelled to 
give up his practice in the large city, and in that 



year took up his residence in Woodstock, where 
he was successful in no less a degree. A close 
friend and admirer of Doctor Doolittle said at 
the time of his death : 

"To his many friends and acauaiutances the 
death of Doctor Doolittle means much. It 
means 'the loss to our community of one of our 
best and most beloved citizens, a man whose 
name was always associated with honesty and 
strict iutegrit.v. It moans the loss of one of our 
most able pliysicians, whose presence in the siclT- 
room inspired conridence and whose counsel was 
highly valued. Tliere were three traits iu Doc- 
tor Doolittlo's character that made him conspic- 
uous among men. These were honesty, patience 
and modesty. No one ever presumed to doubt 
the Doctor's word or his honesty of purpose ; 
his patience was proverbial and despite infirmi- 
ties, when disease had made inroads on his 
health, ho met the trials and troubles of life 
with the most serene patience. His great mod- 
esty made him the good, faithful family physi- 
cian that he was, and his patients had the utmost 
confidonce in him because of this trait. He was 
an honor to the medical pi-ofessiou and among 
his brother practitioners he was held in high 
esteem, his courteous and strictly ethical bear- 
ing toward other physicians winning for him the 
warm fricndshiji of all his associates.'' 

Doctor Doolittle preferred to devote himself 
entirely to his profession, and for that reason 
never sought public honors, yet, without his 
solicitation, he was for five terms successively 
elected president of the Woodstock School board. 
He was a lover of home, and his home life was 
such that it stood out before all men as a bright 
examiile of loving devotion and sacrifice, and in 
its radiant beauty it brought to him the love and 
admiration of all who knew him. 

In IS^." Doctor Doolittle was married ffirst) 
to Miss Carrie Blume, of Cliicago, 111., wlio died 
October 21';, lOOil, without issue. His second 
union occurred iu the fall of 1907, when he was 
married to Miss Mary Macnair, of Winnebago, 
111., a daui-'liter of Robert and Ann (Greenlees) 
Macnair, natives of Scotland. To this union 
came one daughter: Mary Eli-/.abeth, born Octo- 
ber S, lOOS. 



944 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



AUGUSTUS SEIBEL. 



As both solUiei- auJ titizeii the late Augustus 
Seiliel demonstrated his worth as a uiau ami a 
defender of liis eoiiiitry, and never forgot in the 
years of peace that followed the great (Ji\ il 
war the lessons he learned after, as a lad of 
sixteen years, he enlisted in resijouse to the 
call of his country. Material success came to 
him in after life, hut he clung to the memories 
of his experience as a soldier and continued in 
close touch with hi.s old comrades until he en- 
tered the army of the Intinite, where doubtless 
he found muuliers awaiting tu welcome him. 
The sufferings of his body and spirit while a 
soldier brought forth the best that was in him 
and made it {wssible for him not only to de- 
velop into a man of fine character, but ever 
enabled him to symiiathize with those who were 
in troul)lo of any kind, so that he not only ac- 
cumulated money, but friends, and h<-ld the 
latter in higher esteem than the former. 

Augustus Scibol was one of the best exam- 
ples of the stalwart German-Americans this 
country ever had. He was born in Bavaria, 
Germany, January 2:'.. lS4o, a son of John and 
Catherine (Otterstiidter) Seibol, came to this 
country in IS-'G. and located at Cincinnati, Ohio. 
There ho continued atten<ling sclunil until civil 
war broke out, when he enlisted in the Tnion 
army in ISGl, in the Sixth Kentucky Volunteer 
Infantry, and re-enlisted in Compajiy I. One 
Hundred and Eighty-eighth I'ennsylvania Vol- 
unteer lufantiy. His worth was scxin appre- 
ciated and he was promoted to the rank of 
lieutenant and adjutant of the Twenty-third 
I'nited States Colored Volunteer Infantry. 
During his service he particip.ited in some of 
the heaviest battles of the war. including those 
of Cold Harbor, Shiloh, Mine Explosion. Fort 
Donelson and Tetersburg and Richmond, and 
rode into the latter city upon its capture at the 
head of his troops. At the close of the war his 
regiment was sent to the Mexican frontier and 
did garrison duty at Brazos Santiago and along 
the Rio Grande until December of that year. 
when it was oi-dered to Washington, D. C, and 
there honorably discharged. Colonel Foster, 
assistant adjutant-general of the colored troops, 
offeretl Lieutenant Seibel a position in the regu- 
lar army, but the brave young officer, then 
barely twenty years of age, had no desire to 
continue a soldirr. and refused. 

On March IT, isi;s, Mr. Seilxd came to Blorjui- 
ington. TU., and from that date was intimatel.v 



connected with this city, esfablisliing the Au- 
gustus Seibel Bakerj, a wholesale and retail 
concern, from which be retired in V.A)2. Real- 
izing the future of the city, ho invested from 
time to time in real estate, and lived to see it 
increase very /natsrially. A nuiu of keen busi- 
ness sense, he was able to look into the future 
and determine the value ol' investments, and 
did not keep this knowledge to himself, but 
used it for the t>enefit of his community. He 
was largiily iDstruiaenta! in securing the reten- 
tion of the Chicago i Alton Railroad shops at 
Bloonnugton, which have borne so important a 
part in the development of the place. 
. For years he had been a loyal and enthu- 
siastic memlier of William T. Sherm;iu Post 
No. 140, G. A. I!,, of Rioomingion, and took part 
in all of the reunions of that order, notably 
that of the oii'cers of the coloreil regiments of 
the Civil war, which was held at Minneapolis, 
Minn., from August l.'i to IS, IDiXi. He served 
his po.st as adjutant, commander and quarter- 
master, and was active in all of its work. In 
addition to this ho was afliliated v^ith Rloom- 
ington Lodge No. 43, A. F. & A. M., and Rc- 
meudtranor- Lodge No. 77, L O. O. F. 

On Jidy 2. l.SGT. Mr. Seibel was married at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, to Miss Margaret Hoffmann, 
of Newark, N. J., and they had three children: 
Xiargaret, Elizabeth, and Edgar, all of Bloom- 
ington. 111. Mrs. Seibel died July 9, 1901, at 
the family residence on West Chestnut street, 
BbxMnincrton, The funeral services were con- 
ducted by llu- Rev. J. H. Mueller, of the Unita- 
rian church, and interment was made in the 
Blooniington cemetery. She is mourned ten- 
derly, for she was a lady of lovely. Christian 
character whose influence was felt not only in 
her own family, but by those on the outside to 
whom she was an example of all that a wife 
and mother should he. Mr. Seibel died January 
G. 101.3, and was laid to rest by the .side of 
his wife. The same clergyman who conducted 
the funeral of his beloved wife had charge of 
the services held o\-er the remahis of Jlr. Sei- 
bel. and spoke touchingly of the incident as 
well as of the life of the deceased. All of the 
local papers gave extended notices of his life 
and death, as did the Millerton .Advocate of 
Millerton. Ra.. under date of January 17. The 
local G. A. R. post was oflicially present. 

Perhaps no better picture could be drawn of 
the life and work of Mr. Seibel than that con- 




^^mL^ ^ ^iCa^cf^^ 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



945 



tained in the woriU of his pnstor, who knew an<l inainod true ti. 

appreciated hiiu so thoroimUly. In part Mr. ism which ha>: 

Mueller said: heeii honored \ 

"This man as a soldier, citizen, father, has the hi|.:hest sci 

well deserved a ijhue in the fond hearts of the tender fc( 

tho.^e who knew him host. .Vs a soldier ho was servin- f.itlici 

always ready to hoar a share of the ci>inni(in was hold in li 

dangers with his comrades in battle. Wlion came in cMit; 
the south wa.s pitted against the Tiorth ho re- 



his country, anil with a patriot- 
distiii;.'uished his career he has 
ith triliute. He was a father In 
se of the word, a man who had 



■lim; 



uterizinir him as a de- 
hand. As a citizen he 
witli all with whom he 



JOHN JEAVELL ^lACK. 



What man could ask more of life than to 
maki> a record with reference to his connec- 
tions witli others to the effect that he was never 
lieard to utter a harsh or unkind word of 
anyone? Charity such as this Is rare, for it is 
so much easier to criticise than to praise, and 
yet tlie late John Jewell Mack was just that 
kind of a man. To him all men were strug- 
gling towards perfection, not fallen from it, 
and he never failed to giye an encoiirasing 
word, or extend a helping hand. Mr. Mack, 
whose Ion;; and successful business career at 
J.ilii-t. 111., demonstrated that such generosity 
of opinion did not ucccssarily interfere with 
his material prosperity, was born at Mount 
I'.otliil, .Xorthampton County, Pa., June SO. ]S-fi\ 
a Min of 'ioor^re and Clarissa (Jewell) Mack, 
(ho hitter of whom was born February 14, ISIS. 
'llu- f.Llhor was a saddler by trade. During 
his hoyliood, Mr. Mack attended the common 
soliools of his native place, and then went to 
live with an uncle, Joseph Jlack, who had 
Uioved from Pennsylvania to Joliet, 111. Wlion 
the Civil war burst upon the country, Mr. Mack, 
with his uncle. Firman Mack, and a cousin, 
I'ziah, offered loyal service, but he was re- 
jected on account of his poor eyesi.ght. This 
was a disa[iix)intment to the patriotic youth, 
but he tried to do his duty as a private citizen, 
and succoeded nobly. 

In l.-^r.x Mr. .Mack and .lolin Gorws formed 
a partnership for the purpose of buying out 
the shoe store of Firman Mack on the west 
side, and Mr. MacR continued this connection 
until 1SS3, when he was forced to retire on 
account of failinc; health. To recuperate he 
went to Breckenrid^e, Col., to inspect some min- 
ing interests loft him by his father. lie then 
returned to Joliet and for a period he was In- 
terested In the Illinois Steel Company, now 
the American Steel and Wire Company, but 



, and enjoyed a dignified 
h IS. V.in.-,. when ho passed 
just as ho had lived. 



eventually rdi 
leisure in, til .\I 
away very (itiiot 

On January l.'!, iSr.l. Mr. JIack was united in 
marriage with Miss Voisa Brownson, a daugh- 
ter of Dr. ami .Mrs. M. K. Brown.son. old set- 
tlers atid jironiinent iioople of Joliet. Mr. 
and .Mrs. Mack bocauio t)io paronts of the follow- 
ing children: Ceorge; Joimio 1'.. who is now 
Mrs. A. K. I'.atoiiian; Dora, who is Mrs. John 
Frantz; Charles M. ; John J.. Jr.; Catherine 
B., who is now Mrs. (Jco. Cameron; and 
Frederick W. and Arthur H. Fraternally .Mr. 
Mack was an Odd Fellow during his earlier life, 
hut as the years crept on upon him, his love 
of home increased, and he severed many out- 
side ties. A lover of children, he had many 
friends among the little ones of his neighbor- 
hood, and enjo.ved their companionshiii. Ills 
love of flowers was intense, and proverbial, and 
his residence was surrounded by them. .\. 
reader of good literature, his active brain was 
stored wilh tiscful information, and as ho had 
an e-\-cellont memory, he could recall what he 
had road or events of his earlier life with re- 
markable accuracy. His friends were legion. 
and joined with the family in deploring his 
death, many attending the funeral services at 
his late residence, Xo. 209 Cagwin avenue, 
Joliet. Imi>rossive services were held by the 
Kev. C. C Reynolds, and his remains were laid 
at rest in Oakwood. Although he was reared 
a Methodist. Mr. Mack never joined any reli- 
gious denomination, his beliefs being too broad 
and tender to admit of .special ties. Ills 
whole life, however, was a beautiful epitome 
of high liviii,', deep moral sense, keen percep- 
tion of civic responsibility and Christian char- 
ity, that teach a lesson not likely to be soon 
forgotten by those who had the honor of com- 
ing into contact with him. 



946 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 
ALBERT AViy^LACE FISK. 



AVhicli success is the more meritorious, tU;it 
of tlie man born -witli a '^oM sikjou in Uis 
luoutb," or tliiit of him born of a sturdy, bard- 
worlcing family, to a herit.i-e of tlirU-t. This 
will be a long mooted iiucstiou for tUe cir- 
cumstauees against whicli each must strive are 
so varied as to balHe comparison. However, the 
Last Hecorder may aiiporliou honors between 
these two, certain it is that the hid who Is 
thrust forward to feud for hiujself early iu 
his 'teens and gains not only tiuaucial inde- 
liendonce but education and culture, has eviuccil 
the qualities that make men proud of being men. 
Albert W. Fisk, of DeKalb, attorney at law, bank 
director, and confidential secretary iu the firm 
of I. L. & W. L. Ellwood, was tiorn near Reeds- 
burg, AVis., October 21, 1S5T, in a family not 
overly burdened with worldly goods. His father, 
a native of Danby, Yt, moved with his parents 
when he was but a yoiitli, to New York State 
and remained there for some time after the 
rest of his family had journeyed west, to Sauk 
County, AVis., to join his father. Royal Fisk. 
Prior to leaving Xew York to again make bis 
home with his folks he married Miss Cordelia 
R. Harris, a daughter of Eseck Harris, a farmer 
of Erie County. :Mrs. Fisk died at the age of 
si.xty-nine years, iu Jlay, 1904. She was (he 
mother of tliree children, of whom Albert W. 
and Marion E. still survive. 

Albert W. Fisk, during his younger days, 
spent in his New York home, attended the com- 
mon schools of his neighborhood and utilized 
his time to such advantage that be was offered 
a position as instructor in the public schools, 
when he was not yet .'seventeen years old. For 
one year he followed this work. YN'hcn he was 
eighteen years old he secured work with the 
firm of Bates & White of Collins Center. N. Y. 
During the four years of his service with this 
house be used his odd moments in perfecting 
his study of shorthand; and the knowledge 
that he gained in this way was the means of 
securing for him a much better eraploj ment in 
the office of Plocum & Thornton, the official 
reporters of the Eighth Judicial Supreme Court 
Distrii't, who were located in Buffiilo. In the 
sprin_' of i^Sl, Jlr. Fisk came west to Chicago 
to fill a position of which he knew nothing 
except through the correspondence had with his 
new employers. On his arrival in the western 
metropolis he was sent to Ho Kalb. HI., to un- 



Ellwoi 
year's 



some stenographic work for I. Ij. 
& Co., of that cUy. Tlie end of a 
time saw Mr. Fisk the confidential 
pmanucnsis of Jlr. Ellw.jtii ; and later, wlien 
Mr. I. Li. Ellwood iiecamc mure deeply interested 
In horse and catrlo raising, a large share of 
his duties, in the Elhvood firm, fell on the 
shoulder.-i of Mr. Fisk. AViien the offices which 
the EU'.vuods occupied were moved and located 
nearer their residence, Mr. Fisk was made 
private- secretary of tbe company. This was in 
ISS", and since tlii-t time he has had nearly the 
complete control of the oflice end of the busi- 
ness. Subsequent to tiie death of Mr. I. L. 
Ellwood. Mr. Fisk has ossiuiiod charge of his 
son's horse and stock farm interests. Mr. 
Fisk was admitted to the bar of Hlinois, on the 
!Sth of April, \W)0. having iireviously read 
law and finished a course in its study in the 
Chicago Law School, from which he was grad- 
uated in June, 1800. He does not, however, 
engage In much outside practice, hut applies 
his trnlning along the lines of his other business 
inte-'ests. He was formerly a director of the 
Commercial Trust and Savings Bank and is the 
pre.sident of the De Kalb Building and Loan 
Association. 

On tlie 27 of February, 1SS3, Mr. Fisk was 
married to Miss Clara Perry, a daughter of 
Edwin S. and Lucinda J. (Downer) Perry, who 
later became the mother of his four cliildren: 
Catherine L.. Perry W.. Alan W. and Harris D.. 
all of whom except Alan W., who died in April, 
1913, now live at home. 

In his social relations. Jlr. Fisk has mem- 
bership in the DeKalb lodge Xo. 144, A. F. & 
A. M., and the De Kalb lodge Xo. 76-5, B. P. O. E. 
His vote is usually cast with the Republican 
party and he has served his county on that 
ticket as a.ssistant supervisor for ten years, 
and was secretary of the Republican County 
Central Committee for an almost equal length 
of time. Advancement came to Mr. Fi.sk as the 
result of his own enterprise, thrift, and per- 
severance, and the wise and systematic use of 
time. He now enjoys much confidence and re- 
spect and his integrity is as unquestioned as it 
is unquestionable, for the lofty amlution wliich 
he has always entertained has Uvl hira In an 
effort of which any conscientious and honorable 
gontleni:in might well ho proud. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



947 



LOUIS GREENE STEVEXSOX. 



Hon. I^iuis Greene Stevenson, Secretary i 
State for Illinois, was born at liloomington, II 
August l.'j. IN IS. He was e<liicatea at tlie \m 
known I'liilUiis AcaUeui.v of Exeter, N. II. I 
healtli catwed Mr. Stevenson to sflect a soin 
what active life and in issi he became a n;ci 
ber of Major Towell's exiiloring exiiediti<in i 
Colorado. He was subseijuently superintcinlei 
of the large tracts of farm land owned by -Mi' 
Matthew T. Scott, when he became one of tl 
leaders in the new processes of agricultur, 
develoinuent. and induced hi.s farm tenants to a 
tend the short agricultural courses of the Unive 
sity of Illinois. Ho was private secretary for h 
father during his term as vice president of tl 
i:nited States, from March, 1S0.3, to March. V.m 
He was afterwards employed by William 1 



; in various confidential capacities. He 
very large share in the management of 
>arst newspaper at Los Angeles, Cul., and 
II charge of the large relief train sent by 
earst to the aid of the San Francisco 
uake siin'cr(M-s. a pe<niliarly diflicult and 
ou- lib.ir of love. Governor Dunne ap- 
1 him pr.-ident of the Illinois State Hoard 
don-^. in IDI.;, in which capacity Mr. Stev- 
won the approval of the men of all 
; in the state and was so satisfactory to 
veinm- thiit in l'>1.3, on the death of Sec- 
of Stat.- Woods, ho appointed Mr. Ste\eu- 
tli>> olliee for the unexpired term of three 
Tlie position is one of very great resimn- 



JOHX COR.^IAXY (iARVER. 



Gifted in marked degree, fitted by training 
and natural ability as a jurist, it is not sur- 
prising that the late Judge John Cormany 
Carver att.iim-il to distinguished eminence 
among the celebrated members of the Bench 
of Illinois, or that his death was so deeply 
leit, )i..t ..n!y in Ko. kford. his home city, but 

tr.iordinaiy ability was known and appreciated. 
Judge Garver was an admirable jurist, bringing 
to the Court the weight of his great experience, 
his strong eommou sense, his stainless integrity, 
his keen discernment and his deep learning. 

The birth of Judge Garver took place at 
Pecatonica. 111.. November 10, l.S-13, and he died 
at Hockford, November 27, 1001. He was a 
son of John Garver, who was born in Pennsyl- 
vania and later came to Illinois, locating at 
Pecatonica. Growing np in his native place, 
John Cormany (iarver attended the local 
schools, but even in boyhood showed such 
ability that he was encouraged by his teachers 
to pursue his studies beyond their jurisdiction, 
and entered Mendota College, then presided 
over by the Rev. S. F. F.reckonridge, D. D. 
From there he went to Wittenberg College, 
entering the sophomore class, and was graduaied 
therefrom in ISO". For nearly a year he was 
one of the preceptors in the State University 
of Illinois, but his ambition did not lie in this 
direction, and he went to Springfield, where he 
began the study of law under General J. War- 
ren Keifer. Within a couple of years he was 



iiualitietl to begin the practice of his profession, 
and on returning home, in 1870, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar. From then on Mr. Garver 
was iu the public eye, and was selected for 
many ollices of distinction, for the people recog- 
nized his speci.il fitness for those which enabled 
him to use his legal knowledge iu the discharge 
of his duties. In 1S72, he was elected state's 
attorney, and re-elected four years later. 
Winnebago County never had before so fear- 
less a prosecutor as Judge Garver. While giv- 
ing every one a fair deal, he was relentless in 
prosecuting the malefactors whose crimes 
brought them within his jurisdiction, and his 
alile and s'-holarly manner of presenting his 
cases foi- the State, as well as his forcible 
presentation of evidence, secured many convic- 
tions wliicit might have been lost had it not 
been for his ability. Following the expiration 
of his Services in this ofiice. Judge Garver en- 
tered urion a general practice, and met with 
more than ordinary success, for he was very 
learned in the law; had an intellect of great 
exactness and clearness, a sound and instru'-ted 
jmlgnient, and wonderful tenacity of purpose. 
He excelled both In the preparation of a case 
and in its conduct, convincing court and jury 
not so much by elorpience. although a good 
.speaker, as by per.spicuity of statement and en- 
tire candor of manner. In consultation his 
juiK'uicnt was as valuable as any of his ablest 
assixiates, and he was often called upon, and 
his jiractice grew until it was very large and 



948 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



lucrative. In ISVO, a vacancy occurriii;; ou tbe 
Circuit Uenclj, Mr. Garver was elected to till it, 
.and he still held that office at the time of his 
demise. Tlie same traits of character vvhich 
made him so al)lc a lawyer, inllucuccd his 
career on tlie bench, and he left behind him 
a record any of his associates may well envy. 
Mis death resulted from a combination of dis- 
orders, as ho was in ill health for some time, 
but the final end came somewhat suddenly, 
and was a distinct shock to the community. 
His funeral v\as one of the most largely at- 
tended of any celebrated at Rockford, the Revs. 
H. M. Kannen and R. II. I'ooley oUiciatia^, the 
Masonic fraternity being in charge, as he was 
a thirty-second degree Mason. Hi; belonged to 
other orders, and held all in high esteem, ap- 
preciating their fraternal character and 
brotherly love. 

Judge Garver married Jliss Sarah A. Segur, 
born April G, ISdO, danghti r of John and Jane 
(Trowbridge) Segur. Mr. Segur was born iu 
Granby, Conn., July G, 1S29, and his parents 
were natives of the s;ime State. Mrs. Segur 
died iu Rockford, September 7, 1900, but he 
survives, and although eighty-three years old, 
is as active as a man of fifty. Judge and Mrs. 
Garver became the parents of six children: 
Laura May, Lewis Cormauy, Karl and I'earl 
(twins), the latter dying in infancy, and Eva 
and Howell Segur, both residing at home. 

A beautiful tribute to Judge Carver's memory 
was paid by an old friend and former school- 
mate. Rev. George "^'. Crofts, of Beatrice, Xeb., 
who wrote the following upon hearing of his 
death : 

JOHN C. GARVFIR 

"A leaf, O Garver. T would lay 

Wet with a single tear. 
That brightly shines in memory's ray, 

Upon thy bier. 



That thy great 
That coiues to 



ife has found the end 
all. 



'O loyal, 
1 griev 



nu\ upi-isht fr 
pudden fall. 



"Vet thou hast left a record bright 
That death can never claim. 

That like a star of whitest light 
Will si>eak tUy lame. 

"Thy goodness and thy purity, 
Thy manhood and tlij- power. 

Can never sink beneath time's sea 
In one short hour. 

"These things eternal shall live ou 
For them there is no tomb ; 

They flourish when all else is gone. 
And sweetly bloom. 



"And yet, O Gai-ver, all too soon 

Thy earthly sun has set, 
And left us in thy life's high noon 

In deep regret." 

When any good man dies, deep regret is 
naturally felt that one whose e.\ami)le and liv- 
ing always tended towards a betterment of con- 
ditions should be taken away, but when death 
comes to a citizen of distinction whose place 
iu the world cannot be easily filled, then the 
sorrow seems more deplorable. As the friends 
of Judge Garver followed his mortal remains to 
their last restmg place in Rockford Cemetery, 
on Xovember 30. 1001, they realized the frailty 
of human tenure, and the impossibility of over- 
coming nature's law, no matter how highly 
clierjshed the loved one may be. Judge Carver's 
work here was accomplished. What he did 
was written upon the records of a higher court 
than any he presided over. The verdict in his 
case was reached, not only, however, by a 
divine tribunal, but by one composed of his 
associates, those who passed useful, happy 
hours in his company, and recognized his true 
worth as a man, a citizen and a jurist. 



DORIC]'] I) WIGHT SHU:^nYAT. 



.An acute, cool-headed man of business may 
connnand respect because of his L-reat capacities 
in managing vast enterprises and his power to 
change circumstances and conilitions to suit his 
will, and may have, as chosen associates, others 
of like calibre and similar power and interests. 



but. in order to secure the confidence and 
esteem of his fellowmen, he must have other 
qualities, and yet others of still tenderer fiber, 
to win personal affection. How rich, in this 
linht, was the late Dorice Dwight Shumway, 
■who, for so long a time was prominently idcnti- 



gf^^^gsH!^^ 



f 






1 #ti?.-^-' 



/ ^ 







^. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



949 



•led with ;i flairs of ttie most vital Interest iii 
different sections of Illinois and particularly at 
Taylorville and Spriusfield. In control of Ini- 
portaiit concerns for years, he proved his 
sat'acity and foresi^lit lieyoiid question, hut at 
the same time his interest in everythiu'j cal- 
culated to iielp others less fortunately simateij 
was shown liy Ins practical sympathy and ready 
generosity. 

Dorice Dwijrlit .shuimvay was horn December 
1!>, l.M.j, on a farm in Christian County, 111., 
about four miles east of Taylorville, and died 
in Saint .John's Hospital, at .Springfield, from 
paralysis, ,Tanuary 20, iril4. He was the second 
son and third cliild of D. D. and Emily A. 
(Kountree) Shumway. Two of his brothers. 
Iliram r. and J. N. C. Shumway, now deceased, 
were members of tlie Illinois State Senate. A 
sister, Mrs. D. T. Moore, is also deceased. The 
surviving members of the family are : A. F. 
Shumway, of Taylorville; Mrs. George Weber, 
of Chicago; and Mrs. .T. C. Tureman, of Napor- 
viUe, 111. 

Hurin;-' Mr. Shunuvav's boyhood the fauiily 
moved to Taylorville and he continued at 
school for a time and later had two years' 
luademic training at Ilillsfmro, and still later, 
in the winter of isc^oi, attended tlie Normal 
schioi at X.jriiial, ill., ill health causing !us 
ri'tuin then to liis home. His business career, 
however, may be said to have commenced when 
he was hut twelve years of age, when he became 
a clerk in the general store of W. \V. Anderson, 
at 'i'.iylorville, and assisted in the ixistofiice, 
remaining until IS.'il). In the winter of ISOl 
and ]S(l."i he taught a country school near 
Clarksxlale. In ISGG he embarked in business 
on Ills own account, forming a partnership with 
his uncle, A. II. H. Itountree, in a mercantile 
enterprise at Hillsboro, which connection was 
maintained until January 1, 1860, when Jlr. 
Sluimway sold his interest to his partner and 
returned to Ta.vlorville to become a partner of 
his father in the firm of Shumway & Sons. 
The death of his father, in the spring of ISTO, 
necessitated the closing out of this L'eneral store 
business, and during the following summer, with 
his brother, the late H. P. Shumway, he com- 
piled the first set of abstract hooks ever made 
in Cliristlan County, these books being still in 
use in the abstract othce at Taylorville. 

In l.STl Mr. Shumway formed a partnership 
with \Y. W. .Vnderson, In the banking business, 
under the firm u:\me of W. W. .Vndorson & 



Company, and in 1*^74 they oi>ened a branch 
bank at Pana, III., under the style of Anderson 
& Shumway. One year later this was trans- 
ferreil to Ilayward & Schuyler of Pana. Ou 
his return to Taylorville, Mr. Shumway again 
assumed the management of his banking house 
ami continued in charge until 1S.S2. subse- 
(piently ;;oin.- also into the grocery business, in 
which lino h.. continued until 1S.S!>. In 1S8T, 
when the Taylorville Coal Company was organ- 
ized. Mr. Shumway became one of the stock- 
holders and the secretary of the company, a 
position be filled until February, 1S90, when he 
wa.s n;ade general manager, and held that posi- 
tion until llie organization of the Springfield 
(.'oal Company, which company bought the mines 
at Taylorville, Kiverton and Springfield. He 
was made vice president and treasurer of the 
combination, winch is one of the most important 
industiics of this section, giving employment to 
ahont l.."(X) men. He was additionally inter- 
ested in enterprises of great worth to county 
and couiiannity. He was president and the 
I.-irw-t sto.kliolder in the Christian County 
Implcn)'nt Company and vice president of the 
First -Xational Bank of Taylorville, from 1504 
until his death. He was one of the chief 
orj^.uii/crs of the Citizens Ga.s, Light and Fuel 
Coni[>any. and the Taylorville Electric Com- 
]i:uiy. These two companies he afterward con- 
solidated under the name of Taylorville Gas & 
Electric Co., and became its president. In the 
year llNi,", he built the large building now" occu- 
pied by the Taylorville Mercantile Company, 
which company he also organized and of which 
he \\ as iiresident. this being the* first depart- 
ment .-loie in Taylorville. 

Foi two terms Mr. Shumway found time to 
serve as a member of the city council of Taylor- 
ville, and largely through his efforts the city 
seen red its present admirable system of water 
works. Straightforward, honest and energetic, 
he not only assumed responsibilities for the 
puhlie welfare but delighted in carrying them 
to .in end. During the time of his affili.atioa 
.with the Spriii-fiel.l Coal Mining Company, he 
eontimie,! to maintain his home at Taylorville, 
where he did much to add to the business 
st.il.ility and also the appearance in the way of 
property improving. Of recent years, he also 
took Lrre.it interest in the improvement of his 
farms. 

Mr. Shumway w;is married Septeuiber 2.", 
IsTT, at Salem. 111., to .Ml.-cs Marv I. Finlev. 



950 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



who was born in White County, and was a 
daughter of Dr. W. Jr. and Lucy (Watson) 
Finloy, a pioneer family of southern Illinois. 
Three sons were bum to Mr. and Mrs. Shum- 
way: Glenn Finley, Ilir.im .\ULiii and Dorlee 
Dwight. 

In the domestic oin le Mr. .Shuinway was at 
hi.s best, a tender husband and lovin;; father. 
Notwithstanding his multitudinniis business re- 
sponsibilities, he always found time to give 



attention to the home circle and enjoyed their 
companionship at all times, taking his family 
witii him when he visited the I'auama Canal. 
He was naturally of a cheerful, even jovial dis- 
position and enjoyed fraternal relationships, for 
many years being a Mason and was a charter 
member of the local lodge of Elks. It would 
be imiKjssilile to name all of his charities, but 
a noted one was the annual dinner he gave to 
the poor of his city. 



WILLIAM BARRY, 



William Barry, founder of the Chicago His- 
torical Society, was born at Boston, Mass., Jan- 
uary 10, ISOa, son of William and Esther (Stet- 
son) Barry. After preparing for college he 
entered Brown University (I'rovidence. R. I.), 
from which he graduated in 1n22. He studied 
for the legal profession but later entered the 
ministry, and became pastor of a Congi'egatioual 
church at Lowell, -Mass. He was luarried in 
1835 to Elizabeth Willard who died in 1SS3. In 
1S14 he traveled in Europe, and in 1S53 came 
to Chicago, which was iiis jilace of residence for 
the remainder of his life. Dr. Barry was keenly 
interested in history, and soon after coming to 
Cliicago began the collection of valuable his- 



torical publications and documents pertaining to 
this state. On the 9th of June, 1S5G. the Chicago 
Historical Society was organized under the 
leadership of Dr. Barry who became its secre- 
tary, in -uhich position he remained for twelve 
years. It was in Dr. Barry's room at the Chi- 
cago Historical Society that Mr. Lincoln ob- 
tained the materials for his memorable address 
at Cooper Institute, New York, in IsiJO. Dr. 
Barry died in Chicago, January 16, 1SS5. "He 
was one of the most accomplished scholars, of 
the West, and in his death Chicago hist a dis- 
tinguished representative of Puritan blood and 
culture." 



HENRY H. IIURLBUT. 



Henry H. Hurllmt, historian and critic, was 
born at Westhanjpton. .Mass., April 22, 1S13, son 
of Jonathan and I'ersis (Smith) Hurlbut. He 
was descended from a long line of colonial an- 
cestors, the first of whom arrived in America in 
1035 and settled in Connecticut. He was ni.'ir- 
ried to Mrs. Elizabeth (Sykcs) Graves, Decem- 
ber 3, ISoT. For many years he was the cashier 
of a bank at Oswego, N. Y. In later years he 
gave his time to research work in American his- 
tory and genealogy, and formed a library of 
rare and valuable books on these subjects, and 



became a member of the Chicago Historical 
Society in ISSO. He died in Chicago April 21, 
ISOO. .Mr. Hurlbut was the author of a volume 
entitled "Chicago Antiquities," and a "Geneal- 
ogy of the Hurlbut Family." As a critic of 
historical writing.s his work is of great value, 
and his volume of ".\ntiquitie.s" largely con- 
sists of comments upon the writings of Chicago 
historians, with numerous corrections of dates 
and facts, which ho had investigated with pains- 
taking thoroughness. 



ANDREW JA:\IES HODGES. 



In no branch of activity has there been more 
progress than in that of farnihig. When the 
pioneers of Illinois settled on their claims olj- 
tained from the government all their agri- 
cultural work was done by liand or with the 
assistance of horse power. The remarkable 
products of mechanical genius that are now 
considere<l absolutely necessary had not lK>en 
thought of, excejit in the dreams of the men 



who were to place their forerunners upon an 
una pprecia five market. Today thanks to the 
brains and persistent e.xperinients of these in- 
ventors, much of the drudgery of farm work 
has been eliminated and the farmer can operate 
his laud without sacrificing bodily comfort and 
health in the process. These implemcnt.s of to- 
day were not prod\iced at a moment's notice 
by any manner of means, but were brought 



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HISTORICAL EN'CYCLOrEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



951 



fortli tliriiiit:U stress anJ agony. Fortuucs were 
hac-rllkiMl, niid lives offerea uji iu their ultiiuate 
I>t.'rfiftiun. The first machines were hut crude 
nlTalrs, hut from these have been developed the 
imweriul iuii'leuieuts that seem to he almost 
IcTfect In every rospcK't. In reviewing tlio his- 
tory of the doveloimient of a^'ricultural imple- 
iiieiitK, it is necessary to take Into careful con- 
hid.riill.ui the record of the life of one cf the 
iiH-ii wlio bore so lm|K)rtant a part in it here in 
lUliiol-', namely Andrew James Hodges, now de- 
i^iiMMl, who for many years honored Peoria by 
uiaLliii; Ihat city his place of residence. 

.Mr. Undoes was born at Norton, Mass., Octo- 
Nt ;n, 1S15, a son of Leonard and Hannah 
(I'lvl;) Hodges, both natives of Massachusetts. 
The falhor was a farmer and carpenter, and he 
taught his sou his own trade. Reared on the 
farm that was his birthplace, Andrew James 
Hodges was early impressed with the need for 
mechanical assistance in the work, and his 
knowledge of the carpenter trade led hiiu to 
boyish e.xperiments. His educational training 
was confined to that obtained in the public 
schoiils of his locality, and when he was twenty 
years old he went to Boston, where he worked 
nt Ills trade, and later to Delavan, 111., where 
lie :irrlved In 1^37. There he did some very 
v.i;\!iil.le work as a contractor and builder, and 
rciiiahied In that jtlace until 1S4S, when he 
lu'-aied at I'eoria. During all these years he 
was experimenting and endeavoring to embody 
Millie of his ideas in practical form, and in 
1>><V1, lie i)urchased the Berker & Hawley works 
a( I'ekin, ill., which later were consolidated 
with the plant at Pekiu, and he conducted the 
buslnesss under the style of A. J. Hodges & Co. 
until ]S0O, at which time he sold his interests 
to the .Verne HaiTester Company. During the 
IX'riod that he was in charge of his powerful 
company, he became the leading producer of 
agricultural implements of his kind iu the state, 
manufacturing the Haines Illinois Harvester, 
which he developed from tlie original wooden 
machine; and the Hodges Steel Header which 
is still used extensively iu the United States 
and South .\merica. .Vlthough some vcars have 



passed since .Mr. Hodges withdrew from the con- 
cern his energy and keen foresight had built 
to such large proportions, the results remain 
and his machines are still in wide use. 

On August 1, 1S44, Mr. Hodges was united in 
marriage with Sarah E. tJrant of Delavan, 111., 
born in 1N21, a lady who survives him, and is 
wonderfully iireserved, both physically and men- 
tally. .She reads and sews without glasses, and 
her recollections of earlier days are not only 
remarkable, but very interesting. She is a 
daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Hubbard) 
Grant of I'rovidence, R. I. Mr. Grant was an 
inventor and manufacturer and after a success- 
ful career as a Imsiness man, retired to a farm 
in the vicinity of Delavan, 111., and it was there 
that Mr. and Mrs. Hodges were married. Mr. 
and .Mrs. Hodges became the parents of the 
following children : ,Vnua Elvira, who was Mrs. 
Henry Welber, is now deceased; Mittie May, 
who is Jlrs. Edward Arnold of Brovidence, R. 
I.; and Jennie Grant and Charles Andrew, both 
of whom are at homo. Mrs. Hodges still resides 
in the home .Mr. Hodges' care provided for her, 
when he built it thirty years ago. It is a very 
.spacious and comfortable residence, and in it 
Mr. Hodges died October P, 1000, when he was 
almost eight.v-five years old. He was an Odd 
Fellow fraternally, and held to the Universalist 
faith in religious matters, having adopted it 
sixty-live years prior to his demise. In politics 
he was a Republican from the time of the or- 
ganization of the party to his death, but never 
would accept otiice. A man of uncommon ability, 
kindly disposition and broad sympathies, he 
knew how to win the aiiproval of men and earn 
and retain their friendship. His interest in 
I'eoria atul its development was warm, and he 
ever contributed generously towards the ad- 
vanceniont of those measures which apijcaled 
to him as being worthy of furtherance. .\1- 
thcmgh an aged man at the time of his death, 
he was missed, and the people of Peoria recog- 
nized that one of the city's most honored citi- 
zens and generous supporters had passed to his 
last reward. 



WILLIAM W. AXDERSOX, 



There are, unquestionably, men of natural 
force found in every prosperous community, 
who, hj- rea.sou of their inherent ability, by the 
use of their brains and the soundness of their 
judgment, attain distinction and acquire 



authority. They are men who industriously 
work for an end and in helping themselves 
add to the sum of comfort and happiness for 
all about them. These quiet, resourceful men 
are the dependence of the whole social fabric. 



952 



HISTORICAL I'.XCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



for their edVirts ni)t only briiis into liein^ the 
substantial iiidusti'ies tbat .support coiiunercc, 
but conduct them aloni^ the safe ami sane 
channels which assiire public pro^-in'iity and 
general conteutaiont. Tliey may he men nf 
ver.satilo gifts and talents of a liiuh onlm- in 
many directions, but it is in their smmdnoss, 
their vitality and their steadiness tliat they 
are such im[iortanl factors in tlie \v.)rlirs wurU. 
A lieavy loss is experienced when a man i.f this 
type is removed from any community and Chris- 
tian County sustained this loss when William 
AV. Anderson, long one of Taylorville's most 
esteemed citizens passed off the stage of life. 

William W. Anderson was born in Henderson 
County, Ky., October I'T, 1825. and died at Tay- 
lorville, December 11, isri.'l. He was of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry and of Itevolutionary stock. Ilia 
forefathers scttlcil early in the Virginia colony 
and many of the family took part in milit.iry 
affairs, the grandfathers serving in tln^ \.ar vt 
Independence, and his father, George H. .Vn- 
derson, fighting under General Jackson in the 
battle of Xew Orleans. In Tennessee. George 
H. Anderson was married to Nancy Mann and 
stKin afterward they moved to Henderson 
County, Ky., and from there, in l^UO, to Illi- 
nois, settling two miles east of Ilillsboro. in 
Jloutgomery Count.v. George H. Anderson dieil 
at the age of si-\ty-one years. Of tlie twelve 
children born to his parents, William W. was 
the si.xtU in onler of birth. 

A child of five years when his parents settled 
in the wilds of Montgomery Cnunty, Willi.im 
W. Anderson saw much of iiioueer life and e.\- 
perienced many of its disadvantages, .-^elionl 
opportunities were not easily availalile in his 
boyhood but he attended sessions in tlu' lir-t log 
schoolhouse erected in the county. When 
seventeen years of age he went to work on the 
farm of Ju<Ige Hiram Itountree, of Ilillsboro. 
and remained in his em[iloy for eiiiht years, 
later assisting in .Jud^e liountreo's store, when 
the latter was attending to his duties as eiri-uit 
clerk of the county. In 1S.->1 .Mr. Andnsnn 
came to Christian County and to..); cliarg<' i,t 
a farm situate,! f.air miles east ot T.iylnvville, 
removing t,< the t"wn three years later and 
there becoming a salesman in the store of 
Shumway & Cheney. In l.S.">4 -Mr. Cheney ilied 
and his brother-in-law, Albert Sattley. took o\ er 
his interests, and in turn, was succeeded by the 
firm 01' SUnmw.iy ..t Anderson. This partner- 
ship continued for two years, when Mr. .\uder- 



son became sole owner. His character as a 
merchant and his ability as a fin.-incier, made 
his business career one of markeil success. 
Prior to 1871 he relinciuished the management 
of this mercantile enteri)rise and in this year 
founded the bank of W. W. Anderson & Co., 
his partner being 1). IJ. .Shumway, an associa- 
tion which continued for twelve years, Mr. 
Shumway then retiring. The late Hiram An- 
derson, Mr. .Vnderson's eldest son, then became 
a member of the banking firm. The history of 
the bank, yet one of the sound, con.servative 
business houses of Taylorville, may be given 
here. On Xovember 1. ISSi;. the bank was in- 
corporated as the I'irst National Baidc of Tay- 
lorville, with a capitalization of -f 7.5,000, Wil- 
li.am W. Anderson becoming president and con- 
tinuing in this relation until his death. At that 
time his son, Frederick W. Anderson, who had 
been cashier, was made president and so con- 
tinues. Kdwiu R. Wright becoming cashier. In 
tiiei;, under the presidency of Frederick W. 
Anderson, the capitalization was raised to 
.^lOO.tMiO, at which lime the surplus was .$2.5,000, 
with undivided profits of $25,000. In 1911 the 
cai>italization was increased to ?200,000, while 
the suriilus is $100,000. Not only as an honor- 
able merchant and able financier was Jlr. x\n- 
derson prominent in Christian County. He had 
many interests and was an important factor in 
the development of the local coal fields and was 
the owner and improver of much valuable real 
estate at Taylorville. He was notably public 
spirited and early recognized the necessities of 
ample transjiortation facilities, at one time ac- 
eeptin- a position on the directing board of the 
Ohio & Mississii)]ii I'.ailroad, and later, he was 
lar-'ely instrumeut.il in securing j)Ublic utilities 
at 'J'a.\ lorville. which now enjoys a modern 
water wo)ks system. .Mr. .Anderson was presi- 
dent of the first electric lighting and steam 
heating company at Taylorville. As president 
<if the board of supervi.sor.^ for a number of 
years, he advocated practical reforms and im- 
provements which pi-oved of vast benefit to this 
part of Christian Count.v. He was a man of 
wide vision and, although he did not live to see 
all his hopes for his city and county fully real- 
ized, he was able to feel gratified with what his 
ell'orts liad acconjiilished. 

In 1S,",0 Mr. Anderson was 'married to Miss 
Nan 1!. Hountree, who died in 1851, without 
issue. .She was a daughter of Judge Hiram 
Kountree. His second marriage, in 1S60, was 



niSTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



953 



to Mnrtha L. Wri^-Iit. a dnii-hter of IIov. Ricli- 
ard anil >tartlia Randle, nativi's of Georgia and 
of \'Irginia, respectively. Rev. Rkbard Randle 
«as a Mitluxlist niiiiister and his circuit e.x- 
t.ti.KMl from Kollfville to reoria. It is re- 
nifnihered of liiiii that he was not only a doc- 
tor of soul.s. hut also, to some extent, a prac- 
titioner of nifdic-iue, and very often his services 
in licilh ciipa'-ities wore ueedetl sorely. To the 
sci-ond iiiairi:i-e of ifr. Anderson the follow- 
In:: ihlldrin were lM>rn: Iliraui R., who died at 
tile a-e of twenty nine years; Nannie West, 
wl:.. ilh'd in infancy: Frederick William, who 
married .\dclia B. Sanders, of San Antonio, 



Tc.K., a dau^-liter of fleor-e W. and Bertha L. 
Sanders, and they have one dau-liter. Bertha 
Lonise; Mrs. Grace .\. Ilawley, wlio is a resi- 
dent of Taylorvillc; and .Mrs. Charles 11. Wil- 
lenis, who is a rcshh^nt of I'aris. France. Jlr. 
Charles 11. Willcms is a portrait painter who 
Is well known h..th in the i;nite<l .States and ia 
p:urope. Mr. Anderson was a man of many 
charities and fre<iuently served on lienevolent 
hoards. From yontli he was a niemher of the 
Methodist ICpiscopal church and at the time of 
death was one of the church trustees. He was a 
Royal Arch Mason of many years standing. 



CASPER SCHMIDT. 



Tlie man who founds and develops an im- 
mense business enterprise must i)osscss quali- 
ties of an unusual nature. Combined with the 
mind to plan, must be the ability to execute. 
aiKl the foresi^dit to grasp opportunities con- 
ditions i)rotluce. Contemporary history gives 
tlie names of a number of men who have made 
their products known the country over, but per- 
. haps tliere is no more striking case of what one 
iiiiMi accomiiiished during his span of years, 
lli.iii that affi^rdcd in the life rocord of the late 
C.-ispci- Schmidt, of Elgin. Born at Dolgesheim, 
Hess,- Darmstadt, Germany, December 25, IS.S:?, 
lie came of an excellent, substantial family of 
that locality, his father, for whom he was 
Jiumed, being a weaver. Unlike many, he was 
sriven an excellent education in the public 
schiMils. and was taught the trade of a cooper. 
On attaining his majority, the young man left 
Germany for America, and easily found work 
at his trade, in the United States, for he was 
t^killful and willing, but after three years spent 
at Buffalo, he came west to Chicago, and then 
pi-oceeded to Elgin, where he laid the founda- 
tions of his future business, by building a 
cooper's shop on Division Street, near Douglas 
.V venue. By 1.SS2 he found it necessary to erect 
a much larger plant, locating it on North State 
Street, and this he conducted personally until 
his retirement in 1S02. In the meanwhile Mr. 
Schmidt's keen mind had probed into the future, 
and foreseen the time when demand for but- 
ter tubs would bo the natural outgrowth of the 
butter industry, then growing so important at 
i:i'-'in. so be foumled the Elgin Co-Oi'erative But- 
ter Tub Company, now the Elgin Butter Tub 



Company, one of the soundest concerns of Elgin. 
-Vfter acting as the lirst president of this com- 
pany, Mr. Schmidt retired a few years prior to 
his death, but always maintained his interest, 
and was lookc*«l upon as u valued adviser. 

A man of public spirit, he gave attention to 
local affairs, and while a niomhor of the county 
board of supervisors, was a member of the com- 
mittee which hail' charge of the erection of a 
new courthouse, and devised the plans by means 
of which the expense was defrayed without an 
increase in the lax levy. For three terms he 
was a member of the city council from the Sev- 
entii Ward, and it was during that period that 
the water works were constructed, a sewer sys- 
tem established and the farm bought that later 
was made into the Bluff City cemetery. His 
Interest in and ajiproval of these measures was 
Constant and marked, and he never lost an oi>- 
portunity to advance the prosperity of his city. 

In ISni. Mr. Schmidt married Elizabeth 
Beeclier, of Lake County, 111., and they became 
the parents of six sons and one daughter: 
Charlc's. George, ITeiiry, John, r.,ouis, Edward 
and I'Ji/aheth. Tlie sons are prominent business 
men of i:iu-in, associated with the business the 
father I'oiiiidi il. These sons also own vast tracts 
of timheilMiii', from which their raw product is 
obtained, and they shi|. to all j.arts of the United 
States and Canada, as well as to foreign lands. 

Tlie class tu which Mr. Schmidt belonged is 
passing. He came to this country, a skilled 
workm.m. but perfectly willing to economize 
and work hard to establish himself. Nothing 
was too dilhcnlt for him. no work too hard. As 
he earned a little money, he put it back into his 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



business. lie livod to sue th:it Imsiiicss .i.'ro\v to April ,";. 
protKirtioiis wliiili utterly exeeeiieil liis fuiido' t ily hoiiii 
dreuuis in earlier days. His d.'ath oeeurrfd ternieiit 



lie was liurieil from tlie fanj- 
I.aurence Avenue, Elgin, in- 
'.hiff City Cemetery. 



JACOB STRAWN. 



From the elevated plane of puMic service, 
down thiY)UL;li the lields of its usefulness to the 
community and into the privacy of Lis family 
circle, the track of the life of Jacoh .Strawn 
was characterized by a constant and consistent 
uprightness born of hi.irh principles. His busi- 
ness career was marked by continuous action, 
and, as a citizen, he ever publicly displayed his 
patriotism, never bein- afraid to stand by his 
convictions. Mr. Strawn was born in Somer- 
set County, ra., near the You.c;hio?;heny ];iver, 
on May 30, ISno, a son of Isaiah and Rachael 
(Reed) Strawn and a grandson of Daniel 
Strawn. The family was founded in America 
hy Jacob Strawn, the great-great-grandfather of 
the younger Jacob Strawn, who came, with 
William Penn, in 1GS2, to his po.ssesslons tliat 
were later to he a part of the great common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania. Isaiah Strawn mar- 
ried Rachael Reed of Bucks County, Pa., and 
he became the father of six children of whom 
Jacob was the youngest. In 1S17, the family 
migrated to Ohio where tliey bought and im- 
proved a farm. They were originally Quakers, 
but subsequently .joined the Methodist church, 
c-arrylng with them the love of truth and sim- 
plicity which characterizes those who are mem- 
bers of the Society of Friends. Isaiah Strawn 
died in 1S4-1, his wife having passed away 
April 4, 1S43, he being eighty-four years of age. 
During the War of the Revolution, Isaiah 
Strawn was engaged as a teamster. A British 
command was sent to confiscate the teams and 
arms ; and a small company was sent as a 
guard to protect the suiiplies, and when the 
Red Coats approached, firing as they drew near, 
Mr. Strawn, forgetting that he was a Quaker, 
took a musket and hurried to join the repelling 
force. With them he fought so well that the 
major in charge urged him to enlist. Thus It 
was that he joined the ranlcs of the Revolu- 
tionary army. 

Jacob Strawn was a worthy son of his father, 
and while engaged In securing as good an edu- 
cation as his time and locality iiermitted, he 
was learning the details of farming and stock- 
raising, early recognizing the profit to be made 
from a proiier development of the agricultural 



resources of this country. At the age of seven- 
teen Jacob Sli-awn went to Licking County, 
Ohio, and there he married, two years later, 
Matilda Green, daughter of Itev. John Green, 
and they settled on some unbroken land for 
which Mr. Strawn paid ?100 cash. In addition 
to developing his land, Mr. Strawn began to 
deal in horses, and he found it profitable. 
While seeking bargains lu horses, he made a 
trip to Illinois in 1S2S, and instead of invest- 
ing as he had intended, he purchased land. 
One tract south of Jacksonville, Morgan Coun- 
ty, was secured for ?10 per acre, an unprece- 
dented price at that time, ,and contained IGO 
acres, on which ho built the house that was 
later the family's residence for years. How- 
ever, he did not locate permanently in Morgan 
County until May 17, 1S,'.1^ This removal was 
a wise move, for Mr. Strawn came to a com- 
paratively new country at tlie time when land 
was cheap and the stock business In its In- 
fancy, and he had excellent opportunities of 
making developments along agricultural lines. 

The first house, said to be the largest in 
Morgan County, was one of those crude log 
ones that were found throughout Illinois at 
that period. In this house, Mrs. Strawn died, 
December S, ISSl, having borne her husband 
three children, namely: liev. William Strawn, 
who is of Odell, HI. ; James G., who is a farm- 
er of Orleans, 1)1.; and Isaiah, who is engaged 
in farming near Jacksonville, 111, The first two 
named aie now deceased. On July S, 1.S32, Mr. 
Strawn was married (second) to Phehe Gates, 
a daughter of Samuel Gates of Greene County, 
111. Her mother was a relative of Rali.h Wal- 
do Emerson, and Jlrs. Strawn was noted in her 
youth for her beauty and intelligent graces. 
Burn in Ohio, near Marietta, Mrs. Strawn came 
to Illinois with her parents and was reared in 
Greene County, where she attended one of the 
best private schools that the country afforded. 
Mr. and Mrs. Strawn became the parents of 
si.K children : Daniel, who was killed in a mill 
accident; Julius F., wlio is mi'iitinned else- 
where in this work; Jacob; Gales; David, and 
.Martha Amelia. 

The career of Jacob Strawn as a stock man 



I 1 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



955 



Is one that coiiiuiiuul.s attention. I.ivinL; lieforo 
the ilays of stockyards iind meat eonibines, he 
furnished .St. Louis with a larj:e iKirtion of the 
beef tlrit tlie city eonsunied, seudins over 4,iXiO 
head of lieeves to one tirni during: a sinL'le year. 
lie hou^-ht and sold more eattle tlian any other 
man in tlie Imsiness, and. berause liis priKlui ts 
could he Imiilhitly reli(-^l on, liis name was 
known frum iciast to coast. In addition to liis 
heavy livestock inter.-i<, he conducted hotb 
a hutcherlnj; iilant and a Ilourmill, supplyins 
Jacksonville with hoth hcef and flour. Realiz- 
ing the future v.iliics of Illinois land, he in- 
vested heavily, owning' at various times some 
20,000 acres in Morgan and Sangamon counties. 
Ho never refused to sell laud at a fair advance. 
Jacob Strawn was a man who believed in im- 
proving his methods. He was wisely not con- 
tent to let well enough alone, but was constant- 
ly trying out new plans with eminently satis- 
factory results. He had decided that stock- 
feeding and grazing gave comparatively the best 
returns, and accordingly devoted himself large- 
ly to tins enterprise. lie was the first man to 
introduce the system of st;!ll-f ceding cattle with 
shocked corn, in the State of Illinois, and his 
Ideas in regard to this method of procedure 
were {-agerly accepted by the other agricul- 
turists and are still followed. While he was 
es.sentially a farmer and a stock man, Mr. 
Stiawn was broad minded enough to realize 
the value of local improvements, and in ISDO 
commenced the building of Strawn Hall, at 
Ja> ksonvillo, \^hich still stands as a monu- 
ment to his munificent public spirit. A strong 
Vniou sympathizer, he aided the cause in every 
way. Not only did Mr. Strawn donate !?10,C»00 
to the Christian Commission, but he sent fift.v 



cows to furnish milk for the injured soldiers. 
Successful himself, he desired to see others 
make the most of their opportunities, and he 
never failed to lend a helping hand. 

Early in life he was a Whig, but all of his 
sympathies cond>ined to make him an en- 
thusiastic supi)orter of the llepublican party, 
from its organization in ls."i(; until his death 
August L'3, 1st;.". His remains were laid to rest 
in Diamond (^rove Cemetery, Jacksonville, to 
await the last trumpet call. His widow sur- 
vived him until February il. 1000, when she too 
passed away. Mrs. Strawn was a very char- 
italile lady, and left .$20,000 to the Illinois 
College, $10,000 to the Jacksonville Fenuile 
Academy, and .'?10,00<) to the Passavant Memo- 
rial Hospital, in addition to several large sums 
previously gi\cn. 

In the great conflict between the principles 
of good and evil which seem to be the heritage 
of humanity, aud of which this world seems to 
be the battle-ground, the life of Jacob Strawn, 
guided by sound principles, made itself no un- 
certain record. His conception of business hon- 
or and obligations was high, and he never failed 
to live Up to his ideals. No man could ever say 
that he did not receive a fair deal in any trans- 
action with Jacob Strawn, His success iu life, 
which was remarkable, came not from an unfair 
dealing with others, but rather from his ability 
to handle vast undertakings and control ex- 
tensive interests. The life of sueli a man 
teaches distinctive lessons and proves that hon- 
esty, sincerity and u]>rightness do pay, and that 
an unblemished name can only be insured by 
right actions and proper living. He was a man 
far in ii.d\ance of his time. 



JULIUS E. STRAAVX. 



It is generally accepted as a truism that 
no man of genius or acknowledged ability can 
he Justly judged while iu the thickest of the 
fight for success, chiefly because time is neces- 
^■ary to ripen the estimate upon work which 
om only be viewed on all sides iu the calm 
ntmosjihere of a more or less remote period 
from its completion. This is in no way inap- 
propriate to the life accomplishment of Julius 
K. Strawn, who has long occupied a conspic- 
uous place in the history of Morgan County. 
No man in the comnuniity has had warmer 
friciids or is more generally esteemed. He is a 
man of refinement and culture, greatly trav- 



eled, of fine business ami financial ability, an.l 
one who has achieved success in his atlalrs. 
Called from a European tour l)y the death 
of his si-stcr, he took over the management of a 
large estate left to him by his father, and 
exhiliitcd such ability in it< coiidn.'t tli.it ho 
was calUil upon to fill positions of rr~p,.nsi- 
bility in the world of business and Ihiance, 
and for a number of years has l.ccn president 
of the Jacksonville National r.anU. Ills ac- 
quaintance is large in political. rcIlL-lous and 
social circles, and his declining to nil more 
positions of importance is all that has kept 
him from being still more fully orcupie<l. 



956 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Julius E. Strawu was born Doceuiber ^, 
l&o, at Grass Plains, five ruilos soutliwest of 
Jacksonville, a son of Jatob and riiebe 
(Gates) Strawn. WTien ten years of age, 
Julius Strawn was sent to school under Rev. 
William Eddy, who conducted a private scliool, 
and later was a papil in the private school di- 
rected by Talniatje Collins and Wyldor Fair- 
bank, riding on horseback, ten uiiles a day to 
and from his home. lie also was enrolled In 
the school taught by James Henderson, and 
recited his Latin lesson under the tutorship of 
Mr. Paul Selby. In the fall of is.-,i; he entered 
the preparatory siMiool of Newton Bateiuaii. 
where he S])cnt one year, prior to enteriui; the 
Illinois College, in 1S07. On being graduated 
from that institution in ISGl, he was engaged 
for several months as an agent for his father 
in New York City, receiving cattle shi[)ped to 
that point from his father's farm. For two 
years he engaged in cultivating a part of his 
father's land in Morgan County. Without 
solicitation from any one he was appointed 
colonel on the staff of the famous 'War 
Governor" Yates. 

Mr. Strawu went abroad in ISG.j for a Euro- 
pean tour, mainly on account of his health, 
and spent three years across the water, con- 
sulting the leading physicians in France and 
Germany. At London he was the recipient of 
special courtesies from Charles Francis Adams, 
the United States' Ambassador to Great Brit- 
ain, and he sub.seriuently visited Ireland, at- 
tending the World's Fair at Dulilin. After in- 
cluding in his travels many points of histori- 
cal interest in Scotland, he returned to Lon- 
don, went to Paris for an extended stay, wont 
thence to rjelgium, pa.s.sod through the lUiine 
Country and remained several weeks at Ai.\- 
la-Chapclle, later enjoying the baths at 
Crucznach, near Bingon-on-the-I!hiiic. An ex- 
cursion to Russia followed, and there he was 
received by the United States' minister, Cassius 
M. Clay, who ol)taiuod for him an introduction 
t-o the Winter Palace, and the picture galleries 
and private apartments of the Czar, thus 
granting him the unusual privilege of viewing 
the crown jewels and other royal tre:isures. 
On Ids return to Germany, he visited Frankfurt 
and Raden and spent several weeks in Iloidel- 
burg. tlioii wont to Muulrh and over the .VIps 
bv way of P,rennor Pass to Verona and G<^noa. 



Italy. Tiers he joined a party of German 
friends on a coaching trio over the Riviera 
to Nii-o. Returning to Italy by sea, he passed 
.seveKil weeks in Rome and other Italian cities, 
and returned by way of Genera, Switzerland. 
While in Switzerland, ht received notice of the 
serious Illness of his younger and only sister, 
Martha Amelia (r\iattie) Strawn, and he imme- 
diately hastened to London, where he boarded 
a mail train for Queenstown, and there man- 
aged to calch the steamer v\-hich had left 
Liverpool tiie day before. Taking passage on 
th.e 'Cify of Loi;d->n," commanded by Capt 
P.rooks, fhc (.onmiandrrr of the "City of 
Washington" on wliich Strawn had arrived iii 
Europe, he finally reached home, but too late 
to be at Hie bedside of his sister, who had 
pas.se'i away. At this time. Mr. Strawn as- 
sumed charge of his farm and other property, 
making bis home with his mother on the old 
jilace until ISS2, at which tirue Mrs. Strawn 
and Iter family located iu Jacksonville. 

The ci'use of education has always had a firm 
fri, lid ia Julius E. Stravrn. In 1S7C, he was 
made tru.stee of the Illinois College and the 
Presbyterian Academy, and in 1SS2, upon the 
death of L. M. Glover, D. D., he became the 
president of the board of trustees of the Pres- 
byterian Academy. Late in 190-1 he became 
acting president of the Illinois College for 
three months, serving as such until the election 
of his successor. In 1S71 he became a stoeli- 
holder in the Jacksonville National Bank, was 
made a member of the directing board in 1SS4, 
and on the resignation of O. D. Fitzsimmons, 
was elected president of that strong financial 
iii-tUuti":i. but declinwl to serve. In 1905 he 
w:is again chosen us its chief executive and 
this tln;o acccpteil. lie still holds that oflice iu 
ail ;iiJvis,iry r.iiKU ity, though debarred from 
ai-tive iiaitici[iation on account of physical dis- 
ability following acute disease of some years 
ago. Mr. Strawn is a member of State Street 
Presbyterian Church, whose Sunday school he 
attended under the superhitendency of David 
P>. Avers, and also his son, Marshall P. Ayers. 
While Mr. Strawn has always been a Repub- 
lican in National politics, he has never hesitated 
ill home elections to support any Democrat 
whom he thought better fitted ' for the office 
than his ojiiiouent. 



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HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF iiiLINOIS. 



957 



GEORGE F. DICK. 



George r. Dick was lioni :it Tiflin, 0!u.>, 
?'ebrii:iry --, ISl'f*. ;in<l died at IJIoomington, 111., 
at the ii^'u of ei;'lity-six ye:ir>;. .Vfter his I'O- 
markalily bi-illiiuit record as an olticer of the 
Twentk'tli and tlic IM.u'hty-sixth Indiana Volnn- 
teer ro;;iiin'ids, in tlie Civil war, he became. In 
ISG.j, a resident of I'doouiinston. His reput^t- 
tiou had iireceded hiui, and Blooniington an<i 
the .state of Illinois, while proud of the records 
of their own pallant native .sons, became equally 
nroud to claim tlii.s newwmer as a welcoms 



ral I)ick'.s services in the Twentictli In- 
[nlaiitry wei-e [lerfonncd in a largo nuni- 
lost iiniiort:int liattles of the Army 
iiac, in which ho was promoted to 
his rc;,'!meut. On October 21, ISOi, 
)inted by Governor Morton, of In- 
•nant colonel of the Eighty-si:;th. 
na, tlion cnu'ai;od in the Atlanta camjiaig-n. 
.(H\u became colonel of the regiment and 
than siiriiassed his former brilliant record 



dia 

her of the n 
of the Totoi 
be major of 
he was apjn 
diana, lieut 
Indiana, tlie 
He soon be 
mc 



in the Army t>f the •'•'tomac. He tool; i«irt iu 
■ luite a nu nber of the loading battles in the 
camiiaign, and wag at Chattanooga and Chicka- 
liiauga. In the uiemorab'.e assault on Missionary 
Ridge, the Fighty-si.xtli and Seventy-ninth In- 
diana regiments v-eri'Tmed one of the most 
remarkribu- a.:-tious of the entire war, giving 
these two historic couuua'nds a military fame 
equal t(; that, of Anthony Wayne's storming of 
SioLy Point during the Revolutionary war. Iu 
this miction tliese two regiment.s climbed the 
steep, rocky fro,;t of the Iiidgi^ in the face of a 
murderous fire, during wiilcU the colors of the 
Eighty-si.\th were struck by more than eighty 
bullets, and the^\ were the means of accomplish- 
ing what the southern generals had always con- 
'^idered an impo.ssibility. .\t tlie close of the 
war Coionel Dick was brevete<l brigadier gen- 
eral. During his entire perioiA of residence in 
Illinois he was always an :iduiired and highly 
honored citizen. lie scr\eii twelve years as 
postma- tor at Bloomingtun. 



TRUMA^s^ ARNOLD MASON. 



A long life with varied interests gave the late 
Tnnuan A. JIason a wide and representative 
acquaintance with men and affairs. The broad- 
ening inlhionce of this cosmopolitan knowledge 
was no(i(c,il>le iu his management of the large 
cntiri irises with which his name was ideuti- 
liod f.ir iiiniiy years. He was born at New Hart- 
ford. Oneida County, X. Y., March 14, IS-IG, of 
i;n-:li>h ancestry and Kevolutionary stock, and 
died ,it his home in Joliet, March 17th, 1910. 

The founder of the Mason family iu New I'ug- 
land W!is .Sampson Mason, who arrived from 
England some time in the seventeenth century, 
ami for generations afterward the family was 
identified with Cheshire, Mass. From there re- 
moval was made by Arnold Mason, grandfather, 
to New York. He was a business man and also a 
uiilitary licro, serving as captain in the state 
militia ai:d also with the same rank during the 
War of T<12. He subsefiuently liecamc a niom- 
lier of tlio New York City contracting linn of 
l.ow. M.'ison & Roberts, luiildevs of high bridges 
and cii-M-ed in the censtruetion of the Erie 
Canal. 

Daniel C. Mason, sun of Arnobl and father 
of Truman A. Mason, was born in Oneida C uni- 
ty, N. Y., and In young manhood was as<.,( iateil : 
with his father in the contracting business. I'ol- 



lowiug his marriage la 
pursuits near L'tica, N 
until Ib.'iT, when he rei 
Will County, 111., wlier 



en'^aged in agricultural 
Y., where he remained 
oved with his family to 
ed life us a 



•onlinti 



farmer for a time and then retired. Iu Oneida 
County he married Cornelia II. Kellogg, whose 
family came to New York from Counecticiit. 

On his father's farm mar I tica, Truman .\. 
Mason spent his youthful days and imbilied a 
love for the soil thai he iievi-r b>st. at later 
periods in his life seeking in the peaceful lair- 
suits of agriculture the rest and refreshment 
demanded after years of streuuous exertion iu 
the bu.sy tields of connnerce. lli< early educa- 
tional advantages inclmled aitemlance at Whites- 



town Seminary, 
visited Chicago 
York, and aftc 
rented and ojiei 



his nai 



ist;^ he 
)t New 



Uneida CouuI\ 



ol irain 

. Snbse 



958 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



dealers in L'Kink books, st;itioiHTy iiiid iirinters' 
supplies. Two years later Mr. Mason sold liU 
Interest and in ISC'J came to JoUet, where he 
embarked iu the lunilier business with Frank E. 
and llenvy It. I'lant, under the firm uani.' oi 
Mason & riant, manufacturers of sash, d:jors 
and blinds. Mr. .Mason cuiitinued to be actively 
concerned with the business of this firm until 
the spring of ISSO, when he disposed of his firm 
interest and went into the lumlier jobbin',- trade 
at the cut-off. Close attention to the demands 
of his business so impaired his health that in 
the summer of ISSG he retired to bis farm, a 
fine property then situated ju.st outside tlie cor- 
poration limits of Joliet. He remained on the 
farm until plans were cousnnmiated fur tlie 
foundin:; of the Joliet National Bank, of which 
he was one of the organizers and the first presi- 
dent, and he was successively reelected the 
head of that institution from March 2. 1^'jl, 
until his demise. He was a man of acknowl- 
edged business sagacity and his intejirity uas 
an asset in every enterprise with which his n.ime 
was associated. It threw about his actions a 
glow of sincerity which gave the promise or 
word of Mr. Mason the value of pure gold. 

Although he was essentially a business man, 
Mr. Mason was never neglectful of his respon- 
sibilities as a citizen, accei)ting the same when 
he found them in the path of public duty and 
administering every office with a due sense of 
its importance. For si.x ^ears he was a mem- 
ber of the City Board and served once as an 
alderman, for one year served as assistant su- 
iwrvisor and for several years was president of 



the Township Ili-h .School Bjard and the city 
schiiol board. 

On September 2.t>, '.iP'ii. Mr. .^Ias(Ml was united 
la maniage with Hannah K. Caton. a native of 
Chicago, but has lived ia Joliet for 47 years, a 
daughter of \VilUam .Venn and Eli/.abeth (Steele) 
Caton, natives respectively of New Hartford, 
Conn., and of Klizabethtown, on Lake Cham- 
plaiu, Vt. For a nuiubei- of years prior to mov- 
ing to Chicago, Mr. Caton was a farmer, but 
after locating on .Madison Street, now in tlie 
heart of the business di^■trvc^ of the metropolis, 
he iiad V.'.c supervision of all the canal shiiiping. 
ills health failed uuu then he and his brother, 
afterward Judge Caton, of Ottawa, 111., went 
i!!to partnership and purchased and stocked the 
great Caton farm. On that property Mrs. Mason 
passed her childhood and until her fifteenth year, 
at which time her father's health again required 
.'1 change of environment and the family moved 
to Joliet. where he lived retired. I'or many years 
he v,as suiiervisor of his township. Her father 
was a monibcr of the Society of Friends, com- 
ing of soiind old Quaker stock and itosse.ssing 
many of (he beautiful traits .ind substantial vir- 
tues for which the sect is imtcd. In ciiu'ai;iiig 
qualities Mrs. Mason is their worthy dau,'hter. 

Three children were born to Mr. and Jlrs. 
Mason : Cornelia M., who is now deceased, was 
Mrs. John A. Garnsey ; William Caton, who owns 
an intere-it in and is conducting the Crow Name 
Plats Company of Itavenswood, Chicago ; and 
Klizabeth C. Mr. Mason was a member of sev- 
eral b'iiiiciKs of the Mas(Miic fraternity. 



ENOCH PLACE JONES. 



An individual's usefulness in the w'lrld is 
generally judged by the good that he has ac- 
complished, and determined by this standard of 
measurement, the late Kiinch Place Jones occu- 
pied a position among the most prominent citi- 
zens of Woodford County, 111. His achievements 
were not of a spectacular nature, for he was a 
plain and unassuming man, yet his life was 
noble and upright, one over which i:\\U nn 
shad-ow of wrong; and the memory of lii-- kimlly 
Christian life and charitable deeds u ill long 
remain as a benediction to those wlm kmw 
him. Mr. Jones was born at Wiluiot. .\. II., 
August G, 1S32, and was about five years of age 
when his parents, John and I'olly (D.mI-c) 
Jones, set out overland for the West, c onto illy 
arriving in Champaign County, Ohio, where Mr. 



Jones made his home for a quarter of a cen- 
tury. There, in the public schools, he received 
ordinary educational advantages, and was 
reared to habits of industry and integrity. He 
early adopted the occupation of agricuUnro as 
his life work, and was successful in his farming 
ventures in Ohio, but, believing that he could 
find still better opiwrtnnities in Illinois, he 
moved to a farm six miles east of Minonk, 
where ho s[ient thirty years. About 1892, he 
moved to the city of Minonk, although for some 
years he continued to supervise the operations 
on his KXi-acre property which lay between Mi- 
nonk and Dana, 111., and when he disposed of 
this land he purchased a halt' secti(m in South 
Dakota, near ('.-inton; this land now tieing 
rented, his sons live oti the farm adjoining. 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



959 



.Mr. Junes was a natural niocliaiiic aiiJ a 
.sldlli-il caMiu-t laakor. .\fter his rftireiiieiit, 
lif fouuil pleasiirt- and work for his mind and 
hands In fashi.iiiini; difTfreut articles, useful 
.■■n.l ornamental and all beautilul in design and 
h\ihstantlal in workmanship. His siilendid work- 
shoji. jiiiat.d directly behind his home, was 
ti\dlt hy lil::i«i'il'. and was e(iuipiied with all the 
li.c,-- .Mric^ and iiaraphernalia necessary to his 
\M.r:, ami -■ dear to the heart of the true mo 
(h.inic. Kvcn thouijh an aged man, Mr. Jones 
«.is tl.'' pcrsonitication of vigorous age and 
'iciltli. and Ills death was entirely unexpected. 
.\s usual, on the moruiug of January 17, l!li;!, 
his fandliar figure was seen on the streets of 
.MInonk. in the down-town district, but on his 
n-tiirn home he was stricken with illness, and 
the physician named his ailment as neuralgia 
of the heart. After a brief rally, a second at- 
tack occurred, and he soon passed away. 

Mr. Jones was converted and united with the 
Baptist church February 23, 1S72. He always 
took an active part in all branches of the church 
work, being treasurer of the church and a 
nicnilier of the building committee when this 
church was erected. .Afterward bo was chosen 
a deacon, which oltice he held up to the time of 
his demise. He was well known and held In 
li!i:h esteem, a cheerful man. daily living the 
;a!th he lUdl'essed. His politics were those of 



the Kepulilican party, although ho had decided 
tendencies toward prohibition. Honest and con- 
scientious in all things, he jiossessed the un- 
iMjunded conhdence of his business a.ssociates, 
and his friends were limited only by the num- 
ber of his acipiaintanc.es. 

In ls.-,4, .Mr. .Tones was married to Miss lA.disa 
Knight, who du'd In July, Is?.-., and to this 
union there wi le born two dau:_'liters and live 
sons, of whom the daughters and one son died 
in infancy, while another son, 'Warren F., passed 
away at the age of twenty-two years. In isTT, 
Mr. Jones married (sec-ond) Elizabeth Pane, 
wlio died in Seplend'in-. ]!nO. On December Hi, 
1011, he was married for the third time, when 
he was united with .Mrs. Martha Gaisford, who 
survives him and m.akes her lionie in MInonk. 
Three soi.s al>o survive: Josiah J. and Joseph 
F., who are sucrrssfully em;aged in agricultural 
pursuits at Canton. S. 1 >. : and Orris K., of Lex- 
ington, Neb., and one stepson, Fran'lc Gaisford, 
of Chatsw(uth. 111. His brother, David C. Jones, 
is a well-known resident of I.eighton, Iowa. 
-Mr. Jones' funeral was largely attended, the 
people of Minonk gathering in large numbers to 
pay their ns)iects to the memory of one who 
had lived among them so long and whose life 
had been of such an e.xemplary nature. Inter- 
ment was made in the -MInonk Cemetery. 



ALBERT WILLIAM YOUXG. 



•■His life was gentle, and the elements so 
ud.\ed in him, that all nature might stand up 
and say to all the world: 'This was a man.'" 
When a leading newspaper sees fit to pay trib- 
ute to the memory of an individual by the use 
of the foregoing quotation, it may be reason- 
ably assumed that his life was one which won 
the respect, admiration and affection of those 
with whom he was connected. Law, to the lay- 
man, is a profession associated only with the 
controversies of life. It is hard for him to 
dissociate himself from the idea that the 
lawyer has other to do thau with the affairs 
where man tights man. But where a luminous 
personality shines forth in such brilliance as 
that which individualized the late Aliiert 'Wil- 
liam Young, of Harvard, 111., the public press, 
speaking for the public in general, may well 
say: "This was a man." Albert 'William Yoiuig 
was born at 'U"indsor, Sherbrook County, Can- 
ada, September 21, 1S43, a. sou of Joseph 'W. 
and Emily (Boynton) Young, the former native 



of Antrim, Ireland, of Scotch-Irish descent, and 
the latter of Orleans County, Vt., of English 
and French ancestry. The family located in 
'Will County, 111., in the spring of ISGo, and a 
year later removed to Kankakee County, where 
the mother dietl January 11, ISTC. There were 
si.\: children iu the family, namely: Alliert 
William, of this review; E. It., a resident of 
.Siou.x City, la.; Henry J. of Oklahoma, town 
of '\'inita; Nellie, who is the widow of Robert 
Perry, now living at Kansas City, Mo. ; Emily 
II., later Mrs. Peter Vanderwater of Long- 
view, Te.xas. w here she died ; and Florence A., 
who died in Canada. February 29, ISGO. 

Albert W. Young received an academical 
training in Canada, and, after coming to the 
United States, attended the Central Illinois 
Normal School at Normal for two years. Suc- 
ceeding this ho went to Millorsburg, Ky., where 
he taught a select .school for one year, and 
was then principal of the Richmond (111.) 
schools for one year, the 'Woodstock schools 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 01^ ILLINOIS. 



two years, auJ the Harvard schools three years. 
During the latter time he studied law with J. 
P. Cheever, aud September lo, l^Tl!, was ad- 
mitted to the liar and at once formed a part- 
nership with Mr. Cheever, under the linn style 
of Cheever aud Youns. In November, 1^77, he 
was elected county superintendent of schools 
for a term of four years and at the expiration 
of his term was appointed for an additional 
term of one year. The partnership with Mr. 
Cheever was dissolved in 1S7S, and from that 
time until his death he was enf;a,u'cd in practice 
alone. Few men have won hi^'her place at the 
Illinois har ; none have ever stood hi^'her in 
the esteem of their fellows. His abilities were 
rare and his association with other eminent 
members of the bar made him a familiar C^'ure 
in the courts of his locality, where his absolute 
integrity, his devotion to his profession and 
his high ideals of its ethics were never ques- 
tioned. He was ever to be foimd among the 
men who were planning for the promotion of 
the general welfare of the community, and his 
citizenship was rare. His connection with Re- 
publican jiolitics made him accounted as one 
of the wlioelhorses of his party in the section 
of the state in which he made his home, and 
after he had served for some time as a member 
of tlio Republican committee of the Kighlh Sen- 
atorial District, embracing the counties of 
Lake, McHenry and Boone, was, November 4, 
1SS4, elected State's attorney of JIcHenry 
County. Although he never made public pro- 
fession of Christianity, Mr. Young was a Chris- 
tian at heart, and his contributions to religious 
movements evidenced his wish to promote 
morality and probity. Personally a man of 
rare likability, his friendships were many and 
his loyalty to those who were taken into his 
confidence was absolute. At the time of his 
death Mr. Young was master iu chancery of 
McHenry County. His last illness was severe 
and prolonged, yet he courageously continued 
to fulfil his duties, although, from the nature 
of his malady his suffering must hare been in- 
tense. It was so in everything in his life — 



his conception of duty overruled u!i else. His 
stmding in Ma-sonry was h:gh, his connection 
ijicludiug membership in Ilarvaid Lodge No. 
yOO, A. F. & A. M., Harvard Chapter Xo. 91, 
K. A. M., and Calvary Commandery No. 20 K. T. 
At his death tile beautiful and impressive 
Knight Tempiar servioe was carried through, 
and intt;rmeut at Mt Auburn was largely at- 
tended by the members of this fraternity, the 
pall-bearers being chosen from among Mr. 
Young's MaL=onic brttLren. When he died, 
Febxuary 20, 1!)00, the whole city mourned for 
a r.ian v.-ho had so a'cly performed his part in 
the community's OLtivitleb. 

On February 21, ISSS, Mr. Young was united 
in marriage with 3ti:^s Lucy Gardner, daughter 
of Hobert and Sarah (DaLee) Gardner, early 
pioneers of McIIcnry County, 111. Mr. Gardner 
came to this county from New York in 1S40, 
and in 1.S17 returned to the Empire State and 
married ^Jiss Di.Lee, bringing her to the little 
log ca'oii! which he had prepared. Later a nev,- 
home was built iu Hfirvard, .iud hero they 
spent the balance of their lives, Mr. Gardner 
I)a.ssing away In 1S77, and Mrs. Gardner sur- 
viving him until lOOS. In 1&5G Mr. Gardner 
was one of the llrst residents of Harvard, being 
prominent both as a business man and politi- 
cally, always working for the progress and im- 
jirovement of his town. 'When he came to 
Harvard ho engaged in the lumber business 
and practioally was interested in this business 
up to the time of his death. There were twelve 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Gardner of whom 
but five are now living. Besides the lot in 
Harvard on which they lived Mr. Gardner 
also owned a farm one-half mile from what 
subsequoi'tly became the town. It was in this 
old house in Harvard that Mrs. Young was both 
born and married. Mr. and Mrs. Young had 
one son: Robert Gardner, now located in Chi- 
cago with the Public Service Company. In 
190*^ Ro'.iert G. Young was graduated from Har- 
vard High School and at once entered Illinois 
T'niversity from which he was graduated in 
June, 101?.. 



Edward I)unn-.\llen P.limi 
Johnsbury, Vt.. September 12. l^H. a son or 
Charles and Lefee (Harrington) r.linn. the 
former a native of Canada, of English descent. 
After attending the schools of his native placo 
until sixteen years old, Mr. I'.liuu went to Cinrin- 



EDWAKD DUXX-ALLEN r,LTNN. 

iiui was- liorn at 



nati, Ohio, and in Isiu began the study of law in 
the oflire (.<{ Kei)Ier & Whitiiinn. and later was 
admitted to the b:ir at Cincinnati. He remained 
with his preceptors for a short time and then, 
acting upon the advice of Mr. Whitman, located 
at Lincoln, HI. In January, 1S09, he formed a 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



961 



parliKT.-liip with Silas Reason, under Uie firm 
tniii- of I'.rasou & r.linii, which association con- 
IIiiu.hI until 1^^^2, when Jaiiios T. Iloblit suc- 
»>■. dill }>V\ ItfMMiu, anil the naiiie was changed 
to r.linii .^ Ilohlit, so continiiinj; for years. 
Sul -oiiii'iitl.v -Mr. r.linii associated himself with 
Thomas .M. Harris, and they continued toj:ether 
until .\lr. Harris was made circuit juil^-e. Mr. 
I'.liMi till! lif.aiiie ass«eiatod witli W. A. 
iV>-\. jir.il this loniiection was only severed 
|.y (1,. il.alh of .Mr. liUiin, January 2Gd, 1013. 

ni, ,Iaiiii:uy 1. lSi;;>, Mr. Eliun married ^Vn- 
i..t!.- 1. V..iii-i'y of Cold Sprin?.s, Ky., a dau^th- 
!,r I'f John and Janet (Beg^'s) Xoutspy. Mr. 
i.i,il .Mrs. lilinii became the fiareuts of three 
.hlldren: Kva B., who is Mrs. William IC. 
Maxwell of Lincoln, 111., has two cliildren — 
Kdward Crei.L'hton and William Keepers; An- 
nette, who is Mrs. Will C. Bates of Lincoln, 111., 
has a dauijhter, Annette Lefee ; Edward Dunn- 
Allen, Jr., wlio married Alma Haller of Lincoln, 
111., and also an adopted daughter, Edith, who 
Is Mrs. William M. Young of Bloomington. 111. 

Mr. I'.linn was a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity and belonged to the Hamilton Club of 
Chicago, lie was a s-tanch riopublican and for 
many years was looked to as the leader in na- 
tional, state and county politics in his county. 
He was chairman of the Logan County llepub- 
llian Central Committee for a long time, and a 
few years prior to liis death was a candidate 
for Sii|ireiiie Justice in Illinois. Not often 
did he seek political oflices during his career, 
but took great pleasure in helping those w-hom 
he liked to attain them. He enjoyed the warm 
rK?rsonal regard of Senator Cullom, Governor 
rifer and e.specialiy that of Governor Oglesby, 
who for years was a bosom friend. 

As a lawyer Mr. Blinn enjoyed a state-wide 
reputation and never had an equal at the 
Logan Couuty bar. He was considered one of 
the ablest corporation and criminal lawyers in 
the state and represented for years the Alton, 
Illinois Central and Vandalia Railroad compa- 
nies. He was a powerful, positive, masterful 
attorney, with a scientific mind, and intensely 
keen intellect. At cross examination his won- 
derful abilities 'were especially apparent and 
his arguments before a jury were almost al- 
ways unanswerable by his opixjncnts. His high 



Ideas of honor, and his honesty and integrity 
in his practice, have ever- been commented upon 
by his rival associates with admiration and 
respect. He never eniidoyed any form of snb- 
terfugo to win a case, but would stand up be- 
fore a jury and drive home to them the clear, 
cold facts of tlie law, with sledge-hammer pre- 
cision. His success was due to his being a 
great student of the law, an analytical thinker, 
a man of dominant jiersonality, and to his 
knowleilge and use of the Knglish language. 

As a man .Mr. Blinirs life stood for the very 
best there was In manhood, was honorable and 
fair miiideil, and was greatly esteemed by the 
entire couimunity. That he did not have many 
personal friends was because he did not seek 
them; but those who enjoyed that pleasure 
were tied to him so closely by his love and 
comiianionsliip that they would liave sacritice<l 
anything rather than lose It. In his home life 
Mr. r.linn was best known; a great, kind, in- 
dulgent husband and father, who was idolized 
by his wife and children. In his later years 
his hearing was seriously impaired and a large 
liortion of his idle hours was spent among his 
books. He was particularly well informed on 
the Bible, as the subject of religion and a Su- 
preme Being ojiened up to his scientific mind a 
field of unlimited research. His further recrea- 
tion was taken in farming and especially in 
raising cattle, and by the same close study he 
liecanie an e.\pert in the breeding and feeding 
of Short Horn Durham cattle, and many of 
tliese were shown at the International Live 
Stock Show, at Chicago, and were victorious 
In competition with the best herds in the 
United States and Canada. 

Mr. r.linn's death was a great loss to the 
coiunuinily, but a calamity to his family. Ills 
character and life will be enshrined forever in 
their memory, and they will impress upon their 
children and their children's children that this 
man of strong intellect and high mental achieve- 
ment, and high, honorable integrity was their 
ancestor; and that by taking his life as their 
guiilc and folbiwing in his footsteps, even for 
a sliiirt way, they will not have lived in vain, 
but will leave l>ehind them, as he has done, 
•■Footprints in the sands of time."' 



JOSEPH DUNCAN HUNTER. 



.•\s the demnnd 


for only sound ban! 


dng insti- 


tutions increases :i 


iiid the value of sucl 


! concerns 


to the community 


is being more and lu 


ore appre- 



ciatod. the character of the men who administer 
their affairs receives closer .nttention. and when 
these have been proved ellicient and worthy, 



962 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



confitleuce In tlioir financial institutions is in- 
creased. The iutluenOe of a sounil, conserva- 
tive baukini; bouse is wide and its iJractiial 
results far reacliing. Witliout such au insti- 
tution in its uiidst, no community can liopo to 
talie its iirojier place anioni; its sister com- 
munities, and to it v\-i!l come no reliaMe out- 
side concerns. Therefore it may he truly said 
that the sirowth and develoimiont of any town 
or city depends larjrely upun the (puility of its 
banks, and this means the sagacity and intci,'- 
rlty of the men who staud at their head. The 
day has sone liy when men carried their c\ir- 
reucy in their pockets, and even carried on 
large transactions entirely hy t)ie interchange 
of actual money. In modern husiness the sys- 
tem of paying by checks has been generally 
adopted, busy men appreciating the value of 
the service rendered by banks, make invest- 
ments and pay bills through them. In this way 
mistakes, loss and annoy.mce are eliminated, 
and vast transactions are carried on ex|iedi- 
tiously. One of the sound financial institutions 
of Illinois is the Citizens Xational P.ank, of 
Paris, which benefitted for years under the wise, 
conservative and efficient executive administra- 
tion of the late Joseph Duncan Hunter. lie was 
born in Hunter Township, Edgar County, 111., 
July 1-1, ISIS, a son of Spencer and Amy (Wil- 
liams) Hunter, of Scotch-Irish descent respect- 
ively. Spencer Hunter came to Illinois at a 
very early day and entered a section of land in 
Hunter Township, which was named for the 
Hunter family. 

Joseph Duncan Hunter attended the country 
schools of his native township, and later a 



seminary in Ladoga, Ind., and also a commer- 
cial college in Chicago. After returning home 
he interesteil himself In general farming, stock 
raising and dealing in stock until 1S!)2. when he 
loc-ated at I'aris, and from the start impressed 
his strong personality upon his neighbors. A 
Democrat in politics, he bec-ame a leader iu that 
party, and in ISOS was elected county treasurer 
and served four years. lie was largely instru- 
mental in securing the organb.ation of the Citi- 
zens Xational llauk at Tari-s, of which he con- 
tinued president until his death July IS, lOOG. 
lie was a man of sterling honesty, unquestioned 
ability and hi^-h ideals. Possessed of energy, 
foresight and public siiirit, lie was variously 
interested in matters pertaining to I'aris and 
Edgar County, so that his death was deeply felt 
over a wide section. 

On October 1, 1ST4, Mr. Hunter married Jliss 
Ella Groves, of Vermilion C-ount.v, Ind., a daugh- 
ter of William C. and Emeliiie (Ilogart) Groves, 
natires of Tennessee. Jlr. Groves was a farmer. 
He came to Indiana with his parents when a 
child. Mr. and Mrs. Hunter became the par- 
ents of six children, namely : CoUett S. ; Flor- 
ence, the wife of Frank D. Parker, of Shelby- 
ville. III.; W. E., teaching in Iowa; Callie, at 
home; and Maud and Blanch, both of whom are 
deceased. In religious faith Mr. Hunter was a 
Methodist, aud was very sincere iu his profes- 
sion, servinu' for several years as superintendent 
of a Sunday school connected with that denomi- 
nation. Faithful in eveiy relation of life, he 
rose to an enviable ixisition among his fellows, 
nnd dying left behind him an honored name. 



JOHX A. STEIiLING. 



John A. Sterling was born in Le IJoy, McIxmu 
County, 111., February 1, 1SC>T. He is a graduate 
of the Illinois Wesleyan University at liloom- 
iugton, which is his home. Here ho made a 
fine reputation as a lawyer and pleader at the 
bar. He was elecled to Congress from the 
Seventeenth Congressional District as a Iteinib- 
llcan five times in succession, serving from I'Jti" 



to 1013, was defeated in 1012 aud again chosen 
in 1014. He has acquired, a very enviable repu- 
tation in Congress, having won the confidence 
of a very large proportion of the leading men 
of all political parties. He is a close student 
of national questions aud is considered a tru.st- 
worthv rejirescntative of his constituents. 



P. L. rXDERWOOD. 



In st\idying the lives and chnrarter of pmml- 
'nent meu it is but natural to demand the s.^ci-ft 
of their success and the motives that prompted 
their actions. Success comes after all to but 
few and careful study of the careers of those 



who stand highest in public esteem jiroves that 
in nearly every case those who have been de- 
voting their lives to deep study of their special 
lines of business have gradually risen. Self- 
reliance, conscientiousness, energy and honesty, 



ff^^wr??^ 



syyws« » r < »^!g?yfi^!g'^^y^''^^^^' 



'^^^m^ 



r\ 



^^ ' 



! -. /<■ 



I -^ 



V 



, ^..Ji^.<«!»« ifcs»s«./:i(-Jt*i'.»^«i!«i^i'^'S>*^^^" i.-wi'ifli^ i*^' 



^t-trUL^'^. 



^-y-tL >-r:T^<r-<:/ 



f 



HISTORICAL EXCTCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



these are char;irterlstics that appear to pnnluce 
the best results. To these we may attribute 
much of tlio success that rewarded the efforts 
of r. L. I'uderwood. All honorable success must 
have a definite aim in life and a constancy of 
purpose which forces persistence in a eiveu 
course regardless of dillicultics. It is iu busi- 
ness that the real nature of the inau comes to 
the f<irefnint, where he either displays a seUish 
cupidity or a thoughtful consideration of the 
rights and privileses of others. There is no 
better indication of a man's actual worth and 
character than is <;atherod from the expressed 
opinions of him made by his associates and 
colleagues. The salient features iu the life of 
P. Ij. Underwood may be deduced from the 
fact that he was held in highest respect by all 
who were honored by his acquaintance. 1'. L. 
Underwood was one of the old-time provision 
men of Chicago who was for many years promi- 
nently identified with the packing interests of 
the city. A native of Massachusetts he was 
born iu Harwich, that state, May 2, 1S3(J, and 
was a sou of Nathan and Rebecca (Bray i In- 
derwood. 

The father came from an old .Massacluir,etts 
family and inherited many of the sturdy traits 
of character to be found in those peoide. He 
was born July IS, 1794, and was the eldest son 
of Itev. Xathan and Susanuali (Lawrence) Un- 
derwood. By occupation he \\as a farmer, yet 
for many years served as a squire and exercise<l 
an excellent influence in the community. Uev. 
Underwood, grandfather of V. L. Underwood, 
was born in Lexington, Mass., August 3, lT.j:i, 
and died in May, 1S41. lie married Susannah 
I^awrence, of Walthaui, that State, and tlioy 
reared a large family. This grandfather was a 
Revolutionary soldier who participated iu the 
battle of Bunker Hill and was among the last 
to leave the contested field when the enemy took 
possession of the ground ; was In continuous 
service with the Continental troops and was 
with Washington at the famous crossing of the 
Delaware. He likewise jiarticipated in the liat- 
tles of Trenton and Trinceton and after hmg 
service was honorably discharged, receiving 
later a pension as one of the surviving soldi^Ts 
of the War for Independence. Afterward he 
continued his education and was gradniti-d 
from Harvard College in ITSS. He studic<l for 
the ministry and in 1702 was settled at Il.ir- 
wnch, Ma<s., as pastor of the Congregational 
church, becoming one of the well-known clergj-- 
men in that section of Massachusetts. 



I". L. Underwood a<qni 
Harwich .Vcademy in his i 
boyhood days were spent. 



Wl 



lis education at 
town, where his 
-■n aliout sixteen 



years of age lie went west, locating in Burling- 
ton, Iowa, wlicrc he entered the wholesale 
grotory and provision lioiise of Thomas Hedge 
iV Coiupiiny. till' srnior partner being one of his 
relativTs. Tliis linn did an extensive business 
for tliat day. iinliiding ilio packing of provisions 
in tlie winter season. Tlie fail of l.s."..j found a 
large stock of provisions on hand and Mr. Un- 
derwcHid u^'s sent to Chicago to dispose of the 
surplus, the linn of Hedge i*i Underwood handling 
tile bii-iiie-;^ in tlii-^ eity. While not yet twenty- 
one \.'ars or a-e .Mr. Uiideiwood was able to 
understand and appreciate the great opiiortunity 
ill business here and concluded to remain. The 
jiartiiersliii> with Mr. Hedge was dissolved and 
he liecame associated with Sawyer, Wallace & 
Company of New Vork, large commission deal- 
ers. Later the firm of Underwood. Wallace & 
Company was organized and still later that of 
Underwood & Company. The commission and 
packing firm of X'liderwood & Company con- 
tinued for some years and then dissolved. Mr. 
Underwooil later devoted his time and attention 
to the packing business, having previously pur- 
chased a plant on Halsted Street, where he built 
up a business that he continued to develop uuder 
the style of Underwood & Company uutil the 
consolidation of this with the Omaha Packing 
Company. The laisiness is still carried on under 
the name of the Omaha Packing Company and 
oecupies a foremost position among the enter- 
prises of similar character in the city. 

Mr. UnderwocKl was one of the pioneer mem- 
bers of the Chicago Board of Trade, joining that 
organization when a membership sold for as low 
US five dollars. He was a type of the' old time 
liusiness man who held to high ideals and mani- 
fested n most keen regard for an obligation. 
When he gave his word or made a promise it 
was sacred to him as if he had given his l)ond. 
He was kind-hearted and genial, actuated by a 
spirit of religious Itelief but was never sancti- 
monious. His religion was simply a part of his 
every day life and actuated him in his relations 
with his fellownien. For a quarter of a cen- 
tury he was a trustee of I'lymouth Congrega- 
lionai Cluirch. Firm in his convictions he held 
to what he considered right and while he might 
yield to argument, he was never a weakling. 
While a successful business man the accumula- 
tion of property or wealth was not his foremost 
oliject. He ranked among Chicago's reprcsenta- 



964 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



live citizens, gaining' prouiineuce in triule circle's, 
.vet at all times was luindful of the obli;;atiuiis 
wliicli (levohed uix)n him in his relation to Lis 
family, his fellow-men auj his cit.v. 

Mr. ruderu-ood was first married March Ifi, 
1S57, to Misss Hannah M. liyder, of Chatham, 
Mass., and to this union four daui;hters were 
born : Anna, who is now Mrs. James Viles, of Lake 
Forest; Bertha, who is the wife of E. F. Rob- 
bins, and resides in Fasadena, C'al. : Helen, who 
died June 2s, lOlo, and Florence, of Lake For-- 
est. 111. On November 2, 1S7C, Mr. UnderwcKKi 
wedded Mrs. Ausiista E. Wallace, who was the 
widow of William Wallace and Imre the maiden 
name of Augusta Elvira Kimball. .She is a sis- 
ter of the late Edward A. Kimball and a daugh- 
ter of Lovell and Elvira (St. John) Kimball. 
Through her father she is a descendant of the 
Hrewster and P>radford fann'lios so prominent 
in the early liislory of Massachusetts, of whom 
a more e.x'tended mention will be found in the 
liiography of her brother, Edward A. Kimball, 
elsewhere in this work. Mrs. T'nderwood re- 
sides in Lake Forest and is weil-known in social 
circles of that place. The death of Mr. Under- 



wood, which cKcurrcd Aiigust 28. ISO", removed 
from Chicago one of its most wortliy citizens. 
He passed away in the same house where he 
was born on Cape Cod and the burial was in 
Oakwood Cemetery of Chicago. The record 
which Mr. luderwood left is one that excited 
for hiui adnjjration during his life and has 
caused his memory to be cherished by all who 
knew him. Tliroughout his business career Mr. 
T"nderwcx>d bore a reputation for una.ssailable 
integrity and straightforward dealing. He made 
it a point always to satisfy his customers. In 
his passing Chicago chronicled the deatli of one 
whose name had long been honored in trade 
circles, whose life-work had brought help and 
happiness to many and wliosc influence was 
ever on the side of pi\)gress and improvement. 
lie was loyal iu his citizenship and held friend- 
ship inviolable, and his memory is cherished not 
only by those whom he met socially but by those 
who knew him in a business way and those 
who benefited by his benevolences. In manner 
always dignified and courteous, his spirit was 
Idndly and his heart responded to every need 
of his fellowmen. 



IIEXKY AUGUSTINE. 



To have lived so as to have gained the respect 
and admiration of his fellow-men in every walk 
of life was the fortune of Captain Henry Au- 
gustine, whose tragic death, March S, 1013, the 
whole citizenship of Normal mourned. A hor- 
ticulturist and nurseryman whoso achievements 
had gained him wide distinction, a gallant soldier 
during the dark days when Secession reared its 
threatening head, and a i>hilanthropist whoso 
charities were great and contiimod, he was a 
type of the ideal citizenship of wliich Illinois is 
so proud, and it is but fitting to place his name 
among those of the men whose activities have 
forwarded the development of the groat Prairie 
State. Captain Augustine was horn iu Lancas- 
ter County, Pa., July 2.5, 1S40. He came of 
German parentage, his father being a native 
of Wurttemberg, _ who located in Lancaster 
County when a youth. The family moved later 
to Canton, 111., when ho was seventeen years 
old, and he -was engaged in farming there at 
the outbreak of the Civil war. He at once en- 
listed in Company A, Fifty-fifth Illinois Volun- 
teer Infantry, as sergeant, and August 1, 1SG2, 
ho was commissioned second lieutenant, being 
later promoted to a first lieutenancy and in 
ISCl was made captain of Company A. He 



later returned to his home and recruited" a new- 
company, of the Fifty-first Ilegiment, which he 
commanded as cajitain, and in that captaincy 
served until November, ISGo, when he received 
his honorable discharge. In all his military 
service he participated in thirty-two hard-fought 
engagements and was under the enemy's fire 
lOG days. One of his chief features of service 
was his acting as Judge Advocate of a military 
court for six months. During his active service 
in the army, Captain Augustine lost two broth- 
ers, Michael and J. M. Augustine, on the bat- 
tlefield, who were buried where they fell, but 
whose bodies were afterward brought back by 
Captain Augustine to their old hmue at Canton. 
One was killed at Missionary Ridge and the 
other at Kenesaw Mountain. 

At the close of the Civil war. Captain Au- 
gustine returned to Canton, wiiere for three 
years he engaged iu a drug business, but, owing 
to failing health, gave up his store and em- 
barked in a nursery and farming business near 
Pontiac, 111. In 1870 he removed to Normal, 
111., and establislieO the nursery business which 
has since continued under his name. It was 
one of the earliest nurseries in this part of the 
country and became -widely known throughout 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



965 



the West. Captain .\ngustiiie not only followed 
the routine work of lu-omoting his nursery sales, 
but was also interested in a scientific way in 
Introducing and (iropa^iating new varieties of 
fruit. His ability and prouiincnce as a fruit 
srower was recosuized at the World's Coluni- 
hlan KxiKisitioii, in 1<U3, by his tieln- made 
hurH.-rintendent of the Illinois fruit exhibit, 
wlii.li uiidiT his able direction was one of the 
tliioi at the e\|.o,-.lii..n. He also served as pres- 
bbiit of the National Xurserymeu's Association 
iiiii) WHS fur niauy years and up to the time of 
hi- diafh an oiiicer in the Illinois State Hor- 
licuilural .Society. Captain Augustine was 
prominent also in church and philanthropic af- 
fairs. He was an officer and leading member 
of the Methodist church for many years, and 
was for a long period superintendent of the 
Sunday school of this denomination, while for 
fourteen years he was superintendent of the 
Sunday school at the Soldiers' Oriihans' Home, 
imd had served as president of the State Sun- 
day School Association. He was also promi- 
nently identified with the Grand Army of the 
KepuMic. 

Hn March 17, I'^fiO, Captain Augu.=tine was 
married to Miss Margaret E. Gapen. and to 
this union there was born one son : .Vrchie M., 
who for some j ears was associated with his 
fatlicr in the nursery business, being a man 
v.ell known in that field of endeavor, and presi- 
dent of the Horticultural Society of Central 
Illinois. Two orphan girls, Ora and Myrtle, 
throii:_'h the philanthropy of the deceased and 
his wife, were given a home and they remained 
until Ora became the wife of Wesley M. Owen, 
and -Myrtle succumbed to a lingering illness, 
.\pril 20, inorj. she having been the idol of her 
foster father. Captain and Mrs. .\ugustlne also 
opened their home to many other orphan chil- 
dren who were cared for and comforted until a 
liermanent abode could be secured for them. 

Captain Augustine was one of the charter 
members of the Children's Home Finding So- 
ciety, which T\-as organized in his private office. 
This organization has now developed into na- 
tional in-iportance, with branch state .societies in 
evpry state in the Union. The society's work con- 
sists in taking children without homes and plac- 
ing them in private homes where thev are well 



cared for and educated, and it has located some- 
thing more than 40,000 children in this way. 
Captain Augustine was a charter member of the 
board of directors and tlie only charter member 
at the time of his death. He was actively en- 
gaged in this grand worlc right up to the last 
day. 

Captain Augustine Is survived by his widow 
and son, .\. M. Augustine of Normal, 111., and 
two lirothers and four sisters: John, of Pon- 
tiac. III.; lir. Sanuiel, of Sau Rafael, Cal. ; 
Mrs. Susan Durham and Mrs. George Bentley, 
both of Normal ; Mrs. B. W. Benedict of Kanka- 
Uec, 111. ; and Mrs. .Mary Carson, of Clarinda, 
la. The deceased was a man known to count- 
less numbers who had been associated with him 
and been strengtiicned by his teachings. Never 
was he so in h.iruiony with his environment as 
when assisting a young man. Living near the 
Illinois State Normal University, the Captain 
would seek the acnuaintance of students and 
encourage them in their work. A lover of for- 
estry and engaged in horticulture, no man has 
cared for or jilanted more trees in Central Illi- 
nois than he. In his public work he was ever in 
demand with the Sunday school and on public 
occasions, and s« his loss was felt everywhere. 
A few days before his death, in conversation 
with a business man at Normal, Captain Au- 
gustine's thoughts turned towai'd the end of ' 
life and he said: "1 am quite ready to go and 
have no fear as to the future." His confidence 
we are quite sure was well grounded and his 
life was an eloquent evidence of his abiding 
faith ill the (liiMt llc'id of the Church. 



•The 



L's of r.ife swing either way. 



On Saturday afternoon, at 2:40 o'clock, March 
S, 1913, Captain -Vmjustine left his office, and 
while crossing the Chicago & Alton track was 
struck by the fast limited train, the approach 
of which was unknown and unseen as a coal- 
drag with a pusher engine, obscured the view. The 
noise and confusion incident with the passing 
train made the siuiation such that the deceased 
could not comprehend the danger until the in- 
stant of contact and death. The fact of the 
sad accident soon spread, and the acquaintance 
of the Captain being so extended, there was 
mourniii'.; and sadness throughout a wide area. 



WILLTA^L KXAPP. 



The lai-u'e and varied iiiti rr>ts wliieli have 
engrossed the time and talents of William 
Knapp have brought him to the very forefront 



which city he has lit'on most 
itifiiil for more than a quarter 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



of a century. Almost from the start of bis 
c-iireer, lie tias been interested iu land dealiu;,:, 
and today the tinu of KuaMJ, Barnes & Com- 
pany, of wliich he is the directing head, is one 
of the most widely known realty firms In 
Winnebago County. Mr. Knaiip's extensive eon- 
neetions have necessarily made him an e.\- 
tremely busy man, yet he has never found 
himself too actively employed in his own affairs 
to neglect the interests of his city. Essentially 
a business man, he has not been content to play 
only a passive part in nmuicipal affairs, but 
has brought his fine abilities to bear in ollicial 
capacities, thus contributing in no small degree 
to the general welfare. A review of his career 
will show that it has been one marked by con- 
stant advancement, well-directixl effort and a 
sharply-defined appreciation of the duties of 
citizenship. 

William Kuapp Is a native of the I-Ieystone 
State, born in McKeau County, Ajiril 2.!, 1S30, 
a son of Abijah and Hannah (VanSlyke) Knapp. 
His early education was secured in the country 
schools, whore he showed himself a close and 
Industrious student, and this was supplemented 
by attendance at the academy at Olean, X. Y. 
He was fifteen years of age when he accom- 
panied his parents to Illinois, the family settling 
on a farm at Burritt, Winnebago County, and 
there tlie youth resiOod on the homestead, al- 
though devoting his energies to well-drilling, au 
employment in which he met with unusual suc- 
cess. In this line of endeavor he continued for 
some fifteen years, gradually buililing up a 
business that extended all over Winnebago and 
the adjoining counties, and in the meantime in- 
vested his earnings in land, which he purchased 
at .small prices. With excellent judgment and 
foresight he chose those properties which rap- 
idly advance<l in value, and in 1S!>G commenced 
to devote hi.s entire time to the real estate hu.sl- 
ness, which he found he could follow more 
profitably than his previous employment. Later 
he admitted his son, Charles II. Knapp. to part- 
nership, this association continuing under the 
style of William and C. 11. Knapii, until the 
adiiiisskm of William 11. Barnes to the concern. 



when it became known as Knapp, Barnes & 
Company, the present style. The concern main- 
tains otlices at tlie corner of State and Main 
streets, on the ground floor of the .Second Na- 
tional Bank building, and, in additon to dealing 
strictly in real estate, buys ami sells houses and 
farms, writes insurance with all the big com- 
panies, and makes a special feature of the loan- 
ing of money. The firm's motto, "Small margins 
and quick sales," expresses the policy of the 
business. As the head of this enterprise, Mr. 
Knapp has made it one of the leading establish- 
ments of its kind in the State. lie is an e.xcel- 
lent judge of land values and his long and 
varied experienc-e make him one to whom to 
look for leadership and guidance. Other inter- 
ests have also claimed a part of his attention, 
and for some years he was a director in the 
Forest City Bank. 

In political matters Mr. Knap[> is a Repub- 
lican, and has been known as one of the stalwart 
party supporters in this part of the State. From 
1ST9 to l.SSS he was a member of the board of 
township supervisors, and in the latter year 
came to Rockford, where he was elected super- 
visor. With the exception of three years he 
has served continuously in that cafwcity to the 
present time, and during this period has been 
purchasing agent for the county. He has also 
served ten years as town clerk, and in 1S95 
was elected to the city council as alderman from 
the First Ward, an office in which he continued 
for two years. With his famil.v, he belongs to 
the Centennial Methodist Episcopal Church. 
yiv. Knapp has also been prominent in fraternal 
circles of the city, being a member of the Masons 
and the Odd Fellows, in both of which he has 
numerous friends. 

In l.Sf4 Mr. Knapp was marrieil to Miss 
Martha .Scott, of Burritt. 111., born there Octo- 
ber 27, IS-l-O, daughter of .Tames and Elizabeth 
(Fisher) Scott, farming peoj^le of near Mans- 
field, Ohio. One son has been born to this union, 
Charles H., of Rockford, a well-known business 
man, for some years associated with his father 
in his realty operations. 



JOHN HOWARD BRYANT. 



It is very seldom that the poet is a practical 
man or one who takes a prominent part in shap- 
ing the destinies of nations. Rather is he the 
gentle singer whose muse ph'.ces him lieyond the 
consideration of mundane affairs, and although 



through his works he may influence in marked 
degree the lives of others, he .seldom reaches 
them by per.soual contact. However, there are 
exceptions in all cases, and here and there are 
to Le found men who are great along widely 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



967 



difffrentiatiug linos. Their capable bawls have 
strength to hold tiiiuly the reins of government, 
and also of iieuuing verse that will live after 
them. Their minds can at one and the same 
time grasp the proVilenis of the day, and the 
beauties of nature. To such men each hour 
brings its culminating moments, its inner heart- 
felt triumphs with its comiirehending knowledge 
of men and affairs. But life draws heavily 
upon the vitality and sympathies of these men 
whom nature has so favored, lu the higher 
essence of emotion, and they pay many times 
over in nervous strain for the gifts with which 
they have been endowed. I'rincetou claims tlie 
memory of just such a man, and honors the 
name of John Howard Bryant as one of its 
most beloved celebrities. 

John nowar<l Bryant was born at Cumniing- 
ton, Mass., July 22, 1S07, youngest son of Pr. 
Peter and Sarah (Snell) Bryant, and brother 
of AVilliam Cnllen Bryant. He came of May- 
flower stock on both sides of the family, his 
father having been of the fourth generation 
from Stephen and .\hlgail (Shaw) Bryant, of 
Plymouth, Mass. Dr. Peter Bryant was a phy- 
sician of note, who died at the age of fifty-three 
years, having had five sons and two daughters. 
For some time he swerved in the Massachusetts 
State Assembly, and was a zealous Federalist. 
The Unitarian religious belief appealed to him, 
antl he was one of the first in western Massa- 
chuisetts to embrace it openly. Mrs. Bryant was 
a woman of remarkable characteristics, and it 
is doubtless from her that her two distinguished 
sons drew much of what was best and highest 
in their natures. For more than half a century 
she kept a diary, in which she recorded the 
daily liappeninis of her family, a deeply inter- 
esting family document. 

John Howard Bryant was ouly thirteen yoars 
old when he lost his father, and as his mother 
was left with but United means, the children 
had to rely In part upon themselves for eiluca- 
tional and other advantages. Mr. Bryant at- 
tended a select school keiit by Rev. PLOSwell 
Hauks during 1S2C.-7, and taught school in 182S 
and 1820 at 'Williamsburg. In the meanwhile he 
attended the liensselaer school at Troy. X. Y., 
and later studied higher mathematics and Latin 
at Williamsburg. Returning to the Cumminston 
farm, he began writing for the Boston philan- 
thropist. In IS.W, he took the census of that 
part of Hampshire County, lying west of tlie 
Connecticut River. In the following winter, he 
taught the Plainfield sclioul. It was fortunate, 



Itn-haps, that -Air. Bryajifs attention was then 
turned toward Illinois, for in the broader fiel-.l 
of western life his talents were developed as 
they might never li.ive been lu the East. In 18.01 
he set out to join his brother. Arthur Bryant, 
who was at Jacksonville, 111., the trip consuming 
five weeks, and an outlay of ?C0, a large sum 
under the circumstances. For a year following 
Ills arrival, .Mr. Bryant alternated between 
clerking and farming, and then, with another 
brother, Cyrus, who had by this time joined 
Arthur and John II., set forth for Princeton, 
where the brothers secured a tract of land and 
a cabin and liegan their life as Illinois land- 
owners and farmers. 

In the spring of 1S34, .Mr. Bryant built a log 
cabin on the site where later he erected a spa- 
cioiis mansion. While it was small and crude 
in construction, it was ojieu to all wayfarers, 
and was noted for its hospitality throughout 
that part of the state. It also served as oue of 
the stations of the Underground Railroad, and 
in it Jlr. Bryant's sons. Henry and Klijah. were 
born. The tract owned by Mr. Bryant com- 
prised oW acres, 320 of which ho entered from 
the government, and 240 of which he acquired 
through purchase. From 1S.31, Mr. Bryant for a 
period of si.xty years, held various offices, ami 
was instrumental in securing much legislation, 
lie played an important part in the organization 
of Stark and Bureau couuties, working in con- 
junction with Senator Stephen A. Douglas. In 
IMO, he took the census for Bureau County. In 
the meanwhile Mr. Bryant became a man of 
much activity, had farmed, made brick, built 
liridges, and edited a uewspaiier, proving of 
consecjucnce in many ways. He ,-ilways took an 
active part in the political discussions of his 
day and cducatiinial matters had in him a warm 
friend. He worked hard to secure the estab- 
lishment of the Princeton High school, selling 
the bonds, and acting as the first president of 
its board of directors, continuing in office for a 
uumlier of years. Until 1844 he was a Demo- 
crat, but then joined the Liberty party, and 
still later the Free Soil party, by whom he was 
nominated for Congress, but was defeated. 
With the organization of the Republican party, 
Mr. Bryant found liis political home, and sui>- 
ported its candidates ardently and effectively, 
hein-' a delegate to the Re]mblican National 
OmveMtiou in ISHO, hebl at Chicago, that uomi- 
nateil .\liraham Lincoln for president. In 18(52. 
he was appointed by President Lincoln collector 
of Internal Revenue for the Fifth District of 



968 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Illinois, and adniinistrutod tlie affairs of tliat 
respousilile oflioe duiiiig tlio stressful years tbat 
followed as only an able and loyal man could. 
His advoeaiy of Hon. Owen Lovejoy, the anient 
Abolitionist, made him many enemies, but he 
held firm to his principles, and never flinched 
or neglected a duty. Durin- the Civil war, Mr. 
Bryant was very active in gathering supplies 
and raising troops, and drew heavily upon bis 
own resources to meet dclicieucies. 

In his religious views, Mr. Bryant was very 
liberal, and in 1891 had the honor of being a 
member and made vice president of the Congress 
of Lil)cral Keligious Societies, that convened at 
Chicago. As a poet, Mr. Hryant ranked high, 
and while he looked up to and deeply reverenced 
his distinguished brother. William Cullen 
Bryant, he did not imitate him, as a reading of 
his own poems clearly pro\es. Perhaps those 
which reflect the inner man more clearly than 
any others are those entitled, "The Little 
Cloud," c^nd "The Valley Brook." 

In June, IS-SS, John Howard I'.ryant niarricfl 
Hattie Wiswall, and the bridal pair journeyed 



from the vicinity of Jacksonville. 111., where 
their wedding ceremony was performed, to the 
land claim of Mr. Bryant at Princeton. They 
made the trip according to the facilities of the 
time, traveling by wagon to the Illinois River, 
by boat to I'eoria, and from thence on horseback 
to their destination. During the many years of 
married life which they enjoyed, Mrs. Bryant 
proved an ideal helpmate for her distinguished 
husband, and a devoted mother. This pair cele- 
brated their golden wedding anniversary, Jlrs. 
Boaut living until ISSS, dying aged eighty 
>ears. Mr. Bryant survived her until January 
14. 1002. Together they bore the loss of their 
son, Henry W., in 1S.j4, when he was but nine- 
teen years old, but 5Ir. Bryant was called upon 
to bear alone the death of his other son, Elijah, 
in 1.S02, when he was lifty-seveu years old. 

No more appropriate ending to this brief 
review can be given than the fraternal tribute 
paid him by 'William Cullen Bryant, who de- 
clared that his brother John was "the best man 
I know." 



ROBERT B. LATHAM. 



If, as has been said, it is an honor for a 
man to plant a tree or erect a house, how 
much more to build a town. Lincoln, 111., stands 
today a testimonial of the energy and indom- 
itable perseverance of Bobert B. Latham, the 
founder, not only in its material sense, but also 
ill the Oevelopmcnt of its intclloctual. moral 
and cbaiitable projects. 

Of F.nglish ancestry, who came to Virgini:( at 
an early day and there became identified with 
the building up of the national government, his 
father, James Latham, was born October 21, 
17CS, in Virginia, and was there married June 
21, 1702, to Mary (Polly) Briggs. who was also 
a Virginian, born February ". 1772. After their 
marriage the young couple moved to Union 
County. I\y., where they lived until their ten 
children were born. In ISIS the state of Illi- 
nois was admitted to the I'ni"n, and one year 
later the Latham family came to the new com- 
monwealth. Being possessed of the courageous 
spirit of the pioneer, James Latham penetrated 
into the wilderness where no white man h.id 
yet made permanent settlement, and erected 
the first cabin north of the Sangamon River. 
Wlien the land was opened for entry he took 
up neiuly all of what is now Elkhart Grove. 
In 1S21 Sangamon Comity was organized, em- 



bracing a number of counties since cut off from 
the original. The first to hold the office of pro- 
bate judge of that county was James Latham, 
who was elected by both branches of the Gen- 
eral Assembly. His commission, signed by Gov. 
Shadrach Bond, is still in possession of the 
family. 

I'l ]^1'4, having been appointed by President 
John 0. Adams, Indian Agent, Judge Latham 
moved to Fort Clark, tlien not much more than 
a trading post and giving but few indications 
of one day developing into the present thriving 
city of Peoria. In this position he became ac- 
quainted with all the move prominent Indian 
chiefs. Black Hawk. Shaubena. Senachwine, 
Black Partridge and others who came frequently 
to his cabin to receive their annuities. No man 
Iiad a greater influence and no one was more 
highly esteemed and feared by them. He jios- 
sessed the respect of the chiefs and the admira- 
tion of the warriors. 

Some idea of the mode of conveyance and lack 
of transiwrtation facilities at that time can be 
formed from perusing his letters written to 
President John Q. Adams from Peoria. He says 
in one of them, "I have written a letter and 
exiicct to have a chance to send it to Chicago 
in four or five weeks" ; he afterwards added a 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



969 



iM).stscTlpt saying: "As no opportunity has 
olTcTiHl (luring tlie i>ast five weeks, I .shall senU 
tills Ijy messenger." 

Judge Latham survived but two years after 
lo<-iiting at Fort Clark, and wlicu lie died left 
Ills family and a large circle of friends to l.iuient 
his loss. He was buried at Elkhart Grove. It 
h:i< been said of hlni— "he was a. sturdy pioneer, 
|.,,..r;.s>>d of great jupwers of endurance, of more 
t!i;in ..rdinary gra-p of mind, highly educated, 
a man of influence among men of all conditions. 
II.- \ieil deserved the honors conferred upon 
hi;.: by bis feUov,- citizens and the chief cxecu- 
Ihe of the nation." 

The youngest of ten children, Robert Briggs 
Latbain, was boru in Kentucky, June 21, ISIS, 
the year before the removal of his father's 
family to Illinois. Ills playmates were the 
Indi;in boys and one of his earliest remem- 
brances was the almost daily wolf-hunt. He 
learned his letters sitting upon the knees of 
Erastus 'Wright, a man of remarkable ability, 
who was employed as tutor in the family of 
Judge Latham. At Fort Clark he attended the 
subscription school and upon the death of his 
father, in 1S20, he returned to Kentucky with 
his sister, Mrs. Grant Ulackwell, and there 
attended school. After coming back to Elkhart 
he attended schools at Stout's Grove and Fancy 
Creek, but when sixteen years of age went to 
SpringfieUl to enter the Springfield High school. 
It was during this four years' course of study 
that he met Abraham Lincoln, and then was 
laid the foundatiOTi for that intimate friendship 
which continued unbroken until the assassina- 
tion of I'resident Lincoln. 

When the town of Lincoln was laid out, Mr. 
Lincoln, who had done all the legal work neces- 
sary, attended the first sale of lots. Some years 
later, in ISoO, Colonel Latham was present at 
the organization of the Republican party in 
Bloomington, 111., and was an influential factor 
In securing the nomination of Mr. Lincoln for 
the presidency. Mr. I,incoln never went to the 
city where Mr. Latham had settled without 
calling upon him. 

Reared to agricultural pursuits, Robert B. 
Latham for eleven years was engaged in culti- 
vating the lands secured from his father's es- 
tate, then nioveil to Mount ruUiski, and engaged 
in the real estate business. That same year 
he was elected sheritt" of Logan County, but 
after the loss of his first wife, in 1S54, he came 
to Lincoln. In partnership with J. D. Gillett 
and Virgil Ilickox he purchased the noithwest 



quarter of sectiun ol, township 20, range 2 
west, in Logan County, and on it founded a 
town, to which he gave tlie name of his friend, 
Abraham Lincoln. Colonel Latham laid out 
that lart of the town which lies east of Union 
street and offered lots for sale in August of 
that year, and a little later, w-ith his asso- 
ciates, built the Lincoln House, which was de- 
stroyed by tire April li>, 1S70. The town of 
Lincoln was built on the new right-of-way of 
the Chicago and Alton Railroad, and is the 
only one named for the martyred president with 
his cnnscnt. Here Colonel Latham ereetetl many 
busin<-s !i(i\i-ics and residences. 

In :sr(i Mr. Latham was elected a member 
of tile Icgislalure by a majority vote of morp 
than I'lio in excess of Mr. Lincoln himself, who 
was. at that time, a candidate for I'resident 
of the I'nited States. The legislation wa.« of 
that kind which characterized the stormy period 
of the Rebellion, and the action of Jlr. Latham 
everywhere met with the approval of his con- 
stituency. Ill IMiJ, at the expiration of his 
term, he proceeded to raise a regiment of sol- 
diers from Logan and adjoining counties. By 
the unanimous voice of the men he was chosen 
Colonel, and was accordingly appointed by Gov- 
ernor Yates. The regiment, the One Hundred 
and Sixth Illinois Infantry, was assigned to the 
Army of the Tennessee, then commanded by 
General Grant. The following quotation from 
an army eorresiwndent shows the esteem in 
which he was held by officers and men : "Jack- 
sou, Tennessee, May 1, 1SC3. We still sleep in 
the open air, and while we are so highly favored 
by pleasant weather, we would just as soon 
remain in this condition as any other way. 
Col. Latham stays here with us, sharing the 
same privations which we do and appears to 
care more for the comfort of his men than 
for biiuself. The Colonel is becoming very pop- 
ular with his men. Since coining south the 
Colonel has slmwii himself to be a man, not 
only of deep sympathies, but also of much more 
talent and ability as a commander than we had 
supposed, and he has gained the confidence and 
esteem of the entire regiment. I have heard 
quite a number say that since coming here 
they would not bo willing to exchange him for 
any other colonel in the service. This popu- 
larity is Inc-reasing every day and we think we 
can boast of a colonel who is an honor to his 
regiment, to Lo'-'an County, and the Fi'airie 
State." 
Tills ready adaptation to his new position was 



970 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP ILLINOIS. 



very - chiiractcii^tic of the man. Hi:, uatlve 
ability tu comuiaml and Iiis wise dij^crimiiiatiou 
in tlie admiui-tratiou of discipliue, as; well as 
his heartlelt sympathy with his suldiors, was 
felt by all the rauk aud file. His suiierior 
officers treated hiui with luarUed defereuce. 
Owing to a severe illness Colonel Latliaw was 
confined iu a Meniphis hospital, aftei wards 
goiu^' north to recuperate. In October, ISC.S, he 
rejoined his eomiiiaud. E.'vposure, overwork and 
the after-ett'ccts of his illness, however, forced 
hiiu to resign in January, 1MJ4. Though not 
permitted to remain iu the field iu conse<iueuce 
of his feeble health, he never relaxed his efforts 
to sustain the Uniou cause, and by word, deed 
and material aid he labored diligently for the 
maintenance of the national existence. Later, 
Colonel Latham resumed his political activities 
aud served on six diflerent occasions as presi- 
dential elector. Ue had a wide acquaintance 
among prominent men and among tliose who 
■wei'e constant visitors at bis home might be 
mentioned: Governors Oglesliy and Cullom, 
Judge David Davis, Senator TrumtiuU and 
Judge Lawi-ence P. Weldon. 

Accoiding to his own ideas. Colonel Latham's 
most important work was in connection with 
the railways, and the Pekiu, Lincoln & Decatur 
Railroad and a branch of the Indianapolis, 
Bloomington & Western Kailroad were built 
through his efforts. At this time Lincoln was 
the largest corn shipping point in the world. 
The Chicago & Alton Kailway, having a 
monopoly, charged such a high rate for freight 
that Colonel Latham decided to build tlie new 
road. lie neglected his own private interests 
for the sake of the future prosperity of his 
town and county. Without any prospect of per- 
sonal emolument, for five years he ceased not 
to exert himself till the roads were secured 
and the cars were seen loading the burdens to 
the eastern market. The day the ties of the 
Pekin, Lincoln & Decatur were laid in Lincoln, 
the rates on the C. & A. dropped 10 cents a 
bushel for corn. The benefits of the wisdom of 
Colonel Latham were at once felt by every 
farmer iu Logan County. It was about 18i!T 
that these railroads were chartered. In l^d'.i 
the stock was voted and placed. Colonel 
Latham became first president of the first 
named road and early iu ISTl the road was 
completed. 

While giving his attention to the business 
prosperity of the town, Colonel I-itham illd not 
neglect the religious or eJucatioual interests. 



Xearly every church was the recipient of his 
generosity. From one to five lots were given 
by him to the various denominations who' de- 
sired to erect places of worship. As a friend 
of education he was equally prominent and 
exerted himself to the utmost to have Lincoln 
chosen as the seat of the university founded 
by the Cumberland I'resbytierian church, and 
among other inducenjcnts secured the subscrip- 
tion of 9-\i,000 from Logan County. He donated 
ten acres and .'?3,00u for the erection of Ihe 
college buildiug; was made a member of the 
board of trustees, became its first vice president, 
and in the following year was made president, 
and continued in that oliice tor a period of 
twenty years. 

To him almost entirely does Lincoln owe 
the location of the Asylum for Feeble Jliuded 
Children. He was a prominent member of the 
Old Settlers' Society, and was an enthusiastic 
Mason, having taken all the degrees of the 
order up to Knight Templar and was the organ- 
izer of nearly all the JIasonic lodges in Logan 
County. An unostentatious philanthropist, one 
of his la.st acts was the donation of $1,(XJ0 to 
the Odd Fellows' Orphan's Home, although he 
did not himself belong to that fraternity. 

In the Grand Army of the Republic, Colonel 
Latham was a member of Leo. Meyers Post, 
and when the Sons of Veterans were organized 
iu Lincoln, the post took his name and he pre- 
sented it with a flag. 

While a yoimg man, in 1S40, he was quarter- 
master of the Illinois militia, under Colonel 
Skinner. 

On November 5, l&iC>, Robert B. Latbaui was 
marricHi to Miss Georgiana P. Gillett, daughter 
of John Gillett, Sr., aud they had three chil- 
dren, John G., Mary and James, all of whom 
died in childhood. Mrs. Latham died August S, 
lSo3. On July 24, ISof., Mr. Latham was mar- 
ried to Jliss Savillah Wyatt, daughter of Wil- 
liam and liachel (Kitchen) Wyatt, who for- 
merly lived near Jacksonville, 111. The father 
was liorn near Harper's Ferry, Va., a son of 
John Wyatt, a .soldier of the American Revohi- 
tion. The Wyatt family had its establishment 
in this country in 3621, when the Rev. Ilote 
Wyatt located in Virginia as chaplain of the 
colony, being a brother of Sir Francis Wyatt, 
who served four terms by appointment as gov- 
ernor of Virginia. Mrs. Latham's mother came 
of French and Spanish stock, and was born in 
Missouri. Savillah, the eighth in a family 
of nine children, was born November 0, 1S31. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



971 



John Wyatt, biT LrothtT, was :i^.»uci:itL-d witli 
ColKiiel L;ithaiu iu fouuiliuij Liaculn. McuibtTs 
of bis fnmily still le.siile iu tUe town. .Miss 
Wyntt was educated at the Illiuois Female 
College at Jack.sonville, and was wie of llie 
seveu charter ineiiilicrs of the Uelie Lettres 
Society, one of the flrst college literaiy socie- 
ties of the state. Iu 1S7G Mrs. Latham estab- 
lished the Liucoln Art Society, and in ISM was 
the orgauizer of the Cculral Illinois Art Uiiioii, 
the first federatiou of clubs Unowu. A womau 
of broad culture, great charm of manner and a 
large Icnowledge of customs and iieople gained 
through a long lifetime of travel throughout 
almost every country of the world, of un- 
bounded hospitality, Mrs. Latham has long been 
one of the most iufluciiiial forces of the society 
of Central Illinois. In every benevolent and 
public-sjiiriteil movement of her husband, Mrs. 
Latham was his able assistant and much of 
■what be accomplished was due to her encourage- 
ment and strong personality. Colonel and Mrs. 
Latham had the following children : May, 
Richard, Roberta, Willliam W., and Georgiana, 
who umrried Aaron L. Gamble, of Evausville, 
Indliiiia. 



Col. Uobert 1'.. Latham died April 10, l.sbo, 
at I>aytona, I'la., where he had gone with his 
family to avcjld the rigors of an Illinois winter. 
The remains were lirou::lit to Lincoln and inter- 
nicut wa^ frou] ihe family home, Latham Place. 
I>urim,' tile Imurs the luneral services were in 
pruuiTss, all busiiic-s was suspended in Lincoln, 
a tcstluhiiiiai uliirli utalth, intluence or position 
could nut wiii. It was the reward of a grateful 
peopl,. ill rrtiun lor the services of the dead. 

In hi- liiVtime Coldicl Latli.iin saw the entire 
<lcvc!.>|,i,n.ia of the state of Illinois. He bore 
Well his part iu th:it work. In whatever posi- 
tion ho was placed he showed himself equal to 
the W(jrk an<l master of the situation. What 
he accomiilisheil is not to be measured by mere 
words or empty phra.se.s. His record stands 
upon a more enduring foundation, that of real 
deeds wrcaight for others and kindly thouglits 
materialized into substantial institutions. .\s 
long as Lincoln st.mds the name of Col. Robert 
B. Latham will be remembered and kept in 
grateful regard by those who are benefiting and 
who will benefit from his lifework. 



GEOKGE R. THORXE. 



Lessons are daily brought home to us; tuition 
is ours for the asking iu the various fields of 
human endeavor ; we need no school or in- 
structors to show us in which direction we must 
lay the course of our energies to gain position 
and success. It is true that study is needed, 
but the caicers of the men who have tried and 
have attained, furnish better instruction than 
can be gained through any other line. One of 
these lessons is that a real man does not allow 
himself to know the -word "quit" has found a 
Xilace in our dictionary, our vocabulary or our 
personality. We may take a case in this con- 
nection and illustrate our point. George R. 
Thome who. throuc-li a long and honorable con- 
nection with the world-known establishment of 
Montgomery Ward & Company, and his thought- 
ful interest in other persons and things and by 
his genial social qualities, has well earned the 
confidence and high esteem in which he is 
held by all who know him. 

George K. Thorne was born at Vcrgennes, Vt., 
September 20, 1S3T, a son of Hallottc and Sarah 
Thorne, who came of English stock. During 
his lioyhoo<l, -Mr. Thorne was on a farm in his 
native state, and secured such educational ad- 



vantages as \\cre offered iu his community. 
When he reached the age of twenty years, he 
realized that there were little or no opiwrtuni- 
ties for advancemenf at home, so went to Kala- 
mazoo, Mich., where he was employed as a 
clerk in a mercantile establishment until the 
outbreak of the Civil war. Responding to the 
president's call for troops, Mr. Thorne enlisted 
and served as a lit'U tenant quartermaster in the 
Army of the Missouri, with headquarters at St. 
Louis througliout the i)ericKl of hostilities. Fol- 
lowing the close of the war, he was sent west 
as quartermaster of the Second Missouri .\rtil- 
lery, and there spent several months, the detail 
being engaged in subduing Indian uprisings. 

Later on .Mr. Tborne came to Chicago and 
eJigagcd iu a grocery business for a short time,, 
and Iheii went into a luml>er business, con- 
tintiing in the latter until 1S72, when he sold 
and joined A. Montgomery Ward in establishing 
the house of Montu'omery Ward & Company. 
This enterprise prospered from its Inception, 
and was iiicoriwiratcd in 1,SS9 with Mr. Ward 
as president, and .Mr. Tliorne as vice-president. 
The former continued at the head of the house 
until his death, but the latter retired in 1803, 



972 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



although iii> to that date lie reinained the second 
in comiiiaiid. The e.stalilishiiieiit of the con- 
cern in ]s72 was the hogiuuin- of the mail order 
husiness. The idea of seourin;; patronage 
through the mails was thought to be an im- 
practical one hy the uiajorilj of tlie most 
progressive business men of that day, but Mont- 
gomery Ward & Company iiroved that such con- 
tention was wrong. At lirst this method was 
conducted upon a small scale, as the contklence 
of the country had to be gained, and people 
taught to buy through the mails, and so well 
did this pioneer mail order liouse succeed, that 
it not only placed itself among the concerns 
known all over the world, but led the proces- 
sion for countless others which soon fell into 
line. The initial success was in very large 
measure due to Mr. Thome's honesty and 
sound, practical bu.siness mefhod-s. Throughout 
his active life, lie gave his undivided attention 
to the upbuilding of this busine.ss, and at the 
time of his retirement, the annual sales had 
readied ?23,000.(KX). The trade had extended 
from coast to coast, and a branch house was 
established at Kansas City, Jfo. As they grew 
old enough, Mr. Thome's sous entered the 
house, and worked themselves up from hum- 
ble positions to those of responsibility. Their 
grasp of affairs enabled the father to retire, 
and since then, under their skillful and sys- 
tematic met hods, the business has still further 
expanded. 

Geor^'e 1{. Thorne was ni.iVried at Ivalainazoo, 
Mich., in lSO;i, to Miss VAWn Cobb, a daughter 
■of Merritt D. Cobb of that place, and they had 



seven children, namely: William C, who is 
vice-presideut of Montgomery Ward & Com- 
pany; Laura, who is the wife of Iteubeu II. 
Donnelley of Chicago; Charles II., who is now 
president of Montgomery Ward & Company; 
George A., who is connected with .Montgomery 
Wai-d & Conip;iny; James W., who is publicity 
and sales manager of the company; Robert J., 
who is manager of the Kansas City branch ; 
and Mabel C, who is deceased. Since his re- 
tirement, Mr. Thorne has spent much of his 
time iu travel, visiting nearly every point of 
interest in the world. However, he has retained 
his residence at Chicago. It was through his 
efforts that the Midlothian Country Club 
was organized, and he has served it con- 
tinuously as its president. His princijial 
recreation has always been golf. In poli- 
ti's his views have always made him a 
Ilei.ulilican. .'-:o< ially he belon-s to the Uni(m 
League and Kenwood clubs, and in addition to 
the Jlidlothian Club, he is connected with other 
golf clubs of the city. In close touch with the 
progress of events, he displays the activity of 
a man much younger than his year.s. He is a 
man who has known adversity ; he has felt its 
sting and its humiliation; but he rose above 
those things early in his career, and through 
a cheerful nature and energetic life, has not 
only forgotten the dark days of his beginning, 
but has been able and willing to help others 
o\er the obstacle.^ that lie in the [lath of 
ambition. 



CHARLES IIALLETT THORXE. 



Chicago has long been distinguished for its 
modern methods in nierchaudising. The great 
mail order system, of which Montgomery Waixl 
& Company are the founders, is one of the 
most important factors in commercialism of the 
Nation. Its great convenience to the public and 
its savings in many millions of dollars annually 
to the consumer, is most commendable and has 
revolutionized merchandising throughout the 
entire world. The famous establishment of 
Montgomery Ward & Company of Chicago, 
which was conceived and established in 1ST2. 
by George R. Thorne and A. Montgon\ery Ward, 
may be classed as the pioneer in this enter- 
prise, and is among the largest of its kind iu 
the world. Among the enterprising and pro- 
gressive men who iu the last quarter of a cen- 



tury have utilized the opportunities offered in 
Chicago for business progress and attained 
thereby notable success, is Charles Ilallett 
Thorne, president of Montgomery Ward 6L- Com- 
pany, of this cit.v. The possibilities of success- 
ful attainment constantly incite to the exercise 
of energy and perseverance and we find in 
nearly every case that those who stand highest 
in inihlic esteem are men who have tlevoted their 
lives to dec|) study and close application, and 
at the outset of life placed just valuation ui>on 
honor, integrity and determination. With tliese 
qualities as a capital, Charles Ilallett Thorne' 
entered u[iou his business career and has won 
for himself a notable name and place in the 
business and financial circles of the city. The 
cliaracteristics which have made him one of the 



'^^^i 



I 



W 



XA.J 



£'x:.<x.i^^^c/' ^ 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOrEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



973 



prominent iiuTchants of ChioaL'o are dearly de- 
fined and tlieir development has pUic-ed him 
in tbe position of leadei>liiii which lie today 
otcupios iu tliis LTcat concern. 

A native of Chicai,'o. Mr. Tliorne was bom 
December 3, 1S(J«, a son of Georjre i;. and Ellen 
(Cobb) Thornr. Ilis early educational advan- 
tages were those afforded by the piiblic schools 
of Chicago, and later the University of Michi- 
gan. Thns wtll enuii)i)ed by liberal mental 
training for the duties of life, be entered upon 
his business career on January 2, 1SS9, as stock 
clerk In tbe buu.se of Montgomery Ward & 
Coinpany. and was advanced through various 
intermediate positions until made assistant 
treasurer in ISO;!. Later he was elected treas- 
urer and one of the directors of the company, 
and in 1014 became president. The unique posi- 
tion which Jlontgomery Ward & Company occu- 
pies in relation to the trade interests of America 
Is well known, and under the progressive policy 
of Charles II. Thorno and his associates, rapid 
growth lias been one of the features of the 
house, llesulting from a spirit of enterprise 
that is evidenced through now ideas and mod- 
ern methods in merchandising, it has flourished 
under the present executive heads during the 
last decade more than at any time iu the his- 
tory of its existence. Tliough busily engaged 
in bis connection with the house of Montgomery 
Ward & Company, Charles II. Thorne does not 
confine his ability alone to the management of 
his department in this establishment. He also 
finds time for extending liis energies in various 



directions an<l Is financially interested in othar 
enterprises. He is ti director of the Continental 
and Commercial National I'.ank of Chicago and 
has also taken an active interest in civic affairs, 
cooperating in many movements for the direct 
benefit and uplinildinu' of the city. He is a 
member of the C<immercial Club and one of tbe 
Chicago rian Coimiiittee of that hcnly, and a 
trustee of tbe Art Institute. 

Mr. Thorne was married at Teoria. 111., De- 
cember ."30, 1801. to Miss Belle Willier, of that 
city, and to this union, three children were 
born: Hallet W., Klizahetb W., and Leslie. Mr. 
Thorne is interested in golf a.s a means of recrea- 
tion and is a valued member of various leading 
clubs, including the Chicago Athletic and Chicago 
Yacht clulis and all the principal north shore 
organizations, including the Jlidlotbian, Skokie 
and Exmoor Country clubs. He is a splendid 
type of the business man who has made Chicago 
one of the world's chief commercial centers, and 
yet his interest.s iu bushiess are not of that 
absorbing kind which precludes activity along 
those lines which make for well rounded char- 
acter and development. He is a man of broad 
information in many directions. His personal 
acquaintance with leading citizens of note is a 
broad one and his spirit of good fellov.-ship 
makes life brighter for those with whom he 
comes in contact. He is interested in all that 
pertains to modern progress and improvements 
along material, intellec-tuni and moral lines and 
his charities extend to all worthy enterprises. 



JOHN WILLIAM ALLEN. 



In the vocabulary of Chicago business men 
there is found no such word as luck, for through 
long years of experience they have become cnn- 
Tliiced that prosperity and position come only 
through the medium of persistent application of 
Intelligent methods that require time for their 
full development. To the highest order of or- 
ganizing sense and executive attainments must 
be added the confidence of tbe public and a 
concise and intimate knowledge of the field to 
l>e occupied, the latter only to be attained by 
gradual and well-timed approaches. .Sudden 
and phenomenal rise to aflluence and independ- 
ence is iiiost uncommon, and not unusually is 
followed by complete failure. Certain it is that 
none would intimate that John William Allen, 
directing head of the large bakers' and con- 
fectioners' supplies firm of J. W. Allen i<c Com- 



pany, of Chicago, owes his success to any lucky 
chance or circumstance. His career has been 
one of slow and steady advancement, from the 
time when as an inexperienced youth, handi- 
capped physically and liiiau' i.ally, he entered 
the fierce couipetitioii of the Illinois mefroixilis, 
and through sheer courage and determination 
made a place for himself amonir the men who 
were forcmo'it in commenaal and industrial cir- 
cles. Fur 111." 11,, years \\c\y. be lias urcuiiiod a 
recognized ]iii.-iticru in liii-iiii--s and fln.ainial 
life, and continues to niaiiitaiii a hidi standard 
of ]irinciiiU-. wliiih. iicrhaps, is one of the chief 
reasons for l.i. sincess. 

John William Allen Is a .Michigander, born 
near the city of Ann Arbor, in Washtenaw 
County. Septembi r A, l^l'^. and is a son of Al- 
mond A. and Lucy (I'owell) Allen, natives of 



974 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



New York and early settlers of Miebi?an, where 
the family made their linme for many rears, tlie 
parents I'oth passing -away in that state. They 
were intelligent, earnest and honest people, rear- 
ing their children iu paths of righteousness and 
always manifesting a desire to do their share 
of the world's work. During the great struggle 
for supremacy between the North and the South 
during the Civil war, the father displayed his 
patriotism and heroism by serving valiantly 
under the flag of the Union. He was sent 
west to assist in quelling the Indian disturb- 
ances, and while in this service lost his health, 
which he had never fully recovered .at the time 
of his demise. 

John W. Allen received his early literary 
training in the district schools of Calhoun 
County, Mich., and for five years his big 
Newfoundland dog drew him to and from school 
on a sled, as the lad was a cripple and almost 
helpless during the boyhood period of his life. 
He did not secure the privileges of an academic 
training, although of the opportunities offered 
he availed himself to the utmost, being an am- 
bitious and attentive scholar. Experience has 
been his chief teacher, and under its tuition 
he has learned many valuable and valued les- 
sons, but he has ever been a keen ob.server, a 
student of human nature and a great reader of 
books, and in this way has made himself a very 
well-informed man on topics of general Interest 
and importance. With the ambition and energy 
that formed a part of his inheritance, he started 
at the ago of seventeen years to learn the mill- 
ing business, which he followed at Battle Creek 
and Ann Arbor, Mich., until he attained his 
majority. At that time he first ventured to Chi- 
cago, where he secured a clerkshiii with the 
firm of I.ynian & Silliman, tea and coffee mer- 
chants, and remained with that concern twelve 
years. During this time he practiced the most 
rigid economy, and eventually, by reason of this, 
found himself possessed of a capital suflicient 
to embark iu a modest business venture. About 
this tiuie, however, when he was looking for a 
profitable field for investment, misfortune over- 
came him in the shape of the failure of the 
Fidelity Savings Bank, iu which were stored 
his hard-earned moans. Later he considered 
himself fortunate to secure .$r,fHj for his bank 
book, and ho went to work, with aml'itlon just 
as strong, to again gain a capital. Two years 



later he realized his ambition by becoming the 
proiiriotor of an establishment of his own when 
he embarked in business at No. SO West Van 
Buren street, where he remained successfully 
for eighteen years. At the end of that period, 
finding himself in need of a more commodious 
place of business, he removed to No. 203 Wash- 
ington boulevard, where he occupied a five-story 
building for nine years. He then built a mod- 
ern reinforced concrete and brick structure, of 
four stories and basement, at Nos. 110-llS North 
I'eoria street, where he is now conducting busi- 
ness. He is at the head of an extensive and 
profitable corporation, dealing in bakers' and 
confectioners" suiiplies, operating under the name 
of J. W. Allen & Company. Some idea of the 
growth of this concern may bo gained from the 
fact that when be started out in business he 
did all the work himself and at present requires 
the assistance of a large force of emi)loyes. He 
is likewise the owner of the old Windiate farm 
in Calhoun County, Mich. His life record is 
one which merits both admiration and emula- 
tion, for he has worked his way steadily up- 
ward to a jiositlon of prominence and influence 
In his adopted city. 

On December 30, 1872, Mr. Allen was married 
to Miss Emma M. Windiato, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Almira (Mead) Windiate, of Calhoun 
County, Mich., and to this union one son was 
born: Harry W., who is now secretary and 
treasurer of the firm of J. W. Allen & Company. 
He married Winuifred Niswanger and they have 
one son : Frank W. 

In politics Mr. Allen is a Republican, loyally 
supporting the men and measures of that party. 
He belongs to the Chicago Association of Com- 
merce and the Illinois Manufacturers" Associa- 
tion, holds membership also in the National 
Master Bakers' Association. He is a valued 
representative of the Masonic fraternity, aud 
also holds a life membership in the Art Insti- 
tute of Chicago. Motoring and fishing afford 
him pleasure and recreation. His record is an 
illustration of the fact that opportunity is open 
to all. With a nature that could not be content 
with medii>crity, his laudable arabitiou has 
prompted him to put forth untiring aud prac- 
tical effort until he has long since left the ranks 
of the ordinary many and taken his place among 
the successful few. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



975 



BENJAMIN HENRY BREAKSTONE. 



Distinguished alike as pliysieian, surgeon 
and scientist, Dr. Benj.uiiin Henry Breakstone 
occuiiies a lire-eiiiiueut i)lace among tlie pro- 
fessional men of Cliicago, where for more than 
a decade he has devoted his high attainments 
to accomplishing what has brought him wide 
reiiutatiun. univers;il recognition and honors 
of an enviable nature. Dr. Breakstone's pro- 
fessional achievements are based upon an in- 
timate knowledge of the intricate subjects of 
human anatomy and scientific therapeutics. 
Like many other capable, successful and prom- 
inent men, he did not start out in life with the 
ambition to encompass something phenomenal, 
but, at the outset of his career, he placed a just 
valuation upon honor, integrity and determina- 
tion, and with those qualities as capital has 
won for himself a notable place in the Illinois 
field of medicine and surgery. 

Dr. Breakstone has passed the greater part 
of his life- in the United States, although his 
birth occurred many thousands of miles away, 
taking place in .Suwolk, Poland, Russia, March 
27, ISTT. He is a son of Judah Beuben and 
Esther (Semiatisky) Breakstone, who immi- 
grated to America when Benjamin Henry was 
a child, and settled in New York City, and in 
that metropolis, in Grammar Scliool No. 2, the 
youth obtained his first English educational 
training. In 1!nS9 his parents removed to Scran- 
ton, Pa., and he completed his literary course 
In the high school of that city, where he gi-adu- 
ated in 1SI»3. In early boyhood he had deter- 
mined to make the iiractice of medicine his life 
work, and eagerly embraced the opiX)rtunity 
which qualified him for professional service. 
Matriculating in Paish .Aiedical College, Chicago, 
in 1S0.5, he attended four whole years and was 
graduated from this institution with the degree 
of M. D. in 1^00, and at the same time he took 
a course at Illinois College of Psychology and 
Suggestive Tlieraiieutics, where he was gradu- 
ated in August. lS!i7. In April, 1S9S, he passed 
the required esaniination before the Illinois 
State Board of Llealth, and in 1!X>2 was granted 
the degree of Bachelor of Science by Carnegie 
Institution. lie put his surgical knowledge to a 
I)ractical test liy active experience in the Cook 
County Hospital, from IS'.lT until ISOlt, and was 
assistant in the gynecological clinic of the Cen- 
. tral Free Dispensary of Chicago at the same 
time. In ]SC*!> ho became assistant attending 
neurologist in the Central Free Dispensary, a 



position which he held for one year, after which 
he was surgeon for a like period and house 
physician during 1!»01--'. In 1S'.»0-1'.WO Doctor 
Breakstone was adjunct professor of clieuiistry 
in Jenner Medical College. He became physician 
to (and honorary mrmlx'r of) the Friends of 
tlie I'oor, in is'.is, and has so since served; has 
been physician to the .Mutual Friends, Second 
111. \o\. Inf., since IV'JS; was attending stirgeon, 
1SUU-11X)1, and surgeon-in-chief since 1001 for 
the Itetl Shield Sanitnritun; surgeon-in-chief of 
the department of skin, venereal and genito- 
urinary diseases at Mainionides Polyclinic and 
Hospital; adjunct professor of diseases of 
women at the Illinois Medical College in 1900-2; 
attending dermatologist and genito-urinary sur- 
geon of the Illinois .Medical College Dispensary, 
lSiK.t-1901; attending gynecologist, in 1004, and 
since 1001 associate attending surgeon at the 
United Hebrew Charities Dispensary; profes.sor 
of genito-urinary surgery and venereal diseases 
at Jenner Medical College, since 1903; attend- 
ing surgeon at Olivet Mission Dispensary, .since 
1903, and surgeon to the Cook County Hospital. 
1901. Doctor Breakstone was head of the de- 
I>artment of genito-urinary diseases from 190S 
to 1910, and since then professor of clinical 
surgery in Bennett Medical College, which is 
the medical department of the Loyola Univer- 
sity. He is also consulting surgeon to the Mary 
Thompson Hospital for Women and Children, 
attending surgeon to the Jeffersou Park Hos- 
pital, and attending surgeon to the Rhodes Ave- 
nue Hospital. He is widely known because of 
his contriliutions to medical literature and as 
the author of ".Vmbulatory Radical Painless 
Surgery," a work that has attracted attention 
extensively and has received the indorsement 
of the eminent members of the profession 
throughout the country. Doctor Breakstone was 
the organizer of the -Mainionides Hospital, and 
it was solely through his untiring efforts tlmt it 
was opened to the ]niblie, June 24, 1013, and 
since that time he has served as chief-of-staff. 
I'ew iihysicians of the city have done equal 
work in hospital [>ractice and his broad experi- 
ence and comprehensive study have enabled him 
to speak with audiority upon many subjects of 
great interest to tlie profession. Doctor Break- 
stone belongs to various medical societies and 
keeps thoroughly informeil concerning all that 
modern research. exi>eriment and investigation 
are bringing to light, bearing upon the practice 



976 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



of iiR'Jiciuo and surgery. A well-traiiieJ and- 
dbrerniii,' miiul enallos Uiiu to ifailil^ grasp 
the vital and salieut iwints incsuiited, not only 
in medical litt'rature, Imt in tlic disc-ussion of 
the broad que-tiuns whk!i invdlvi' tlu- uclfare 
and progress of the indi^idual aiul tlio cmiiitry 
at large. 

Doctor Bi-cakstono is a njcnilior of the Chicago 
Mitlical Associatiuii ; has heen vi.c-iircsident of 
the West Chicago Medical Society since I'.IO--' ; 
he is now counselor to the Chicago Medical So- 
ciety and chairman of the Alin>e of Medical 
Charities committee, on which suhject he has 
written a numlicr of articles apiiearing in vari- 
ous medical journals; was formerly president 
and treasurer of the West Side Physicians Club; 
is a member of the Chicago Academy of Surgery 
and the Illinois Surgical Society: and is an hon- 
orary alumnus of the Illinois Medical College. 
He is also a member of the Uniform Rank of 
the Knights of I'ythias; the Indeiiendent West- 
ern Star order, and the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. Other organizations in which lie 
has membershi]) include the Eldorado Associa- 
tion of Conmierce, the Self Educational, the 
Press and Lawndale clubs, and the .\rt Institute. 
At one time Le was a member of the board of 
directors of the Chicago Hebrew Institute, and 



is now a member of the board of directors of 
the Federated Charities. 

In April, ICKfi, Doctor BreaUstonc was married 
to -Mi.ss Kose Friedman, and to this union there 
ha\e been born four children: r.fn/.idu. Judah 
Ueuben, Blanche Dorothy an.l Irvin'.:. the last 
three of whom are living. 

Dortor Breakstone is an indeiicudiMit voter. 
Wisely and conscifUtiously using Ihe talents 
witli which nature has endov.ed liini, and im- 
proving every opportunity, he has come to stand 
with the eminent physicians and surgeons of 
Chicago. As indicatwl, he is well known in the 
social circles of the city, takes a most active and 
helpful iiart in benevolent and charitable enter- 
prises, and is ever ready to extend a helping 
hand to all worthy movements, and also is never 
too busy to be courteous and cordial, thus win- 
ning the esteem of those of all creeds and po- 
litical proclivities. Mrs. Breakstone is also 
prominent in Chicago social circles. She is a 
lady of grace, education and refinement, being 
unusually talented, an excellent vocalist, a 
skilled pianist and a gifted artist. Her influ- 
ence is felt both in social and benevolent work, 
and her friends are as numerous as her acquaint- 
ances. 



WILLIAM RIUDELL. 



The really useful men of a community are 
those on whom their fellow citizens can rely 
in affairs of public importance; men who have 
won this confidence by the wis<lom of their own 
investments and by the honorable lives they 
have led in every field of effort, and as neigh- 
twrs and friends. Such a m.m in every pnr- 
tic\dar was the late William Biddell of Spar- 
land, Marshall County, 111., who was the most 
prominent representative of the financial inter- 
ests of his city, lie was born on the Welli;reen 
farm near Glasford, Scotland, November 21, 
lS-f4, and lived there until I'm;!!, when he came 
to the Vnitid Slates, locatin- on a farm in 
Marshall County. 111. There he worked by tbr 
month, but later developed into an extensive 
shipper of stock. For thirty-eight years he was 
engaged in the grain trade, which came from 
his stock connections, and in May, lfiO.3, he be- 
came president of the Spiarland Bank, a private 
institution backed by his i)ersonaI resources, he 
beijig one of the heaviest stockholders of it. 
Mr. Kiddell was also a stockholder in the First 
National Bank of Lacou, 111., and the State 



Trust and Savings Bank of Peoria, 111. In ad- 
dition he was the owner of a section of excellent 
land near Sparland, 111., and about -1,000 acres 
in Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma. Texas and 
Canada. For years his wise counsel was valued 
at its true worth and his advice was sought 
by those having in view the establishing of new 
business ventures in Marshall County. In all 
of his operations, he was a man of unswerving 
iiiie-i-ity. keen intelligence, undying energy, posi- 
live character, and he took a liberal view of 
lilV. 

In issl .Mr. Bidden married Miss .Mary C. 
Siiiith of .Mar>lia]| County and tlicy bocauie the 
I.airiits ..f thr.',. rbildrou, nauu'ly : .Margaret 
S.. William S.. aii.l Bobcvt .T.. ihr tw<, latter of 
wli.ini arc living. Margaret S. was bnrn Xovcm- 
ber IS, is^ii. She was graduated from the 
Spailinid High school in June, 1001, and left 
for Mimaiouth C( lleue the same year. Here 
she remained for two years, siiending the fol- 
lowing two years at Knox College of Galesburg, 
III. In the summer of ]no.-> she went with her 
parents and younger brother to Scotland, and 



f 



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S^ 



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



there she (lied, after a month's illness, of tjiihoid 
fever, iu the city of .«:trath.iven, Scpteuilier 10, 
1905. She is buried in the Strathaven Ceme- 
tery. William S., after leaving the SparlanJ 
High school, tooli a business course at I'eoria, 
111., and then entered the First National BanU 
of Laeon as boolclieeiier, thus continuing for 
two and one-half years, when he embarl<ed in 
a livery business at the same place and he is 
still conducting it and looldng after tiie estate 
left by his father. He married Elizabeth Wes- 
cott of I.acon, 111., a daughter of Circuit Cleric 
William L. Wescott and wife, and they have 
one daughter, Mary Virginia. IJobort J. entered 
Monmouth College in September, 1911, from the 
Sparland High school and he is now a member 
of the Junior class. Mr. Riddell was a stalwart 
Republican but could never be induced to accept 
office, as he did not seelc publicity of any liind. 
The TTnited Presbyterian church hold his mem- 
bership and profited by his generosity. His 
deatli occurred October 28, 1012, and he was 
mourned by a wide concourse of friends who 
realized that in his demise Marshall County lost 
one of its best known and most reiiresentative 
meu. 

Mrs. raddell was born in Marsliall County, 
111., a daughter of William and Ottilia (Fo.s- 



bendiT) S'.nitli, tlie former born In Scotland, .May 
4, 1^23, died at .^i-arland. 111., Feliruary 8, IHOT, 
at the age of eiglitythree years. lie was one 
of the pioneers of Marshall County, coming 
here wlieu seventeen years old, and tooli a 
prominent part in tlie development of hi.s lo- 
cality, being the lirst town clerk of La Prairie 
and one of the fvmndeis in isriS of the old 
Prosliyterian chnr'li. His widow survives him. 
making lier liome at .'^pnrland, being now seven- 
ty-eight years old. Shu is a memlicr of tlie 
United Presbyterian cliunli. 

Willliim Piddiirs work is done, his life course 
is run, ami his reoad is closed. There are few 
men of .Marshall County, however, who led more 
blameU'ss lives or during the same number of 
years accomplistied more. Not only did be place 
the institutions witli wlilrh he was connected 
Ufion a firm, sound, linancial foundation, but 
he elevated the tone of his neighborliood and 
advanced the cause of religion. In his liome 
he was a tender and loving luisliand and father 
and among his associates, a friend who did not 
allow reverses to aflcct his attachments. The 
loss of such a man to the community is great 
and in this case is recognized as a calamity and 
one from whicli the people of Sparland have not 
yet recovered. 



WILLIAM CJRACK. 



.^moiig the labors to wliieh men devote their 
activities there are none which have a more 
Imiiortant bearing upon the growtb and devel- 
opment of any conmiunity than those which 
haie to do with laiilding and architecture and 
their allied interests. The vocations which 
fashion and erect the homes of citizens anil 
the bnildings in which large enterprises are 
housed are among the oldest known to civiliza- 
tion, and iu their ranlcs have been found men 
who have risen to high places in the wurkl. 
The community which may boast of able and 
energetic workers in these fields seldom wants 
for enterprise and civic zeal. They create a 
need for their services, and while advancing 
their own interests they promote the comniu- 
uity's growth. Without such meu, a city may 
not hope to prosper, for, lacking their initia- 
tive, skill and resource other enterprises are 
affected and fall into tlie rut of mediocrity 
which eventuates in failure. 

Among the leading representatives in building 
and architectural work in the great and con- 
stantly-growing city of Chicago, William Grace 



high iilace, for lie has lieen 
is liiiL- of endeavor both in 
Hilling country for more than 
■. Ciace was born in Hull, 
r 11, 1S47, the eldest .son of 
1 Mary (Bodell) Grace. His 
aL'cs were gained in the pub- 
■ early decided that greater 
to be found in the I'nited 



ited 



iiul loc^ii.a in Chicago. In the llli- 
;>.|iolis. hi' began to engage in cou- 
iiil buildimr. and through his own un- 
r-ls and pliLk worked his way up the 
su.-ivvs. round by round, gro^^ in,' with 
of hi. :i(lo|,;iou and sli:nin_' in its 
; piosporitx. On coming to ciiirngo, 

Ir. Grace took charge of the ( strnc- 

; for Charles Cook and others until 
f IsTl. when he engaged as a builder 
n account, and has since continued In 
of activity. He later organized the 
(;iace Company, builders and oon- 
.vhich was incoriiorated and of which 



978 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



be l.s laesiiU'Ut. Jlr. Grace luis not ouly Imilt 
up oue of the most iiroiuiiieiit and active con- 
ceru.s iloini,' buj^iness alon^' these lines in Chi- 
cago, but also extends his oiierations to many 
parts of the United States and Canada. Among 
the more prominent structures erected in Chi- 
cago and elsewhere may be mentioned the Coli- 
seum, Stock Yards I'aviliou, La Salle Street 
Station, new Cook County Court House. Ilih- 
bard-Spcncer-Bartlett & Company's buildin?, 
and many of the buiWinss of the University 
of Chicago; the Grand Central Station, at New 
York City, rebuilt in 1V.)7 s. the First National 
ISank liuilding, Ila^-'crman building. Antlers 
Hotel and other buildiiu's. at Colorado Springs, 
the Post Olhce and Customs House at Newborne, 
North Carolina, the Union Depot, at Omaha, 
Nebraska, the Rock Island Station and office 
building at Topeka, Kansas, the Agricultural 
College building at Saint Ann's, Province of 
Quebec, Canada, the Union Bank and olfice 
building at Jlontreal, Canada, the P.ank of 
British North America and numerous other 
buildings at Winnipeg, Canada. 

Mr. Grace's life has been one of continuous 
activity in which has been accorded due recog- 
nition of labor. Few have shown greater execu- 
tive ability and few have been more active in 
business circles. He has always been deeply in- 
terested in Chicago's welfare and at all times 
his sympathy and support ha^e been with the 
mea.sures that in any way benefit the western 
metropolis. For forty-two years he has been 
identified with the liuilding and architectural 
interests of Chicago, and during this entire 
period has maintained a high standard of busi- 
ness ethics. No citizen has been more active 
in the promotion of progress and advancement. 



and none enjoys a higher standing, both in Imsi- 
ness and social cin.les. 

Mr. Grace was married at Manchester, Eng- 
land, August 20, ISOS, to iliss Mary Bootli, of 
Middleton, a woman of culture and relinemeut 
and of many admirable traits of character, and 
to tills union there were born four children, 
two of whom died in infancy. Those living 
are: John W.. a civil engineer, a graduate of 
the Polytecliniipie of Tro.\-, N. Y., and Har- 
vey E., treasurer of his father's business. They 
are das.sed with the men of action in this 
city. Though quiet and unostentatious in man- 
ner, Mr. Grace has many warm friends, and 
those who know him recognize in him a man 
of earnest purpose and progressive principles. 

Jlr. Grace is a Mason of high stamling, be- 
ing a member of Landmark Lodge, Fairview 
Chapter, Englewood Conuiiandery and Medinah 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He is also a 
valued member of the Union League, Chicago 
.ithletic and Builders clubs, and though prom- 
inent in the social life of Chicago, does not 
forget those whose careers have been less for- 
tunate than his own, his charities extending 
to many worthy individuals and institutions. 

It has been Mr. Grace's fortune to achieve 
many accomplishments and to realize many of 
his high ideals. In so doing, he has traveled 
the difficult road that leads to self-made man- 
hood, and in his career has experienced the 
vicissitudes that attend the labors of the man 
of action. Through all his struggles he has 
steadfastly maintained liis unflinching integ- 
rity, and his reward is found in the fact that 
he may look back over his life, content with 
the knowledge of worthy effort and well-won 
battles. 



FRANK 0. LOAVDEN. 



Col. Frank 0. Lowden, wliose place of resi- 
dence is Sinnissi[ipi Farm in Nashua Town- 
ship, tliree miles southeast of Oregon, is Repre- 
sentative in Congress from this, the Thirteenth 
niuiois District. Congressman Lowden was 
born at Sunrise. Minn., January 20. ISGl, 
whither bis father Lorenzo O. Lowden, moved 
in lS."i:;, from reni!sylv;inia. His father was 
of Scotch-Irish and En.'iish stock, while liis 
mother, whose maiden name was Nancy Elizii- 
lieth Breir. was of Frencli and Dutch descent. 
After isa*. the family home was Hardin County, 
Iowa, where on the farm voung Ixnvden grew 



to manhood. He attended the rural schools 
during winter months and at fifteen was him- 
self a teacher. Teaching alternated with farm- 
ing, but a deterniin;ition to enter college was 
continuous, and after five years the entrance 
examinations to Iowa University at Iowa City 
were taken and passed, during which time a 
jiartial course h;ul been pursued for a time at 
the Agricultural College at Ames, Iowa. At 
the beginning of the junior year the young 
student's funds needing replenishing, he became 
principal of the school at Hubbard. Iowa, and 
while teaching and earning, kept up with his 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



979 



cliis^, wlikh he ro-ciitered at the oponiiif; of 
the -senior year, and was ijraduateil xahilii- 
ttirian. 

luiriiij: the followinj; year, lie was enuaped hi 
teaehiii- I.atiu and uiatheniMti.'s in the I'.ur- 
lini;ton lli::li -liool. nieanliine studyiiiu' law un 
his own account. He tlien, in ihv year I.S.S1;, 
went to t;!iic;aL'o. entered the hiw nlhee of Def- 
ter. Ileirick .\: .\.ll'ai as .-iteno-rajilier. and at 
the same time tvk advanee standin.i; in tl\e 
T'nlou Ci'll.'-'e of Law. Keepin}; up both lines 
of work, he «a< -radnated iu 1887, a-aiu as 
valedictorian, and received two first prizes. 
one for liis oration and one for .scholarship. 
His continued interest as an alumnus of Union 
C'olle.ue of I.aw, now Xorthwestern Law School, 
lias resulted iu the new assembly room beinu; 
Uiuiiod "Lowden Hall." After his graduation, 
Mr. Lowdeu began the practice of the law in 
Chicago, took part in politics and was connected 
with various civic reform as.sociation.s. During 
the Spanisli-Ainericau war Mr. Lowden was 
elected lientenant-colonel of the First Ue-'i- 
meat of Illinois Infantry. 

In \<:o Colonel Lowden i.nrMiased a beautiful 
old hnuM-te.ul and lariu i.f tldn acres on Uork 
Klvcr ne.ir Ure-'on, 111. He has replaced the 
oriu'inal hou-e with a coiinnodions cement and 
tliobiTcd jilastcr dwellin.:,', increased the wood- 
laiul b'a>lered lawn to a hundred acres, or more, 
planted to shrubbery and laid out in macadam 
driveways, and extejided the farm acreage until 
now there is a country estate of about five 
tliou.-iand acres, which -is used as a comliined 
residence and farm. 

In lfi<i4. Colonel Lowden was a candidate for 
the nepuhlieau nomination for governor. lie 
announced his candidacy at Oregon at a pub- 
lic meeting of citizens of Ogle County, presided 
over by Hie Hon. Robert It. ITitt, then con.gress- 
mau from the Thirteenth District, made a 
canvass of the state, and in the celebrated dead- 
lock convention, which convened at Springfield 
May iL'th. and. after a recess of ten days, be- 
ginning 3Iay 20th, adjourned June 3rd, received 
GSJVj votes, the highest number to ,go to him, 
on the seventy-third ballot, the number neces- 
sary to a choice (752), being obtaineil by 
no one until the seventy-ninth ballot. 

Becoming a candidate for Congress in the 
Thirteenth District, upon the resiirnatinn of 
Robert R. Hitt in the spring of lOOi;, Colonel 



Lowden received the UeiaibliiMn nomination at 
the jirlmaries laid tliroiiL-hnnt the distrb-t, and 
was elected for the uue.\|iir.'d term of the Fifty- 
ninth and the full term of the SIxtielh Congress, 
entering Ujicai his duties in Washington on De- 
cember :i, l!iii>;. speaker Caiinmi appointed him 
a nienib.M- of t!ie committee on Foreisn .Vffairs, 
of which his pMMle<ev<or had been the cluiirman 

of the c( lilt.-' on Militia. 

In l;iiil he was .lio.on .Xational Itepublican 
Committeeman for Illinois, .iiid was re-choseu 
iu ]!">S. Ho opened the campaign of the latter 
year in this state witli a s|ieecli at Murphys- 
boro. and sjioke repeatedly in dilTerent [larts of 
Illinois for the election of Secretary Taft and 
the re-election of Governor Deneeu. In the 
Thirteenth Congressional District, where he was 
again the irepiililican nominee for Congress, he 
made one op more speeches iu each of the six 
counties of the district, closing by addressing 
the citizens of Oregon and vicinity on the even- 
ing of the d.iy hefore election at a meeting hold 
in the court house, where, besides Republicans, 
adherents of other politienl parties were also 
present, the occasion being made a reception to 
Colonel Lowden personally, as well as a political 
meeting. 

Colonel Lowden was married in 1S9G to Miss 
Florence Pullman, of Cliicago, daughter of the 
late George M. I'ullman, president of the Pull- 
man Car Com[iany, and founder of the town of 
I'ullman. 111. -Miss Pullman received her edu- 
cation at Miss .Mine Brown's School, Xew York. 
After her graduation, she traveled abroad with 
her sister, under the chaperopage of Mrs. John 
A. Lo-.ui. Colonel and Mrs. Lowden have four 
children: Pullman. Florence, Harriet KlizabetU 
and FraiKOs Orrcn. Mrs. Lowden takes an 
intclliueiit iut.M-e.-t in politics and public affairs, 
and often accompanies Colonel Lowden when 
making political tours and addresses in the 
distil' t and ill the state. She possesses the 
admirable, old-time quality of looking, with 
thou-'btful kindness and care, after the welfare 
of those about them. She also is iu sympathy 
with the hroad plans for the agricultural devel- 
opment of Sinnissiiipi Farm, and both she 
.Mid till' children, as well a.s Colonel Lowden. are 
very fond of the beautiful outdoor life and sur- 
rouudin-'^ of their Rock River home. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



FRANCIS ASBURY IIAYDEN. 



The late Fraucis Asbiiry llaydeu was a man 
of marked liberality and ijublic spirit. His 
principles were those of the sturdiest kind of 
honesty, altlioush he was not one to o!itriide 
his moral standards upon others. luti rested 
and an active participant in the uioioantile 
life of various places, he successfully fiuided 
the affairs of large concerns, his complete and 
rapid comprehension of business propositions 
as they were presented to him seemed to be in- 
tuitive, and he also possessed a shrewd i;nder- 
standing of men and their probable wollTes. 
His word had a value above parchment or legal 
formalities, and he was deservedly rariked 
among the open-hearted, generous and charita- 
ble men of his day. Mr. Haydeu was born at 
Rome, Oneida County, N. Y., July 2S, 183?, and 
there grew up useful and hapi)y, receiving a 
grammar and high school education. 

Beginning his business career at Konie, N. 1'., 
In a mercantile establishment, he thus found 
work that was both congenial and profitable, 
he later establishing himself at Syracuse, Onon- 
daga County, N. Y. Returning to Rome, he and 
his brother Cyrus went into a mercantile busi- 
ness which they conducted successfully for a 
time, and then Jlr. Ilayden went to Milwaukee, 
Wis., where he was malinger of one of the de- 
partments of a large dry goods concern of that 
city. Leaving Milwaukee, ho established him- 
self in a dry goods business at Winona, Jlinn., 
and still later came to Chicago, where he was 
associated with Hunt & Winslow, wholesale 
jobbers, with whom he remained until the fire 
of 1S71. During that terriljle iieriod, the estab- 
lishment was utterly destroyed by tire, and Jlr. 
Haydcn then was with IJndeaur P.ros. in a 
furnishing business until he formed his connec- 
tions with Kohn Bros., whirh continued uniil 
his death, he traveling for this lirm uvcr a wide 
territory. 

On Deceuiber 7, Is-'iO, Mr. H.-iyilcn was united 
in marriage with Miss mizabeth Glover of Wa- 



terloo-., Towa, a daughter of James and Ksther 
(Funderburg) Glover, natives of Chillicothe, 
Ohio, and Balt'.moro, Md., respectively. Mr. 
and Mrs. Haydt-n had the following children: 
Charles E., who ui.irried Mi.ss Mary Hrodell, 
and Jlay. Mr. Kaydeu belouged to the Epis- 
copal t-hiirch, but .Mrs. Hayden is a member 
of St. rail's Uni^ers.ilist Church. Charles E. 
Haydon was born in vYdterlao, Iowa, December 
5, IStiO, and Is now living in St. Louis, Mo., 
where he is prominent in Masonic circles and 
has attaijied an enviable standing both as a 
citizen and a .subf;tautial and .successful man of 
business. He is at tne head of the Crucible 
Steel Foundry of St Louis, and also has large 
real estate interests. Mr. and Jlrs. Charles 
E. JIaydc-n have one daughter, Hazel Bell, who 
resides at heme. 

The death of Mr. Haydon occurred January 1, 
1911 . During his life he was very prominent 
iu Masonry, and was known throughout the 
world Ds the author of "Ha.vden's Researches of 
Masonry." He was a member of Dearborn 
Lodg'>, Xo. 310, A. F. & A. M. ; Winona Chapter 
No. 5, R. A. M. ; a charter member of St. Ber- 
nard's Commandery Xo. 3o. K. T., of Chicago ; 
honorary member of Des Moines, la., Consistory 
Xo. .3 ; honorary member of Oriental Consistory 
of Chicago, and was crowned a Thirt.v-third de- 
gree Mason on April 20, 1SC6, at Washington, 
D. C. Mrs. Haydeu survives her husband, and 
maUos her home at the family residence, Xo. 
44-11 Woodlawn avenue,- Chicago. In reviewing 
the life of a man like Mr. Hayden. it is only 
necessary to say that he possessed a fine busi- 
ne.ss sense that gained him a goodly share of 
thi.s world's goods, and also a strict honesty of 
purpose and action combined with loyalty to 
his friends that makes for real manhood. In 
his death his immediate community suffered a 
great loss, his firm still nuss his faithful serv- 
ices, and bis family can never replace him. He 
lived up to his principles; he was a good man. 



GEORGE ^ITLTOX ^CARSIIALL. 



In every comumnity there are cert,' in nicn 
whose forceful personality and enthusiastic 
convictions with regard to its future, dominate 
all avenues of progress, and make possil)!e de- 
velopment and advancement. In many in- 
stances the.se representative men are Mt (he 
head of banking institutions, for their knowl- 



edge of human nature, their sound judgment 
and realization of true values, make them 
necessary to the conduct of such concerns. 
When such men are in charge of the finances 
of a coumiunity. it is sure to prosi>er, and its 
peo|)le live comfortably and securely, knowing 
that those more competent than they have their 







V' 



I 

n 



I 







HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP' ILLINOIS. 



981 



lUTiiirs In liiUnl. IlelviUere is specially foitiinate 
for it not only lias a souiui, consei-vativo luul 
reimtalile bauklns; house, but at its bvad Is a 
uiau wlio is known all over tlie northern part 
of the state, a man iu whom every trust is 
lilaittl. and upon whose jiiil^'uieni ui.my rely. 
The hanU in (luestion is the I-'irst National 
r.aiik of lirhiilere. while • its executive is 
(o-.r>;e .MiUen .Marshall, who is also associated 
Willi other interests in this city and else^vli^.•re. 
<;i-..ri;e Milton .Marshall was born at Syca- 
niiiri-. Hi., (ii-t"licr 1.^, ]>^r.l, a son of Thomas 
jiiHl K.H-h^il (Si-lln) Marshall, natives of ><:t- 
Ili,;;!iaui>hlre, ];n_i:land, and of Wilkesi'arre, P;i., 
re>|>ivtively. The father was edueateil iu the 
l<irl.--h schools of the Church of England ia his 
native land, and remained there until he was 
eighteen years old, when he left for the United 
States, being followed later by his parents. 
He Io<ated first at St. Charles, III., but after 
a year, moved to Sycamore Township, DeKalh 
County, liuying land there in 1S53. He became 
the owner of 7(X) acres of land which he de- 
voted to general farming and stock raising until 
his retirement in lOOC, at which time he located 
at Sycamore. He and his wife are still livini' 
In that city, lieing now aged respectively eighty- 
one and eiglity years. For years he has been 
one of the leading IJepublicans, politically, and 
Methodists, religiously, that the county pos- 
sesses. On the maternal side of the house there 
were flvc sous, and three of them served as 
soldiers in the Ciril war. Jacob Siglin, the old- 
est son, became a prominent attorney of Marsh- 
field, Ore., and was Adjutant General of the 
G. A. U. at the time of his death lu 1S95. 

George Milton Marshall grew up on his fa- 
ther's homestead where he was born, and at- 
tended the country schools, and also spent two 
years in the Sycamore High school. In ISSO he 
was graduated from r.ryant & Stratton's Bu.sl- 
ness College of Chicago. Following this he was 
in the employ of .Marshall Field & Co.'s whole- 
sale hon.se for one year. lie then returned to 
the homestead and there remained until ISSO. 
In that year he began farming on another rural 
property owned by his father, operating it for 
five years, during which time he also bought 
and sold grain and live stock at Charter Grove, 
111. Attracted by the opportunities at Celvi- 
dere, Mr. Marshall moved here in ISOl and 
embarked in a grain and coal business with 
M. G. Leonard, which association continuetl 
until 1S93, when a brother, Taylor Z. Marshall, 



puieliused the !iitei-est of Mr. Leonard, since 
which time the firm has been Marshall 
Brother.). For lifteen years the Iirothers han- 
dled grain and (.oal. tlicu began feeding sheep, 
and tiiidiug ii more iprotitable, tliey now coutiue 
theiii.-elves to i!;is industry, although addition- 
ally they own :uh1 hand.'e considerable real 
est, lie. M\: .Mar-hall's eoiinectb.n with the 
Fii-.t .Xati-.nal i::ii:k of lielvidere beijan with 
his clecli,.n as one »; its direetors ia I'.M,';!, and 
In J'.iCk; he was ph:ced at its head, and has con- 
tiuiK.'d its executive ever since. He was made 
president of the school board in 1002, and 

elected to rh^-: s.mn oil, re in VH 1. 

On February :^ !<si;, Mr. .Marshall was mar- 
ried to iiisy S;i>;ui Cottrell of Sycamore, 111., a 
diUighter of Norman and .Mary (Falmer) Cot- 
trell. Mr. Cottrell came to DeKalh County, 111., 
from Chautauan.a Coiinty, N. Y., and was a 
farmer and stock raiser until his retirement in 
the early nineties, at which time he located at 
Sycamore, where both iio and liis wife passed 
away. Mr. and .Mrs. .Marshall have had the 
following children : Florence, who died in 190S, 
at the age of twetity-one. while attending the 
I'liiversity of Wisconsin; Gilbert, who spent 
two years at the University of Wisconsin, is 
now at home and has charge of his father's 
sheep and land Interests; and Thomas, the 
younger son, is now attending school at the 
same university, being now a freshman and 
will specialize in law. 

.Mr. .Marshall is a Kepublican. born and 
bre<l. In religi.ius faith, he is a Methodist. Ilis 
grandfather, William Marshall, was one of the 
early Wesleyan Methodists in England, who 
came to the Fnited States In ISoS, and lived 
until his death, which took place in 1S7G, at 
the homo of his son, Thomas Marshall, at Syca- 
more. George Milton Marshall is a Mason, 
belonging to F.elvidere I>odge, No. CO, A. F. & 
A. M., and Kistwanker Chapter No. 90, R. .\. 
M. He is a meinher of the Chicago Transporta- 
tion .Vs.sociation of Chicago, which Ls comiiosed 
exclusively of transportation men. He belongs 
to the Belvidere .Vutomobile and the Belvidere 
Commercial clubs, and is also a member of the 
Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce. A man of 
wide interests and broad experience, Mr. 
>riirshall has won his right to be considered one 
of the leading men of his section, and lives up 
to his TCputatiou in his every day life and 
actions. 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



AMOS CHURCHILL. 



Couiins to Chicago in ls73, the liite Amos 
Churchill so well directed his activities auJ 
talents that he made ii recoguized pusitiim for 
himself amoii^' the business men of the Illi- 
nois luetroliolis, while in the discliar,::e v{ his 
duties as a citizen he was so capahle and iPiiMie- 
sjiirited that he was eminently worthy of the 
hiich esteem in which he was universally held, 
lu no jjoriod of recorded history has there been 
a time when the caring for tlie dead has not 
been a feature of the life of mankind and the 
ceremonies have been of a character that has 
been marked by the measure of civilization. 
The student of the customs and habits of na- 
tions finds that a reverence lias been paid to 
the dead oftentimes such as has not been given 
to the living. In late years the proper, digni- 
fied, sanitary conduct of funeral obsequies and 
disjiosal of the remains of those whose life- 
work has ended has been so developed as to be 
placed upon an equal standing with the learned 
professions. I'ntil his retirement >Ir. Churchill 
was known as one of Chicago's leading under- 
takers, and brought to his vocation a rare tact 
and excellent judgment. 

Amos Churchill was born at Xewbury, Ohio, 
July 25, 1!S37, and was a son of Albert aiu' 
Anna (Fosdick) Churchill, also natives of the 
Buckeye state. About 1843 the Churchill fam- 
ily came to Illinois, establishing their home 
near AVoodstock, in McHenry County, where 
the father engaged in farming and stock rais- 
ing, and continued to reside in that locality 
for a number of years. They were among 
the pioneers of that part of the state, and were 
lutelligent. earnest and honest jjeoplc, who were 
ever ready to do their part in the worlds work 
for civilization and progress. In their later 
years the parents moved to Iowa, and there 
both jiassed away. Amos Churchill was but 
six years of age when the family came to Illi- 
nois. In those days educational facilities in 
tlie new western states were limited in scope, 
schools usually keeping open for about three 
months of the year. Of .such advantages young 
Churchill availed himself to the ntmost. and 
while experience was his principal teacher, his 
observant eye and retentive mind made Iiini a 
well-posted man on all matters of im[iortance. 
While still in his junior years he entered the 
employ of Thomas Hunt, and under his instruc- 
tion learned the trade of brick-making. He 
displayed such efliciency and true worthine.ss 



that at the age of seventeen years ho was 
made foreman of the business and had super- 
vision over a number of employes. He always 
believed if anything was worth doing at all it 
was worth doing well, and he was very thor- 
ough in anything that he undertook, forming 
his plans carefully and executing them with 
dispatch and decision. He engaged in the brick 
manufacturing business for a number of years, 
his last connection with that line being at 
Centralia, Hi. 

During the period of the Civil war Mr. 
Churchill ofl'ered his services to the Govern- 
ment in 3S(15, enlisting as a member of Com- 
pany K, One Hundred and Fifty-third Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, with v^hich he served until 
the close of the war, principally in Tennessee, 
and was mustered out of the service with a 
clear record, September 25, 1S05. He afterward 
purchased proijerty In Woodstock, where he 
conducted a livery stable for a few years, and 
while thus engaged made the purchase and 
sale of horses a feature of his business, having 
always been Interested in animals. In 1ST3 
he came to Chicago, establishing himself at 
the corner of Halsted street and Milwaukee 
avenue, in the undertaking and livery business, 
which he conducted in connection with a part- 
ner for several years. In 1SS4 the partnership 
was dissolved and Mr. Churchill erected a place 
of business at what is now Nos. 512 and 51-1 
North Green street, carrying on the business 
at that place until he sold out and retired, 
about fourteen years prior to bis death. He 
became one of the best known men in his spe- 
cial line in the city, and always conducted 
his affairs in a reliable manner. By reason 
of his thrift and capable management he was 
enabled to invest from time to time in real 
estate, and had accumulated considerable prop- 
erty, owning at the time of his death twenty 
houses and lots, which, according to his plans, 
were given to his nephews and nieces. 

On July 4, lS0i2, Mr. Churchill was married 
to Mrs. Mahala (Clark) Stevens, a native of 
Yates County, Ts''. Y., and a daughter of Elijah 
M. and Amaretta (Sutfin) Clark, who became 
residents of Kane County, 111., in 1S44, settling 
near Elgin. Later they moved to that city 
and there their last days were spent. Mr. 
and Mrs. Churchill had no children. Mrs. 
Churchill maintains a pleasant home at Xo. 32 
South Sacramento Boulevard, Chicago, and 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



owns consitleralile propertj- in the lilueU, is well 
known in social circles of the West Side, and 
talies an active and helpful part in social and 
charitable work. Although now in her seventy- 
sixth year, she retains full possession of her 
mental and physical ahilities, and in addition 
to her social graces is recognized as a business 
woman of far more than ordinary ahilit.v. 

Mr. Churchill was a prominent Mason, at- 
taining to the Knij-'ht Templar degree in the 
York Rite and also becoming a member of 
Medinah Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He like- 
wise held nieniliership in the Knights of Vy- 
thias and the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and both he and his wife were life mem- 



bers of Lady WasliiuL-tuu Chapter of the East- 
ern Star, >-<j. lis. He maintained jileasaut 
relations with his ohl army comrades through 
his membership in the Grand Army of the 
liepublic. His friends in the Seventeenth 
Wiird, apprrcialive of his worth and ability, 
many times urged him to become a candidate 
fi>r alderman, but he always declined the prof- 
fered hipiicir. preferring to devote his time en- 
tirely tr, hi-; business. Ills death, which oc- 
curred I'.'bruary L"-, 1910, removed from Chi- 
cago a business man who had Iieen- true to every 
obligation, and who left behind him a record 
f.>r publie-s;,irited citizenship, moral probity 
and loyalty lo friendsliips. 



JOHN S. AVOLFE. 



High on the roster of Champaign County's 
most distinguished citizens appears the name 
of Col. John S. Wolfe, for years one of the 
mo.st brilliant and astute attorneys practicing 
before the Champaign bar, an orator whoso tal- 
ents had gained for him state-wide reputation, 
and a man who was universally respected and 
beloved. A resident of the city for more than 
half a century, his personality was indelibly 
Impressed upon the home of his adoption, and 
his loss created a vacancy which would be far 
from easy to fill. 

Colonel Wolfe was born in Morgan County, 
111., S<^pteniber 21, 1S33, and was a son of 
George and Mary (Simms) Wolfe, natives, re- 
spectively, of Greenbrier County, Virginia, and 
Spartansburg, S. C. He was of UevoUitionary 
stock, his grandfather, Henry Wolfe, having 
served in the war for American independence. 
The family moved in 1S,39 to Macouiiin County, 
HI., where Jolin S. Wolfe grew to manhood on 
a farm, remaining with his parents until he 
was twenty-two years of age. His early edu- 
cation was secured in the log sclioolhouse with 
liis desk consisting of a slab of wood, in the vi- 
cinity of his home, and even then he began 
to lay plans to enter upon a professional career. 
With this end in view, he patiently spent two 
years in breaking the prairie « ith a team of 
oxen, thus securing the necessary funds with 
which to accomplish his ambition. In lSo7 he 
entered the law office of John M. Palmer (who 
later became governor of Illinois), at Carlin- 
ville, and two years later the young man was 
admitted to the bar, succeeding which he en- 
tered into a professional partnership with Col. 
J. W. Langley, who had heen admitted to the 



bar the same year and at the same time. One 
year la(er tliey removed to Champaign, and. 
witli the excejition of the time that he spent 
in tile Ci\il war, and from lSr4 until 1S07, when 
he was living in Chicago, this city continued 
to be ColoneF Wolfe's home until his death. 

On May ir>, is;r,2. Colonel Wolfe was married 
to Miss Celestia A. Young, of Ix)rain Count.v, 
Ohio. Although Colonel Wolfe had no chil- 
dren, his home life was beautiful, and the half 
ci-ntury that marked the period of his married 
life was one of extreme happiness: He was a 
consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and his fraternal connection was with 
Western Star Lodge, Xo. 240, A. F. & A. M., and 
Champaign Conimandery, No. 68, K. T. A local 
newspaper, in a brief review of his career at 
the time of his death, .said, in part: "His ca- 
reer as a lawyer was marked by a high sense 
of personal honor and a love of fair pla.v. He 
was a successful practitioner, although it was 
a matter often commented upon that he would 
not lake a false or compromising position in 
the hope of aiding a client. For thirty years 
he was local attorney for the Illinois Centra! 
K.iilniad Company, and he was still senior local 
altorney at the time of his death. It was as an 
orator and lawyer that he and Mrs. Wolfe de- 
sired tli.it his career should he made. If he 
li;id OIK' wish greater than another, it was to be 
a sueeess Jit the bar. He loved his work as 
a lawyer and threw his whole soul into it." 

Colonel Wolfe won his title on Southern bat- 
tlefields, anil his military record has ever been 
a source of great priile to the people of Cham- 
paign, although his modesty forbade him to 
often speak of the part he took in upholding 



984 



HISTORICAL EXCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLlIsOIS. 



the I'nioii. It luis been stilted that he was Iho 
tirst uiau iu Chaiupaigu to enlist in tlie volun- 
teer service. W'heu the tirsl eall eaiue lur vol- 
unteers, a mass meeting was held in a hall in 
the city, anil Colonel Wolfe, even then a s'ViiUer 
of proniinonee, eiuonragcU tlie men to enlist in 
the defense of tlie flas, writins his own name 
at the head of the list of volunteers. The com- 
pany was suhseriuently formed and Celonc! 
Wolfe made its captain. It was attached to the 
Twentieth regiment, which had a ions and 
valiant service. Colonel Wolfe, however, after 
the comi)any had been out a year, came hor.ie 
on a leave of ahsence, hut suhscquently re- 
enlisted and was elected colonel of the One 
Hundred and Thirty-fifth Illinois \"olunteei- In- 
fantry. Mn.stered in at Mattoon, this rejiiment 
served about six months, its operations heiag 
confined to the state of Missouri, suppress- 
ing so-called "non-combatants." Colonel Wolfe 
never desired political hi.nors, and freiiueidly 
declined offers for such positions. In 1875 or 
1S76, when his partner. Colonel F.angley. became 
county judfre, Colonel Wolfe associated himself 
with Manford Savage, but tliis partnership was 
di.ssolved a few years later. On .Tanuary 1, 
1902, the law partnership of Wolfe & JIulIiken 
was formed, with A. D. MulliUcn as the junior 
partner, and this connection was severed only 
by the death of Colonel Wolfe, which occurred 
on Thursday, June 23, lOOl. On the following 
Sunday he was laid at rest in Mount Hope, 
being buried by his Masonic brethren. The 
funeral was one of the largest the city has 
known, and the numerous artistic and l^eautiful 
floral offerings testified to tlie love and venera- 
tion in which was held this man "who knew no 
race nor creed, who had naught but friend." 
That the death of Colonel Wolfe was consid- 
ered a loss to the city of his adoption may be 
gathered from an editorial in one of the local 
newspapers, which said, in part, as follows: 

"In sorrowful performance of sad duty, we 
come now to put on paper a respectful word of 
remembrance in regard to a noble soul whose 
life was open l)efore tliis community for more 
than a generation. ,\n eloquent pen mi-ht 



titly engUo'c itself with the virtues and beautiful 
traits o.' John S. WoU'e. Iu whatever aspect we 
consider hiui he uas a man of extraordinary 
qualities. As Thoma.s Carlyle says of John 
Sterling, 'he was a man of infinite susceptivity, 
who caught everywhere, more than" others, the 
cnlor of the element be lived in, the infection 
of 4\11 that was or appc'ired honorable, beautiful 
or manful in the tendencies of his time.' His 
disposiiiOii was so sweet, his soul so poetic, 
that it is di.'Iicult co m.eak adeiiuately of him 
to tho.se whvi did not know him intimately. Yet 
no DM!i was easier to know. His heart opened 
intuilivf'lj to every human being who had a 
\vord to say in sincerity and truth. To all such 
he was a wise counsello.- and friend. He did 
not cover himself from his friends by a shrewd 
reserve, but took them into his heart and showed 
them the most sacred things it contained. To be 
oi' terms of intinuicy with him was to be in- 
spired with everything pure, beautiful and 
maniy. He was incapable of meanness. Though 
most of his adult years had i>eeu devoted to 
the law, he was especially a lover of pure liter- 
ature and discussed it with rare intelligence. 
Even in the literature of the law he found great 
bea'jty, and the slow and hard processes by 
which the rights of men have been brought to 
a system, of reasonable and rational adjustment 
appealed to him as one of the marvelous achieve- 
ments of the ages. It is good for any people to 
liave known such a man, 'a brilliant human 
presence, distinguishable, honorable and lovable 
amid the dim populations.' May heaven give 
great peace to this noble soul that never will- 
ingly broke peace on earth." 

By the Champaign board of education one of 
the pulilic schools of the city has been given 
the name of the "Colonel Wolfe" school. Mrs. 
Wolfe is about to erect a parish house for the 
Methodist church of Cham]>aign, to ad.1oin the 
present cliurch edifice. It will be known as 
"The Celestia Wolfe Jlemorial." In expressing 
sincere appreciation of the gift, the church has 
said the parish house will be "to us a blessing, 
and to all ages a voice that will speak of a 
faithful woman's love for the church." 



HAT?KY L. JONES. 



The character of tlie men of a coinmunity 
may be correctly gauged liy tlie standing of its 
business houses whose growth has been stimu- 
lated by intelligent and progressive methods, 
or held back for lack of proper development. 



Xo town or city can reach its highest standard 
unless its men in all lines co-operate to give 
an honest service for value received. Such 
men can be counted upon to promulgate and 
support worthy mea.sures looking towards se- 






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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



985 



curing for tlit'ir coninuinity solid liuprovonunits, 
uiul the bringing into it sound Imsint'ss Ikjuscs 
tliat will add to its prosperity. Xlieso oifu ore 
to be found actively engaged in eliurcli labors; 
tbey give a si'lidity to coninioreial organizations, 
and wlieu tlie nee<l arises, coutribute liberally 
towards charities, lu their home relations theso 
uieu sustain the liighest of characters, and be- 
cau>e they reingnize the value of careful edu- 
cational training for the young, provide excel- 
lent M-hools. Judging from all these stand- 
ard.--, \-.n]s. III., is and has been the tioine of 
lii.inv ^u^ h men from its organiaition, and ti<. 
one lias ever stood higher iu de.-ervcd pubUc 
approval than the late Harry L. Jones, xvhose 
a»oclatiiin with tlie mercantile trade of his 
(dunty, bruii,-ht him into intimate relations 
Willi the peiiple of I'aris and contiguous terri- 
tory. 

Harry h. Jones was born at Paris. 111., Janu- 
ary L".i, \sa), and died at Chicago, May 20, 1913, 
when aged forty-four years three months and 
twenty-two days. He was a son of J. C. and 
Mary L. Jones, the former tiaving been one of 
the iiiiuieer dry gof«ds merchants of Paris, and 
;, man of sti'rling traits of character. Harry 
}.. Jones was educated in the public schools of 
Ills native place, leaving the high school while 
In Ills Junior year to become a commercial trav- 
eler fur Mills k\: Gibbs, wbolejale dry goo<is 
m.-r. hauls .if Indianapolis, lud. During the 
Iwii years he remained with this concern, Mr. 
.b'M-s acipiircd a sound knowledge of the dry 
gMiMls bu-ine~s, and only left it to become a 
I'arlner in his father's business, under the title 
of J. c. Jones & .Son. Although then but twenty- 
one years old, the young man displayed such 
caiiabilitics, that his father placed him in 
charge of affairs, and upon the latter's death, 
the junior partner took over the business which 
lie successfully operated until his own demise. 
When he became sole projjrietor, he removed 
the business to larger and more advantageous 
quarters, and expanded it until it became the 



leading dry gooiU establishment in the county. 
A far sighted man, Mr Jones bought carefully 
and advisf-dly, and was able to ofl'er his cus- 
tomers goods of supori'ir quaUty at reasonable 
prices, while his methods and service were of 
such a character ,is to commend him and his 
house to the consideration of all. The watch- 
word of Ml-. Jot'es" operations was efficiency, 
and lie took pride Iti reuderiiig a service that 
was iiS nearly perfect as it was possible to 
mako it. While a successful man himself, Mr. 
Jone.i' ear was i;e\er deaf to the apiK-al of those 
less i'ortiiiiaie, and he gave geiier>nisly, not only 
of bis u;er.!;s bvit liis inlluence as well. For 
many years Mr. .lo.ies was a potent factor iu 
the Chrlstiaii church at Paris, and its succes- 
sive pastors had no hesiUmcy in calling upon 
Mr. Jones for aid In forwarding the work of 
the organizatioii of which he was so consistent 
a u^ember. lie belonged to the local order of 
Elks and was held in the highest esteem by his 
fellovv member.-. Iu audition to his other 
interests, Mr. Junes was a director of the Edgar 
County Xational P^mk, and his onnection with 
that institution gave it added solidity. 

On Xovember 1.1, IVKl, J[r. Jones was united 
iu marriage with Mi.ss .Vnna Augustus, a daugh- 
ter of .Mr. and -Mrs. Henry Augustus, the former 
of whom is now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Jones 
became the parents of one sou, Henry A., who, 
with his mother, survives. Mr. Jones Is also 
Survived by his mother, Mrs. -Mary L. Jones, of 
Paris, 111., and by a sister, Mrs. Nettie Klum, 
of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Although a sull'crer for some live years prior 
to his demise Mr. Jones did not relinquish his 
grasp on affairs until it was absolutely neces- 
sary, and never lost his interest in public mat- 
ters. Possessed of a broad mind, a keen busi- 
ness sense, and a thorough realization of the 
possibilities of his business and community, 
ilr. Jones de^clnpoil into one of the leading com- 
mercial factors of lOdgar County, and the in- 
tlueuce of hi^ aci-oniplishments will long endure. 



OTTO L. SCHMIDT. 



One of the men who has made a name for 
himself among the successful practitioners of 
Chicago is Dr. Otto L. Schmidt, with offices at 
No. South Wabash avenue. Dr. Schmidt was 
liorn at Chicago in 1S03, a sou of Ernst and 
Theresa Schmidt, natives of Germany, who 
came to Chicago in ISoT when it was still a 
conijiaratively small city. Pr. Schmidt grew 



up witliiu it.s coiilines and when old enough at- 
tended the New Haven school and later the 
Central high school, at that time located on 
West -Moiirtp-j street, and had the distinction 
of being graduated therefrom iu the class of 
1.<M). the last to bo sent forth from that iusti- 
tntirin. Having dccideil to cuter the me<lical 
profession, Dr. Schmidt matriculated at the 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



ChiciifTo Medical Collogu, which later hecaiue 
the medical deijartuient of the Xoith\ve;^tci-u 
University, and was graduated thereifroiii in 
]SS3. For the following two years he was in- 
terne at the Cook County Inlirniary and the 
Alexian Brothers' Ilospitiil. both of Chicago. 
To still further pursue his studies, he v.-ent 
abroad and took a post-irraduate course at 
AVurzliurg, Germany, and Vienna, Austria. Ke- 
turning to Chicago, Dr. Schmidt entered up;>u 
a general practice. At present he is a physician 
to the Alexian Brothers' Hospital and consult- 
ing jihysician to the Michael Reese and Ger- 
man Hospitals. For many years he has been 
connected with the Chicago Pol.vclinic as pro- 
fessor of internal medicine, and is a recognized 
authority upon many sulijeets. Professionally 
he belongs to the Chicago Medical Society, the 



Chicago .Vciidemy of Medicine, the American 
MediL-al AssoL-iation and the Chicago Society of 
Medical History, He is also active along other 
lines, belonging to many social and charitable 
organizations, is president of the Hlinois His- 
torical Society, r^ vice-piesMeut of the Chicago 
Historical SfK-iety, a trustee of the Illinois State 
Historical Librar,.-, president of the Gennan- 
-Vuierieau Historical Society of Illinois, and a 
niomlitr of the Illinois Centennial Commission. 
Sociar.y he belongs to the Chicago Athletic Club, 
the South Shore Country Club, and the Germa- 
nia Macr.r.er-Chor. 

In lS:ii Or. Si.hmidt was united in marriage 
with Miss Ennn.i Seipri. t. daughter of Conrad 
and Catherine (Orb;i Soipp, and they have had 
three children: Krnest C., Alma C, and C. 
Te>sa. 



SEXECA D. KIMBARK. 



It is scarcely possililo to mention (he Lard- 
ware trade of the past or present in Chicago 
without recalling the name of Seneca D. Kim- 
hark, so important was he for years in the 
development of the iron and steel industries and 
in tbe e.stabli.shing of manufacturing concerns 
which continue to expand their already vast 
volume of business. Fc>r sixty years he was an 
honored resident of Chicago, beginning and end- 
ing his business life here, although his business 
judgment and practical knowledge were useful 
to the whole countr.v. Seneca D. Kimbark was 
born JIarch 4, IS.'Ji, at Venice, in Cayuga 
County, X. Y., later accompauying his parents 
to Livingston County, where his father carried 
on farming. He attended the district schools, 
also academies at Gencseo and Canandaigua, in 
this way preparing him.self for teaching school 
during the winter season, his summers being 
occupied with farm work. However, neither 
farming nor teaching filled the nieas\ire of his 
ambition, and as the home neigliliorlKMid offered 
no other path in which he could rcmli a wider 
field, in 1W2 he came to Chii a^'n and in the 
following year was engaged by the irim tlrm of 
E. G. Hall and Compan.v. shortly afterward bo- 
coming the junior partner in this firm. In l^i;0 
the firm became Hall. Kindiark & Co.. which 
changed in 1ST3 to Kimbark Brothers .V; Co.. and 
in 1S70 Seneca T). Kimbark became sc.le pro- 
prietor. The firm had jiassed through the heavy 
losses entaileil liy the great conflagration of 
1S71, in which Mr. Kimliark's pergonal losses 
were also severe, taxing his energy and busi- 



ness sagacity to the farthest limit to keep from 
going down with the heavy tide. Few did more 
to help hx rescuiug the city from the dangers 
and difficulties which confronted it even while 
his own business life was in a precarious con- 
dition. 

Mr. Kimbark's early political affiliations were 
»Tith the Democratic party, but his views 
changed as public measures of national impor- 
tance were promulgated and when the Repub- 
lican party was organised he identified himself 
with it and so continued. At the outbreak of 
the Civil war he early defined his own posi- 
tion and was an unswerving supporter of the 
Government. Several of the" younger members 
of the erm of Hail & Kimbark eidisted and Mr. 
Kimbark contributed largely to the financing of 
the company known as the Kimbark Guards, 
and, with the other members of the firm, con- 
tributed generou.sly to the war funds. He 
never accepted public office because of his high 
ideals of the responsibilities connected with the 
same, init gave loyal support to those in whose 
judgment and integrity he could place confi- 
dence. Among his business associates as in the 
comnuinity at large, he was noted for his busi- 
ness honor. His sympathies were keen and 
broad, lionce he was ready to cooperate with 
his fellow citizens in schemes to advance the 
general welfare aiid was ready to further move- 
ments to ameliorate the condition of his fellow 
men and to assist in times of national disaster. 
He was proud of his city and carefully, as far 
as able, guarded her interests. In lSi;;i, when 



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J 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



987 



tlie South IMrk sy.<t<'iii was iimlor consitkTa- 
tion, Mr. Kiiiili;irU, witli CIkuimo.v T. Doweu and 
James II. Uucs, woro iipiHiintc-d three comuiis- 
sioners to lorate the same, and to their excel- 
k'lit (liscrimiiiatU'ii the city owes Washington 
and Jackson IMrks as tlie sites are today. In 
the controversy r.lalive to the ownership of the 
lake front. Mr. K'imliark always iijiposed any 
furtlier encroaclimfiit by iirivate interests. Mr. 
KImliark was an lionoretl member of the Union 
League Club almost from its organization; be- 
longed also to the Calumet Club and was a 
charter member of the 'Washington I'arU and 
Chicago clulhs. While identified as a member 
with no church body, he was liberal in his gifts 
to every denomination, his liroad sympathies 
enabling him to see pure Christianity as the 
groundwork for every belief. Tractical moral- 
ity was to liim more than technical differences 
and into his daily life he brought this principle. 
In l^r.O Mi. Kimbark was united in marriage 



with Miss Klizabvtli I'rnyne, a daUL-liter of Hon. 
I'eter and Itebecca .slierman Truyne. the former 
at one time a colleague of Hon. Stephen A. 
Douglas in the Illinois State Senate. After the 
death of Mr. I'ruyne, Mrs. I'niyne became the 
wife of Thomas Church, an early citizen of Chi- 
cago. Mrs. Kimbark has .-ihvays been noted for 
liersonal qualities which liave mailr lii'r admired 
as well as beloved. Two sons ami two daugh- 
ters were born to Mr. and Mrs. Kimliark, b<ith 
<jf the latter, Charles A. and Walter, having 
been associated in business with their father 
and displaying many of the qualities which 
made him a man of so mm h worth to his city. 
Walter Kimbark, the younger son, passed away 
in 1005. ilarie Kimbark, and I'hoebe Grace, 
now the wife of Frank J. Ilornell, of Chicago, 
were the daughters. Mr. Kind)ark retired from 
business in lllCH and died at Chicago, .Vugust 
13, 1912, at the age of eighty-one years. 



HARRY C. ROBERTS. 



No man Is placed at the head of any con- 
cern without having earned such a promotion. 
To successfully discharge the duties of an execu- 
tive r)Osition, whether it be that of some finan- 
cial institution, a manufacturing plant, or of 
a nation, requires certain traits of character, 
unusual capabilities and the power to sway 
others and direct their actions. Every man is 
not litted for such a task ; many are developed 
for such work through successive promotions, 
while others are liorn with the power to lead 
their associates. The executive of a financial 
Institution is confronted with many problems 
for not only nmst he be conservative in han- 
dling tlie funds of his depositors, but be must 
al.so have a keen insight into human nature, 
and the ability to judge wisely and rapidly with 
regard to the character of investments. Ills 
mind uuist bo capable of laying the plans for 
others to carry out, that will bring to his bank 
jirosperity and yet at the same time plac* and 
keep it in the ranks of the sound financial estab- 
lishments of the country. It is not only in 
the great centers of civilization that these 
capable, keen leaders of men are found. The 
sninller cities develop men of equal strength of 
character luul firmnf-ss of decision, and Prince- 
ton Is no exception to this rule, for in Harry 
C. rtobert.*, presidi'ut of the First National Hank 
of that city, llurenu County has one of the 
most reliable men of his class in the state. 



Mr. Roberts is a product of the Trairie State, 
having been born at Teru, LaSallo County, 111., 
November 0, ISul, and comes of the stock 
that has given the United States some of its 
most brilliant men, for his paternal grand- 
father, John Roberts, was born at Waterford, 
Ireland, where he became a successful lawyer. 
He had three brothers, Major-Ceiieral Abraham 
Roberts; Sir Samuel Roberts, who distinguishcxl 
himself as a captain in the Englisli navy; and 
General Tliom:is Roberts who was also con- 
nected with the Knglish .s<^rvice, as a general 
in its army. Abraham Roberts was the father 
of Lord Roberts, the distinguislu-d English gen- 
eral, familiarly known to all Uritish subjects 
as "Little Bobs," the hero of the wliole army. 
Abraham Roberts, father of Harry C. Roberts, 
was also born at Waterfowl, Iivland. but came 
to the United States in the early forties. A 
man of superior ability, he found action at 
Rittsburgh, Pa., Vicksburg, Miss., and St. fxiuis. 
Mo., but in none of these places did he meet 
with the conditions for which he was looking, 
and finally he seltUnl in Ibireau County, 111., 
and for a number of years was connected with 
the mercantile life of this section. His death 
oc(urred at Dover in ISGO, where he had spent 
his last years. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth bearing, came of German de- 
scent, but she was born in Pennsylvania, and 
was lirought to P.ureau County, III., when a 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



dilld, her family lieiug among the pioneer ones 
of this couuty, where members of It took an 
Important ixirt In the making of its history. 
Martin Zearing came to Bureau Couuty as early 
as 1S33, but did not bring his family until ISilO, 
the journey being made in the old and tire- 
some way on a tlatboat down the Ohio lUver 
and up the Mississippi Taver to Hennepin, 
from wlieuce the trip was finished by teams and 
■wagons to Bureau County. The government 
tract of laud entered to Martin Zearing, is 
still owned by members of his family. From 
the foregoing it can be easily seen that Mr. 
Koberts comes of distinguished ancestry on 
both sides of his family, and his history shows 
that he has lived up to the traditions of his 
forebears. 

Harry C. Koberts attended the public schools 
•of his neighborhood, and Dover Academy and 
learned much from observation and reading. 
In 1.SG9, he came to Princeton and until ISTl, 
found congenial employment in the book store 
of R. B. Foster, but in that year, seeking a 
change, went to Ackley, Iowa, wliere he spent 
a fruitful six months as a clerk and book- 
kccrier in a private bank. Returning on May 
27, 1ST2, to Princeton, he entered the First Na- 
tional Bank, as clerk and bookkeeper, and 
thus began the career for which he was so 
■eminently fitted. His ability was recognized 
from the start, and he rose, becoming assistant 
cashier on August 26, 1S75 ; cashier on Janu- 
ary 9, 1877, and on August 11, 1911, was raised 
to the executive chair. Since Octolier 2, 1SS2, 



Mr. Roberts has been on the directorate of the 
. bank, and has been instrumental from that 
date in shaping the policy of his institution. A 
natural leader of men, Mr. Roberts has worked, 
hard to secure excellent educational privileges 
for the children of I'riuceton, diri>cting many of 
his efforts as a member of the school board. 

On May IG, 1.N7S, Mr. Roberts was married 
to Emma K. Steckel, a daughter of .Solomon 
and Emeline (Heinley) Steckel, natives of 
I'ennsylvania. Mrs. Roberts was born in New 
York City, September 13, 1852. Mr. and Mrs. 
Roberts became the parents of the following 
(hildren: Beulah, who was born June ?i<3, 
1SS"», died August S, ISSS ; Helen M., who was 
born June 20, 1SS9, married William R. Babb of 
Chillic-othe, 111., and has a sou, — William 
IJoberts; Grace F.., who was born February 3, 
1S'J2; and Ituth 11., who was born Jauuarj- 3, 
ISW. Mr. Koberts belongs to Princeton Lodge 
No. 5S7, A. F. & A. M. ; I'riuceton Chapter No. 
2S, R. A. M. ; and Temple Comniaudery No. 20, 
K. T. A man of broad sympathies, keen in- 
sight and public spirit, Mr. Roberts is a power- 
ful factor in the progressive movements of his 
community, and has won a recognized position 
among the really big men of his part of the 
state. Mr. Roberts lias been very active in 
the First M. E. Church and has been an offi- 
cial in the church practically from the time he 
became a inenibor. His family are also mem- 
bers of this church. 

Mr. Roberts has always been a Republican, 
but never in the sense of an otlice .seeker. 



HENRY SCIIOELLKOPF 



It would be difficult to properly and .justly 
review the history of Chicago and its responsilile 
men through whose activities and public-spir- 
ited endeavors this metropolis has attained its 
present superiority, without giving due atten- 
tion to the life of Henry Sclioellkopf, who lor 
sixt.v-three years was a resident liere, and dur- 
ing that period prominently identilied himself 
with the. city's progress. He was born at Goep- 
pingen, Germany, April 23, 1S2G, a son of Henry 
and Susan Sclioellkopf, most excellent peoiile 
who early tauirlit him habits of self-reliance and 
frugality which were to prove so useful in after 
life. 

The educational advantages of Henry Sclioell- 
kopf were obtained in the excellent private 
schools of his n.itive land and he was well 
grounded in the e^sential priucirles. Even be- 



fore he had attained his majority, he had begun 
supporting himself, but soon reali/.ed that in 
his own country there were few opportunities 
offered to an ambitious youug man eompareil to 
those atforded in the United States. Accord- 
ingly he sailed for the latter country in ISIS. 
After his arrival, he spent some time at Buf- 
falo. N. Y., where his abilities enabled him to 
cflieiently fill the position of bookkeeper in one 
of the savings banks of that rity. What was 
then the West beckoned him, Iiowcvlm-, and in 
ISril. he came to Chicago, establishing himself 
in a grocery busine.ss at the corner of what is 
now Fifth Avenue, but was then Wells Street, 
and Washington Street, and the house he then 
founded, in a small way, has been developed 
until it is one of the best known and most relia- 
ble in the wholesale and retail grocery trade in 



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HISTOraCAL EXCYCT-OrEDJA CP ILLINOIS. 



989 



Chlca^'o. For iimro tlmn liMlf a contiiry, he 
has been lociiteil at what is now Xo. 311 A\ est 
Randolph Stii'cf. The growth of his business 
has kept pace with that of tlie city, and it is 
worthy the metropolis in which it is sifjated. 
Many of the orisi""! custonit-rs are still re- 
tained, and there is no otlier establishment ia 
the trade that >tands any hij:her in public con- 
fidence. Tlie ncanairenient is broad in character 
and pro^'re>sivi- in spirit, and new nieth(.ds are 
bein^' constantly adopted, but not until they have 
been thornii-ldy testeil. 

Mr. .-^.t llUopf was married at .VUron, Ohio, 

in ISiU, to Miss Emma Kochler, the chiut'liter 
of Dr. Kobert Koehler, a well-known Reformed 
Kvanijelical clergyman, who served the Union 
Army as chaplain in the Civil war, and they be- 
came the parents of five children, namely: 
Henry .Tr., Emma, Jliunie, Ida and Edward. 
Mrs. Sclioellkopf died Jlay 14, lftO.3, after a 
happy niariied life of forty years. She ^as a 
lady of many admirable traits of character, 
and was beloved by all who knew her. She al- 



ways enjoyed to the fullest measure her 
hn.sband's con.ndeiKe. .Vlthouuli (luiet and unos- 
tentatious in manner, Mr. .Sciioellkopf has many 
warm frietids. «nd those who know him best 
rc-eognize in bin; a man of earnest purpose not 
easily swaye.i by passing events. In his busi- 
ness relations, he ranks with the best men of 
the city, for he is honorable, jirompt and true 
to every oblii;atiiir>, and his humane sympathy 
.led broad charities have brouglit him into con- 
tact ■;\itn humanity and gained him the warm 
fn'eadship of many. To have lived as he, gain- 
ing confidence .and re.spe<-'t, and forging to a 
foremost \>\-we aniong the sterling men of his 
city, means niuch. c-'ipecially in these days of 
constant comi'etition and la.xity in fuUilling 
moral obligations on the part of some. His 
riches are not all entered upon his account 
boolvs, for nnuh of his wealth is garnered in 
the hearts of those to whom he has been a true 
friend, a wise adviser, and at all times a strong 
infiiience towards clean living and civic patri- 
otism. 



INGALLS CARLETOX. 



Whether owing to climatic conditions or plan- 
etary intlnences, it seems strangely apparent 
that men of especial prominence and greatness 
were born in that decade of the past century 
whicli gave to the world this notable pioneer, 
the late Hon. Tngalls Carleton. In the long 
line of distinguished men whose life and work 
have contributed towards the upbuilding and 
maintenance of the Couunonwealth of Illinois, 
no one stands more truly for solid worth and 
dignilied caiiability than he. He was the eldest 
son and second child of the late Jeremiah Carle- 
ton, of Harre, Vermont, and his wife, Betsey 
Robey Carleton, of Dunstable, New Hampshire. 
The other children were as follows: Betsey 
Marcus, Charlotte and .'^ilas. Ingalls Carleton 
was born in Marshfield, Vt., March SO, 1S.24, 
of English descent, and was a representative 
of tlie twi>nty-si-xth generation from the noted 
r.aldwin De Carleton, ^vho lived in England 
In the year IflGC, and whose descendants occu- 
pied Carleton Hall for COO years. Later, other 
descendants of prominence appeared, among 
whom were Sir Dudley Carleton. a statesman, 
who was created A'iscount Dorchester by 
Charles I, and died in ICjI, and Sir Guy Carle- 
ton, first Governor General of Canada, and the 
first Lord Dorchester. 

Among the Carleton family of this country 



sire found farmers, soldiers, ministers and men 
of letters. Ingalls Carleton's son, Leonard 
Ingalls, represents the twenty-seventh, and his 
grandson, Robey Freeman Carleton, the twenty- 
eighth generation. Mr. Carleton was entitled 
to, and his sou naturally succeeded to the title 
and the family coat of arms of Oxfordshire, 
London and Surrey, the motto of which is, "Xon 
ad Pernlciem.'' 

Ingalls Carleton was educated in the public- 
schools of his native town, and when young 
taught three winter terms of school. He rep- 
resented his district in the Vermont legislature- 
in IS.'w. In ISotJ he came to Eockford, but 
soon returned to his Vermont home, where he 
was re-elected to the legislature. In ISoT he 
again came west and located in Rockton, where 
he formed a co-partnership with the late George 
IL Hollister, and built a large flouring mill and 
elevator, and engaged in the milling and grain 
business, .^fter a successful ten years' busi- 
ness the firm sold its milling interests. Mr.. 
Carleton removed to Rockford, where he re- 
sided until his death in lOOS. The family resi- 
dence on East State street is one of the most 
beautiful homes in the city, and has been oceu- 
|iied by the family since 1^77. Here Mrs. Carle- 
ton resides. 

Not nidy did Mr. Carleton hear the great 



990 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



Lincolu-lioiiylas duljute in FivL-port in I'^.OS, 
liiit Uo attended tbc reuiiiou ct'lebratiou lifty 
years later. In iiolitits he was au caruest Ke- 
imlilifaii. He always took a deep interest iu 
IHiblii- allairs aud by his generusity aided in the 
development and substantial srowtli of tbe 
citj-. 

lie was married at Itoekton in liSU'J to Miss 
Amy Lawrence, a dangbter of Luther aud 
Adelia (Loonier) Lawrence, of Rockton, 111. 
Mrs. Carleton's father traces his ancestors to 
Sir Itobert Lawrence of Ashton Hall, England, 
who was knighted in the year lliiO. Among his 
descendants have been many people of promi- 
nence and worth. Conspicuous in this country 
were Amos and Abbott Lawrence, of Grot on, 
JIass., the original home of John Lawrence, of 
Suffolk, England, who settled there in ICS.j. 
Atr. and Mrs. Carleton had one son, L<'onard 
Ingalls, who was born at Rockton. He is a 
man of tine character and is a true scioti of the 
ancient gentle family of Carletons. Ilis wife is 
Alice (Freeman) Carleton, a daughter of tbe 
late William Edward and Sarah (Hill) Free- 
man, of Cheltouham, England. In life Mr. 
Freeman was one of Kockford's oldest ami best 



known business men. Four children have been 
LKjru to Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Ingalls Carle- 
ton, as follows: Leonard Ingalls, Jr., who died 
January i'O, 1U02, aged two years ; Robey Free- 
man, born August 2S, lOUl' ; Leon Lawrence, 
born July 0, 1!X)4 ; and Alice Elizabeth, bum 
January 5, 1007. 

Ingalls Carleton was a broad-minded man, 
energetic and honorable, whose word carried 
weight. A leader of men, he understixjd human 
nature, and knew how to sway those about 
him, aud, fortunately for them and for his 
comnuiuity, bis intluence always tended toward 
moral ui)lift and the betterment of existing con- 
ditions. Ilis business operations, directed hy 
his able and ripe judgment, netted him a hand- 
some fortune, and proved the truth of his claim 
that a man could be thoroughly honorable in 
his dealings, and yet accumulate considembie 
property, provided be be willing to e.vert him- 
self and act according to his conscience. Mr. 
Carleton has pa.sseJ from this life, but his in- 
fluence rcui.-iins, and its effects will long be felt 
in the community where he was so [wtent a 
factor for good. 



JESSIE PALMIER AVEBER. 



Mrs. Jessie Palmer Weber, librarian and 
editor, was born at Carlin\ille, 111., and is a 
daughter of the late Gen. John .M. and Malinda 
A. (Neely) Rainier. She was educ-ated in the 
public schools of Springfield ami by private 
tutors; and was graduated at the Eettie Stuart 
Institute, Springfield, 111., under the principal- 
ship of Mrs. M. McKee Homes, a noted teacher. 
Her home has always been at Springlield. She 
was married in ISSl to Xorval W. Weber, now- 
deceased, the youngest son of George R. Welier, 
for many years editor of the Illinois State 
Register. She has one daughter, Malinda, who 
is the wife of Dr. J. W. Irion, a prominent phy- 
sician of Fort Worth, Te.x. 

From ISOl to IsOT, Mrs. Weber was s,.,-i-rtary 
for her father. Gen. John M. rainier, during his 
term in the I'nited States Senate, ami was a 
clerk for the senate committee on ^eIlsi■lll^, of 
which (Jeneral I'almer was ch:iirmaii, l^'.i:; IMiT. 
On January 1, ISOS, she became librarian of the 
Illinois State Historical Library, which po-;ition 
she now occuiiies. She was one of the founders 
of the Illinois State Historical Society. l.sOt), 
and has been a meml)er of the board of directors 
of tbe society since 1CM>1. At the annual meeting 



held ill r.Ii>omington, in January, 1904, . Mrs. 
Weber was elected .secretary of the society, and 
has been reelected every year since that time. 
In April, lUO^. the Quarterly Journal of the 
Illinois State Historical Society was founded 
and Mrs. Weber became editor-in-chief, and as- 
sisted by a board of associate editors has con- 
tinued to edit the magazine from its foundation. 
She is also the editor of the .Vimual Transactions 
of the Historical Society. In 1!)03, through tbe 
efforts of the Illinois Daughters of the American 
Revolution, tbe situ of old Fort Massac, near 
Metro|Kilis, 111., was purchased by the state of 
Illinois, and this historic site became a state 
park. Mrs. Weber has been a member of the 
board of trustees of Fort Massac Park since 
Rinl. ami ever since has been secretary of tbe 
lioard. 

The F.M-t.v-eighth General Assembly of Illinois 
created a commission to prepare for the celebra- 
tion in lOlS, of the centennial of the admission 
of Illinois into the Federal Union. .Mrs. Weber 
was, by the resolution creating the commission, 
eousistiiig of fifteen commissioners, made a 
member of the Ceutenuial Commission aud uiion 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



991 



the oi-yanizutiuu uf the couimissiuri she was 
elettoil secretary of tliis body. 

Mrs. Weber was secretary of n State Coiu- 
iiiissioii which liad cliarge of the erection of the 
iiiouuimiit lu 1012, at Kclwards\ ille, III., to 
Governor Xiniaii Edwards and the pioneers of 
Madisou County. Slie had charirc of exhiliits 
of Illinois state historical material and I.in- 
colniana, at the e.\i>ositiou held at St. Louis, 
I'JOl; I'ortland, Ore., lOO.j ; Jamestown, Va., 
1007, and has charge of the same at the Panaum 
I'acitic Kxiiositiou in the current year (101.:.;. 



.She '.< a U)euiber of llie American Historical 
A,ssociution, the l)au^.hters of the American 
ICevoUitioii, the L'liited Dau:,'hters of 1S12, the 
Mississippi VaHey Historical Association, the 
Xational Association of State Librarians and the 
Illinois ,itate Library .Association. Mrs. Welier 
h;-s devoted herself to the work of the Illinois 
State Historical Society, and its growth into the 
lari:csC state l.'istorical society in the United 
.Staies, in iioii;c of numbers, has beeu in a ^'reat 
i')e:i-<'.ire d\io t.i l:cr e!i.M';.;y and industry in the 
mana^-emcni of its affairs. 



JA]\IES llOBINSON SCOTT. 



It has often beeu proved that what at the 
time seemed a calamity in the end was a oless- 
ing. Men whose entire plans have been over- 
tlirown by some accident have lived to reali/.e 
that this was the turning point in their career, 
and without pain and sufferiii,' attendant upon 
bodily allliction they would have never devel- 
oped Into what they later became. Such ivas 
the case with the lion. James Robinson Scott, 
uow deceased, who for many years was a lead- 
ii-'g and inllueutial factor in the progress of 
Champaign, 111., and its surrounding territory. 
Had his early plans been carried out It is 
doubtful if he would have come to Illinois or 
entered into the public life for which he was 
So cniincnily fitted, for he had dcnlicated him- 
telf to the ministry, but in the work he later 
entered upon he achieved more for humanity 
and brought to bear (he influence of a blame- 
less life upon many with whom he was asso- 
ciated in a business and political way. Mr. 
Scott was born in Shelby County, Ky., in 1S32, 
a sou of Archibald and Ann Ilobinson Scott. 
His parents recognized his unusual abilities 
and gave him an excellent education, he being 
graduated from the Center College at Danville, 
Ky., in 1S5.3. Following this for one year ho 
was a teacher, and then entered the theological 
seminar}' at I'riuceton, N. J., purposing to be- 
come a minister of the gospel. Within a. year, 
however, he suffered injury from a fall from 
his horse, and owing to his ill health was 
forced to leave college. Xot recovering as he 
had hoped, he acted upon the advice of h's 
physician and came to Illinois in ISoT to enter 
upon an outdoor life. In order to <lo this ho 
located on a farm three and one-half miles 
north of Chamiiaign, now known as the Scott 
homestead, avid from that time on made his in- 
fluence felt. .\ man of progressive ideas and 



well read upon luiiuj- suljjccts, he put his 
knowledge to practical purposes, developing his 
farm to ^ucll an extent that he became noted 
for his agricultural successes. He it was who 
laid the iirst drainage tile in the county, and 
owned the tirst self-binder, using wire for bind- 
ing purposes. These were but a few of the 
impr()\eiiiencs be tried out and placed the re- 
sults before his neighbors for their beuetit. 
F.'irly recogniy.ing the need for county exhibi- 
tions for the farmers, he advocated, them, ami 
gave his hearty suiiport to the work of holding 
tliem. In time his success as a farmer reached 
out beyond local confines, and he was made a 
memlier of the State lioard of Agriculture, serv- 
ing as its president ,from 1ST9 until 1SS3. It 
was while he was on this board that the first 
International Fat Stock Show was held at Chi- 
cago, and he was one of the most active factors 
in promoting it, and advocating a continuance 
of these exhibits, as he realized their worth 
and the benelit accruing to agriculturists the 
country over. Mr. Scott did not confine his 
activities to agricultural matters, for he was 
a man of sucli broad sympathies that he was 
able to grasp the needs of the people and work 
out a practical method of meeting them. Dur- 
ing iSOT and 1S08 he was Mayor of Chamiiaign, 
and while occuiiying the chair of the chief ex- 
ecutive of that city he inaugurated many im- 
provements, chief among them being the chang- 
ing of the course of the undesirable Silver 
Creek, knowu as the "boneyard," so that the 
old course could be filled and transformed into 
the present beautiful Green street. To carry 
out his Ideas of a city beautiful, he and his 
wife donated Ka.st Side I'ark to Champaigu, 
and both were active in many improvements 
looking towards the betterment of the people. 
In 1S72 Governor John L. Beveridge appointed 



992 



IIISTOKICAL EXCYCLOrEDtA OF ILLINOIS 



Mr. Scott a trustee of tlU' lUuiois i:uivtr,.;ity 
and lie lield that otlite uutil 1S77, lieiui,' on the 
executive conuuittee of that institutiou during 
the time the late Euiciy Cobb of Kankakee \Yas 
its cbairuiau. Acting iiiion liis ex[]irieuLi', Mr. 
Scott exerted liiiu^elf to secure the location ci 
the State University at I'rliana, and induced 
the Illinois Central Itailroad to contribute $00,- 
000 in freight service towards the university, 
which was a very valuable donation. Realising 
his strength of character and powerful iuilu- 
ence for gootl, Governor Joseph Fifer appointed 
him a member of the board of trustees of the 
State Reform School at I'ontiac. In addition 
to these responsibilities Mr. Scott found time 
to act as a member of the council of Champaign 
for ten years and was a member of the county 
boarid of supervisors from Ilenslery Township 
ifor some time. 

In ISCO Mr. Scott married Miss Lizzie Kiiig 
of Shelby County, Ky., and five of the children 
born of this union are now living, namely : Mrs. 
Anna A. Leonard of Twin Falls, Idalio; Jolin 



A.; Archibald U. ; Siewarc R,, and Vv'alter W., of 
Champaign. Mrs, Scott died ia 1ST5, and the 
following year the family moved to Champaign. 
On December ir>, liSl, Mr. Scott married (sec- 
ond) Miss lA)n Kmma Kiiis, and their children 
were : James K. Scott, Jr., who is a civil en- 
gineer; and Mis^: Juliet A., v,ho is residing at 
home. Xot only was .^Ir. Scott a member of the 
Presbyterian church, but. lie held official connec- 
tions wit'i it us well, ;■;>;! alwuys was a liberal 
supporter of its work. His on;y fraternal con- 
nection was wUh his colle.2re order of Beta 
Theui Fi. .^fter a long and useful life, filled 
w.Uh good deeds s.nd thought for others, Mr. 
Scutt pas.sed away on November 23, 1910, at 
Ills home on South State street, Chamijaign, 
and Lis loss was sincerely mourned by thou- 
sands, for he was one who made and retained 
friends, and received a cordial recognition of 
his public spiritC'd efforts from all who were 
brought into cont.-.ct witli him during his period 
of service to the people. 



WILLIAM WORTH ]HURSON. 



Williain Worth Burson was the inventor, 
manufacturer and salesman of what was 
known up to the time of its dissolution in 1S74 
as the Bursou and Xelson Knitting Company. 
A remarkable man both as to his impressive 
personality and the notable achievements of his 
inventive genius, Mr. Burson has left on record 
in the commercial world a long list of inventive 
triumphs relating to harvesting maciiinery and 
the knitting industry, more particularly to the 
latter. To his family and friends he bequeathed 
a fragrant memory of constant charity and 
wide generosity, of Intellectual ruggeflness and 
a love for all the simple, boautiiul things of 
life. 

This remarkable man was born in Venango 
County, Pa., September 22, lS.i2, and died at 
Eockford, 111., April 10, 11113. He was the son 
of Samuel and Mary (Henry) Burson, both na- 
tives of Sussex County, X. J. They removed 
to the site of what is now Oil City, Pa., where 
the father engaged in agriculture until the year 
1S3S or ISSn, when he took his family to Pitts- 
burgh by moans of a raft built for that imr- 
pose. From there they went on down the Ohio 
River, and by boat and team finally reached Me- 
Donough County, where they bought a farm, 
later leaving it for Fulton County, III. Here 
they became owners of seven quarter sections 



of l.ind, two sections of wiiicli still remain in 
the family. The father of William Worth was, 
therefore, one of the pioneers of the state, 
dying in ISoG when only about fifty-three or 
fifty-four years of age. William Burson's first 
winter in Illinois was called, "The winter of 
the great snow." For months the roads were 
drifted full, fences, shrubs and small trees en- 
tirely covered. It was the coldest winter ever 
known in Illinois. Mr. Bursou often told an 
incident of liow his father gave an ox yoke for 
their first home in Illinois, and here William 
and his brother slept through the inteusest cold 
with oniy an nnplastered clapboard roof over 
them. They would often jump out of bed in 
the morning, tumbling into a snow drift that 
had found its way in through the cracks during 
the night. A lad of but seven or eight years 
of age when the fauiily came to Illinois, Wil- 
liam Worth Burson practically grew up in this 
commonwealth, si>ending his youthful days on 
a farm. Life was simple in those days, and 
the opportunities circumscribed. He often told 
of a school he attended. The house was of logs, 
the only board used being made to serve the 
purposes of a writing desk whereon each pupil 
displayed his penmanship by means of a quill 
pen. The school house boasted one window, 
covered with greased paper In place of glass. 















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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OP JLLIXOIS. 



993 



Tliere was uo ceiling, but a roof of rout;U clap- 
boards laid in rows and lield dnwn bj poles 
ari-hed this inteilei-lual temple. A fireplace 
filled one eiul of the room, hut was iDsutlicient 
to heat the whole of it. Agalu-t the resnlting 
(ll.scuiiifort the youthiul philosoi'lier utU'red no 
coiiiphiint save the simple remark, "We did liot 
expect to keep warm." The schools of the time 
ciAild I. tier only limited curriculum; history, 
Kramm.ir, advanced arithmetic and geography 
livln;; nt)sent from the courses of study ot UiaL 
l-Tliid. To learn to read and write, to be ab?o 
to cli>her the simplest problems of arithmetic, 
llils was thought to represent an adcquaie ^-du- 
nitlon. The books accessible for readiug cou- 
flsted of the Bible and a stray almanac or two, 
uo newspapers being seen until some years 
later. 

Mr. Burson did not attend the public schools 
after his seventh year, although he idter be 
came a teacher of others. It will thus be see)i 
that he was largely self-educated, attaining 
through his own guidance an Impressive efS- 
ciency in many branches of learning even now- 
considered essentials of a broad culture. Ho 
was an omnivorous reader, borrowing every book 
lie could. That he might secure more time In 
which to master them it became a habit with 
him lo tie the oihmi volume to his plough han- 
dles and read while guiding his horses. So as 
he i^lo'ighed the ground underneath him he at the 
same time i)loughed deep and straight the fur- 
rows of his future mental power. Hours that 
.should have been siie;it in sleep his eager mind 
devoted to study that he might the more quickly 
pass the examinations that would grive him the 
right to teach school. He achieved the goal of 
this ambition only to find that the ambition for 
a still higher education haunted him. Hus- 
banding his resources, he was at last able to 
enter Lombard L'niverslty, Galesburg, HI., then 
presided over by Professor John VanNcss 
Standish. He was graduated there In It^oC in 
the first class ever leaving that institution, and 
had the honor of reeei\ing the first dijiloma ever 
presented to a graduate of Lombard. 

Mrs. "U'illiam Worth Burson was born in New- 
Jersey, but was later brought by her parents to 
Fulton County, HI. She and Mr. Burson became 
schoolmates at Lombard and later fellow teach- 
ers In the country schools. Mrs. Burson sur- 
vives her husband, and now resides In Califor- 
nia. The children horn of this union wore : Flo- 
rence Adele, who is residing in Koekford, 111.; 
Wilson Worth, who maintains the Burson con- 



nection with Uie Zu.ck and Brown Knitting 
Coiopauy, where the knitting machine he in- 
vented is helug usoO ; a:id I'Truest Emerson, who 
is the cv.ner of a large ranch near Orange, 
Ca!., has devorod bis entire life to music. 
The daughter, IJuience Adeie, married Seth C. 
Trul'aut, a native of Lynn, Mass., who was con- 
nected with the knitting company for twenty 
years. Mr. and \frs. Trufant Decame the parents 
of i.^ree daughters : Grace A., wife of It. Deloss 
Trfcud-.VL'll of Chicago; Norva, who is at home; 
and Metty Margaret, who married George .'^earle 
of Moi'iie, Ala. 

-Mr. l'.Ul^^on had a mind that was as inquiring 
and forward-lotikicg as it was tireless; it was 
tenacious and of a remarks bio power of con- 
centration. His children might romp about 
the room while he wrote ditUcult patent papers, 
made drawings foi- the Patent Ollice; but he 
v.as not at all disturbed, declaring that no out- 
side noise found its way into those dejiths 
where lay tlie secrets of his power. His versa- 
tility was impressive. T)ie spirit of the poet 
f'.ised with that of the inventor, and while com- 
jiosing heatitiful verses, his active mind was 
also recognizing the need of Improved ma- 
chinery, and later Inventing it By ISuG he had 
taken out patents on binders and mowers, and 
in lSr>l) he secured a patent on a twine binder, 
lj;ter projecting the wire binder. In ISM he 
patented the first twine binder to operate suc- 
cessfully. Mr. Burson then turned the attention 
of his inventive genius in the direction of solv- 
ing the problems relating to knitting machines. 
The story of his progress here may best be 
shown by e.xcerpts culled from his diary of that 
period. For more than sixty years he wrote 
these notes in shorthand, learning the system 
when it was almnst a thing unknown. The 
excerpts that follow may give a more intimate 
revelation of the work achieved during some 
wonderrul years. 

Septemb.'r 2s, 'Ci:. "I have a defined plan of 
a knitting iiiacliine for knitting men's socks. 
The i.lan of making the stitch is entirely my 
own, as my iiartner, Mr. Xelson, is away on a 
three months' trip." November 20, 'GG. "I spent 
evening knitting on a sock and got down to the 
heel, and on 30th finished same, being the first 
sock ever knit in this manner. The papers pre- 
pared by myself and sent to the patent oflice 
I)ecendx>r 4, "GG." February 7, '07. "I spent 
entire day on knitting machine, knitting first 
jiair of socks." February 17, 'G7. "Knit mit- 



994 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



ten, the tirst ever kuit on machine." ThI.s 
mitten is now in the possession of his diiutih- 
tcr, Mrs. Adele Trufaut of Koelcford. June :i4, 
'G7. •■I'reiiareil patent iiai>er.i. He^'an u new 
knitting madiine. known as parallel rov.-.' This 
is the uiaehine now In universal use. July ol. 
"Was knitting on same and got patents Jnlj iJ, 
1S70, to kuit the first sock with a pattern 
wheel." Octoher S, '70. "Saw the first sock 
kuit by water power." April 5, '71. "IJau three 
knitting machines making eighty dozen socks. 
Took thirty dozen to Dnhnqne, la., and sold the 
first they had sold outside of Itocliford. These 
were uniform color throughout, and this trip 
convinced me that we must have white tops." 
August S, '71. "Shipped out first lot to Chi- 
cago, twelve dozen." August 1(!, "71. "Kuit a 
sock in five minutes today." September 13, '71. 
"Made a trip to Chicago to sell goods and sold 
Farwell forty dozen." Today, l!)i:!, the factory 
is turning out (3,0(iO dozen per day of 2i hours. 
"After working hard all day in Chicago, selling 
socks, went to I.a Salle, 111., and have conceived 
plan for new machine to fiuish tlie toe." Here- 
tofore this had not been done by machinery, but 
by hand. Marcli 30, '72. "Knit and closed the 
toe of the first sock ever completed on a ma- 
chine." May 1, '7:^. "The knitting machine 
worked perfectly." October 10, 'lii. "Knit sock 
In 3% minutes." 

Mr. Burson also designed punches and dies 
to make various parts of the machines, and 
In ISSI started his Burson machine for knit- 
ting ladies' fine hose. The factory, now work- 
ing day and night, gives emiiloyment to more 
than 1,000 people. The present Burson Knit- 
ting Company was organized in ISfi^ with a 
capital of 1?2-1,000. Later this was increased to 
$7riO,000. Mr. Burson was not content with his 
work even after these remarkable achievements. 
He continued his efforts further to perfect 
them, Some 1,800 machines are now used at 
Rockford and about 3(X) at Paris, Canada. A 
man who can fashion out of the fabric of his 
dreams machines so uncanny in their intelli- 
gence as to seem human save for blood and 
conscience has invited immortjiiity both for 
himself and his work. As a young man .Mr. 
Burson longed always to do sometliing f^r his 
fellow-men, for "poor humanity." He aihi.Mcl 
his desire. His inventions have given caiploy- 
ment to thousands. Many men anil worn. mi have 
been made comfortable in old age thiongli this 
splendid industry which owes its life to .Mr. 



Buison. His uaiiie beiougs with the immortals. 
Fulton, Morse, Kaisou and Marconi are his 
companions in chose in\entive ministries tliut 
have made for tiie ioci.-.l progress of the race. 
He flung his patieiJt geuias in the face of the 
world's ridicule and fa-bioued a machine repre- 
sentnig tiic va;>ors of doubl; cooled into solid 
forms of hiniiau >ervice 

Jlr. Burson lived aa .'.'cemplaiy life. In the 
attainments of character bo was no less great 
than ju the .sweep of his intellectual power. 
His life 'v;;s wv.-t temperate. He never used 
tobacco in any form. Alcoholic drinks had no 
enticement for hi.'n. In eating he never used 
meat or butter, and never drank tea or coffee. 
He never shaved after ieuviug college, but wore 
a long flowing beard, and often said, "I never 
paid a barber a cent in my life." He estab- 
lished almost a like record in respect to the 
medical profession, never Tiaving been called 
upon to receive the ministrations of a physician 
until in his last brief illness. Those who knew 
him best declare that he had no morally dis- 
figuring aabits whatever. I'rofanity was far 
from him, nor did any injustice provoke him 
to harshness. In his greatness he rose above 
the petty concerns that so often engage the at- 
tention of smaller minds. His life ranged in 
those upper immensities where the days are 
serene and unclouded. His family never recall 
a (luiek or a cross word. To his children he 
was always gentle and kind. Disappointment 
left no scar upon his face, nor did bitterness 
sear his soul. He was so compassionate and 
gentle-spirited that although he loved to wear 
a flower he never plucked a longer stem than 
necessary lest lie should give needless pain to 
these fragrant friends of man. Although never 
formally a meniber of any church, Mr. Burson 
was a man of deep religious convictions, and 
whenever in Bockford attended services at the 
Church of the Cliristian Union. He read the 
New Testament reverently and often. He read 
it in seven languages, and continued an earnest 
student of this great Christian document until 
the day of his death. For years a Mason, he 
was a charter member of the Chicago Lake 
View lodge of that order. In politics a Ee- 
pulilican of Repul>licaus, he adhered to the 
parly from its orgainzation, being a delegate to 
llie lirst state convention at Bloomiugton and 
cast his tirst vote for John C. Fremont for 
president, and liis hist for William H. Taft. 

His motto through life was, "Integrity, In- 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



995 



(lustry ami rt'iseveraiKe." On a uiomiuifiit 
frt'cted to his father and iiiuther these thn'c 
words are engraved. Taught the lessnim by 
bis father, he Uiter exemiilitied them In his own 
life. Two thiriiglits pive him wonder— the dnia- 
tlon of time, and immensity of space. These 
held the deeper secrets of the eternal which he 
constantly rought to l;uo\v, hut hefore wliii-li 
even his persistent intellect paiisnl. Mr. l;ur- 
son's deatli came after a very brief illiiess. It 
was unexpected. He had enjoyed excellent 
health in such generous measure that the 
trilling indis|iosition which attacked him was 
not deemed serious. But his venerable age 
joined hands with disease and he died in less 
than a week at the home of his daughter, Mrs. 



luid to t 
jf mind, 



tenderl 
unsulli. 



le was laid to rest in Forest \'iew 
iuckford. Ills tomb is marked, as 
f liis parents, with the motto, "lu- 
lu~try and I'erseverance." Under- 
■elin- and perseverance are the at- 
geiiiu.. Mr. I',urs(Mi po.ssc.ssed these 
11 aiMed dtlier virtues — contentment 
icoiirageiueiit of generous thoughts, 
.erci^e of a virile memory. Thus, 
line will ever be associated with tlie 
lis genius produced, it will also lie 
iinectc'd with his blameless life, hi.s 
I'putation, and his many deeds of 
ily wliicli endeared him to all. This 
mortality. 



AA^ILSOX WORTH DURSOX. 



It is not often the case that a sou of a distin- 
guished father follows in the lattcr's footstejis. 
Brilliant he may he, but usually along entirely 
different lines, but this has not been the case 
with Wilson Worth Burson of Rockford. Son 
of the man who first lifted from the shoulders 
of womankind the almost endless tasli of knit- 
ting the stockings of the world, he has made 
many imin-ovements through his inventions, 
upon knitting machines, and is vice-president 
of the l!iir.son-Ziock-I5ro\vn Knitting Company 
of };ockrorii, 111., and in his way is as great 
a penius as the remarkable man who gave him 
birth. Mr. Burson was born in Itockford, 111., 
May L'l, l.st;4, a son of William Worth Burson, 
the pioneer inventor of binders, the first knit- 
ting machine and one hundred other contriv- 
ances. A biography of the father and the 
Burson family is given in this work. Grow- 
ing up ainid healthy, normal couditious, sur- 
rounded by high moral influences, ilr. Bur- 
son remained at Ilockford until he was four- 
teen years old, when he went to Sioux Falls, 
S. D., and learned there the watchmakers 
trade. After five years in that city he went 
to southern California and spent four years in 
the hardware and implement Inisiness, being 
located at Kseoudido. Having been very suc- 
cessful in this line of endeavor, he braiulied 
out and until lSf»S was variously euLra^'ed in 
erecting engineering, nu'chaniral engiiierring 
and general refrigerating. In that year he re- 
turned to Itockford and was with his father, 
studying under him and developing his inven- 
tive genius. During the four years' associatimi 
that followed Mr. Burson proved his mcttli; and 



designed and invented the machinery now in 
use in tlie Burson-Ziock-Brown Company, which 
was organized in lOU", with Mr. Burson as one 
of the original promoters and stockholders. 
This company now have 510 knitting machines 
in operation and are building and iustalling a 
machine each day; owns its own factory, and 
turns out about ],IH,)0 dozen pairs of stockings 
daily. In time it will be the largest plant of its 
kind in the world. The company was capital- 
ized for .faiXi.OOt), but the stock is worth much 
more at present. 

In Is'JO Mr. Burson was united in marriage 
with Miss Uettie Iloyt, a native of Illinois, 
having been born in the vicinity of Rockford. 
Mr. and Mrs Burson have one daughter, Flo- 
rence K. I'olitically Mr. Burson is a Republican. 
He belongs to Kills Lodge Xo. 033, A. F. & A. JI., 
Freeport Consistory, and Tebala Shrine of Rock- 
ford. I-ike his father, he is a natural inventor, 
and has made a great many changes in knitting 
machines, and produced other inventions of 
whirii the world knows nothing, he not having 
patented them. A man of clean living and high 
ideals, he is worthy of the name he bears. In 
the busiiie-s world his activities have been of 
great iiiiiiortauce. Coming into the knitting 
business .IS he has with a new company, he 
lias been able to produce a pro<luct similar to, 
without interfering with that of his father. 
The two Biirsoiis, father and son, ha\e dnno 
much to build up Rockford. Their kin. lied in- 
dustries fuinish employment to hundreds, and 
their wages spent in the city for necessities and 
comrMrts fonii no little part of the commercial 
life of the place. Generous, he gives liberally, 



996 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



altliout'h liis modesty keejis liira froiu iiiJiiear- 
Ing prominently before the puMic as a philan- 
thmiiist, aud hi.s association with civic measures 
shows that he is always to he found on the 



side of 


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venients 


owa 


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further 


iiiiprovt 


nients 


and 


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liriugins 


iut 


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of new 


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JOHN FITZ RAXJJOLPII. 



The wonderful success which attended the 
efforts of the late John Fitz Itaudolph, for sixty 
years a resident of Fulton County, III., stamped 
him as a man possessed of phenomenal business 
ability. Adopting faruiing as his life-work, as 
a young man he became the owner of lUO acres 
of fertile Fulton County soil, and through the 
years that followed continued to add from time 
to time to his holdings, until he was known as 
one of the largest landholders of the county. 
He was not content, however, to couhne his ac- 
tivities to the furthering of his own interests, 
for his influence was always felt in movements 
promoting the public welfare, and he continues 
to be remembered as a helpful figure in social 
and political life. Mr. Randolph was born May_ 
20, 1S33, in Indiana, a son of John and Nancy 
(Rawalt) Itaudolph, natives respectively of Xew 
Tork and Pennsylvania. The father was born 
ill Yates County, N. Y., in December, 1770, and 
died in 1S47, while the mother passed away 
February 1.3, 1S7S. Jeptha Randolph, the grand- 
father of John Fitz Randoli)h, was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, and tlie family has since fur- 
nished a number of men who have taken promi- 
nent jjart in military life. John Randolph was 
a school teacher in the Empire State, but, with 
the intention of securing land for his sons, 
migrated to the new West, the family tirst locat- 
ing in Indiana, and sub.sequently, during the 
early forties, coming to Fulton County, 111. John 
Randolph huilt a saw-mill on l*utt Creek, in 
Joshua Township, and also owned a farm in 
that locality, where he passed the last years of 
his life. He and his wife were the parents of 
eleven children, of whom si.K survive. The 
father was a Whig in his political views, while 
his religious faith was that of the Swedenlior- 
gian church. 

The education of John Fitz Randolph was 
secured in the public schools of Joshua Town- 
ship, to which loc-ality Le had been brought as 
a lad by his parents, and there first met. as a 
schoolmate, the lady who in later years became 
his wife. At a subsequent period he supple- 
mented his early training by attendance' at 
Lombard University, rialesburg. 111. He was 
about twenty-two years of age when he secured. 



by purchase, his first 100 acres of land, this 
proif.'rty being located in Canton Township, 
where he continued to carry on general farm- 
ing operations until within about three years 
of liis death. Through the exercise of industry, 
thrift and good management, he became one of 
the most extensive of Fulton County's land 
holders, his farms in this county comprising 
some GOO acres, while ho also owned 1,700 acres 
in Kansas and 100 acres in Nebraska, part of 
which is included in his estate, and several 
properties in the city of Canton. There he 
erected a number of buildings, including the 
Randolph block, the building occupied by Lea- 
man's Laumlry, the I'acific House and the 
Randolph residence on Chestnut street. lie 
also owned an interest in the Joplin lead mines. 

Mr. Randolph's marriage occurred February 
11, ISoO, when he was united with Louisa Haver- 
male, who was liorn twelve miles from Dayton, 
in Montgomery County, Ohio, March 3, 1S30, a 
daughter of Peter and Maria Havermale, natives 
of Maryland. To this union there was born 
the following children: Flora, who became the 
wife of Alba Page, is a resident of the state 
of Washington; Thurston, who married May 
McDonald, has one child, Jessie ; Viola, who 
becaiae the wife of George Miller, of Fulton 
County, has three children. Bertha, Harry, and 
George; Orpha, who died when ageii one and 
one-half years; Artie, a resident of Kansas, who 
married (first) Alberta Reichard. had one 
daughter, Ruth, and married (second) Marie 
I'owers, has two children, John F. and Carl F. ; 
and John F., who married Pearl Divilbiss, re- 
sides on the old liomostoad farm, has two sons, 
Keith and Ralph. 

In his political views, Mr. Randoliib was a 
Populist and Greenbackcr, but he did not as- 
jiire to public position, although for some years 
he served as school director and at all times 
faithfully performed the duties of citizenship. 
He was connected with the Grange, and his re- 
ligious belief was that of the Swedenborgian 
churcli, in the faith of which he passed away 
June 0, lOO."!. The influence of his forceful per- 
sonality has continued to be felt even after his 
death, while he is held in kindly remembrance 



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L 






HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLLNOIS. 



997 



by tlie many who knew an<l ani)rix.'iatej his 
many admirable qimlities. Mrs. R.ini'.ol^ilj still 
survives her husband, and is i>roi>iiiU'i:l in the 



life of tlie cominniiit: 
a resident fur sucli a 



ROBEir 



It has been tlie fortune of cer 
so imjiressod their personalities and activities 
upon llie eonimnnities in which their labors have 
found a reeejitive field that their influen.e and 
prestiw continue to be an asset even -rtlien the 
authors of tliese <jualities have been removed 
from tlic scene of their life's work. To c>chl.?ve 
success in the strenuous competition cf tbe 
present-day marts of trade and commerce, and 
particularly in a cc>mmuuity which has uo lack 
of men of stalwart, ability, calls forth the su- 
jjrenie efforts of the most capable of individusls ; 
to combine with these elTorts a bolpiu; InfJu- 
encc in the cause of good citizenshiii, morality 
and the higher ethics of life, demands qualifica- 
tions which few individuals possess. Sucess, as 
the world views its achievements, is rai-e'y 
granted. 'J'lie gaining of material things, and 
the iiosse-.siiiu of tlie momentary position which 
they give, may place one upon a certain pedes- 
tal, but the mere attainment of means does not 
spell success as it should be written to insure a 
la-lin- miiiiument; this may be securely bui't 

only 111 the foundation stones of constant 

lidclity to trust, immaculate probity of life and 
a sincere and conscientious performance of the 
duties and responsibilities which wan is called 
upon to discharge. 

The late Itobert Fowler Cummings c-ombined 
in rare degree, in his business cjualifieations 
and his standards of life, those characteristics 
which make for success In its truest and best 
form. He achieved a name and ixisition in the 
business world that few men of his time and 
locality have gained; with honor and without 
animo.sity he fought his way through the su- 
preme contests "of commercial transactions in 
which only the fittest survive; it was his re- 
ward to place his name beyond and above criti- 
cism ; straightforward and liigh business con- 
duct insurwl him that. But better, there will 
over bo connected with his name a record for 
sterling and high-minded citizenship and per- 
sonal integrity in the avenues of life wliidi 
rarely run parallel to the highwiiys of Imsiue-s 
performance. 

Robert Fowler Cuaimings was born at Xortb 
O.xford, Mass., .Tunc 1.7. 1S4S, tl;c only son of 
Abel i:. and Kuiily (Fowler) Cummings. He 



]-'OWLER CU.MilTNC; S 



to Illinois, and iii 
secured in tb" pi 
r-il Saile, this b.^ii 
at Lake Forest A 
tiod fr./a. his facii 
Ml GiuiiviMc, Hi. 



ncn his parents came 
iientary educatiou was 
hools of Wem.na and 
emeuted by attendance 
. and also by instruc- 
I bad been an educator 
■iitrance into business 
was unibT excellent prcrci.torship, for while still 
a \o\ith Sic w;,s ;iss,„i.itr<l with the firms of 
B. Fowler ar.d K. ."S. F.,wler & Com[):iny, the 
gentlemen in each finn being his uncles. With 
the former firm he worked for one year on the 
Chicago Board of 'i'rade, and in ISTO acpiiied 
a one-third interest in the drygoods est.-ihlish- 
:nent of F. 8. Foxier i^ Coiupany at Wenona. 
HI., wlLcre he continued to be engaged in mer- 
chandising until isv; In .Vugust of that year 
the firm sold out and Mr. Cummings, now a 
full-t!i>dge(l business niau, removed to Clifton, 
Iroquois County, 111., where he establisluNl him- 
self in .1 modest way in a grain ami coal enter- 
prise. Energy, high business standards and [)ro- 
gressive spirit combined to develop this venture 
into large proportions and he eventually became 
the owner of elevators at Clifton, Oilman. 
Clu'liansc. Irwin. Martinton. Papineau. I'ittwood 
and .St. .\iiiic. all in Iroiiuois County, 111., and 
(Uto, in K.inlc.ikce County, 111., with a total 
stor.ige capaiity of 1 .o.Xi.OX) bushels, while he 
also condurii d a retail coal business at each 
elevator. In ir»o:', the business was incorporated 
under the linn name of The K. F. Cummings 
(.'.rain ( 'oniii:\n.\ wilh Mr. Cummings as presi- 
dent. The Ilrm was ca[iiUilized for $00,OCk1, Mr. 
Cuinnangs owning f>^r,.(m of this stock". Mr. 
Cnmniings continued as the executive head of the 
K. F. Cu?nmin'-'s drain Company until the time 
of his ile:i(h. and batl numerous other holdings, 
wbi.b in. •hided ."...'.no acres of fine land in Illi- 
iinis :t\id i:.."i«i acres in Iowa, the vice-iiresidency 
of llie Hyde IMrl; State Rank of Chica.go, a 
iivncral grain biiMih-ss on the Chica.go F.oard of 
Ti-.idi', a pri\ate banking buisness at Clifton, and 
dirrrtorship.-; in the Grain Dealers National Fire 
lii-nranre Company of Indianapolis, the First 
Trust and Savings B.aiik of Watseka, Iroquois 
County. III., and the Jlartiuton State Bank of 
M.iitint<in. ".Mr. Cunimin.gs,"' reads an article 
written at the time of his demise, "went beyond 



998 



IIISTOiaCAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



the rciiiiiri'iiient.s of f:iiruess aiiil disiil.iyoil a 
coiisi.Unitinii f<ii- others tliat ouubled many a 
iiian to ticiure his owu home ami boi.-umc well 
liroviili'd for in lifo. lie [lossossed Icecn discern- 
nii'iit :tnd tlio iiower of readily jiuliiiiig men and 
motives.- 

In ISDS Mr. Cuniniincs removed to Cliieaso 
Willi his family and hicated at No. oV.',3 Dor- 
cliester aveniie, Hyde I'ark. The same qualities 
wliicli had won liim standing; and friendships 
at Clifton soon attracted to him a wide circle 
of friends, both in business and social circles, 
and wlien liis death occurred suddenly, Decem- 
ber ;!1, 1!IM, there were left scores in his new 
locality to mourn his loss. His funeral, at Clif- 
ton, was more largely atten<led than any similar 
event in the history of the city. 

It is r.nre that one finds in the struggle of 
present-day life for supremacy in business, an 
individual who combines aliility in commercial 
transactions with a love for the aesthetic. Mr. 
Cummings was such a man. lie was blessed 
with an appreciation of the lieautiful in nature 
and art. Beeaii.se of his donation in collections 
from the Philippine Islands, he was made one 
of tlie five honorary members of the Field Colum- 
bian -Museum of Chicago, and was a life member 
of the .\rt Institute of Chicago and of the Chi- 
cago Geographical Society. His various social 
connections included a life membership in the 
Hamilton Club of Chicago. Although not a poli- 
tician, he regarded public service as a stern re- 



sponsiliility. and wlieii called upon to .serve as 
mayor of Clifton did so cheerfully and conscien- 
tiously, and with such ability that he was re- 
tained in that othce for ten years. Clifton has 
known no better chief €>.\erntive, both from a 
business and civic standpoint. He always voted 
with the Itepublican party. 

Mr. Cummings was married at Onarga, Iro- 
quois County, 111., July 0. 1S74. to Miss -Mary 
A. JIarston, who survives him, and to this union 
there were liorn six children, namely: Lenore; 
Marion, who is the wife of Ralph C. Stevens, of 
Glen llidge, X. J. ; Florence, who is the wife of 
Thomas J. Hair, of Chicago; Irene, whose death 
occurred in the Iroquois Theatre fire which oc- 
curred December 30, 1003; Benjamin, who died 
in infancy ; and Marston, who is at home. 

In his eulogy of Mr. Cummings, at the funeral 
services, Rev. W. B. Milne, who was in charge, 
stated very aptly the .sentiment of scores of 
friends when he said: "The present generation 
may not know so well — may not remember so 
long — but the fathers and the generation whose 
memory goes back to days of distress will never 
forget that Mr. Cummings stood by them and 
back of them to their eventual advantage when 
it meant little to him e.xcept that their burdens 
were transferred from their shoulders to his. 
They will never forget.'' 

Trulj. that man has helpfully lived and has 
liuildi'J for himself a lasting monument, of 
whom it may be said: "They will never forget." 



JOHN W. YIXSOX. 



The high rewards that are attainable in char- 
acter and inlluence througli a life of industry 
and probit.v, guided and regulated by a sense 
of Christian obligation, are illustrated in the 
career of John W. Vinson, for many years 
special agent and adjuster of the Traders' In- 
surance Company of Chii-igo. but later an in- 
dependent insurance adjuster of Jerseyville. 
Possessed with more than ordinary faculty, he 
entered into his life work and has never failed 
to carry out the obligations kiid upon his will- 
ing shoulders and to follow up opportunities 
that opened before liim with steadiness and 
Industry, gaining step by step the rare fruits of 
well directed enterprise, until he found liiiiiself 
the occujiant of a position second to none In 
his special line. 

John W. Vinson was born April 2-, IS.'Jft, in 
what is now Jersey County, 111., but was then 
Included in Greene County, a son of John L. 



and Katherine (Spangle) Vinson, both natives 
of Seiota County. Ohio, where the father was 
liorn in IsiO, bis parents having come to that 
locality from Pennsylvania. The mother was 
lH.>rn in 1814, and came of German parentage. 
They were married in September. 1S32. and In 
I'so'^ came to Illinois. Tlie trip was saddened 
by the death of a dau.ghter which occurred while 
they were on the Ohio River, and her little 
body was interred at New Albany l)efore the 
journey was resumed. They came to Alton by 
tlio river and located four miles south of what 
is now Jerseyville, but later went to the western 
part of the county near Otterville where the 
mother died in 1S.",4, and the family li'Mue was 
broken up. 

Aftrr the death of his inolher John W. Vinson 
was thrown upon his own resources for a living. 
Realizing the necessity for an education, his 
opiKjrtunities for securing same having been 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



909 



limited, bo attcudod school whenever posj^ibU', 
aud was so apt a iiupil th;it wlien only sixteen 
years old he secured a first grade tea'her's cer- 
tificate. From then on for the next nine years 
he alternated teaching with stndyinK, attend- 
ing Shurtleft" College at Upper Alton diiriug his 
vacation months. In l^i:." Mr. Vinson entered 
upon a business career as manager of the Jer- 
seyville Flouring Mills and retained this posi- 
tion for twelve years, rendering efficient service 
In this capacity. In the meanwhile appreciating 
the value of insurance, he became local agent 
for several companies, hut in lSs;-l, became siie- 
cial agent and adjuster for the Lancasliive In- 
surance Company, continuing his relations with 
this concern until 1S02. In the latter year he 
went with the Traders' Insurance Comiwiny of 
Chicago as special agent and adjuster through- 
out Missouri and Illinois. Still later he branched 
out as an independent adjuster and his success 
has justified his action. Ills knowledge of in- 
surance and insurance laws is wide and inti- 
mate and his long association with this field of 
endeavor has specially fitted him for that worlc. 
Mr. Vinson was united in nlarriage on Sep- 
tember 12, ISCl, to Miss' Mary L. Starkweather, 
who came of an old Vermont family. Mr. and 
Mrs. Vinson became the parents of six d;ingh- 
tcrs, four of whom are now living, niuuely: 
Lula V. I'attoTi, now a widow; Maude S., who is 
the wife of W. A. .\lderson, a prominent at- 
torney, now residing in Los Angeles, Cal. ; 
Leora, who is the wife of George D. Fogue, em- 
ployed in the Fulton Iron Works of St. Ixniis, 
Mo., resides in St. Louis; and Ruth O., who is 
the wife of B. F. Staton, a real estate mau, re- 
sides in Huntington, W. Va. Tliose deceased 
are: Anna, who died when twenty years old; 
and Maty, who died in childhood. On Septem- 
ber 12, 1011, Mr. and Mrs. Vinson celebrated 
their Golden Wedding anniversary, which was 
attended by three of their daughters, besides 
numerous other relatives and friends. Tlieir 
marriage in isni occurred at the home of Mr. 
and .Mrs. K. P.. Zimmermann in Springfield, 111., 
where the bride was then making licr Iionie, 
Mrs. Ziuimerman being her aunt. Rev. .Mlpcrt 
Hale, D. D., then and for twenty-six years pas- 



tor of the Second Presbyterian Clnirch of 
Springtield, was the oHiciaiiiig clergyman. This 
veneralile pastor then ami for many years after- 
wards, took great pride in alluding to the fact 
tliMt of tlie many couples he had married all of 
them had always lived happily together. This 
fact was alluded to at the (iolden Wedding of 
Jlr. and .Mrs. Vinson, wlicn it was declared by 
the frienris then iiresent that the truth of Rev. 
Hale's statement was verified so far as it ap- 
plied to .Mr. and Mrs. Vinson, whose guests they 
then were. 

Mr. Vinson has always lieen a strong sup- 
porter of the Itcimblican party, has reiieatedly 
been elected a meuiber of the board of educa- 
tion of .lerseyvillo, serving in all twenty years 
as such, giving to the board the benefit of his 
years of exjicrience us an instructor as well as 
his matured ability as a man. It is largely due 
to his iu'luence and efforts that the public school 
system has been advanced to its present etli- 
cii'ucy in .Ter.seyville. For nearly a half century 
Mr. \'iiis,.n lias been an enthusiastic Mason. 
F..r Ml-mt as many years he has been a member 
of llie Presbyterian Church iu which for a long 
IK'ri.Kl he lias been an older. His interest In 
historical iiiallei-s has i'lways been deep and 
sincere and through him the Jersey County 
Historical Society has accomplished some very 
valuable work, he now being its secretary. The 
life of such a nuiii points its own moral and 
teaches its own lesson. He had no inherited 
wealth to help him along, but was forced to 
labor hard fnr everything he obtained from life, 
even an eilucation. Notwithstanding his many 
drawbacks in early life he forged ahead and 
has eviTv reason to be jiroud of what he lias 
accomiili-licd. .V man of kindly disposition, he 
has ever lieen a friend of the poor and needy, 
and willing in a material way as far as able 
and I'v advise, to aid those less fortunate than 
hiiiwelf. P.oth Church and State have been his 
lieneliriaries. Many of his friends and business 
associ.ites. wlio have been consulted, join in 
dccl:iiiiig tliat nothing stated in this article 
ovcr-pnii-^.Ml their distinguished fellow towns- 
man, for be is deserving of all possible credit. 



SWAN NELSON SWAN. 



One of the most con.spicuous features of 
American life is the operation here of immense 
manufacturing plants producing articles that 
cannot be classed among the necessities of life. 



-'lied to give pleasure and 
culture to every home, 
iiig and placing u|ion the 



irket at a reasonable price, of 



1000 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



plano.s, came a womltTfiil increase in musical 
develo|iiuent, anil at the same time tliere came 
about a centering of interests In tlie home 
where a piano would afford amusement hith- 
erto sought elsewhere. The cleveloimient of tills 
industry was the result of earnest, iiainstaldus, 
far-seeing effort on the part of the men eng-aged 
in this line of eiiileavor, and the situation today 
presents many interesting fa<'ts. as do the rec- 
ords of the lives of t)ie men whose names are 
associated with the history of the piano manu- 
facturing of the country. One of the men now 
deceased, who for years devoted himself to 
l)erfecting the operations of the concern of 
which he was the capable executive head, Swan 
Nelson Swan, was a man whose work and 
charities will never be forgotten. His house, 
the S. X. Swan & Sons manufacturing plant, 
stands in evidenc-e of what he acconiplisheil as 
a business man, but his many deeds of kindly 
charity live in the hearts of those who bene- 
fitted by tliem, and bis name is honored bj all 
who knew him. 

Swan Nelson Swan was a native of the far 
north country of Sweden, having been born at 
Gerds Kopinge, June 20, 1S44, and was but 
fifteen years old when he left school to enter 
upon an apprenticeship to a cabinetmaker, and 
after five years, from ISr.O to ISC'!, he spent a 
year as a pattern maker in a Christianstad 
foundry. Later he worked at Malmo as a pat- 
tern maker, and then entered a piano factory 
at the same place and there laid the founda- 
tions for his future line of woi'k. For a short 
period he made furniture to order, prior to 
1S(>S, wlien he came to the United States, land- 
ing at New York. From that city he made his 
way to Princeton, 111., arriving there with very 
little money, in fact was in debt, as he had 
borrowed funds to make the trip with his wife 
and infant daughter. Furthermore, he knew 
nothing of the English lansuage, and for tlireo 
weeks after his arrival at Princeton found it 
impossible to secure employment because of 
this lack, but was forUinate in having a 
friend there, a fellow ctmnlryman, who kept 
looking out for him to a certain extent. A 
resident of Princeton had in his employ a man 
of some experience, to do odd jolis, and this 
friend of Mr. Swan, knowing bis abiliry, in- 
duced the employer to put both ni.'U on tlie-e 
jobs to SCO which one was the best worlunan, 
each one to work three days a week at S\.-'j. 
This was his bcgininng. 



In the meanwhile Mr. Sw.ui managed to pur- 
chase some bits of furniture for the new home, 
but because he had to send a portion of his 
small earnings back to Sweden to repay the 
loan made him for his passage, had practically 
no means with which to advance himself. In 
order to secure tirewood, he gi'ubbed out stumps 
ou the days he was not emi)loyed. It is doubt- 
ful if he would have pulled through that ter- 
rible iieriod of privation had it not been for 
his resourceful wife. Not only did she encour- 
age him with her good advice and cheerfulness, 
but she added to the scanty income by t.iking 
boarders, also by putting splint bottoms in 
chairs for a nearby store, and doing all kinds 
of odd jobs she could find. In every forward 
move ilr. Swan was finally able to make, his 
wife kei't right by his side, and together they 
worked, siivod and reared their family, and 
gave tlieir children advantages which have 
made them iieople of culture and high attain- 
ments. 

In ISTO Mr. Swan went to Meudota. 111., to 
enter the employ of the Western Cottage Organ 
Company, and soon became recognized as one 
of the company's most capable men. With his 
savings, he invested in a farm in the vicinity 
of Princeton, 111., and cultivated his land for a 
brief period, but later returned to Mendota, 
111., «here he took contracts with his old con- 
cern for several departments, liy August, 1SS7, 
he was in a position where he was able to 
invest quite heavily in stock of the Chicago 
Cottage Organ Company, that later became the 
Cable I'iano Company, and purchased the 
Kingsbury piano. This association lasted until 
April. liX)", when Mr. Swan sold his interest 
for ¥45.(XiO. and became manager and super- 
intendent of the Burdett Organ factory of 
FreeiKirt. Later he became sole owner of this 
concern, and reorganized it as S. N. Swan & 
Sous. At the time of Mr. Swan's death he wa>, 
making the Swan piano, one of the finest and 
best instruments of its kind. The one called 
'•The .Vrt St.\le" was his favorite piano, and 
was always used for concerts and nuisicals and 
highly recommended by the most accomplished 
musicians. He was a great lover of music and 
enjoyed every minute at a concert or wherever 
music was played. 

On June 22, ISi;':. Mr. Swan was married to 
Ingria Carl.son, and they became the i)a rents 
of the following children : Annie E.. David E., 
Gustave A., Mrs. Amanda Loouiis, Mrs. Matilda 



■ ■^■a if tj i ui. ,j.jv ''- < .' j^iJ i^ ja j yj) t My^ s j . <i. ;i y;i» »f>j jwiw^^^ 



'^^'^■ 



...*1>^. 









■^^.^J.^a>»^,ri>^- -^-^^f^iA^^-^J^ ': 



^c^e^i ^r^^-(^< iV^ - /• *- r G^c 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS 

,1 Mil 



1001 



Iti.inlianlt. Mrs. Ilulda AikUtsou ;,iu1 Mrs. M 
iilo llaiU. Tud -ranilscn-. II. i:iii;oiie U)o:i 
Jr., and .\itlnu- AikI.ts. 
Swim. For iwviity .^^.l^.s 
lla. Swnli-h I.ntlu'iaii il.unh. l.ut as that (le- 
lit.iuiiiatl'in liad mi rci'ic-rntar ion ;,t FrtM-pcit, 
h,. ili.I not ...uiint liiiuscir with any rcUuious 
,.r-:ilii/.ati.'n in tliat city. Ih- was a Kniu-lit 
T.-mi.lar .M i-.n, and F 
had .-liar-'.- ..I tlu. fuiu-ial 
ivry liiipri-^ivi'. The i 
,«-,-.irr.-.I .V,.'..'uil..T IS. i:'14. Xut .:Pl,v did 
.l-r.-,.I...rt I..S- on.- of its nHi>t iiittii-ntia! o^i-^l- 
iu-> iiifii. I>iit Cliii-i.iro a vaiiiod nsidviit. as the 
fimilly had iiiaiiil:ain«l a home in that nie'roiio- 
11s for some time previously. 

Ill IV.H. Mr. and Mrs. Swan and two of their 



daiu'liteiv, Ti 

.Mr. .Swans o 

rvive Mr. ited otlier {lai 

iienirw.'r of ture of tl:e t 



t'ouin 
i.f -Mr. 



issed t! 



took a trip to 
home 'ti Sweden, ami also vis- 
of Europe. An interestins; fea- 
■ v,:i.s tliat on liis liirtliday he 
ill tile same house in which he 
ri-e oi' Mr. Swan was reniarka- 
an.i- 'iuoi;-li tlie earnest, pains- 



lal<i!'i; tiiiift 


a:,, 


'. l.ard work of hini.-eli and 


wife. The 1 
luTdsh-p-, an 


le.-.S' 

Otil' 

d ,^- 


■n is al.paient. Wliat tlicy 
I'!;' denial until luxuries are 


I'o-:Ml,:e. \VI 




sei.ii;,' to advauce bis own 


;nt,re>,s. Ml, 


, Sv 


can iio\er for;,'ot others, and 


VMS a nil,'. ■ 


f ki 


i,<lly inipMl.ses, whose example 




;aiil\ 


,■ and honorahly followed hy 


those who CO 


inc 


after liini. 



EDAVARD PKIXr 



There would be no consistency in caUin^ this 
work a nieiiiorial to the lives and work of IlH- 
iioi.s' most distinguished men unless the name of 
the late Col. Kdward Prince was included in the 
list of tliose whose hio'-rraphies are given. Not 
only was he a man of reniarkahle ability ana 
loyal citi/ensliip. but he won honor.s as a solJJer 
and Is r.-iiiciiilierecl as a r.ublie benefactor of 
Quincy. where for .rears he was a forceful and 
snivessful attorney. Colonel Prince was born 
In West Ilbiomlield, Ontario County, N. Y., De- 
i-eml'ir ,s, ls:52. and died in the city of Quincy 
Iiereuibcr .". I'KXS, full of years and honors. lie 
was a son of l>avid and Sophia (Kllsworth) 
Prince, who brought their sou Edward to Illi- 
nois when he was but six years old, so he was 
practically a proiluct of the Prairie State. The 
family exodus from New York State to the new 
home, was made by way of canal boat and 
wa.gon, and settlement was made on a farm 
near Paysou and grew up amid healthful rural 
surroundings. He was taught the iiriiiciples of 
farming and also to value the liomel.v virtues 
of honesty and industry, which were early in- 
culcated in him by his watchful parents. 

An ambitious l:ul, Edw.ard Prince was ever 
anxious to imjirove himself, and his parents 
recognized this and .sympathized with him, and 
so arranged that he entered when only fourteen 
years old, the preparatory department of the 
Illinois College and two years later the coUe^-'e 
Itself, from which he was graduated in IS."- 
wilh the degree of A. B. Immediately there- 
after he begau the study of law with ■\Villiams 



was a(i:ii 


n,-e, ie, 
ittcd to 


to the ..11 


tbri^ak 


piacticcl 


bis p, 


i-,:g that 


his c 


.soldier li 


le offel 


who ap[K 


.inted i 


eavalr.v. 


111 th, 



xl of hi 



C'doiiel 
Coiintl 
was tl 



lii> <■! 
the t 

to Sll 

and t 

,.r till 

lean i 
had 



him^cir to (Jovernor Yates, 
captain and drill master of 
II of isci he was commis- 
itcii.-iiit-<-oloncl of the Seventh Illinois 
lid was proinotcd to the colonelcy for 
IS bravery, recciv in,tr his honorable dis- 
isci. Incliidiiiu- other engagements 
liiice jiailiripatcil in the battle of 
1(1 the siege of I'ort Hudson, and his 
li.ister mind that conceived and ex- 
al is known as the Grierson Paid, the 
tcniiinatioii of which aided materially 
liii- tlie liiion cause. With the form- 
at (;rainl .\riiiy of the Itepublic Colonel 
came one of the most enthusiastic 
of the local post, and he was also 
iiid enjoyed his connections with both 

iig to (Quincy at the close of his mili- 
■(• Colonel Prince resumed his [ivactice 
(I then iH-canie interested in handling 
e. thus coiifiiuiing until Isi:!, when 
krd upon an undertaking wliicli, at 

seenieil al st too Large for one man 

liilly handle, but he proved capable 
■es,.nt iiiagnilirent water works .system 
• of (Juincy is the result of his hercu- 
s. After he had accomplished what he 
rtaken he sold his interest. Feeling 



1002 



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS. 



tliC'U tluit he bail earned k-isure ho retired, al- 
thuugU Le was always niiurtful of civic matters 
until his demise. At the close of the war he 
was offered tlie rank of General, but, not having 
had that title while in active service, he felt 
that he was not entitled to it thereafter. In 
liioi; he received tlie dejiree of .V. JI. from 
Illinois College, Jacksonville. He was a mem- 
ber of the American ."Society of Civil Kngineers. 
Jlr. Prince was a linguist, speaking French, 
German and Spanish fluently. He was also one 
of the foremost men in connectiou with the 
good roads movement. 

On September 21, 18iJ7, Colonel I'rince was 
united in marriage with Miss Virginia. JI. Ar- 
thur, who survives him. Mrs, Prince was born 
in St. Clair County, 111., October IS, 1N40, a 
daughter of James and .Mary Jane (Iteod) 
Arthur. Mr. Arthur was Itorn in the north of 
Ireland, while his wife came of good Virginia 
stock. Mr. and Mrs. Arthur came to Quincy in 
IS-IG, and there Mr, Arthur became one of the 



city's most valued citizens and subst^mrial busi- 
ness men. His death occurred in (juiiicy in 
l;?^i'.i, when he was eigbty-eight years t.Ul. Col- 
oiiei and Mrs. I'rince became the iiarents of 
three child'-eu: l.dward Arthur, who died in 
Infancy; Kdilh Pri)ice, who married Bishop 
Xathaniel Seymour TUoma.s, of 'Wyoniing; and 
Mary Prince, who ma'-ricd William Guy Xoll, 
of Quincy. Colonel Princf,- was a bruve soldier, 
a progressive busirioss man. a citizen who.se life 
was shaped riy tlie sentiment of civic pride and 
actuated by r>\.>t;vrs of pure patriotism. He 
took a deep and aLiJdlng interest in every move- 
ment that had for iis object the betterment of 
his community, and possessing as he did a 
charm of manner that was indetinable, an in- 
tegrity that was inficxible, his capacity for 
winning and retaining friends was boundless. 
The passing away of such a man as Colonel 
Prince was a hea^■y blow to those whose priv- 
ilege It WPS to be in intimate association with 
him. 



HENRY A. SHEPHARD. 



The long and distinguished career of the 
Hon. Henry A. Shephard offers many indic-a- 
tions that real merit receives proper recognition 
from those who are an.\ious to benelit from any 
man's grasp of large affairs, for the as.sociates 
of this truly great man of Jerseyvllle have 
successively honored him ui)on numerous occa- 
sions, and their confidence has never been mis- 
placed. Belonging to a family accustomed to 
handling important matters, Mr. Shephard 
early developed sagacity of an uncommon order, 
and turned his abilities into channels that led 
to public work for the masses. A financier of 
known and tested strength, Mr. Shephard gave 
to the management of the affairs of the olHccs 
he was called uikdu to fill the s.ime consci- 
entious, conservative methmls that won him dis- 
tinction as a banker, and the public benefited 
accordingly. Ills long and coutinuous service 
in behalf of tb.e jwople of his community has 
been rewarded by his advance in popular esti- 
mation, and it is doubtful if any living man 
stands any higher with the people of Jersey 
County than he. Mr. Shephard was born M.iy 
17, 3S58, in the city he has so signally honored 
for .so many years, a son of the late William 
Sheiihard and his wife, Ann M. (Gross) Sher>- 
hard, written up at some length elsewhere in 
this work. Henry A. Shephard attended the 
excellent jiublic schools of Jcr?.e\Tille, where 



he was prepared for Notre Dame University, 
from which he was graduated, and .following 
this he took a business course in the Jones 
commercial college of St. Louis. Having thus 
fitted himself for the duties of practical life, 
he entered the bank of Bewman & Ware, suc- 
cessors to his father's banking firm of William 
Shephard & Co., and in 1SS3 assisted iu reor- 
ganizing this bank as the J. A. Shephard & Co. 
Bank, lie became cashier of the new institu- 
tion, and thus contiimed until IS'JO, when he 
accepted the same position when the bank was 
organized under the State laws as the State 
Bank of Jerseyvllle. Until July 10, 1912, he 
retained this rcsiwnsible position, but then re- 
tired, after thirty years' experience as a banker, 
and connection with this same institution. 

From the time he cast his first vote Mr. 
Shephard has been Interested in politics, and 
was elected city treasurer iu ISOl, serving until 
1S;»3. In the latter year he was made chief 
executive of Jerseyville, and gave the people 
a sane, sound, busines.slike administration that 
n.ade him a logical candidate for re-election 
upon several occasions, he serving as mayor 
until lIMil, During the Forty-sixth Assembly 
ho was a member of the lower house, and